Communication report and search

OHCHR.org

1045 communications found
Date, Country,
Type and
ref. no. of
communication
Mandates Summary Replies received
    22 Mar 2024
    China
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • education
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Comments on the Safeguarding National Security Ordinance, under article 23 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) of the People’s Republic of China, introduced by the gazette on 8 March 2024 and adopted by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’s Legislative Council on 19 March 2024.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Mar 2024
    Russian Federation
    JOL
  • Russian Federation
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Reference to draft legislation that has been brought to our attention, which could interfere with the legal profession and impact the right to a fair trial and the independence of lawyers in Russia. Namely, we would like to bring your Excellency’s Government attention to the proposed amendments to the law “On Advocacy and the Legal Profession”, referenced as draft Federal Law No. 301952 8, currently pending before the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Feb 2024
    China
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Analysis of the content of provisions and amendments made to two Chinese administrative regulations: the Administrative Measures for the Practice of Law by Lawyers and the Measures on the Administration of Law Firms, which entered into force between 2016 and 2018, which are not in line with international standards related to the right to a fair trial and its guarantees, and may in their application, limit the functions of lawyers in China by restricting both their work and their freedoms.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    01 Feb 2024
    United States of America
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning allegations that Justice Anita S. Earls, of the Supreme Court of North Carolina, was investigated by the North Carolina Judicial Standards Commission for engaging in free speech. Justice Earls is the only African American woman on the North Carolina Supreme Court. She was investigated in relation to an interview she gave, in which she expressed her opinion about the lack of racial and gender diversity among advocates arguing before the North Carolina Supreme Court, the lack of racial diversity among judges’ clerks, and the impact of implicit bias on the justices’ treatment of female and non-white advocates. She also discussed her experience of being interrupted by colleagues during oral argument, and the decision to discontinue various programs aimed at increasing equity and tackling implicit bias within the North Carolina judicial system.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    29 Jan 2024
    Switzerland
    JAL
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant la situation de 10 défenseurs de l’environnement qui ont été poursuivis pour avoir exercé leur droit à la liberté de rassemblement pacifique sans autorisation préalable à Zurich, le 20 juin 2020 et dans la semaine du 4 au 8 octobre 2021.
Alleged victims: 11
More details...
28 Mar 2024
    22 Jan 2024
    Egypt
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Updated information received concerning the enforced disappearance and the use of repeated charges against human rights defenders Ms. Hoda Abdel-Moneim and Mr. Moaaz Al-Sharqawy, in a practice commonly known as “rotation.” We would also like to bring to the attention of your Excellency’s Government updated information we have received concerning the lack of medical treatment for Ms. Abdel-Moneim’s increasingly poor health; the absence of due process in the arrest without a warrant of Mr. Al-Sharqawy in May 2023; his alleged ill-treatment and second enforced disappearance in five years, his first having occurred in 2018; and the ratification of a ten-year sentence against him by the Emergency Court following a trial lacking in due process guarantees.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    16 Jan 2024
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning widespread repression against civil society, human rights defenders, journalists, and political activists prior to and during the elections on 7 January 2024.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 Mar 2024
    11 Jan 2024
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • minority issues
  • torture
Information received concerning the case of Mr. Mojahed (Abbas) Kourkouri and Mr. Reza Rasaei, who are at risk of imminent execution in the Islamic Republic of Iran after the Supreme Court upheld their conviction and death sentence for “murder”. Mr. Kourkouri is accused of the killing of a child in the context of the nationwide protests in Izeh, Khuzestan province. Mr. Rasaei is accused for the killing of an agent, identified as a member of the Revolutionary Guards in November 2022.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    10 Jan 2024
    United Arab Emirates
    JAL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Allegations received on the new charges brought against 84 of the 133 individuals indicted in 2011 for calling for democratic reforms. Most of these individuals were completing or have recently completed their sentences for terrorism-related charges.
Alleged victims: 18
More details...
07 Mar 2024 (Ack.)
08 Apr 2024
    02 Jan 2024
    Argentina
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con el hostigamiento judicial y la campaña de difamación en contra de la abogada y defensora de los derechos humanos, la Dra. Nadia Schujman, por el ejercicio de su actividad como funcionaria encargada de investigar a policías en la provincia de Santa Fe, así como el hostigamiento judicial y allanamiento de la casa del abogado y del defensor de los derechos humanos, el Sr. Diego Rodríguez.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
01 Mar 2024
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
01 Mar 2024 (Annex)
    22 Dec 2023
    Malaysia
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
Information received regarding the alleged attempted killing of Ms. Siti Kasim, a lawyer and human rights defender.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
12 Jan 2024
    20 Dec 2023
    Colombia
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación a amenazas de muerte y actos de intimidación cometidos en contra del Sr. German Romero Sánchez.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
07 Mar 2024
    18 Dec 2023
    Zimbabwe
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the assault, arrest and judicial harassment of Mr. Kudzayi Kadzere, lawyer working on human rights cases. This episode has taken place in a context characterized by allegedly widespread interferences with the free exercise of the legal profession, relating particularly to attacks on the independence of lawyers and deliberate interference in the discharge of their professional functions, in the context of the upcoming elections.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    18 Dec 2023
    Spain
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre la falta de acuerdo de las fuerzas políticas en el Parlamento que ha llevado a una situación en la cual, luego que el mandato de los veinte miembros del Consejo General del Poder Judicial caducara en 2018, los nuevos nombramientos requeridos aún no se han llevado a cabo.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Dec 2023
    Belarus
    JAL
  • Belarus
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Russian Federation
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the designation of the Human Rights Center Viasna and its Homyel regional office, Homyelskaya Viasna, as extremist formations and the banning of access to their web resources in Belarus. We would also like to bring to your attention allegations we have received about arbitrary detention, judicial harassment and ill-treatment suffered by the Russian journalist Ms. Yekaterina Yanshina from Memorial Human Rights Defence Centre, reportedly in retaliation for her attempt to report on the trial of Viasna’s Chair and two of its members in January 2023.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    14 Dec 2023
    United States of America
    JUA
  • executions
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the imminent execution of Kenneth Eugene Smith, scheduled to occur on 25 January 2024 in the State of Alabama, by nitrogen hypoxia – an untested method of execution, which may subject him to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or even torture.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Jan 2024 (Ack.)
    06 Dec 2023
    Guinea-Bissau
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant le cas de 25 personnes détenues en relation avec la tentative de coup d'État qui aurait eu lieu en Guinée-Bissau le 1er février 2022, et qui ont été placées en détention préventive prolongée, apparemment dans de mauvaises conditions et sans accès adéquat à un avocat de leur choix. En outre, les procédures judiciaires entourant l'affaire auraient été indûment retardées, notamment par des tentatives de transfert de l'affaire à la juridiction militaire, tandis que les avocats, les procureurs et les juges impliqués dans l'affaire auraient fait l'objet d'intimidations et de harcèlement.
Alleged victims: 22
More details...
05 Feb 2024
    04 Dec 2023
    Lebanon
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning reported threats, acts of intimidation and disciplinary measures taken against the Lebanese Association of Judges, and its leadership, by the Ministry of Justice, which could unduly restrict the freedom of expression, association and independence of judges in Lebanon.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    22 Nov 2023
    Israel
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • disappearances
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • terrorism
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the ongoing widespread arbitrary detention of Palestinians, including activists, lawyers, artists, students and children in the cities and villages of the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
Alleged victims: 69
More details...
    20 Nov 2023
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
Information received concerning Mr. Louis Arnaud, aged 36, a French consultant based in France, who was reportedly arrested by the Iranian authorities in Tehran on 28 September 2022 and accused of participating in gatherings and conspiring against the security of the Islamic Republic.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
16 Jan 2024
    17 Nov 2023
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the alleged killing of eight individuals belonging to the Bawm indigenous community at Rowangchari Upazila in Bandarban on 6 April 2023.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
    13 Nov 2023
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • violence against women and girls
Información recibida sobre las recientes protestas en Guatemala, después de las elecciones presidenciales, lideradas por Pueblos Indígenas, quienes se manifiestan en favor de la democracia y por el reconocimiento de la voluntad popular, así como en contra de la corrupción y de políticas públicas que consideran han sido discriminatorias de sus derechos individuales y colectivos.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
11 Jan 2024
    02 Nov 2023
    China
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the trial of human rights defenders Ms. Huang Xuequin and Mr. Wang Jianbing on the charges of “inciting subversion of state power” at the Guangzhou Intermediate People’s Court.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    01 Nov 2023
    Mexico
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la decisión por voto del Poder Legislativo de recortar el presupuesto del Poder Judicial en 15,434 millones de pesos, por medio de la extinción de 13 fideicomisos, que afectaría directamente a 55.000 agremiados de la Suprema Corte de Justicia (SCJN), del Consejo de la Judicatura (CJF) y del Tribunal Electoral (TEPJF).
Alleged victims: 55000
More details...
15 Dec 2023 (Ack.)
02 Apr 2024
    27 Oct 2023
    Belarus
    JUA
  • Belarus
  • arbitrary Detention
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received about an alleged submission of Mr. Andrzej Poczobut, who is serving a prison sentence in penal colony No. 1 in Navapolatsk, to practices which may amount to torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. We would also like to bring to your attention allegations which reveal possible disregard of several international human rights standards in relation to Mr. Poczobut’s prosecution and conviction.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
09 Feb 2024
    25 Oct 2023
    Ecuador
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre alegaciones de una serie de amenazas recurrentes contra los periodistas Andersson Alejandro Boscán Pico, Mónica Gisella Velásquez Villacís y Luis Eduardo Vivanco Arias como resultado de su periodismo de investigación, y el clima más amplio de hostilidad, peligro físico y violencia contra los periodistas en Ecuador.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
26 Dec 2023
    23 Oct 2023
    Sri Lanka
    JOL
  • women and girls
  • cultural rights
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • sale of children
Information received concerning a Draft Bill for the Amendment of the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act No.13 of 1951 (MMDA), which, would it be adopted, would be contrary to international human rights norms.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
27 Oct 2023
    18 Oct 2023
    Zimbabwe
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the abduction, subsequent enforced disappearance and ill-treatment of Mr. Womberaiishe Nhende and Mr. Sanele Mukuhlani. Both are activists and members of the largest opposition party in Zimbabwe, the Citizens Coalition for Change (CCC). We would also like to bring to the attention of your Excellency’s Government information about the alleged arrest and detention of human rights defenders and lawyers, Mr. Douglas Coltart and Mr. Tapiwa Muchineripi when attending to their clients Mr. Nhende and Mr. Mukuhlani.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
15 Nov 2023
    18 Oct 2023
    Syrian Arab Republic
    JAL
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • international order
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning allegations regarding the massacre of over 280 civilians that occurred in Tadamon, in the Syrian Arab Republic in April 2013, which was brought to light in 2022, the lack of investigations and judicial processes in the aftermath of the atrocity, and the continued impunity granted to the alleged perpetrators.
Alleged victims: 280
More details...
    10 Oct 2023
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • human rights defenders
Retiro del esquema de protección asignado a la Jueza Yassmin Barrios, beneficiara de medidas cautelares Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos desde 2013, en un contexto que denotaría un patrón sistemático de represalias y criminalización contra jueces, mediante la utilización del Derecho Penal, por acciones asumidas en sus labores como jueces y dentro de la lucha contra la corrupción e impunidad en Guatemala; que incluirían amenazas y hostigamiento en contra de la independencia judicial.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
11 Dec 2023 (Ack.)
10 Jan 2024
    18 Sep 2023
    Peru
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida relativa a un conjunto de iniciativas de ley, acusaciones constitucionales y amenazas dirigidas a las autoridades judiciales y de justicia electoral en el Perú podrían afectar la independencia de los jueces, juezas y fiscales y de las instituciones independientes electorales y judiciales en el país.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
17 Nov 2023
    18 Sep 2023
    Nicaragua
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • older persons
  • terrorism
  • women and girls
Información recibida en relación con la persecución jurídica a defensores de derechos humanos por parte de las autoridades, a través del despojo de su nacionalidad nicaragüense.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
    18 Sep 2023
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informacion recibida en relación al retraso que han sufrido las elecciones judiciales en Bolivia, inicialmente programadas para el 29 de octubre de 2023, y la posibilidad que los cargos de las altas autoridades judiciales del país queden vacantes en enero de 2024. Si esto ocurriera, las vacantes bloquearían la capacidad del poder judicial para cumplir su importante papel en el orden constitucional de Bolivia.
Alleged victims: 12000000
More details...
18 Nov 2023
18 Nov 2023 (Annex)
    14 Sep 2023
    Kiribati
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning actions taken by the Executive to reportedly dismiss three Court of Appeal judges as well as the Chief Justice of Kiribati.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
15 Mar 2024
    13 Sep 2023
    Mr. Basim Naim
    JAL
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning a man at risk of being sentenced to death.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    11 Sep 2023
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, detention, and conviction on charges stemming from online engagement on social media, and the sentencing to death and risk of imminent execution of Mr. Muhammad Al Ghamdi. This case is one of a series of cases in which individuals have been prosecuted in Saudi Arabia for supposed crimes associated with the exercise of their right to freedom of opinion and expression.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
11 Nov 2023
    05 Sep 2023
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la detención y acusación criminal de la reconocida abogada Claudia González Orellana, abogada y defensora de personas operadoras de justicia, incluyendo exfiscales, ex auxiliares de fiscales y jueces, que han sido objeto de comunicaciones anteriores de los Procedimientos Especiales.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Oct 2023
    31 Aug 2023
    China
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the implementation of the National Security Legislation (NSL) in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR), specifically in the 6 February 2023 start of the first trial of 47 individuals accused of crimes under the NSL; as well as the issuance of arrest warrants by the Hong Kong SAR’s National Security Police for seven individuals, all self-exiled, for crimes under the NSL, reportedly for acts that, inter alia, occurred outside Hong Kong SAR’s territory.
Alleged victims: 54
More details...
05 Oct 2023
01 Nov 2023
    30 Aug 2023
    Mexico
    JAL
  • migrants
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre la muerte de 40 migrantes y decenas de heridos en el incendio del 27 de marzo de 2023 en el centro de detención de inmigrantes de Ciudad Juárez, así como su privación de libertad y posterior intimidación de las víctimas y obstáculos en la investigación.
Alleged victims: 83
More details...
27 Oct 2023
    29 Aug 2023
    India
    JAL
  • violence against women and girls
  • executions
  • food
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • internally displaced persons
  • minority issues
  • older persons
  • poverty
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • women and girls
Information received concerning sexual and gender-based violence against Meitei and Kuki women in the context of the violence that has been taking place in Manipur since May 2023.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 Oct 2023
    29 Aug 2023
    Colombia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con las investigaciones penales y disciplinarias que se siguen contra la fiscal Angélica Monsalve Gaviria y su traslado al interior de la Fiscalía con el fin de separarla de las investigaciones que adelantaba contra actos de corrupción.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Oct 2023 (Ack.)
31 Oct 2023 (Ack.)
15 Nov 2023
26 Feb 2024
    28 Aug 2023
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Russian Federation
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the case of Mr. Alexei Navalny, in connection with the sentence to nineteen years of imprisonment imposed on him on 4 August 2023.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    25 Aug 2023
    Jordan
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Information received concerning a fierce campain against lawyer Hala Ahed targeting her on social media due to her peaceful and legitimate human rights work.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
18 Oct 2023
    24 Aug 2023
    Thailand
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning the disbarment proceedings against Mr. Arnon Nampa, a Thai lawyer and human rights defender, taking place before the Lawyers Council of Thailand (LCT) under the Royal Patronage.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
04 Sep 2023 (Ack.)
10 Jan 2024
    24 Aug 2023
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning recent pressure and initiatives by the leadership of the Republika Srpska entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina targeting the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina that may amount to incursion into the Court’s independence and functioning.
Alleged victims: 3200000
More details...
    18 Aug 2023
    Thailand
    JAL
  • women and girls
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women and girls
Information received concerning the lack of accountability and protection measures for the online intimidation and harassment against two women human rights defenders, Ms. Angkhana Neelapaijit and Ms. Anchana Heemmina, despite the Bangkok Civil Court ruling on 16 February 2023, which recognized that they were affected by an online smear campaign, and that their work as women human rights defenders warrants State protection as per international human rights law and standards.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
30 Aug 2023 (Ack.)
07 Dec 2023
    17 Aug 2023
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • older persons
Information received concerning the serious impacts that the imprisonment for public protection (IPP) sentencing system in England and Wales continues to have on the human rights of affected prisoners, including their right to be free from punishments that are cruel, inhuman or degrading, or which result in undignified treatment that is cruel, inhuman or degrading.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
19 Dec 2023
19 Dec 2023 (Annex)
    14 Aug 2023
    Ecuador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con las presiones ejercidas contra el Poder Judicial en Ecuador, a través de amenazas de bomba y atentados dirigidos contra los complejos judiciales y contra jueces y fiscales que investigan casos relacionados con corrupción y bandas criminales.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
16 Oct 2023
    11 Aug 2023
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
Information received concerning allegations of systemic and serious acts of discrimination, hate speech and incitement to violence against the Ahmadiyya religious minority in Pakistan, which appear to be related to the legitimate exercise of their rights to freedom of religion or belief, and freedom of expression.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
    10 Aug 2023
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the risk of imminent execution of a 40-year-old man, sentenced to death, despite credible allegations of torture and violation of the right to a fair trial.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    09 Aug 2023
    Israel
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning Israeli and Palestinian lawyers, representing Palestinian individuals whose rights have been violated in the context of the Israeli military occupation. Since 2020, lawyers litigating such cases have started encountering harassment and threats when arriving to court, by activists of nationalist, far right groups, such as the Israeli organization “Im Tirzu” and others.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    07 Aug 2023
    Switzerland
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Informations reçues concernant une femme migrante sans papiers qui, après avoir signalé une agression violente aux autorités suisses, a été condamnée pour séjour irrégulier et risque maintenant l'expulsion.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
03 Oct 2023
    03 Aug 2023
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the risk of imminent deportation of the human rights defender and lawyer Mr. Lu Siwei.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    28 Jul 2023
    Haiti
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant l'attaque contre le juge Morin, qui travaille actuellement sur des affaires de corruption impliquant prétendument des hauts fonctionnaires.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Jul 2023
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the risk of imminent execution of a person who has been sentenced for the crime of murder.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    21 Jul 2023
    China
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arbitrary detention of the human rights defender Li Yuhan. She is a lawyer and human rights defender. She is in her seventies. In her legal work, she has represented victims of human rights violations in China, including other human rights lawyers faced with criminal investigations and processes in alleged retaliation for their legal and human rights activities. Her detention was declared arbitrary by the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention in October 2018 (opinion no. 62/2018).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
25 Sep 2023
    20 Jul 2023
    United States of America
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
Information received regarding the alleged violations of the human rights of the Newar Indigenous Peoples as well as the continued serious threats against human rights defenders due to the construction of the Chhaya Center business complex, developed by Chhaya Devi Complex Pvt. Ltd. in Thamel, in the central tourist district of Kathmandu, Nepal. The business complex houses a five-star hotel Aloft Kathmandu Thamel of US-based company Marriott International, among others.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    20 Jul 2023
    Nepal
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
Information received regarding the alleged continued serious threats of displacement of Newar Indigenous Peoples and violations of their human rights due to the construction of the Chhaya Center business complex, developed by Chhaya Devi Complex Pvt in Thamel, in the central tourist district of Kathmandu, Nepal. Among others, the business complex houses a five-star hotel Aloft Kathmandu Thamel of US-based company Marriott International.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    20 Jul 2023
    Marriot International
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
Information received regarding the alleged continued serious threats of displacement of Newar Indigenous Peoples and violations of their human rights due to the construction of the Chhaya Center business complex, developed by Chhaya Devi Complex Pvt in Thamel, in the central tourist district of Kathmandu, Nepal. Among others, the business complex houses a five-star hotel Aloft Kathmandu Thamel of US-based company Marriott International.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    20 Jul 2023
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Information received concerning the case of Mr. Mojahed (Abbas) Kourkouri, who was arrested on 20 December 2022 and subjected to enforced disappearance until April 2023. Mr. Kourkouri is accused of the killing of a child in the context of the nationwide protests in Izeh, Khuzestan province and is now at risk of imminent execution.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Sep 2023
    20 Jul 2023
    Chhaya Devi Complex Pvt. Ltd.
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
Information received regarding the alleged violations of the human rights of the Newar Indigenous Peoples as well as continued serious threats against human rights defenders due to the construction of the Chhaya Center business complex, developed by Chhaya Devi Complex Pvt. Ltd. in Thamel, in the central tourist district of Kathmandu, Nepal. The business complex houses a five-star hotel Aloft Kathmandu Thamel of US-based company Marriott International, among others.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    19 Jul 2023
    Türkiye
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the threats and alleged attack, possibly amounting to torture, of Mr. Aytekin Aktaş while he attempted to carry out his professional duties as a human rights lawyer assisting members of the “Life Watch” protests. We also wish to communicate the alleged repression of the “Life Watch” movement by the Gendarmerie which in some cases involves threats and physical violence.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
18 Dec 2023
18 Dec 2023 (Annex)
18 Dec 2023 (Annex)
18 Dec 2023 (Annex)
    14 Jul 2023
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre el arresto, detención y sentencia del señor José Rubén Zamora y de la señora Samari Carolina Gómez; así como los allanamientos a sus domicilios, las investigaciones penales lanzadas contra otros ocho trabajadores de los medios de comunicación, y el allanamiento y cierre del medio de comunicación El Periódico.
Alleged victims: 11
More details...
11 Sep 2023
    13 Jul 2023
    Nicaragua
    JOL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • terrorism
Información recibida en relación con las resoluciones de la Corte Suprema que suspendieron a veintiséis abogados del Colegio de Abogados de Nicaragua tras ser declarados “traidores a la patria”, presuntamente como represalia por su trabajo en pro de derechos humanos y por sus opiniones. La medida es el resultado de una decisión judicial de expulsión de 222 personas, incluidos algunos de estos abogados, y las reformas aprobadas por la Asamblea Legislativa para permitir despojar de la nacionalidad nicaragüense y de sus bienes a las personas declaradas “traidores a la patria”, incluyendo 94 personas.
Alleged victims: 222
More details...
    06 Jul 2023
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • human rights defenders
Información recibida en relación con el patrón sistemático de represalias y criminalización contra jueces y juezas, mediante la utilización del Derecho Penal, por acciones asumidas en sus labores judiciales y dentro de la lucha contra la corrupción e impunidad en Guatemala. Los presuntos hechos incluirían amenazas y hostigamiento en contra de la independencia judicial, libertad e integridad personal del juez Carlos Giovanni Ruano Pineda por el ejercicio de sus labores como juez; así como contra la jueza Iris Yassmin Barrios Aguilar, por sus labores como jueza. Este patrón se estaría dando dentro del marco de declaraciones del presidente de Guatemala, Alejandro Giammattei sobre “enemigos de Guatemala” y subsiguientes ataques en redes sociales, que atacan la labor de operadores y operadoras de justicia y de las personas defensoras de derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
29 Aug 2023
29 Aug 2023 (Annex)
    05 Jul 2023
    Mexico
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la detención arbitraria y faltas de debido proceso en el caso de la Jueza Angélica Sánchez Hernández, presuntamente en represalia por su decisión sobre la concesión de un amparo en un caso de alto impacto de Veracruz.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Sep 2023
08 Sep 2023
08 Sep 2023 (Annex)
08 Sep 2023 (Annex)
    30 Jun 2023
    Tatmadaw (Armed forces of Myanmar)
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning measures taken by the State Administration Council (SAC), which have harmed judicial independence, the right to a fair trial, and the work of lawyers in Myanmar.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    27 Jun 2023
    Georgia
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
Information received concerning the alleged refusal of entry to Georgia for human rights defenders Ms. Dariana Gryaznova and Mr. Evgenii Smirnov and the alleged recognition as a “threat to national security” and revocation of the residence permit of the latter, all of which were allegedly related to their legitimate human rights work, as well as the allegations that they have not been provided with information and documents concerning these decisions.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    26 Jun 2023
    Lebanon
    JOL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information reçue concernant des allégations de restrictions à la liberté d'expression des avocats et des juges au Liban, causées par les modifications apportées par l'Ordre des avocats de Beyrouth au chapitre six du Code de déontologie des avocats ; et circulaires approuvées par le ministre intérimaire de la justice qui s'appliquent aux juges.
Alleged victims: 15
More details...
    19 Jun 2023
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • torture
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Russian Federation
Information received concerning the alleged targeting of Crew Against Torture, a human rights non-governmental organisation working to provide assistance, through investigation and legal representation, to alleged victims of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    15 Jun 2023
    Philippines
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
information we have received concerning the vulnerable situation of lawyers and judges in the Philippines, specifically the killing of Juan Macababbad and the attempted killing of Angelo Karlo Guillen, both human rights lawyers; as well as the surveillance, threats and “red-tagging” of Catherine Salucon, Edre Olalia, and Maria Sol Taule, who are all lawyers and members of the National Union of People’s Lawyers (“NUPL”).
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    15 Jun 2023
    Algeria
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • terrorism
Information reçues concernant le harcèlement judiciaire des défenseurs des droits de l'homme, Kaddour Chouicha et Jamila Loukil, membres d'une organisation bien connue des droits de l'homme, la LADDH, dissoute sans recours judiciaire entre 2021 et 2022.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
12 Aug 2023
    13 Jun 2023
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • minority issues
Information received concerning Mr. Ali Mojadam, Mr. Moein Khanfari, Mr. Mohammad Reza Moghadam, Mr. Salem Mousavi, Mr. Adnan Ghobeishavi and Mr. Habib Deris – from the Ahwazi Arab ethnic minority have been recently accused and charged of terrorism offenses (Baghi), however, there is a serious doubt regarding the legal basis of those accusations and the legal proceedings in place during the detentions and trial of the victims.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
24 Aug 2023
    12 Jun 2023
    Niger
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Informations reçues concernant des allégations d’arrestations et de détentions de quatre défenseurs des droits de l’homme pour avoir exercé leurs droits à la liberté d’expression, de réunion pacifique et d’association. Nous attirons également votre attention sur des allégations d’harcèlement judiciaire et des procédures judiciaires irrégulières envers quatre défenseurs des droits humains.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
12 Jul 2023
    31 May 2023
    Sao Tome and Principe
    JAL
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant les allégations de torture et autres peines ou traitements cruels, inhumains ou dégradants infligés à cinq civils, dont quatre d’entre eux seraient décédés en détention : M. Isaac da Gloria Lopes Afonso, M. Gonçalo Evaristo Bonfim, M. Isiquias Lopes Afonso et M. Arlécio Costa. Ces violences auraient été perpétrées par des membres des forces armées de Sao Tomé-et-Principe lors des événements du 25 novembre 2022. Nous avons également reçu des allégations, à la suite de ces évènements, faisant état de négligence à fournir des soins médicaux nécessaires aux personnes détenues, y compris à M. Bruno Afonso Dos Santos Lima (Lucas), ainsi que des menaces et des actes d'intimidation à l'encontre des personnes associées aux victimes et de leurs représentants légaux.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
10 Jun 2023
    30 May 2023
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informations reçues concernant Mme Sihem Bensedrine, ancienne présidente de l’Instance Vérité et Dignité (IVD), qui a été interdite de quitter le pays après avoir été inculpée dans le cadre d'une enquête sur le rapport final de cette instance qu'elle a présidée sur les crimes commis sous la dictature. Le rapport a été publié au Journal Officiel conformément à la loi et fait donc désormais partie du cadre juridique tunisien.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
08 Dec 2023
    26 May 2023
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • terrorism
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Information reçue concernant la situation précaire actuelle des juges et des avocats, qui semblent faire face à des schémas de harcèlement judiciaire, et sur les réseaux sociaux, sur la base des mesures prises après le décret-loi présidentiel 2022-11 (et sa modification par le décret-loi 2022-35), et le décret 2022-516.
Alleged victims: 11
More details...
    25 May 2023
    Belarus
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • Belarus
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Follow-up on the cases of Messrs Siarhei Tsikhanouski, Viktar Babaryka, and Maksim Znak based on new information received, including allegations of incommunicado detention of individuals sentenced on politically motivated charges, denial of visits by family members, lawyers and independent physicians, denial of communication and correspondence and concerns of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or torture that endanger their health and life, and danger that they are subjected to enforced disappearance.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    24 May 2023
    Morocco
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant la détérioration des conditions de détention de trois défenseurs des droits de l’homme condamnés à de longues peines de prison, MM Al-Hussein Al-Bashir Ibrahim, Khatri Dadda, Naama Asfari. Cette lettre fait suite aux communications précédentes envoyées au Gouvernement de votre Excellence concernant les trois défenseurs des droits humains, y compris la communication MAR 5/2021 datée du 7 janvier 2021. Nous remercions le Gouvernement de votre Excellence pour les réponses fournies le 8 janvier 2021, le 27 janvier 2021, le 9 mars 2021 et le 12 avril 2021.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
24 Jul 2023
    24 May 2023
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the sentencing of three human rights defenders by the Terrorism Circuit of the Emergency State Security Court in a trial that lacked due process after they were arrested arbitrarily in 2018 and subjected to enforced disappearance, ill treatment amounting to torture, and poor detention conditions.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
19 Jul 2023 (Ack.)
02 Aug 2023
    19 May 2023
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
Information received concerning Mr. Toomaj Salehi, an Iranian musician who was violently arrested and is being detained for supporting the peaceful protests as well as for raising his voice through protest songs. Mr. Toomaj Salehi is charged with multiple counts, including “corruption on earth” (efsad-e fel arz), a capital offence under Iran’s strict interpretation of Islamic law and is therefore facing death penalty. He is also charged with spreading propaganda against the government, formation and management of illegal groups with the aim of undermining national security, collaboration with hostile government and spreading lies and inciting violence through cyberspace.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
31 Jul 2023
    18 May 2023
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Information received concerning the case of Mr. Majid Kazemi (aged 30), Mr. Saeed Yaghoubi (aged 37), Mr. Saleh Mirhashemi (aged 36), who were arrested on 21 November 2022. The three men are accused of taken part of the killing of three Iranian officials and are now at risk of imminent execution after being sentenced to death for the charge of moharebeh (“enmity against God”).
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
20 Jun 2023
    17 May 2023
    El Salvador
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • terrorism
Información recibida sobre la renovación del Estado de Emergencia en El Salvador y la aprobación de reformas legales que restringen las garantías del debido proceso y sobrecargan el sistema judicial en el país e impactan la administración de justicia para todas las personas en El Salvador.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
15 Jul 2023
    16 May 2023
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Information received concerning Mr. Jamshid Sharmahd, aged 68, a German-Iranian software engineer and journalist based in the United States who was kidnapped, forcibly disappeared and detained by the Iranian authorities in Dubai in July 2020 and is now at risk of execution after being sentenced to death for “corruption on earth” (efsad-e fel-arz) following an unfair trial. Throughout his time in detention, Mr. Jamshid Sharmahd has not had access to a lawyer of his choice. Also, the Iranian authorities have denied consular access to Mr. Sharmahd, despite his German nationality.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
11 Jul 2023
11 Jul 2023 (Annex)
    12 May 2023
    Türkiye
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning a wide-scale police operation that was carried out in 21 Turkish provinces on 25 April 2023 to arrest and detain over 120 individuals on suspicion of terrorism and their alleged ties to the Kurdistan Workers Party.
Alleged victims: 126
More details...
14 Aug 2023
    12 May 2023
    Tajikistan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received on the alleged arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance and criminalisation of human rights defenders Mr. Daler Bobiev, Mr. Avazmad Ghurbatov, Mr. Zavqibek Sohibov, Mr. Abdusattor Kotibov, Mr. Abdulmajid Rizoev, Ms. Ulfathonim Mamadshoeva, Mr. Manuchekhr Kholiknazarov, Mr. Faromuz Irgashov, and Mr. Khushruz Djumaev.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
    12 May 2023
    China
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the sentencing of human rights defenders and lawyers Messrs. Xu Zhiyong, Ding Jiaxi and Qin Yongpei.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
21 Jul 2023
    10 May 2023
    Iraq
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the alleged recent imposition of additional requirements for survivors to file a criminal complaint to be eligible for reparation under the Yazidi Survivors Law (YSL), and associated by-laws, addressed to victims of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) from the Yazidi, Christian, Turkmen, and Shabak communities, which substantially impair the realizaiton of the rights of survivors to reparation as stipulated under the law and international standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 May 2023
    Russian Federation
    JUA
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received on the punitive conditions of his continuing detention which are affecting his health status, reported to be rapidly deteriorating, with dangerous, life-threatening consequences.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    28 Apr 2023
    Sri Lanka
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Concern on the recently proposed Anti-Terrorism Act (ATA) published on 17 March 2023, which represents the latest development of your Excellency’s Government response to the challenges posed by the Prevention of Terrorism Act of 1979 (PTA) and the Rehabilitation Bill passed by the Sri Lankan Parliament on 18 January 2023. This legislation followed previously proposed legislation which sought to establish a Bureau for the Rehabilitation of ‘drug addicts, war warriors, and violent extremists.’ We note that revisions to the Rehabilitation Bill following a decision of the Supreme Court do not adhere in certain regards to fundamental rights enshrined in the Constitution, in our view have not remedied the substantive deficiencies of the legislation, and therefore place many of its provisions in direct contradiction with the international human rights law obligations of your Excellency’s Government.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    25 Apr 2023
    Singapore
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
Information received concerning the risk of imminent execution of Mr. Tangaraju s/o Suppiah, a 46-year-old Singaporean Tamil national, scheduled for 26 April 2023, for drug related offenses that do not meet the threshold for “most serious crimes” in a context that continues to indicate a highly alarming issuance of execution notices for this type of offence in the country.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Jun 2023
    19 Apr 2023
    China
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning provisions of the National Security Law, amendments to the Legal Aid Scheme, and proposed amendments to the Legal Practitioners Bill in Hong Kong.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Jun 2023
23 Jun 2023
    12 Apr 2023
    Mr. Amir Khan Muttaqi
    JUA
  • Afghanistan
  • education
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arbitrary detention of Mr. Matiullah Wesa and Mr Rasoul Parsi Abdi.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
17 May 2023
    31 Mar 2023
    Viet Nam
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning criminal investigation launched by the Long An Police, Long An Province (Viet Nam), against one of the most prominent human rights lawyers and human rights defenders in Viet Nam, Mr. Dang Dinh Manh.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    31 Mar 2023
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
Information received regarding growing discrimination and rising incidents of hate speech and incitement to violence against the Ahmadi religious minority in Pakistan, including attacks against places of worship and other acts of intimidation.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    31 Mar 2023
    Mr. Amir Khan Muttaqi
    JAL
  • Afghanistan
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arbitrary detention of Mr. Behboudi, an international journalist, human rights defender, and documentary-maker focusing on issues such as mass migration, women and minority rights and the co-founder of the independent news website Guiti.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    30 Mar 2023
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning allegations of judicial harassment of human rights defenders, including a prominent human rights lawyer and a leading woman human rights defender, as well as infringement of their freedoms of expression and of association because of their online activism.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    29 Mar 2023
    Iraq
    JAL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the harassment and threats, as well as prosecution based on criminal defamation laws against Mr. Sarmad Al Taee, a writer and journalist, Mr. Saadoun Damad, a presenter for Al-Iraqiya TV channel and host of talk show “Al-Mouhayed”, Mr. Mohamed Jabber, presenter for Zagros TV channel and host of talk show “Biwodoh”, and Mr. Ahmed Yahya Issa Rubaye, assistant professor at the Department of Chemistry at Basra university and anti-corruption defender.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    27 Mar 2023
    Uganda
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning allegations of interference in the judicial independence of a Justice Esther Kitimbo Kisaakye of the Supreme Court of Uganda, as well as the subjection of that Justice to allegedly unfair disciplinary procedures, possibly in retaliation for carrying out her judicial functions.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    27 Mar 2023
    Singapore
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning allegations of judicial harassment and intimidation of human rights defenders and capital defense lawyers defending inmates on death row, including being subjected to punitive cost orders that risk obstructing inmates’ access to legal counsel and right to a fair trial.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
26 May 2023
    27 Mar 2023
    Lebanon
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant des ingérences dans le processus judiciaire, ce qui causent des délais indus et préjudiciables, et des préoccupations que la justice ne soit être établie dans l’affaire d’explosion qui est lieu le 4 d’août 2020 (« l’explosion du port de Beyrouth »).
Alleged victims: 300001
More details...
18 Aug 2023
    17 Mar 2023
    China
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning multiple cases filed against Jimmy Lai Chee-ying (Jimmy Lai), founder of the pro-democracy newspaper Apple Daily, under various legal provisions, including the National Security Law.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
01 May 2023
    27 Feb 2023
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged impromptu inspection and dissolution of the Moscow Helsinki Group. The Moscow Helsinki Group (“MHG”) is the oldest Russian human rights organisation. Since 1976, it has been monitoring and documenting human rights violations, providing legal assistance in human rights cases, taking measures to bring Russian legislation and law enforcement practice in line with international human rights obligations, and improving public oversight over the activities of public authorities. The MHG has also been organizing a human rights movement in Russia and protecting other human rights defenders.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
27 Apr 2023
    23 Feb 2023
    Mexico
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informacion recivida en relación con la presunta detención arbitraria del defensor de los derechos humanos Francisco González Arredondo.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
20 Apr 2023
20 Apr 2023 (Annex)
    20 Feb 2023
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women and girls
Information received concerning the ongoing prosecution of Ms. Rozina Islam, an investigate journalist for Prothom Alo newspaper.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    16 Feb 2023
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the administration of the death penalty in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in cases of crimes allegedly committed by offenders under the age of eighteen.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
14 Apr 2023
    16 Feb 2023
    Israel
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Comments and advice regarding a set of proposals put forward by the Minister of Justice, which, if enacted without significant alteration, I believe would seriously undermine the independence of courts in Israel, including the Supreme Court. The proposals include measures that could harm the independence of legal advisers charged with guiding government ministries. Recalling that one of the main purposes of an independent judiciary is to protect human rights and check power that would endanger such rights, I have various comments regarding the compatibility of these legislative proposals with the international human rights law obligations binding on Israel.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    08 Feb 2023
    Spain
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Información en relación con las presuntas detenciones arbitrarias, persecuciones judiciales y políticas, e intimidaciones en contra de las y los líderes políticos Oriol Junqueras I Vies, Marta Rovira I Vergés, Raul Romeva I Rueda, Josep Maria Jové I Llado, Lluís Salvadó I Tenesa, Roger Torrent I Ramió, Jordi Solé I Ferrando y Pol Serena I Rius en el contexto del conflicto catalán-español, vinculadas al referéndum sobre la independencia de Cataluña, que tuvo lugar en octubre de 2017, y las protestas pacíficas posteriores.
Alleged victims: 8
More details...
04 Apr 2023
18 Apr 2023 (Annex)
    26 Jan 2023
    Lebanon
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Suivi sur le cas de M. Lokman Mohsen Slim, un éminent intellectuel libanais qui aurait été tué le 4 février 2021 au Liban. Nous avons porté cette affaire à l'attention du gouvernement de votre Excellence en mars 2021.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jan 2023
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • violence against women and girls
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women and girls
Informations reçues concernant le harcèlement et la campagne d’intimidation menée à l’encontre de madame Hasna Ben Slimane, juge tunisienne, ex-membre du conseil de l’ISIE, ancienne ministre chargée de la Fonction Publique et ancienne ministre de la Justice par intérim, dans un contexte politique de mise à mal de l’indépendance du pouvoir judiciaire en Tunisie. Hasna Ben Slimane fut membre du gouvernement de Hichem Mechichi du 2 septembre 2020 au 25 juillet 2021.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jan 2023
    Eswatini
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the assassination of human rights defender and lawyer Thulani Maseko.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Feb 2023
    23 Jan 2023
    Tunisia
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Informations reçues concernant le décret-loi No. 2022-54 relatif à la lutte contre les infractions relatives aux systèmes d’informations et de communication (ci-après « le décret-loi »), adopté le 13 septembre 2022, pour lequel nous exprimons nos profondes préoccupations quant à sa compatibilité avec les normes et standards relatifs aux droits à la liberté de d’expression, de la presse, de l’indépendance des avocats, d’association et à la vie privée. Plus généralement, nous nous préoccupons du fait que cette nouvelle mesure législative, adoptée quelques mois avant les élections législatives, s’inscrit dans une tendance générale de restrictions croissantes aux libertés fondamentales, à la liberté d’expression et au débat libre et pluriel, qui sont les caractéristiques d’une société libre et démocratique.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    18 Jan 2023
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Information received concerning interferences with the legal profession, affecting those protestors who have been detained, accused and tried, in the current context of ongoing mass protests and unrest sparked by the death of Jina Mahsa Amini in September 2022. We aslo bring to your attention reports of the arrest and judicial harassment of seven lawyers working on human rights cases, Mostafa Nili, Arash Keykhosravi, Astareh Ansari, Bahareh Sahraian- Jahromi, Nazanin Salary, Mahmoud Taravat- Roui, and Babak Paknia, which suggest a possible pattern of interference with the legal profession, contrary to human rights laws and standards
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
22 Jun 2023
    17 Jan 2023
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
Information received concerning harassment and death threats against Mr. Shahanur Islam, a lawyer, allegedly for his legitimate activities in exercise of the legal profession.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    11 Jan 2023
    United States of America
    JAL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • executions
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • older persons
Information received concerning the continuing deterioration in the physical and mental health of detainee Mr. Nashwan al-Tamir, allegedly due to systematic shortcomings in medical expertise, equipment, treatment, and accommodations at the Guantánamo Bay detention facility and naval station.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 May 2023
    03 Jan 2023
    Nicaragua
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • older persons
  • terrorism
Información recibida en relación con el Señor Oscar René Vargas Escobar, una persona privada de libertad de 76 años de edad en precario estado de salud, que se encuentra en condiciones inhumanas de detencion y cuya vida podría correr peligro si no recibe atención médica inmediata. Su detención y el acceso estrechamente limitado a la atención médica se producirían en el contexto más amplio de condiciones carcelarias inadecuadas de personas detenidas arbitrariamente en Nicaragua.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    29 Dec 2022
    Twitter Inc.
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • climate change
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • education
  • food
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • terrorism
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Information received regarding harmful impact of hate speech, incitement to hatred and racism targeting people of African descent and spreading on social media such as Twitter. It is especially alarming given the inadequacy of the responses and solutions put in place to counter them.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    29 Dec 2022
    Google
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • climate change
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • education
  • food
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • terrorism
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the harmful impact of hate speech, incitement to hatred and racism targeting people of African descent and spreading on social media. It is especially alarming given the inadequacy of the responses and solutions put in place to counter them.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    29 Dec 2022
    Facebook
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • climate change
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • education
  • food
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • terrorism
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Information received regarding harmful impact of hate speech, incitement to hatred and racism targeting people of African descent and spreading on social media such as Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp. It is especially alarming given the inadequacy of the responses and solutions put in place to counter them.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    29 Dec 2022
    Apple
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • climate change
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • education
  • food
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • terrorism
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the harmful impact of hate speech, including misogynistic hate speech, incitement to hatred and racism targeting people of African descent and spreading on social media, especially alarming given the inadequacy of the responses and solutions put in place to counter them.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
13 Mar 2023
    23 Dec 2022
    Belarus
    JOL
  • Belarus
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning amendments to law No. 136-Z "On Citizenship of the Republic of Belarus" allowing for the deprivation of nationality as a punitive measure and the application of the new Criminal Procedure Code provisions on trials in absentia. We have doubts about the compatibility of these legislative provisions and their implementation with the international human rights law obligations binding on Belarus. Namely, in terms of their potential negative impact on the right to a nationality and the right to a fair trial, the denial of which would profoundly affect the enjoyment of all other fundamental rights. Furthermore, there could be a potential intimidatory effect of this legislation purporting to limit the exercise of fundamental freedoms, including those of opinion and expression as well as of peaceful assembly and association by Belarusian nationals abroad, preventing them from uniting in any structures, participating in public actions, or expressing dissenting views and criticism towards the current governance.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    21 Dec 2022
    Guinea-Bissau
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant des violences et des attaques à l’encontre de M. Marcelino Intupé. L’avocat et analyste juridique M. Marcelino Intupé exerce des fonctions en Guinée-Bissau et est particulièrement connu pour défendre des personnes qui ne disposent pas de moyens suffisants pour avoir recours à un conseil. Il est également commentateur d'une émission radio d'analyse de l'actualité politique en Guinée-Bissau.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    19 Dec 2022
    Thailand
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • housing
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received regarding Mr. Sunai Phasuk and Ms. Waraporn Utairangsee, Thai human rights defenders who are being investigated and charged, respectively, by the Royal Thai Police under Thailand’s Computer Crime Act and Criminal Code for their work on the protection of victims of torture and indigenous rights.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
03 Jan 2023 (Ack.)
08 May 2023
    19 Dec 2022
    Guatemala
    JOL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la iniciativa de ley número 6099 intitulada "Ley para el fortalecimiento de la paz”, que persigue establecer extinción de la responsabilidad penal y de la pena por amnistía absoluta de los responsables de delitos y graves violaciones a los derechos humanos cometidos durante el conflicto armado interno de Guatemala.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 Dec 2022
    09 Dec 2022
    Zimbabwe
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information concerning the successive assaults and detentions carried out against Mr. Douglas James Coltart by Zimbabwean police and security forces, in connection with the legitimate exercise of his professional activities.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    22 Nov 2022
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información redcibida en relación con los procesos judiciales abiertos contra operadores de justicia a raíz de su trabajo en casos de corrupción o de violaciones de derechos humanos. Los casos se refieren a la Sra. Virginia Laparra Rivas, ex fiscal Jefa de la Fiscalía Especial Contra la Impunidad (FECI) en Quetzaltenango; y el Sr. Miguel Ángel Gálvez, quien hasta hace unos días era titular del Juzgado de Primera Instancia Penal, Narcoactividad y Delitos de Mayor Riesgo “B”.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
23 Jan 2023 (Annex)
    31 Oct 2022
    Iraq
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning Mr. Mohammad Jumaa an Iraqi human rights lawyer who is, most notably, providing legal assistance to women victims of domestic violence. Since August 2022, he has been subject to disciplinary proceedings after speaking out on women’s rights issues.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    28 Oct 2022
    Israel
    JAL
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • terrorism
Information received concerning Israel’s State policy of withholding the remains of deceased Palestinians and the lack of effective remedies for family members of the deceased.
Alleged victims: 16
More details...
    24 Oct 2022
    Syrian Arab Republic
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information concerning the structure of the Judiciary that does not ensure its independence and the right to the guarantees of fair trial.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
22 Dec 2022
    24 Oct 2022
    Comoros
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
Informations avons reçues concernant M. Ahmed Sambi, originaire de l'île d'Anjouan, Président de l’Union des Comores de 2006 à 2011.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    21 Oct 2022
    Argentina
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida, en relación con la Magistrada María Alejandra Mauricio, Jueza del Primer Juzgado Penal Colegiado en Mendoza, Argentina.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
21 Dec 2022 (Ack.)
    19 Oct 2022
    United States of America
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Information received regarding the alleged continuing actual and potential human rights impacts of the Mayan Train Development Project (the Project) and the lack of substantive measures from the Mexican Government and involved businesses to prevent, mitigate and redress them.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Oct 2022
    Spain
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Información recibida en relación con afectaciones reales y potenciales del Proyecto de Desarrollo del Tren Mayaen materia de derechos humanos, , involucranda empresas domiciliadas en Espana , y la falta de medidas significativas por parte del Gobierno Mexicano y las empresas para prevenir, mitigar y repararlas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Dec 2022
    19 Oct 2022
    Operadora Cisca y Casco
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Información recibida en relación con las afectaciones reales y potenciales del Proyecto de Desarrollo del Tren Maya en materia de derechos humanos y la falta de medidas significativas por parte del Gobierno Mexicano y las empresas involucradas para prevenir, mitigar y repararlas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
22 Nov 2022
    19 Oct 2022
    Mota-Engil
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Información recibida en relación con las afectaciones reales y potenciales del Proyecto de Desarrollo del Tren Maya en materia de derechos humanos y la falta de medidas significativas por parte del Gobierno y las empresas para prevenir, mitigar y repararlas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Oct 2022
    Mexico
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Información recibida sobre la continuación de las afectaciones reales y potenciales del Proyecto de Desarrollo del Tren Maya en materia de derechos humanos y la falta de medidas significativas por parte del Gobierno para prevenir, mitigar y repararlas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
08 Dec 2022
    19 Oct 2022
    JP Morgan
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Information received regarding the actual and potential human rights impacts of the Mayan Train Development Project and the lack of meaningful measures from the Mexican Government and the involved businesses to prevent, mitigate and redress them.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Oct 2022
    Grupo Indi
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Información recibida en relación con las afectaciones reales y potenciales del Proyecto de Desarrollo del Tren Maya en materia de derechos humanos y la falta de medidas significativas por parte del Gobierno Mexicano y de las empresas involucradas para prevenir, mitigar y repararlas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Oct 2022
    Grupo Azvi
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Información recibida en relación a la continuación de las afectaciones reales y potenciales del Proyecto de Desarrollo del Tren Maya en materia de derechos humanos y la falta de medidas sustantivas por parte del Gobierno Mexicano y de las empresas involucradas para prevenir, mitigar y repararlas. En septiembre de 2020, varios de las y los expertos de la ONU que le dirigen esa carta ya habían manifestado su preocupación en relación con los posibles impactos del proyecto para los Pueblos y comunidades Indígenas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Oct 2022
    FCC Construcción
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Información recibida en relación con las afectaciones reales y potenciales del Proyecto de Desarrollo del Tren Maya en materia de derechos humanos y la falta de medidas significativas por parte del Gobierno Mexicano y de las empresas involucradas para prevenir, mitigar y repararlas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Oct 2022
    China Communications Construction Company, Ltd.
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Information received concerning the alleged continuing actual and potential human rights impacts of the Mayan Train Development Project (the Project) and the lack of substantive measures from the Mexican Government and involved businesses to prevent, mitigate and redress them.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Oct 2022
    China
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Information received regarding the actual and potential human rights impacts of the Mayan Train Development Project and the lack of meaningful measures from the government of Mexico and the involved businesses to prevent, mitigate and redress them.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Oct 2022
    BlackRock Inc.
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • development
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • racism
Information received regarding the actual and potential human rights impacts of the Mayan Train Development Project and the lack of meaningful measures from the Mexican Government and involved businesses to prevent, mitigate and redress them.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Oct 2022
    United Republic of Tanzania
    JAL
  • health
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • education
  • executions
  • food
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Information concerning the trial of Ms. Veronica Gabriel, a survivor of gender-based and domestic violence, incarcerated in Tanzania, who gave birth of her sixth child while deprived of her liberty. She reportedly also suffers from mental illness and intellectual disability and has allegedly not received appropriate physical and mental health care and support while in detention.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    14 Oct 2022
    Türkiye
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information regarding lack of independence of the judges who oversaw the lawsuits regarding Türkiye’s withdrawal from the Istanbul convention, as well as procedural issues that may have impacted the right to a fair hearing of the people and organizations in the country protesting this Presidential Decision.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
09 Dec 2022
    07 Oct 2022
    Spain
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información indicando que el Juez Baltasar Garzón, habría sido víctima de persecución y represalias por sus investigaciones e interpretaciones judiciales; habría sido sometido a dos procesos penales por prevaricación ante el Tribunal Supremo de España; habría sido suspendido de sus funciones en mayo de 2010; y posteriormente, condenado y suspendido de su cargo por 11 años en 2012.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    04 Oct 2022
    Morocco
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Informations reçues concernant le juriste sahraoui et défenseur des droits de l'homme M`hamed Hali qui a été arbitrairement privé de son droit d'exercer la profession d'avocat dans le système judiciaire marocain en raison d'opinions exprimées en faveur du droit à l'autodétermination du peuple de Sahara occidental.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
02 Dec 2022
    21 Sep 2022
    Lebanon
    JAL
  • executions
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
Informations reçues concernant l'absence d'enquêtes efficaces et indépendantes, visant à identifier des personnes décédées ou disparues et à clarifier les causes et les circonstances de leur décès, suite au naufrage survenu au large des côtes de Tripoli le 23 avril 2022, et ayant entraîné la mort d'au moins sept personnes, tandis que 33 personnes sont toujours portées disparues. Cet incident semble s'inscrire dans un contexte marqué par une absence de volonté d’enquêter et d'une impunité endémique s’agissant d’accidents de navires impliquant des personnes en situation de déplacement, notamment des migrants, des réfugiés et des demandeurs d'asile.
Alleged victims: 59
More details...
29 Nov 2022
    15 Sep 2022
    Iraq
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • terrorism
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the alleged failure of the Iraqi Government to conduct prompt, impartial and effective investigations into the disappearances and potentially unlawful deaths of victims of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), and to criminally prosecute and sanction the perpetrators of those crimes and to provide full reparation to victims, in line with international standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    09 Sep 2022
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and administrative charges against Mr. Edem Semedliaev, Ms. Emine Avamileva, and two other persons, as well as the alleged arbitrary detention of the latter three, all of which was reportedly in connection with their legitimate human rights work, exercise of their legal profession and the freedom of expression.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
09 Nov 2022
    02 Sep 2022
    Egypt
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received regarding harassment and interference with the work of a lawyer defending a high-profile case, in which the accused faces the death penalty.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Apr 2023
    31 Aug 2022
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • human rights defenders
Information concerning the disbarment of three Ukrainian human rights lawyers, Ms. Lilia Ibrahimovna Hemedzhy, Nazim Nuriievych Sheikhmambetov, and Rustem Nuriievych Kiamelev, allegedly as a result of the legitimate exercise of the legal profession.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
09 Sep 2022
    29 Aug 2022
    Sudan
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Information concerning the repeated allegations of sexual harassment and sexual abuse by the security forces against women and girls in the context of peaceful demonstrations, as well as of the continuous allegations of killing and injuring of individuals due to the use of unlawful and excessive force against peaceful protesters, and the use of lethal force; alleged arbitrary detention of activists, human rights defenders and individuals associated with the demonstrations, including of children; attacks on medical facilities obstructing the injured protesters access to health; and prolonged internet shutdowns to prevent access to information ahead of and during demonstrations. Additionally, we would like to bring to your attention concerns related to the increase of sexual and gender-based violence against women in the conflict affected-areas, as the insecurity has increased since the military coup of 25 October 2021 in Sudan. We are concerned that these continuous violations, conducted with impunity, in addition to constituting serious human rights violations, also severely restrict the civic space and create a hostile environment for the participation in public affairs, especially for women and girls.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    22 Aug 2022
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Information concernant des harcèlements et des menaces subites par le Président de l’AMT de la part du pouvoir exécutif à travers l’inspection générale du ministère de la justice.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    22 Aug 2022
    Russian Federation
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information concerning the continued detention and criminalisation of Mrs. Zarema Musaeva, allegedly in relation to the legitimate human rights work of her son, human rights defender Mr. Abubakar Iangulbaev, as well as the lack of protective measures despite the death threats from the local public officials and the lack of specialised medical care in detention.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
14 Oct 2022
    17 Aug 2022
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JOL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • migrants
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
Information regarding some of the provisions of the draft Bill of Rights that may undermine the enjoyment of human rights in the UK, including, in particular, the rights to fair trial, effective remedy, equality before the courts, equality before the law, and non-discrimination.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    17 Aug 2022
    Kiribati
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning actions taken by the Executive to reportedly shorten the appointment of high court judge David Lambourne and the ensuing judicial crisis in Kiribati.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    12 Aug 2022
    Nicaragua
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • older persons
  • terrorism
  • violence against women and girls
  • women and girls
Información recibida relación con las defensoras de derechos humanos privadas de la libertad Sra. Nidia Lorena Barbosa Castillo, Sra. Rusia Evelyn Pinto Centeno y Sra. María Esperanza Sánchez García, que se encuentran en grave estado de salud y cuya vida podría correr peligro si no reciben atención médica especializada urgente. Su detención y el acceso estrechamente limitado a la atención médica se producirían en el contexto más amplio de condiciones carcelarias inadecuadas de personas detenidas arbitrariamente en Nicaragua.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    08 Aug 2022
    Belarus
    JUA
  • Belarus
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information concerning the case of Mr. Autukhovich, who is protesting on hunger strike against his complete deprivation of access to correspondence and access to outside information.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
    03 Aug 2022
    Singapore
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
  • minority issues
  • racism
Information we have received concerning Mr. Abdul Rahim bin Shapiee, a Singaporean national of Malay ethnicity convicted for drug possession for the purpose of trafficking, scheduled to be executed on 5 August 2022.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
16 Sep 2022
    29 Jul 2022
    India
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the continued lack of identification and preservation of unmarked and mass grave sites in Indian-administered Kashmir, including the failure to conduct forensic investigations, search processes for the forcibly disappeared, and the lack of progress in identifying the remains of individuals buried in these graves in accordance with international standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
26 Sep 2022 (Ack.)
    26 Jul 2022
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
Información recibida sobre el proceso de criminalización en contra de la defensora de derechos humanos Claudia Paz y Paz y otros hechos en contra de defensoras de derechos humanos que trabajan en el ámbito de la justicia en Guatemala.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Sep 2022
    25 Jul 2022
    Uzbekistan
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning recent statements made by the newly-appointed Chairman of the Supreme Court.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    05 Jul 2022
    Singapore
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
  • minority issues
Information received concerning the case of Mr. Kalwant Singh a/l Jogindar Singh, a Malaysian national convicted for drug trafficking and drug possession, scheduled to be executed on 7 July 2022.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    28 Jun 2022
    Italy
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received the case of a Moldovan national living in Venice whose former partner has relatives in the Venice Tribunal which has reportedly impeded her access to an impartial tribunal in separation, custody and criminal cases
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Mar 2023
    27 Jun 2022
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the imposition of the death penalty on Mr. Junaid Hafeez for charges of blasphemy, which do not meet the threshold of “most serious crimes” as required under international law when the death penalty is imposed.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jun 2022
    El Salvador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la falta de garantías básicas de un juicio justo y del debido proceso en cuatro procesos judiciales en contra del Sr. Rais a raíz de una presunta deuda, en un contexto nacional de las reformas judiciales realizadas por el Congreso Nacional en 2021, especialmente las relacionadas con la estabilidad laboral de los magistrados.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Aug 2022
    24 Jun 2022
    Costa Rica
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre presuntas faltas a las garantías procesales, confusión de jurisdicción y presiones de la fiscalía en el caso contra el Sr. Cerdas Araya que habrían afectado su derecho a un juicio justo.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
22 Aug 2022
24 Aug 2022
    09 Jun 2022
    Tunisia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations concernant des violations présumées de l'indépendance de la justice en Tunisie après la dissolution du Conseil supérieur de la magistrature, par décret-loi présidentiel 2022-11, ainsi que la révocation de 57 magistrats par décret présidentiel 2022 - 516, suite à la modification du décrét-loi 2022-11 par le décret-loi 2022-35.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    01 Jun 2022
    El Salvador
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Información recibida en relación con las alegaciones de presuntas violaciones de derechos humanos, o el posible riesgo de ellas, en el marco del Régimen de Excepción y reformas a la legislación penal implementadas recientemente en El Salvador, lo que podría estar conduciendo a un uso excesivo de la fuerza por parte de agentes policiales y militares y a la detención potencialmente arbitraria de cientos de personas sin orden de arresto, en ocasiones sometidas a desapariciones forzadas de corta duración, algunas de las cuales habrían sido sometidas a torturas o tratos crueles, inhumanos o degradantes.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
29 Jul 2022
    30 May 2022
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la remoción de magistrados y sucesiva designación de un nuevo Tribunal Supremo de Justicia en Venezuela, así como de otros funcionarios del Poder Judicial, tras una reforma a la ley orgánica del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia, que presuntamente amenaza la independencia y autonomía de los jueces y en general de sistema de Justicia.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 May 2022
    Colombia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con presuntas afectaciones al ejercicio libre de la abogacía del Sr. Rodrigo Escobar Gil, un abogado constitucionalista, muy reconocido, dentro del contexto de una extensa cobertura mediática negativa de su caso así como de declaraciones públicas de la Fiscalía, que habrían afectado su derecho a un juicio justo.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
25 Jul 2022
    25 May 2022
    Egypt
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, enforced disappearance and arbitrary detention of human rights lawyer, Mr. Youssef Mansour.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    03 May 2022
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning the interference with and detention of an attorney and a human rights defender attempting to defend protestors of the war against Ukraine that had been detained at a police station in St. Petersburg.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
27 Jun 2022
    03 May 2022
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Information received concerning the Revolution Court’s sentencing of students Ali Younesi and Amir Hossein Moradi to sixteen years in prison on the basis of national security legislation and for spreading “propaganda against the system”, in violation of their rights to due process and fair trial.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
15 Jul 2022
    27 Apr 2022
    Argentina
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el proceso disciplinario contra la fiscal anticorrupción de la provincia de Entre Ríos, Dra. Cecilia Andrea Goyeneche, que podría constituir una represalia por los casos anticorrupción que ha investigado. La Dra. Goyeneche interpuso una acción de Amparo contra la resolución del Honorable Jurado de Enjuiciamiento de la Provincia de Entre Ríos (HJE) el 29 de diciembre de 2021
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Jun 2022
    14 Apr 2022
    Costa Rica
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
información recibida en relación con el procedimiento disciplinario y posterior sanción al juez Carlos Sánchez Miranda, ciudadano costarricense, Juez en el Juzgado de Familia del II Circuito Judicial de San José, en relación con una sentencia que dictó, en virtud de una interpretación del derecho costarricense a la luz del derecho internacional de los derechos humanos; reconociendo en sentencia la unión de hecho de una pareja del mismo sexo en Costa Rica.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
15 Jun 2022 (Ack.)
18 Jul 2022
    14 Apr 2022
    Cameroon
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information reçues concernant l’arrestation, la détention et la poursuite devant un tribunal militaire de M. Nicodemus Amungwa Tanyi, éminent avocat camerounais des droits de l'homme. M. Tanyi représente plusieurs personnes emprisonnées en relation avec la crise anglophone. M. Tanyi a été un défenseur du droit à un procès équitable de ses clients. Plus récemment, aux côtés de plusieurs autres avocats, il a boycotté la représentation de leurs clients devant le tribunal militaire pour protester contre ce qu’il a appelé la conduite injuste de ce tribunal.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    07 Apr 2022
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • housing
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Information received concerning the arrest and conviction of Mr. Hassan Sadeghi and Ms. Fatemeh Mosanna and alleged violations of their property and housing rights which appear to be justified merely for their family affiliation with a member of a dissident political-militant organization.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
25 Jul 2022
    31 Mar 2022
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con acusaciones penales y detenciones durante el mes de febrero y marzo contra fiscales y auxiliares fiscales que trabajan o han trabajado en la Fiscalía Especial contra la Impunidad (FECI) del Ministerio Público (una ex fiscal y su abogada, y tres auxiliares fiscales, y la jefa de la FECI en Quetzaltenango). Lo anterior, según se indica, a raíz de denuncias interpuestas por personas afectadas por investigaciones contra la corrupción impulsadas por los fiscales y auxiliares fiscales en el marco de sus funciones y en colaboración con la Comisión Internacional contra la Impunidad en Guatemala (CICIG). Las referidas acciones tienen elementos para sospechar que podrían además constituir represalias por sus investigaciones en materia de corrupción.
Alleged victims: 8
More details...
30 May 2022
    17 Mar 2022
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant l’usage excessif de la force lors des arrestations et des disparitions forcées alléguées de MM. Noureddine Bhiri et Fathi Beldi, dans le cadre d’une mesure d’assignation à résidence, ainsi que les mesures de représailles qui auraient été prises à l’encontre de M. Abdelrazzak Al Kilani, l’avocat de M. Bhiri.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
08 Jun 2022
    10 Mar 2022
    Belarus
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Belarus
Information received concerning the arrest, detention and conviction of Mr. Sudalenka as a possible reprisal for his human rights work and the exercise of his profession as lawyer to his clients.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    03 Mar 2022
    Yemen
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning allegations regarding irregularities in the appointment of the new Attorney General, and the subsequent strike by the Judiciary in Yemen’s Southern governorates as well as forced closure of judicial facilities are affecting access to justice and the right to a fair trial in the country.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 Feb 2022
    Colombia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con investigaciones abiertas por la Fiscalía y por la Contraloría sobre el Señor Sergio Fajardo Valderrama, líder del movimiento político compromiso ciudadano, ex Gobernador y ex Alcalde de Antioquia, sobre las cuales hay alegaciones de que no se habrían cumplido los estándares internacionales de independencia e imparcialidad. Estas investigaciones y las decisiones que en ellas se van adoptando, tendrían, entre otros, el efecto de limitar los derechos políticos del señor Fajardo.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
08 Apr 2022
    26 Jan 2022
    Ecuador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación al proceso en contra de los señores Walter Hipólito Solís, Christian Viteri, Viviana Bonilla y Roldán Alvarado en el caso conocido como “Sobornos”, respecto del cual se alegan varios hechos violatorios a la independencia judicial y la imparcialidad de los jueces y otros operadores de justicia.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
25 Mar 2022
    24 Jan 2022
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning reports of acts constituting torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment resulting in deaths of individuals under custody of the State, without subsequent independent investigation into the cause of death and without accountability for perpetrators.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
09 Mar 2022
    17 Jan 2022
    Romania
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the trial of Mr. Popoviciu, a Rumanian businessman, indicating the Judge on his case had a long-standing – and undisclosed – relationship with a key prosecution witness.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    14 Jan 2022
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Información recibida en relación con las presuntas amenazas, hostigamientos, vigilancia e intimidación en contra del Señor Engels Wladimir Puertas Ochoa, de la Sra. Theresly Malavé Wadskier y de la Sra. Yasnaia Villalobos Montiel, todas personas defensoras de derechos humanos, quienes habrían sido objeto de las citadas violaciones por su labor de promoción y tutela de los derechos humanos, y en particular a raíz de la defensa legal que ejercen en juicios relativos a casos de alto impacto en el país.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    11 Jan 2022
    Romania
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning alleged violations of the right to a trial.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    13 Dec 2021
    Belarus
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Belarus
Information received concerning the Ministry of Justice’s suspension of Ms. Matskevich from performing her professional duties in connection with the disciplinary proceedings initiated against her on the basis of the order of the former Minister of Justice. She was later excluded from the Minsk Bar Association.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
27 Jan 2022
    09 Dec 2021
    Peru
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con los actos de hostigamiento, persecución política, amenazas a la integridad física y amenazas de destitución en contra del señor Jorge Luis Salas Arenas, presidente del Jurado Nacional de Elecciones, dentro del contexto del clima de polarización política que se vive en el Perú en conexión a las elecciones presidenciales celebradas en el mes de junio de este año.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    09 Dec 2021
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
Information received concerning the alleged threats and intimidation of woman human rights defender Ms. Veronica Koman and her family, in relation to her work advocating for human rights in West Papua.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
09 Feb 2022
    07 Dec 2021
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • disappearances
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the ongoing judicial harassment against Mr. Adilur Rahman Khan and Mr. Nasiruddin Elan, respectively Secretary and Director of the human rights non-governmental organisation Odhikar. Mr. Adilur Rahman Khan is also a member of the World Organization against Torture’s (OMCT) General Assembly, and Secretary-General of the International Federation for Human Rights ( FIDH). Odhikar was founded in 1995 and advocates for civil and political rights, and reports on enforced disappearances. It is a member of various international networks.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    30 Nov 2021
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning charges of administrative offences and detention of a Ukrainian lawyer, Mr. Edem Semedliaiev, allegedly as a result of the legitimate exercise of the legal profession.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Jan 2022
    24 Nov 2021
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • international solidarity
Information received concerning the impending involuntary liquidation of the human rights organisations International Memorial Society and Human Rights Center “Memorial”.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
19 Jan 2022
    22 Nov 2021
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, detention, torture and ill-treatment, including by forced medical teatment and transfer to psychiatric hospital, of Mr. Payam Derafshan, a human rights lawyer, resulting in his critical health condition while in state custody in 2020.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
13 Jan 2022
    16 Nov 2021
    Lebanon
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
Information received concerning the alleged threats and intimidation against Mr. Mohammad Ahmad Samir Sablouh, in relation to his work as a human rights lawyer working on documenting cases and assisting victims of torture and arbitrary detention.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
18 Jan 2022
    16 Nov 2021
    Argentina
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informatión recibida en relación con la presunta vulneración de las garantías de estabilidad e inamovilidad de los jueces por un procedimiento que dejó sin efecto los acuerdos de traslado de jueces Pablo Daniel Bertuzzi y Leopoldo Bruglia.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
06 Jan 2022
    12 Nov 2021
    Egypt
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the life-threatening health status of Dr. Abdel Moniem Aboul Fotouh Abdel Hadi as a result of his conditions of detention.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    02 Nov 2021
    Jordan
    JAL
  • torture
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the case of Mr. Bassem Awadallah, who have been allegedly subjected to torture and ill-treatment to coerce him into signing self-incriminating confessions, the use of such tainted confessions as evidence in judicial proceedings, and the denial of due process.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
29 Dec 2021
    18 Oct 2021
    Argentina
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la ostensible demora en que viene incurriendo la Corte Suprema de Justicia de la República Argentina, en resolver causas por crímenes contra la humanidad y graves violaciones de los derechos humanos, incluyendo desapariciones forzadas, cometidos durante la dictadura miliar, que esperan resolución desde hace años.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
13 Apr 2023
13 Apr 2023 (Annex)
13 Apr 2023 (Annex)
13 Apr 2023 (Annex)
    14 Oct 2021
    Burundi
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant des allégations relatives à la condamnation de M. Tony Germain Nkina à cinq ans de prison.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
12 May 2022
    07 Oct 2021
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Information received concerning the sentencing of woman human rights defender and lawyer Ms. Farzaneh Zilabi to one year in prison and a two-year travel ban on the charge of “propaganda activities against the state.”
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
14 Dec 2021
    01 Oct 2021
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Information received concerning a series of legislative efforts which appear to undermine the independence of the Bar Associations in Iran.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    20 Sep 2021
    Tajikistan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received in relation to the detention, conviction and sentencing of human rights defender and lawyer Mr. Abdulmajid Rizoev.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Jan 2022
    14 Sep 2021
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the harassment and death threats against lawyer Saif-ul-Malook, allegedly in connection to the legitimate exercise of his professional activities in favour of his clients.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    14 Sep 2021
    El Salvador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación a las reformas de la Ley de la Carrera Judicial y de la Ley Orgánica de la Fiscalía General de la República, supuestamente con el fin de remover del cargo a jueces y fiscales mayores de 60 años o con más de 30 años de servicio.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Nov 2021
    13 Sep 2021
    Sudan
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the arbitrary dismissal of 151 judges from service, allegedly on the basis of a disciplinary procedure that did not comply with established international standards.
Alleged victims: 151
More details...
    17 Aug 2021
    Lebanon
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information received concerning several attacks on lawyers and the independence of the legal profession, which take the form of arbitrary arrests, physical attacks, intimidation, and harassment. The information received also concerns the alleged political interference with the independence of the judiciary.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
15 Oct 2021
    13 Aug 2021
    Egypt
    JAL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary detention of human rights defender Mr. Ramy Shaath, and the decision of the Court of Cassation to maintain his name in the terrorist entities and terrorist list; and the alleged arbitrary detention of lawyer and human rights defender Mr. Mohamed El-Baqer, and his inclusion in the terrorist entities and terrorist list.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    04 Aug 2021
    State of Palestine
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
Information received regarding the physical attack and alleged arbitrary detention of human rights defender Mr. Mohannad Karajah, and the alleged arbitrary detention of Mr. Jihad Abdo and Mr. Ezz El Din Zaaloul.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    04 Aug 2021
    Samoa
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the alleged failure of the executive branch of power to comply with certain judicial orders issued by the Supreme Court in relation to ongoing election disputes.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Jul 2021
    Guinea
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant des allégations de détention arbitraire et de condamnation à trois ans de prison ferme de M. Oumar Sylla, pour des accusations potentiellement infondées, ainsi que des conditions de détention assimilables à la torture et autres peines ou traitements cruels, inhumains ou dégradants.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Sep 2020 (Ack.)
    27 Jul 2021
    Türkiye
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the judicial harassment against and sentencing of woman human rights defender Ms. Sevda Özbingöl Çelik, as well as the judicial harassment against human rights defender Mr. Cihan Aydın.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
24 Sep 2021
    26 Jul 2021
    Morocco
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant des allégations que les journalistes Omar Radi et Soulaimane Raissouni, tout deux détenus et condamnés possiblement en lien avec leur travail journalistique, et ayant entâmé une grève de la faim, respectivement les 9 et 8 avril derniers, pour protester contre leur détention provisoire prolongée et les charges portées contre eux.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
10 Nov 2021
    19 Jul 2021
    Nicaragua
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Información recibida sobre los alegatos de acoso por parte de los autoridades en perjuicio de los miembros de la entonces Fundación Violeta Barrios de Chamorros, supuestamente por la actividad política que desempeña su ex directora; el periódico Confidencial por la presión a los medios periodísticos durante el proceso electoral; así como a Juan Sebastián Chamorro García, por su actividad política en contra del Gobierno.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    19 Jul 2021
    Cabo Verde
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • unilateral coercive measures
Informations reçues concernant l'arrestation, la détention et une procédure d'extradition arbitraire à l’encontre de M. Alex Saab Moran, Envoyé spécial et Représentant permanent par intérim du Venezuela auprès de l'Union africaine.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    16 Jul 2021
    Italy
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
  • trafficking in persons
Information received concerning an alleged pattern of wire-tapping and surveillance by public prosecutors in 2017 of several journalists, as well as staff members of humanitarian relief organisations and human rights defenders, who appear to have been covering or working on the central Mediterranean migration crisis at that time.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
04 Aug 2021
    16 Jul 2021
    Egypt
    JUA
  • executions
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the reportedly imminent execution of 12 individuals following a mass trial, which failed to meet due process and fair trial standards, marred by allegations of enforced disappearances, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and arbitrary detention.
Alleged victims: 12
More details...
08 Sep 2021 (Ack.)
    14 Jul 2021
    Mexico
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación al supuesto incumplimiento de estándares de independencia judicial, paridad de género y faltas de garantías en el proceso de selección y nombramiento de magistradas y magistrados en el Estado Libre y Soberano de Oaxaca; Estado federado de la República de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    09 Jul 2021
    Ecuador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación al proceso en contra del señor William Wallace Phillips Cooper y del señor Víctor Manuel Fontana Zamora, en el cual se alegan varios hechos violatorios sobre la posible falta a la independencia judicial y de imparcialidad de los jueces y otros operadores de justicia, incluida la Fiscalía General de la República en ese proceso específico, así como en el contexto general de las reformas judiciales realizadas a partir del Referendo del 2018.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
06 Sep 2021
    08 Jul 2021
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received in relation to the continued detention of human rights defender Mr. Hejaaz Omer Hizbullah, who has been charged with terrorism-related offences.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
07 Sep 2021
    05 Jul 2021
    Rwanda
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the continued detention of Mr. François-Xavier Byuma. Mr. François-Xavier Byuma is a human rights defender, who heads an organization for the defence of children’s rights known as Turengere Abana, which fights against the sexual exploitation and forced labour of children, based in Kigali.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    25 Jun 2021
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the continued solitary confinement of Habib Afkari and Vahid Afkari in violation of international human rights law; gross due process and fair trial violations in connection with their sentencing to long prison sentences, including the use of forced confessions as evidence and lack of investigation into torture allegations.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
07 Jul 2021
    21 Jun 2021
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • indigenous peoples
  • business
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida en relación con la criminalización, detención y violaciones a las garantías al debido proceso del Sr. Bernardo Caal Xól, líder indígena q’eqchí’ y defensor de derechos humanos de Santa María Cahabón en el departamento de Alta Verapaz, condenado a siete años y cuatro meses de prisión.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Aug 2021
    16 Jun 2021
    Morocco
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant les conditions de détention de deux défenseurs des droits humains condamnés à de longues peines de prison.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
25 Aug 2021
    16 Jun 2021
    Egypt
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the arbitrary detention of 12 human rights defenders, under investigation for the alleged commission of crimes carrying potentially lengthy prison sentences, and related allegations of grave ill-treatment and poor conditions of detention. Three of these individuals were allegedly targeted for their cooperation or attempted cooperation with the UN, its representatives and mechanisms in the field of human rights.
Alleged victims: 12
More details...
    10 Jun 2021
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the imprisonment of Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh, a lawyer and woman human rights defender, in connection with her work in defence of human rights, including on legal cases defending women and girls criminalised for protesting compulsory veiling laws, and the related harassment of her husband, Mr. Reza Khandan.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
09 Aug 2021
    09 Jun 2021
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received regarding the arrest and alleged torture and ill-treatment of journalist and human rights defender Mr. Vladyslav Yesypenko in Crimea.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Aug 2021
    07 Jun 2021
    El Salvador
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la decisión de la Sala de lo Penal de la Corte Suprema de Justicia en su sentencia casacional del 8 de septiembre de 2020, de dictar la prescripción de la acción penal contra los supuestos autores intelectuales de la llamada “Masacre de los Jesuitas”.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
16 Jul 2021
16 Jul 2021 (Annex)
17 Nov 2021
07 Feb 2022
07 Feb 2022 (Annex)
    03 Jun 2021
    Poland
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • cultural rights
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Observations and comments on the selection process for the next Commissioner for Human Rights and the future of the Office of the Commissioner for Human Rights.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Jul 2021
    27 May 2021
    Philippines
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest, harassment and criminalisation of woman human rights defender Ms. Renalyn Tejero, and the raid on the homes and subsequent arrest of human rights defenders Ms. Maria Jesusa “Sasah” Sta. Rosa and Mr. Dan Balucio.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
02 Sep 2021
    26 May 2021
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • human rights defenders
Information we have received concerning the arrest and detention of Mr. Ivan Pavlov, allegedly in connection to the legitimate exercise of his professional activities in favour of a well-known opposition leader.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
22 Jul 2021
    20 May 2021
    Türkiye
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Informationreceived concerning cases of human rights defenders who have allegedly been arbitrarily detained and sentenced to 10 years or more, or those at risk of being sentenced to 10 years or more, in connection to the promotion and defence of human rights.
Alleged victims: 22
More details...
14 Jul 2021
    18 May 2021
    Belarus
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Belarus
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information received concerning the revocation of the licenses to practice law of five lawyers who have been providing legal services to, inter alia, opposition leaders and peaceful protesters.
Alleged victims: 12
More details...
24 Jun 2021
    06 May 2021
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the detention of seventeen human rights defenders in the Islamic Republic of Iran for alleged crimes against the State in connection with their work in the promotion and protection of human rights. In particular, we wish to highlight those detentions, which carry penalties of ten years or more in prison, constituting a long-term detention, as well as where detainees are ill-treated or have access to medical facilities restricted. This letter is a follow up to previous communications sent on human rights defenders: Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh, Mr. Esmail Abdi, Mr. Soheil Arabi, Ms. Farangis Mazloum, Ms. Atena Daemi, Ms. Saba Kord Afshari, Ms. Raheleh Ahmadi, Ms. Narges Mohammadi, Ms. Sepideh Gholian, Ms. Yasaman Aryani, Ms. Monireh Arabshahi, Mr. Farhad Meysami, Ms. Golrokh Iraee, Ms. Hoda Amid and Ms. Najmeh Vahedi. It also addresses for the first time allegations concerning human rights defenders Mr. Amirsalah Davoudi and Mohammad Najafi.
Alleged victims: 18
More details...
    28 Apr 2021
    China
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the arbitrary detention of seventeen human rights defenders sentenced or under investigation or trial for the alleged commission of crimes against the State, that carry prison sentences of 10 years or more. Such crimes would have been perpetrated in connection to activities aimed to the promotion and defence of human rights and in the exercise of their public freedoms.
Alleged victims: 17
More details...
26 Jun 2021
    28 Apr 2021
    Cabo Verde
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant l’arrestation et la détention de M. Pinto Monteiro, apparemment en relation à l’exercice légitime de ses activités professionnelles en tant qu’avocat.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Apr 2021
    Nigeria
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • torture
Information received regarding the allegations of prolonged arbitrary arrest and detention of Mr. Mubarak Bala.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    20 Apr 2021
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
Información recibida en relación a la presunta desaparición forzada y detención arbitraria de los Sres. Guillermo José Zárraga Lázaro, Antonio José Sequea Torres, Oreste Alfredo Schiavo Lavieri, Eliant Felipe Cesar Carballo y Carlos Arturo Rosario Pimentel, así como a las supuestas violaciones del derecho a la asistencia de un abogado de su elección y del principio de la igualdad de armas entre la defensa y la fiscalía.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
24 Jun 2021
17 Aug 2021
    19 Apr 2021
    Nepal
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • disappearances
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the appointment of new members of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) that is not in compliance with the Paris Princplies and severely undermines the NHRC’s independence thereby restricting the ability of the people of Nepal to access remedies for alleged human rights violations which is a key component of a free and enabling civic space.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
29 Apr 2021
    15 Apr 2021
    Hungary
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the election of Mr. András Zsolt Varga as the President of the Kúria.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
26 Apr 2021
    09 Apr 2021
    Türkiye
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the alleged failure of national authorities to carry out a thorough investigation on the killing of Mr. Tahir Elçi.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
08 Jun 2021
    31 Mar 2021
    Mali
    JAL
  • Mali
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant des allégations relatives notamment à l’arrestation et la détention arbitraires présumées de M. Youssouf Bathily, dit Ras Bath (chroniqueur radio et journaliste), ainsi que Vital Robert Diop (Directeur Général du Pari Mutuel Urbain du Mali - PMU Mali), Souleymane Kansaye (receveur général), Mahamadou Koné (trésorier payeur général) et Aguibou Macky Tall (directeur général adjoint de l’Agence de Gestion du Fonds d'Accès Universel - AGEFAU) ainsi que de la violation de plusieurs de leurs droits dans le cadre d’une procédure judiciaire qui aurait des motivations d’ordre politique.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    31 Mar 2021
    Cambodia
    JOL
  • Cambodia
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the draft Law on the Measures to Prevent the Spread of COVID-19 and other Serious, Dangerous and Contagious Diseases.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Mar 2021
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con supuestos actos de intimidación, ataques y represalias en contra de la magistrada Presidenta de la Corte de Constitucionalidad Gloria Patricia Porras Escobar y del magistrado José Francisco de Mata Vela de la misma Corte, así como en contra de la jueza de Primera Instancia Penal Erika Lorena Aifán Dávila, con competencia en casos de Mayor Riesgo, Grupo “D” y del juez Pablo Xitumul de Paz, Presidente del Tribunal de Primera Instancia Penal de Mayor Riesgo Grupo “C”.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
25 May 2021
    16 Mar 2021
    Lebanon
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged assassination of Mr. Lokman Mohsen Slim.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
14 May 2021
    12 Mar 2021
    Belarus
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • Belarus
  • disability
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received regarding the continued criminalisation of human rights defenders in Belarus, many of whom are accused of economic crimes, or have had their right to freedom of expression restricted, following their support for demonstrations that have taken place across the country since August 2020.
Alleged victims: 12
More details...
    10 Mar 2021
    Argentina
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la crisis institucional en el Poder Judicial de la Provincia del Chubut, en virtud de la falta de pago de haberes en tiempo y forma de empleados judiciales, funcionarios y magistrados.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    02 Mar 2021
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, trial, and continued imprisonment of Mr. Alexei Anatolievich Navalny
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Apr 2021
    01 Mar 2021
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged steady increase in the number and widespread practice of enforced disappearance of persons belonging to minorities, as well as of political activists and human rights defenders, in the province of Sindh, Pakistan.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    25 Feb 2021
    Israel
    JUA
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and administrative detention of a minor.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Feb 2021
    Argentina
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación al alegado juicio de Jury contra Enrique Pedicone que podría concluir con su como juez, el cual se alega fue iniciado por no resolver diversos casos de acuerdo a los intereses del Vocal de la Corte Suprema de Tucumán.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    12 Feb 2021
    Guinea
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant des allégations de détention arbitraire et de condamnation à onze mois de prison ferme de M. Oumar Sylla, ainsi que des conditions d’emprisonnement assimilables à la torture et autres peines ou traitements cruels, inhumains ou dégradants.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
12 Feb 2021 (Ack.)
    11 Feb 2021
    United Republic of Tanzania
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information received concerning a number of attacks on lawyers and the independence of the legal profession in Tanzania, which take the form of disbarment, arrest and arbitrary detention.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
25 Feb 2021
    08 Feb 2021
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant l'absence de progrès substantiels du processus de justice transitionnelle décrit dans les lois organiques n°2013-53 et n° 2014-17, en particulier dans les domaines des réparations et de la redevabilité; ainsi qu'en ce qui concerne les tentatives d'invalidation du travail de l’Instance Vérité et Dignité et de son héritage, en soutien à la recherche de la vérité et de la justice pour les violations passées des droits de l'Homme commises en Tunisie. Les informations reçues concernant les projets de loi présentés au Parlement, et d'autres en cours d'élaboration, qui pourraient avoir des répercussions négatives sur les Chambres pénales spécialisées et la redevabilité pour les violations flagrantes des droits de l'Homme, la corruption financière et la mauvaise utilisation des fonds publics sont également portées à votre attention.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
08 Apr 2021 (Ack.)
16 Jun 2021
    05 Feb 2021
    Poland
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged judicial harassment against two Polish judges, allegedly as a result of the decisions adopted and/or the critical views they expressed in the exercise of their judicial functions.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
15 Jun 2021
    01 Feb 2021
    Kuwait
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
Information received concerning the intimidation and reprisals against the defence team of Ms. Maria Lazareva, allegedly as a result of the legitimate exercise of their professional activities.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
01 Feb 2021 (Ack.)
22 Mar 2021
22 Mar 2021 (Annex)
    28 Jan 2021
    Somalia
    JAL
  • Somalia
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations of prolonged and indefinite arbitrary detention of five inmates in the Hargeisa Central prison who remain in prison during the COVID-19 pandemic despite having already served their prison sentences, as well as the poor conditions in Somaliland prisons.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    28 Jan 2021
    Attorney general of Somaliland
    JAL
  • Somalia
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations of prolonged and indefinite arbitrary detention of five inmates in the Hargeisa Central prison who remain in prison during the COVID-19 pandemic despite having already served their prison sentences, as well as the poor conditions in Somaliland prisons.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    25 Jan 2021
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • human rights defenders
Información recibida en relación al supuesto acoso judicial contra una Jueza debido a su función jurisdiccional en el año 2009.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
18 Mar 2021
    25 Jan 2021
    Romania
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the sentencing of Mr Robert Ro?u to 5 years of imprisonment, allegedly as a result of the legitimate exercise of his professional functions in a case of property restitution concerning the former royal family of Romania.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Mar 2021
    21 Jan 2021
    Mexico
    JOL
  • disappearances
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
Información recibida en relación con la iniciativa con proyecto de decreto por el que se expide la Ley de la Fiscalía General de la República (LFGR) y se abroga la Ley Orgánica de la Fiscalía General de la República (Ley Orgánica) vigente, publicada en la Gaceta del Senado el día 7 de octubre de 2020 (la iniciativa) que posiblemente se discutirá en periodo extraordinario el 15 de enero de 2021 conforme a la petición hecha por la Comisión de Justicia del Senado.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Nov 2021
    19 Jan 2021
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received regarding the execution of child offender Mr. Mohammad Hassan Rezaiee.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Mar 2021
    18 Jan 2021
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • environment
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
New information received on the situation of four dual nationals currently imprisoned in the Islamic Republic of Iran, namely two Austrian-Iranians, Massud Mossaheb and Kamran Ghaderi, British-Iranian Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, and British-American-Iranian Morad Tahbaz.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
17 Feb 2021
15 Mar 2021 (Ack.)
20 Apr 2021
    15 Jan 2021
    Cameroon
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant des allégations d’arrestations arbitraires des multiples défenseurs des droits humains.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    07 Jan 2021
    United States of America
    JAL
  • executions
  • African Descent
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • housing
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • older persons
  • racism
  • toxics and human rights
Information received concerning allegations of police excessive use of force in response to the Black Lives Matter protests that took place in the city of Philadelphia during May-June 2020.
Alleged victims: 10
More details...
12 Jan 2022
    15 Dec 2020
    Russian Federation
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the judicial harassment against a Ukrainian lawyer, Ms. Liliia Ibrahimovna Hemedzhy, allegedly as a result of the legitimate exercise of the legal profession.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Dec 2020
28 Jan 2021
    10 Dec 2020
    Sri Lanka
    JOL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the adverse impact of the 20th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka on the independence of the judiciary and the separation of powers
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Dec 2020
12 Dec 2020 (Annex)
    04 Dec 2020
    China
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information concerning the detention, arrest and charging of human rights defender and lawyer Qin Yongpei and the alleged arbitrary detention and enforced disappearance of human rights defender and lawyer Chang Weiping in “residential surveillance at a designated location”.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
28 Dec 2020
    30 Nov 2020
    Mexico
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre un conjunto de iniciativas de reformas a la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos y proyectos de leyes que están siendo debatidos en el marco de la agenda parlamentaria de reforma al sistema de justicia, las cuales, aún cuando fortalecen en parte la administración de justicia, presentan potenciales inconsistencias frente a estándares internacionales sobre independencia judicial.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    20 Nov 2020
    Haiti
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant le meurtre de M. Monferrier Dorval, qui aurait été commis à cause des positions qu’il avait adopté en sa qualité d’avocat.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    13 Nov 2020
    United Republic of Tanzania
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the disbarment of a Tanzanian lawyer, Ms. Fatma Amani Karume, allegedly as a result of statements she made in good faith in the legitimate exercise of the legal profession.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Feb 2021
    10 Nov 2020
    Türkiye
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest detention or prosecution of 43 Turkish nationals in the aftermath of the coup d’Etat of 2016.
Alleged victims: 43
More details...
16 Dec 2020
    06 Nov 2020
    Belarus
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
  • Belarus
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of lawyers, allegedly in connection to the legitimate exercise of their professional activities in favour of opposition leaders, such as Ms. Maria Kalesnikova.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
17 Dec 2020
    04 Nov 2020
    Tajikistan
    JAL
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning Saidumar Husaini, Muhammadali Faizmuhammad, Rahmatulloi Rajab, Zubaidulloi Roziq, Vohidkhon Kosidinov, Kiyomiddin Kuramdzhonovich Avazov, Abduqahar Davlatov, Hikmatulloh Sayfulloza, Sadidin Rustamov, Sharif Mamadalievich Nabiev, Abdusamat Ghayratov, Mahmadali Hayit, and Buzurgmehr Yorov, incarcerated at the maximum security prison No. 1 of Dushanbe (No 3/1). They have been allegedly subjected to arbitrary detention, torture and ill-treatment.
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
11 Dec 2020
    27 Oct 2020
    Costa Rica
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre varias reformas legales, proyectos de ley y actos del Estado, que generarían una afectación a la independencia judicial, tanto institucionalmente, como de sus jueces y magistrados, e incluso de sus funcionarios jubilados; todo ello por medio de la injerencia desde otros poderes del Estado. En particular, quisiera destacar la información recibida sobre afectaciones a la imagen e institucionalidad del sistema judicial, a la reducción de salarios y regresión en la condición de empleo de sus funcionarios; a la modificación de su régimen jubilatorio; a la garantía contra presiones externas y sobre el proceso en marcha de selección y designación de las altas magistraturas judiciales, los cuales podrían no ajustarse a los estándares internacionales vigentes sobre independencia judicial.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Oct 2020
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informacion recibida en relación con la crisis institucional del sistema de justicia, incluidas las amenazas contra los jueces de la Corte de Constitucionalidad y el retraso en la elección de los jueces de la Corte Suprema de Justicia y de las Cortes de Apelaciones.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    21 Oct 2020
    Israel
    JAL
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary detention and torture and ill-treatment of Mr. Mohammed el Halabi.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    19 Oct 2020
    El Salvador
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación al supuesto acoso judicial contra el Sr. Othon Sigfrido Reyes Morales, miembro fundador del partido de oposición “Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional” (FMLN), y su familia. Estos procesos judiciales no tendrían algún sustento legal y tendrían el objetivo de desprestigiar a líderes de partidos políticos de la oposición.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
22 Jan 2021
22 Jan 2021 (Annex)
22 Jan 2021 (Annex)
22 Jan 2021 (Annex)
22 Jan 2021
27 Jan 2021 (Ack.)
    14 Oct 2020
    Türkiye
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of 48 lawyers, 7 trainee lawyers, 4 dismissed judges and a law graduate for being “members of a terrorist organisation”.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
10 Dec 2020
    12 Oct 2020
    South Sudan
    JAL
  • executions
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information concerning the alleged arbitrary killing of Mr. Emmanuel Peter Juma and the reported harassment and intimidation of Mr. Godfrey Bulla, a prominent human rights lawyer, as a result of his efforts to prevent the execution of Mr. Juma.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    09 Oct 2020
    Brazil
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the intimidation and judicial harassment against two Brazilian lawyers, Mr. Roberto Teixeira and Mr. Cristiano Zanin Martins, allegedly in connection to the legal assistance they provide to Mr. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (hereinafter “Lula”), Brazilian politician and former President of Brazil.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
07 Dec 2020
19 Feb 2021
18 Mar 2021
    06 Oct 2020
    Paraguay
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Información recibida en relación con la muerte de dos niñas en el Departamento de Concepción, Paraguay como resultado de un operativo llevado a cabo por la Fuerza de Tarea Conjunta, que podría constituir ejecución arbitraria, desaparaciones forzadas de corta duración, y posible tortura, además de irregularidades relacionadas con procedimientos de identificación y evidencias forenses por parte del estado.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
19 Nov 2020 (Ack.)
03 Dec 2020
    02 Oct 2020
    Egypt
    JAL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received regarding Egypt’s Terrorist Circuit Courts and allegations of their incompatibility with international due process guarantees and alleged violations of fundamental rights of individuals who have been, or are still waiting to be, tried by them.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    01 Oct 2020
    Zimbabwe
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the criminal proceedings brought against three Zimbabwean lawyers, Mr. Thabani Mpofu, Mr. Dumisani Dube and Mr. Joshua Chirambwe, allegedly as a result of the legitimate exercise of the legal profession.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    29 Sep 2020
    Burundi
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant des allégations d’irrégularités de procédure concernant la condamnation de M. Germain Rukuki, défenseur des droits humains burundais, qui, à ce jour, purge une peine de 32 ans de prison requit par le Tribunal de Grande Instance de Ntahangwa.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    25 Sep 2020
    Guinea-Bissau
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information reçues concernant l’ingérence politique présumée dans l’indépendance du pouvoir judiciaire.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    21 Sep 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the arbitrary executions of Mr. Mostafa Salehi and Mr. Navid Afkari, following their participation in protests in 2018 and on the basis of unsubstantiated charges of murder; the arrest, detention and sentencing to death of Messrs. Mehdi Salehi Ghaleh-Shahrokhi, Mohammad Bastami, Abbas Mohammadi, Majid Nazari and Hadi Kiani, on charges of moharabeh (taking up arms to take lives or property and to create fear in the public) and baghi (armed rebellion) in connection with their alleged participation in protests that took place in December 2017/January 2018 in Isfahan, Isfahan Province; and the lengthy prison sentences against Navid Afkari’s brothers Messrs. Vahid and Habib Afkari following their participation in protests. There are serious concerns related to due process, adherence to fair trial guarantees, a lack of evidence and alleged use of torture to extract forced confessions, and failure to respect the rights to freedom of opinion, expression and assembly in all of these cases.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
29 Oct 2020
    18 Sep 2020
    Nigeria
    JUA
  • cultural rights
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
Information received regarding the death sentence given to Mr. Yahaya Sharif-Aminu who was convicted of blasphemy for sharing a song in a WhatsApp group.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    15 Sep 2020
    Colombia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con ataques contra la independencia del poder judicial realizados por el Presidente de la República de Colombia, otros miembros de gobierno y oficiales de alto rango, con respecto al proceso judicial contra el Senador y ex presidente Álvaro Uribe Vélez.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
11 Nov 2020
    14 Sep 2020
    Türkiye
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the adverse impact that the amendments to article 159 of the Constitution, introduced by Act No. 6771, have on the independence of the judiciary and the separation of powers.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
09 Oct 2020
    08 Sep 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
Information received regarding the deteriorating circumstances of human rights defenders who remain in prison during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
29 Oct 2020
17 Feb 2021
    26 Aug 2020
    Türkiye
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Concern with the framework of anti-terrorism laws implemented by Your Excellency’s Government and its compatibility with Turkey’s international and human rights law obligations. In particular, we express serious concern with Anti-Terror Law No. 3713 (“Anti-Terror Law”) and the amendments made to this law and the Penal Code through Law No. 7145 adopted on 31 July 2018.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
22 Oct 2020
    13 Aug 2020
    China
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the trial and sentencing, behind closed doors, of Mr. Yu Wensheng.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Oct 2020
    05 Aug 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the reported arbitrary arrest, detention and ill-treatment of Ali Younesi.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
29 Oct 2020
25 Nov 2020
    29 Jul 2020
    Egypt
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received regarding continued detention of human rights defenders and other individuals in Egyptian prisons, who, since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, have had their communication with the outside world heavily restricted, their pre-trial detentions renewed in absentia and are at grave risk of contracting the COVID-19 virus.
Alleged victims: 12
More details...
    23 Jun 2020
    United States of America
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • toxics and human rights
  • human rights defenders
  • international order
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • unilateral coercive measures
Information received concerning the implementation of policies and initiatives aimed at influencing the independence of the International Criminal Court (ICC)
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 Jun 2020
    Ecuador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia e imparcialidad judicial en el país. En particular, quisiera señalar información recibida sobre el proceso que resultó en la cesación de jueces y conjueces de la Corte Nacional de Justicia del Ecuador.
Alleged victims: 47
More details...
11 Aug 2020 (Ack.)
14 Sep 2020
14 Sep 2020 (Annex)
14 Sep 2020 (Annex)
14 Sep 2020 (Annex)
14 Sep 2020 (Annex)
    10 Jun 2020
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention, torture and ill-treatment of Mr. Ariful Islam.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    08 Jun 2020
    United States of America
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • housing
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • mercenaries
  • minority issues
  • older persons
  • poverty
  • racism
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • torture
  • toxics and human rights
Information received concerning several recent killings of people of African descent in apparently State-endorsed operations in the United States
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
04 Aug 2020 (Ack.)
    02 Jun 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information concerning the criteria for temporary release of prisoners due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Aug 2020
    26 May 2020
    Samoa
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
General concerns with regard to the current procedures for the appointment and dismissal of the Chief Justice, Attorney General, judges, and members of the Judicial Service Commission
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 May 2020
    Belarus
    JAL
  • Belarus
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning detention of over 120 persons in connection with their participation in protests or for having otherwise peacefully expressed their views.
Alleged victims: 120
More details...
    12 May 2020
    Mexico
    JAL
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación a presuntos actos constitutivos de tortura y otras violaciones al derecho a la integridad personal en contra del Sr. Yonny Ronay Chacón González (en adelante denominado el Sr. Chacón González), durante su detención en el estado de Chiapas, México y llevadas a cabo por agentes de la Policía Judicial del estado mencionado. Así como en contra de los Sres. Jesús Iván Figueroa Gómez, Luis Adrián Figueroa Gómez y Juan Antonio Figueroa Gómez durante su detención en el estado de Chihuahua, México, y llevadas a cabo por agentes ministeriales adscritos a la unidad antiextorsión del estado mencionado.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
30 Dec 2021
    06 May 2020
    India
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act 2019 (the amended Act), to the current counter-terrorism legislation, the 1967 Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (the Act), and raising concerns in relation to its compatibility with your Excellency’s Government’s obligations under international human rights law and in relation to pertinent international standards of counter-terrorism legislation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 May 2020
    Kyrgyzstan
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • torture
Information received regarding the repeated denial of a right to fair trial of human rights defender Mr. Azimjan Askarov, whose health is severely deteriorating in his place of detention.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Jun 2020
    05 May 2020
    Iraq
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the cases of 432 army cadets missing from Tikrit since 12 June 2014.
Alleged victims: 432
More details...
14 Oct 2020
    04 May 2020
    Chile
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informacion recibida en relación con la decisión de la Sala de Pleno de la Corte de Apelaciones de Santiago de Chile de 25 de marzo de 2020 de suspender los efectos de la sentencia de 19 marzo 2020 en la que el juez del 7° Juzgado de Garantía de Santiago, Daniel Urrutia Laubreaux, dispuso la sustitución de la prisión preventiva para 13 personas por arresto domiciliario. En la misma decisión de la Sala de Pleno ésta dispuso abrir un procedimiento disciplinario contra el juez Urrutia Laubreaux, ordenando la suspensión de sus funciones durante el procedimiento disciplinario.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Jun 2020
19 Jun 2020 (Annex)
19 Jun 2020 (Annex)
19 Jun 2020 (Annex)
    22 Apr 2020
    Türkiye
    JAL
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the physical abuse and deportation to Iran of Messrs. Saeed Tamjidi and Mohammad Rajabi, who were later prosecuted and sentenced to death by the Iranian authorities
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
11 Jun 2020 (Ack.)
17 Jul 2020
    22 Apr 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, detention and sentencing to death of Messrs. Amir Hossein Moradi, Saeed Tamjidi, and Mohammad Rajabi, on charges of arson and property damage during the November 2019 protests in Tehran, and amid serious concerns related to due process, adherence to fair trial guarantees and use of torture to extract forced confessions.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    20 Apr 2020
    Kazakhstan
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the withdrawal of the licence to practice law and disbarment of two lawyers, Mr. Amanzhol Mukhanmedyarov and Mr. Erlan Gazymzhanov.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
15 Jul 2020
15 Jul 2020 (Annex)
15 Jul 2020 (Annex)
    02 Apr 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • environment
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the continued arbitrary detention of human rights defenders and dual and foreign nationals in Iranian prisons, despite the suspected outbreak of COVID-19 in prison.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    25 Mar 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the imposition of the death penalty upon seven individuals, members of the Sunni Kurdish minority in Iran, as a result of legal proceedings, which have been reportedly marked by violations of due process and of fair trial standards.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
08 Oct 2020
    17 Mar 2020
    Madagascar
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant des allégations d’arrestation et de détention arbitraires de M. Mbola Rajaonah, chef d'entreprise malgache, détenteur du groupe de média RLM, président directeur général de la société de transit « Tafaray » et ancien conseiller d’un ancien président malgache.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    12 Mar 2020
    Zambia
    JAL
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
  • torture
Information received concerning the conviction and sentencing of Mr. Japhet Chataba and Mr. Steven Sambo to 15 years’ imprisonment for allegedly engaging in consensual same-sex relations, in violation of their right to privacy and non-discrimination, and their right to health and freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    09 Mar 2020
    Peru
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida respecto a la afectación de la remuneración de los y las magistradas del Poder Judicial, como consecuencia de una interpretación contraria a la jerarquía normativa nacional, distorsionándose los principios de independencia de los jueces de la Nación.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    25 Feb 2020
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • terrorism
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning allegations of torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment against Mr. Waleed bin Sami Abu al-Khair.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Apr 2020
    19 Feb 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning protests held in various parts of Iran since 11 January 2020 and the alleged disproportionate response by law enforcement, including excessive use of force leading to injury, arbitrary arrest and detention, enforced disappearance, and ill-treatment of protesters.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Feb 2020
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con un supuesto patrón de persecución política y judicial –con fines de represalia- así como actos de hostigamiento en contra de antiguas autoridades, líderes políticos y sociales vinculados al Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS), desde el establecimiento del actual Gobierno. Así, funcionarios de alto nivel del nuevo Gobierno anunciaron que habían presentado demandas judiciales contra antiguas autoridades y otros individuos relacionados con el MAS, especialmente por sedición, terrorismo, incumplimiento de deberes y otros delitos. En particular, el día 13 de noviembre del 2019, el actual Ministro de Gobierno habría declarado que el Gobierno habría ido a la “cacería” del Ministro de Presidencia. Varios de los casos impulsados por el Ministerio Público nacerían de denuncias presentadas o promovidas por las actuales autoridades.
Alleged victims: 11
More details...
15 May 2020
    13 Feb 2020
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida respecto a vulneraciones a los principios de transparencia, publicidad, independencia y objetividad en el proceso de elección de magistradas y magistrados de la Corte Suprema de Justicia y de la Corte de Apelaciones para el período 2019-2024, que se está desarrollando actualmente en Guatemala.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    06 Feb 2020
    Egypt
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning threats, intimidation and physical attacks against human rights lawyer, Mr. Gamal Eid.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
15 Apr 2020 (Ack.)
    28 Jan 2020
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la supuesta detención arbitraria, desaparición forzada, incomunicación y falta de garantías procesales para un juicio justo, del Diputado de la Asamblea Nacional, Gilber Caro, y su asistente, el periodista Victor Ugas, quienes fueron arrestados el 20 de diciembre de 2019 por fuerzas de seguridad del Estado.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
27 Mar 2020
    27 Jan 2020
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the ongoing detention of Mr. Abdelrahman Chouman (عبدالرحمن شومان) and Mr. Ahmad Sobh (أحمد صبح) at Al Wathba prison.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    27 Jan 2020
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, continued detention without any charge and ill-treatment of Dr. Mohammed Al Khoudary, his son, Dr. Hani Al Khoudary and Mr. Adelrahman Mohammed Farhanah.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
27 Mar 2020
    02 Jan 2020
    Türkiye
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and conviction of judge Sultani Temel
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
02 Mar 2020
    18 Dec 2019
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning the alleged decision not to permit practicing law to human rights lawyer Kumaravadivel Guruparan, apparently in reprisal against his peaceful human rights work.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    18 Dec 2019
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
Information received concerning the use of force against protestors leading to the killing of at least 234 individuals, and the reported arrest of 7000 individuals. Concerns relating to conditions of detention including mistreatment of detainees, as well as restrictions on journalists covering the events.
Alleged victims: 7000
More details...
18 Feb 2020
    02 Dec 2019
    Uzbekistan
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning alleged acts of intimidation against civil society representatives who engaged and cooperated with the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers during the official visit undertook to Uzbekistan from 19 to 25 September 2019.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    22 Nov 2019
    Argentina
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • torture
Información recibida respecto a las presuntas represalias y hostigamiento que habría sufrido el abogado Mario Luis Coriolano, por el ejercicio de sus funciones como Defensor de Casación, así como por los presuntos malos tratos físicos y psíquicos y falta de atención médica con gravísimas consecuencias para su salud que habría sufrido Mónica Mego Velayresse, quien se encuentra detenida en un establecimiento penitenciario de la Provincia de Buenos Aires.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
06 Dec 2019
06 Dec 2019 (Annex)
06 Dec 2019 (Annex)
06 Dec 2019 (Annex)
    01 Nov 2019
    Belgium
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
Informations reçues concernant des allégations d’arrestation arbitraire et de violation de son droit à la vie privée de Mme Botagoz Jardemalie.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
08 Jan 2020
    01 Nov 2019
    Argentina
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida respecto a la presunta existencia de un Plan sistemático y estructural de amedrentamiento del Poder Judicial de la República de Argentina, que se refleja en los casos que se resumen a continuación. De acuerdo a dichas alegaciones dicho supuesto plan se estaría ejecutando por parte del Poder Ejecutivo por medio de una serie de actos concatenados, vinculados los unos a los otros estrechamente. Los alegados actos de intimidación y presión a los diversos órganos que componen el sistema judicial argentino, tales como el Ministerio Público y el Consejo de la Magistratura habrían socavado su independencia obstaculizando la posibilidad de una actuación imparcial en decisiones que afectan a los intereses del Poder Ejecutivo; así como disciplinando a los magistrados que hubieran dictado resoluciones contrarias a la voluntad del Ejecutivo.
Alleged victims: 15
More details...
25 Nov 2019
06 Jan 2020
    24 Oct 2019
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, solitary confinement, as well as on-going prosecution of Mr. Junaid Hafeez under blasphemy charges.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    14 Oct 2019
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance and torture of 20 individuals convicted in a mass trial. The individuals were accused of belonging to a terrorist organization under the Act No. 58 of 2006 on the Protection of Society from Terrorist Acts. We received information that, all of the 20 individuals convicted have remained in prison and have exhausted all available domestic remedies. In particular, we are concerned that the allegations of arbitrary arrests, disappearances, and deficiencies in fair trial proceedings have not been addressed by your Excellency’s government to date.
Alleged victims: 20
More details...
    18 Sep 2019
    Ecuador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida respecto a la situación del Poder Judicial del Ecuador, en particular, en relación al proceso de evaluación integral de las y los jueces y conjueces de la Corte Nacional de Justicia de la Republica de Ecuador.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Nov 2019
    11 Sep 2019
    Kuwait
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received regarding a number of cases associated with Ms. Maria Lazareva, namely the alleged lack of fair trial guarantees, including the lack of impartiality of prosecutors and tribunals; concern about the conduct of the Attorney General of Kuwait and intimidation towards the international legal team of Ms. Lazareva.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
18 Oct 2019
    09 Aug 2019
    Serbia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged harassment and verbal attacks from MPs of the National Assembly directed against particularly, Judge Miodrag Majic, but also Judge Omer Hadžiomerovic, both from the Court of Appeal in Belgrade.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
08 Sep 2020 (Ack.)
13 Nov 2020
    22 Jul 2019
    Kazakhstan
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning acts of harassment and discrimination directed towards a young lesbian couple and the unauthorized filming and posting of a video in social media, affecting their right to privacy.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
19 Sep 2019
    18 Jul 2019
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
En este contexto, quisiéramos señalar a la atención urgente del Gobierno de Su Excelencia la información que hemos recibido en relación a los actos de intimidación, ataques y represalias en contra del Juez Pablo Xitumul de Paz, Presidente del Tribunal de Primera Instancia Penal de Mayor Riesgo Grupo “C”, así como en contra de la Jueza de Primera Instancia Penal Erika Lorena Aifán Dávila, con competencia en casos de Mayor Riesgo, Grupo “D”. Estos actos podrían estar relacionados a sus posiciones independientes en su función jurisdiccional en casos de alto impacto. Asimismo, quisiéramos manifestar nuestra preocupación sobre la falta de garantías que aseguren una actuación independiente tanto a nivel individual para las juezas y los jueces, como institucional. Dicha fragilidad crea barreras para el acceso a la justicia, verdad y reparación, en particular en los casos de justicia de transición, lo que puede significar un grave retroceso en la lucha contra la impunidad.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
25 Sep 2019
    15 Jul 2019
    Nepal
    JOL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received regarding an amendment bill to revise the existing act of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) Act-2012, potentially severely undermining the NHRC’s authority, effectiveness and independence and limiting the Nepali people’s ability to access justice.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
17 Jan 2020
    12 Jul 2019
    Italy
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • international solidarity
  • migrants
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the arrest and subsequent release of, and two criminal investigations opened against Ms. Carola Rackete, as well as alleged threats to the independence of the judiciary arising from public statements by the Minister of Interior of Italy, Mr Matteo Salvini.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
11 Oct 2019
    12 Jul 2019
    Costa Rica
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre el proceso en marcha de selección y designación de las Altas Magistraturas Judiciales de Costa Rica, el cual podría no ajustarse a los estándares internacionales sobre la independencia judicial.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Jun 2019
    Solomon Islands
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning abuse of process and judicial harassment against an Australian national
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    28 Jun 2019
    Armenia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged interference with the independence of the judiciary emanating from the actions of the Armenian Prime Minister.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 Sep 2019
    21 Jun 2019
    Colombia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia judicial en el país, así como sobre posibles interferencias en la defensa del Sr. Luis Fernando Andrade Moreno por parte de la Fiscalía, en relación al proceso penal iniciado contra él.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Jul 2019
    12 Jun 2019
    Türkiye
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations of torture and ill-treatment of former Turkish diplomats and staff from the Turkish foreign ministry in the Ankara police Headquarters
Alleged victims: 249
More details...
09 Aug 2019
    31 May 2019
    Uzbekistan
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations of torture and ill-treatment of Mr. Rashitjon Hamidovich Kadirov former Prosecutor General of Uzbekistan, currently held in the pre-trial detention facility of the Ministry of Interior in the Mirabadasky district of Tashkent.
Alleged victims: 18
More details...
30 Aug 2019
    31 May 2019
    Ukraine
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning allegations regarding the threats received by judge Viktoriia Prykhodko of the Marinskyi district court in the Donetsk region, in relation to a court ruling
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    31 May 2019
    Ukraine
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning allegations regarding the threats received by lawyer Valentyna Bohatchenko, in relation to the exercise of her profession.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Aug 2019
    28 May 2019
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged enforced disappearance of, and charges against, 15 individuals, including human rights defenders who are board members of the Egyptian Coordination for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF), in connection with case no. 1552/2018, and the alleged enforced disappearance of the Executive Director of the ECRF, who is charged in case no. 441/2018. Allegations have also been received regarding a reported smear campaign against a number of human rights organisations in Egyptian media.
Alleged victims: 33
More details...
    23 May 2019
    Poland
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning Justice Alina Czubieniak, , who has recently been subject to disciplinary proceedings as a consequence of a decision she took in the legitimate exercise of her judicial functions.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Jul 2019
    14 May 2019
    Mongolia
    JOL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the amendments to the Law on the Legal Status of Judges and the Law on Public Prosecutor’s Office, which introduce a new procedure for the dismissal of judges and heads of the prosecution service on the basis of a recommendation from the National Security Council of Mongolia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 May 2019
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the reported arrest and arbitrary detention of human rights defender Ms. Yasaman Aryani, Ms. Monireh Arabshahi and Ms. Mojgan Keshavarz by the Iranian authorities.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
02 Jul 2019
14 Nov 2019
    06 May 2019
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
allegations concerning the judicial harassment against and alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and ill-treatment of human rights lawyer, Mr. Mohamed Ramadan.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    01 May 2019
    Jasic Technologies Ltd.
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • business
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of, and charges against, five labour rights defenders, as a result of their advocacy for labour rights and better working conditions at the Jasic Technology plant in Shenzhen, and for their attempts to form a trade union.
Alleged victims: 31
More details...
    01 May 2019
    China
    JAL
  • business
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of, and charges against, five labour rights defenders, as well as the enforced disappearance of one of them as a result of their advocacy for labour rights and better working conditions at the Jasic Technology factory in Shenzhen, and for their attempts to form a trade union.
Alleged victims: 31
More details...
21 May 2019
    29 Apr 2019
    Yemen
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the prosecution’s response towards Mr. Hamid Kamali bin Haydara’s appeal against his death sentence.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    29 Apr 2019
    De facto autorithies of Sana'a, Yemen
    JUA
  • minority issues
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the prosecution’s response towards Mr. Hamid Kamali bin Haydara’s appeal against his death sentence.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    01 Apr 2019
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • environment
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged continued arbitrary detention of eight environmental scientists, some of whom were reportedly subjected to torture and other-ill treatment.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
    20 Mar 2019
    United States of America
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the remarks made by the U.S. President’s National Security Adviser, Mr. John R. Bolton, against the International Criminal Court (ICC)
Alleged victims: -
More details...
22 Jul 2019
    15 Mar 2019
    Peru
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la posible extradición de dos ciudadanos peruanos a Venezuela.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
29 Apr 2019
29 Apr 2019 (Annex)
29 Apr 2019 (Annex)
29 Apr 2019 (Annex)
29 Apr 2019 (Annex)
29 Apr 2019 (Annex)
29 Apr 2019 (Annex)
29 Apr 2019 (Annex)
29 Apr 2019 (Annex)
    13 Mar 2019
    Mauritania
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant la vulnération de l'indépendance judiciaire en Mauritanie et des conditions essentielles des garanties liées à l'exercice de la profession d'avocat, telles comme les sanctions économiques déguisés, ce qui pourrait conduire à des graves violations des droits de l’homme
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    27 Feb 2019
    South Sudan
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Allegations concerning the arrest, arbitrary detention and investigation of Mr. Peter Biar Ajak.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    25 Feb 2019
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning Mr Kashoggi's killing.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
23 Apr 2019 (Ack.)
    13 Feb 2019
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the forthcoming disbarment of Mr. Emil Kurbedinov, allegedly as an act of reprisal for his legitimate work in defence of human rights.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Mar 2019
    08 Feb 2019
    Nigeria
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the suspension and replacement of the Chief Justice of Nigeria, Honourable Justice Walter Nkanu Samuel Onnoghen, which appear to be in contravention of international human rights standards relating to the independence of the judiciary.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    06 Feb 2019
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la supuesta falta de independencia de la judicatura y fiscalía de Venezuela, incluido el Tribunal Supremo de Justicia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 May 2021
    30 Jan 2019
    Türkiye
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the allegedly arbitrary arrest, detention and conviction of the President of the Independent Turkish Judges Association YARSAV, judge Murat Arslan.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
27 Mar 2019
    30 Jan 2019
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • foreign debt
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre el presunto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia judicial, asegurar un entorno propicio para la labor de jueces y juezas, magistrados y magistradas, y fiscales, así como fortalecer la lucha contra los flujos ilícitos de fondos.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Apr 2019
    28 Jan 2019
    Ukraine
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the draft law on “The Bar and Practice of Law”, which includes a number of provisions that could jeopardise the free and independent exercise of the legal profession and the capacity of the national bar association to defend the interests of their members and the independence of the legal profession in general.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Jan 2019
    Ecuador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia e imparcialidad judicial en el país. En particular, se ha remitido a esta relatoría información sobre la posible falta de imparcialidad de los tribunales encargados de las investigaciones respecto de los procesos iniciados contra el ex presidente de Ecuador, D. Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
29 Mar 2019
29 Mar 2019 (Annex)
29 Mar 2019 (Annex)
29 Mar 2019 (Annex)
29 Mar 2019 (Annex)
29 Mar 2019 (Annex)
29 Mar 2019 (Annex)
29 Mar 2019 (Annex)
29 Mar 2019 (Annex)
    21 Dec 2018
    Hungary
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the new legislative package on administrative courts, adopted by the Parliament on 12 December 2018, which will create a new system of courts by January 2020 to handle issues related to State administration. It is feared that the new administrative court system would place the new administrative court system under the control of the Minister of Justice, which might undermine the rule of law, and in particular the principles of judicial independence and the separation of powers.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Dec 2018
    Republic of Moldova
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the unfair dismissal and ongoing criminal prosecution against judge Domnica Manole.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
20 Feb 2019
    11 Dec 2018
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the imposition of the death penalty, including cases where there is an immediate risk of execution, and the conduct of trials in the Bahrain.
Alleged victims: 20
More details...
07 Feb 2019
11 Feb 2019
    10 Dec 2018
    Serbia
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the draft Law on “Free Legal Aid".
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Jan 2019
    07 Dec 2018
    Philippines
    JUA
  • executions
  • food
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged extrajudicial or arbitrary killing of Mr. Benjamin Ramos Jr., a human rights lawyer. We also received reports of death threats against Mr. Felipe Levy Gelle Jr., Ms. Enrita Caniendo and Ms. Clarizza Singson-Dagatan, human rights defenders working with Mr. Ramos.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
10 Dec 2018 (Ack.)
    21 Nov 2018
    Argentina
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la destitución del juez Luis Federico Arias de su cargo en el Departamento Judicial de La Plata, Provincia de Buenos Aires. Asimismo, quisiera llamar a la atención de su Excelencia el hecho de que se haya presuntamente producido un nombramiento de jueces y juezas en la Corte Suprema de Justicia a través de un Decreto de Necesidad y Urgencia en lugar de proceder bajo el procedimiento constitucionalmente establecido.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
21 Jan 2019
    20 Nov 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning Mr. Mohammad Ali Taheri, who is currently serving a five-year prison sentence for the offence of “spreading corruption on earth”.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Jan 2019
    16 Nov 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the persecution of Mr. Salman al-Awdah, an influential religious figure who has over 14 million followers on Twitter, who is known for his calls for reforms and as an advocate for greater respect of human rights within the framework of the Shari’a law.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
11 Jan 2019
    15 Nov 2018
    Republic of Korea
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning alleged irregular surveillance of judges and their representative organisations, interference with their independence and ineffective investigations carried out by the competent national bodies on these issues.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
30 Jan 2019
    05 Nov 2018
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance and torture of 20 individuals convicted in a mass trial after they were accused of belonging to a terrorist organization.
Alleged victims: 20
More details...
04 Jan 2019
16 Jan 2019
    22 Oct 2018
    Türkiye
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning a number of law decrees adopted during the state of emergency, which could undermine the right of access to justice and jeopardise the right of legal practitioners to carry out their professional activities
Alleged victims: -
More details...
21 Dec 2018
    10 Oct 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the arbitrary arrests and detentions of the human rights defenders, Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham, Ms. Samar Badawi, Ms. Nassima Al-Sadah, Ms. Nouf Abdulaziz, Ms. Mayya Al-Zahrani, Ms. Hatoon Al-Fassi.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
29 Oct 2018
29 Jan 2019
    03 Oct 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Information received concerning the reported arrest and arbitrary detention of human rights defender Mr. Farhad Meysami by the Iranian authorities.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Sep 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the reported arrest and arbitrary detention of human rights defenders Ms. Hoda Amid, Ms. Najmeh Vahedi and Ms. Rezvaneh Mohammadi, by the Iranian authorities, as well as the continued detention and aggravated charges brought against human rights defender Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh, and the subsequent arrest of her husband, Mr. Reza Khandan.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    26 Sep 2018
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the human rights defenders Mr. Shadi al-Ghazali Harb, Ms. Amal Fathy, Mr. Wael Abbas, Mr. Mohamed Ibrahim Radwan, and Mr. Haytham Mohamadein, who are all being detained on charges relating to freedom of expression and association.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
23 Jan 2019
    25 Sep 2018
    Paraguay
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el inicio de un procedimiento de acusación ante el Jurado de Enjuiciamiento de Magistrados (JEM) contra los magistrados que resolvieron el Recurso Extraordinario de Casación en el asunto conocido como “Caso Curuguaty”.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
23 Nov 2018
    18 Sep 2018
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el presunto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia judicial en el país, así como de asegurar un entorno propicio y seguro para la labor de jueces y juezas, magistrados y magistradas.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    17 Sep 2018
    Argentina
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informacion recivida en relación con las alegaciones de detención y violencia hacia el abogado y defensor de derechos humanos, el Sr. Iván Bordón.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018 (Annex)
15 Nov 2018 (Annex)
15 Nov 2018 (Annex)
15 Nov 2018 (Annex)
15 Nov 2018 (Annex)
15 Nov 2018 (Annex)
15 Nov 2018 (Annex)
15 Nov 2018 (Annex)
15 Nov 2018 (Annex)
15 Nov 2018 (Annex)
15 Nov 2018 (Annex)
    12 Sep 2018
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información adicional recibida en relación a la detención y alegaciones de tortura del Sr. Jaimes Criollo
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
03 Jan 2019
    03 Sep 2018
    Colombia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia e imparcialidad judicial en el país.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
31 Oct 2018
    29 Aug 2018
    Uganda
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • torture
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged torture and ill-treatment of Mr. Robert Ssentamu Kyagulanyi.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    28 Aug 2018
    Morocco
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant des présumées actions d’intimidation et de violence répétées par le Royaume du Maroc à l’égard de l’avocate Me Ingrid Metton.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Nov 2018
    27 Aug 2018
    El Salvador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la supuesta acefalía de la que adolecería la Sala de lo Constitucional de la Corte Suprema de Justicia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Aug 2018
    China
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the use of Residential Surveillance in a Designated Location (RSDL) as amended in the 2012 Criminal Procedure Law Article 73, in relation to persons suspected of endangering State security, of terrorist activities or of involvement in major bribery and where confinement in their own home may ‘impede the investigation’.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Nov 2018
    15 Aug 2018
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning Ms. Irina Biryukova and Mr. Evgeny Makarov.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
16 Oct 2018
    13 Aug 2018
    Chile
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • terrorism
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia judicial en su país, así como asegurar un entorno propicio y seguro para la labor de jueces y magistrados.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
17 Aug 2018
21 Nov 2018
    31 Jul 2018
    India
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of Mr. Surendra Gadling, Mr. Rona Wilson, Ms. Shoma Sen, Mr. Sudhir Dhawale and Mr. Mahesh Raut, and allegations concerning a smear campaign targeting Ms. Sudha Bhardwaj.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
    27 Jul 2018
    Guatemala
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el funcionamiento del Consejo de la Carrera Judicial y su impacto en la garantía de la independencia judicial de juezas, jueces, magistradas y magistrados.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Jan 2019
    06 Jul 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women in law and in practice
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information received concerning the arrest and charges against Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    04 Jul 2018
    Mexico
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • human rights defenders
  • indigenous peoples
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • water and sanitation
  • racism
En este contexto, quisiéramos señalar a la atención urgente del Gobierno de Su Excelencia la información que hemos recibido con relación a las condenas de seis defensores del medio ambiente por el presunto homicidio de un empresario español en 2003, quienes habrían trabajado activamente por y en la defensa del derecho al agua de la comunidad indígena de San Pedro Tlanixco, Estado de México.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
18 Oct 2018
    08 Jun 2018
    Japan
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Shoko Asahara, a person with disabilities, currently detained in the Tokyo Detention Centre.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Jul 2018
    07 Jun 2018
    Brazil
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged persecution suffered by Judge Hugo Cavalcanti Melo Filho by the Brazilian judicial authorities.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
09 Aug 2018
    30 May 2018
    Gabon
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçu concernant la relation entre le Président de la Cour Constitutionnelle et l’ancien Président de la République, et la conséquent faute d’indépendance de la Cour, que semble apparaître dans ces décisions au sujet des élections Présidentielles du 2009 et 2016.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
18 Jun 2018 (Ack.)
    23 May 2018
    Philippines
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged threats and the ongoing process of impeachment against Ms. Maria Lourdes Sereno, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, as a result of her professional activities in defense of the independence of the judiciary.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Oct 2020
    04 May 2018
    United Arab Emirates
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the continued arbitrary detention of human rights defenders Mr. Osama Al-Najjar and Mr. Ahmed Mansoor, along with the charges against Mr. Mansoor.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
05 Jul 2018
    04 May 2018
    Türkiye
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • health
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention under accusations of membership of a terrorist organization of 13 individuals
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
03 Aug 2018
    30 Apr 2018
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia judicial en el país, así como asegurar un entorno propicio y seguro para la labor de jueces y juezas, magistrados y magistradas.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    27 Apr 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Mohammad Kalhori who was 15 years old at the time of the alleged commission of the crime for which he was convicted and sentenced to death.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Apr 2018
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged short-term enforced disappearance for several days, arbitrary detention, and charges against human rights defenders Mr. Ezzat Eid Taha Fadl Ghoneim and Mr. Ahmed Tarek Ibrahim Ziada.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    24 Apr 2018
    Mexico
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre cinco casos de magistrados y magistradas que, supuestamente, habrían sido indebidamente destituidos por el Presidente del Tribunal de sus cargos en el Tribunal del Estado de Tabasco. Durante estos procesos de destitución se habría negado el derecho de audiencia y debido proceso a los afectados.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    06 Apr 2018
    Donghai Investment Company
    JOL
  • business
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, the investigation and the detention of Mr. Chen Wuquan.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    06 Apr 2018
    China
    JAL
  • business
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, investigation and alleged arbitrary detention of Mr. Chen Wuquan and the disbarment of Mr. Sui Muqing.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
23 May 2018
    05 Apr 2018
    Switzerland
    JOL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant l’apparent manque de volonté politique de la Suisse de mener à terme certaines enquêtes pénales entamées dans le cadre de la compétence universelle.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
04 Jun 2018
    28 Mar 2018
    Honduras
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
La importancia de su compromiso en la lucha contra la corrupción, garantizando que el proceso de selección del fiscal general en su país sea transparente y justo.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Mar 2018
    Guatemala
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
La importancia de su compromiso en la lucha contra la corrupción, garantizando que el proceso de selección del fiscal general en su país sea transparente y justo.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Mar 2018
    El Salvador
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
La importancia de su compromiso en la lucha contra la corrupción, garantizando que el proceso de selección del fiscal general en su país sea transparente y justo.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    02 Mar 2018
    Cambodia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • Cambodia
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received raising concerns relating to specific individuals and media outlets that may unnecessarily and disproportionately restrict the right to freedom of expression, including the arrest, detention and conviction of individuals based on the misuse of the law, which is incompatible with Cambodia’s obligations under international human rights law.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
    28 Feb 2018
    Morocco
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant M. Abdessadeq El Bouchtaoui, qui semblent étroitement liées à ses activités pacifiques de défenseur des droits de l'homme ainsi qu’à ses opinions critiques exprimées sur les réseaux sociaux, sur les violations des droits de l'homme au Maroc.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Apr 2018
    14 Feb 2018
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the re-sentencing to death of Mr. Maher Abbas Yousef al-Khabbaz, a 28-year-old, following a collective trial that did not meet fair trial and due process guarantees, in particular the use of confession obtained under torture as the main evidence. The Court of Cassation confirmed the death sentence, without questioning the evidence, in its decision of 29 January 2018.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
13 Mar 2018
    09 Feb 2018
    Türkiye
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary re-arrest and detention of Mr. Taner Kiliç
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Mar 2018
    09 Feb 2018
    Maldives
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
Information concerning the Government’s failure to implement the Supreme Court decision of 1 February 2018 and the arrest of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, H.E. Abdulla Saeed, and another judge, Ali Hameed, following the enactment of a 15-day state of emergency on 5 February 2018.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    08 Feb 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Abbas Haiji A. al-Hassan and fourteen other individuals for charges which do not meet the “most serious crimes” threshold, following trials that allegedly did not meet fair trial and due process guarantees, including allegations of confessions obtained under torture.
Alleged victims: 32
More details...
22 Mar 2018
    07 Feb 2018
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the sentencing to death of Messrs. Mohamed AbdulHasan Ahmed Kadhem AlMutaghawi, Fadhel Sayed Abbas Hassan Radhi and Sayed Alawi Husain Alawi Husain along with three other individuals.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
06 Mar 2018
    02 Feb 2018
    Israel
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of Mr. Cemil Tekeli, a Turkish national; in circumstances that could also constitute an enforced disappearance.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jan 2018
    Yemen
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
Information received concerning the death sentence of Mr. Hamid Kamali bin Haydara.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jan 2018
    UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
Information received concerning the death sentence of Mr. Hamid Kamali bin Haydara.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jan 2018
    Ecuador
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación al alegado riesgo de afectación de los principios de independencia judicial y separación de poderes que podrían suponer los efectos de los Decretos 229 y 330.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Nov 2018
    24 Jan 2018
    China
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, residential surveillance and raid on the house of Mr. Jianghua Zhen, along with the pending investigation against him for “inciting subversion of the State”, which seem be closely linked to his peaceful and legitimate activities in defense of human rights in China.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Mar 2018
    17 Jan 2018
    Kazakhstan
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the draft Law on lawyers’ activity and legal aid, which includes a number of provisions that jeopardise the independence of the legal profession.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    12 Jan 2018
    Azerbaijan
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning recent amendments to the Act on Bar of 27 January 2000 and other laws, which could undermine the right of access to justice and jeopardise the right of legal practitioners to carry out their professional activities.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
26 Mar 2018
    30 Nov 2017
    Uruguay
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre el artículo 15 de la Ley de Rendición de Cuentas y Balance de Ejecución Presupuestal, aprobada por el Parlamento Nacional el 25 de septiembre de 2017, que impone límites a la ejecución de sentencias judiciales que condenen al Gobierno al pago de dinero.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Nov 2017
    Republic of Korea
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received in connection with the recent case of arrest, detention and prosecution of Ms. Park Geun-hye (‘Ms. Park’).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Oct 2018
    06 Nov 2017
    Azerbaijan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received regarding the disciplinary proceedings pending against Mr. Yalchin Imanov, reportedly in reprisal for his activities as human rights defender.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Dec 2017
    02 Nov 2017
    Lebanon
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, detention, conviction as well as torture and ill-treatment of Sheikh Ahmad al-Assir, who was sentenced to death on 28 September 2017 by the Lebanese Military Court for alleged terrorist acts.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
15 Nov 2017
    30 Oct 2017
    Egypt
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the continuation of the criminal and administrative proceedings pursued under Case 173/2011 against several human rights defenders, including Ms. Azza Soliman, as well as allegations of irregularities in the appointment of the investigative judge of the case. Together with the aforementioned, we would like to refer to the enactment of the Law No. 70 for Regulating the Work of Associations and Other Institutions Working in the Field of Civil Work. All of these measures have the impact of severely restricting the legitimate and independent work of human rights defenders and non-governmental organizations in Egypt.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
    20 Oct 2017
    Morocco
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant le harcèlement judiciaire allégué et les lourdes charges portées contre M. Abdessadeq El Bouchtaoui, défenseur des droits de l'homme et avocat, qui semblent étroitement liées à ses activités pacifiques de défenseur des droits de l'homme ainsi qu’à ses opinions critiques exprimées sur les réseaux sociaux, sur les violations des droits de l'homme au Maroc. M. Abdessadeq El Bouchtaoui est inculpé, entre autres, d’ «incitation à commettre des délits et des crimes» et de «contribution à l'organisation d'une manifestation non autorisée et interdite».
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Dec 2017
    13 Oct 2017
    Peru
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida sobre el proceso de acusación constitucional iniciado contra el Sr. Manuel Miranda Canales, Presidente del Tribunal Constitucional, la Sra. Marianella Ledesma Narváez, Vicepresidenta del Tribunal Constitucional, y los Sres. Carlos Ramos Núñez y Eloy Espinosa-Saldaña Barrera, magistrados de ese mismo Tribunal, por haber emitido una auto corrigiendo un error afectando su sentencia STC N° 01969-2011-HC/TC de 2013 relativa al caso conocido como El Frontón.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    12 Oct 2017
    Kenya
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning alleged persistent repression of peaceful protests and the excessive use of excessive force by Kenyan police and security forces during protests, particularly in the context of post-election violence on 11 and 12 August 2017 and during the more recent demonstrations related to the upcoming re-run of the presidential elections.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Oct 2017
    03 Oct 2017
    Lebanon
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged torture to death in custody of four Syrian refugee men, and the arbitrary detention and disappearance of several others. The information received also concerns the pressure exercised on the legal representation of the families of the victims and the lack of independence of the military court presiding over the case.
Alleged victims: 360
More details...
15 Dec 2017
    03 Oct 2017
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the abduction and subsequent detention of Mr. Ebrahim Abdelmonem Metwally Hegazy, reportedly in reprisal for his activities as a human rights defender and cooperation with the United Nations Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
08 Nov 2017
    29 Sep 2017
    Kenya
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning threats against the Chief Justice and the Supreme Court of Kenya after they issued a decision invalidating the recent presidential elections.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    20 Sep 2017
    Maldives
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary suspension from practice of 54 lawyers who signed a petition raising concerns about the situation of justice in Maldives and calling for judicial reforms.
Alleged victims: 54
More details...
    17 Aug 2017
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el sometimiento de civiles a la jurisdicción militar en Venezuela en el marco de las manifestaciones públicas en el país entre abril y julio de 2017.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Oct 2017
    10 Aug 2017
    Suriname
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning delays to the trial of the President of Suriname, accused of crimes involving unlawful killings, and related threats to the independence of the judiciary.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
30 Aug 2017
    08 Aug 2017
    Maldives
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
concerning the crackdown against political opposition following the petition signed by a number of members of parliament on 3 July 2017 calling for the impeachment of the Speaker of Parliament.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    28 Jul 2017
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Información recibida en relación con la criminalización de las protestas ocurridas en Venezuela, el uso excesivo de la fuerza y el sometimiento de los ciudadanos detenidos a la jurisdicción militar en nueve Estados y en el Distrito Capital.
Alleged victims: 4072
More details...
09 Nov 2017
    26 Jul 2017
    Poland
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning recent legislative and executive bills that threaten the independence of the judiciary in Poland.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
29 Aug 2017
    20 Jul 2017
    Morocco
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant des actes de torture et de traitements inhumains et dégradants, et des violations du droit à un procès équitable commises à l’encontre des 24 défenseurs des droits de l’homme et militants politiques sahraouis.
Alleged victims: 24
More details...
28 Sep 2017
    19 Jul 2017
    Sri Lanka
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning alleged ongoing attacks, violence and harassment against Evangelical Christian communities in Sri Lanka.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    04 Jul 2017
    Türkiye
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning Mr. Taner Kiliç (Chair of Amnesty International Turkey) who was arrested on 06 June 2017 on the basis of a warrant against him and 22 other lawyers in the city of Izmir in Western Turkey.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
15 Aug 2017 (Ack.)
03 Oct 2017 (Annex)
03 Oct 2017 (Annex)
    30 Jun 2017
    Maldives
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • torture
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received regarding the alleged arbitrary detention of Mr. Ahmed Adeeb and his deteriorating health condition due to poor detention conditions and denial of adequate and timely healthcare.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
29 Aug 2017
    23 Jun 2017
    Türkiye
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning alleged arbitrary detention and conviction of Dr. Serdar Küni for actions that pertain to his duty as a doctor to provide equal and appropriate medical treatment to everyone.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
22 Aug 2017 (Ack.)
22 Aug 2017 (Annex)
    19 Jun 2017
    Philippines
    JAL
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary killing of four men and injury of another man in the context of the anti-drug campaign implemented by the Government of the Philippines, as well as incidents of harassment against the survivor and relatives of the victims, and criminal charges brought against the survivor of the attack.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
20 Jun 2017 (Ack.)
18 Dec 2017
    23 May 2017
    Türkiye
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the dismissal, arrest and detention of a high number of judges and prosecutors, and the arrest, detention and criminal investigation of a number of lawyers, which have taken place since the failed coup attempt of 15 July 2016 and which seem to constitute serious interferences in the independence of the judiciary and the legal profession.
Alleged victims: 5200
More details...
21 Jul 2017 (Ack.)
21 Jul 2017
21 Jul 2017 (Annex)
    17 May 2017
    Guatemala
    JUA
  • business
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación en relación con un ataque y acto de intimidación en contra del abogado y defensor de derechos humanos Pedro Rafael Maldonado Flores, director del área legal del Centro de Acción Legal-Ambiental y Social de Guatemala (CALAS).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Jun 2017
30 Jun 2017 (Annex)
30 Jun 2017 (Annex)
    08 May 2017
    France
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informations reçues concernant des menaces de mort fait par un groupe prétendument composé d'anciens officiers de l'armée uruguayenne à l’encontre de M. Louis Joinet, magistrat à la retraite et défenseur des droits de l’homme renommé, qui seraient directement liées à diverses initiatives qu’il a prises en sa qualité de défenseur des droits de l’homme.
Alleged victims: 14
More details...
15 May 2017
    05 May 2017
    Nepal
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received regarding the impeachment motion filed against the Chief Justice, Ms. Sushila Karki, and the alleged serious interference in the independence of the judiciary such a process could represent.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 May 2017
    20 Apr 2017
    Myanmar
    JUA
  • executions
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Myanmar
Information received concerning the death threats and ongoing harassment and intimidation faced by lawyer Mr. Robert Sann Aung, particularly following the targeted killing of lawyer Mr. Ko Ni on 29 January 2017 whose profile is similar to that of Mr. Robert Sann Aung.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    11 Apr 2017
    Thailand
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
information received concerning the criminal procedures brought on charges of sedition and prohibited gathering against Ms. Sirikan Charoensiri, a Thai lawyer and human rights defender, which may be directly linked to her legitimate activities related to the protection of human rights at the national and international levels, as well as to her cooperation with United Nations (UN) human rights protection bodies and mechanisms.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Apr 2017
08 Aug 2017 (Annex)
    27 Mar 2017
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, secret detention, and risk of enforced disappearance of Mr. Ahmed Mansoor, a prominent human rights defender and blogger in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
25 Apr 2017
    27 Mar 2017
    Philippines
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the alleged intimidation, persecution and threats, as well as the judicial harassment, arrest and detention of Ms. Leila M. De Lima, a senator, in connection with her criticism of government policies surrounding the drug war in the Philippines, including the extrajudicial killing of drug suspects and the proposal to reinstate the death penalty.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
07 Apr 2017 (Ack.)
19 Oct 2020
    22 Mar 2017
    Malawi
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • environment
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of eight Tanzanian environmental rights defenders following a cross-learning mission to visit the Kayekera Uranium Mine in Malawi.
Alleged victims: 8
More details...
    13 Mar 2017
    Qatar
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, detention and trial of Mr. Mohammad Jaber Salem Meshab, a Qatari citizen born in 1974, who usually resides in Al Muaither in Qatar.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Feb 2017
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the death sentences imposed on Messrs. Mohamed Fawzi Abd al-Gawad Mahmoud, Reda Motamad Fahmy Abd al-Monem, Ahmed Mustafa Ahmed Mohamed, Mahmoud al-Sharif Mahmoud, Abdul Basir Abdul Rauf and Ahmed Amin Ghazali Amin following unfair trials; and the killing of Messrs. Ahmed Youssef, Abd el-Aty Ali Abd el-Aty, Mohamed Ibrahim, Mansour Gamee, Belal Hemdan al-Naggar and a minor, by Egyptian security Forces.
Alleged victims: 12
More details...
05 Sep 2017
    02 Feb 2017
    Guatemala
    JOL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • racism
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida referente a las reformas constitucionales propuestas por el Estado en el sector de la justicia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Oct 2016
    United States of America
    JUA
  • African Descent
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • racism
  • torture
Information received concerning Mr. Kevin Cooper, who is allegedly awaiting execution in California following judicial proceedings that did not meet international standards of fair trial and due process.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
13 Dec 2016
    28 Oct 2016
    Egypt
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, solitary confinement, torture and ill-treatment, as well as on-going prosecution and serious due-process violations in relation to Mr. Malek Mostafa Adly Elgendy, a prominent human rights lawyer in Egypt, allegedly as a result of the performance of his professional functions.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Dec 2016
    28 Oct 2016
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the abduction of lawyer Ahmad Bin Quasem, which seems to be directly related to his work as part of the legal defence team that represented Mr. Mir Quasem Ali before the International Crimes Tribunal.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    27 Oct 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the arrest, the lack of due process and fair trial, and arbitrary conviction and sentencing of Ms. Golrokh Ebrahimi Iraee, Ms. Fatemeh Daemi, and Mr. Arash Sadeghi, by the Iranian authorities, criminalizing the legitimate exercise of their right to freedom of expression.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
28 Dec 2016
    26 Oct 2016
    China
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • poverty
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of Ms. Li Wenzu, as well as alleged acts of intimidation and harassment against her and Ms. Wang Qiaoling, which are believed to be aimed at further intimidating their spouses, who are arbitrarily detained for their work in defence of human rights, and, in addition, in reprisal for cooperation of Ms. Li Wenzu and Ms. Wang Qiaoling with the Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, who visited China from 15 to 23 August 2016.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
09 Dec 2016
    18 Oct 2016
    Cuba
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación a alegaciones de actos de hostigamiento y represalias contra defensores y defensoras de derechos humanos, incluidos abogados, por su labor en defensa de los derechos humanos, y en particular su cooperación con los mecanismos de las Naciones Unidas en el ámbito de los derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
14 Dec 2016
    14 Oct 2016
    Uruguay
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre la adopción e implementación del nuevo Código del Proceso Penal (Ley 19.293), y preocupaciones acerca de que no se haya previsto la aplicación de dicha norma más favorable a los procesos penales iniciados antes de su plena entrada en vigor en febrero de 2017, como sucede, entre otros, en el caso del Sr. Matías Campiani.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
17 Oct 2016 (Ack.)
13 Jan 2017
26 Jan 2017
    12 Oct 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • health
Information received concerning the imminent execution of Ms. Zeinab Sekaanvand Lokran, who was sentenced to death on murder charges.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
17 Nov 2016
    11 Oct 2016
    Mexico
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con presuntas amenazas y agresiones contra familiares de una víctima de desaparición forzada y su esposa, ambos dirigentes y abogados de la organización de derechos humanos “Desaparecidos Justicia” que apoya a familiares de desaparecidos en el Estado de Querétaro, México; así como las amenazas dirigidas a los integrantes del Centro de Derechos Humanos Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez A.C. (Centro Prodh).
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    11 Oct 2016
    Mauritania
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • poverty
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant la détention arbitraire et condamnation de défenseurs des droits de l’homme
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
19 Oct 2016
    06 Oct 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Information received concerning the detention, trial and sentence of Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe to five years of imprisonment on unknown charges, and the deterioration of her health condition over the past months.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Feb 2017 (Ack.)
    04 Oct 2016
    Viet Nam
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, detention and sentencing of environmental human rights defender, Ms. Can Thi Theu, which are believed to be directly linked to her human rights work in the defence of land rights in Vietnam.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
13 Apr 2017
    30 Sep 2016
    Honduras
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre la sentencia de 5 de octubre de 2015 emitida por la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos en el caso López Lone y otros vs. Honduras, así como la reciente resolución de interpretación de sentencia relacionada con el mismo caso, emitida por el pleno de la Corte el pasado 2 de septiembre de 2016.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    27 Sep 2016
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations of the continued arbitrary detention and prolonged solitary confinement of Dr. Wang Bingzhang, his deteriorating health while in detention, the denial of access to a lawyer, the limited access for his family to visit for the past years, and allegations that the charges against him might be related to his peaceful activities as a pro-democracy activist.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Sep 2016
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • disability
  • executions
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the situation of Mr. Imdad Ali, a Pakistani national with a psychosocial disability, who is reportedly at risk of imminent execution in Pakistan.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Sep 2016
    Argentina
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con los ataques y hostigamiento contra la Sra. Laura Figueroa y el Sr. César Sivo, defensores de derechos humanos involucrados en la busca de la verdad y la justicia por crímenes de lesa humanidad perpetrados durante la dictadura militar.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
28 Nov 2016
    16 Sep 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Information received concerning the allegedly unfair and arbitrary detention of Mr. Baquer Namazi and Mr. Kamal Foroughi by the Iranian authorities.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    15 Sep 2016
    China
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the recent conviction of human rights defenders for charges of subversion of State power, allegedly following criminal proceedings which lacked sufficient due process and fair trial guarantees.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    07 Sep 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
Additional information received regarding the arrest and detention of Ms. Homa Hoodfar.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Jan 2017
    01 Sep 2016
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • executions
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the widespread allegations of torture and ill-treatment, including coerced extraction of confessions, lack of investigation and prosecution into such allegations, the limited or complete lack of medical care in detention, the use of corporal punishment and the imposition of the death penalty, inhumane detention conditions as well as the use of prolonged solitary confinement (including for juveniles).
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
17 Jan 2017
    30 Aug 2016
    Germany
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the draft law “Gesetz zur Ausland-Ausland-Fernmeldeaufklärung des Bundesnachrichtendienstes,” presented by the Government on 28 June 2016, which would, if enacted, amend Germany’s existing regulations on the surveillance of communications between non-German citizens. The draft law raises concerns about undue restrictions to the exercise of the right to freedom of expression as guaranteed under international human rights law, in particular as exercised by journalists and lawyers.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
21 Oct 2016
21 Oct 2016 (Annex)
    25 Aug 2016
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el ataque perpetrado en contra del domicilio del Sr. Ramón Cadena Rámila, abogado y defensor de derechos humanos en Guatemala y director regional para América Central de la organización no gubernamental Comisión Internacional de Juristas.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Oct 2016 (Annex)
    19 Aug 2016
    Türkiye
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
Information received concerning arbitrary and incommunicado detention, torture and ill-treatment, and denial of fundamental rights of detainees in the aftermath of the failed coup attempt of 15 July 2016.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
22 Aug 2016
01 Dec 2016
    19 Aug 2016
    Mexico
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Información recibida en relación con alegaciones de intervención de comunicaciones privadas y la deslegitimización de personas defensoras de derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
08 Nov 2016
    16 Aug 2016
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the repeated prosecution under charges of illegal demonstration and belonging to a forbidden group of Mr. X, who was acquitted four times by a court for the same charges.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Jan 2017
    15 Aug 2016
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged lack of investigation into torture and other ill-treatment of Mr. Mohammed Ramadan, a Bahraini citizen, resulting in a false confession that led to his conviction and the imposition of the death penalty.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
14 Oct 2016
    10 Aug 2016
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning systematic persecution and repression of the Shias in Bahrain through undue restrictions to their rights to freedom of religion or belief, freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, including: dissolution of Al-Wefaq National Islamic Society, shutting down of faith based organizations, restriction on the practice of Khums, harassment of Shia clerics, restrictions on Friday Prayers and peaceful assembly, denaturalization of Ayatollah Sheikh Isa Qassim and other Shias, discriminatory treatment of Dr. Abduljalil Al-Singace in prison and the travel ban imposed on Sheikh Maytham Al-Salman.
Alleged victims: 28
More details...
09 Sep 2016
22 Sep 2016
    02 Aug 2016
    Mauritania
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • torture
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant l’arrestation et la détention arbitraires, et allégations de torture et de mauvais traitements de vingt-trois personnes.
Alleged victims: 23
More details...
    29 Jul 2016
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged risk of execution of Mr. Mir Quasem Ali, following a trial that did not meet international standards of fair trial and due process.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    28 Jul 2016
    Türkiye
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning a series of repressive measures taken following the attempted coup on 14 July 2016, hereunder the arrest of human rights lawyer, journalist, and former President of the Human Rights Agenda Association, Mr. Orhan Kemal Cengiz, and his wife, Ms. Sibel Semira Hurtas, a journalist writing on issues of women’s rights and state crimes.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
22 Aug 2016
06 Dec 2016
    27 Jul 2016
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received regarding the alleged imminent execution of 15 prisoners in Indonesia.
Alleged victims: 14
More details...
    26 Jul 2016
    Kenya
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged disappearance, torture and extra-judicial executions of a human rights lawyer, Mr. Willie Kimani, as well as Mr. Josephat Mwenda and Mr. Joseph Muiruri.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    26 Jul 2016
    Argentina
    JAL
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en respecto a la situación de una mujer, quien fue condenada a ocho años de prisión después de haber sufrido, según consta, un aborto espontáneo.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Sep 2016
02 Nov 2016
    25 Jul 2016
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning allegations of arbitrary arrest, detention and disappearence of human rights defenders, Mr. Somphone Phimmasone, Mr. Soukane Chaithad, and Ms. Lodkham Thammavong.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    22 Jul 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrests and detentions of leading human rights lawyer and co-founder of the Defenders of Human Rights Centre (DHRC) Mr. Abdolfattah Soltani, former student activist Mr. Arash Sadeghi, and human rights defender and journalist Ms. Narges Mohammadi, all currently held in Evin Prison under unreasonably harsh and unjust conditions.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
09 Aug 2016
28 Dec 2016
05 Jan 2017
07 Feb 2017
    18 Jul 2016
    South Sudan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the continued arbitrary detention of four Kenyan nationals in South Sudan.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    18 Jul 2016
    Israel
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of two Palestinian children.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    14 Jul 2016
    Ukraine
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary detention of Mr. Evgenii Mefiodov, lack of due process and fair trial guarantees in the criminal proceedings against him, threats against his defence lawyers, and serious interference, pressures and threats against the judges involved in the various proceedings against him.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Oct 2016
    08 Jul 2016
    Paraguay
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
Información recibida en relación con las alegadas restricciones al libre ejercicio de las funciones profesionales y a la libertad de expresión de la abogada Julia Cabello Alonso.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Oct 2016
    06 Jul 2016
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Información recibida acerca del supuesto trato cruel y degradante al abogado Juan Carlos Gutiérrez y de los obstáculos al libre ejercicio de sus funciones profesionales, como abogado defensor del Sr. Leopoldo López Mendoza.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
26 Aug 2016
    01 Jul 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe. Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, aged 37, is a project manager for the Thomson-Reuters Foundation, where she deals with training projects. She is a dual Iranian-British national and her daughter is a British citizen.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
25 Aug 2016
    30 Jun 2016
    Maldives
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged imminent execution of Mr. Hussain Humaam Ahmed following judicial procedures that did not meet international standards of fair trial and due process of law.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    29 Jun 2016
    Lebanon
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the case of Ms. Layal Al Kayaje, who is facing imminent trial before a military court for “defamation and libel against the Lebanese army”. Ms. Layal Al Kayaje is a 31-year-old Palestinian, born in Lebanon from a Lebanese mother. She resides in Abra, Saida, and is a former owner of a veterinary clinic in Abra.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jun 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of Ms. Homa Hoodfar. Ms. Homa Hoodfar, aged 65, is an internationally renowned and widely published anthropologist researcher, of Iranian, Canadian and Irish nationalities. She studied a range of issues related to women’s roles and status in Muslim contexts as well as on development, refugees and informal economy. Apart from teaching at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada, she regularly participated in international research projects, including in partnerships with universities, research-based networks such as Women Living Under Muslims Laws, and civil society organizations such as Shirkat Gah (Women’s Resource Centre).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
22 Aug 2016
    08 Jun 2016
    Spain
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Información recibida con respecto a la posible extradición del Sr. Bobir Tadjiev de España a Uzbekistán, un país donde se encontraría en alto riesgo de sufrir tortura y tratos crueles, inhumanos y degradantes.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
25 Jul 2016
11 Aug 2016
    07 Jun 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention and denial of due process guarantees to Mr. Nizar Ahmed Zakka, a Lebanese citizen.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
04 Jan 2017
    02 Jun 2016
    Guatemala
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • toxics and human rights
  • environment
Información recibida en relación con las supuestas amenazas e intimidación contra la jueza Karla Damaris Hernández García, magistrada titular del Juzgado Pluripersonal de Primera Instancia Penal, Narcoactividad y Delitos contra el Medio Ambiente del departamento de Petén, y defensora de derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
22 Nov 2016
    31 May 2016
    France
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Allégations concernant la possible extradition imminente d’un opposant politique kazakh de la France vers un pays où il risquerait d’être ensuite extradé vers le Kazakhstan, un pays où il risque d’être soumis à de la torture et/ou à des mauvais traitements et d’être persécuté et détenu arbitrairement pour son engagement politique et l’exercice de son droit à la liberté d’opinion et d’expression. Selon les informations reçues, M. Mukhtar Ablyazov, ancien prisonnier politique au Kazakhstan où il a été victime de torture et autres mauvais traitements ayant obtenu l’asile politique au Royaume-Uni, a été arrêté le 31 juillet 2013 à Mouans-Sartoux par la police française. Le Premier Ministre a signé le décret d’extradition de M. Ablyazov vers la Russie le 17 septembre 2015, après des procédures judiciaires qui auraient été entachées par des allégations sérieuses de partialité et d’erreurs de procédure commises par les autorités judiciaires françaises, d’interférences de tiers dans les procédures d’extradition, et d’obstacles imposés à M. Ablyazov et à ses avocats dans la préparation et la présentation adéquates de sa défense. Une décision finale du Conseil d’Etat est attendue très prochainement. Bien que M. Ablyazov n’ait pas lui-même directement fait l’objet de communications antérieures émanant des procédures spéciales, des proches de M. Ablyazov ont fait l’objet de communications précédentes envoyées par plusieurs titulaires de mandat : Mme Alma Shalabayeva, épouse de M. Ablyazov, et leur fille alors âgée de six ans, ont fait l’objet de deux appels urgents envoyés les 7 juin et 17 juillet 2013 (voire les cas ITA 1/2013 et KAZ 3/2013 dans le rapport A/HRC/25/74); M. Alexandr Pavlov, ancien garde du corps et chef de la sécurité de M. Ablyazov, a fait l’objet de deux appels urgents envoyés les 24 juillet et 22 novembre 2013 (voire les cas ESP 2/2013 et ESP 6/2013 dans le rapport A/HRC/25/74).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Jun 2016
    30 May 2016
    Kyrgyzstan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
In this connection, we would like to bring to the attention of your Government information we have received concerning alleged telephone threats against human rights lawyer, Mr. Sardorbek Abdukhalilov. Mr. Sardorbek Abdukhalilov is a human rights lawyer and staff at Public Association “Spravedlivost” Jalal-Abad Human Rights Organisation. Mr. Abdukhalilov litigates cases in the area of arbitrary detention, torture and other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment on behalf of victims. Spravedlivost is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation that aims to promote the rule of law and human rights, and combats torture by providing legal assistance to victims. As a member of the Coalition Against Torture in Kyrgyzstan, Spravedlivost prepares reports regarding the implementation by the Kyrgyz Republic of its obligations under international human rights law. Spravedlivost was named as the 2014 winner of the Max van der Stoel Award, for its work in promoting and protecting the rights of national and ethnic minorities. SUMMARY: Alleged threats made to a human rights lawyer in connection to his litigation and legal assistance focused on combating torture and arbitrary detention. According to the information received, on 26 January 2016, at approximately 4:30 p.m., Mr. Sardorbek Abdukhalilov received a phone call from the Head of the Temporary Detention Facility in Jalal-Abad, Kyrgyzstan, during which the latter threatened to cause physical harm to Mr. Abdukhalilov. Concern is expressed at the threats addressed to the person of Mr. Abdukhalilov in what appears to be retaliation for his exercise of the right to freedom of expression and of association, as well as for his legitimate human rights work, in particular litigation and legal assistance towards combating torture and arbitrary detention.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    13 May 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • torture
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
Alleged imminent risk of execution of a juvenile offender. According to the information received, Mr. X was handed the death penalty in April 2013, after a criminal court convicted him of the alleged murder and rape of a friend. He was fifteen years old when he was arrested in May 2012. Following his arrest, Mr. X was allegedly placed in solitary confinement for 15 days and denied access to a lawyer during the investigation phase. During this time he was allegedly subjected to torture and other forms of ill-treatment, including beatings, floggings and suspension from his arms and legs, and forced to confess to the killing and raping of his friend. Mr. X’s execution is reportedly scheduled for 15 May 2016 in Shiraz’s Adel Abad Prison. Grave concern is inter alia expressed that the death penalty has been imposed against Mr. X who was less than 18 years old at the time of the alleged crime, in contravention of international human rights law, and following judicial proceedings that may not have fulfilled the most stringent guarantees of fair trial and due process.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Oct 2016
    13 May 2016
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged imminent execution of between 10 to 15 prisoners on death row in Indonesia for offences that do not meet the threshold of “most serious crimes” as required under international law. According to the information received, on 10 May 2016, the Attorney General of Indonesia confirmed that a new round of executions would be carried out “in the near future”. The Government has not released the names of those who are thought to be listed for execution or the dates; however, reports indicate that between 10 and 15 death row prisoners have been selected for execution. It is presumed that executions will target drug offenders, and may include Mr. Humphrey Jefferson Ejike Eleweke (Nigerian), Mr. Agus Hadi (Indonesian) and Mr. Pujo Lestari (Indonesian). Some prisoners have reportedly been moved to Batu prison in Nusakambangan prison island, where 13 executions took place in 2015. Four urgent appeals were previously sent regarding imminent executions of suspected drug offenders in Indonesia; on 10 December 2014 and 16 January 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case nos. IDN 2/2014 and IDN 1/2015; and, on 6 March and 24 April 2015, see A/HRC/30/27, case nos. IDN 2/2015 and IDN 4/2015.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    12 May 2016
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégations de détention arbitraire, de torture et de mauvais traitement d’un défenseur des droits de l’homme en République démocratique du Congo. Selon les informations reçues, le 15 décembre 2015, M. Jean-Marie Kalonji a été arrêté par des membres de la Garde républicaine à Kinshasa après avoir participé à une réunion avec des membres du mouvement dont il est président « quatrième voie, il est temps ». Il aurait été détenu incommunicado au siège de la Garde républicaine au Camp Tshatshi pendant quatre jours, durant lesquels il aurait subi des actes de torture. Le 19 décembre 2015, il a été transféré au siège de l’Agence nationale de renseignement où il a fait l’objet de mauvais traitements. Le 25 avril 2016, il a été transféré devant le Procureur Général de la République, puis le procureur de Kinshasa-Gombe et finalement présenté devant un magistrat. M. Kalonji serait actuellement détenu dans les locaux du procureur de Kinshasa-Gombe. Une décision au sujet de la demande de libération provisoire de M. Kalonji est attendue le 15 mai 2016.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    06 May 2016
    United States of America
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • terrorism
Allegations concerning the denial of access to adequate medical care of a detainee held in United States of America custody at the Guantanamo Bay detention facilities, as well as obstacles to the work of his legal team. According to the information received, Mr. Mustafa al-Hawsawi suffers from a number of serious medical conditions, potentially as a result of the treatment suffered, including so-called enhanced interrogation techniques, while in the custody of the Central Intelligence Agency between 2003 and 2006, and is in chronic physical pain. Serious concern is expressed regarding the alleged denial of adequate medical care to Mr. Al-Hawsawi that is leading to the deterioration of his state of health and to inhuman detention conditions, as well as the impediments faced by Mr. Al-Hawsawi’s legal team in his legal representation. Mr. Al-Hawsawi was the subject of a previous communication sent on 30 November 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. USA 31/2012.
Alleged victims: 1
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20 Jul 2016
    02 May 2016
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary and incommunicado detention, and denial of due process and fair trial of a human rights defender. According to the information received, on 18 August 2015, Mr. Nasser bin Ghaith was arrested by State Security officers at his house. It is alleged that the arrest was made in connection with posts he had made on social media about the Egyptian Government; however the legal basis was not provided. On 4 April 2016, after eight months of being detained incommunicado, during which time he was allegedly tortured and ill-treated, Mr. Bin Ghaith was brought to the State Security Chamber of the Federal Supreme Court in Abu Dhabi. It is reported that the hearing failed to meet guarantees of due process and fair trial. The next hearing was subsequently scheduled for 2 May 2016. Mr. Bin Ghaith was the subject of six previous communications sent on 26 April 2011, see A/HRC/18/51, case ARE 4/2011; 27 September 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case ARE 6/2011; 25 November 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case ARE 8/2011; 7 November 2012, see A/HRC/24/21 and A/HRC/22/67, case ARE 7/2012; 20 June 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case ARE 3/2013; and on 27 August 2015, see A/HRC/31/79, case ARE 3/2015.
Alleged victims: -
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31 May 2016
    28 Apr 2016
    India
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged harassment, attacks and threats against five women human rights defenders. According to the information received, on 3 October 2015, a resolution was passed by the Bastar Bar Association, prohibiting Ms. Shalini Gera and Ms. Isha Khandelwal, two human rights lawyers, from representing their clients, indigenous Adivasis, in Jagdalpur. Following a complaint by the lawyers, an interim order allowed them to practice again. On 18 February 2016, the landlord of Ms. Gera and Ms. Khandelwal was pressured by police to evict the lawyers from their offices. In January 2016, after Ms. Bela Bhatia had assisted several Adivasi women who had allegedly been raped by police officers, she faced intimidation from a police organisation. Police visited her home numerous times and her mobile phone was tracked. On 20 February 2016, the landlady of Ms. Bhatia was called to the police station in Jagdalpur and pressured to ask Ms. Bhatia to leave her home. On 7 February 2016, the home of Ms. Malini Subramanium, a journalist, was targeted by a group of 20 persons shouting abusive slogans at her. On 18 February, Ms. Subramanium’s landlord was forced by the police to evict Ms. Subramanium from her residence. On 1 August 2015, Ms. Soni Sori, an indigenous rights defender, held a press conference on the murder of a villager, and subsequently became the object of a slander campaign. On 20 February 2016, she was attacked by three unidentified men throwing chemical substance near Jawbanga, Chhattisgarh, resulting in her hospitalisation.
Alleged victims: 5
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    08 Apr 2016
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
Alleged imminent execution of the leader of the Bangladeshi opposition party Jamaat-e-Islami following an unfair trial. According to the information received, in 2014, Mr. Motiur Rahman Nizami, aged 72, was sentenced to death by the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh on charges of murder, rape and the mass killing of intellectuals during Bangladesh’s War of Independence in 1971. His trial and appeal process reportedly failed to meet international standards on fair trial and due process. On 6 March 2016, the Supreme Court decided to uphold the death sentence against him. The defendant may be executed at any time. Grave concern is expressed at the imminent execution of Mr. Nizami following judicial proceedings at the International Crimes Tribunal in Bangladesh that may not have fulfilled the most stringent guarantees of fair trial and due process for the imposition of the death penalty. Mr. Nizami was the subject of two previous communications sent on 3 October 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. BGD 6/2012, and 16 November 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. BGD 8/2012.
Alleged victims: 1
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15 Apr 2016
    31 Mar 2016
    Egypt
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary and unfair disciplinary proceedings against at least 71 judges, reportedly for exercising their rights to freedom of expression, opinion, peaceful assembly and association. According to the information received, at least 71 judges were subject to alleged arbitrary and unfair disciplinary proceedings in two cases referred to as the “July 2013 Statement Case” and the “Judges for Egypt Case”. It is reported that at least 46 judges were forcibly retired from their offices as a result of the proceedings. With regards to both cases, it is alleged that the proceedings contravened the judges’ right to a fair hearing by an independent and impartial organ, as well as their rights to freedom of expression, opinion, peaceful assembly and association. Grave concern is expressed that the proceedings may form part of a widespread crackdown carried out by the Egyptian authorities against members of the judiciary, causing a chilling effect on judicial independence.
Alleged victims: -
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28 Dec 2016
    09 Mar 2016
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alegaciones relativas a la falta de transparencia, publicidad y objetividad en el proceso de elección de los magistrados y las magistradas de la Corte de Constitucionalidad para el periodo 2016-2021 en Guatemala. Según la información recibida, el proceso de elección de los magistrados y las magistradas de la Corte de Constitucionalidad para el periodo 2016-2021 que actualmente se está desarrollando en Guatemala, no cumpliría con el marco legal y la jurisprudencia nacional, así como con los estándares internacionales de los derechos humanos en materia de independencia judicial, en particular en cuanto a la transparencia y objetividad de los procesos de selección de magistrados. Se expresa preocupación de que esa falta de transparencia, publicidad y objetividad en los procesos de selección de los candidatos a los cargos de magistrados titulares y suplentes de la Corte de Constitucionalidad aumente el riesgo de la politización e interferencias externas en los procesos de selección, y de este modo vulnere la garantía de la independencia e imparcialidad judicial.
Alleged victims: -
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    26 Feb 2016
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Comunicación relativa al desarrollo de tres procesos judiciales sobre violaciones manifiestas de las normas internacionales de derechos humanos y violaciones graves del derecho internacional humanitario, ocurridas durante el período del conflicto armado interno en Guatemala. Según las informaciones recibidas, procedimientos judiciales habrían iniciado en tres causas conocidas por los nombres de CREOMPAZ; Molina Theissen; y Sepur Zarco. Dieciocho militares en situación de retiro habrían sido objeto de órdenes de captura y habrían sido acusados de varios delitos incluyendo delitos de lesa humanidad, masacres, desaparición forzada, incluso en el caso de un niño, Marco Antonio Molina Theissen, así como la esclavitud sexual y laboral de mujeres q’eqchíes que vivían en la comunidad de Sepur Zarco, donde estaba ubicada una base militar durante la época del conflicto armado interno. En el contexto de estos procesos judiciales, se reportan un creciente número de mensajes y actos intimidatorios, incluyendo de grupos ligados a los militares acusados, que buscarían desacreditar y presionar a las víctimas y a quienes les apoyan en este proceso. Esta comunicación se refiere a comunicaciones anteriores enviadas el 22 de diciembre de 2014, ver A/HRC/29/50, caso no. GTM 8/2014; 18 de agosto de 2014, ver A/HRC/28/85, caso no. GTM 5/2014; el 2 de mayo 2014, ver A/HRC/27/72, caso no. GTM 4/2014; el 30 de octubre 2013, ver A/HRC/25/74, caso no. GTM 9/2013; el 17 de mayo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso, no. GTM 5/2013; y el 15 de marzo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso no. GTM 2/2013.
Alleged victims: -
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06 Apr 2016
24 May 2016
    25 Feb 2016
    Thailand
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged charges, detention and/or convictions of 26 persons in relation to lèse-majesté offences, for having exercised their right to freedom of opinion and expression. According to the information received, between May 2010 and August 2015, 26 persons were arrested, detained and/or convicted under article 112 of the Thai Criminal Code (also known as the lèse-majesté law) and section 14 of the Computer Crime Act. The 26 persons concerned are: Mr. Opas Chamsuksai, Mr. Thiansutham Sutthijittaseranee, Mr. Hasadin Uraipaiwan, Mr. Wittaya Wongpoe, Mr. Samak Pantae, Mr. Phongsak Sribunpeng, Ms. Sasiwimol Patomwongfa-ngarm, Mr. Siraphob Kornaroot, Mr. Juesong Sae-kow, Mr. Nguenkhun Udonkunakorn, Ms. Anchan Preelert, Mr. Prajakchai Chumkam, Ms. Jaruwan Eiampong, Mr. Anon Masin, Mr. Chartchai Maneerat, Mr. Ekkachai Hongkangwan, Mr. Yossawaris Chuklom, Mr. Prasit Chaisrisa, Mr. Patiwat Saraiyaem, Ms. Porntip Munkhong, Mr. Udomsak Wattanaworachaiwathin, Mr. Chaleaw Chankiat, Mr. Piya Jullakittipan, Mr. Tanapon Bumrungsuk, Mr. Jaran Ditapichai, and Mr. Sombat Boonngam-anong. Fifteen of these persons were tried by military courts, despite being civilians. The above-mentioned persons were charged under article 112 of the Thai Criminal Code and section 14 of the Computer Crime Act, inter alia, for expressing opinions either in private or public spaces, including online. Concerns relate to the inconformity of the application of these provisions with article 19 of the ICCPR, not meeting the strict tests of necessity and proportionality. Concern is expressed at the “chilling effect” such convictions may have on the enjoyment of the right to freedom of opinion and expression in Thailand and at the continued restrictions on fundamental rights particularly affecting political opponents in Thailand following the military coup of 22 May 2014. A previous related communication concerning allegations related to charges against, detention and/or conviction of 21 persons under the lèse-majesté law was sent on 8 December 2014, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. THA 13/2014.
Alleged victims: 26
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29 Feb 2016
    24 Feb 2016
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
Presunto asesinato de un abogado y defensor de los derechos humanos. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 22 de enero, el Sr. Héctor Sánchez Lozada, abogado y defensor de los derechos humanos fue matado por dos personas en motocicleta, saliendo de una visita con un cliente en la Ciudad de Maturín en el Estado de Monagas. Se expresa preocupación por el presunto asesinato del Sr. Lozada que podría estar directamente relacionado con el desempeño de sus funciones de abogado y su trabajo en defensa de los derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: 1
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07 Sep 2016
    24 Feb 2016
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
Alleged serious threats to kill a lawyer and human rights defender as a result of her legitimate human rights work. According to the information received, on 3 February 2016, while in Sri Lanka, Ms. Asma Jahangir, a prominent lawyer and human rights defender, was advised not to return to Pakistan as she received credible information that “Daesh” had planned an attack against her. Despite promises by government officials that her security and that of her family would be increased, such increase in protection has not happened at this stage. Ms. Jahangir was the subject of five previous communications sent on 15 June 2012, A/HRC/22/47/Add.4, case no. PAK 8/2012; 24 January 2011, A/HRC/19/55/Add.2, case no. PAK 1/2011; 16 November 2007, A/HRC/7/28/Add.1, case no. PAK 16/2007; 30 January 2006, A/HRC/4/37/Add.1, case no. PAK 2/2006; and 18 May 2005, see E/CN.4/2006/95/Add.1, case no. PAK 7/2005.
Alleged victims: 1
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    19 Feb 2016
    Lesotho
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary arrest of, charges and serious threats against a lawyer representing members of the Lesotho Defence Force accused of plotting a mutiny. According to the information received, Mr. Kgotso Nthontho, a prominent lawyer representing three members of the Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) accused of plotting a mutiny, was arrested on 12 February 2016. The charges against him reportedly relate to alleged perjury and appear to be directly related to his efforts in challenging the detention of his clients. Mr. Nthontho was released on the same day after the High Court had ordered his immediate and unconditional release. Mr. Nthontho had previously been directly threatened in court by members of the LDF; he had also been followed and monitored and his name, together with the names of other lawyers representing soldiers detained on mutiny charges, had appeared on a ‘hit list’ circulated on social media back in November 2015. His arrest took place in a context of increasing threats and attacks against the independence of the judiciary and lawyers, and decline of the rule of law in Lesotho following the arrest and detention of a number of LDF soldiers and the killing of the former Commander of the LDF, which were the subject of a previous communication sent on 30 November 2015, see A/HRC/31/79, case no. LSO 1/2015.
Alleged victims: 1
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01 Jun 2016
    12 Feb 2016