Communication report and search
OHCHR.org

753 communications found
Date, Country,
Type and
ref. no. of
communication
Mandates Summary Replies
received
    14 Sep 2020
    Turkey
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the adverse impact that the amendments to article 159 of the Constitution, introduced by Act No. 6771, have on the independence of the judiciary and the separation of powers.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
09 Oct 2020
    26 Aug 2020
    Turkey
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Concern with the framework of anti-terrorism laws implemented by Your Excellency’s Government and its compatibility with Turkey’s international and human rights law obligations. In particular, we express serious concern with Anti-Terror Law No. 3713 (“Anti-Terror Law”) and the amendments made to this law and the Penal Code through Law No. 7145 adopted on 31 July 2018.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    13 Aug 2020
    China
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the trial and sentencing, behind closed doors, of Mr. Yu Wensheng.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    05 Aug 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the reported arbitrary arrest, detention and ill-treatment of Ali Younesi.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    29 Jul 2020
    Egypt
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received regarding continued detention of human rights defenders and other individuals in Egyptian prisons, who, since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, have had their communication with the outside world heavily restricted, their pre-trial detentions renewed in absentia and are at grave risk of contracting the COVID-19 virus.
Alleged victims: 12
More details...
    23 Jun 2020
    United States of America
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • hazardous substances
  • human rights defenders
  • international order
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • unilateral coercive measures
Information received concerning the implementation of policies and initiatives aimed at influencing the independence of the International Criminal Court (ICC)
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 Jun 2020
    Ecuador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia e imparcialidad judicial en el país. En particular, quisiera señalar información recibida sobre el proceso que resultó en la cesación de jueces y conjueces de la Corte Nacional de Justicia del Ecuador.
Alleged victims: 47
More details...
11 Aug 2020
14 Sep 2020
14 Sep 2020
14 Sep 2020
14 Sep 2020
14 Sep 2020
    10 Jun 2020
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention, torture and ill-treatment of Mr. Ariful Islam.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    08 Jun 2020
    United States of America
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • hazardous substances
  • health
  • housing
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • mercenaries
  • minority issues
  • older persons
  • poverty
  • racism
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • torture
Information received concerning several recent killings of people of African descent in apparently State-endorsed operations in the United States
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    02 Jun 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information concerning the criteria for temporary release of prisoners due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Aug 2020
    26 May 2020
    Samoa
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
General concerns with regard to the current procedures for the appointment and dismissal of the Chief Justice, Attorney General, judges, and members of the Judicial Service Commission
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 May 2020
    Belarus
    JAL
  • Belarus
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning detention of over 120 persons in connection with their participation in protests or for having otherwise peacefully expressed their views.
Alleged victims: 120
More details...
    12 May 2020
    Mexico
    JAL
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación a presuntos actos constitutivos de tortura y otras violaciones al derecho a la integridad personal en contra del Sr. Yonny Ronay Chacón González (en adelante denominado el Sr. Chacón González), durante su detención en el estado de Chiapas, México y llevadas a cabo por agentes de la Policía Judicial del estado mencionado. Así como en contra de los Sres. Jesús Iván Figueroa Gómez, Luis Adrián Figueroa Gómez y Juan Antonio Figueroa Gómez durante su detención en el estado de Chihuahua, México, y llevadas a cabo por agentes ministeriales adscritos a la unidad antiextorsión del estado mencionado.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    06 May 2020
    India
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act 2019 (the amended Act), to the current counter-terrorism legislation, the 1967 Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (the Act), and raising concerns in relation to its compatibility with your Excellency’s Government’s obligations under international human rights law and in relation to pertinent international standards of counter-terrorism legislation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 May 2020
    Kyrgyzstan
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • torture
Information received regarding the repeated denial of a right to fair trial of human rights defender Mr. Azimjan Askarov, whose health is severely deteriorating in his place of detention.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Jun 2020
    05 May 2020
    Iraq
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the cases of 432 army cadets missing from Tikrit since 12 June 2014.
Alleged victims: 432
More details...
14 Oct 2020
    04 May 2020
    Chile
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informacion recibida en relación con la decisión de la Sala de Pleno de la Corte de Apelaciones de Santiago de Chile de 25 de marzo de 2020 de suspender los efectos de la sentencia de 19 marzo 2020 en la que el juez del 7° Juzgado de Garantía de Santiago, Daniel Urrutia Laubreaux, dispuso la sustitución de la prisión preventiva para 13 personas por arresto domiciliario. En la misma decisión de la Sala de Pleno ésta dispuso abrir un procedimiento disciplinario contra el juez Urrutia Laubreaux, ordenando la suspensión de sus funciones durante el procedimiento disciplinario.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Jun 2020
19 Jun 2020
19 Jun 2020
19 Jun 2020
    22 Apr 2020
    Turkey
    JAL
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the physical abuse and deportation to Iran of Messrs. Saeed Tamjidi and Mohammad Rajabi, who were later prosecuted and sentenced to death by the Iranian authorities
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
17 Jul 2020
    22 Apr 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, detention and sentencing to death of Messrs. Amir Hossein Moradi, Saeed Tamjidi, and Mohammad Rajabi, on charges of arson and property damage during the November 2019 protests in Tehran, and amid serious concerns related to due process, adherence to fair trial guarantees and use of torture to extract forced confessions.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    20 Apr 2020
    Kazakhstan
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the withdrawal of the licence to practice law and disbarment of two lawyers, Mr. Amanzhol Mukhanmedyarov and Mr. Erlan Gazymzhanov.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
15 Jul 2020
15 Jul 2020
15 Jul 2020
    02 Apr 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • arbitrary Detention
  • environment
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the continued arbitrary detention of human rights defenders and dual and foreign nationals in Iranian prisons, despite the suspected outbreak of COVID-19 in prison.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    25 Mar 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the imposition of the death penalty upon seven individuals, members of the Sunni Kurdish minority in Iran, as a result of legal proceedings, which have been reportedly marked by violations of due process and of fair trial standards.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    17 Mar 2020
    Madagascar
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant des allégations d’arrestation et de détention arbitraires de M. Mbola Rajaonah, chef d'entreprise malgache, détenteur du groupe de média RLM, président directeur général de la société de transit « Tafaray » et ancien conseiller d’un ancien président malgache.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    12 Mar 2020
    Zambia
    JAL
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
  • torture
Information received concerning the conviction and sentencing of Mr. Japhet Chataba and Mr. Steven Sambo to 15 years’ imprisonment for allegedly engaging in consensual same-sex relations, in violation of their right to privacy and non-discrimination, and their right to health and freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    09 Mar 2020
    Peru
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida respecto a la afectación de la remuneración de los y las magistradas del Poder Judicial, como consecuencia de una interpretación contraria a la jerarquía normativa nacional, distorsionándose los principios de independencia de los jueces de la Nación.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    25 Feb 2020
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • terrorism
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning allegations of torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment against Mr. Waleed bin Sami Abu al-Khair.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Apr 2020
    19 Feb 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning protests held in various parts of Iran since 11 January 2020 and the alleged disproportionate response by law enforcement, including excessive use of force leading to injury, arbitrary arrest and detention, enforced disappearance, and ill-treatment of protesters.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Feb 2020
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con un supuesto patrón de persecución política y judicial –con fines de represalia- así como actos de hostigamiento en contra de antiguas autoridades, líderes políticos y sociales vinculados al Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS), desde el establecimiento del actual Gobierno. Así, funcionarios de alto nivel del nuevo Gobierno anunciaron que habían presentado demandas judiciales contra antiguas autoridades y otros individuos relacionados con el MAS, especialmente por sedición, terrorismo, incumplimiento de deberes y otros delitos. En particular, el día 13 de noviembre del 2019, el actual Ministro de Gobierno habría declarado que el Gobierno habría ido a la “cacería” del Ministro de Presidencia. Varios de los casos impulsados por el Ministerio Público nacerían de denuncias presentadas o promovidas por las actuales autoridades.
Alleged victims: 11
More details...
15 May 2020
    13 Feb 2020
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida respecto a vulneraciones a los principios de transparencia, publicidad, independencia y objetividad en el proceso de elección de magistradas y magistrados de la Corte Suprema de Justicia y de la Corte de Apelaciones para el período 2019-2024, que se está desarrollando actualmente en Guatemala.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    06 Feb 2020
    Egypt
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning threats, intimidation and physical attacks against human rights lawyer, Mr. Gamal Eid.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
15 Apr 2020
    28 Jan 2020
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la supuesta detención arbitraria, desaparición forzada, incomunicación y falta de garantías procesales para un juicio justo, del Diputado de la Asamblea Nacional, Gilber Caro, y su asistente, el periodista Victor Ugas, quienes fueron arrestados el 20 de diciembre de 2019 por fuerzas de seguridad del Estado.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
27 Mar 2020
    27 Jan 2020
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the ongoing detention of Mr. Abdelrahman Chouman (عبدالرحمن شومان) and Mr. Ahmad Sobh (أحمد صبح) at Al Wathba prison.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    27 Jan 2020
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, continued detention without any charge and ill-treatment of Dr. Mohammed Al Khoudary, his son, Dr. Hani Al Khoudary and Mr. Adelrahman Mohammed Farhanah.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
27 Mar 2020
    02 Jan 2020
    Turkey
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and conviction of judge Sultani Temel
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
02 Mar 2020
    18 Dec 2019
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning the alleged decision not to permit practicing law to human rights lawyer Kumaravadivel Guruparan, apparently in reprisal against his peaceful human rights work.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    18 Dec 2019
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • torture
Information received concerning the use of force against protestors leading to the killing of at least 234 individuals, and the reported arrest of 7000 individuals. Concerns relating to conditions of detention including mistreatment of detainees, as well as restrictions on journalists covering the events.
Alleged victims: 7000
More details...
18 Feb 2020
    02 Dec 2019
    Uzbekistan
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning alleged acts of intimidation against civil society representatives who engaged and cooperated with the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers during the official visit undertook to Uzbekistan from 19 to 25 September 2019.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    22 Nov 2019
    Argentina
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • torture
Información recibida respecto a las presuntas represalias y hostigamiento que habría sufrido el abogado Mario Luis Coriolano, por el ejercicio de sus funciones como Defensor de Casación, así como por los presuntos malos tratos físicos y psíquicos y falta de atención médica con gravísimas consecuencias para su salud que habría sufrido Mónica Mego Velayresse, quien se encuentra detenida en un establecimiento penitenciario de la Provincia de Buenos Aires.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
06 Dec 2019
06 Dec 2019
06 Dec 2019
06 Dec 2019
    01 Nov 2019
    Belgium
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
Informations reçues concernant des allégations d’arrestation arbitraire et de violation de son droit à la vie privée de Mme Botagoz Jardemalie.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
08 Jan 2020
    01 Nov 2019
    Argentina
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida respecto a la presunta existencia de un Plan sistemático y estructural de amedrentamiento del Poder Judicial de la República de Argentina, que se refleja en los casos que se resumen a continuación. De acuerdo a dichas alegaciones dicho supuesto plan se estaría ejecutando por parte del Poder Ejecutivo por medio de una serie de actos concatenados, vinculados los unos a los otros estrechamente. Los alegados actos de intimidación y presión a los diversos órganos que componen el sistema judicial argentino, tales como el Ministerio Público y el Consejo de la Magistratura habrían socavado su independencia obstaculizando la posibilidad de una actuación imparcial en decisiones que afectan a los intereses del Poder Ejecutivo; así como disciplinando a los magistrados que hubieran dictado resoluciones contrarias a la voluntad del Ejecutivo.
Alleged victims: 15
More details...
25 Nov 2019
06 Jan 2020
    24 Oct 2019
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, solitary confinement, as well as on-going prosecution of Mr. Junaid Hafeez under blasphemy charges.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    14 Oct 2019
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance and torture of 20 individuals convicted in a mass trial. The individuals were accused of belonging to a terrorist organization under the Act No. 58 of 2006 on the Protection of Society from Terrorist Acts. We received information that, all of the 20 individuals convicted have remained in prison and have exhausted all available domestic remedies. In particular, we are concerned that the allegations of arbitrary arrests, disappearances, and deficiencies in fair trial proceedings have not been addressed by your Excellency’s government to date.
Alleged victims: 20
More details...
    18 Sep 2019
    Ecuador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida respecto a la situación del Poder Judicial del Ecuador, en particular, en relación al proceso de evaluación integral de las y los jueces y conjueces de la Corte Nacional de Justicia de la Republica de Ecuador.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Nov 2019
    11 Sep 2019
    Kuwait
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received regarding a number of cases associated with Ms. Maria Lazareva, namely the alleged lack of fair trial guarantees, including the lack of impartiality of prosecutors and tribunals; concern about the conduct of the Attorney General of Kuwait and intimidation towards the international legal team of Ms. Lazareva.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
18 Oct 2019
    09 Aug 2019
    Serbia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged harassment and verbal attacks from MPs of the National Assembly directed against particularly, Judge Miodrag Majic, but also Judge Omer Hadžiomerovic, both from the Court of Appeal in Belgrade.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
08 Sep 2020
    22 Jul 2019
    Kazakhstan
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning acts of harassment and discrimination directed towards a young lesbian couple and the unauthorized filming and posting of a video in social media, affecting their right to privacy.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
19 Sep 2019
    18 Jul 2019
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
En este contexto, quisiéramos señalar a la atención urgente del Gobierno de Su Excelencia la información que hemos recibido en relación a los actos de intimidación, ataques y represalias en contra del Juez Pablo Xitumul de Paz, Presidente del Tribunal de Primera Instancia Penal de Mayor Riesgo Grupo “C”, así como en contra de la Jueza de Primera Instancia Penal Erika Lorena Aifán Dávila, con competencia en casos de Mayor Riesgo, Grupo “D”. Estos actos podrían estar relacionados a sus posiciones independientes en su función jurisdiccional en casos de alto impacto. Asimismo, quisiéramos manifestar nuestra preocupación sobre la falta de garantías que aseguren una actuación independiente tanto a nivel individual para las juezas y los jueces, como institucional. Dicha fragilidad crea barreras para el acceso a la justicia, verdad y reparación, en particular en los casos de justicia de transición, lo que puede significar un grave retroceso en la lucha contra la impunidad.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
25 Sep 2019
    15 Jul 2019
    Nepal
    JOL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received regarding an amendment bill to revise the existing act of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) Act-2012, potentially severely undermining the NHRC’s authority, effectiveness and independence and limiting the Nepali people’s ability to access justice.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
17 Jan 2020
    12 Jul 2019
    Italy
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • international solidarity
  • migrants
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the arrest and subsequent release of, and two criminal investigations opened against Ms. Carola Rackete, as well as alleged threats to the independence of the judiciary arising from public statements by the Minister of Interior of Italy, Mr Matteo Salvini.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
11 Oct 2019
    12 Jul 2019
    Costa Rica
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre el proceso en marcha de selección y designación de las Altas Magistraturas Judiciales de Costa Rica, el cual podría no ajustarse a los estándares internacionales sobre la independencia judicial.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Jun 2019
    Solomon Islands
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning abuse of process and judicial harassment against an Australian national
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    28 Jun 2019
    Armenia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged interference with the independence of the judiciary emanating from the actions of the Armenian Prime Minister.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 Sep 2019
    21 Jun 2019
    Colombia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia judicial en el país, así como sobre posibles interferencias en la defensa del Sr. Luis Fernando Andrade Moreno por parte de la Fiscalía, en relación al proceso penal iniciado contra él.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Jul 2019
    12 Jun 2019
    Turkey
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations of torture and ill-treatment of former Turkish diplomats and staff from the Turkish foreign ministry in the Ankara police Headquarters
Alleged victims: 249
More details...
09 Aug 2019
    31 May 2019
    Uzbekistan
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations of torture and ill-treatment of Mr. Rashitjon Hamidovich Kadirov former Prosecutor General of Uzbekistan, currently held in the pre-trial detention facility of the Ministry of Interior in the Mirabadasky district of Tashkent.
Alleged victims: 18
More details...
30 Aug 2019
    31 May 2019
    Ukraine
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning allegations regarding the threats received by judge Viktoriia Prykhodko of the Marinskyi district court in the Donetsk region, in relation to a court ruling
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    31 May 2019
    Ukraine
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning allegations regarding the threats received by lawyer Valentyna Bohatchenko, in relation to the exercise of her profession.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Aug 2019
    28 May 2019
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged enforced disappearance of, and charges against, 15 individuals, including human rights defenders who are board members of the Egyptian Coordination for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF), in connection with case no. 1552/2018, and the alleged enforced disappearance of the Executive Director of the ECRF, who is charged in case no. 441/2018. Allegations have also been received regarding a reported smear campaign against a number of human rights organisations in Egyptian media.
Alleged victims: 33
More details...
    23 May 2019
    Poland
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning Justice Alina Czubieniak, , who has recently been subject to disciplinary proceedings as a consequence of a decision she took in the legitimate exercise of her judicial functions.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Jul 2019
    14 May 2019
    Mongolia
    JOL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the amendments to the Law on the Legal Status of Judges and the Law on Public Prosecutor’s Office, which introduce a new procedure for the dismissal of judges and heads of the prosecution service on the basis of a recommendation from the National Security Council of Mongolia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 May 2019
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the reported arrest and arbitrary detention of human rights defender Ms. Yasaman Aryani, Ms. Monireh Arabshahi and Ms. Mojgan Keshavarz by the Iranian authorities.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
02 Jul 2019
14 Nov 2019
    06 May 2019
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
allegations concerning the judicial harassment against and alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and ill-treatment of human rights lawyer, Mr. Mohamed Ramadan.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    01 May 2019
    Other actors
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • business
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of, and charges against, five labour rights defenders, as a result of their advocacy for labour rights and better working conditions at the Jasic Technology plant in Shenzhen, and for their attempts to form a trade union.
Alleged victims: 31
More details...
    01 May 2019
    China
    JAL
  • business
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of, and charges against, five labour rights defenders, as well as the enforced disappearance of one of them as a result of their advocacy for labour rights and better working conditions at the Jasic Technology factory in Shenzhen, and for their attempts to form a trade union.
Alleged victims: 31
More details...
21 May 2019
    29 Apr 2019
    Yemen
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the prosecution’s response towards Mr. Hamid Kamali bin Haydara’s appeal against his death sentence.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    29 Apr 2019
    Other actors
    JUA
  • minority issues
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the prosecution’s response towards Mr. Hamid Kamali bin Haydara’s appeal against his death sentence.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    01 Apr 2019
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • environment
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged continued arbitrary detention of eight environmental scientists, some of whom were reportedly subjected to torture and other-ill treatment.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
    20 Mar 2019
    United States of America
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the remarks made by the U.S. President’s National Security Adviser, Mr. John R. Bolton, against the International Criminal Court (ICC)
Alleged victims: -
More details...
22 Jul 2019
    15 Mar 2019
    Peru
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la posible extradición de dos ciudadanos peruanos a Venezuela.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
29 Apr 2019
29 Apr 2019
29 Apr 2019
29 Apr 2019
29 Apr 2019
29 Apr 2019
29 Apr 2019
29 Apr 2019
29 Apr 2019
    13 Mar 2019
    Mauritania
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant la vulnération de l'indépendance judiciaire en Mauritanie et des conditions essentielles des garanties liées à l'exercice de la profession d'avocat, telles comme les sanctions économiques déguisés, ce qui pourrait conduire à des graves violations des droits de l’homme
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    27 Feb 2019
    South Sudan
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Allegations concerning the arrest, arbitrary detention and investigation of Mr. Peter Biar Ajak.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    25 Feb 2019
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning Mr Kashoggi's killing.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
23 Apr 2019
    13 Feb 2019
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the forthcoming disbarment of Mr. Emil Kurbedinov, allegedly as an act of reprisal for his legitimate work in defence of human rights.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Mar 2019
    08 Feb 2019
    Nigeria
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the suspension and replacement of the Chief Justice of Nigeria, Honourable Justice Walter Nkanu Samuel Onnoghen, which appear to be in contravention of international human rights standards relating to the independence of the judiciary.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    06 Feb 2019
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la supuesta falta de independencia de la judicatura y fiscalía de Venezuela, incluido el Tribunal Supremo de Justicia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    30 Jan 2019
    Turkey
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the allegedly arbitrary arrest, detention and conviction of the President of the Independent Turkish Judges Association YARSAV, judge Murat Arslan.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
27 Mar 2019
    30 Jan 2019
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • foreign debt
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre el presunto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia judicial, asegurar un entorno propicio para la labor de jueces y juezas, magistrados y magistradas, y fiscales, así como fortalecer la lucha contra los flujos ilícitos de fondos.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Apr 2019
    28 Jan 2019
    Ukraine
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the draft law on “The Bar and Practice of Law”, which includes a number of provisions that could jeopardise the free and independent exercise of the legal profession and the capacity of the national bar association to defend the interests of their members and the independence of the legal profession in general.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Jan 2019
    Ecuador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia e imparcialidad judicial en el país. En particular, se ha remitido a esta relatoría información sobre la posible falta de imparcialidad de los tribunales encargados de las investigaciones respecto de los procesos iniciados contra el ex presidente de Ecuador, D. Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
29 Mar 2019
29 Mar 2019
29 Mar 2019
29 Mar 2019
29 Mar 2019
29 Mar 2019
29 Mar 2019
29 Mar 2019
29 Mar 2019
    21 Dec 2018
    Hungary
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the new legislative package on administrative courts, adopted by the Parliament on 12 December 2018, which will create a new system of courts by January 2020 to handle issues related to State administration. It is feared that the new administrative court system would place the new administrative court system under the control of the Minister of Justice, which might undermine the rule of law, and in particular the principles of judicial independence and the separation of powers.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Dec 2018
    Republic of Moldova
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the unfair dismissal and ongoing criminal prosecution against judge Domnica Manole.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
20 Feb 2019
    11 Dec 2018
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the imposition of the death penalty, including cases where there is an immediate risk of execution, and the conduct of trials in the Bahrain.
Alleged victims: 20
More details...
07 Feb 2019
11 Feb 2019
    10 Dec 2018
    Serbia
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the draft Law on “Free Legal Aid".
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Jan 2019
    07 Dec 2018
    Philippines
    JUA
  • executions
  • food
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged extrajudicial or arbitrary killing of Mr. Benjamin Ramos Jr., a human rights lawyer. We also received reports of death threats against Mr. Felipe Levy Gelle Jr., Ms. Enrita Caniendo and Ms. Clarizza Singson-Dagatan, human rights defenders working with Mr. Ramos.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
10 Dec 2018
    21 Nov 2018
    Argentina
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la destitución del juez Luis Federico Arias de su cargo en el Departamento Judicial de La Plata, Provincia de Buenos Aires. Asimismo, quisiera llamar a la atención de su Excelencia el hecho de que se haya presuntamente producido un nombramiento de jueces y juezas en la Corte Suprema de Justicia a través de un Decreto de Necesidad y Urgencia en lugar de proceder bajo el procedimiento constitucionalmente establecido.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
21 Jan 2019
    20 Nov 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning Mr. Mohammad Ali Taheri, who is currently serving a five-year prison sentence for the offence of “spreading corruption on earth”.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Jan 2019
    16 Nov 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the persecution of Mr. Salman al-Awdah, an influential religious figure who has over 14 million followers on Twitter, who is known for his calls for reforms and as an advocate for greater respect of human rights within the framework of the Shari’a law.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
11 Jan 2019
    15 Nov 2018
    Republic of Korea
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning alleged irregular surveillance of judges and their representative organisations, interference with their independence and ineffective investigations carried out by the competent national bodies on these issues.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
30 Jan 2019
    05 Nov 2018
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance and torture of 20 individuals convicted in a mass trial after they were accused of belonging to a terrorist organization.
Alleged victims: 20
More details...
04 Jan 2019
16 Jan 2019
    22 Oct 2018
    Turkey
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning a number of law decrees adopted during the state of emergency, which could undermine the right of access to justice and jeopardise the right of legal practitioners to carry out their professional activities
Alleged victims: -
More details...
21 Dec 2018
    10 Oct 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the arbitrary arrests and detentions of the human rights defenders, Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham, Ms. Samar Badawi, Ms. Nassima Al-Sadah, Ms. Nouf Abdulaziz, Ms. Mayya Al-Zahrani, Ms. Hatoon Al-Fassi.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
29 Oct 2018
29 Jan 2019
    03 Oct 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Information received concerning the reported arrest and arbitrary detention of human rights defender Mr. Farhad Meysami by the Iranian authorities.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Sep 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the reported arrest and arbitrary detention of human rights defenders Ms. Hoda Amid, Ms. Najmeh Vahedi and Ms. Rezvaneh Mohammadi, by the Iranian authorities, as well as the continued detention and aggravated charges brought against human rights defender Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh, and the subsequent arrest of her husband, Mr. Reza Khandan.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    26 Sep 2018
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the human rights defenders Mr. Shadi al-Ghazali Harb, Ms. Amal Fathy, Mr. Wael Abbas, Mr. Mohamed Ibrahim Radwan, and Mr. Haytham Mohamadein, who are all being detained on charges relating to freedom of expression and association.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
23 Jan 2019
    25 Sep 2018
    Paraguay
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el inicio de un procedimiento de acusación ante el Jurado de Enjuiciamiento de Magistrados (JEM) contra los magistrados que resolvieron el Recurso Extraordinario de Casación en el asunto conocido como “Caso Curuguaty”.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
23 Nov 2018
    18 Sep 2018
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el presunto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia judicial en el país, así como de asegurar un entorno propicio y seguro para la labor de jueces y juezas, magistrados y magistradas.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    17 Sep 2018
    Argentina
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informacion recivida en relación con las alegaciones de detención y violencia hacia el abogado y defensor de derechos humanos, el Sr. Iván Bordón.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018
15 Nov 2018
    12 Sep 2018
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información adicional recibida en relación a la detención y alegaciones de tortura del Sr. Jaimes Criollo
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
03 Jan 2019
    03 Sep 2018
    Colombia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia e imparcialidad judicial en el país.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
31 Oct 2018
    29 Aug 2018
    Uganda
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • torture
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged torture and ill-treatment of Mr. Robert Ssentamu Kyagulanyi.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    28 Aug 2018
    Morocco
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant des présumées actions d’intimidation et de violence répétées par le Royaume du Maroc à l’égard de l’avocate Me Ingrid Metton.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Nov 2018
    27 Aug 2018
    El Salvador
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la supuesta acefalía de la que adolecería la Sala de lo Constitucional de la Corte Suprema de Justicia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Aug 2018
    China
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the use of Residential Surveillance in a Designated Location (RSDL) as amended in the 2012 Criminal Procedure Law Article 73, in relation to persons suspected of endangering State security, of terrorist activities or of involvement in major bribery and where confinement in their own home may ‘impede the investigation’.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Nov 2018
    15 Aug 2018
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning Ms. Irina Biryukova and Mr. Evgeny Makarov.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
16 Oct 2018
    13 Aug 2018
    Chile
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • terrorism
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia judicial en su país, así como asegurar un entorno propicio y seguro para la labor de jueces y magistrados.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
17 Aug 2018
21 Nov 2018
    31 Jul 2018
    India
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of Mr. Surendra Gadling, Mr. Rona Wilson, Ms. Shoma Sen, Mr. Sudhir Dhawale and Mr. Mahesh Raut, and allegations concerning a smear campaign targeting Ms. Sudha Bhardwaj.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
    27 Jul 2018
    Guatemala
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el funcionamiento del Consejo de la Carrera Judicial y su impacto en la garantía de la independencia judicial de juezas, jueces, magistradas y magistrados.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Jan 2019
    06 Jul 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women in law and in practice
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information received concerning the arrest and charges against Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    04 Jul 2018
    Mexico
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • hazardous substances
  • human rights defenders
  • indigenous peoples
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • water and sanitation
  • racism
En este contexto, quisiéramos señalar a la atención urgente del Gobierno de Su Excelencia la información que hemos recibido con relación a las condenas de seis defensores del medio ambiente por el presunto homicidio de un empresario español en 2003, quienes habrían trabajado activamente por y en la defensa del derecho al agua de la comunidad indígena de San Pedro Tlanixco, Estado de México.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
18 Oct 2018
    08 Jun 2018
    Japan
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Shoko Asahara, a person with disabilities, currently detained in the Tokyo Detention Centre.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Jul 2018
    07 Jun 2018
    Brazil
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged persecution suffered by Judge Hugo Cavalcanti Melo Filho by the Brazilian judicial authorities.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
09 Aug 2018
    30 May 2018
    Gabon
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçu concernant la relation entre le Président de la Cour Constitutionnelle et l’ancien Président de la République, et la conséquent faute d’indépendance de la Cour, que semble apparaître dans ces décisions au sujet des élections Présidentielles du 2009 et 2016.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
18 Jun 2018
    23 May 2018
    Philippines
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged threats and the ongoing process of impeachment against Ms. Maria Lourdes Sereno, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines, as a result of her professional activities in defense of the independence of the judiciary.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    04 May 2018
    United Arab Emirates
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the continued arbitrary detention of human rights defenders Mr. Osama Al-Najjar and Mr. Ahmed Mansoor, along with the charges against Mr. Mansoor.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
05 Jul 2018
    04 May 2018
    Turkey
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • health
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention under accusations of membership of a terrorist organization of 13 individuals
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
03 Aug 2018
    30 Apr 2018
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el supuesto incumplimiento de las obligaciones estatales de proteger, respetar y garantizar la independencia judicial en el país, así como asegurar un entorno propicio y seguro para la labor de jueces y juezas, magistrados y magistradas.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    27 Apr 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Mohammad Kalhori who was 15 years old at the time of the alleged commission of the crime for which he was convicted and sentenced to death.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Apr 2018
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged short-term enforced disappearance for several days, arbitrary detention, and charges against human rights defenders Mr. Ezzat Eid Taha Fadl Ghoneim and Mr. Ahmed Tarek Ibrahim Ziada.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    24 Apr 2018
    Mexico
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre cinco casos de magistrados y magistradas que, supuestamente, habrían sido indebidamente destituidos por el Presidente del Tribunal de sus cargos en el Tribunal del Estado de Tabasco. Durante estos procesos de destitución se habría negado el derecho de audiencia y debido proceso a los afectados.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    06 Apr 2018
    Other actors
    JOL
  • business
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, the investigation and the detention of Mr. Chen Wuquan.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    06 Apr 2018
    China
    JAL
  • business
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, investigation and alleged arbitrary detention of Mr. Chen Wuquan and the disbarment of Mr. Sui Muqing.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
23 May 2018
    05 Apr 2018
    Switzerland
    JOL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant l’apparent manque de volonté politique de la Suisse de mener à terme certaines enquêtes pénales entamées dans le cadre de la compétence universelle.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
04 Jun 2018
    28 Mar 2018
    Honduras
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
La importancia de su compromiso en la lucha contra la corrupción, garantizando que el proceso de selección del fiscal general en su país sea transparente y justo.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Mar 2018
    Guatemala
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
La importancia de su compromiso en la lucha contra la corrupción, garantizando que el proceso de selección del fiscal general en su país sea transparente y justo.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Mar 2018
    El Salvador
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
La importancia de su compromiso en la lucha contra la corrupción, garantizando que el proceso de selección del fiscal general en su país sea transparente y justo.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    02 Mar 2018
    Cambodia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • Cambodia
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received raising concerns relating to specific individuals and media outlets that may unnecessarily and disproportionately restrict the right to freedom of expression, including the arrest, detention and conviction of individuals based on the misuse of the law, which is incompatible with Cambodia’s obligations under international human rights law.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
    28 Feb 2018
    Morocco
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant M. Abdessadeq El Bouchtaoui, qui semblent étroitement liées à ses activités pacifiques de défenseur des droits de l'homme ainsi qu’à ses opinions critiques exprimées sur les réseaux sociaux, sur les violations des droits de l'homme au Maroc.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Apr 2018
    14 Feb 2018
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the re-sentencing to death of Mr. Maher Abbas Yousef al-Khabbaz, a 28-year-old, following a collective trial that did not meet fair trial and due process guarantees, in particular the use of confession obtained under torture as the main evidence. The Court of Cassation confirmed the death sentence, without questioning the evidence, in its decision of 29 January 2018.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
13 Mar 2018
    09 Feb 2018
    Turkey
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary re-arrest and detention of Mr. Taner Kiliç
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Mar 2018
    09 Feb 2018
    Maldives
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
Information concerning the Government’s failure to implement the Supreme Court decision of 1 February 2018 and the arrest of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, H.E. Abdulla Saeed, and another judge, Ali Hameed, following the enactment of a 15-day state of emergency on 5 February 2018.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    08 Feb 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Abbas Haiji A. al-Hassan and fourteen other individuals for charges which do not meet the “most serious crimes” threshold, following trials that allegedly did not meet fair trial and due process guarantees, including allegations of confessions obtained under torture.
Alleged victims: 32
More details...
22 Mar 2018
    07 Feb 2018
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the sentencing to death of Messrs. Mohamed AbdulHasan Ahmed Kadhem AlMutaghawi, Fadhel Sayed Abbas Hassan Radhi and Sayed Alawi Husain Alawi Husain along with three other individuals.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
06 Mar 2018
    02 Feb 2018
    Israel
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of Mr. Cemil Tekeli, a Turkish national; in circumstances that could also constitute an enforced disappearance.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jan 2018
    Yemen
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
Information received concerning the death sentence of Mr. Hamid Kamali bin Haydara.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jan 2018
    Other actors
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
Information received concerning the death sentence of Mr. Hamid Kamali bin Haydara.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jan 2018
    Ecuador
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación al alegado riesgo de afectación de los principios de independencia judicial y separación de poderes que podrían suponer los efectos de los Decretos 229 y 330.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Nov 2018
    24 Jan 2018
    China
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, residential surveillance and raid on the house of Mr. Jianghua Zhen, along with the pending investigation against him for “inciting subversion of the State”, which seem be closely linked to his peaceful and legitimate activities in defense of human rights in China.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Mar 2018
    17 Jan 2018
    Kazakhstan
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the draft Law on lawyers’ activity and legal aid, which includes a number of provisions that jeopardise the independence of the legal profession.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    12 Jan 2018
    Azerbaijan
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning recent amendments to the Act on Bar of 27 January 2000 and other laws, which could undermine the right of access to justice and jeopardise the right of legal practitioners to carry out their professional activities.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
26 Mar 2018
    30 Nov 2017
    Uruguay
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre el artículo 15 de la Ley de Rendición de Cuentas y Balance de Ejecución Presupuestal, aprobada por el Parlamento Nacional el 25 de septiembre de 2017, que impone límites a la ejecución de sentencias judiciales que condenen al Gobierno al pago de dinero.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Nov 2017
    Republic of Korea
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received in connection with the recent case of arrest, detention and prosecution of Ms. Park Geun-hye (‘Ms. Park’).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Oct 2018
    06 Nov 2017
    Azerbaijan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received regarding the disciplinary proceedings pending against Mr. Yalchin Imanov, reportedly in reprisal for his activities as human rights defender.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Dec 2017
    02 Nov 2017
    Lebanon
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, detention, conviction as well as torture and ill-treatment of Sheikh Ahmad al-Assir, who was sentenced to death on 28 September 2017 by the Lebanese Military Court for alleged terrorist acts.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
15 Nov 2017
    30 Oct 2017
    Egypt
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the continuation of the criminal and administrative proceedings pursued under Case 173/2011 against several human rights defenders, including Ms. Azza Soliman, as well as allegations of irregularities in the appointment of the investigative judge of the case. Together with the aforementioned, we would like to refer to the enactment of the Law No. 70 for Regulating the Work of Associations and Other Institutions Working in the Field of Civil Work. All of these measures have the impact of severely restricting the legitimate and independent work of human rights defenders and non-governmental organizations in Egypt.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
    20 Oct 2017
    Morocco
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant le harcèlement judiciaire allégué et les lourdes charges portées contre M. Abdessadeq El Bouchtaoui, défenseur des droits de l'homme et avocat, qui semblent étroitement liées à ses activités pacifiques de défenseur des droits de l'homme ainsi qu’à ses opinions critiques exprimées sur les réseaux sociaux, sur les violations des droits de l'homme au Maroc. M. Abdessadeq El Bouchtaoui est inculpé, entre autres, d’ «incitation à commettre des délits et des crimes» et de «contribution à l'organisation d'une manifestation non autorisée et interdite».
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Dec 2017
    13 Oct 2017
    Peru
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida sobre el proceso de acusación constitucional iniciado contra el Sr. Manuel Miranda Canales, Presidente del Tribunal Constitucional, la Sra. Marianella Ledesma Narváez, Vicepresidenta del Tribunal Constitucional, y los Sres. Carlos Ramos Núñez y Eloy Espinosa-Saldaña Barrera, magistrados de ese mismo Tribunal, por haber emitido una auto corrigiendo un error afectando su sentencia STC N° 01969-2011-HC/TC de 2013 relativa al caso conocido como El Frontón.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    12 Oct 2017
    Kenya
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning alleged persistent repression of peaceful protests and the excessive use of excessive force by Kenyan police and security forces during protests, particularly in the context of post-election violence on 11 and 12 August 2017 and during the more recent demonstrations related to the upcoming re-run of the presidential elections.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Oct 2017
    03 Oct 2017
    Lebanon
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged torture to death in custody of four Syrian refugee men, and the arbitrary detention and disappearance of several others. The information received also concerns the pressure exercised on the legal representation of the families of the victims and the lack of independence of the military court presiding over the case.
Alleged victims: 360
More details...
15 Dec 2017
    03 Oct 2017
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the abduction and subsequent detention of Mr. Ebrahim Abdelmonem Metwally Hegazy, reportedly in reprisal for his activities as a human rights defender and cooperation with the United Nations Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
08 Nov 2017
    29 Sep 2017
    Kenya
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning threats against the Chief Justice and the Supreme Court of Kenya after they issued a decision invalidating the recent presidential elections.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    20 Sep 2017
    Maldives
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary suspension from practice of 54 lawyers who signed a petition raising concerns about the situation of justice in Maldives and calling for judicial reforms.
Alleged victims: 54
More details...
    17 Aug 2017
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el sometimiento de civiles a la jurisdicción militar en Venezuela en el marco de las manifestaciones públicas en el país entre abril y julio de 2017.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Oct 2017
    10 Aug 2017
    Suriname
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning delays to the trial of the President of Suriname, accused of crimes involving unlawful killings, and related threats to the independence of the judiciary.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
30 Aug 2017
    08 Aug 2017
    Maldives
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
concerning the crackdown against political opposition following the petition signed by a number of members of parliament on 3 July 2017 calling for the impeachment of the Speaker of Parliament.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    28 Jul 2017
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Información recibida en relación con la criminalización de las protestas ocurridas en Venezuela, el uso excesivo de la fuerza y el sometimiento de los ciudadanos detenidos a la jurisdicción militar en nueve Estados y en el Distrito Capital.
Alleged victims: 4072
More details...
09 Nov 2017
    26 Jul 2017
    Poland
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning recent legislative and executive bills that threaten the independence of the judiciary in Poland.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
29 Aug 2017
    20 Jul 2017
    Morocco
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant des actes de torture et de traitements inhumains et dégradants, et des violations du droit à un procès équitable commises à l’encontre des 24 défenseurs des droits de l’homme et militants politiques sahraouis.
Alleged victims: 24
More details...
28 Sep 2017
    19 Jul 2017
    Sri Lanka
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning alleged ongoing attacks, violence and harassment against Evangelical Christian communities in Sri Lanka.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    04 Jul 2017
    Turkey
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning Mr. Taner Kiliç (Chair of Amnesty International Turkey) who was arrested on 06 June 2017 on the basis of a warrant against him and 22 other lawyers in the city of Izmir in Western Turkey.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    30 Jun 2017
    Maldives
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • torture
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received regarding the alleged arbitrary detention of Mr. Ahmed Adeeb and his deteriorating health condition due to poor detention conditions and denial of adequate and timely healthcare.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
29 Aug 2017
    23 Jun 2017
    Turkey
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning alleged arbitrary detention and conviction of Dr. Serdar Küni for actions that pertain to his duty as a doctor to provide equal and appropriate medical treatment to everyone.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
22 Aug 2017
22 Aug 2017
    19 Jun 2017
    Philippines
    JAL
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary killing of four men and injury of another man in the context of the anti-drug campaign implemented by the Government of the Philippines, as well as incidents of harassment against the survivor and relatives of the victims, and criminal charges brought against the survivor of the attack.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
20 Jun 2017
18 Dec 2017
    23 May 2017
    Turkey
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the dismissal, arrest and detention of a high number of judges and prosecutors, and the arrest, detention and criminal investigation of a number of lawyers, which have taken place since the failed coup attempt of 15 July 2016 and which seem to constitute serious interferences in the independence of the judiciary and the legal profession.
Alleged victims: 5200
More details...
21 Jul 2017
21 Jul 2017
21 Jul 2017
    17 May 2017
    Guatemala
    JUA
  • business
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación en relación con un ataque y acto de intimidación en contra del abogado y defensor de derechos humanos Pedro Rafael Maldonado Flores, director del área legal del Centro de Acción Legal-Ambiental y Social de Guatemala (CALAS).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Jun 2017
30 Jun 2017
30 Jun 2017
    08 May 2017
    France
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informations reçues concernant des menaces de mort fait par un groupe prétendument composé d'anciens officiers de l'armée uruguayenne à l’encontre de M. Louis Joinet, magistrat à la retraite et défenseur des droits de l’homme renommé, qui seraient directement liées à diverses initiatives qu’il a prises en sa qualité de défenseur des droits de l’homme.
Alleged victims: 14
More details...
15 May 2017
    05 May 2017
    Nepal
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received regarding the impeachment motion filed against the Chief Justice, Ms. Sushila Karki, and the alleged serious interference in the independence of the judiciary such a process could represent.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 May 2017
    20 Apr 2017
    Myanmar
    JUA
  • executions
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Myanmar
Information received concerning the death threats and ongoing harassment and intimidation faced by lawyer Mr. Robert Sann Aung, particularly following the targeted killing of lawyer Mr. Ko Ni on 29 January 2017 whose profile is similar to that of Mr. Robert Sann Aung.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    11 Apr 2017
    Thailand
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
information received concerning the criminal procedures brought on charges of sedition and prohibited gathering against Ms. Sirikan Charoensiri, a Thai lawyer and human rights defender, which may be directly linked to her legitimate activities related to the protection of human rights at the national and international levels, as well as to her cooperation with United Nations (UN) human rights protection bodies and mechanisms.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Apr 2017
08 Aug 2017
    27 Mar 2017
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, secret detention, and risk of enforced disappearance of Mr. Ahmed Mansoor, a prominent human rights defender and blogger in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
25 Apr 2017
    27 Mar 2017
    Philippines
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the alleged intimidation, persecution and threats, as well as the judicial harassment, arrest and detention of Ms. Leila M. De Lima, a senator, in connection with her criticism of government policies surrounding the drug war in the Philippines, including the extrajudicial killing of drug suspects and the proposal to reinstate the death penalty.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
07 Apr 2017
    22 Mar 2017
    Malawi
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • environment
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of eight Tanzanian environmental rights defenders following a cross-learning mission to visit the Kayekera Uranium Mine in Malawi.
Alleged victims: 8
More details...
    13 Mar 2017
    Qatar
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, detention and trial of Mr. Mohammad Jaber Salem Meshab, a Qatari citizen born in 1974, who usually resides in Al Muaither in Qatar.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Feb 2017
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the death sentences imposed on Messrs. Mohamed Fawzi Abd al-Gawad Mahmoud, Reda Motamad Fahmy Abd al-Monem, Ahmed Mustafa Ahmed Mohamed, Mahmoud al-Sharif Mahmoud, Abdul Basir Abdul Rauf and Ahmed Amin Ghazali Amin following unfair trials; and the killing of Messrs. Ahmed Youssef, Abd el-Aty Ali Abd el-Aty, Mohamed Ibrahim, Mansour Gamee, Belal Hemdan al-Naggar and a minor, by Egyptian security Forces.
Alleged victims: 12
More details...
05 Sep 2017
    02 Feb 2017
    Guatemala
    JOL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • racism
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida referente a las reformas constitucionales propuestas por el Estado en el sector de la justicia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Oct 2016
    United States of America
    JUA
  • African Descent
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • racism
  • torture
Information received concerning Mr. Kevin Cooper, who is allegedly awaiting execution in California following judicial proceedings that did not meet international standards of fair trial and due process.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
13 Dec 2016
    28 Oct 2016
    Egypt
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, solitary confinement, torture and ill-treatment, as well as on-going prosecution and serious due-process violations in relation to Mr. Malek Mostafa Adly Elgendy, a prominent human rights lawyer in Egypt, allegedly as a result of the performance of his professional functions.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Dec 2016
    28 Oct 2016
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the abduction of lawyer Ahmad Bin Quasem, which seems to be directly related to his work as part of the legal defence team that represented Mr. Mir Quasem Ali before the International Crimes Tribunal.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    27 Oct 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the arrest, the lack of due process and fair trial, and arbitrary conviction and sentencing of Ms. Golrokh Ebrahimi Iraee, Ms. Fatemeh Daemi, and Mr. Arash Sadeghi, by the Iranian authorities, criminalizing the legitimate exercise of their right to freedom of expression.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
28 Dec 2016
    26 Oct 2016
    China
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • poverty
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of Ms. Li Wenzu, as well as alleged acts of intimidation and harassment against her and Ms. Wang Qiaoling, which are believed to be aimed at further intimidating their spouses, who are arbitrarily detained for their work in defence of human rights, and, in addition, in reprisal for cooperation of Ms. Li Wenzu and Ms. Wang Qiaoling with the Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, who visited China from 15 to 23 August 2016.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
09 Dec 2016
    18 Oct 2016
    Cuba
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación a alegaciones de actos de hostigamiento y represalias contra defensores y defensoras de derechos humanos, incluidos abogados, por su labor en defensa de los derechos humanos, y en particular su cooperación con los mecanismos de las Naciones Unidas en el ámbito de los derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
14 Dec 2016
    14 Oct 2016
    Uruguay
    OL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre la adopción e implementación del nuevo Código del Proceso Penal (Ley 19.293), y preocupaciones acerca de que no se haya previsto la aplicación de dicha norma más favorable a los procesos penales iniciados antes de su plena entrada en vigor en febrero de 2017, como sucede, entre otros, en el caso del Sr. Matías Campiani.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
17 Oct 2016
13 Jan 2017
26 Jan 2017
    12 Oct 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • health
Information received concerning the imminent execution of Ms. Zeinab Sekaanvand Lokran, who was sentenced to death on murder charges.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
17 Nov 2016
    11 Oct 2016
    Mexico
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con presuntas amenazas y agresiones contra familiares de una víctima de desaparición forzada y su esposa, ambos dirigentes y abogados de la organización de derechos humanos “Desaparecidos Justicia” que apoya a familiares de desaparecidos en el Estado de Querétaro, México; así como las amenazas dirigidas a los integrantes del Centro de Derechos Humanos Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez A.C. (Centro Prodh).
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    11 Oct 2016
    Mauritania
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • poverty
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant la détention arbitraire et condamnation de défenseurs des droits de l’homme
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
19 Oct 2016
    06 Oct 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Information received concerning the detention, trial and sentence of Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe to five years of imprisonment on unknown charges, and the deterioration of her health condition over the past months.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Feb 2017
    04 Oct 2016
    Viet Nam
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest, detention and sentencing of environmental human rights defender, Ms. Can Thi Theu, which are believed to be directly linked to her human rights work in the defence of land rights in Vietnam.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
13 Apr 2017
    30 Sep 2016
    Honduras
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida sobre la sentencia de 5 de octubre de 2015 emitida por la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos en el caso López Lone y otros vs. Honduras, así como la reciente resolución de interpretación de sentencia relacionada con el mismo caso, emitida por el pleno de la Corte el pasado 2 de septiembre de 2016.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    27 Sep 2016
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations of the continued arbitrary detention and prolonged solitary confinement of Dr. Wang Bingzhang, his deteriorating health while in detention, the denial of access to a lawyer, the limited access for his family to visit for the past years, and allegations that the charges against him might be related to his peaceful activities as a pro-democracy activist.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Sep 2016
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • disability
  • executions
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the situation of Mr. Imdad Ali, a Pakistani national with a psychosocial disability, who is reportedly at risk of imminent execution in Pakistan.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Sep 2016
    Argentina
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con los ataques y hostigamiento contra la Sra. Laura Figueroa y el Sr. César Sivo, defensores de derechos humanos involucrados en la busca de la verdad y la justicia por crímenes de lesa humanidad perpetrados durante la dictadura militar.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
28 Nov 2016
    16 Sep 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Information received concerning the allegedly unfair and arbitrary detention of Mr. Baquer Namazi and Mr. Kamal Foroughi by the Iranian authorities.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    15 Sep 2016
    China
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the recent conviction of human rights defenders for charges of subversion of State power, allegedly following criminal proceedings which lacked sufficient due process and fair trial guarantees.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    07 Sep 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • torture
Additional information received regarding the arrest and detention of Ms. Homa Hoodfar.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Jan 2017
    01 Sep 2016
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • executions
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the widespread allegations of torture and ill-treatment, including coerced extraction of confessions, lack of investigation and prosecution into such allegations, the limited or complete lack of medical care in detention, the use of corporal punishment and the imposition of the death penalty, inhumane detention conditions as well as the use of prolonged solitary confinement (including for juveniles).
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
17 Jan 2017
    30 Aug 2016
    Germany
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the draft law “Gesetz zur Ausland-Ausland-Fernmeldeaufklärung des Bundesnachrichtendienstes,” presented by the Government on 28 June 2016, which would, if enacted, amend Germany’s existing regulations on the surveillance of communications between non-German citizens. The draft law raises concerns about undue restrictions to the exercise of the right to freedom of expression as guaranteed under international human rights law, in particular as exercised by journalists and lawyers.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
21 Oct 2016
21 Oct 2016
    25 Aug 2016
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con el ataque perpetrado en contra del domicilio del Sr. Ramón Cadena Rámila, abogado y defensor de derechos humanos en Guatemala y director regional para América Central de la organización no gubernamental Comisión Internacional de Juristas.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Oct 2016
    19 Aug 2016
    Turkey
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
Information received concerning arbitrary and incommunicado detention, torture and ill-treatment, and denial of fundamental rights of detainees in the aftermath of the failed coup attempt of 15 July 2016.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
22 Aug 2016
01 Dec 2016
    19 Aug 2016
    Mexico
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Información recibida en relación con alegaciones de intervención de comunicaciones privadas y la deslegitimización de personas defensoras de derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
08 Nov 2016
    16 Aug 2016
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the repeated prosecution under charges of illegal demonstration and belonging to a forbidden group of Mr. X, who was acquitted four times by a court for the same charges.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Jan 2017
    15 Aug 2016
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged lack of investigation into torture and other ill-treatment of Mr. Mohammed Ramadan, a Bahraini citizen, resulting in a false confession that led to his conviction and the imposition of the death penalty.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
14 Oct 2016
    10 Aug 2016
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning systematic persecution and repression of the Shias in Bahrain through undue restrictions to their rights to freedom of religion or belief, freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, including: dissolution of Al-Wefaq National Islamic Society, shutting down of faith based organizations, restriction on the practice of Khums, harassment of Shia clerics, restrictions on Friday Prayers and peaceful assembly, denaturalization of Ayatollah Sheikh Isa Qassim and other Shias, discriminatory treatment of Dr. Abduljalil Al-Singace in prison and the travel ban imposed on Sheikh Maytham Al-Salman.
Alleged victims: 28
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09 Sep 2016
22 Sep 2016
    02 Aug 2016
    Mauritania
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • torture
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant l’arrestation et la détention arbitraires, et allégations de torture et de mauvais traitements de vingt-trois personnes.
Alleged victims: 23
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    29 Jul 2016
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged risk of execution of Mr. Mir Quasem Ali, following a trial that did not meet international standards of fair trial and due process.
Alleged victims: 1
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    28 Jul 2016
    Turkey
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning a series of repressive measures taken following the attempted coup on 14 July 2016, hereunder the arrest of human rights lawyer, journalist, and former President of the Human Rights Agenda Association, Mr. Orhan Kemal Cengiz, and his wife, Ms. Sibel Semira Hurtas, a journalist writing on issues of women’s rights and state crimes.
Alleged victims: 2
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22 Aug 2016
06 Dec 2016
    27 Jul 2016
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received regarding the alleged imminent execution of 15 prisoners in Indonesia.
Alleged victims: 14
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    26 Jul 2016
    Kenya
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged disappearance, torture and extra-judicial executions of a human rights lawyer, Mr. Willie Kimani, as well as Mr. Josephat Mwenda and Mr. Joseph Muiruri.
Alleged victims: 3
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    26 Jul 2016
    Argentina
    JAL
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en respecto a la situación de una mujer, quien fue condenada a ocho años de prisión después de haber sufrido, según consta, un aborto espontáneo.
Alleged victims: 1
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26 Sep 2016
02 Nov 2016
    25 Jul 2016
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning allegations of arbitrary arrest, detention and disappearence of human rights defenders, Mr. Somphone Phimmasone, Mr. Soukane Chaithad, and Ms. Lodkham Thammavong.
Alleged victims: 3
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    22 Jul 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrests and detentions of leading human rights lawyer and co-founder of the Defenders of Human Rights Centre (DHRC) Mr. Abdolfattah Soltani, former student activist Mr. Arash Sadeghi, and human rights defender and journalist Ms. Narges Mohammadi, all currently held in Evin Prison under unreasonably harsh and unjust conditions.
Alleged victims: 3
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09 Aug 2016
28 Dec 2016
05 Jan 2017
07 Feb 2017
    18 Jul 2016
    South Sudan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the continued arbitrary detention of four Kenyan nationals in South Sudan.
Alleged victims: 4
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    18 Jul 2016
    Israel
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of two Palestinian children.
Alleged victims: 2
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    14 Jul 2016
    Ukraine
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary detention of Mr. Evgenii Mefiodov, lack of due process and fair trial guarantees in the criminal proceedings against him, threats against his defence lawyers, and serious interference, pressures and threats against the judges involved in the various proceedings against him.
Alleged victims: 1
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06 Oct 2016
    08 Jul 2016
    Paraguay
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
Información recibida en relación con las alegadas restricciones al libre ejercicio de las funciones profesionales y a la libertad de expresión de la abogada Julia Cabello Alonso.
Alleged victims: 1
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05 Oct 2016
    06 Jul 2016
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Información recibida acerca del supuesto trato cruel y degradante al abogado Juan Carlos Gutiérrez y de los obstáculos al libre ejercicio de sus funciones profesionales, como abogado defensor del Sr. Leopoldo López Mendoza.
Alleged victims: 2
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26 Aug 2016
    01 Jul 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe. Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, aged 37, is a project manager for the Thomson-Reuters Foundation, where she deals with training projects. She is a dual Iranian-British national and her daughter is a British citizen.
Alleged victims: 1
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25 Aug 2016
    30 Jun 2016
    Maldives
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged imminent execution of Mr. Hussain Humaam Ahmed following judicial procedures that did not meet international standards of fair trial and due process of law.
Alleged victims: 1
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    29 Jun 2016
    Lebanon
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the case of Ms. Layal Al Kayaje, who is facing imminent trial before a military court for “defamation and libel against the Lebanese army”. Ms. Layal Al Kayaje is a 31-year-old Palestinian, born in Lebanon from a Lebanese mother. She resides in Abra, Saida, and is a former owner of a veterinary clinic in Abra.
Alleged victims: 1
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    24 Jun 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of Ms. Homa Hoodfar. Ms. Homa Hoodfar, aged 65, is an internationally renowned and widely published anthropologist researcher, of Iranian, Canadian and Irish nationalities. She studied a range of issues related to women’s roles and status in Muslim contexts as well as on development, refugees and informal economy. Apart from teaching at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada, she regularly participated in international research projects, including in partnerships with universities, research-based networks such as Women Living Under Muslims Laws, and civil society organizations such as Shirkat Gah (Women’s Resource Centre).
Alleged victims: 1
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22 Aug 2016
    08 Jun 2016
    Spain
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Información recibida con respecto a la posible extradición del Sr. Bobir Tadjiev de España a Uzbekistán, un país donde se encontraría en alto riesgo de sufrir tortura y tratos crueles, inhumanos y degradantes.
Alleged victims: 2
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25 Jul 2016
11 Aug 2016
    07 Jun 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention and denial of due process guarantees to Mr. Nizar Ahmed Zakka, a Lebanese citizen.
Alleged victims: 1
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04 Jan 2017
    02 Jun 2016
    Guatemala
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • hazardous substances
  • environment
Información recibida en relación con las supuestas amenazas e intimidación contra la jueza Karla Damaris Hernández García, magistrada titular del Juzgado Pluripersonal de Primera Instancia Penal, Narcoactividad y Delitos contra el Medio Ambiente del departamento de Petén, y defensora de derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: 1
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22 Nov 2016
    31 May 2016
    France
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Allégations concernant la possible extradition imminente d’un opposant politique kazakh de la France vers un pays où il risquerait d’être ensuite extradé vers le Kazakhstan, un pays où il risque d’être soumis à de la torture et/ou à des mauvais traitements et d’être persécuté et détenu arbitrairement pour son engagement politique et l’exercice de son droit à la liberté d’opinion et d’expression. Selon les informations reçues, M. Mukhtar Ablyazov, ancien prisonnier politique au Kazakhstan où il a été victime de torture et autres mauvais traitements ayant obtenu l’asile politique au Royaume-Uni, a été arrêté le 31 juillet 2013 à Mouans-Sartoux par la police française. Le Premier Ministre a signé le décret d’extradition de M. Ablyazov vers la Russie le 17 septembre 2015, après des procédures judiciaires qui auraient été entachées par des allégations sérieuses de partialité et d’erreurs de procédure commises par les autorités judiciaires françaises, d’interférences de tiers dans les procédures d’extradition, et d’obstacles imposés à M. Ablyazov et à ses avocats dans la préparation et la présentation adéquates de sa défense. Une décision finale du Conseil d’Etat est attendue très prochainement. Bien que M. Ablyazov n’ait pas lui-même directement fait l’objet de communications antérieures émanant des procédures spéciales, des proches de M. Ablyazov ont fait l’objet de communications précédentes envoyées par plusieurs titulaires de mandat : Mme Alma Shalabayeva, épouse de M. Ablyazov, et leur fille alors âgée de six ans, ont fait l’objet de deux appels urgents envoyés les 7 juin et 17 juillet 2013 (voire les cas ITA 1/2013 et KAZ 3/2013 dans le rapport A/HRC/25/74); M. Alexandr Pavlov, ancien garde du corps et chef de la sécurité de M. Ablyazov, a fait l’objet de deux appels urgents envoyés les 24 juillet et 22 novembre 2013 (voire les cas ESP 2/2013 et ESP 6/2013 dans le rapport A/HRC/25/74).
Alleged victims: 1
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30 Jun 2016
    30 May 2016
    Kyrgyzstan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
In this connection, we would like to bring to the attention of your Government information we have received concerning alleged telephone threats against human rights lawyer, Mr. Sardorbek Abdukhalilov. Mr. Sardorbek Abdukhalilov is a human rights lawyer and staff at Public Association “Spravedlivost” Jalal-Abad Human Rights Organisation. Mr. Abdukhalilov litigates cases in the area of arbitrary detention, torture and other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment on behalf of victims. Spravedlivost is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation that aims to promote the rule of law and human rights, and combats torture by providing legal assistance to victims. As a member of the Coalition Against Torture in Kyrgyzstan, Spravedlivost prepares reports regarding the implementation by the Kyrgyz Republic of its obligations under international human rights law. Spravedlivost was named as the 2014 winner of the Max van der Stoel Award, for its work in promoting and protecting the rights of national and ethnic minorities. SUMMARY: Alleged threats made to a human rights lawyer in connection to his litigation and legal assistance focused on combating torture and arbitrary detention. According to the information received, on 26 January 2016, at approximately 4:30 p.m., Mr. Sardorbek Abdukhalilov received a phone call from the Head of the Temporary Detention Facility in Jalal-Abad, Kyrgyzstan, during which the latter threatened to cause physical harm to Mr. Abdukhalilov. Concern is expressed at the threats addressed to the person of Mr. Abdukhalilov in what appears to be retaliation for his exercise of the right to freedom of expression and of association, as well as for his legitimate human rights work, in particular litigation and legal assistance towards combating torture and arbitrary detention.
Alleged victims: 1
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    13 May 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
Alleged imminent risk of execution of a juvenile offender. According to the information received, Mr. X was handed the death penalty in April 2013, after a criminal court convicted him of the alleged murder and rape of a friend. He was fifteen years old when he was arrested in May 2012. Following his arrest, Mr. X was allegedly placed in solitary confinement for 15 days and denied access to a lawyer during the investigation phase. During this time he was allegedly subjected to torture and other forms of ill-treatment, including beatings, floggings and suspension from his arms and legs, and forced to confess to the killing and raping of his friend. Mr. X’s execution is reportedly scheduled for 15 May 2016 in Shiraz’s Adel Abad Prison. Grave concern is inter alia expressed that the death penalty has been imposed against Mr. X who was less than 18 years old at the time of the alleged crime, in contravention of international human rights law, and following judicial proceedings that may not have fulfilled the most stringent guarantees of fair trial and due process.
Alleged victims: 1
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26 Oct 2016
    13 May 2016
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged imminent execution of between 10 to 15 prisoners on death row in Indonesia for offences that do not meet the threshold of “most serious crimes” as required under international law. According to the information received, on 10 May 2016, the Attorney General of Indonesia confirmed that a new round of executions would be carried out “in the near future”. The Government has not released the names of those who are thought to be listed for execution or the dates; however, reports indicate that between 10 and 15 death row prisoners have been selected for execution. It is presumed that executions will target drug offenders, and may include Mr. Humphrey Jefferson Ejike Eleweke (Nigerian), Mr. Agus Hadi (Indonesian) and Mr. Pujo Lestari (Indonesian). Some prisoners have reportedly been moved to Batu prison in Nusakambangan prison island, where 13 executions took place in 2015. Four urgent appeals were previously sent regarding imminent executions of suspected drug offenders in Indonesia; on 10 December 2014 and 16 January 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case nos. IDN 2/2014 and IDN 1/2015; and, on 6 March and 24 April 2015, see A/HRC/30/27, case nos. IDN 2/2015 and IDN 4/2015.
Alleged victims: 3
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    12 May 2016
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégations de détention arbitraire, de torture et de mauvais traitement d’un défenseur des droits de l’homme en République démocratique du Congo. Selon les informations reçues, le 15 décembre 2015, M. Jean-Marie Kalonji a été arrêté par des membres de la Garde républicaine à Kinshasa après avoir participé à une réunion avec des membres du mouvement dont il est président « quatrième voie, il est temps ». Il aurait été détenu incommunicado au siège de la Garde républicaine au Camp Tshatshi pendant quatre jours, durant lesquels il aurait subi des actes de torture. Le 19 décembre 2015, il a été transféré au siège de l’Agence nationale de renseignement où il a fait l’objet de mauvais traitements. Le 25 avril 2016, il a été transféré devant le Procureur Général de la République, puis le procureur de Kinshasa-Gombe et finalement présenté devant un magistrat. M. Kalonji serait actuellement détenu dans les locaux du procureur de Kinshasa-Gombe. Une décision au sujet de la demande de libération provisoire de M. Kalonji est attendue le 15 mai 2016.
Alleged victims: 1
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    06 May 2016
    United States of America
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • terrorism
Allegations concerning the denial of access to adequate medical care of a detainee held in United States of America custody at the Guantanamo Bay detention facilities, as well as obstacles to the work of his legal team. According to the information received, Mr. Mustafa al-Hawsawi suffers from a number of serious medical conditions, potentially as a result of the treatment suffered, including so-called enhanced interrogation techniques, while in the custody of the Central Intelligence Agency between 2003 and 2006, and is in chronic physical pain. Serious concern is expressed regarding the alleged denial of adequate medical care to Mr. Al-Hawsawi that is leading to the deterioration of his state of health and to inhuman detention conditions, as well as the impediments faced by Mr. Al-Hawsawi’s legal team in his legal representation. Mr. Al-Hawsawi was the subject of a previous communication sent on 30 November 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. USA 31/2012.
Alleged victims: 1
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20 Jul 2016
    02 May 2016
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary and incommunicado detention, and denial of due process and fair trial of a human rights defender. According to the information received, on 18 August 2015, Mr. Nasser bin Ghaith was arrested by State Security officers at his house. It is alleged that the arrest was made in connection with posts he had made on social media about the Egyptian Government; however the legal basis was not provided. On 4 April 2016, after eight months of being detained incommunicado, during which time he was allegedly tortured and ill-treated, Mr. Bin Ghaith was brought to the State Security Chamber of the Federal Supreme Court in Abu Dhabi. It is reported that the hearing failed to meet guarantees of due process and fair trial. The next hearing was subsequently scheduled for 2 May 2016. Mr. Bin Ghaith was the subject of six previous communications sent on 26 April 2011, see A/HRC/18/51, case ARE 4/2011; 27 September 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case ARE 6/2011; 25 November 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case ARE 8/2011; 7 November 2012, see A/HRC/24/21 and A/HRC/22/67, case ARE 7/2012; 20 June 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case ARE 3/2013; and on 27 August 2015, see A/HRC/31/79, case ARE 3/2015.
Alleged victims: -
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31 May 2016
    28 Apr 2016
    India
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged harassment, attacks and threats against five women human rights defenders. According to the information received, on 3 October 2015, a resolution was passed by the Bastar Bar Association, prohibiting Ms. Shalini Gera and Ms. Isha Khandelwal, two human rights lawyers, from representing their clients, indigenous Adivasis, in Jagdalpur. Following a complaint by the lawyers, an interim order allowed them to practice again. On 18 February 2016, the landlord of Ms. Gera and Ms. Khandelwal was pressured by police to evict the lawyers from their offices. In January 2016, after Ms. Bela Bhatia had assisted several Adivasi women who had allegedly been raped by police officers, she faced intimidation from a police organisation. Police visited her home numerous times and her mobile phone was tracked. On 20 February 2016, the landlady of Ms. Bhatia was called to the police station in Jagdalpur and pressured to ask Ms. Bhatia to leave her home. On 7 February 2016, the home of Ms. Malini Subramanium, a journalist, was targeted by a group of 20 persons shouting abusive slogans at her. On 18 February, Ms. Subramanium’s landlord was forced by the police to evict Ms. Subramanium from her residence. On 1 August 2015, Ms. Soni Sori, an indigenous rights defender, held a press conference on the murder of a villager, and subsequently became the object of a slander campaign. On 20 February 2016, she was attacked by three unidentified men throwing chemical substance near Jawbanga, Chhattisgarh, resulting in her hospitalisation.
Alleged victims: 5
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    08 Apr 2016
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
Alleged imminent execution of the leader of the Bangladeshi opposition party Jamaat-e-Islami following an unfair trial. According to the information received, in 2014, Mr. Motiur Rahman Nizami, aged 72, was sentenced to death by the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh on charges of murder, rape and the mass killing of intellectuals during Bangladesh’s War of Independence in 1971. His trial and appeal process reportedly failed to meet international standards on fair trial and due process. On 6 March 2016, the Supreme Court decided to uphold the death sentence against him. The defendant may be executed at any time. Grave concern is expressed at the imminent execution of Mr. Nizami following judicial proceedings at the International Crimes Tribunal in Bangladesh that may not have fulfilled the most stringent guarantees of fair trial and due process for the imposition of the death penalty. Mr. Nizami was the subject of two previous communications sent on 3 October 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. BGD 6/2012, and 16 November 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. BGD 8/2012.
Alleged victims: 1
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15 Apr 2016
    31 Mar 2016
    Egypt
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary and unfair disciplinary proceedings against at least 71 judges, reportedly for exercising their rights to freedom of expression, opinion, peaceful assembly and association. According to the information received, at least 71 judges were subject to alleged arbitrary and unfair disciplinary proceedings in two cases referred to as the “July 2013 Statement Case” and the “Judges for Egypt Case”. It is reported that at least 46 judges were forcibly retired from their offices as a result of the proceedings. With regards to both cases, it is alleged that the proceedings contravened the judges’ right to a fair hearing by an independent and impartial organ, as well as their rights to freedom of expression, opinion, peaceful assembly and association. Grave concern is expressed that the proceedings may form part of a widespread crackdown carried out by the Egyptian authorities against members of the judiciary, causing a chilling effect on judicial independence.
Alleged victims: -
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28 Dec 2016
    09 Mar 2016
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alegaciones relativas a la falta de transparencia, publicidad y objetividad en el proceso de elección de los magistrados y las magistradas de la Corte de Constitucionalidad para el periodo 2016-2021 en Guatemala. Según la información recibida, el proceso de elección de los magistrados y las magistradas de la Corte de Constitucionalidad para el periodo 2016-2021 que actualmente se está desarrollando en Guatemala, no cumpliría con el marco legal y la jurisprudencia nacional, así como con los estándares internacionales de los derechos humanos en materia de independencia judicial, en particular en cuanto a la transparencia y objetividad de los procesos de selección de magistrados. Se expresa preocupación de que esa falta de transparencia, publicidad y objetividad en los procesos de selección de los candidatos a los cargos de magistrados titulares y suplentes de la Corte de Constitucionalidad aumente el riesgo de la politización e interferencias externas en los procesos de selección, y de este modo vulnere la garantía de la independencia e imparcialidad judicial.
Alleged victims: -
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    26 Feb 2016
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Comunicación relativa al desarrollo de tres procesos judiciales sobre violaciones manifiestas de las normas internacionales de derechos humanos y violaciones graves del derecho internacional humanitario, ocurridas durante el período del conflicto armado interno en Guatemala. Según las informaciones recibidas, procedimientos judiciales habrían iniciado en tres causas conocidas por los nombres de CREOMPAZ; Molina Theissen; y Sepur Zarco. Dieciocho militares en situación de retiro habrían sido objeto de órdenes de captura y habrían sido acusados de varios delitos incluyendo delitos de lesa humanidad, masacres, desaparición forzada, incluso en el caso de un niño, Marco Antonio Molina Theissen, así como la esclavitud sexual y laboral de mujeres q’eqchíes que vivían en la comunidad de Sepur Zarco, donde estaba ubicada una base militar durante la época del conflicto armado interno. En el contexto de estos procesos judiciales, se reportan un creciente número de mensajes y actos intimidatorios, incluyendo de grupos ligados a los militares acusados, que buscarían desacreditar y presionar a las víctimas y a quienes les apoyan en este proceso. Esta comunicación se refiere a comunicaciones anteriores enviadas el 22 de diciembre de 2014, ver A/HRC/29/50, caso no. GTM 8/2014; 18 de agosto de 2014, ver A/HRC/28/85, caso no. GTM 5/2014; el 2 de mayo 2014, ver A/HRC/27/72, caso no. GTM 4/2014; el 30 de octubre 2013, ver A/HRC/25/74, caso no. GTM 9/2013; el 17 de mayo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso, no. GTM 5/2013; y el 15 de marzo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso no. GTM 2/2013.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
06 Apr 2016
24 May 2016
    25 Feb 2016
    Thailand
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged charges, detention and/or convictions of 26 persons in relation to lèse-majesté offences, for having exercised their right to freedom of opinion and expression. According to the information received, between May 2010 and August 2015, 26 persons were arrested, detained and/or convicted under article 112 of the Thai Criminal Code (also known as the lèse-majesté law) and section 14 of the Computer Crime Act. The 26 persons concerned are: Mr. Opas Chamsuksai, Mr. Thiansutham Sutthijittaseranee, Mr. Hasadin Uraipaiwan, Mr. Wittaya Wongpoe, Mr. Samak Pantae, Mr. Phongsak Sribunpeng, Ms. Sasiwimol Patomwongfa-ngarm, Mr. Siraphob Kornaroot, Mr. Juesong Sae-kow, Mr. Nguenkhun Udonkunakorn, Ms. Anchan Preelert, Mr. Prajakchai Chumkam, Ms. Jaruwan Eiampong, Mr. Anon Masin, Mr. Chartchai Maneerat, Mr. Ekkachai Hongkangwan, Mr. Yossawaris Chuklom, Mr. Prasit Chaisrisa, Mr. Patiwat Saraiyaem, Ms. Porntip Munkhong, Mr. Udomsak Wattanaworachaiwathin, Mr. Chaleaw Chankiat, Mr. Piya Jullakittipan, Mr. Tanapon Bumrungsuk, Mr. Jaran Ditapichai, and Mr. Sombat Boonngam-anong. Fifteen of these persons were tried by military courts, despite being civilians. The above-mentioned persons were charged under article 112 of the Thai Criminal Code and section 14 of the Computer Crime Act, inter alia, for expressing opinions either in private or public spaces, including online. Concerns relate to the inconformity of the application of these provisions with article 19 of the ICCPR, not meeting the strict tests of necessity and proportionality. Concern is expressed at the “chilling effect” such convictions may have on the enjoyment of the right to freedom of opinion and expression in Thailand and at the continued restrictions on fundamental rights particularly affecting political opponents in Thailand following the military coup of 22 May 2014. A previous related communication concerning allegations related to charges against, detention and/or conviction of 21 persons under the lèse-majesté law was sent on 8 December 2014, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. THA 13/2014.
Alleged victims: 26
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29 Feb 2016
    24 Feb 2016
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
Presunto asesinato de un abogado y defensor de los derechos humanos. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 22 de enero, el Sr. Héctor Sánchez Lozada, abogado y defensor de los derechos humanos fue matado por dos personas en motocicleta, saliendo de una visita con un cliente en la Ciudad de Maturín en el Estado de Monagas. Se expresa preocupación por el presunto asesinato del Sr. Lozada que podría estar directamente relacionado con el desempeño de sus funciones de abogado y su trabajo en defensa de los derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: 1
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07 Sep 2016
    24 Feb 2016
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
Alleged serious threats to kill a lawyer and human rights defender as a result of her legitimate human rights work. According to the information received, on 3 February 2016, while in Sri Lanka, Ms. Asma Jahangir, a prominent lawyer and human rights defender, was advised not to return to Pakistan as she received credible information that “Daesh” had planned an attack against her. Despite promises by government officials that her security and that of her family would be increased, such increase in protection has not happened at this stage. Ms. Jahangir was the subject of five previous communications sent on 15 June 2012, A/HRC/22/47/Add.4, case no. PAK 8/2012; 24 January 2011, A/HRC/19/55/Add.2, case no. PAK 1/2011; 16 November 2007, A/HRC/7/28/Add.1, case no. PAK 16/2007; 30 January 2006, A/HRC/4/37/Add.1, case no. PAK 2/2006; and 18 May 2005, see E/CN.4/2006/95/Add.1, case no. PAK 7/2005.
Alleged victims: 1
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    19 Feb 2016
    Lesotho
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary arrest of, charges and serious threats against a lawyer representing members of the Lesotho Defence Force accused of plotting a mutiny. According to the information received, Mr. Kgotso Nthontho, a prominent lawyer representing three members of the Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) accused of plotting a mutiny, was arrested on 12 February 2016. The charges against him reportedly relate to alleged perjury and appear to be directly related to his efforts in challenging the detention of his clients. Mr. Nthontho was released on the same day after the High Court had ordered his immediate and unconditional release. Mr. Nthontho had previously been directly threatened in court by members of the LDF; he had also been followed and monitored and his name, together with the names of other lawyers representing soldiers detained on mutiny charges, had appeared on a ‘hit list’ circulated on social media back in November 2015. His arrest took place in a context of increasing threats and attacks against the independence of the judiciary and lawyers, and decline of the rule of law in Lesotho following the arrest and detention of a number of LDF soldiers and the killing of the former Commander of the LDF, which were the subject of a previous communication sent on 30 November 2015, see A/HRC/31/79, case no. LSO 1/2015.
Alleged victims: 1
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01 Jun 2016
    12 Feb 2016
    Egypt
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and charges against three human rights defenders for their legitimate human rights work and the exercise of their rights to freedom of association and freedom of expression. According to the information received, on 1 May 2014, security forces raided the Belady Foundation, a non-governmental organization supporting human rights initiatives, and arrested its founders, Ms. Aya Hegazy and Mr. Mohamed Hassanein, and a volunteer, Ms. Amira Farag. They were all detained in pre-trial detention, where they remain, and have been charged with numerous offences. Ms. Hegazy could not present her defence at several court hearings. Serious concern is expressed at the alleged motivation for the arrest, detention and charges against the named persons, allegedly linked to their human rights work at the Belady Foundation, as well as for the principle of equality of arms in the trial against Ms. Hegazy.
Alleged victims: 3
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18 Aug 2016
    08 Feb 2016
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of two journalists for the exercise of their right to freedom of expression and association. According to the information received, on 21 October 2015, the Mada Foundation for Media Development, a non-governmental organization that provides training to local journalists, was raided and Mr. Hisham Ahmed Awad Jafar, its Head and a journalist, was arrested and detained in solitary confinement. He reportedly still remains in solitary confinement without being informed of the charges filed against him and without access to his family. On 29 November 2015, Mr. Ismail Alexandrani, a freelance investigative journalist and academic, was arrested upon his arrival at Hurghada Airport and detained. He was interrogated twice without access to a lawyer and remains in detention without being informed of the charges filed against him. Grave concern is expressed at the alleged motivation for the arrest and detention of Mr. Jafar and of Mr. Alexandrani, which seems to be directly linked to their legitimate exercise of their rights to freedom of expression and association.
Alleged victims: 2
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    22 Jan 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged arbitrary detention, denial of due process and inadequate medical treatment of a human rights defender. According to the information received, Ms. Bahareh Hedayat, a student and prominent women’s rights activist, has been in prison since 31 December 2009. On 5 May 2010, she was sentenced to seven and a half years of imprisonment on charges of crimes against national security, insulting the President and insulting the Supreme Leader. In December 2010, Ms. Hedayat reportedly received an additional six-month prison sentence on charges of “propaganda against the state” for writing a letter from prison, in which she urged Iranian students to continue their peaceful struggle. On 17 August 2015, the Revolutionary Court issued a two-year suspended sentence at the request of Tehran’s Prosecutor General. She is reportedly suffering from chronic illness and has been diagnosed with gallstones during her imprisonment. However, Ms. Hedayat has allegedly been denied adequate medical attention.
Alleged victims: 1
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14 Jun 2016
    15 Jan 2016
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of six labour activists and human rights defenders. According to the information received, in early December 2015, the police arrested Ms. Zhu Xiaomei, Mr. Meng Han, Mr. Peng Jiayong, Mr. Deng Xiaoming and another male labour activist for “gathering a crowd to disturb social order”. They are all detained at the Guangzhou No. 1 Detention Center. In addition, on 4 December 2015, the police arrested Mr. He Xiaobo for “illegal misappropriation of workplace funds”. He is reportedly detained at the Foshan Nanhai District Detention Center. It is alleged that the detention and prosecution of these six individuals did not comply with the due process guarantees of a fair trial and that the charges brought against them were unsubstantiated. All the detainees have reportedly been denied access to a lawyer.
Alleged victims: 5
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28 Feb 2016
    07 Jan 2016
    Guatemala
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • environment
Alegaciones de hostigamiento y amenazas de muerte en contra de un abogado y defensor de los derechos humanos. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 11 de mayo de 2015, el Sr. Pedro Rafael Maldonado Flores, abogado y director del área legal del Centro de Acción Legal-Ambiental y Social de Guatemala (CALAS), habría recibido amenazas de muerte de una mujer desconocida. El 27 de mayo de 2015, el Sr. Maldonado habría sido objeto de una nota publicada en un diario electrónico desprestigiando su trabajo de abogado de derechos humanos. El 29 de julio de 2015, una persona desconocida habría disparado en contra de la oficina del Sr. Maldonado en el CALAS, mientras él estaba trabajando adentro. El 3 y el 4 de diciembre de 2015, el Sr. Maldonado habría recibido amenazas de muerte en su cuenta en la red social Twitter. El Sr. Maldonado y el CALAS fueron objetos de comunicaciones anteriores, con fechas del 23 de septiembre de 2008 (véase A/HRC/10/12/Add.1, caso no. 19/2008), del 5 de agosto de 2013 (véase A/HRC/25/74, caso no. GTM 6/2013) y del 25 de noviembre de 2015 (véase A/HRC/31/79, caso no. GTM 4/2015).
Alleged victims: 1
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    07 Jan 2016
    El Salvador
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alegaciones sobre actos de vigilancia, amenazas y acoso judicial contra dos abogadas de derechos humanos. Según las informaciones recibidas, en enero de 2015, la Fiscalía General de la República de El Salvador habría presentado una queja administrativa contra la Fundación de Estudios para la Aplicación de la Ley (FESPAD), a la cual pertenecen las Sras. Teresa Naves y Bertha de León. Esta queja tendría relación con la supuesta divulgación de información confidencial en el contexto de su demanda contra el ex-presidente, el Sr. Francisco Flores, por desfalco, enriquecimiento ilícito y desobediencia. La Fiscalía General también habría enviado cartas a la FESPAD amenazando de presentar una denuncia penal en contra de la organización. El juicio del Sr. Francisco Flores inició el 5 de noviembre de 2015. Inmediatamente después, las Sras. Naves y de León, querellantes en la acción, habrían sido objeto de actos de acoso y vigilancia constante e intimidante por desconocidos. Además, el 17 de noviembre de 2015, la Sra. Naves habría recibido una amenaza de muerte por teléfono. Se expresa grave preocupación de que abogados y defensores de derechos humanos puedan ser objeto de vigilancia, amenazas y acoso judicial por el trabajo que realizan y ejercer sus derechos.
Alleged victims: 2
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    23 Dec 2015
    Israel
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of a human rights defender and two of his colleagues. According to the information received, on 7 September 2015, Israeli soldiers arrested Mr. Judeh Deeb Ibrahim Jamal at his apartment in East Jerusalem, Occupied Palestinian Territory, without an arrest warrant. On the same day, two of his colleagues, Ms. Najwan Odeh and Mr. Fadi Mansra, were also arrested. Mr. Jamal, who had been working as the Acting Director of Qatar Charity in its Ramallah office since March 2011, was held in solitary confinement between 7 September and 10 October 2015. During this period of time, he was also deprived of access to a doctor or medicine as well as denied the right to consult a lawyer and to contact his family. The lawyer of Mr. Jamal had no access to the case file and evidence until 12 October 2015 when the Israeli military prosecutor formally issued a list of charges against Mr. Jamal. Since his arrest, Mr. Jamal has been held in military detention and his family has not been allowed to visit him to date.
Alleged victims: 3
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    21 Dec 2015
    Cambodia
    JUA
  • Cambodia
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention, and lack of due process guarantees and fair trial, of members of the opposition parties Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) and Sam Rainsy Party (SRP- which later merged into CNRP). According to the information received, seven CNRP members of Parliament, Ms. Mu Sochua and Messrs. Men Sothavrin, Hor Vann, Keo Phirum, Real Khmerin, Nut Romduol and Long Ry, and three CNRP members and activists, Messrs. Yon Kimhour, Roeun Chetra, and Yea Thong, are currently under investigation in relation to a protest held on 15 July 2014 in Freedom Park, Phnom Penh, that turned violent. The seven members of Parliament were released on bail on 22 July 2014. The three activists were arrested one year after the protest, on 4 August 2015, and remain in pre-trial detention since. 11 other CNRP members and activists - Messrs. Oeur Narith, Khin Chamreun, Meach Sovannara, San Kimheng, Neang Sokhun, San Seihak, An Pakthorm, Ouk Pich Samnang, Ke Khim, Sum Puthy, and Tep Narin – were all charged and convicted in relation to the same incident on 15 July 2015 and are currently serving their sentences. Separately, Mr. Hong Sok Hour, a Senator for SRP, is currently under investigation for a post he made on Facebook. Aside from reported irregularities observed in his trial, Mr. Hong Sok Hour has been denied his right to adequate and non-discriminatory medical attention and care for his existing medical conditions. LICADHO, a human rights organization, has been hindered from conducting medical examinations at the detention facility. Lastly, Mr. Sam Rainsy, the leader of the CNRP has had his parliamentary status and immunity arbitrarily removed on the basis of a conviction dating back to 2011.
Alleged victims: 23
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14 Jan 2016
    17 Dec 2015
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and torture of a peaceful protestor and human rights defender. According to the information received, on 25 January 2014, Mr. Mahmoud Mohamed Ahmed Hussein was arrested by police at El-Marg checkpoint in Cairo. He was 18 years old at the time. Mr. Hussein was reportedly arrested for wearing a scarf with symbol associated with the opposition and a t-shirt with anti-torture slogans. He was reportedly interrogated that same day, handcuffed and blindfolded, and subjected to torture. It is alleged that Mr. Hussein was coerced through torture to confess various crimes. He was then brought to a prison in Cairo and remains in detention to this date. Mr. Hussein has been held in custody for nearly two years, and is yet to be charged with any crime. His trial date has been delayed at least 20 times, the last time on 17 November 2015 when his detention was prolonged for an additional period of 45 days. He has undergone numerous 45-day pre-trial detention renewals and is rarely permitted to attend these hearings.
Alleged victims: 1
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02 Feb 2016
    14 Dec 2015
    Senegal
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
Allégations concernant l’arrestation et la détention arbitraire de sept individus et leur condamnation pour des relations sexuelles entre adultes consentants du même sexe. Selon les informations reçues, le 21 juillet 2015 sept jeunes hommes ont été arrêtés lors d’une opération de police qui s’est déroulée sans présentation d’un mandat de perquisition ou d’un mandat d’arrêt. Ils ont été condamnés à six mois de prison immédiats et 18 mois additionnels avec sursis en application de l’article 319 du Code Pénal qui interdit les actes soi-disant « contre nature » entre personnes de même sexe, ce qui pose des préoccupations en matière de la non-discrimination, de respect de la vie privée et d’égalité devant la loi. Des préservatifs et des lubrifiants trouvés dans l’appartement de l’arrestation ont constitué la preuve principale qui a mené à la condamnation, ce qui pose également des préoccupations quant à l’impact que ce verdict pourrait avoir sur les efforts menés dans la lutte contre le VIH-Sida visant à promouvoir l’utilisation de préservatifs. L’avocat des sept jeunes hommes n’ayant pas été notifié de la décision de la cour, il n’aurait pas pu faire recours en appel.
Alleged victims: 7
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15 Dec 2015
08 Feb 2016
    03 Dec 2015
    Kuwait
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • health
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention, initially incommunicado, torture and ill-treatment, including forced confessions, denial of access to adequate medical treatment and services, and religious intolerance, including at least two instances of denial of religious practice in detention, of 8 Kuwaiti citizens by Kuwaiti security forces. According to the information received, Mr. Hasan Al Attar, Mr. Jassim Mohamed Ghadanfari, Mr. Abdul Mohsen AlShatti, Mr. Hasan Ali Jamal, Mr. Mohamed Jasim al-Meraj, Mr. Hasan Abdulhadi Hajih, Mr. Mohammed al-Husaini, and Mr. Abdulla al-Husain were all arrested, separately, in August 2015, and transferred to the State Security detention centre where they were held incommunicado and allegedly tortured for several days. Following forced confessions, they were transferred to the Central Prison of Kuwait. Several of them were reportedly denied access to a lawyer.
Alleged victims: 8
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17 Dec 2015
21 Jan 2016
    03 Dec 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged prosecution of teachers and teachers’ organizations in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, Mr. Esmail Abdi, General Secretary of the Iranian Teachers’ Trade Association (ITTA), was arrested in June 2015 and is currently being held in Evin Prison in Tehran on unknown charges. The whereabouts of Mr. Ramin Zandnia, a well-known and active ITTA member, and Ms. Pravin Mohammadi, a human rights activist, are unknown since their arrest on 15 October 2015 by Revolutionary guards. Mr. Rasoul Bodahi, a member of ITTA, is currently serving a three year prison sentence handed down to him while he was already serving a prison sentence after he had been arrested in September 2009. Mr. Abdholreza Ghanbari, a literature professor and unionist, was arrested on 4 January 2010 and sentenced to 15 years in prison; he remains imprisoned and in poor health. Mr. Ali Akbar Baghani, the Deputy Director of the ITTA, was sentenced to 5 years in prison and has been detained since his arrest in May 2015. Mr. Mohammad Reza Niknejad and Mr. Mehdi Bohlooli, both ITTA activists, were released on a high bail after their arrest on 31 August 2015; their trial is pending.
Alleged victims: 8
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    01 Dec 2015
    Turkey
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
Alleged killing of a well-known human rights lawyer in Diyarbakir, Turkey. According to the information received, Mr. Tahir Elçi, a human rights lawyer and head of the Bar Association of Diyarbakir, was shot dead on 28 November 2015 in what was reported as a ‘gun battle’ between police officers and unidentified armed men in the old town of Diyarbakir. His death happened shortly after he had delivered a press statement, calling for an end to violence between Turkish security forces and the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). Serious concerns are expressed about the killing of Mr. Tahir Elçi and the possible negative effect it could have on lawyers and human rights defenders, in particular with regard to the exercise of their right to freedom of opinion and expression. The authorities are called to carry out a thorough, independent and transparent investigation and bring those responsible to justice, in line with Turkey’s international human rights obligations.
Alleged victims: 1
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31 Dec 2015
    30 Nov 2015
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • cultural rights
Allegations concerning the imposition of the death sentence following an unfair trial against a poet of Palestinian origin in Saudi Arabia. According to the information received, on 25 May 2014, Mr. Ashraf Fayadh was sentenced to four years imprisonment and 800 lashes for allegedly having committed apostasy. The prosecution appealed the verdict and, on 17 November 2015, the General Court of Abha sentenced Mr. Fayadh to death under the same charge. Mr. Fayadh, who had no legal representation during the judicial proceedings, was given 30 days to appeal the sentence. He remains in detention.
Alleged victims: 1
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04 Mar 2016
    30 Nov 2015
    Lesotho
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and ill-treatment, and unfair trial of at least 23 members of the Lesotho Defence Force, killing of the former Commander of the Lesotho Defense Force, as well as on-going threats and attacks against the independence of the judiciary and lawyers. According to the information received, in May and June 2015, more than 50 members of the Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) were arrested on allegations of plotting a mutiny, some were later released but 23 remained in detention. During the various habeas corpus proceedings that followed, the detainees described the severe torture and ill-treatment to which they had allegedly been subjected. During the same proceedings, heavily-armed LDF guards, largely present around and inside the court, and LDF legal representatives threatened the detainees’ lawyers and their families and intimidated members of the judiciary. On 25 June 2015, the former Commander of the LDF, Brigadier Mahao, was shot and killed by the LDF. In early July 2015, the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) established a commission of inquiry to examine, inter alia, the killing of Brigadier Mahao and the allegations regarding the mutiny plot. It concluded its work in November, but SADC has yet to pronounce its views on the report. On 5 October 2015, the High Court declared the 23 soldiers’ continued detention unlawful and ordered their release, yet 21 soldiers remain in detention to date, and it is alleged that they have been placed in solitary confinement since mid-October 2015. A court martial that was constituted in September is expected to resume its work on 2 December 2015.
Alleged victims: 1
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01 Jun 2016
08 Sep 2017
    30 Nov 2015
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégations de détention arbitraire de deux défenseurs des droits de l’homme. Selon les informations reçues, le 21 janvier 2015, M. Christopher Ngoyi Mutamba, défenseur des droits de l’homme et coordinateur d’un réseau d’organisations de la société civile, aurait été arrêté à Kinshasa par la police militaire congolaise. M. Ngoyi aurait été détenu incommunicado, puis présenté devant le tribunal de paix de Kinshasa Matete, accusé d’avoir publié de fausses informations, d’avoir incité au non-respect de la loi, à la rébellion, et à la haine raciale, de destruction de propriété et de vol. Le 15 mars 2015, M. Yves Makwambala, concepteur du site web de la plateforme Filimbi, aurait été arrêté par des agents de l’Agence nationale de renseignement avec une trentaine de jeunes activistes et défenseurs des droits de l’homme lors d’une conférence de presse. Le 5 mai 2015, il aurait été transféré à la prison de Makala à Kinshasa, accusé, entre autres, d’attentat contre la vie du chef de l’Etat. Dans le cadre de ces deux affaires, la défense aurait fait appel sur des questions de procédure. Les deux procès auraient été suspendus dans l’attente de la décision des juridictions saisies.
Alleged victims: 2
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    25 Nov 2015
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged violations of the rights to life and security of two lawyers. According to the information received, on 3 November 2015, Mr. Tran Thu Nam and another Vietnamese lawyer were attacked by eight unknown masked persons who beat them while they were driving back from Mrs. Do Thi Mai’s home. Mrs. Mai is the mother of a 17-year-old child who died in prison on 10 October 2015 following alleged torture. Grave concern is expressed about the security of Mr. Nam and his colleague. A previous communication concerning Mrs. Do Thi Mai and her son was sent on 30 October 2015, see above, case no. VNM 1/2015.
Alleged victims: 1
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13 Apr 2017
    24 Nov 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged imminent execution of a foreign national in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, Mr. Kelven Ozube Agbai, a Nigerian citizen, has been held in Evin Prison since March 2013, after being arrested upon his arrival at Imam Khomeini Airport in Tehran for drug-trafficking. On 29 August 2013, Branch 24 of Tehran’s Revolutionary Court convicted Mr. Agbai for possession of 1.46 kilograms of cocaine and sentenced him to death. The conviction and death sentence were confirmed by the Prosecutor General’s office. Serious concerns are expressed about the apparent lack of due process and fairness of the trial. Mr. Agbai’s sentence can be executed at any time.
Alleged victims: 1
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    23 Nov 2015
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allegations concerning the imminent execution of two individuals in Bangladesh following unfair trials. According to the information received, in 2013, Mr. Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid and Mr. Salauddin Quader Chowdhury were sentenced to death by the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh on charges of war crimes and genocide. Their trial and appeal processes reportedly failed to meet international standards on fair trial and due process. On 17 and 18 November 2015, the Appelate Division of the Supreme Court rejected the defendants’ review applications, which were effectively their last appeal. The defendants may be executed at any time. Mr. Chowdhury and Mr. Mujahid were the subject of two previous communications sent on 3 October 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. BGD 6/2012, and 16 November 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. BGD 8/2012. Mr. Chowdhury was also the subject of one earlier communication sent on 21 February 2011, see A/HRC/18/51, case no. BGD 2/2011.
Alleged victims: 2
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    23 Nov 2015
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Allegations of torture and imminent execution of two individuals in Bahrain following unfair trials and confessions extracted under torture. According to information received, Mr. Mohamad Ramadan and Mr. Husain Ali Moosa were arrested in early 2014 and subjected to torture. They were forced to confess under duress and later recanted their confessions. On 29 December 2014, a Bahraini criminal court sentenced them to death for their alleged involvement in a bomb explosion in Al Dair, which resulted in the killing of a police officer. The defense claims that the death penalty was imposed without evidence of guilt of the defendants, and in disregard of abundant evidence of ill-treatment, torture, and politically motivated charges. On 16 November 2015, Bahrain’s Court of Cassation rejected the final appeal brought on behalf of the defendants and the sentences were subsequently sent to His Majesty the King for final approval. Mr. Mohamad Ramadan was the subject of a previous communication sent on 14 August 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. BHR 11/2014.
Alleged victims: 2
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23 Feb 2016
    20 Nov 2015
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Alleged arbitrary detention, incommunicado detention, including in a secret detention location, torture and ill-treatment, and lack of due process guarantees of six foreign businessmen. According to the information received, in August 2014, Mr. Salim Alaradi and Mr. Mohamed Alaradi, brothers and both Libyan-Canadian citizens, Mr. Kamal Ahmed Al Darrat and Mr. Mohamed Kamal Al Darrat, father and son, both Libyan-American citizens, Mr. Adel Rajab Beleid Nasef, Libyan citizen, and Mr. Moad Mohamed Al Hashmi, Libyan citizen, were arrested by State Security officials in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).They were subsequently kept in incommunicado detention for a prolonged period of time at a secret detention location and subjected to torture and ill-treatment. On 27 December 2014, Mr. Mohamed Alaradi was released without charges and deported. The five other men reportedly remain in detention. They have not had access to a lawyer and were not presented to a judge to date. Serious concerns are raised about the physical and psychological integrity of the six individuals, as well as their health conditions
Alleged victims: 6
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18 Dec 2015
    20 Nov 2015
    Israel
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • housing
  • health
Alleged imminent forced eviction of a Palestinian family in East Jerusalem, Occupied Palestinian Territory. According to information received, on 11 October 2015, an Israeli District Court upheld a Magistrate’s Court decision of 14 September 2014 to issue an eviction order against the Ghaith-Sub Laban family following a petition by an Israeli settler organization. The Magistrate, herself a settler, accepted the claim of the settler organization that the family, who holds protected tenancy status and continues to live in the property, had abandoned the house and lost their protected status. Since June 2015, the National Insurance Institute stopped the family’s social benefits, including their medical insurance. The forced eviction is set for 30 November 2015, although a temporary injunction against the eviction was granted 18 November 2015 pending further decision by the High Court. Concerns are raised that the forced eviction would violate the right to adequate housing, rights of due process and procedural fairness and provisions under international humanitarian law. The alleged forced eviction against the Ghaith-Sub Laban family was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 30 April 2015, see A/HRC/30/27, case no. ISR 1/2015.
Alleged victims: 2
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18 Jan 2016
    18 Nov 2015
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alegadas presiones sobre los fiscales en el proceso penal en contra de un líder de la oposición política y de otros acusados por parte del poder ejecutivo y de autoridades superiores del Ministerio Público. Según la información recibida, el 23 de octubre de 2015, el Fiscal Franklin Nieves ha declarado públicamente haber recibido presiones del poder ejecutivo y de sus superiores durante el desempeño de su cargo a los fines de avanzar en la acusación penal en contra del Sr. Leopoldo López Mendoza, líder del partido de oposición Voluntad Popular, y de otros acusados. Aseguró que las pruebas sobre las cuales basó su investigación eran falsas y que no había mérito para el enjuiciamiento criminal. De manera más general, el Sr. Nieves afirmó que los fiscales del Ministerio Público son constantemente amenazados con destitución y hasta arresto en caso de no cumplir con órdenes de sus superiores. El Sr. Leopoldo López Mendoza ha sido objeto de tres comunicaciones anteriores enviadas con fechas 3 de marzo de 2014, véase A/HRC/27/72, caso VEN 1/2014; 7 de agosto de 2014, véase A/HRC/28/85, caso VEN 6/2014; y 23 de febrero de 2015, véase A/HRC/29/50, caso VEN 3/2015.
Alleged victims: 1
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    16 Nov 2015
    Somalia
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Somalia
  • executions
  • torture
  • health
  • disability
Alleged imminent execution of a man with a psychosocial disability who is reportedly at risk of imminent execution in the autonomous region of Somaliland, in Somalia. According to the information received, Mr. Abdullahi Ali, aged 38, has a long history of serious mental disability and had been institutionalized in Daryeel Mental Health Hospital between 2012 and 2014. Two months after his release from hospital, he shot dead a man following an altercation. Mr. Ali was charged with manslaughter and detained for approximately one year before his trial. He had no legal representation during the proceedings. Despite his history of serious psychosocial disability, no psychiatric or psychological evaluation was carried out nor was his mental disability taken into consideration by the court. In August 2015, the Regional Court of Somaliland sentenced Mr. Ali to death. Mr. Ali’s family attempted to submit his mental health records to the Appellate Court for its consideration but the Court refused to accept the evidence and upheld the death sentence. Mr. Ali is at imminent risk of execution by firing squad.
Alleged victims: 1
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    16 Nov 2015
    Other actors
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Somalia
  • executions
  • torture
  • health
  • disability
Alleged imminent execution of a man with a psychosocial disability who is reportedly at risk of imminent execution in the autonomous region of Somaliland, in Somalia. According to the information received, Mr. Abdullahi Ali, aged 38, has a long history of serious psychosocial disability and had been institutionalized in Daryeel Mental Health Hospital between 2012 and 2014. Two months after his release from hospital, he shot dead a man following an altercation. Mr. Ali was charged with manslaughter and detained for approximately one year before his trial. He had no legal representation during the proceedings. Despite his history of serious psychosocial disability, no psychiatric or psychological evaluation was carried out nor was his disability taken into consideration by the court. In August 2015, the Regional Court of Somaliland sentenced Mr. Ali to death. Mr. Ali’s family attempted to submit his mental health records to the Appellate Court for its consideration but the Court refused to accept the evidence and upheld the death sentence. Mr. Ali is at imminent risk of execution by firing squad.
Alleged victims: 1
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10 May 2016
16 Jun 2016
    13 Nov 2015
    Burundi
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allégations de violations du droit à la vie et des libertés d’expression, de réunion et d’association pacifique ainsi que de cas de torture. Selon les informations reçues, le corps de M. Welli Nzitonda, aurait été retrouvé dans une maison du quartier de Mutakura où il avait été arrêté deux heures auparavant par la police. Ce fait s’ajoute à de nombreuses allégations d’exécutions arbitraires, détentions arbitraires, torture, de violations des libertés d’expression, de réunion pacifique et d’association, des restrictions à la liberté de circulation, ainsi que des allégations de discours d’incitation à la violence de la part de représentants de l’Etat.
Alleged victims: 1
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07 Jan 2016
29 Jan 2016
    11 Nov 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged imminent executions of two men who were under the age of 18 at the time of the alleged offences and of one political activist in Iran, following repeated torture during detention and the extraction of confessions under torture and after trials that did not comply with due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, Mr. Mohammad Ali Zehi is currently imprisoned in Adelabad Prison, where he is to be executed for his alleged involvement in drug trafficking for activities that occurred when he was under the age of 18. Mr. Milad Azimi was convicted for allegedly causing death by stabbing in a fight that the court has acknowledged occurred when he was 17 years old. Mr. Shahram Ahmadi was convicted of “waging war against God” through “links to Salafi groups” and “propaganda against the system, through participating in ideological and political classes and possessing, selling, and buying books and CDs of speeches related to Sunni beliefs.” He is being held in Raja’i Shahr Prison. All three men are at risk of imminent execution.
Alleged victims: 3
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18 Apr 2016
04 May 2016
    10 Nov 2015
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations concerning the arrest, detention and charges to be brought against a journalist and human rights defender. According to the information received, in October 2015, Mr. Hossam Bahgat published a number of articles on the Egyptian military. On 8 November 2015, Mr. Bahgat appeared before military intelligence for interrogation in compliance with a summons issued to him. He was subsequently arrested and transferred to the Office of the Military Prosecutor, where he was further interrogated about his written work. He reportedly remains in detention in an unknown location pending investigation and has not been charged. Grave concern is expressed that the alleged motivation for his arrest and detention relates to his legitimate exercise of his rights to freedom of opinion and expression.
Alleged victims: 1
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    02 Nov 2015
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Allégations d’abus physiques, d’examen médical dégradant, de procédure judiciaire irrégulière, et de condamnation pénale d’un homme de 22 ans apparemment fondée uniquement sur son orientation sexuelle perçue. Selon les informations reçues, le 6 septembre 2015, M. X a été arrêté par la police et interrogé sur la mort violente d’un autre homme. Les policiers ont accusé M. X d’avoir eu des relations homosexuelles avec l’homme décédé, puis ils l’ont physiquement et verbalement abusé pendant l’interrogatoire. Sous cette contrainte, M. X a confirmé avoir eu une relation homosexuelle avec la personne décédée. Il a par la suite été soumis à un examen médical dégradant et humiliant mené sans son consentement éclairé. Le 22 septembre 2015, Mr. X a été condamné à un an d’emprisonnement pour violation de l’article 230 du code pénal tunisien qui criminalise la sodomie. La procédure judiciaire dont M. X a fait l’objet a été menée sans qu’il puisse bénéficier d’un avocat.
Alleged victims: 1
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09 Feb 2016
    30 Oct 2015
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged violations of the rights to life, liberty and security of the person, and fair trial, as well as the right to be free from torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. According to the information received, Mr. Le Van Manh was sentenced to death in 2005 for robbery, murder and rape in Yen Thinh Ward, Yen Dinh District (Thanh Hoa Province). During his detention, it is alleged that he was severely beaten and coerced to confess to crimes. Following seven court hearings, including three trials, three appeals and one cassation, between 2005 to 2008, the High Court upheld his death sentence in October 2015. In another case, a 17-year-old boy was arrested on 5 August 2015 for robbery. He was taken to an adult prison where he was prevented from receiving visits from his family. It is alleged that he was beaten during several days while in prison as revealed by the multiple injuries found on his body. He died on 10 October 2015. The authorities reportedly refused to proceed with the autopsy properly and claimed that the boy was beaten by a cellmate. His mother is allegedly being threatened by the police because she complained to the United Nations human rights mechanisms.
Alleged victims: 3
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13 Apr 2017
    29 Oct 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations concerning the execution of a Kurdish man on charges of moharebeh (enmity against God) in Iran. On 26 August 2015, Mr. Behrouz Alkhani, a 30-year-old Kurdish man, was executed while awaiting the outcome of a Supreme Court appeal. He had reportedly been held in solitary confinement without access to a lawyer for over a year prior to his execution. Mr. Alkhani was arrested in January 2010 in West Azerbaijan and, in 2011, convicted and sentenced to death on charges of “effective collaboration with PJAK” (Party of Free Life of Kurdistan) and “enmity against God (moharebeh) for his alleged role in the assassination of the Prosecutor of Khoy, in the West Azerbaijan province. Following his execution, authorities have reportedly refused to return his body to his family for burial.
Alleged victims: 1
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26 Apr 2016
    29 Oct 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged arbitrary detention, sentencing to flogging and subjecting human rights activists to a virginity test. According to the information received, Ms. Fatemeh Ekhtesari was sentenced to over 11 years in prison for her collection of poetry. Mr. Mehdi Moosavi was sentenced to six years in prison for his poetry. Ms. Atena Farghadani was sentenced to over twelve years for a cartoon. All three were also charged with “illegitimate sexual relationship short of adultery” for shaking hands with a non-relative of the opposite sex. Ms. Ekhtesari and Mr. Moosavi were sentenced to ninety-nine lashes. Ms. Farghadani has not been sentenced but has already been subjected to forced virginity and pregnancy testing. Ms. Narges Mohammadi, a prominent Iranian rearrested 5 May 2015, has been subjected to harassment and deprived of necessary medical care. Ms Farghadani and Ms Mohammadi have been the subjects of seven previous communications, the most recent of which was sent 4 June 2015, see above, case no. IRN 6/2015.
Alleged victims: 4
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04 Mar 2016
16 Mar 2016
    29 Oct 2015
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary and incommunicado detention, and targeting of a human rights defender as well as incommunicado residential surveillance of a human rights lawyer. According to the information received, on 25 of March 2015, Mr. Chen Yunfei was detained by police from the Special Task Force in Chengdu Budi County and brought to Xinjin County Detention Center. On 3 April 2015 he was formally arrested on suspicion of ‘inciting subversion of state power’ and “creating disturbance”. He is reportedly held in incommunicado detention. Mr. Yunfei has been prevented from his right to legal counsel, and one of his lawyers, Mr. Sui Muqing, has been placed under incommunicado “residential surveillance at a designated location”.
Alleged victims: 2
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06 Jan 2016
    22 Oct 2015
    Azerbaijan
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
Alleged ill-treatment and inadequate detention conditions of a human rights defender whilst in detention. According to the information received, while in detention in Baku prison No.6, Mr. Intigam Aliyev has endured harsh and degrading conditions. This has included being detained in a quarantine cell for a period exceeding the legal limit under Azerbaijani law, without a bed; being refused regular and uninterrupted access to a lawyer of his choosing and to his family, and no access to necessary medical care. Mr. Aliyev has also been subject to continuous pressure from prison authorities when requesting these authorities to respect his right to physical and psychological integrity. Mr. Aliyev was the subject of three previous communications sent on 29 May 2015, see A/HRC/30/27, case no. AZE 2/2015; on 15 August 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. AZE 5/2014; and on 1 February 2013, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. AZE 2/2013.
Alleged victims: 1
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12 Jan 2016
    21 Oct 2015
    Ethiopia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of enforced disappearance, detention and trumped-up charges against three human rights defenders. According to the information received, on 15 March 2015, three Ethiopian human rights defenders, Messrs. Omot Agwa Okwoy, Ashinie Astin and Jamal Oumar Hojele, were arrested at Addis Ababa airport. They had been travelling to Nairobi, Kenya, in order to participate in a workshop on food security. They were subsequently disappeared for two weeks, before appearing at Maekelawi Police Station. They were detained at the police station for six months without access to their lawyers. On 7 September 2015, they were charged at the Federal High Court in Addis Ababa under the anti-terrorism law. After being charged, they were transferred to Kulinto Prison. Their next trial date is set for 22 October 2015.
Alleged victims: 3
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    20 Oct 2015
    Mexico
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
Alegaciones relativas a presuntos actos de tortura a una detenida cometidos por agentes de la autoridad. Según la información recibida, el 10 de julio de 2012, la Sra. Yecenia Armenta Graciano habría sido arrestada en el estado de Sinaloa por miembros de la policía ministerial acusada del homicidio de su marido. El mismo día de su arresto habría sido llevada a un lugar desconocido y torturada. La policía la habría torturado, insultándola, violándola con objetos introducidos en su vagina y ano y amenazándola con violar y matar a sus hijos. Tras la tortura, la Sra. Armenta confesó el homicidio de su marido y habría pasado a custodia policial oficial. En septiembre de 2012 y marzo de 2014 médicos expertos independientes examinaron a la Sra. Armenta y certificaron la consistencia entre las alegaciones de tortura y las evidencias de esta en el cuerpo de la detenida, desmintiendo el informe realizado en 2013 por médicos de la Procuraduría General de la República. En febrero de 2015 el Procurador de Justicia de Sinaloa habría abierto una investigación por tortura, aunque hasta la fecha los policías que pudieron estar implicados permanecen en servicio.
Alleged victims: 1
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27 Jan 2016
    19 Oct 2015
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged torture and imminent execution of a juvenile offender in Saudi Arabia. According to the information received, in late 2011 and early 2012, Mr. Dawood Hussain al-Marhoon, who was 16 years old at that time, participated in a number of Arab Spring anti-government protests in Qatif, Eastern Province. On 22 May 2012, Saudi government forces reportedly detained him and subsequently subjected him to torture. On 29 January 2014, he was charged with “sowing corruption and breaching security” for his participation in the protests in Qatif. The prosecution relied on the forced confession obtained from him under torture. Mr. Al-Marhoon had no access to legal assistance during his arrest and interrogations. On 29 September 2015, the Specialised Criminal Court confirmed the death sentence against Mr. Al-Marhoon. Concern is raised that the death penalty may be carried out against Mr. Al-Marhoon despite the fact that he was a child at the time of the alleged crime, following an unfair trial, and that he may have been subject to torture.
Alleged victims: 1
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    16 Oct 2015
    Qatar
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • cultural rights
Alleged arbitrary detention of a Qatari poet for writing and reciting poems criticizing the Amir of Qatar and praising the Tunisian revolution. According to the information received, since February 2013, Mr. Mohammed al-Ajami, also known as Mr. Mohammed Ibn al-Dheeb, is serving a 15 years prison sentence for a poem he wrote in 2010 criticizing Sheikh Tamim Al Thani. Irregularities have been reported throughout the legal procedures, including the fact that the legal reasons for reducing the sentence from life imprisonment to 15 years were not clearly exposed. It is also alleged that, for the last two years, Mr. al-Ajami has been subjected to harsh conditions, with periods of solitary confinement during his detention. Serious concerns are raised regarding the compatibility of the sentence with international human rights standards relating to freedom of opinion and expression and the right to take part in cultural life, as well as concerning the right to a fair trial. Mr. Al-Ajami has been the subject of a previous communication sent on 21 December 2012, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. QAT 1/2012.
Alleged victims: 1
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02 Dec 2015
    13 Oct 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • health
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations concerning the deteriorating health conditions of a political prisoner. According to the information received, Mr. Mohammed Ali Taheri, who has been sentenced to death for “corruption on earth”, is currently engaged in a hunger strike that is approaching two months in length. He is protesting the illegitimacy of the crime he was convicted of as well as the deprivation of due process in the case and for the subsequent appeal. Mr. Taheri’s medical condition is deteriorating quickly and he is at risk of death. Mr Taheri has been the subject of five previous urgent appeals sent on 10 July 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 11/2013; 22 August 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 13/2013; 24 March 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 4/2014; 25 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 28/2014; and 10 August 2015, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 12/2015.
Alleged victims: 1
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24 Nov 2015
    09 Oct 2015
    India
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • disappearances
Alleged continued refusal to renew the passport of a human rights lawyer since 2004 in an attempt to restrict his work in relation to investigations of enforced disappearances. According to the information received, Mr. Parvez Imroz has been denied the renewal of his passport since 2004. His most recent application for the renewal of his travel documents is currently pending with the Government. On 8 August 2015, he was provided assurances by the Inspector General of the Criminal Investigation Department of Jammu and Kashmir that his current application would be successful. However, his passport remains to be renewed. Mr. Imroz has been the subject of five previous communications, sent on 17 January 2012, see A/HRC/20/30, case no. IND 23/2011; 20 November 2008, case no. IND 31/2008; 8 July 2008, case no. IND 18/2008; 14 September 2006, case no. IND 29/2006; 1 May 2006, case no. IND 16/2006.
Alleged victims: 1
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05 Sep 2016
    05 Oct 2015
    Djibouti
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégations concernant l’arrestation et la détention arbitraire de six personnes membres ou sympathisants de groupes de l’opposition politique. Selon les informations reçues, le 18 septembre 2015, au moins 41 personnes ont été arrêtées par la gendarmerie de Dikhil suite à une manifestation pacifique organisée pour dénoncer l’intention du président actuel de se présenter pour un quatrième mandat consécutif. Parmi elles se trouvaient M. Abdoulkarim Djama Guedi, M. Hamze Reyeh Hassan, M. Yahye Elmi Younis et M. Mahmoud Farah Roble, tous membres ou proches de l’Union pour le Salut National (USN) et du Mouvement des Jeunes de l’Opposition (MJO). M. Ibrahim Hassan Abdi, député élu pour l’USN, et M. Said Ali Miguil, responsable USN à Dikhil, ont été arrêtés et placés en garde à vue plus tard dans la même journée. Alors que le 21 septembre 2015, plusieurs des personnes arrêtées ont été libérées sans être inculpées, les six personnes susmentionnées demeurent détenues et ont été inculpées pour « manifestation illégale » le 22 septembre 2015, sans avoir eu accès à un avocat. Le 27 septembre, la demande de remise en liberté provisoire des six détenus a été refusée; l’audience a été ajournée au 4 octobre 2015. La situation de plusieurs membres de l’USN avait déjà fait l’objet d’une communication précédente envoyée le 14 février 2014, voir A/HRC/26/21, cas DJI 1/2014.
Alleged victims: 6
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22 Oct 2015
    30 Sep 2015
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged violations of the rights to life, liberty and security of the person, and fair trial, as well as the right to be free from torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of a Jordanian national. According to the information received, in May 2014, Mr. Husain Abu al Khair, a Jordanian national, was arrested for drug trafficking while crossing the border between Jordan and Saudi Arabia. During his arrest and subsequent detention, he was reportedly subjected to torture. In May 2015, he was sentenced to death by the Tabouk criminal court following a trial which did not respect basic fair trial and due process guarantees, in particular the right to have access to a lawyer. Concern is raised that the death penalty may be carried out against Mr. Al Khair following an unfair trial and for an offense which does not meet the threshold of “most serious crimes”; further concern is raised that the victim may have been subjected to torture for the purpose of extracting a confession.
Alleged victims: 1
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04 May 2016
    28 Sep 2015
    Angola
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of a human rights lawyer, his client and a human rights defender, and sentencing of the latter. According to the information received, on 14 March 2015, Mr. José Marcos Mavungo, Vice President of the human rights organization Mpalabanda - Associação Civica de Cabinda, was arrested by police officers without a warrant at a Catholic church and detained in Yabi prison in Cabinda. Mr. Mavungo had been involved in organizing a peaceful demonstration calling for better governance and in support of human rights in Cabinda. On 27 May 2015, Mr. Mavungo was formally charged with “rebellion” and, on 14 September 2015, sentenced to six years’ imprisonment by the Cabanda Provincial Court. Due to his detention and prior health conditions, Mr. Mavungo is reportedly in urgent need of adequate medical treatment. In a separate case, on 14 March 2015, Mr. Arão Bula Tempo, a human rights lawyer, and his client, Mr. Manuel Biongo, were travelling on business near the border with the Republic of the Congo when they were approached by an individual who pretended to be one of Mr. Tempo’s former students. When they voluntarily following him to a nearby office, which turned out to be the office of the criminal investigation police in Massabi, both men were escorted to the police commander’s office in Lândana and subsequently transferred to the Provincial Directorate of Criminal Investigation in the city of Cabinda. On 17 March 2015, the two men were informed that they were suspected of having committed the crime of “collaboration with foreigners to constrain the State of Angola” and transferred to Cadeia Civil da Comarca de Cabinda (Cabinda civil prison). On 13 May 2015, both men were conditionally released pending trial.
Alleged victims: 3
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    17 Sep 2015
    Mexico
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
Alegaciones sobre la detención de un abogado, representante legal de comunidades indígenas en la defensa de sus derechos. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 22 de julio de 2015, el abogado Sr. Eduardo Arturo Mosqueda Sánchez habría acompañado en su calidad de abogado, a miembros de la comunidad indígena de Ayotitlán en la municipalidad de Cuautitlán, estado de Jalisco, quienes se habrían acercado a las instalaciones de la compañía minera Consorcio Minero Benito Juárez Pena Colorada S.A. Una decisión judicial de cesación habría sido otorgada en 2013 en respuesta a un amparo presentado por el Sr. Mosqueda Sánchez. El Sr. Mosqueda Sánchez y miembros de la comunidad se habrían apersonado y habrían presentado copia del amparo. En respuesta, habrían sido hostigados y golpeados por la policía del Estado de Jalisco. El Sr. Mosqueda Sánchez había sido detenido en ese momento y el 30 de julio de 2015 habría sido formalmente acusado de la comisión de delitos graves.
Alleged victims: 1
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06 May 2016
    27 Aug 2015
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary and incommunicado detention, and high risk of torture or ill-treatment, of a United Arab Emirates national. According to the information received, on 18 August 2015, Mr. Nasser bin Ghaith was arrested by State Security officers of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) at his workplace in Abu Dhabi. Mr. Bin Ghaith has been incommunicado since that date. Mr. Bin Ghaith was one of the five activists known as the “UAE 5” who were arrested and detained in 2011, and released after conviction under a presidential pardon. Grave concerns are expressed regarding the fate and whereabouts of Mr. Bin Ghaith and his physical and psychological integrity as he may be at high risk of torture or other ill-treatment. Mr. Bin Ghaith was the subject of five previous communications sent on 26 April 2011, see A/HRC/18/51, case ARE 4/2011; on 27 September 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case ARE 6/2011; on 25 November 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case ARE 8/2011; on 7 November 2012, see A/HRC/24/21 and A/HRC/22/67, case ARE 7/2012; and on 20 June 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case ARE 3/2013.
Alleged victims: 1
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    27 Aug 2015
    Cuba
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Presunta detención arbitraria y tortura aplicada a un detenido. Según la información recibida, el Sr. Emmanuel Abreu Sánchez fue arrestado en la Provincia de Holguín el 8 de febrero de 2014 por agentes policiales cuando intentaba salir del país de manera supuestamente ilegal junto con otras cuatro personas. Fue acusado y procesado por el delito de salida ilegal del país. Sin embargo, resultó condenado a 12 años de prisión por la comisión del delito de tráfico de personas, en un juicio en el que no se habrían respetado las garantías del debido proceso. No pudo contar con un abogado de su elección y los testigos de cargo no se presentaron a las audiencias. Las autoridades judiciales negaron acceso a la defensa al informe policial sobre el caso, alegando razones de seguridad de Estado. El Sr. Sánchez también habría sufrido tortura y malos tratos en la prisión Combinado de Guantánamo debiendo ser conducido al hospital. Declarado en huelga de hambre, estaría siendo alimentado contra su voluntad.
Alleged victims: 1
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22 Oct 2015
    25 Aug 2015
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • trafficking in persons
Alleged imminent execution of seven Pakistani nationals in Saudi Arabia for drug trafficking. According to the information received, between 2005 and 2013, Mr. Mohammad Afzal, Mr. Safeer Ahmad, Mr. Mohammad Fiaz, Mr. Mohammad Imran, Mr. Ghulam Shabbir, Mr. Mohammad Irfan and Mr. Liaquat Ali were arrested by Saudi police officers upon their arrival in the country. The seven men are citizens of Pakistan from rural areas, with little or no formal education and families financially dependent on them. They had been approached by the Overseas Employment Promoters (“OEPs”) in Pakistan. OEPs had promised to arrange work for them in Saudi Arabia that could provide significant remittances to their families. Several days before their respective departure to Saudi Arabia, OEPs contacted the men asking that they travel to Islamabad or Karachi to receive plane tickets and visas. The men were reportedly subsequently subjected to torture and/or ill treatment by OEPs to force them to ingest narcotics concealed in capsules. All seven men were accused of trafficking narcotics and sentenced to death for drug offences by Saudi courts. Numerous irregularities were reported in connection with the arrests and legal proceedings that led to the imposition of the death penalty against them.
Alleged victims: 7
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    24 Aug 2015
    Ukraine
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • disappearances
Alleged enforced disappearance of a Russian national in Ukraine after being released from detention. According to the information received, on 6 March 2015, the Ovidiopol District Court of Odessa region passed a sentence which found Mr. X guilty of “trespass against the territorial integrity and inviolability of Ukraine”. The court also decided to exempt Mr. X from punishment under the regime of probation. After being released from custody, Mr. X was allegedly invited by convoy officers to receive his personal belongings. Mr. X was reportedly approached by several individuals, allegedly belonging to the Security Service of the Odessa Region in Ukraine, who used violence to place him into a minibus and drove off. It is reported that no messages or phone calls have been received from Mr. X since then. His fate and whereabouts remain unknown to date.
Alleged victims: 1
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06 Oct 2015
    19 Aug 2015
    Azerbaijan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations concerning the detention and sentencing of two human rights defenders as a result of their legitimate human rights work. According to the information received, on 13 August 2015, Ms. Leyla Yunus and Mr. Arif Yunusov, two Azerbaijani human rights defenders, were sentenced to eight and a half and seven years’ imprisonment respectively, after having been found guilty of ‘large scale fraud’, ‘forgery’, ‘tax evasion’ and ‘illegal business’. Both human rights defenders will allegedly be facing another trial at a future date concerning charges of treason which remain pending. Grave concern is expressed at the conviction and sentencing of Ms. Yunus and Mr. Yunusov, which are believed to be a direct response to their peaceful and legitimate human rights work. Ms. Yunus was the subject of five previous communications dated 24 August 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. AZE 2/2011; 5 March 2012, see A/HRC/20/30, case no. AZE 1/2012; 9 May 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. AZE 3/2014; 12 August 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. AZE 4/2014; and 13 February 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. AZE 1/2015. Mr. Yunusov was the subject of two of the previous communication mentioned above; case no. AZE 3/2014 and case no. AZE 4/2014.
Alleged victims: 2
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11 Sep 2015
    14 Aug 2015
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • health
  • terrorism
Allegations of ill-treatment, including as a result of unlawful and/or arbitrary arrest and continued pre-trial detention in poor prison conditions, inadequate to the victim’s status as a minor at the time of the events, or otherwise inadequate to ensure his physical and mental integrity; possible imposition of the death penalty and life imprisonment for offences allegedly committed by a minor, and as a result of mass trial and sentencing, without due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received Mr. Ibrahim Halawa, an Irish citizen, aged 17 at the time of the events, is currently detained in Cairo on terrorism-related charges. He is facing life imprisonment or the death penalty, if found guilty. Concerns are expressed at his physical and mental integrity; the unlawfulness and/or arbitrariness of his arrest and pre-trial detention; and the lack of due process and fair trial guarantees, in particular the lack of access to legal counsel.
Alleged victims: 1
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11 Dec 2015
    30 Jul 2015
    Iraq
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
Allegations concerning the arrest and detention of four lawyers, and the summary execution of one of them, for discharging their professional duties. According to the information received, Mr. Mouayad Obeed al-Ezzi, Mr. Ziad Ghanem Shaaban al-Naseri, Mr. Salah Khabbas al-Obeidi and Mr. Badee Aref Izzat were arrested, temporarily detained and interrogated, and Mr. Al-Obeidi, killed, between November 2011 and March 2014, in relation to the discharge of their professional functions as lawyers defending individuals in politically sensitive cases. With regard to the case of Mr. Al-Obeidi, who was killed by an unidentified armed group on 24 March 2013, it is reported that no investigation has been carried out to date to identify the perpetrators and bring them to justice. Concern is expressed that these cases may show a possible pattern of intimidation and harassment of lawyers who take up politically sensitive cases.
Alleged victims: 4
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    30 Jul 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations concerning the introduction of restrictions on the right to a fair trial by a new Code of Criminal Procedure in Iran. According to the information received, on 22 June 2015, a new Code of Criminal Procedure came into force in which the right to access to a lawyer during the investigative phase could be limited to choosing counsel from a roster approved by the Head of the Judiciary. The same restrictions apply to individuals facing crimes against national or foreign security, political and press crimes as well as crimes punishable by the death sentence or life imprisonment. The new Code also reportedly allows the right to a lawyer to be waived by the judiciary for up to a week in these cases, as well as removes the provision that discredited the investigation of cases in which the defendant’s right to a lawyer during the investigative phase was withheld or not properly implemented. Concern is expressed that the new Code of Criminal Procedure appears to weaken or abrogate some of the positive measures introduced in the Code approved in April 2014, thereby undermining fair trial and due process guarantees.
Alleged victims: -
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    24 Jul 2015
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • international order
Non-conformité présumée de divers articles d’un projet de loi organique relatif à la lutte contre le terrorisme et à la répression du blanchiment d’argent avec un certain nombre de dispositions du Pacte international relatif aux droits civils et politiques. Selon les informations reçues, plusieurs dispositions du projet de loi n° 2015-22 relatif à la lutte contre le terrorisme et à la répression du blanchiment d’argent soulèveraient des questions quant à leur compatibilité avec les obligations internationales de la Tunisie en matière de droits de l’homme, notamment les articles 2, 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12 à 22 et 26 du Pacte.
Alleged victims: -
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    21 Jul 2015
    Egypt
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • international order
Alleged non-compliance of the draft national anti-terrorism law with a number of provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. According to the information received, on 2 July 2015, the Egyptian State Council approved a number of amendments to the Egyptian anti-terrorism law. The draft law should enter into force after the President approves it. The amendments were reportedly introduced after the killing of the prosecutor general in a car bomb attack in Cairo on 29 June 2015, and a number of simultaneous attacks launched on several checkpoints in North Sinai, in early July 2015. Reportedly several proposed provisions of the draft anti-terrorism law would be incompatible with Egypt’s international human rights obligations, particularly as they arise from Articles 2, 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14 to 22 and 26 of the Covenant.
Alleged victims: -
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05 Aug 2015
    16 Jul 2015
    Thailand
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary detention, prosecution and trial before a military court of 14 students belonging to the Neo Democracy Movement due to their participation in peaceful protests. According to the information received, on 26 June 2015, police forces arrested Ms. Chonticha Chaengreo, Mr. Rangsiman Rome, Mr. Wasant Sadesit, Mr. Songtham Kaewpanphruek, Mr. Payu Boonsopon, Mr. Apiwat Suntararak, Mr. Rattapol Supasophon, Mr. Supachai Pookhlongploy, Mr. Apisit Sapnapaphan, Mr. Panupong Sritananuwat, Mr. Suvicha Pitungkorn, Mr. Pakorn Areekul, Mr. Chatupat Boonyapatraksa, and Mr. Pornchai Yuanyee in execution of an arrest warrant issued by the Bangkok Military Court following their participation in a series of peaceful demonstrations to protest against the 2014 coup d’état and forced evictions of rural communities in north-eastern Thailand. They were charged with breaching National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) No. 3/2015, which prohibits gatherings of more than five people, and article 116 of the Criminal Code (‘sedition’). They face up to seven years in prison under the sedition charges, and up to six months’ imprisonment and a fine of 10,000 Baht (about 279 USD) for violating the NCPO. On 27 June, the Bangkok Military Court decided the remand in custody of the 14 students for 12 days. On 7 July, it ordered their unconditional release, while maintaining the charges brought against them. Ms. Sirikan Charoensiri, one of the lawyers representing the students, who was reportedly the victim of threats and acts of intimidation in relation to the discharge of her professional duties in the present case, was the subject of a previous communication sent on 7 July 2015, see above, case no. THA 6/2015.
Alleged victims: -
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20 Jul 2015
    15 Jul 2015
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention, in some cases incommunicado, or questioning of more than 140 lawyers and other persons associated to their work, as well as unknown fate and whereabouts of 12 of them. According to the information received, since 9 July 2015, more than 140 lawyers and other persons associated to their work, including law firm employees, legal staff and human rights defenders, have been detained or questioned by the police throughout the country. Seven individuals, including four lawyers, are in police custody to this date; among them are Ms. Wang Yu, a well-known lawyer based in Beijing, and her husband, Mr. Bao Longjun. Three other individuals, including two lawyers, are under residential surveillance at unknown locations. 12 persons, including three lawyers, have also reportedly disappeared in unknown circumstances and their fate and whereabouts are unknown to date. Serious concern is expressed as most of the lawyers, if not all, had been working on human rights-related and other politically sensitive cases.
Alleged victims: 2
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09 Oct 2015
    15 Jul 2015
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allegations relative to judicial proceedings, with no access to appeal procedures, against a journalist and a group of 23 individuals for exercising their legitimate right to freedom of expression. According to the information received, on 2 December 2014, Mr. David Bergman, a journalist, was convicted and sentenced by the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh under contempt of court charges for having published on his blog three articles challenging the ‘death figure’ of the 1971 Liberation War and expressing criticism of the Tribunal. Reportedly after 49 persons signed a letter expressing concern at his conviction, 23 of them were charged for contempt and, on 10 June 2015, one of the signatories, Mr. Zafrullah Chowdhury, was found guilty by the Tribunal. It is further reported that the law does not provide access to appeal in such cases. Following a petition with the High Court division of the Supreme Court, Mr. Chowdhury made an “Application for Complete Justice” at the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the hearing of which is due to take place on 26 July 2015.
Alleged victims: 2
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    10 Jul 2015
    Mexico
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
Presuntas alegaciones de detención arbitraria de 12 personas procesadas en relación al “caso Ayotzinapa”, en México, y alegaciones de tortura y malos tratos en su contra. Según la información recibida, la Sra. Verónica Bahena Cruz y los Sres. Santiago Manzón Cedillo, Héctor Aguilar Ávalos, Alejandro Lara García, Edgar Magdaleno Navarro Cruz y Jesús Parra Arroyo, policías de los municipios de Iguala y Cocula, Estado de Guerrero, así como los Sres. Marco Antonio Ríos Berber, Raúl Núñez Salgado, Agustín García Reyes, Jonathan Osorio Cortez, Patricio Reyes Landa y Carlos Canto Salgado, habrían sido detenidos, torturados y procesados en relación al caso de la desaparición forzada de 43 estudiantes y la ejecución de otras seis personas en Iguala, Estado de Guerrero, entre el 26 y el 27 de septiembre de 2014. Cuatro de las 12 personas procesadas han sido mencionadas por el ex Procurador General de la República como testigos claves en el esclarecimiento de los hechos sucedidos en Iguala. Tanto el caso de la desaparición forzada de los 43 estudiantes y la ejecución de las otras seis personas, como otros casos relativos a violaciones derivadas de estos sucesos, han sido objeto de comunicaciones previas por parte de los Procedimiento Especiales, con fecha de 3 de octubre de 2014, véase A/HRC/28/85, caso no. MEX 21/2014; 16 de diciembre de 2014, véase A/HRC/29/50, caso no. MEX 26/2014; y 25 de febrero de 2015, véase A/HRC/29/50, caso no. MEX 1/2015.
Alleged victims: 13
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28 Oct 2015
    09 Jul 2015
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Presunta detención arbitraria y procesamiento penal de un abogado por haber desempeñado sus funciones profesionales. Según la información recibida, el Sr. Tadeo Arrieche Franco es abogado y presta servicios profesionales a varios clientes, uno de los cuales es la empresa ‘Día Día Supermercados’. Al principio del mes de febrero de 2015, esa empresa fue objeto de una serie de fiscalizaciones e inspecciones en sus establecimientos por parte de la Superintendencia Nacional para la Defensa de los Derechos Socioeconómicos, en el contexto de las cuales el Sr. Arrieche representó, como abogado externo, a su cliente. El Sr. Arrieche fue detenido el 8 de febrero de 2015. Fue imputado el 10 de febrero y acusado formalmente el 27 de marzo de 2015 de los delitos de ‘boicot’ y ‘desestabilización de la economía nacional’, previstos en los artículos 60 y 61 de la Ley Orgánica de Precios Justos, en base a las supuestas irregularidades cometidas por la empresa Día Día Supermercados. La audiencia preliminar estaría programada para el 7 de julio de 2015. A la fecha, el Sr. Arrieche se encuentra en detención preventiva en las instalaciones del Helicoide en Caracas. Se expresa seria preocupación por la detención y el procedimiento penal del Sr. Arrieche que parecen estar directamente relacionados con el desempeño de sus funciones profesionales como abogado.
Alleged victims: 1
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29 Sep 2015
29 Dec 2015
    07 Jul 2015
    Thailand
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged threats against and intimidation of a lawyer for discharging her professional functions. According to the information received, Ms. Sirikan ‘June’ Charoensiri, a lawyer who volunteers with the association ‘Thai Lawyers for Human Rights’, is one of the counsels representing 14 students arrested on 26 June 2015 and charged with serious criminal offences before a military court. After the remand hearing of the students ended very early on 27 June, police officers tried to search Ms. Charoensiri’s belongings, as well as her car, without a search warrant, which she opposed. The car was finally searched at approximately 3.30 p.m. after a court order was produced and five mobile phones belonging to her clients were seized. Ms. Charoensiri filed a complaint for abuse of power against the police despite the fact that she was threatened with prosecution when doing so. On 28 June, a police Commissioner allegedly told the press that they were considering prosecuting her over the alleged evidence found in her car. On 29 June, local police officers visited Ms. Charoensiri’s parents and questioned them about her background. Concerns are expressed that the threats and intimidation against Ms. Charoensiri may have a ‘chilling effect’ on the independence of lawyers in Thailand.
Alleged victims: 1
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10 Jul 2015
    06 Jul 2015
    Iraq
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and temporary enforced disappearance of an Iraqi intelligence agent of the federal police in Mosul. According to the information received, on 20 November 2014, Mr. Mohammed Abbas Kadhim al Sudani was arrested at his home in Baghdad by 15 members of the Special Weapons and Tactic force, a force belonging to the Iraqi Special Forces and headed by the Iraqi Counter-Terrorism Service, and detained incommunicado for about six months at the Al Muthanna airport detention centre, where he was allegedly subjected to torture and ill-treatment. His family was unaware of his fate and whereabouts until 4 May 2015, when the authorities informed them of his transfer to Taji Prison. It is alleged that his arrest and detention is directly related to the fact that he had been searching for his brother, Mr. Mustafa al Sudani, whose fate and whereabouts are unknown since 9 June 2014. Mr. Mohammed al Sudani did not have access to a lawyer, was not informed of the charges against him and has not yet been presented before a judge. He remains in detention awaiting his trial.
Alleged victims: 1
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    25 Jun 2015
    Colombia
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • disappearances
Presuntas amenazas y agresiones contra testigos en dos casos de desaparición forzada y una abogada, miembro de una organización de derechos humanos. Según la información recibida, el 17 de mayo, el Sr. Luis Carlos Ramírez, habría sido agredido por dos hombres cuando se dirigía a su trabajo en Bogotá. El 21 de mayo, la Sra. Jacqueline Ramírez, habría recibido una llamada telefónica amenazadora. Previamente, su abogada y miembro de la organización de derechos humanos Fundación Nydia Erika Bautista, la Sra. Andrea Torres Bautista, habría sido amenazada de manera similar. Anteriormente, miembros de la Fundación Nydia Erika Bautista fueron objeto de comunicaciones enviadas el 24 de septiembre y el 21 de octubre de 2014, ver A/HRC/28/85, casos COL 8/2014 y COL 9/2014
Alleged victims: 3
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25 Aug 2015
18 Sep 2015
    24 Jun 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations concerning the arrest, detention, ill-treatment and sentencing of a civil rights activist and a journalist after unfair trials. According to the information received, on 21 October 2014, Ms. Atena Daemi was arrested and detained in Evin Prison. She was reportedly held in solitary confinement for 58 days under degrading conditions, and without access to a lawyer. While in detention, she was subjected to extensive interrogations and ill-treatment. On 12 May 2015, Ms. Daemi was sentenced to 14 years in prison by Branch 28 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran for inter alia “spreading propaganda against the system” and “insulting the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran” based on her criticism on social media of the high number of executions in Iran and other peaceful activities. While in prison, Ms. Daemi has reportedly developed health problems but the authorities have to this date refused to grant her medical leave. On 10 May 2014, Mr. Seraj Mirdamadi was arrested and detained in Evin prison. He was held in solitary confinement for six months. On 27 July 2014, Mr. Mirdamadi was sentenced to six years in prison by Branch 15 of the Tehran Revolutionary Court for “propaganda against the state” and “conspiracy against national security. On 29 October 2014, the Appeal Court reduced his sentence to three years in prison and a two-year travel ban. Despite having had critical health issues, Mr. Mirdamadi did not receive adequate medical treatment for five months before he finally underwent surgery on 28 May 2015.
Alleged victims: 2
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16 Mar 2016
    16 Jun 2015
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégations concernant la détention arbitraire et incommunicado d’un défenseur des droits de l’homme, et les mauvaises conditions de sa détention. Selon les informations reçues, le 15 mars 2015, M. Fred Bauma Winga, un activiste des droits de l’homme engagé dans plusieurs mouvements associatifs, aurait fait partie d’une quarantaine de jeunes activistes et défenseurs des droits de l’homme qui auraient été arrêtés et brutalisés par la police militaire congolaise lors d’une conférence de presse organisée à Kinshasa par le réseau Flimbi. La Flimbi est un réseau d’organisations de jeunes citoyens activistes pour la démocratie. Le Gouvernement congolais aurait qualifié les activistes de «terroristes». M. Bauma Winga serait détenu dans de mauvaises conditions. Au début de sa détention, il aurait été détenu de manière incommunicado, puis aurait été présenté devant le tribunal de paix de Ngaliema et aurait été inculpé pour attentat à la vie du Chef de l’Etat, complot et trahison. M. Bauma Winga se trouve toujours en détention.
Alleged victims: 1
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    12 Jun 2015
    Sudan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • minority issues
  • Sudan
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary detention and criminal charges against two clergymen as well as undue restrictions of religious freedom of the Christian communities in Sudan. According to the information received, on 2 December 2014, 39 Sudan Evangelical Presbyterian Church members who peacefully assembled around the church to defend the property from being confiscated by the authorities were arrested. Reverends Yat Michael Ruot Puk and Peter Yien Reith were arrested separately on 14 December 2014 and 11 January 2015 respectively, and held incommunicado until their transfer to Omdurman Men’s Prison on 1 March 2015. Reportedly, on 4 May 2015, they were both brought to the Khartoum Bahri Criminal Court for hearings. Reverend Michael and Reverend Peter reportedly face six criminal charges, some of which carry the death penalty or life imprisonment. Both clergymen were recently transferred to Kober prison, a high security facility, and have had no access to their families and lawyers since 4 June 2015. Reports also indicate that the religious autonomy of churches, the rights to freedom of expression, religion and of peaceful assembly of the Christian religious minorities have been seriously undermined by ongoing mass expulsions, arrests, detentions of foreign Christians and confiscation or destruction of church properties since the end of 2012.
Alleged victims: 2
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    09 Jun 2015
    Ukraine
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • international order
Alleged adoption by the Parliament of Ukraine of a resolution requesting derogation from certain rights protected by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. According to the information received, the resolution, entitled “On the Approval of the Notification of Ukraine about the Derogation from Certain Obligations Determined by the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights”, mentions derogations of State obligations in relation to the rights to liberty and security, fair trial, effective remedy, respect for private and family life, and freedom of movement, including the right to choose one’s residence. The derogation would reportedly significantly lower the level of human rights protection in certain districts of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions.
Alleged victims: -
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    04 Jun 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention, prolonged solitary confinement and unfair trial of an artist and two journalists. According to the information received, on 26 February 2015, Ms. Atena Farghadani, a graphic arts student who had been detained in Gharchak prison since August 2014, was taken to hospital after suffering a heart attack. After release from hospital, Ms. Farghadani was reportedly taken to Evin prison where she is being held in solitary confinement. On 19 May 2015 her trial commenced on charges of, inter alia, “spreading propaganda against the system”, and “insulting the Supreme Leader”, and on 1 June 2015, she was reportedly sentenced to 12 years and nine months in prison. It is reported that her lawyer was not allowed to review her case file. On 22 July 2014, Mr. Jason Rezaian, an American-Iranian journalist, was arrested together with his wife, Ms. Yeganeh Salehi, also a journalist. Ms. Salehi was released on bail in October 2014. In April 2015, Mr. Rezaian was formally charged with espionage. Mr. Rezaian’s and Ms. Salehi’s trial started on 26 May 2015. During his detention, Mr. Rezaian spent a number of months in solitary confinement, during which he was interrogated repeatedly. Ms. Farghadani and Mr. Rezaian were the subject of two previous communications sent on 6 August 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 16/2014, and on 16 January 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. IRN 1/2015.
Alleged victims: 2
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04 Mar 2016
16 Mar 2016
    03 Jun 2015
    United States of America
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • international order
Alleged arbitrary detention and torture of an Italian citizen of Moroccan origin in the context of the secret detention, rendition and torture programme operated by the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency after 11 September 2001. According to the information received, between March 2002 and April 2011, Mr. Abou Elkassim Britel was secretly detained in Pakistan and Morocco, with the alleged complicity of Italian authorities, as well as alleged involvement, in the form of logistical support to the rendition programme, of Portuguese authorities. During this period, Mr. Britel was subjected to torture and ill-treatment, without access, or with obstructions to access, to his family or lawyers, and was not presented before a court within a reasonable time. Mr. Britel was pardoned and released on 14 April 2011. To date, no investigation has reportedly been initiated into the alleged events and no reparation or adequate psychological and medical rehabilitation has been provided to him and/or his family members. Communications with the same contents are also being addressed to the Governments of Italy, Morocco, Pakistan and Portugal.
Alleged victims: 1
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03 Aug 2015
    03 Jun 2015
    Portugal
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • international order
Alleged arbitrary detention and torture of an Italian citizen of Moroccan origin in the context of the secret detention, rendition and torture programme operated by the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency after 11 September 2001. According to the information received, between March 2002 and April 2011, Mr. Abou Elkassim Britel was secretly detained in Pakistan and Morocco, with the alleged complicity of Italian authorities, as well as alleged involvement, in the form of logistical support to the rendition programme, of Portuguese authorities. During this period, Mr. Britel was subjected to torture and ill-treatment, without access, or with obstructions to access, to his family or lawyers, and was not presented before a court within a reasonable time. Mr. Britel was pardoned and released on 14 April 2011. To date, no investigation has reportedly been initiated into the alleged events and no reparation or adequate psychological and medical rehabilitation has been provided to him and/or his family members. Communications with the same contents are also being addressed to the Governments of Italy, Morocco, Pakistan and the United States of America.
Alleged victims: 1
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05 Aug 2015
    03 Jun 2015
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • international order
Alleged arbitrary detention and torture of an Italian citizen of Moroccan origin in the context of the secret detention, rendition and torture programme operated by the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency after 11 September 2001. According to the information received, between March 2002 and April 2011, Mr. Abou Elkassim Britel was secretly detained in Pakistan and Morocco, with the alleged complicity of Italian authorities, as well as alleged involvement, in the form of logistical support to the rendition programme, of Portuguese authorities. During this period, Mr. Britel was subjected to torture and ill-treatment, without access, or with obstructions to access, to his family or lawyers, and was not presented before a court within a reasonable time. Mr. Britel was pardoned and released on 14 April 2011. To date, no investigation has reportedly been initiated into the alleged events and no reparation or adequate psychological and medical rehabilitation has been provided to him and/or his family members. Communications with the same contents are also being addressed to the Governments of Italy, Morocco, Portugal and the United States of America.
Alleged victims: 1
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09 Jun 2015
    03 Jun 2015
    Morocco
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • international order
Allégations de torture d’un citoyen italien d’origine marocaine, dans le cadre du programme de détention secrète, transfert et torture mis en place par la Central Intelligence Agency des États-Unis après le 11 septembre 2001. Selon les informations reçues, M. Abou Elkassim Britel aurait été maintenu en détention secrète au Pakistan et au Maroc, avec la complicité présumée des autorités italiennes, ainsi que la complicité du Portugal, sous la forme de soutien logistique au programme de transfert, entre mars 2002 et avril 2011. Au cours de cette période, M. Britel a été soumis à de la torture et à des mauvais traitements, sans accès ou avec des obstructions à l’accès, à sa famille ou à des avocats, et n’a pas été présenté devant un tribunal dans un délai raisonnable. À ce jour, il semble qu’aucune enquête n’ait été ouverte en ce qui concerne les faits allégués et aucune réparation ou réhabilitation psychologique au médicale adéquate ne semble avoir été apportée à M. Britel et/ou aux membres de sa famille. Des communications avec le même contenu sont également adressées aux Gouvernements de l’Italie, des États-Unis, du Pakistan et du Portugal.
Alleged victims: 1
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    03 Jun 2015
    Italy
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • international order
Alleged arbitrary detention and torture of an Italian citizen of Moroccan origin in the context of the secret detention, rendition and torture programme operated by the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency after 11 September 2001. According to the information received, between March 2002 and April 2011, Mr. Abou Elkassim Britel was secretly detained in Pakistan and Morocco, with the alleged complicity of the Italian authorities, as well as alleged involvement, in the form of logistical support to the rendition programme, of Portuguese authorities. During this period, Mr. Britel was subjected to torture and ill-treatment, without access, or with obstructions to access, to his family or lawyers, and was not presented before a court within a reasonable time. Mr. Britel was pardoned and released on 14 April 2011. To date, no investigation has reportedly been initiated into the alleged events and no reparation or adequate psychological and medical rehabilitation has been provided to him and/or his family members. Communications with the same contents are also being addressed to the Governments of Morocco, Pakistan, Portugal and the United States of America.
Alleged victims: 1
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05 Aug 2015
    02 Jun 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged imminent execution of two juvenile offenders after trials that did not meet due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, on 18 March 2015, Mr. Saman Naseem, whose death sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court in December 2013 and who was scheduled for execution on 19 February 2015, was transferred from Oroumieh prison to an unknown location. In March 2015, the authorities informed Mr. Naseem’s lawyer that his execution had not been carried out. In 2009, in another case, Mr. Hamid Ahmadi was reportedly sentenced to death. However, the Supreme Court overturned his sentence and sent the case back to the Appeals Court for re-trial. In March 2010, the Appeals Court in Gilan Province re-sentenced Mr. Ahmadi to death, a decision which was upheld by the Supreme Court in November 2010. Mr. Ahmadi’s application for judicial review is currently pending before the Supreme Court. Mr. Naseem was the subject of two previous communications dated 14 October 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 23/2014, and 12 February 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. IRN 3/2015.
Alleged victims: 2
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04 Mar 2016
    29 May 2015
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged imposition of the death sentence against former President of Egypt and 105 other individuals on charges of escaping from prison. According to the information received, on 3 July 2013, Mr. Mohamed Morsi Eissa El Ayyat and his presidential team were arrested and placed in solitary confinement for months. In April 2015, Mr. Morsi was sentenced to 20 years in prison for the alleged arbitrary arrest, torture and use of force against protesters, following a trial that did not comply with international standards of fair trial and due process. On 16 May 2015, in a separate case, Mr. Morsi and 105 other defendants were recommended the death penalty by the Cairo Criminal Court on charges of having escaped from prison in January 2011, following again a trial that did not comply with international standards of fair trial and due process. On 13 November 2013, the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention issued Opinion No. 39/2013 (Egypt) which considered arbitrary the detention of Mr. Morsi and of six former advisors, and asked for their immediate release.
Alleged victims: 1
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30 Jul 2015
    29 May 2015
    China
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary detention and conviction of a former journalist. According to the information received, on 24 April 2014, Ms. Gao Yu, aged 70 and a prominent former journalist, went missing and no information concerning her fate or whereabouts was released until 8 May 2014 when officials confirmed that she had been detained by Beijing Police for “illegally obtaining” a secret document and “leaking State secrets abroad” to editors of a foreign website in August 2013. On 8 May 2014, she allegedly confessed to the charges on State television after the police had threatened to arrest her son. On 17 April 2015, she was convicted and sentenced to seven years in prison by the Beijing Third Intermediate People’s Court. Ms. Gao Yu was the subject of a previous communication sent to on 7 December 2010, see A/HRC/18/51, case no. CHN 29/2010.
Alleged victims: 1
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    29 May 2015
    Azerbaijan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged pre-trial detention, charges and sentencing of human rights defenders as a result of their legitimate human rights work. According to the information received, on 16 April 2015, Nasimi District Court sentenced Mr. Rasul Jafarov, coordinator of Art of Democracy, an artistic campaign promoting human rights and democracy in Azerbaijan, to six and a half years in prison on charges of illegal business. On 22 April 2015, the same Court sentenced Mr. Intigam Aliyev, a human rights lawyer and head of the Legal Education Society, to seven years and six months in prison and a three-year ban from certain positions and activities. Reports indicate that Mr. Aliyev has been denied access to medical treatment while in detention. On 6 March 2015 and again on 14 May 2015, the same Court extended journalist Ms. Khadija Ismail’s pre-trial detention. On 19 August 2014, new charges were brought against Mr. Emin Huseynov, chairman of the Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety, who had been subject of a previous communication sent on 24 June 2008, see A/HRC/10/12/Add.1, case no. AZE 1/2008. Mr. Aliyev was the subject of two previous communications, dated 1 February 2013, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. AZE 2/2013 and 15 August 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. AZE 5/2014. Ms. Ismail was the subject of a previous communication dated 1 February 2013, A/HRC/23/51, case no. AZE 2/2013. Mr. Jafarov was the subject of a previous communication dated 12 August 2014, A/HRC/28/85, case no. AZE 4/2014.
Alleged victims: 4
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11 Sep 2015
    22 May 2015
    Philippines
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary arrest and continued pre-trial detention of a United States citizen in the Philippines. According to the information received, Mr. Scott McMahon has been detained in Muntinlupa City Jail since 7 April 2011 after being arrested following rape charges that are allegedly fraudulent. It is reported that the rape accusations are an attempt to blackmail and retaliate against Mr. McMahon for an unrelated lawsuit. The legal proceedings governing his application for bail have been marred by irregularities that bring into question the competence, independence and impartiality of the court. The prolonged period of pre-trial detention and the bad conditions in prison have adversely affected Mr. McMahon’s health and well-being. He remains in pre-trial detention.
Alleged victims: 1
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    19 May 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and unfair trial of a human rights defender. According to the information received, on 5 May 2015, Ms. Narges Mohammadi, the Deputy Director and Spokeswoman for the Centre for Human Rights Defenders (CHRD) and founder of the civil society group “Step by step to stop the death penalty” (LEGAM), was arrested at her home by intelligence ministry agents that stated that she was being taken into custody in order to serve the remainder of her six-year prison sentence that she received on 22 April 2012. She was provisionally released on 31 July 2012 for medical reasons linked to the medical treatment she received in prison. Two days prior to Ms. Mohammadi’s arrest, she appeared before Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court in Tehran for her first session of trial where she faces new charges, including “propaganda against the state”, “assembly and collusion against the state” and “establishing the anti-security and illegal Step by Step to Stop Death Penalty” group. The defence team was unable to review the case file prior to the trial. Ms. Mohammadi has been the subject of several previous communications sent on 23 June 2010, see A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, paras. 1220 - 1225, 11 October 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. IRN 13/2011, and 27 March 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. IRN 5/2012.
Alleged victims: 1
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16 Mar 2016
    15 May 2015
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Alleged arbitrary arrest, charges, detention, torture and conviction of 39 minors after trials that did not respect international standards of fair trial and due process. According to the information received, since 23 January 2012, 39 minors have been arrested, charged and detained. All detained minors have been subjected to forms of beatings, torture and ill-treatment, including being held in solitary confinement, to force them to sign confessions to crimes. Information received also indicates lack of access to medical care for those injured in detention, as well as denial of appropriate medical care for those with disabilities and particular medical conditions. Most of the minors have been charged with multiple criminal offences and approximately half of them have been convicted, with sentences ranging from 6 months to 43 years imprisonment. 33 of the minors remain in detention to date, either serving their sentence or awaiting trial. Two of the minors were the subject of a previous urgent appeal, dated 14 August 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. BHR 11/2014.
Alleged victims: 39
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13 Jul 2015
    12 May 2015
    Ethiopia
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • health
  • terrorism
Allegations of denial of adequate medical attention to a British human rights defender in the custody of Ethiopian authorities as well as of an arbitrary death sentence pronounced against him. According to the information received, Mr. Andargachew Tsege, who was the subject of forced rendition from Yemen to Ethiopia on 23 June 2014, is being held in incommunicado and prolonged solitary confinement in Ethiopia. The British Ambassador to Ethiopia has, on three occasions, been granted brief access to Mr. Tsege; all three visits have been in the presence of security staff and in a location separate from where Mr. Tsege is being detained. Mr. Tsege’s mental and physical health is reportedly deteriorating rapidly, however he has not had access to a doctor. Grave concern is expressed at the allegedly arbitrary death sentence pronounced against Mr. Tsege and his potential execution; at the deteriorating mental and physical health of Mr. Tsege; and at his incommunicado and prolonged solitary detention, and at the alleged denial of access to adequate medical care and lawyer. Mr. Tsege was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 27 February 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. ETH 1/2015.
Alleged victims: 1
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    07 May 2015
    Eswatini
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest and continued pre-trial detention of, as well as charges of sedition and terrorism brought against, two political activists for exercising their right to freedom of opinion, expression, association and peaceful assembly. According to the information received, Mr. Mario Masuku, the president of the political party ‘the People’s United Democratic Movement’ (PUDEMO), and Mr. Maxwell Dlamini, the secretary general of the party’s youth wing, the Swaziland Youth Congress (SWAYOCO), were arrested on 1 May 2014 following a peaceful political rally on charges of sedition and terrorism for making critical statements of the government and judiciary of Swaziland. The legal proceedings governing their applications for bail have been marred by irregularities that bring into question the independence and impartiality of the court. The prolonged period of pre-trial detention has adversely affected Mr. Masuku and Mr. Dlamini’s health and well-being. Both men are still held in pre-trial detention and an appeal hearing to review the denial of bail originally scheduled in May 2015 was reportedly postponed indefinitely.
Alleged victims: 2
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    30 Apr 2015
    Israel
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • housing
Alleged imminent forced eviction of a Palestinian family of eight, including two children, from their home in the Old City, East Jerusalem. According to the information received, on 14 September 2014, an eviction order was issued by an Israeli Magistrate Court against the Ghaith-Sub Laban family following a petition by a Trust, related to a number of Israeli settler organizations, claiming that the family had abandoned their home and thus lost their protected tenant status. Reportedly, no opportunity was given to refute this claim in the issuing Court and testimonies were only heard from settlers. Allegedly, the magistrate that presided over this case is a settler herself, calling into question her impartiality. Twice, on 9 February 2015 and 16 March 2015, attempts were made to evict the family, despite the fact that an appeal to the eviction order is pending. Concerns are raised that the forced eviction would violate the right to adequate housing, rights of due process and procedural fairness, and provisions under international humanitarian law.
Alleged victims: -
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18 Jan 2016
    17 Apr 2015
    United States of America
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
Alleged denial of the right to know the truth to the relatives of the victims killed in the terrorist attacks on the island of Bali on 12 October 2002. According to the information received, the prolonged detention in Guantanamo Bay of an Indonesian national who is believed to be the operations chief of the South East Asian Islamic militant group Jemaah Islamiah, reportedly involved in the planning of the so-called Bali bombings, results in the impossibility to obtain justice for Ms. Susanna Miller, Mr. Matthew Arnold, and Mrs. Maggie Stephens, who all lost a close family member in the bombings. A copy of this communication was addressed to the Government of Indonesia for information.
Alleged victims: 4
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17 Aug 2015
    17 Apr 2015
    Belarus
    JUA
  • executions
  • Belarus
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Allegations of death threats made against a human rights lawyer and activist, as well as his family, for his legitimate and peaceful human rights work. According to the information received, in February 2015, Mr. Leanid Sudalenka, the chairperson of the Homiel city branch of the civil society association ‘Legal Initiative’, and his family started to receive death threats in relation to his human rights work, in particular legal work. Following these threats, Mr. Sudalenka filed several requests with the Homiel Regional Police Department for a criminal investigation. His repeated requests have however been denied. On 7 April 2015, Mr. Sudalenka’s offices at Legal Initiative as well as his home residence were raided by the police. Concern is expressed for the physical and psychological security and integrity of Mr. Sudalenka and his family. Grave concern is expressed at allegations that the death threats against his family, as well as the police raids, are linked to his legitimate and peaceful human rights work, in particular his legal work. Mr. Sudalenka was the subject of a previous communication sent on 25 February 2011, see A/HRC/18/51, case no. BLR 2/2011.
Alleged victims: 1
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12 Jun 2015
    13 Apr 2015
    Egypt
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of charges brought against a women human rights defender for testifying on the violent dispersal by police officers of a peaceful protest and the death of a female activist. According to the information received, on 24 January 2015, Ms. Azza Soliman, President of the Board of Trustees of the Centre for Egyptian Women’s Legal Assistance (CEWLA), witnessed the violent dispersal of a peaceful protest in Cairo - in which she did not take part - including the shooting of activist Ms. Shaimaa al-Sabbagh. After learning that Ms. Al-Sabbagh had died from her injuries, Ms. Soliman voluntarily went to the Prosecution’s Office to give testimony of the events and file a complaint against the involved security forces. After testifying, Ms. Soliman was however informed by the Prosecutor that she was being accused of breaching Law 107 of 2013 on the Right to Public Meetings, Processions and Peaceful Demonstration. On 23 March 2015, official charges were brought against Ms. Soliman for “illegal gathering” and “participating in an unauthorized protest that harmed public security” under Law 107. The scheduled first hearing before the Abdeen Misdemeanor Court of 4 April 2015 was postponed to 9 May 2015. Law 107 of 2013 was the subject of two previous communications sent on 12 February 2013, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. EGY 4/2013, and on 20 March 2013, see A/HRC/24/21, case no. EGY 5/2013. Ms. Al-Sabbagh was the subject of a previous communication sent on 30 January 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. EGY 2/2015.
Alleged victims: 2
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28 Jul 2015
    10 Apr 2015
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged risk of imminent execution of six individuals following unfair trials in Egypt. According to the information received, on 21 October 2014, Messrs. Mohamed Ali Afifi Badawi (aged 33), Mohammad Bakri Mohammad Haroun (aged 31), Hani Mustafa Amin Amer (aged 33), Islam Sayed Ahmed Ibrahim (aged 26), Khaled Farag Mohammed Ali (aged 27) and Mr. X (aged 19) were sentenced to death by the Supreme Military Court in Egypt for their alleged involvement in the “Arab Sharkas Cell” case. The sentences were reportedly pronounced following legal procedures marred with irregularities. Confessions were allegedly extracted under torture. Except for Mr. X, who is considered a child under Egyptian law, none of the defendants were able to appeal the decision of the Supreme Military Court. On 24 March 2015, Mr. X’ appeal was however rejected by the Court of Appeals, allowing for the sentence to be carried out at any time.
Alleged victims: 6
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07 May 2015
    09 Apr 2015
    Zambia
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary arrest and prosecution of two men on the sole basis of their sexual orientation, as well as alleged unfair trial. According to the information received, Mr. X and Mr. Y were arrested by the police on 6 March 2014 and accused of offences ‘against the order of nature’ under sections 155(a) and 155(c) of the Penal Code. They were released on bail pending trial. Forensic tests, consisting of the measurement of the anal orifice and inspection of the private parts, were performed on both men without their consent and allegedly corroborated the existence of homosexual intercourse. Mr. X and Mr. Y were not provided with legal representation during the trial. If convicted, both men face a sentence of 15 years minimum to life in prison. A verdict is expected on 10 April 2015.
Alleged victims: 2
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    07 Apr 2015
    Guinea
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Allégations d’agression présumée, coups, insultes et menaces d’un défenseur des droits de l’homme en Guinée. Selon les informations reçues, le 9 février 2015, M. X a été agressé, battu, insulté et menacé par la garde présidentielle. M. X aurait été victime de plusieurs attaques similaires dans le cadre de ses activités consistant à fournir une assistance juridique aux victimes d’arrestations arbitraires et d’autres violations des droits de l’homme. Le 10 février 2015, M. X a déposé une plainte devant la Cour de première instance de Conakry II (Kaloum). Il est signalé que rien n’a été fait jusqu’à présent par les autorités pour enquêter sur les événements décrits ci-dessus et pour poursuivre et punir les auteurs.
Alleged victims: 1
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    02 Apr 2015
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and conviction of a blogger and human rights defender in reprisal of his cooperation with the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers and his peaceful exercise of the right to freedom of opinion and expression. According to the information received, Mr. Osama al-Najjar was arrested without a warrant on 17 March 2014, interrogated and tortured for about four days in a State Security secret detention centre. He had been actively defending his father, who is currently serving an 11-year prison sentence for his peaceful activities, on Twitter and on his blog. During the four-day interrogation, Mr. Al-Najjar was in particular questioned about his meeting with the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers during her official country visit in 2014. On 21 March 2014, Mr. Al-Najjar was transferred to Al-Wathba prison and held in pre-trial detention for over six months without having access to a lawyer. His trial started on 23 September 2014 before the Federal Supreme Court. Despite serious allegations of violations of fundamental due process and fair trial guarantees, on 25 November 2014, Mr. Al-Najjar was sentenced to three years in prison. Mr. Al-Najjar was the subject of a previous communication sent on 16 April 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. ARE 3/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
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30 Apr 2015
    27 Mar 2015
    Qatar
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged torture and/or ill-treatment, and unfair trial of a Filipino national in Qatar. According to the information received, Mr. Ronaldo Lopez Ulep, a Filipino national and civilian employee of Qatar’s Air Force, was arrested in Doha on 7 April 2010. During his pre-trial detention, Mr. Lopez Ulep was reportedly subjected to physical and psychological torture and other ill-treatment. He was made to sign a document in Arabic, a language he does not understand, which was later presented in court as a confession of guilt. Mr. Lopez Ulep was also held in solitary confinement for over four years. On 30 April 2014, he was sentenced to life in prison on charges of espionage by the first instance criminal court. The appeal hearings, which started in May 2014, have been conducted in Arabic without the provision of interpretation. Mr. Lopez Ulep is currently detained in Doha’s Central Prison. Serious concern is expressed concerning Mr. Lopez Ulep’s physical and mental integrity.
Alleged victims: 1
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25 Sep 2015
    25 Mar 2015
    Eswatini
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary detention, conviction and solitary confinement of a human rights lawyer for exercising his legitimate right to freedom of opinion and expression. According to the information received, after he was arrested on 17 March 2014 and denied bail, Mr. Thulani Maseko, a prominent human rights lawyer, was convicted on 17 July 2014 and sentenced on 25 July 2014 to two years of imprisonment on charges of contempt of court for writing and publishing an article critical of a judge’s handling of a criminal case. Since 19 March 2015, Mr. Maseko has reportedly been kept in solitary confinement in retaliation for his publication of a letter marking the one year anniversary of his detention. Serious concerns are expressed about his physical and mental integrity. Mr. Maseko was the subject of two previous communications; sent on 12 June 2009, see A/HRC/13/22/Add.1, para. 2134-2138, and on 2 April 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. SWZ 1/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
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    13 Mar 2015
    Mexico
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
Presunta detención arbitraria, malos tratos y situación de riesgo en detención debido a falta de tratamiento médico adecuado de una defensora de derechos humanos y líder de una comunidad indígena en el estado de Nayarit. De acuerdo con la información recibida, el día 21 de agosto de 2013 la Sra. Nestora Salgado García, dirigente de la comunidad indígena y coordinadora de la Policía Comunitaria en Olinalá, fue detenida y trasladada al Centro Federal de detención de Mujeres ‘Noroeste’, la cárcel de máxima seguridad de Nayarit. Posteriormente, la Sra. Salgado fue acusada del secuestro del representante legal municipal y los adolescentes. Se alega que hubo una supuesta falta de garantías del debido proceso, así como malos tratos a la detenida. Sra. Salgado está en riesgo ya que no está recibiendo el tratamiento médico adecuado. Se expresa preocupación por la presunta detención arbitraria, el arresto y la detención continuada de Sra. Salgado.
Alleged victims: 1
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15 May 2015
15 May 2015
15 May 2015
    27 Feb 2015
    Ethiopia
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • health
  • terrorism
Allegations of arbitrary arrest, forced transfer, incommunicado detention and solitary confinement, torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment of a British human rights defender by Ethiopian authorities. According to the information received, Mr. Andargachew Tsege has been detained without charges or trial in an unknown location in Ethiopia since 23 June 2014, when he was abducted and forcibly transferred from Yemen to Ethiopia by unidentified Yemeni agents acting under the orders of Ethiopian authorities. Since his abduction, he has allegedly been held incommunicado, in 24-hour solitary confinement, and denied access to independent medical examination, a lawyer, his family, and unfettered access to United Kingdom Ambassadors. Mr. Tsege has on several occasions been tried; in 2009 this resulted in a death sentence and in 2012, a sentence of life imprisonment. Allegedly, he has not had access to a lawyer since 23 June 2014. Concern is expressed, among others, at allegations that Mr. Tsege was ill-treated in custody at the time of his first arrest in 2005, and that he has since been continuously harassed and persecuted on account of his legitimate political opposition and human rights activities. Grave concern is expressed that the death sentence pronounced against Mr. Tsege and its execution may be arbitrary.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    25 Feb 2015
    Mexico
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • disappearances
Presuntos actos de detención arbitraria, tortura y restricción del derecho a la defensa de un hombre que, según la Procuraduría General de la República, habría estado involucrado en la desaparición y la supuesta ejecución de 43 estudiantes. Según la información recibida, el Sr. Sidronio Casarrubias Salgado habría sido detenido con violencia el día 15 de octubre de 2014, en Toluca, Estado de México, por la Policía Federal Ministerial. El Sr. Casarrubias Salgado habría sido torturado durante varios días, con el objeto de que firmara una declaración ministerial fabricada. El Juzgado II de Distrito con sede en Toluca, habría comunicado al Ministerio Público los supuestos actos de tortura en agravio del Sr. Casarrubias Salgado el día 23 de octubre de 2014, con el fin de que se llevara a cabo una investigación por parte de la Procuraduría General de la República. Se expresa preocupación por las alegaciones de tortura con el presunto objetivo de extraer confesiones, entre otros.
Alleged victims: 1
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29 Apr 2015
    25 Feb 2015
    Kyrgyzstan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of four individuals, as well as torture and ill-treatment of three of these individuals by police officers in relation to criminal investigations. According to the information received, on 11 August 2014, Mr. Evgenii Kushtavkin, his spouse, Ms. Tatiana Timchuk, and her brothers, Mr. Alexander Shushlebin and Mr. Evgenii Shushlebin, were arrested at their permanent residence in Bishkek by police officers and taken to the Main Internal Affairs Directorate of Bishkek City. No arrest warrants were presented. During their detention, Mr. Kushtavkin, Ms. Timchuk and Mr. Alexander Shushlebin were subjected to torture and ill-treatment. On 12 August 2014, after 20 hours of detention, Ms. Timchuk and Mr. Evgenii Shushlebin were released without any charges being brought against them. At the time of the communication Mr. Evgenii Kushtavkin remained in detention. Concern is expressed regarding the alleged arbitrary arrest, trial and continued detention of Mr. Evgenii Kushtavkin. Further concern is expressed about the physical and mental integrity of Mr. Evgenii Kushtavkin, Ms. Tatiana Timchuk and Mr. Alexander Shushlebin, who were allegedly subjected to torture and ill treatment.
Alleged victims: 4
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08 Jul 2015
    25 Feb 2015
    Kuwait
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations concerning charges brought against and sentencing of two human rights defenders in Kuwait. According to the information received, on 28 January 2015, Mr. Mohammed al-Ajmi, a blogger and member of the National Committee for Monitoring Violations, was arrested by State security officers in connection with comments he had posted on his Twitter page, which allegedly referred to the death of King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia. Mr. Al-Ajmi has been charged under article 4 of the External State Security Act, which, in case of guilt, carries a punishment of not less than three years to life imprisonment. Mr. Al-Ajmi was released on 2 February 2015 pending trial. On 29 January 2015, the Criminal Court sentenced Mr. Abdulhakim al-Fadhli, a human rights defender advocating for the rights of the Bedoon community of stateless persons in Kuwait, to one year in prison with hard labour on charges of “inciting Bedoons in Kuwait to protest and cause chaos” after he participated in a peaceful demonstration in July 2014. The Court also issued a deportation order that will come into effect at the end of his prison sentence. Mr. Al-Fadhli has not yet been detained; however, his sentence may be executed at any time. Mr. Al-Fadhli was the subject of a previous communication dated 31 July 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. KWT 2/2014.
Alleged victims: 2
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03 Mar 2015
09 Apr 2015
    20 Feb 2015
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
Alleged arbitrary arrest, incommunicado detention and enforced disappearance of three women, which may be related to their activities on the internet in defence of their brother in prison after an unfair trial. According to the information received, on 15 February 2015, Ms. Asma Khalifa al-Suwaidi, Ms. Meriem Khalifa al-Suwaidi and Ms. AlYazyeh Khalifa al-Suwaidi, who are sisters, went to the State Security premises in Abu Dhabi, the first in the morning and the two others in the afternoon, after they had been summoned. The three sisters have not been seen since and their family is allegedly unaware of their fate or whereabouts. The sisters had been active online, defending their brother Dr. Issa Khalifa al-Suwaidi who was sentenced to 10 years in prison after an alleged unfair trial often referred to as the “UAE 94 trial”. Serious concern is expressed regarding the fate and whereabouts of the three sisters, as well as about their physical and psychological integrity. Dr. Issa Khalifa al-Suwaidi was the subject of two previous communications sent on 7 November 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. ARE 7/2012, and 16 April 2013, see A/HRC/24/21, case no. ARE 1/2013, as well as an Opinion of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, sent on 9 September 2013, see A/HRC/WGAD/2013/60.
Alleged victims: 4
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03 Mar 2015
    20 Feb 2015
    Argentina
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alegaciones relativas a interferencias en torno a la investigación de la muerte de un fiscal; a intentos de cercenamiento del ejercicio de los derechos a la libertad de expresión y de reunión pacifica de fiscales y jueces; y a amenazas de muerte y represalias en contra de un Juez. Según la información recibida, el Fiscal General Natalio Alberto Nisman habría sido encontrado muerto el 18 de enero de 2015. El Fiscal Nisman estaba a cargo de la investigación del atentado perpetrado contra la sede de la Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA), ocurrido el 18 de julio de 1994, y habría formulado una denuncia contra autoridades del gobierno nacional por delito de encubrimiento. Se reportan interferencias en torno a la investigación de la muerte del Fiscal Nisman. Se reportan también expresiones descalificantes e intimidatorias en contra de jueces y fiscales interesados en asistir a una marcha pacífica en memoria del Fiscal Nisman, el 18 de febrero de 2015. Finalmente, el Juez Claudio Bonadío, a cargo de investigaciones por actos de corrupción de altos funcionarios del gobierno nacional, habría recibido amenazas de muerte y represalias, así como también su hijo. Se expresa seria preocupación por las alegaciones expuestas que se inscriben en un clima extremadamente tenso en cuanto a la independencia del Poder Judicial.
Alleged victims: 1
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30 Apr 2015
11 May 2015
    17 Feb 2015
    Tajikistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged arbitrary detention, prosecution and sentencing of a human rights lawyer. According to the information received, on 21 July 2014, Mr. Shukhrat Kudratov, a human rights lawyer, working at the news agency Asia-Plus, and serving as Deputy Director of the opposition Social-Democratic Party in Tajikistan, was arrested, detained and charged with three criminal offences. On 13 January 2015, Mr. Kudratov was convicted of fraud and bribery, and sentenced to nine years in a penal colony by the Dushanbe City Court. Reportedly, he was detained for his human rights and legal work, including the legal representation of a former Government Minister and issuance of a public letter highlighting human rights violations in the former Minister’s case and denouncing the persecution of the Minister’s legal representatives. Mr. Shukhrat Kudratov was the subject of a previous communication sent on 3 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. TJK 5/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
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02 Apr 2015
    17 Feb 2015
    Serbia
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of a Serbian national. According to the information received, Mr. Djuro Kljaic was convicted and sentenced to ten years imprisonment by a court in the Republic of Srpska Krajina (now part of Croatia) in January 1996. Following the reintegration of the Republic of Srpska Krajina into Croatia in 1996, Mr. Kljaic was transferred to a prison in Serbia. The Republic of Srpska Krajina was never recognized as an independent State by any country, and judgments passed in the Republic were never recognized as having legal validity by Croatia or Serbia. Moreover, in Serbia a person can only be imprisoned after the judgment of a Serbian court or the judgment of a Serbian court confirming a foreign court judgment, therefore it seems there is no legal ground for Mr. Kljaic’s detention. In January 2000, Mr. Kljaic was released on ‘vacation’ and did not return. He continued living in Serbia and did not hide. He was only rearrested in November 2011, after the time limit of ten years set by Serbian law to execute a sentence had passed. Mr. Kljaic remains in detention.
Alleged victims: 1
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    17 Feb 2015
    Algeria
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Allégations concernant des menaces, le harcèlement et un procès infondé et non-équitable contre une avocate suite à l’exercice de ses fonctions professionnelles. Selon les informations reçues, en avril 2008, l’avocate Mme Drifa Ould Lahoucine a représenté une cliente qui avait dénoncé les agissements d’un greffier dans une procédure pénale. Le greffier a été condamné à une peine de prison de quatre ans. Suite à la libération anticipée du greffier en juillet 2009, ce dernier aurait déclaré qu’il se vengerait de Mme Lahoucine. A partir de ce moment, Mme Lahoucine a été victime de menaces et harcèlement qu’elle a dénoncés sans que les autorités ne prennent de mesures. De plus, Mme Lahoucine a fait l’objet d’une procédure pénale liée à des accusations infondées de traite de personne. En novembre 2011, elle a été acquittée de ces accusations par le tribunal criminel d’Annaba. En novembre 2014, Mme Lahoucine a appris que la décision d’acquittement du tribunal d’Annaba avait été cassée par la chambre criminelle de la Cour suprême en date du 16 octobre 2014. Elle n’avait pas été avisée de ce pourvoi en cassation et n’a pas non plus été invitée à déposer un mémoire de défense.
Alleged victims: 1
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    12 Feb 2015
    Republic of Korea
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged disciplinary proceedings against two human rights lawyers for discharging their professional functions. According to the information received, from 2012 to 2014, Mr. Kyeong-wook Jang acted as the legal representative of a North Korean defector and Ms. In-sook Kim as the legal representative of a person accused of assault against the police during a protest. Both legal representatives work for MINBYUN – Lawyers for a Democratic Society (MINBYUN), a non-governmental organization that aims to contribute to the protection of human rights and development of democracy in the Republic of Korea through the provision of pro bono legal representation, in particular to human rights defenders, research and investigation. Reportedly, as a result of their roles as legal representatives in the above-mentioned cases, disciplinary proceedings have been initiated against them by the Chief Prosecutor of the Seoul Central District Prosecutor’s Office.
Alleged victims: 2
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09 Sep 2015
    11 Feb 2015
    Tajikistan
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged threat to the independence of the legal profession. According to the information received, a draft law on Advocacy and the Bar has passed the Lower House of Parliament in Tajikistan. The draft law establishes a Qualification Commission as the body responsible for regulating entry into the legal profession, disbarment, and issuing licenses to practice law. The draft law provides that the Qualification Commission would operate under the purview of the Ministry of Justice, leaving lawyers vulnerable to interference from the Executive Branch of Government. The draft law on Advocacy and the Bar was the subject of a previous communication sent on 27 February 2014, see A/HRC/26/21, case no. TJK 2/2014.
Alleged victims: -
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16 Apr 2015
19 Apr 2016
    27 Jan 2015
    Israel
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest and risk of imminent arbitrary detention of a human rights defender. According to the information received, on 13 May 2012, Mr. Abdallah Abu Rahma took part in a peaceful protest in front of the Israeli “Ofer” prison, in the occupied West Bank, in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners held by Israel and in commemoration of what Palestinians call ‘Nakba Day’. During the protest, Mr. Abu Rahma was arrested after having stood in front of bulldozers in an attempt to prevent Israeli security forces from setting up road blocks. He was released on bail after a few hours. In February 2013, Mr. Abu Rahma was summoned to appear before an Israeli military court. On 21 October 2014, more than two years after the alleged incident, he was convicted for ‘disturbing a soldier on duty’. The sentencing of Mr. Abu Rahma is expected to take place on 8 February 2015. Mr. Abu Rahma was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 8 November 2010, see A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, paras. 1331 – 1347.
Alleged victims: 1
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10 Mar 2015
29 Mar 2017
    27 Jan 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention of a woman human rights defender and member of the Council for Defence of Educational Rights in Iran. According to the information received, on 24 October 2014, Ms. Mehdieh Golrou was arrested after her participation in a peaceful protest on 22 October 2014 to denounce a series of acid attacks against women in Ispahan. She was taken to Evin Prison, where she was held in solitary confinement for 60 days, before being moved to another cell. While Ms. Golrou is yet to be charged, her case has been referred to Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran. Although she is allowed family visits, which are always attended by interrogators, Ms. Golrou has not been allowed to consult with the defence lawyer appointed by her family.
Alleged victims: 1
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    16 Jan 2015
    Turkey
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of high ranking media personnel, directors and producers of popular television programs and police officers. According to the information received, on 14 December 2014, 31 individuals with ties to the Gülen opposition movement, including Mr. Ekrem Dumanli and Mr. Hidayet Karaca, were arrested and detained across Turkey. Mr. Dumanli, the Editor-in-Chief of the newspaper Zaman, was held for 72 hours in solitary confinement before being questioned for seven hours on 17 December 2014. He has since been released. Mr. Karaca, the Chief Executive of Samanyolu television, was allegedly held in solitary confinement for 72 hours before also being questioned for seven hours. He has been charged under the anti-terror laws with forming and leading an armed terrorist organisation and remains in detention. Lawyers for Mr. Dumanli and Mr. Karaca have reportedly been prevented from examining the investigation file, contacting their clients and speaking with the prosecutors.
Alleged victims: 2
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19 Feb 2015
    16 Jan 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of an Iranian woman for a drawing she created protesting the banning of vasectomies and family planning. According to the information received, on 10 January 2015, Ms. Atena Farghdani, a graphic arts student, was summoned to Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court, where she was arrested and subsequently beaten in front of her parents. Upon Ms. Farghdani’s protest, she was taken to a court room, where she was insulted and beaten again, this time allegedly in front of a judge. She was then taken to Varamin prison, where she is currently being held. She has been accused of propaganda against the system; acts against national security; and insulting Members of Parliament. These accusations reportedly stem from a drawing she created, protesting the banning of vasectomies and family planning. Concern is expressed at the arrest and detention of Ms. Farghdani, and the physical abuse which occurred inside a courtroom in the presence of authorities.
Alleged victims: 1
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16 Mar 2016
    16 Jan 2015
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged imminent execution of nine prisoners on death row in Indonesia. According to the information received, the Attorney General has recently announced that the Government is scheduled to execute nine individuals currently on death row. The Government has released the names of those who are thought to be listed for execution, namely Mr. Denis Namaona, Mr. Marco Archer Cardoso Moreira, Ms. Rani Andriani, Mr. Daniel Enemuo Namaona Denis, Ms. Tran Thi Bich Hanh, Mr. Ang Kim Soei, Mr. Gunawan Santoso, Mr. Tan Joni, Mr. Agus Hadi and Mr. Pujo Lestari. Seven of these individuals have been convicted of drug-related crimes and two others for murder. It is reported that some of the prisoners scheduled for execution have not exhausted all of their appeal rights and that in at least two cases, the death penalty has been upheld following judicial procedures that may not have fulfilled the most stringent guarantees of fair trial and due process.
Alleged victims: 10
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    16 Jan 2015
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and prosecution of the Secretary-General of the main opposition political party in Bahrain. According to the information received, Sheikh Ali al-Salman, a key religious figure in Bahrain, was re-elected as Secretary-General of “Al-Wefaq National Islamic Society” on 26 December 2014. The following day, he received a summons requesting to present himself to the Criminal Investigation Directorate of the Ministry of Interior of Bahrain on 28 December 2014. Upon presenting himself, Sheikh Al-Salman was arrested and detained by security forces of the Ministry of Interior on the instructions of the Public Prosecution. He was held at the Criminal Investigation Directorate for the first night of his detention and subsequently transferred to the East Riffa Police Station, where he reportedly remains detained. On 5 January 2015, he was formally charged with, amongst others, inciting a change of regime by non-peaceful means and insulting the Ministry of Interior. Sheikh Al-Salman’s arrest was subsequently extended for an additional period of 15 days. The first of the grievances for release of Sheikh Al-Salman pending trial submitted to the Chief General Attorney within the Public Prosecution was rejected without any reasons being given; the second is pending decision.
Alleged victims: 1
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12 Feb 2015
    13 Jan 2015
    Honduras
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • violence against women
Alegaciones de amenazas y represalias en contra de operadores de justicia por los asesinatos de dos fiscales y de una defensora pública. Según la información recibida, el 10 de octubre de 2014, fueron asesinadas en la ciudad de San Pedro Sula, la Sra. X y la Sra. Y, fiscales que fueron interceptadas por dos camionetas de las cuales se bajaron desconocidos y les dispararon. El 23 de octubre de 2014, la Sra. Z, defensora pública, fue asesinada en la ciudad de Catacamas. Se expresa seria preocupación en relación con la situación de inseguridad de las y los operadores de justicia en Honduras y las amenazas y ataques de los que con frecuencia son víctimas. Además se expresa seria preocupación en relación con las amenazas de las que han sido objeto los familiares de las víctimas.
Alleged victims: 3
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27 Mar 2015
    08 Jan 2015
    Philippines
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Allegations concerning the disbarment procedure pending against a human rights lawyer in the Philippines. According to the information received, on 22 October 2014, Mr. Harry Roque, legal representative of the family of a transgender woman who was allegedly killed by a U.S. marine, and his clients visited the Mutual Defence Board-Security Engagement Board inside Camp Anguinaldo, the military headquarters of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. At the compound Mr. Roque’s clients climbed over the fence into a restricted area where they thought the U.S. marine was being held, shoving the military police who were trying to prevent their entry. On 4 November 2014, the Armed Forces of the Philippines filed a complaint calling for the disbarment of Mr. Roque, accusing him of having encouraged his clients to enter the restricted area of the military compound. Mr. Roque denies this claim. Serious concern is expressed about the disbarment procedure currently pending against Mr. Roque which appears to result from his legitimate exercise of his professional functions as a lawyer.
Alleged victims: 1
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15 Apr 2015
    08 Jan 2015
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and public stigmatization of 26 men who were tried on charges related to their alleged sexual orientation. According to the information received, on 7 December 2014, the police conducted a raid in a public bath in Cairo and arrested at least 26 individuals on the basis of their alleged sexual orientation. It is reported that the police provided information to a journalist and a camera crew, and facilitated the filming and photographing of the arrest. Later on, the journalist posted photos, images and statements that could lead to the violation of the right to privacy and fair trial, including the presumption of innocence of those arrested, and to non-evidence based representation of the reality and epidemiology of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. There are concerns that the men arrested were subject to forensic anal examinations to “prove” the charges against them, which could amount to torture or ill-treatment.
Alleged victims: 9
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20 Feb 2015
    08 Jan 2015
    Cameroon
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégations concernant les risques de violations du droit à la liberté et à la sécurité de sa personne, du droit à la liberté d’expression, à la liberté de réunion pacifique et du droit à un procès équitable. Selon les informations reçues, la loi No. 962/PJL/AN « portant répression des actes de terrorisme » a été adoptée par l’Assemblée nationale de la République du Cameroun le 4 décembre 2014 et par le Sénat le 7 décembre 2014 et attend d’être promulguée par le Président de la République de façon imminente. De graves préoccupations sont exprimées concernant la compatibilité de certaines provisions avec les normes internationales des droits de l’homme, particulièrement le droit à la vie, le droit à la liberté et à la sécurité de sa personne, le droit à la liberté d’expression, le droit à la liberté de réunion pacifique, ainsi que le droit à un procès équitable.
Alleged victims: -
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    05 Jan 2015
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Presunta detención arbitraria y denegación de asistencia médica al Sr. Marcelo Crovato, quien se encuentra detenido en la prisión Yare III ubicada en el Estado Miranda. Según las informaciones recibidas, el Sr. Crovato fue detenido el 22 de abril de 2014 mientras prestaba asistencia a un grupo de manifestantes por encargo de una organización no gubernamental de derechos humanos, el Foro Penal Venezolano. El Sr. Crovato sufre de cáncer de piel y lesiones graves en la columna vertebral, que de no ser tratadas oportunamente, pueden dejarle paralítico. Padece también de un cuadro agudo de depresión. El 19 de diciembre de 2014 intentó quitarse la vida en la prisión. Se considera que su detención es producto de su trabajo en favor de la libertad de reunión pacífica. Las autoridades no han dado respuesta a un recurso de amparo constitucional en favor del Sr. Crovato. Se expresa temor por su vida y su integridad física y psíquica, así como por su detención presuntamente arbitraria y por las dilaciones indebidas en su proceso judicial.
Alleged victims: 1
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05 Mar 2015
    23 Dec 2014
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary detention, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment of four persons by police officers of the Faisalabad District, in Pakistan. According to the information received, in the period between May 2006 and December 2011, Messrs. W, X, Y, and Z were arbitrarily detained and subjected to torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment by police officers of the Faisalabad District. These violations allegedly form part of a systematic and ongoing pattern of brutality and torture by the Faisalabad police. While information from the Faisalabad District Standing Medical Board, established by the Government to conduct medical examinations in response to allegations of torture, support these allegations, these abuses continue to be marked by a high degree of impunity.
Alleged victims: 4
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    23 Dec 2014
    Malaysia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations related to the Sedition Act of 1948 and restrictions to the right to freedom of opinion and expression. According to the information received, on the basis of the Sedition Act of 1948 (the Act), law enforcement institutions enjoy unfettered discretion to arrest and charge individuals who are merely exercising their right to freedom of opinion and expression, as set forth in article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Reportedly, the Prime Minister of Malaysia made a statement on 27 November 2014 expressing the Government’s intention not only to retain, but also to strengthen, the Act. It is also reported that since Special Rapporteurs’ last communicated with the Government on the issue, there have been new cases of persons detained and charged under the Act for acts related to the legitimate exercise of their rights to freedom of opinion and expression. This communication is sent in follow-up to the response received from the Government of Malaysia to the press release issued on 8 October 2014, following the communication sent on 1 October 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. MYS 6/2014.
Alleged victims: -
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15 Mar 2016
    23 Dec 2014
    Gambia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention of three individuals as a direct result of their peaceful and legitimate activities advocating for human rights in the Gambia. On 5 November 2014, Mr. Sait Matty Jaw, a Gambian national, Mr. Seth Yaw Kandeh, a Ghanaian national, and Mr. Olufemi Ernle Titus, a Nigerian national, were allegedly arbitrarily arrested and detained at the Gambian National Intelligence Agency Headquarters as a result of their involvement with a Gallup poll designed to collect data on political governance and alleged corruption in the Gambia. On 10 December 2014, the three men appeared before the Banjul Magistrates’ Court. They were officially charged with conspiracy to commit misdemeanour, failure to register a business, and two counts of disobedience of statutory duty in relation to preliminary work being done for the Gallup poll. All defendants pleaded not guilty as charged. The three men were remanded to Mile II Prison pending trial, scheduled for 23 December 2014.
Alleged victims: 3
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    23 Dec 2014
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of violation of the rights to life and security of person, freedom of expression, and freedom of association of 188 persons, as well as allegations of torture of two of them. According to the information received, on 2 December 2014, an Egyptian court recommended death sentences for 188 people on charges related to an attack on the Kerdassa police station in the Giza Governorate. These sentences were reportedly recommended following proceedings that did not meet minimum guarantees of fair trial and due process. The case files have been transferred to the Grand Mufti of the Republic for a non-binding opinion. The sentencing is scheduled to take place on 24 January 2015. Concerns are expressed about the repeated imposition of the death penalty following mass trials that contradict international standards relating to fair trial and due process, including the absence of thorough investigations, in violation of Egyptian and international law.
Alleged victims: 1
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27 Jan 2015
03 Feb 2015
    22 Dec 2014
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Alegaciones de detención arbitraria, violación de debido proceso y grave deterioro del estado de salud de un individuo debido a las condiciones de detención, en particular el grado de aislamiento y el trato al que estaría siendo sometido. Según la información recibida, desde el 19 de marzo de 2014, el Sr. Scarano se encuentra recluído en una prisión militar donde habría sido sometido a un régimen de aislamiento injustificado y a un trato inhumano, cruel y degradante que estaría afectando seriamente a su derecho al disfrute del más alto nivel de salud física y mental. Se alega que el proceso judicial al que fue sometido no habría sido conforme a las normas básicas del debido proceso.
Alleged victims: 1
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    22 Dec 2014
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary detention, incommunicado detention and enforced disappearance of a Turkish national. According to the information received, on 2 October 2014, Mr. Amer Alshava was arrested by the State Security Agency of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) upon his arrival at Dubai International Airport. On 3 October 2014, following inquiries at the airport and at the Al Barsha police station, Mr. Alshava’s family was informed that he had been detained at the airport by the UAE’s State Security Agency. On 14 October 2014, Mr. Alshava telephoned his spouse, reportedly under surveillance, and said that he was being treated well and that he would be kept a few more days for formalities. Mr. Alshava has been incommunicado since that date and his fate or whereabouts remain unknown. Grave concern is expressed about Mr. Alshava’s physical and psychological integrity as he may be at high risk of torture or other ill-treatment.
Alleged victims: 1
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20 Jan 2015
    22 Dec 2014
    Russian Federation
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • housing
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
Allegations of an arson attack on the premises of a human rights organization, and intimidation and harassment of human rights lawyers. According to the information received, on 13 December 2014, in Grozny, the office of the Joint Mobile Group (JMG) - a human rights organization that investigates grave human rights abuses, including abductions, enforced disappearances and torture, in the Chechen Republic - was largely destroyed by a fire in what appears to have been an arson attack. On 14 December 2014, human rights lawyers and JMG staff members Mr. Sergei Babinets and Mr. Dmitry Dimitriev arrived at the JMG office and called the police who, upon arrival, failed to inspect the incident and arrested the two men without a warrant. These events appear to have been triggered by a public request from Mr. Igor Kalyapin, the president of JMG, to probe the legality of declarations of the Head of the Chechen Republic, after which Mr. Kalyapin was publicly accused of supporting terrorism. Mr. Kalyapin was the subject of two previous communications sent on 29 February 2012, see A/HRC/20/30 case RUS 1/2012, and 31 March 2014, see A/HRC/27/72 case RUS 4/2014.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
13 Feb 2015
    22 Dec 2014
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alegaciones sobre la posible aplicación de una amnistía por los delitos de genocidio y crímenes de lesa humanidad, retrasos en el proceso judicial y alegaciones relativas a la falta de garantías de imparcialidad e independencia en la selección de magistrados de la Corte Suprema y salas de apelaciones. Según las informaciones recibidas, los retrasos debidos a la anulación de una fase del debate del juicio por genocidio y crímenes de lesa humanidad contra el ex Jefe de Estado Sr. Efraín Ríos Montt; la posible re-victimización de los testigos y víctimas si tuvieran que volver a dar testimonio; la posible aplicación de una amnistía a delitos que constituirían violaciones graves de los derechos humanos, crímenes de lesa humanidad y genocidio; así como la falta de garantías para la imparcialidad e independencia de la justicia señaladas en el proceso de selección de magistrados de la Corte Suprema y salas de apelaciones, vulnerarían el derecho a la verdad y el acceso a la justicia para las víctimas y familiares de violaciones graves de los derechos humanos cometidas en Guatemala durante el conflicto armado interno. Esta comunicación se refiere a comunicaciones anteriores enviadas el 18 de agosto de 2014, ver A/HRC/28/85, caso no. GTM 5/2014; el 2 de mayo 2014, ver A/HRC/27/72, caso no. GTM 4/2014; el 30 de octubre 2013, ver A/HRC/25/74, caso no. GTM 9/2013; el 17 de mayo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso, no. GTM 5/2013; y el 15 de marzo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso no. GTM 2/2013.
Alleged victims: -
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26 Dec 2014
15 Jan 2015
    09 Dec 2014
    Dominican Republic
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alegaciones relativas a la vulneración de las garantías de independencia judicial en los procesos de ascenso de los magistrados en el Departamento Judicial de San Cristóbal. Según las informaciones recibidas, el Consejo del Poder Judicial propuso el ascenso de dos magistrados a las posiciones de Presidencia y de Primer Sustituto de Presidencia de la Corte de Apelación del Departamento Judicial de San Cristóbal, sin respetar el marco legal nacional en materia de promoción de magistrados. Se alega que la magistrada Santa Moreno Pérez debería haber ascendido a la Presidencia de la Corte por su rango y por los méritos obtenidos en el Departamento de San Cristóbal. También se expresan preocupaciones en relación con el juicio disciplinario al que fue sometida la magistrada Moreno Pérez luego de la objeción de la propuesta de ascenso, que resultó en la suspensión de la magistrada, sin informarle sobre las razones legales de esta decisión y sin el debido procedimiento establecido en la legislación nacional y por los estándares internacionales.
Alleged victims: 1
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    08 Dec 2014
    Thailand
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of, and charges against 21 individuals for exercising their rights to freedom of opinion and expression. According to the information received, between April 2009 and November 2014, 21 persons were arrested, detained, and in some cases, convicted under article 112 of the Thai Criminal Code (also known as lèse-majesté law) and article 14 of the Computer Crime Act for having insulted or defamed the King or the Royal family. Four of the 21 individuals are being tried by military courts. The 21 persons concerned are: Mr. Khantawut Buranapitak, Mr. Tanat Thanawatcharanon, Mr. Siraphob Kornaroot, Mr. Nat Rungwong, Mr. Tanet Nonthakoat, Mr. Patiwat Saraiyaem, Ms. Porntip Munkhong, Mr. Prasit Chaisrisa, Mr. Katha Pajariyapong, Mr. Akkaradech Eiamsa-art, Mr. Somyot Prueksakasemsuk, Mr. Apichart Pongsawat, Mr. Sombat Boonngam-anong, Mr. Krissada Sitthiyot, Ms. Saran Chuichai, Mr. Assawin Esser Bird, Mr. Ekkapob Luara, Mr. Wuthipong Kachathamkul, Ms. Chatwadee Amornpat, Mr. Plutnarin Thanaboriboonsuk, and Mr. Yutthasak Kangwanwongsakul. Mr. Prueksakasemsuk was the subject of several previous communications, including sent on 11 June 2011, A/HRC/19/44, case no. THA 5/2011, on 20 December 2011, see A/HRC/20/30, case no. THA 9/2011 and on 14 December 2012, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. THA 13/2012. Mr. Prueksakasemsuk was also the subject of Opinion No. 35/2012 of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, see A/HRC/WGAD/2012/35.
Alleged victims: 20
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10 Dec 2014
    28 Nov 2014
    Qatar
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Allegations of violations of due process and fair trial guarantees regarding the arrest, detention, trial and conviction of a married couple, both nationals of the United States of America. According to the information received, Mr. Matthew Huang and Mrs. Grace Huang, who were lawfully residing in Qatar, were arrested on 15 January 2013 following the sudden death of one of their three adopted children of African origin. They were held in pre-trial detention until 6 November 2013. Mr. and Mrs. Huang were allegedly forced to sign statements in Arabic without being provided with a translation. They were formally charged with first-degree murder in April 2013, but the documents containing the charges were not translated. On 27 March 2014, Mr. and Mrs. Huang were sentenced in first instance to three years in prison and a fine, but the judge allegedly did not specify what crime they were sentenced for. The Appeals Court is scheduled to give its verdict on 30 November 2014. Grave concern is expressed in relation to the series of allegations of violations of due process and fair trial guarantees regarding the arrest, detention, trial and conviction of Mr. and Mrs. Huang.
Alleged victims: 2
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    27 Nov 2014
    Philippines
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allegations concerning the slow progress of the trial in the case of the “Maguindanao Massacre”, the killing of witnesses to the trial, and the lack of reparations to the victims. According to the information received, the trial on the massacre of 58 persons, including 24 women and 30 journalists, started in 2010 before the Regional Trial Court of Quezon City; however, not a single case has been concluded. Reportedly, at least four witnesses have been killed and relatives of witnesses have also reported attacks, threats and harassment. No form of reparation has been provided to the victims. Media coverage of the trial has reportedly been banned since mid-2014. This case was the subject of earlier communications sent on 30 November 2009, see A/HRC/14/23/Add.1, paras.1840-1880 (case no. PHL 11/2009), on 23 December 2009, see A/HRC/16/52/Add.1, para. 167 (case no. PHL 13/2009) and on 19 July 2010 see A/HRC/17/27/Add.1, paras. 1815-1822 (case no. PHL 7/2010).
Alleged victims: -
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    24 Nov 2014
    Australia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
  • torture
  • trafficking in persons
Allegations concerning changes to the legislation governing migration that would further weaken protection of the human rights of vulnerable irregular migrants. According to the information received, the Migration and Maritime Powers Legislation Amendment (Resolving the Asylum Legacy Caseload) Bill 2014 and the Migration Amendment (Character and General Visa Cancellation) Bill 2014, currently before the Senate’s Legal and Constitutional Affairs Committee, propose a range of measures that would further contravene Australia’s obligations under international law, including the principle of non-refoulement.
Alleged victims: -
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23 Dec 2014
    21 Nov 2014
    Syrian Arab Republic
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
Alleged arbitrary arrest and incommunicado detention of two Syrian human rights defenders in reprisal for their cooperation with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. According to the information received, Mr. Jdea Abdullah Nawfal and Mr. Omar Al-Shaar were arbitrarily arrested and detained on 31 October 2014 at the Lebanese-Syrian border crossing, upon their return from taking part in a workshop organized by OHCHR’s Regional Office for the Middle East. They were held at the Syrian immigration post for approximately eight hours until they were transferred to the office of the Syrian security intelligence agency in the area of Mazzeh, Rif Dimashq. Since then, they have been detained incommunicado at an unknown location. Grave concern is expressed that the alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and enforced disappearance of Mr. Nawfal and Mr. Al-Shaar are acts of reprisals for their cooperation with OHCHR. Serious concern is also expressed about their physical and psychological integrity, due to their incommunicado detention without access to a lawyer or medical care. Further concern is expressed that their arrest and detention might only be a first step towards more severe sanctions for their legitimate activities in the defence of human rights.
Alleged victims: 2
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    21 Nov 2014
    Panama
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Supuesta detención arbitraria y negación de acceso a tratamiento médico adecuado durante la detención. Según la información recibida, el Embajador Porter, representante de Sierra Leona, fue detenido el 27 de mayo de 2013 en el aeropuerto internacional de Tocumen, en la Ciudad de Panamá. Los individuos no identificados que llevaron a cabo la detención no presentaron una orden. El Embajador Porter sólo fue informado de las razones de su detención el 15 de agosto de 2013. Desde la fecha de su detención, el Embajador ha permanecido detenido en la cárcel de La Joya en condiciones supuestamente inhumanas y degradantes, donde se le ha negado el acceso a un tratamiento adecuado para su cáncer de pulmón en estadio IV. También se informa que se ha denegado el acceso regular a su asesor legal, así como cualquier supervisión de su detención por parte de una autoridad independiente e imparcial.
Alleged victims: 1
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19 Jan 2015
26 Feb 2015
06 Mar 2015
    18 Nov 2014
    Spain
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alegaciones relativas a la posible vulneración del derecho de acceso a la justicia y a la efectiva prestación del servicio de asistencia jurídica gratuita en el caso de que se adopte el Proyecto de Ley de Asistencia Jurídica Gratuita. Según las informaciones recibidas, el Proyecto de Ley de Asistencia Jurídica Gratuita, de 21 de febrero de 2014, el cual sustituye a la Ley Orgánica 1/1996 del 10 de enero de 1996 y se encuentra en tramitación esperándose su debate en sede parlamentaria, no cumpliría con los estándares internacionales de derechos humanos en materia de asistencia jurídica. Se expresa preocupación porque el Proyecto de Ley elevaría los umbrales y las exigencias actuales para poder acceder al derecho de asistencia jurídica gratuita, incluiría un desigual y arbitrario tratamiento de las víctimas al acceso a la justicia gratuita, y dificultaría el trabajo de los abogados del Turno de Oficio.
Alleged victims: -
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26 Jan 2015
    17 Nov 2014
    Timor-Leste
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Allegations of interference of the executive and legislative branches in the independence of the judiciary. According to the information received, on 24 October 2014, both Government and Parliament issued resolutions calling for the immediate termination of the contracts of all international judicial personnel and advisers working in the justice sector. This move appears to be linked to a series of court decisions in cases of taxation of foreign oil companies and corruption of Government officials. In another resolution, dated 31 October 2014, the Government ordered the revocation of the permits to stay in the country of eight named international judicial staff - five judges, two prosecutors and one adviser to the Anti-Corruption Commission - and gave them 48 hours to leave the country. It is unclear how many other international personnel have been or will ultimately be affected. Grave concern is expressed about the apparent interference of the executive and legislative powers in the independence of the judiciary, about the deleterious effect the immediate termination of contracts of all international judicial personnel could have on the administration of justice, including the prosecution of crimes committed in 1999, and the disturbing effect the resolutions could have on the remaining national members of the justice sector.
Alleged victims: -
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    17 Nov 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • health
  • minority issues
Alleged arbitrary detention, inhuman treatment, lack of adequate medical treatment and infringement of due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, on 15 October 2014, Sheikh Nimr Baqir Al-Nimr was sentenced to death by the Specialized Criminal Court in Saudi Arabia for “disobeying the ruler”, “inciting sectarian strife” and “encouraging, leading and participating in demonstrations”. Information received indicates that Sheikh Nimr Baqir Al-Nimr could be executed at any time. Concerns are raised that the death penalty was issued after a trial that did not comply with the most stringent due process and fair trial guarantees. Concerns are also raised at the alleged denial of medical treatment while in detention. Sheikh Al-Nimr was the subject of a previous communication sent on 28 August 2014, see above, case no. SAU 9/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
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31 Dec 2014
    14 Nov 2014
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
Alleged arrests and detention of the leader and followers of a Buddhist organization. According to the information received, there has been ongoing religious repression of Mr. Wu Ze Heng, the leader of the Hua Zang Dharma Buddhist Community, and his disciples in connection with the practice of their religion in different parts of China. Mr. Wu was imprisoned for 11 years in 1999, during which detention he was subjected to extensive forms of torture and harsh treatment. Since his release, he has been continuously monitored and his religious activities restricted by the police. He was repeatedly arrested, questioned and detained between 2010 and 2012 on “suspicion of intending to organize an illegal assembly”. On 29 July 2014, Mr. Wu and about 80 of his Buddhist disciples were again arrested and detained for unknown reasons. To date, the majority of the detainees have been released. However, Mr. Wu and 19 others are still being held at various detention centres in Zhuhai city. Concerns are expressed at the intrusive searches and arrests without warrants; interrogations without the presence of lawyers; lack of access to lawyers as well as harsh detention conditions.
Alleged victims: 1
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    06 Nov 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations of a ban on the legal practice of a prominent lawyer and human rights defender in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, on 19 October 2014, the Iranian Bar Association revoked the license of Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh and imposed a three year ban on her practice as a lawyer. Ms. Sotoudeh had been released from prison on 18 September 2014, after having served half of her six year sentence imposed on charges including “acting against national security” and “propaganda against the system”. Concerns are raised that the ban imposed on Ms. Sotoudeh not only represents a setback in her case, but also sets a dangerous precedent regarding the arbitrary disqualification of human rights activists and lawyers in the future. Ms. Sotoudeh was the subject of four previous communications sent on 19 November 2010, see A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, para. 1272-1276; on 23 December 2010, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. 35/2010; on 11 October 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. 13/2011; and on 27 July 2012, A/HRC/22/67, case no. IRN 18/2012.
Alleged victims: 1
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    03 Nov 2014
    Tajikistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and prosecution based on false charges of a human rights lawyer. According to the information received, in 2013, Mr. Shukhrat Kudratov represented an opposition politician in a trial. During this trial, Mr. Kudratov reportedly received threats for his legal work, including one directed at his daughter. In early 2014, one of the plaintiffs in that trial filed a civil law suit against Mr. Kudratov for “moral damage”. The consequent trial took place in absentia, and Mr. Kudratov did not receive a copy of the plaintiff’s claim and was denied access to the audio records relied upon as evidence of the alleged offence. On 19 June 2014, Mr. Kudratov was convicted and fined USD 4,000. On 21 July 2014, he was arrested by officers of the Agency for State Financial Control and the Fight Against Corruption and charged with three offences, including bribery. Following his arrest, a State television broadcaster and a State official, on 21 and 30 July 2014 respectively, announced that Mr. Kudratov was guilty. On 21 August 2014, charges of fraud were added to the initial charges brought against Mr. Kudratov. On 19 September 2014, his pre-trial detention was extended by two months, a decision that he appealed on 24 September 2014.
Alleged victims: 1
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22 Dec 2014
    03 Nov 2014
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    UA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alegaciones relativas a la injerencia en la independencia de tres magistrados del Tribunal Constitucional Plurinacional y a la vulneración de la independencia del poder judicial en Bolivia. Según la información recibida, en junio de 2014, la Cámara de Diputados inició procesos penales en contra de tres magistrados integrantes de la Comisión de Admisión del Tribunal Constitucional Plurinacional, la Sra. Ligia Mónica Velásquez Castaños, el Sr. Gualberto Cusi Mamani y la Sra. Soraida Rosario Chánez Chire, y ordenó la suspensión de sus funciones. Los procesos penales, los cuales se encuentran en curso ante el Senado, se iniciaron después de una denuncia penal presentada en contra de los tres magistrados por haber admitido una acción de inconstitucionalidad en contra de la Ley No. 483 y ordenado medidas cautelares. Se expresa seria preocupación en relación con la injerencia en la independencia de los tres magistrados y la vulneración a la independencia del poder judicial en Bolivia que esta conllevaría. Se expresa también seria preocupación en relación con los procesos penales en curso los cuales no parecen respetar los estándares internacionales sobre la independencia del poder judicial y el derecho a un juicio justo ante un tribunal independiente e imparcial.
Alleged victims: 3
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15 Jan 2015
28 Jan 2015
    29 Oct 2014
    Nicaragua
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones relativas a la denegación de acceso a la justicia a una víctima de violencia contra las mujeres y a su familia en Nicaragua. Según la información recibida, la Sra. Dina Alexandra Carrión fue encontrada muerta con un impacto de bala en el garaje de su casa el 3 de abril del 2010, presuntamente asesinada por su esposo. Se alega que desde el inicio de las investigaciones se observaron serias anomalías por parte de las autoridades quienes tipificaron el caso calificándolo como un suicidio. Según la información recibida, existieron una serie de irregularidades durante la investigación y el proceso judicial, así como un retardo injustificado por parte de las autoridades judiciales en responder a las solicitudes de partes y esclarecer diligentemente el fallecimiento de la Sra. Carrión. Se expresa preocupación por las alegaciones referentes a los obstáculos presentes en el sistema de justicia nicaragüense que impiden tanto la interposición de denuncias como el debido proceso judicial en los casos de violencia contra las mujeres.
Alleged victims: 1
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    09 Oct 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations of arbitrary detention and mistreatment in prison of nine members of the Gonabadi dervish religious minority in Iran. According the information received, Messrs. Mostafa Abdi, Reza Entesari, Hamidreza Moradi and Kasra Nouri, and their lawyers, as well as Messrs. Amir Eslami, Farshid Yadollahi, Mostafa Daneshjoo, Afshin Karampour and Omid Behrouzi, all of them currently imprisoned, are members of the Gonabadi dervish religious minority. Most of the above-mentioned individuals were reportedly arrested and detained in September 2011, during a wave of arrests of Gonabadi dervishes. Reportedly, the nine men were all held in prolonged solitary confinement without access to their lawyers and families. In 2013, they were sentenced to different prison terms on various charges, including “colluding against national security through membership in a deviant sect”, “disseminating propaganda against the state”, “disturbing public opinion”, and “disturbing public order”. Since 31 August 2014, the detainees have been on hunger strike in order to stop the Iranian authorities from imprisoning Gonabadi dervishes and their lawyers, and destroying their houses of worship (hosseinieh). Concerns are raised about the physical and psychological integrity of the detainees. Mr. Kasra Nouri was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 16 April 2013, see A/HRC/24/21, case no. IRN 7/2013.
Alleged victims: 9
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    09 Oct 2014
    France
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • African Descent
Allégation de détention arbitraire d’un citoyen français d’origine Africaine. Selon les informations reçues, M. Stellio Capo Chichi, alias Kémi Séba, a été arrêté à Paris le 13 septembre 2014, déféré devant un juge et incarcéré à la prison de Fleury-Mérogis. M. Capo Chichi semble avoir été écroué à la suite d’une condamnation à deux mois de prison avec sursis et mise à l’épreuve, prononcée le 22 décembre 2008 par le Tribunal de grande instance de Paris (TGI de Paris). Le 10 octobre 2010, un juge de l’’application des peines de Versailles a révoqué le sursis dont bénéficiait M. Capo Chichi, rendant exécutoire sa condamnation à deux mois de prison. Cette décision n’a pas fait l’objet d’un débat contradictoire. Ni M. Capo Chichi, ni son avocate n’auraient été informés de l’audience au cours de laquelle cette décision aurait été prise. Depuis son incarcération, M. Capo Chichi aurait été placé en isolement et n’aurait pas été autorisé à rencontrer son avocate et sa famille.
Alleged victims: 1
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07 Nov 2014
07 Nov 2014
07 Nov 2014
07 Nov 2014
07 Nov 2014
07 Nov 2014
07 Nov 2014
07 Nov 2014
07 Nov 2014
07 Nov 2014
    08 Oct 2014
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
Alleged arbitrary arrest, incommunicado detention and enforced disappearance of two Qatari nationals. According to the information received, on 27 June 2014, Mr. Yousef Abdu al-Ghani Ali al-Mullah and Mr. Hamed Ali Mohamed al-Hamaadi were arrested by police officers from the United Arab Emirates (UAE), while they were crossing the border by car to enter the UAE at the Ghuwaifat point of entry. It is alleged that since their arrest, their families have received no information about their fate or whereabouts. Serious concern is expressed regarding Mr. al-Mullah and Mr. al-Hamaadi’s fate and whereabouts, as well as their physical and psychological integrity.
Alleged victims: 2
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04 Nov 2014
    07 Oct 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged risk of imminent execution of a woman after a trial that did not meet fair trial and due process guarantees. According to the information received, on 29 September 2014, authorities transferred Ms. Reyhaneh Jabbari from Gharchak Prison in Tehran to Raja’i Shahr Prison where she was scheduled to be executed the next morning. Ms. Jabbari was sentenced to death in 2007 for allegedly killing a member of the Iranian intelligence services after he attempted to rape her. Raja’i Shahr Prison authorities reportedly confirmed the scheduled execution to Ms. Jabbari’s mother and asked her to go to the prison facility on 30 September 2014 to collect the body. However, Ms. Jabbari’s execution was postponed for 10 days and she was sent back to Gharchak Prison. Ms. Jabbari was the subject of a previous communication sent to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on 14 April 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 6/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
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13 Feb 2015
    03 Oct 2014
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Presunta comparecencia ante el Ministerio Público del director de una ONG y declaraciones públicas contrarias a la presunción de inocencia. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 9 de mayo el Sr. Rodrigo Diamanti, director de la ONG Un Mundo sin Mordaza habría sido imputado por los cargos de obstrucción a la vía pública y posesión de artefactos explosivos en grado de complicidad; posteriomentepuesto en libertad condicional con la prohibición de salir del país. El 25 de septiembre de 2014, el Sr. Diamanti habría sido citado a comparecer ante el Ministerio Público con el objetivo de realizar “formal imputación” y se le habría mantenido la prohibición de salida del país. Asimismo, se han recibidos informes acerca de las declaraciones públicas del Presidente de la Asamblea Nacional en un programa televisivo vinculando al Sr. Diamanti con grupos internacionales de apoyo a la lucha política de la oposición en la República Bolivariana de Venezuela; tales declaraciones no respetarían la presunción de inocencia e interferirían con la independencia del poder judicial. La detención por 48 horas del Sr. Diamanti el 7 de mayo de 2014 fue objeto de un llamamiento urgente el 16 de mayo de 2014, ver referencia no. A/HRC/27/72, caso no. VEN 4/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
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07 Oct 2014
    03 Oct 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and conviction of several human rights defenders for their legitimate human rights activities. According to the information received, six members of the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA) - Mr. Sheikh Suliaman al-Rashudi, Dr. Abdullah al-Hamid, Dr. Mohammad al-Qahtani, Dr. Abdulkareem Yousef al-Khoder, Mr. Mohammed Saleh al-Bajadi and Mr. Omar al-Hamid al-Saeed - are in detention following convictions for various crimes as a result of their legitimate human rights work. Two other ACPRA members - Mr. Fowzan al-Harbi and Mr. Essa al-Hamid - are free, pending the outcome of appeals for convictions against them. One other ACPRA member, Dr. Abdulrahman al-Hamid, has been detained without charge since 17 April 2014. The aforementioned persons were the subject of a number of previous communications sent on19 March 2004, see E/CN.4/2005/101/Add.1, para 470; 26 April 2004, see E/CN.4/2005/101/Add.1, para 471; 30 May 2005, see E/CN.4/2006/95/Add.1, para 455; 8 February 2007, see A/HRC/7/28/Add.1, para 1741-1743; 28 April 2010, see A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, para. 2096-2100; 7 April 2011, see A/HRC/18/51, case no. 3/2011; 1 March 2012, see A/HRC/20/30, case no. SAU 6/2012; 3 May 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. 7/2012; 12 July 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. SAU 9/2012; 21 December 2012, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. SAU 13/2012; 27 March 2013, see A/HRC/24/21, case no. SAU 5/2013; 12 September 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. SAU 8/2013; 3 February 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. SAU 1/2014.
Alleged victims: 8
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    03 Oct 2014
    Maldives
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Allegations of serious criminal charges brought against all five members of the Human Rights Commission of the Maldives (HRCM) in reprisal for their cooperation with the United Nations, its mechanisms and representatives in the field of human rights. According to the information received, on 14 September 2014, HRCM submitted a report to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in view of the upcoming Universal Periodic Review of the Maldives in 2015. The report, among other issues raised, reportedly criticised the judiciary and the Supreme Court. On 22 September 2014, the Supreme Court initiated a case against the five members of the HRCM, under its suo moto procedure. The members were reportedly presented with charges of “spreading wrongful information and giving a wrongful impression of the constitutional mandate of the Supreme Court”. Grave concern is expressed regarding what is seen as an act of reprisal against HRCM and its members for their cooperation with the United Nations, its mechanisms and representatives in the field of human rights.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    03 Oct 2014
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest and detention, as well as torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment of 50 juveniles and of two 18 year-olds by prison guards, police and military officers, as well as refusal by the Public Prosecutor and the Court of Misdemeanours of Alexandria to open investigations into these allegations. According to the information received, between 20 September 2013 and 30 May 2014, 52 males between the ages of 15 and 18 were arrested without warrants by police and military officers during peaceful demonstrations against the regime. They are currently detained in the Koum el Dekka prison, Montaza District, Alexandria, and charged with “demonstrating without authorization”, “assaults on police officers” and “affiliation to a prohibited party”. On numerous occasions, these types of charges have been brought against political opponents in Egypt, particularly against supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Alleged victims: 52
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    01 Oct 2014
    Malaysia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of criminalization of the lawful exercise of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, through application of the Sedition Act of 1948. According to the information received, at least 23 persons, including elected Members of Parliament, political activists, human rights defenders, academics, lawyers, students and journalists, have been charged, detained and sentenced under the Sedition Act of 1948 for expressing opinions and disseminating information through different channels, including the internet and traditional media. It is reported that the Sedition Act of 1948 has been increasingly used in recent months to prevent and criminalize democratic speech, including criticism against the Government, its leaders and ruling political parties, as well as to prevent discussions on religion and ethnicity issues.
Alleged victims: 7
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14 Oct 2014
15 Mar 2016
    10 Sep 2014
    Kyrgyzstan
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged physical attack against a human rights lawyer and threats against him and the non-governmental organization (NGO) he works for. According to the information received, on 4 September 2014, Mr. Makhamajan Abdujaparov, who works for the NGO Spravedlivost (“Justice”), was assaulted by a representative or an affiliate of the State Committee on National Security (SCNS). It is alleged that shortly after Mr. Abdujaparov filed a complaint with the police, an employee of Spravedlivost received a threatening call from SCNS. Moreover, earlier in the year, human rights lawyers at Spravedlivost were reportedly advised by authorities not to intervene in cases related to allegations of torture, and a number of employees of Spravedlivost were intimidated and threatened with criminal charges by the Prosecutor’s office and SCNS, while others were summoned and interrogated by the police. Concern is expressed that the alleged violations may be a result of Mr. Abudjaparov’s and Spravedlivost’s legitimate work in the defence of human rights.
Alleged victims: 1
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    09 Sep 2014
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Allegations of arbitrary detention and failure to provide adequate medical treatment. According to the information received, on 3 July 2013, Mr. Khaled Al-Qazzaz was arrested presumably in connection to his position in the former Government. He has since his transfer to Tora Maximum Security Prison, on 17 December 2013, been detained without charge and trial, and no evidence has been disclosed to justify his detention. Mr. Al-Qazzaz has been held for over eight months in a small prison cell without natural light and is only permitted to leave his cell for one hour, five days a week. His family and lawyers are allowed to visit irregularly under the surveillance of prison staff. Due to his detention, Mr Al-Qazzaz has lost mobility in one arm. He has reportedly been denied access to surgery identified as necessary to avoid permanent paralysis of his limbs and respiratory functions. His only access to medicine is through relatives during visits. Serious concern is expressed at the alleged arbitrary detention of Mr. Al-Qazzaz and the failure to provide him with adequate medical treatment. He was the subject of a previous communication sent on 27 December 2013, see A/HRC/26/21, case no. EGY 20/2013, and an opinion of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, dated 7 August 2013, see A/HRC/WGAD/2013, Opinion No. 39/2013.
Alleged victims: 1
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31 Oct 2014
    09 Sep 2014
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arrest, detention and interrogation of human rights defenders in China. According to the information received, Mr. Chang Boyang, legal representative of the Zhengzhou branch of Yirenping, a non-profit organization, was detained on 27 May 2014. On 12 June 2014, the bank account of Yirenping, Zhengzhou was frozen. On 17 June 2014, the office was raided by the police and a staff member was interrogated concerning Mr. Boyang. On 3 July 2014, Mr. Boyang was charged with “engaging in illegal business operations” and remains in detention. On 13 July 2014, the Yirenping office was raided again. On 22 August 2014, a former staff member was interrogated over a period of six hours regarding Mr. Boyang. Concern is expressed at the arrest and detention of Mr. Boyang and the interrogation of members of Yirenping.
Alleged victims: 1
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14 Oct 2014
    28 Aug 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • minority issues
Alleged arbitrary detention, inhumane treatment, lack of adequate medical treatment and infringement of due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, on 8 July 2014, Sheikh Nimr Baqir Al-Nimr, a 55-year-old who had been denouncing the Saudi Arabian Government over discrimination faced by members of the Shi’a community, was arrested and detained without charge by Saudi Arabian security forces in al-Awwamiya, Eastern Province. On 25 March 2013, his case was sent to the Specialized Criminal Court where the prosecution accused him of "haraba" or banditry, which carries the death penalty. In a hearing that took place in August 2014, the Saudi prosecution allegedly demanded his “death by crucifixion” under several new accusations, including “igniting sectarian incitements”, “aiding terrorists” and “waging war on God”. Information received indicates that Sheikh Al-Nimr could be executed at any time. Concerns are raised about the fairness of the proceedings which did not comply with international human rights law and his health conditions while in detention.
Alleged victims: 1
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    20 Aug 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
Alleged arbitrary detention, inhumane treatment, denial of urgent medical treatment and infringement of due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, Mr. Hajras bin Saleh bin Muhammad al-Qurey and his son Mr. Muhammad al-Qurey were arrested on 7 January 2012 for drug smuggling. They were allegedly tortured and denied full access to a lawyer. Mr. Hajras al-Qurey was allegedly denied medical treatment needed pursuant to his psychological problems. On 16 January 2013, the General Court of Najran sentenced Mr. Hajras al-Qurey to death and his son Muhammad al-Qurey to 20 years imprisonment. Information received indicates that Mr. Hajras al-Qurey could be executed in the coming days. Concerns are raised about the fairness of the proceedings which did not fully comply with international human rights law.
Alleged victims: 2
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08 Dec 2014
    18 Aug 2014
    Guatemala
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alegaciones relativas a la vulneración de las garantías de la independencia judicial en los procesos de selección de magistrados y magistradas de la Corte Suprema de Justicia y la Corte de Apelaciones. Según la información recibida, los procesos de selección de magistrados para la Corte Suprema de Justicia y la Corte de Apelaciones para el periodo 2014-2019, que comenzaron el 11 de julio de 2014, no cumplirían con el marco legal y la jurisprudencia nacional, así como con los estándares internacionales de derechos humanos en materia de independencia judicial. Se expresa preocupación de que las deficiencias alegadas en estos procesos de selección aumenten el riesgo de politización e interferencias externas en el poder judicial y vulneren la garantía de independencia judicial y la capacidad del sistema de justicia para luchar contra la impunidad. Un llamamiento urgente fue enviado con fecha 2 de octubre 2009, ver A/HRC/14/26/Add.1, para. 370-396, donde ya se señalaron deficiencias en la evaluación de los candidatos en los procesos de selección de magistrados.
Alleged victims: -
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    14 Aug 2014
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention, and torture of nine Bahraini nationals, of which two minors, enforced disappearance of some of them, and convictions after trials that did not respect international standards of fair trial and due process of five of them. According to the information received, beginning as early as 2011 and continuing through 2014, Messrs. Husain Al Singace, Elyas Al Mula, Sayed Mahmood Fadhel, Mohamad Ramadan, Mohamed Al Farsani, Mohamed Bader Al Shaik, Abbas Al Samia, X and Y were arrested in their homes, places of work or public spaces. Reportedly, the men were transported to various detention centres in Bahrain where some of them were forcibly disappeared for different periods of time. It is alleged that in detention the nine victims suffered torture, such as beatings, electrocution, food and water deprivation, forced stress poses, psychological torment, and sexual abuse, including for the purpose of extracting confessions. Five of them were sentenced to prison terms ranging from six months to 15 years after judicial proceedings that did not respect international standards of fair trial and due process. Three of them are currently awaiting trial. All but one of these victims remain in detention. Serious concern is expressed regarding, among others, the physical and mental integrity of the nine individuals.
Alleged victims: 9
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26 Sep 2014
21 Oct 2014
    12 Aug 2014
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and conviction of a blogger based on his public criticism of the human rights record of the Government of Viet Nam. According to the information received, on 26 May 2013, Mr. Truong Duy Nhat was arrested and detained, after he had written posts on his blog in which he criticized the Vietnamese Government’s compliance with international human rights law. On 4 March 2014, he was allegedly convicted of abusing democratic freedoms to infringe upon the interests of the State and sentenced to two years’ imprisonment. On 26 June 2014, the People’s Supreme Court of Vietnam upheld the sentence. Concern is expressed that the arrest, detention and sentencing of Mr. Truong Duy Nhat are linked to his peaceful and legitimate right to express his opinion freely on the internet. Concern is also expressed at the allegations of lack of fairness and due process in Mr. Truong Duy Nhat’s trial.
Alleged victims: 1
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24 Oct 2014
    11 Aug 2014
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of harassment and intimidation of members of the Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights (BYSHR) and the ongoing detention of one of its members. According to the information received, Mr. Hussein Ali Abdul Nabi was arrested on 6 September 2013 and released with charges pending on 29 November 2013. Furthermore, on 29 May 2014, after an allegedly unfair trial, a sentence of 15 years’ imprisonment was upheld against Mr. Naji Fateel. On 10 June 2014, Mr. Youssef Ahmed Abdel Rasool was summoned by criminal prosecution authorities and intimidated and interrogated for several hours. Concern is expressed at the ongoing judicial harassment and detention of members of BYSHR, which follows a pattern of harassment of the organization and its staff. Mr. Fateel was the subject of several previous communications sent by various mandate-holders, dated 10 January 2008, 18 January 2008 and 28 July 2008, see A/HRC/10/12/Add.1, para. 149-152, 154-157, 188 - 194; 10 May 2013, see A/HRC/24/21, case no. 2/2013; 4 October 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. BHR 7/2013.
Alleged victims: 3
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15 Sep 2014
26 Sep 2014
    08 Aug 2014
    United Republic of Tanzania
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • internally displaced persons
  • racism
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • housing
Allegations of ongoing attacks against persons with albinism resulting in death or severe maiming, and of lack of adequate protection. According to the information received, persons with the genetic condition of albinism are being targeted in brutal, ritualized attacks for the harvesting of their body parts throughout the territory of the United Republic of Tanzania. It is reported that at least 139 attacks took place throughout Tanzania between 2007 and 2014. Investigations, prosecutions and sentencing concerning cases involving attacks against persons with albinism are extremely rare. It is further reported that when legal proceedings do occur, due process is typically not afforded to the victims, whose testimony is usually not considered, and who are not provided with legal assistance. Furthermore, persons with albinism living in State institutions are subjected to inhumane living conditions and treatment. Children in particular are allegedly subjected to severe mistreatment in the form of physical abuse and sexual violence. Similar concerns were raised in an earlier communication sent on 18 March 2013, see A/HRC/24/21, case no. TZA 1/2013.
Alleged victims: 3
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    08 Aug 2014
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Allegations of surveillance and intimidation of a human rights lawyer and the lack of protection provided to him by the authorities. According to the information received, on 15 July 2014, two men on a motorcycle followed Mr. Upul Jayasuriya after he left the court premises at Hulftsdorp. Mr. Jayasuriya lodged a complaint about this incident at the Cinnamon Gardens Police Station. On 16 July 2014, the State media allegedly reported that Mr. Jayasuriya had been provided with adequate protection, which, reportedly, is not accurate. On 16 and 17 July 2014, two motorcyclists were observed around Mr. Jayasuriya’s residence. They allegedly appeared to be monitoring the movements in the area. Mr. Jayasuriya then filed an additional complaint at the Thalangama police station and requested protection. To this date, Mr. Jayasuriya has not been provided with protection and it is reported that the two men that followed and intimidated him have not been identified. Concerns are expressed regarding the surveillance and intimidation of Mr. Jayasuriya which might be linked to his peaceful and legitimate work as a human rights lawyer.
Alleged victims: 1
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19 Aug 2014
06 Feb 2015
    07 Aug 2014
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alegaciones de condiciones de aislamiento solitario prolongado contra líder de un partido político opositor. Según información recibida, desde el 18 de febrero de 2014 , el Sr. Leopoldo López Mendoza se encuentra en un régimen estricto de aislamiento solitario en las instalaciones militares de Ramo Verde, debiendo permanecer entre 23 y 24 horas dentro de su celda y no pudiendo mantener conversaciones privadas con sus abogados. Se informa también que el Sr. López y los Sres. Enzo Scarano, Daniel Ceballos y Salvatore Luchesse habrían sido víctimas de cacheos con violencia y confiscaciones arbitrarias de elementos de propiedad privada.
Alleged victims: 4
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    06 Aug 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged arbitrary detention, ill-treatment, violation of fair trial and due process guarantees, capital sentence for an offense that does not meet the threshold of the most serious crime standards. According to information received, Mr. Arzhang Davoodi was allowed less than an hour to provide his defense to the charge of “enmity against God”. His defense was then transmitted to the Revolutionary Court of Karaj, which sentenced him to death for the offense, in a hearing which reportedly neither he nor his lawyer was present. Since his imprisonment in 2003, he has reportedly been subject to ill-treatment and torture. He was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 18 June 2008. Mr. Jason Rezaian, Ms. Yaganeh Salehi, and two unknown journalists were detained on 22 July 2014. The government has confirmed the detention; however the reasons for their arrests have not been released.
Alleged victims: 3
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18 Dec 2014
22 Jan 2015
    30 Jul 2014
    Morocco
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégations relatives à l’arrestation et la détention d’un journaliste, qui seraient liées à l’exercice de son droit à la liberté d’opinion et d’expression, ainsi que des allégations d’actes de torture et de mauvais traitement qu’il aurait subis en détention. Selon les informations reçues, M. Mahmoud El Haissan, correspondant de la chaîne de télévision locale sahraouie RASD TV, aurait été interpellé le 4 juillet 2014, sans présentation d’un mandat d’arrêt. Il aurait été ensuite interrogé par des agents de police et des services de renseignement secrets, qui auraient exigé que M. El Haissan renonce à ses activités de journaliste. Ils l’auraient ensuite battu, humilié et forcé à signer des aveux écrits sous la menace. Depuis le 5 juillet 2014, M. El Haissan serait placé en détention provisoire sans respect des garanties judiciaires et sans donner suite aux allégations de torture.
Alleged victims: 1
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13 Oct 2014
    23 Jul 2014
    Ethiopia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of arbitrary arrest, detention and denial of medical treatment in detention of two opposition politicians. According to the information received, on 27 August 2011, Mr. Olbana Lelisa and Mr. Bekele Gerba, official of the Oromo Peoples’ Congress party and deputy chairman of the Oromo Federalist Democratic Movement respectively, were arrested after meeting with delegates of a non-governmental organization (NGO) working on human rights issues. They were initially detained incommunicado in Maikelawi for more than one month and questioned about their meeting with the NGO. Both men were charged with “attacking the political or territorial integrity of the State”, based on their alleged support for the Oromo Liberation Front. On November 2012, Mr. Lelisa was sentenced to 11 years and Mr. Gerba to 3 years and 7 months imprisonment, following an unfair trial in which the prosecutions’ witnesses allegedly committed perjury. They are currently detained in the Kaliti federal prison where they are being denied access to the necessary medical treatment.
Alleged victims: 2
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09 Dec 2014
    21 Jul 2014
    Kazakhstan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention, ill-treatment and failure to conduct a fair and lawful trial, and forced psychiatric confinement of a human rights lawyer. According to the information received, Ms. Zinaida Moukhortova, a human rights lawyer who has been subjected to forced psychiatric treatment in the past, was assaulted and arrested by plain clothed police officers on 1 July 2014. Ms. Mukhortova was reportedly taken to the Psycho-Neurological Clinic of Balkhash Town, where she has been detained since. It is alleged that her legal counsel has not been allowed to visit her. Serious concern is expressed at the physical and psychological integrity of Ms. Mukhortova in connection with her recent detention and the Courts’ decision of involuntary psychiatric confinement, which, if enforced while she is sane, would amount to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Ms. Moukhortova was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 22 August 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. KAZ 4/2013.
Alleged victims: 1
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22 Sep 2014
    21 Jul 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
Alleged arrest, imprisonment and denial of medical care to journalists and human rights activists in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, during the months of June and July 2014, a number of prominent journalists, women’s rights activists, a filmmaker and a blogger critical of the Government were arrested, charged and imprisoned for what appears to be the exercise of their rights to freedom of opinion and expression, and of peaceful assembly and association. Ms. Mahnaz Mohammadi and Mr. Mehdi Khazali were arrested, Ms. Reyhane Tabatabaie and Ms. Marzieh Rasouli were summoned to prison to serve their prison term, and Mr. Mashaollah Shamsolvaeizan was charged with propaganda against the State for having given interviews and speeches. Mr. Mashaollah Shamsolvaeizan was released after posting bail, whereas Mr. Khazali was released on health grounds. Ms. Mohammadi was the subject of two earlier communications sent on 7 March 2007, see A/HRC/7/14/Add.1, Para. 276, and 8 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. IRN 9/2011. Ms. Rasouli was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 16 February 2012, see A/HRC/20/30, case no. IRN 1/2012.
Alleged victims: 5
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    18 Jul 2014
    Yemen
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
Alleged secret detention, risk of torture, infringement of due process and fair trial guarantees of two men. According to the information received, Mr. Mourad Ben Ayed and Mr. Taha Aissaoui, two French-Tunisian citizens, were arrested at different airports in Yemen on 8 and 9 May respectively. On 9 May 2014, both men were questioned by the Yemeni authorities concerning their alleged political convictions and affiliation with terrorist groups. Mr. Ben Ayed and Mr. Aissaoui have reportedly not been brought before a judge, the lawyer appointed by their families has not been permitted to contact them and their families have not been allowed to visit or call them. The authorities have refused to provide any information on the fate and whereabouts of Mr. Ben Ayed and Mr. Aissaoui on the ground that they are officially still in custody.
Alleged victims: 2
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    17 Jul 2014
    Morocco
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • cultural rights
Condamnation alléguée d’un bloggeur et rappeur à quatre mois de détention, en raison de l’exercice de sa liberté d’expression artistique et de son implication dans le mouvement pro-démocratique au Maroc. Selon les informations reçues, M. Mouad Belghouate, bloggeur et rappeur renommé critiquant ouvertement la corruption au Maroc et dénonçant les brutalités policières, a été condamné à quatre mois de détention le 1er juillet 2014. Ceci est la troisième condamnation de M. Belghouate à une peine de prison depuis 2011, en vertu de procédures judiciaires qui ne seraient pas respectueuses du droit à un procès équitable. Des préoccupations sont exprimées relatives au fait que les condamnations dont a fait l’objet M. Belghouate seraient liées à l’exercice de son droit à la liberté d’opinion et d’expression y compris sous une forme artistique et de son droit de participer à la vie culturelle, et à son travail pacifique œuvrant pour les droits de l’homme au Maroc.
Alleged victims: 1
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06 Oct 2014
    16 Jul 2014
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of arrest, detention and harassment of human rights lawyers and activists surrounding the 25th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square protests. According to the information received, between 20 March 2014 and 21 June 2014, Messrs. Jiang Tianyong, Tang Jitian, Zhang Junjie, Wang Chen, Tang Jingling, Wang Qingying, Yuan Xinting, Liu Shihui, Ding Jiaxi, Zhao Changqing and Li Sihua were arrested, detained and some of them were convicted of various offences in Zhengzhou province, Heilongjiang province, Jiangxi province, Shanghai and Beijing. Grave concern is expressed at the violent and repressive measures taken against these individuals while carrying out their peaceful work promoting democracy, combatting corruption, organizing commemorations of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and providing legal representation to victims of human rights violations. The human rights defenders mentioned in this communication were the subject of previous communications dated 7 November 2008, see A/HRC/10/12/Add.1, para. 586-591; 10 June 2009, see A/HRC/13/22/Add.1, para. 345-352; 27 April 2010, see A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, para. 388-392, and 428-465; 7 December 2010, see A/HRC/18/51, case no. CHN 29/2010; 3 March 2011, see A/HRC/18/51, case no. CHN 5/2011; 15 May 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. CHN 4/2012; and 9 August 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. CHN 8/2013.
Alleged victims: 11
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20 Aug 2014
    15 Jul 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged arbitrary detention and ill-treatment of, and denial and inadequate provision of medical care to, individuals for their involvement in human rights activities; alleged acts of reprisals against individuals for cooperating with the United Nations Human Rights Council. According to the information received, a number of human rights and labour rights activists, and trade unionists were subjected to acts of reprisals, judicial harassment, arbitrary detention, and ill-treatment while in detention, as well as denial of medical care for their involvement in human rights activities. Mr. Hadi Esmaeilzadeh was convicted of “assembly and collusion with intent to commit anti-security crimes” and of “spreading propaganda against the State” for his involvement with the Defenders of Human Rights Centre (DHRC), a non-governmental organization, and allegedly sending monthly DHRC reports to human rights organizations and the United Nations Human Rights Council; Messrs. Reza Shahabi Zakaria, Shahrokh Zamani, Mohammad Jarrahi and Mohammad Molanaei have been denied urgent medical care; and Mr. Saeed Shirzad has been denied access to a lawyer and has been barred from having contacts with his family since his arrest on 2 June 2014.
Alleged victims: 7
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07 Jan 2015
    14 Jul 2014
    Israel
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention of three Palestinian activists. According to the information received, on 6 March 2014, Ms. Shireen Issawi, a Palestinian lawyer, was arrested at her house by Israeli authorities. She has since been held in solitary confinement in Al Maskubieh Complex of Jerusalem and in Hasharon prison, and is subjected to harassment, ill-treatment and long and severe questioning by the authorities. On 13 March 2014, Mr. Medhat Tarek Issawi, her brother, was also arrested by the Israeli authorities. He is currently detained in Ashkelon prison and does not have access to a lawyer. On 23 June 2014, Mr. Samer Issawi, their brother and a member of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, was arrested at his home by the Israeli authorities and is currently detained in Gilboa prison. His arrest reportedly occurred in the context of massive detention operations by the Israeli authorities, following the kidnapping of three Israeli teenagers on 12 June 2014.
Alleged victims: 3
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    14 Jul 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • health
  • minority issues
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged arbitrary detention and infringement of due process and fair trial guarantees of 33 Kurdish men; and allegations of inhumane treatment and denial of urgent medical treatment in detention. According to the information received, between 2009 and 2010, 33 Kurdish men, including one minor, were arrested by Iranian officials in Kurdistan. They were convicted of several national security offenses. Four of them, Messrs. Hamed Ahmadi, Jameshed Dehghani, Jahangir Dehghani and Komal Molaye, were reportedly sentenced to death following a summary trial without the presence of a lawyer and subjected to both physical and psychological torture while in detention. The Supreme Court upheld their death sentences in September 2013 as well as those of four others of the group of 33 Kurdish men - Seyed Jamal Mousavi, Abdorahman Sangani, Sedigh Mohammadi and Seyed Hadi Hosseini. The other 25 men remain on death row pending review by the Supreme Court. Messrs. Hamed Ahmadi, Jameshed Dehghani, Jahangir Dehghani and Komal Molaye were the subject of a previous communication sent on 17 June 2014, A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 10/2014.
Alleged victims: -
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    11 Jul 2014
    Ethiopia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • health
  • terrorism
Alleged arbitrary detention, inhumane treatment, denial of urgent medical treatment and infringement of due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, Mr. Ali Adorus, a British national, was arrested on 25 January 2013 and taken into police custody in Maekelwai, Ethiopia. He was allegedly tortured and coerced to sign a confession written in a language that he did not understand. He was denied full access to a lawyer until May 2013, when the police investigation was completed. In October 2013, the prosecution opened their case against Mr. Adorus before the Lideta Higher Court in Addis Ababa. He is reportedly being prosecuted under terrorism charges carrying capital punishment under Ethiopian law. Mr. Adorus was allegedly denied medical treatment needed pursuant to his history of cancer resulting in deteriorating health conditions.
Alleged victims: 1
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11 Nov 2014
    08 Jul 2014
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
Allegations of arbitrary detention and torture of a Bahraini national and imposition of the death sentence based on a confession reportedly obtained by means of torture. According to the information received, on 19 February 2013, Mr. Maher al-Khabbaz, a Bahraini national born in 1985, was arrested by security officers at the Golden Tulip Hotel in Manama without a warrant. He was held incommunicado at the Roundabout 17 police station in Hamad Town for approximately one week, during which he was tortured and forced to sign a false confession admitting to the killing of a police officer. Mr. al-Khabbaz was held incommunicado in Dry Dock detention centre for another couple of weeks and allowed to contact his family only approximately one month after his arrest. On 19 February 2014, he was convicted and sentenced to death by the court based on his confession as well as on the alleged forced confessions of others, and other secret evidence. Mr. al-Khabbaz is currently detained in Jaw prison, awaiting the review of this case in appeal.
Alleged victims: 1
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29 Aug 2014
    03 Jul 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged risk of imminent execution of a young woman, after being sentenced to death under “qesas” (“retribution-in-kind”) for killing her husband in 2010. According to the information received, Branch 17 of the Criminal Court in Ahvaz convicted Ms. Razieh Ebrahimi for murder in 2010 and sentenced her to death. Her execution was reportedly due to be implemented several months ago, but was halted after she told the authorities that she had committed the crime when she was 17 years old. A subsequent appeal by the legal counsel of Ms. Ebrahimi to the Supreme Court of Iran, on the grounds that she was a minor at the time of the crime and did not understand the consequences of her actions, was unsuccessful. Ms. Ebrahimi had been forced to marry at the age of 14 and allegedly “snapped” and killed her husband after suffering years of abuse, both physically and psychologically, by him.
Alleged victims: 1
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30 Sep 2014
    03 Jul 2014
    Cambodia
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged weakening of the independence of the judiciary in three draft laws on judicial reform. According to the information received, on 12 June 2014, the Senate of the Kingdom of Cambodia reportedly passed, in quick succession and after a secretive drafting process, three draft laws on judicial reform that would purportedly put the Minister of Justice at the centre of all key decision-making processes of the judiciary and the Supreme Council of the Magistracy. The draft laws were reportedly subsequently forwarded to the Cambodian Constitutional Council for an analysis of their constitutionality. Concern is expressed that the three draft laws could undermine the principle of separation of powers and violate the fundamental principles of judicial independence, established in international human rights instruments ratified by Cambodia and enshrined in articles 51 and 128 of its Constitution.
Alleged victims: -
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    30 Jun 2014
    Oman
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged arrest and detention of three human rights defenders. According to the information received, Mr. Ibrahim Abdullah Juma Al Balushi, Mr. Nasser Soulayman Al-Yahyai and Mr. Talal Mohammed Ahmed Al-Mamari have advocated for the release of the Parliamentarian Dr. Talib Al-Mamri since his arrest in August 2013. They have also expressed support to him on social media. Furthermore, they have provided information about the case of Mr. Al-Mamari and other detainees to human rights organisations. On 6 and 7 May 2014, Mr. Al Balushi, Mr. Al-Yahai and Mr. Al-Mamari were arrested and are currently detained at the special section of the Internal Security headquarters in Muscat. To date, no charges have been brought against them. Furthermore, they have not been allowed access to a lawyer or their families while in detention. Grave concern is expressed that they might have been arrested and detained due to their cooperation with human rights organisations.
Alleged victims: 3
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    26 Jun 2014
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allegations concerning the confirmation of death sentences against 220 individuals in Egypt, following unfair and politically motivated trials. According to the information received, on 24 March 2014, a Court in Minya sentenced 529 people to death on charges related to an attack in August 2013 on a police station in Matay, in protest of the violent dispersal of supporters of former President Mohamed Morsi. The sentences were pronounced following legal proceedings reportedly marred with irregularities. On 28 April 2014, another group of 683 individuals were provisionally sentenced to death by the same Court in connection to an attack on a police station in al-Adwa, following a similar trial purportedly similarly procedurally flawed. Also on 28 April 2014, the Court confirmed 37 of the 529 provisional death sentences imposed on 24 March 2014. On 21 June 2014, the Court upheld 183 of the 683 provisional death sentences imposed on 28 April 2014. The defendants are all allegedly supporters of former president Mohamed Morsi.
Alleged victims: -
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04 Jul 2014
    23 Jun 2014
    Tajikistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arrest, detention and enforced disappearance of a doctoral student and journalist. According to the information received, on 16 June 2014, Mr. Alexander Sodiqov was arrested in Khorog, Tajikistan. It is reported that on the day of his arrest, police officers searched his home in Dushanbe and confiscated his IT equipment without presenting a warrant. Reportedly, Mr. Sodiqov has been accused by Tajikistan’s State Committee for National Security of spying and carrying out subversive activities, despite evidence suggesting that the relevant meetings and conduct of Mr. Sodiqov all pertained to his academic research. Mr. Sodiqov’s fate and whereabouts remain unknown. His family has not had access to a lawyer. Serious concerns are expressed about the physical and mental integrity of Mr. Sodiqov and that his arrest, incommunicado detention and enforced disappearance may be due to his human rights work and legitimate and peaceful exercise of his rights to freedom of expression, opinion and association.
Alleged victims: 1
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21 Jul 2014
    19 Jun 2014
    Egypt
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations concerning the raid of the Egyptian Centre for Economic and Social Rights (ECESR) and the assault and temporary arrest of ECESR staff. According to the information received, on 22 May 2014, between 12 and 1 p.m., the ECESR’s office in Alexandria hosted a press conference which was followed by a short protest. Shortly after, police officers arrived and arrested 15 individuals including two staff members of ECESR – Mr. Mohammed Awwad and Mr. Mostafa Eissa. The police officers then raided the ECESR office and confiscated documents and equipment. The arrested individuals were reportedly released without charge in the evening of the same day. ECESR was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 24 December 2013, see A/HRC/26/21, case no. EGY 19/2013.
Alleged victims: 4
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14 Aug 2014
    17 Jun 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged imminent execution of four Kurdish men sentenced to death on charges of Moharebeh (enmity against God) and Ifsad filarz (corruption on earth). According to the information received, Messrs’ Kamal Malaie, Jahangir Dehghani, Jamshed Dehghani and Hamed Ahmadi, belonging to the Kurdish minority of Sunni Muslim faith, were arrested in 2009 and reportedly subjected to torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and forced to confess to their involvement in the assassination of a senior Sunny cleric. They were also reportedly denied access to a lawyer before and during their trials. On 13 June 2014, the families of the four men were reportedly allowed to visit them in Ghezal Hesar prison for the last time before the execution of their sentences. On 16 June 2014, the families were again given a meeting with the four men, in what appears to be a final visit before their execution.
Alleged victims: 4
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    12 Jun 2014
    Israel
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention of a Palestinian university student. According to the information received, on 17 November 2012, Mr. Ahmad Ishraq Rimawi, an 18-year-old university student at the time, was arrested at the ’Atara military checkpoint. He was allegedly interrogated on accusation of “participating in military activities” without the presence of his lawyer and has been detained pursuant to administrative detention orders since that day, without charges or a trial. His lawyer reportedly has not had access to information or evidence justifying his continued detention. Mr. Rimawi has been on hunger strike since 30 April 2014 to protest against the practice of administrative detention. He and other detainees on hunger strike have allegedly been subject to harsh treatment as a measure of punishment and his health has seriously deteriorated.
Alleged victims: 1
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    11 Jun 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged acts of reprisal in the form of ill-treatment of six human rights defenders and other detainees in Evin prison. According to the information received, on 17 April 2014, Messrs’ Behrouzi, Ebrahimzadeh, Kabudvand, Matinpour, Ronaghi-Maleki and Soltani, along with other detainees, were beaten in Ward 350 of Evin prison by prison guards and transferred to solitary confinement. Mr. Soltani was returned to his cell on 19 April 2014. Messrs’ Behrouzi, Ebrahimzadeh, Matinpour and Ronaghi-Maleki were returned to Ward 350 on 1 May 2014. Mr. Kabudvand was kept at the Evin prison clinic from 20 April until he was returned to his cell on 5 May 2014. Mr. Ebrahimzadeh was summoned to the Prosecutor’s Office on 3 May 2014 and his current whereabouts are unknown. Grave concern is expressed that the ill-treatment of the detainees in Evin prison might constitute reprisals due to the engagement of some of them with the United Nations and its human rights mechanisms. Messrs’ Behrouzi, Kabudvand, Matinpour, Ronaghi-Maleki and Soltani have been the subject of several previous communications, two of which were most recently sent on 11 September 2013, see A/HRC/26/74, case no. IRN 15/2013 and on 17 April 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 7/2014.
Alleged victims: 6
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    03 Jun 2014
    Uzbekistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged ongoing arbitrary detention of a human rights defender. According to the information received, Mr. Ganikhon Mamatkhonov, Regional Representative of the International Society for Protection of Human Rights, who has been imprisoned since 2009, was due to be released on 10 March 2014. However, on 29 March 2014, he was charged with disobeying prison authorities and sentenced to an additional two years, six months and six days in a penal colony. It is reported that Mr. Mamatkhonov had no access to legal representation during the proceedings. On 15 May 2014, the Court of Appeal reduced this sentence by three months. It is alleged that Mr. Mamatkhonov was denied access to a lawyer of his own choice at the hearing and sentenced in absentia. Concern is expressed at the apparent arbitrary nature of the extension of Mr. Mamatkhanov’s sentence, and the fact that this may be related to his work promoting and protecting human rights, particularly the rights of farmers in the Fergana Valley.
Alleged victims: 1
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12 Aug 2014
    02 Jun 2014
    Tajikistan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Allegations of torture and subsequent death of an inmate at Dushanbe’s penal colony No. 1 in Tajikistan; allegations of subsequent acts of reprisal in the form of torture, trial and sentencing of fellow inmates for having cooperated with the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. According to the information received, on 20 September 2012, Mr. Sadriddin Toshev and Mr. Sunattulo Rizoev, along with several other prisoners, witnessed the torture and death of fellow inmate Mr. Hamza Ikromzoda. In early November 2012, 53 prisoners including Mr. Toshev and Mr. Rizoev were transferred from Dushanbe’s penal colony No. 1 to Khujant prison No 2/3 in Sogd region. It is reported that upon arrival, Mr. Toshev and Mr. Rizoev, together with other prisoners, were beaten by Khujant prison guards. On 5 November 2012, Mr. Toshev was reportedly again beaten and tortured by officials at the Khujant prison, in an apparent reprisal for his meeting and cooperation with the Special Rapporteur on torture, during his first official visit to Tajikistan in May 2012. It is also reported that Mr. Toshev and Mr. Rizoev were tried in closed court proceedings and sentenced for disrupting the functioning of the penitentiary system and false denunciation.
Alleged victims: 3
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27 Aug 2014
    30 May 2014
    Syrian Arab Republic
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • health
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention, denial of medical care in detention, torture and killing of a military judge. According to the information received, Mr. Naef Al Refai, born in 1973 in Damascus and a military judge of the Damascus Military Court, was apprehended by the Intelligence Services Branch in Al Kiswah district on 22 March 2013. In February 2014, he was reportedly sentenced to ten years of imprisonment for having “conspired to change the political system of the state” and for having released peaceful protesters “without consulting the Intelligence Services”. It is alleged that there was no trial, or that Mr. Al Refai was not informed about it, and was tried in absentia. At all stages of his detention and court proceedings, he had no access to a lawyer. Mr. Al Refai had no access to medical services, although his health conditions were seriously deteriorating. In May 2014, Mr. Al Refai died in detention, allegedly after having been subjected to torture and ill-treatment.
Alleged victims: 1
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06 Feb 2015
    26 May 2014
    Niger
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégations relatives à l’arrestation et à la détention arbitraire du coordinateur de l’organisation Volontaires pour l’Intégration Educative (V.I.E.) Kande Ni Bayra. Selon les informations reçues, le 2 mai 2014, M. Ali Abdoulaye aurait été arrêté par des membres de la Direction Générale de la Sécurité de l’État (DGSE) et serait depuis cette date détenu sans charge dans leurs locaux à Niamey. L’arrestation aurait suivi son intervention dans les médias, dans laquelle il aurait dénoncé la famine dans la région d’Oualam et les conditions dans lesquelles vivent les enfants malnutris dans la région. De graves préoccupations sont exprimées en raison du fait que l’arrestation et le harcèlement de M. Abdoulaye seraient liés à son travail pour les droits de l’homme au Niger.
Alleged victims: 1
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26 Aug 2014
    26 May 2014
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention of a Pakistani national. According to the information received, Mr. Mudassir Ali, a Pakistani businessman, was arrested by officers of the Criminal Investigations Directorate (CID) in his office on 19 August 2013. On 23 September 2013, he was convicted of embezzlement and sentenced to six months imprisonment and deportation to Pakistan. On appeal, his sentence was reduced to three months imprisonment and deportation. Despite having served his sentence in Hozel Job Prison, Mr. Ali is still detained in the said prison. The authorities allegedly continue to lay new charges against him in order to keep him in detention. Mr. Ali has not been informed of these new charges and is at risk of being summarily expelled from Bahrain to the United Arab Emirates.
Alleged victims: 1
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01 Oct 2014
    22 May 2014
    Kyrgyzstan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged physical attack against a human rights lawyer by an official at the Ministry of Internal Affairs. According to the information received, lawyer Ms. Dinara Turdumatova met with an investigator at the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Osh on 1 May 2014. During this meeting, she played a recording of her client’s interrogation at which point the investigator turned off the office lights, grabbed her hair, and punched her in the head three times. Shortly after this incident, the Head of Internal Affairs insulted her and threatened to revoke her licence to practice law. At Osh hospital, Ms. Turdumatova was diagnosed with a wrist fracture and brain concussion. Ms. Turdumatova filed a complaint on 2 May 2014, and the Prosecutor’s office ordered a forensic examination on 6 May 2014. Concern is expressed at the alleged threats made by authorities to Ms. Turdumatova to withdraw her complaint.
Alleged victims: 1
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27 Feb 2015
    20 May 2014
    Mexico
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • housing
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Presuntos actos de violencia, detención, desprestigio, hostigamiento y tortura en contra de una abogada, así como la judicialización y la criminalización de sus actividades en defensa de los derechos humanos. Según la información recibida, la Sra. Alma Angélica Barraza Gómez es abogada y trabaja defendiendo los derechos de las comunidades afectadas por las construcción de la presa Picachos en el estado de Sinaloa. Entre sus actividades figura la participación en protestas pacíficas desde 2010. Se expresa preocupación sobre la falta de implementación de la mayoría de las medidas de protección otorgadas a la Sra. Barraza Gómez por el Mecanismo de Protección, así como sobre la situación de las comunidades afectadas por la construcción de la presa Picachos.
Alleged victims: 1
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24 Oct 2014
    16 May 2014
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • health
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention of a journalist, and denial of medical care in detention. According to the information received, Mr. Mohamed Fahmy, a journalist for Al Jazeera English, was arrested by the State Security Police at the Marriott Hotel in Zamalek, Cairo, on 29 December 2013. He is detained at Al Mulhag Ward of Tora Prison and reportedly charged with broadcasting false news and with belonging to, or assisting, the Muslim Brotherhood. His trial began on 20 February 2014 and there have been seven hearings to date. It is alleged that the charges are fabricated and the prosecution has not presented any concrete evidence. Furthermore, Mr. Fahmy is allegedly being denied medical treatment in detention, although he suffers from an injury to his upper right arm. While his lawyer repeatedly requested bail, all requests have been denied.
Alleged victims: 1
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    14 May 2014
    Sudan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Sudan
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of arbitrary detention, denial of a fair trial and due process, ill-treatment and the issuing of an unlawful sentence on the basis of unfounded evidence and improper indictment on grounds of adultery and/or of apostasy. According to the information received Ms. Meriam Ibrahim, a 27-year-old pregnant Sudanese woman, is currently detained at Omdurman’s Women Prison near Khartoum with her 20 month-old son. She is facing the punishments of public flogging and execution under the 1991 Criminal Act if found guilty of charges of apostasy and adultery in a hearing to be held by Sudan’s Criminal Court on 15 May 2014. Concerns are expressed at the physical and mental safety of Ms. Ibrahim, a pregnant woman in prison with her son under harsh conditions; the existence of legislation that permits flogging; at the restrictions on Ms. Ibrahim’s right to practice and profess peacefully her religious beliefs; and at her right to a fair trial and due process.
Alleged victims: 1
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    05 May 2014
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • housing
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of arrest and ill-treatment in detention of a human rights defender. According to the information received, Ms. Ge Zhihui participated in a training outside of China about the United Nations human rights mechanisms in early 2014. Ms. Zhihui was reportedly arrested at her home on 1 March 2014, and is currently detained in Fengtai District Detention Centre on charges of “illegal assembly”, “creating a disturbance” and “using cult to undermine implementation of the law”. Ms. Zhihui has reportedly been ill-treated in detention; she has been handcuffed and chained, denied permission to shower for twenty days and denied toilet breaks during her interrogations. She has reportedly been transferred to hospital on two occasions in relation to a brain infarct, anemia and kaliopenia due to her treatment in detention. Grave concern is expressed that her arrest and detention may be directly linked to her legitimate human rights activities and her participation in a training about the United Nations human rights mechanisms.
Alleged victims: 1
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    02 May 2014
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alegaciones de abuso de poder por parte del Tribunal de Honor del Colegio de Abogados y Notarios de Guatemala que suspendió a una jueza del ejercicio de la profesión de abogada por un año. Según la información recibida, el Tribunal de Honor informó el 4 de abril de 2014 a la Jueza Yassmin Barrios que iba a ser sancionada pecuniariamente, amonestada y suspendida en el ejercicio de su profesión de abogada por un año por haber supuestamente cometido una falta grave durante el juicio contra el Sr. Efraín Ríos Montt y el Sr. José Mauricio Rodríguez Sánchez por genocidio y delitos contra los deberes de humanidad. Se informa que el abogado que habría presentado la denuncia ante el Tribunal de Honor era uno de los defensores del imputado Rodríguez Sánchez. Se alega que el Tribunal de Honor actuó fuera de su competencia y que el órgano legalmente competente para evaluar las actuaciones de los jueces e imponerles las sanciones disciplinarias, la Junta de Disciplina Judicial, ya había desestimado la misma denuncia. Se expresa profunda preocupación ante la decisión emitida por el Tribunal de Honor que se enmarca en un contexto de ataques, amenazas e intimidación que afecta a los operadores de justicia que luchan contra la impunidad de graves violaciones a los derechos humanos en Guatemala. La Jueza Barrios ya fue objeto de un llamamiento urgente previo en el cual se denunciaban supuestas amenazas e intimidaciones, enviada con fecha 30 de octubre de 2013, ver A/HRC/25/74, no. de caso GTM 9/2013.
Alleged victims: 1
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    24 Apr 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary detention and ill-treatment in detention of a human rights lawyer. According to the information received, on 29 October 2013, Mr. Waleed Abu Al-Khair, the founder and Director of Monitor of Human Rights in Saudi Arabia (MHRSA), was sentenced to three months’ imprisonment on charges relating to the establishment of MHRSA. This sentence was upheld on 24 February 2014 by the Court of Appeal of Jeddah. On 15 April 2014, at the fifth session of his trial at the Specialized Criminal Court in Riyadh, Mr. Al-Khair was arrested and taken to an unknown location. On 16 April 2014, his wife was informed that he was imprisoned at the Al Ha’ir prison in Riyadh. Reportedly, Mr. Al-Khair has been deprived of sleep while in detention. Grave concern is expressed at the arbitrary nature of Mr. Al-Khair’s detention and his ill-treatment in detention. Mr. Al-Khair was the subject of a previous communication sent on 3 May 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. SAU 7/2012.
Alleged victims: 1
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19 Dec 2014
    24 Apr 2014
    Brazil
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged death threats against a lawyer and killing of his client for denouncing corruption within the police. According to information received, Mr. Wesley Pereira Fuganti, a lawyer, and his client Mr. X, were threatened by police officers after denouncing corruption involving the police in the city of Salto, São Paulo. On 29 November 2012, Mr. X was allegedly killed by a former police officer. After this event, Mr. Fuganti requested protection from the Brazilian authorities without success. Mr. Fuganti left with his family for the United Kingdom where their application for asylum was reportedly denied on 27 February 2014.
Alleged victims: 2
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30 Jun 2014
15 Jul 2014
    17 Apr 2014
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • health
Alleged arrest, detention, sentencing and ill-treatment while in detention of human rights defenders, in particular bloggers. According to the information received, on 11 September 2013, Mr. Ngo Hao was sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment and 5 years’ probation for publishing online articles promoting human rights. Allegedly, his health in detention has severely deteriorated as a result of hard labour and lack of adequate healthcare. Mr. Le Quoc Quan was arrested on 27 December 2012, and the charges of “tax evasion” against him were upheld on 18 February 2014 and he is reportedly denied access to legal counsel, books and religious guidance. Mr. Le Quoc Quan was the subject of a previous communication sent on 14 January 2013, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. VNM 1/2013. Grave concern is expressed regarding the deteriorating health condition of Mr. Ngo Hao in detention and the use of legislation to restrict the space for the promotion and defence of human rights and freedom of opinion and expression in Viet Nam, particularly online.
Alleged victims: 2
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15 Jul 2014
    17 Apr 2014
    Mexico
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • disappearances
Alegaciones de arresto arbitrario y desaparición forzada de un abogado defensor de los derechos humanos. Según las información recibida, el Sr. Marco Antonio Valle Cabañas, un abogado que presentó varios casos contra las fuerzas armadas por desapariciones forzadas, fue arrestado el 22 de marzo de 2014 en su domicilio en la ciudad de Atoyac de Álvarez, estado de Guerrero, por dos hombres armados vestidos de civiles. Los hombres habrían manifestado que pertenecían al gobierno pero no habrían presentado una orden de arresto u otro documento oficial. Se informa que la familia del Sr. Cabañas habría presentado quejas ante varias autoridades estatales y federales sin obtener respuesta alguna sobre el paradero del Sr. Cabañas. Desde el 22 de marzo, la familia del Sr. Cabañas no tiene ninguna información sobre su paradero. Se expresa seria preocupación por la integridad física y psicológica del Sr. Cabañas.
Alleged victims: 1
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22 Jul 2014
    17 Apr 2014
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
Alleged arrest, detention, conviction and sentencing of four individuals on the sole basis of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. According to the information received, the four individuals, two of them identifying as male-to-female transgender, were arrested without a warrant at their apartment in Cairo on 1 April 2014. They were allegedly subjected to both physical and sexual violence in detention. They were interrogated by the prosecutor on 2 April 2014 and sentenced on 7 April 2014 to several years in prison on charges related to “debauchery” under Law 10/1961. Concerns are expressed at the allegations of physical and sexual violence while in detention and that the individuals may have been sentenced on the sole basis of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    16 Apr 2014
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and lack of access to medical treatment while in detention of a blogger and human rights defender. According to the information received, on 17 March 2014, Mr. Osama Al-Najjar was arrested without a warrant and transferred to a State Security secret detention centre where he was interrogated and tortured for about four days. Mr. Al-Najjar, who had undergone recent surgery, reportedly suffered from severe haemorrhaging for which he did not receive immediate treatment. Shortly before his transfer to Al-Wathba prison on 21 March, Mr. Al-Najjar was allegedly transferred to a military hospital where he received medical care. Since then he has reportedly not received further medical treatment. It is reported that he did not have access to a lawyer. Serious concerns are expressed for the physical and psychological integrity of Mr. Al-Najjar and that his arrest and detention may be related to his legitimate activities as a human rights defender and his cooperation with the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers. Mr. Al-Najjar is the son of Mr. Hossain Al-Najjar, one of the 94 persons tried in the so-called “UAE 94” case, who was the subject of two previous communications sent on 16 April 2013, see A/HRC/24/21, case no. ARE 1/2013 and on 6 August 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. ARE 4/2013.
Alleged victims: 1
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13 May 2014
    15 Apr 2014
    Ethiopia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • terrorism
Allegations of arbitrary detention, torture or ill-treatment and violations of the right to a fair trial and due process. According to the information received, Mr. Mohamed Aweys Mudey, a Somali national, was arrested in November 2013 in Ethiopia and accused of possessing information about Al-Shabaab operations and participating in terror activities. In February 2014, he was allegedly found guilty and sentenced to 27 years in prison without having had access to a lawyer or his family. It is reported that Mr. Mudey was tortured during interrogation while detained for four months at the Ethiopia Crimes Investigations Sector. He was allegedly transferred and held at an unknown location designated for terrorists.
Alleged victims: 1
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    15 Apr 2014
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Alleged torture and other ill-treatment of a political activist and use of confessions extracted under duress during court proceedings. According to the information received, on 9 January 2014, Mr. Ahmed al-Arab, a 22-year-old nursing student and political activist, was arrested in Hamad town by agents of the Ministry of Interior. During his arrest, Mr. al-Arab was allegedly blindfolded and severely beaten. He was then taken to the public prosecutor’s office where the prosecutor allegedly threatened him with more torture if he did not confess to the charges brought against him. It was reported that during his detention and interrogation at the Criminal Investigation Department, Mr. al-Arab was severely tortured in order to obtain a confession. Mr. al-Arab has not been medically examined and continues to suffer from extreme pain. Mr. al-Arab allegedly remained in incommunicado detention from 9 to 21 January 2014, and for one month, did not have access to family visits or his lawyer. Furthermore, it is reported that although his lawyer was able to attend the court proceedings, Mr. al-Arab was never brought before the court in person.
Alleged victims: 1
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14 May 2014
    14 Apr 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged risk of imminent execution in violation of international human rights law. According to the information received, Ms. Rayhaneh Jabbari is at risk of imminent execution by hanging after being convicted of murdering Mr. Morteza Abdolali Sarbandi, a physician and member of the Iranian intelligence services, who allegedly attempted to rape her on 7 July 2007. Ms. Jabbari was arrested on 8 July 2007 and has since then been held in Evin prison in Tehran. She was allegedly tortured until she confessed to the murder. During the trial against her, the defendant reportedly claimed that the killing occurred in self-defence. Ms. Jabbari was reportedly not allowed to be assisted by a lawyer of her own choosing. The first-instance court sentenced her to death, which was later upheld by the Supreme Court.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    09 Apr 2014
    Morocco
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Allégations d’arrestation et de détention arbitraires d’un marocain d’origine sahraouie, de torture et mauvais traitements sur sa personne, et d’absence de soins médicaux appropriés. Selon les informations reçues, M. X a été arrêté le 7 août 2013 sans présentation d’un mandat d’arrêt. Au cours de son arrestation et pendant sa garde à vue de trois jours, il aurait reçu de nombreux coups. Le 19 août 2013, le Tribunal de première instance de Guelmim a condamné M. X à 10 mois de prison, peine que la Cour d’appel d’Agadir a prolongée à un an de prison le 26 septembre 2013, supposément sur la seule base du rapport de l’interrogatoire de police. M. X aurait, à partir du 28 février 2014, intenté une grève de la faim. Malgré son état de santé critique, Mr. X n’aurait pas accès aux soins médicaux.
Alleged victims: 1
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30 Apr 2014
    02 Apr 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
Alleged risk of imminent execution of a migrant worker in violation of international human rights law. According to the information received, Ms. Satinah Binti Jumadi Ahmad, a 41-year-old migrant worker from Indonesia, is at risk of imminent execution in Saudi Arabia. She was reportedly sentenced to death in 2010 for the murder of her employer. The defendant claimed however that the killing had occurred in self-defence and after months of abuse by her employer. It is unclear to what extent the circumstances surrounding the killing committed by Ms. Ahmad were considered during the trial against her. Ms. Ahmad is reported to risk execution as of 3 April 2014, if compensation is not paid to the family of the employer. Reportedly, the death penalty is used disproportionately against foreign nationals in Saudi Arabia.
Alleged victims: 1
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    02 Apr 2014
    Eswatini
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged arrest and detention of a lawyer and a magazine editor for exercising their legitimate rights to freedom of expression. According to the information received, Mr. Thulani Maseko, a prominent human rights lawyer, was arrested on 17 March 2014, and Mr. Bheki Makhubu, editor of The Nation magazine, was arrested on 18 March 2014. Both men were charged with “contempt of court” for allegedly authoring articles published in the Nation questioning the circumstances and rationale of a case pending before the High Court and raising concerns about the judiciary. On 18 March, Messrs’ Maseko and Makhubu were remanded into custody by the Chief Justice, and on 25 March and 1 April, the High Court reportedly prolonged their detention pending trial for another 7 days. Mr. Maseko was the subject of an earlier communisation sent on 12 June 2009, see A/HRC/13/22/Add.1, para. 2134-2138.
Alleged victims: 2
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    31 Mar 2014
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged torture in detention of a human rights activist and stigmatisation of his lawyer. According to information received, Mr. Ruslan Kutayev, the former deputy Prime Minister of the Chechen Republic and head of the Assembly of Peoples of the Caucasus, was arrested on 20 February 2014 and allegedly tortured while in detention. On 25 February, the current head of the Chechen Republic allegedly launched a verbal attack in the Public Chamber of Chechnya against Mr Kutayev and his lawyer, Mr. Igor Kalyapin, which was repeatedly broadcasted on State television channel Vainakh later that day. Concern is expressed at the implications of this broadcast, and the physical and psychological integrity of Mr Kutayev and Mr Kalyapin.
Alleged victims: 2
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14 Jul 2014
    31 Mar 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged risk of imminent executions in contravention of international standards. According to the information received, Mr. Ali Chebeishat and Mr. Sayed Khaled Mousawi, both members of the Ahwazi Arab minority community in the Islamic Republic of Iran, are at risk of imminent execution. After their arrest on 10 November 2012 along with Mr. Salman Chayan, both individuals were sentenced to death by the Ahwaz Revolutionary Court on charges of Moharebeh (enmity against God) for their alleged roles in the explosions of a gas pipeline and a train transporting oil in October 2012, which is not in violation of the most serious crimes provision under international law. All three defendants were reportedly held in incommunicado detention, tortured and forced to confess, as well as denied access to a lawyer. On 18 March 2014, their families were reportedly informed about the defendants’ transfer from Dezful Prison to an undisclosed location, in preparation for their executions.
Alleged victims: 3
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21 Aug 2014
    31 Mar 2014
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
Alleged torture and ill-treatment of a minor, use of confessions extracted under duress during court proceedings and denial of medical treatment in Jaw prison, Bahrain. According to the information received, on 23 July 2012, Mr. X, a national of Bahrain, born in 1997, was arrested by security forces of the Ministry of Interior following clashes in Bilad al-Qadeem. Mr. X was 15 years old at the time of his arrest. During interrogation, he was reportedly blindfolded, handcuffed and forced to lie on the floor without moving, sitting or sleeping. It is alleged that the security officers were trying to extract a confession from Mr. X. Subsequently, it is reported that the criminal court relied on evidence that had been extracted under duress and refused to investigate the allegations of torture and ill-treatment as petitioned by Mr. X’s lawyer. On 4 April 2013, the court sentenced Mr. X to 10 years imprisonment for burning a police vehicle. It is further reported that Mr. X is currently detained in Jaw prison and does not have access to the medical treatment and physiotherapy that he needs for medical conditions he suffers from.
Alleged victims: 1
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27 May 2014
    25 Mar 2014
    Spain
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alegaciones relativas a la adopción de la Ley Orgánica 1/2014, de 13 de marzo, que modifica la Ley Orgánica 6/1985, de 1 de julio, del Poder Judicial, relativa a la justicia universal, y que restringiría la aplicabilidad del principio de jurisdicción universal por los tribunales españoles.
Alleged victims: -
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08 Jul 2014
    11 Mar 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged arrest, detention and sentencing to seven years in prison of a student and women’s rights activist. According to the information received, Ms. Maryam Shafipour, a Qazvin University student, was arrested on 27 July 2013. Following her arrest, Ms. Shafipour reportedly spent over two months in solitary confinement and without access to a lawyer. On 2 March 2014, she was sentenced to seven years in prison on charges of “spreading propaganda against the system”, “assembly and collusion against national security”, and “membership of the Advocacy Council for the Right to Education”. Grave concerns are expressed that Ms. Shafipour might have been targeted due to her peaceful and legitimate activities as a student women’s rights activist. Further concerns are expressed about her treatment while in detention and that she was denied access to a lawyer.
Alleged victims: 1
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    07 Mar 2014
    Russian Federation
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • disappearances
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • environment
Alleged enforced disappearance of an environmental rights defender. According to the information received, on 3 February 2014, Mr. Evgeny Vitishko was detained for swearing while at a public bus stop. On 18 February 2014, Mr. Vitishko was transferred to pre-trial detention centre No.1 in Krasnodar instead of being released. On 24 February 2014, it was discovered that Mr. Vitishko’s fate and whereabouts were unknown. Mr. Vitishko works with Environmental Watch on North Caucasus (EWNC), an independent group that published a report on environmental damage caused by preparations for the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi. Since 2011, Mr. Vitishko has been involved in legal proceedings related to alleged damage to a disputed fence in Krasnodar. In November 2011, he received a three-year suspended sentence. In November 2013, he was imprisoned for alleged breach of curfew, a condition of his probation. Grave concern is expressed about the physical and psychological integrity of Mr. Vitishko.
Alleged victims: 1
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16 Jul 2014
    27 Feb 2014
    Tajikistan
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged threat to the independence of the legal profession. According to the information received, the draft law of the Republic of Tajikistan on the Advocacy and the Bar would establish a Qualification Commission which would operate under the Ministry of Justice and be responsible for regulating the legal profession. Concerns have been expressed that the draft law, if passed in its current form, would leave the legal profession vulnerable to interference from the executive branch of Government.
Alleged victims: -
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19 Apr 2016
    24 Feb 2014
    Qatar
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary detention and ill-treatment of a Colombian national and violations of due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, Mr. Juan Pablo Iragorri Medina was arrested on 30 June 2011 without a warrant and detained for more than three months in complete isolation first in a former jail and then at the Crime Investigation Department, without access to a lawyer, his family or the Colombian authorities. Mr. Iragorri was reportedly forced to sign a confession of guilt written in Arabic, a language he does not understand. Mr. Iragorri allegedly suffered ill-treatment while in detention and serious violations of his rights to due process and a fair trial. On 27 December 2012, Mr. Iragorri was sentenced to life in prison for drug trafficking, a sentence upheld by the Court of Appeal on 25 November 2013.
Alleged victims: 1
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07 Apr 2014
    21 Feb 2014
    Turkey
    AL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Alleged interference in the independence of the judiciary. According to the information received, on 17 December 2013, as part of anti-corruption investigations, family members of ministers in the Government, among others, were detained. Since then, some of the police officers, judges and prosecutors investigating corruption cases have been removed from their duties or relocated to other posts. Furthermore, on 15 February 2014, a law was adopted by the Grand National Assembly, which restructures the High Council of Judges and Prosecutors by expanding the influence of the Minister of Justice in its administration and decision making processes and has been submitted to the President of the Republic for ratification.
Alleged victims: -
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