Communication report and search
OHCHR.org

408 communications found
Date, Country,
Type and
ref. no. of
communication
Mandates Summary Replies
received
    01 Sep 2020
    Somalia
    JOL
  • Somalia
  • health
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • slavery
  • torture
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the draft bill on “Sexual Intercourse Related Crimes”.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 Aug 2020
    Turkey
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
Information received concerning the discrimination faced by the Protestant Christian minority in Turkey, and in particular with regard to the registration of their religious organizations, their places of worship, the training of their clergy and religious leaders, as well as with regard to cases of harassment and intimidation of Protestant religious actors and their families.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    07 Aug 2020
    Pakistan
    JOL
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the recently established National Commission on Minorities in Pakistan, which reportedly exludes the Ahmadiyya minority and appears not to meet the the standards set out for national human rights institutions in the UN Principles relating to the Status of National Institutions (“the Paris Principles”).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    29 Jul 2020
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received regarding the continued persecution of Crimean human rights defenders.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
24 Sep 2020
    29 Jul 2020
    Egypt
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received regarding continued detention of human rights defenders and other individuals in Egyptian prisons, who, since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, have had their communication with the outside world heavily restricted, their pre-trial detentions renewed in absentia and are at grave risk of contracting the COVID-19 virus.
Alleged victims: 12
More details...
    28 Jul 2020
    Turkey
    JAL
  • cultural rights
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the proposed conversion of the Hagia Sofia museum into a mosque.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 Sep 2020
    22 Jul 2020
    Turkey
    JAL
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the use of hate speech against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (“LGBT”) persons by religious leaders and public officials in Turkey.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
21 Sep 2020
    07 Jul 2020
    China
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • arbitrary Detention
  • minority issues
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the alleged use of surveillance to monitor, track, and ultimately detain persons who belong to Muslim minorities within China
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    01 Jul 2020
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary detention of Mr. Shariat Boyati, a singer of the popular Baul folk music community in Bangladesh.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    29 Jun 2020
    Philippines
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
Comments on ‘The Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020’ (the Act),
Alleged victims: -
More details...
27 Aug 2020
    24 Jun 2020
    France
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
Proposition de loi portant sur les « Mesures de sûreté pouvant être ordonnées à l’encontre des auteurs d’infractions terroristes » portant modification du titre XV du livre IV du code de procédure pénale.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Jun 2020
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • terrorism
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the arbitrary and unlawful arrest of Mr. Hejaaz Omer Hizbullah in April 2020.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    15 Jun 2020
    Mexico
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • internally displaced persons
  • minority issues
Información recibida en relación con denuncias de violaciones de derechos humanos, discriminación y exclusión de miembros de minorías religiosas que son perpetradas por las autoridades locales, en varios estados de México, sin la intervención efectiva de las autoridades estatales o federales para proteger las victimas de estas violaciones.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
12 Aug 2020
    11 Jun 2020
    India
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning judicial proceedings against and detention of eleven human rights defenders linked to their participation in protests against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA).
Alleged victims: 11
More details...
31 Jul 2020
    05 Jun 2020
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • minority issues
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the systematic persecution of Jehovah’s Witnesses
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
05 Aug 2020
    02 Jun 2020
    China
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the continued enforced disappearance of Gedhun Cheokyi Nyima, and the regulation of reincarnation of Tibetan living Buddhas against the religious traditions and practices of the Tibetan Buddhist minority. The 17 May 2020 marked 25 years since the disappearance of Gedhun Cheokyi Nyima.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
08 Jul 2020
    27 May 2020
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
Informations reçues concernant les accusations portées à l’encontre de Mme Emna Chargui, bloggeuse, après qu’elle ait diffusée sur les réseaux sociaux un message à la manière d’une sourate coranique.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
27 Jul 2020
    26 May 2020
    Switzerland
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Commentaires et suggestions à propos du projet de loi sur les mesures policières de lutte contre le terrorisme
Alleged victims: -
More details...
02 Jul 2020
    13 May 2020
    Cuba
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
Información recibida en relación con el presunto acoso continuado sufrido por el pastor Alain Toledano, pastor del Movimiento Apostólico de Cuba, su familia y los miembros de su congregación.
Alleged victims: 100
More details...
23 Jul 2020
    11 May 2020
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the judicial harassment and prolonged detention of Sheikh Mohammad bin Hassan Al Habib and of Mr. Murtaja bin Abdallah bin Ali Qureiris.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
08 Jul 2020
    08 May 2020
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • minority issues
Information received concerning the risk of public incitement to violence and hatred based on tweets made by the Minister of State on Parliamentary Affairs.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    06 May 2020
    Kyrgyzstan
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Comments on the proposed law of the Kyrgyz Republic on Countering Terrorism.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Jun 2020
    06 May 2020
    India
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act 2019 (the amended Act), to the current counter-terrorism legislation, the 1967 Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (the Act), and raising concerns in relation to its compatibility with your Excellency’s Government’s obligations under international human rights law and in relation to pertinent international standards of counter-terrorism legislation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 May 2020
    Iraq
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the cases of 432 army cadets missing from Tikrit since 12 June 2014.
Alleged victims: 432
More details...
14 Oct 2020
    04 May 2020
    Nigeria
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
Information received regarding alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of Mr. Mubarak Bala on the allegation that he had insulted the Prophet Mohammad in his Facebook posts.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    04 May 2020
    India
    JAL
  • torture
  • executions
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the continued deterioration of human rights conditions in the State of Jammu and Kashmir following severe restrictions imposed after 5 August 2019, in particular citing arbitrary detentions, violations to the prohibition of torture and ill-treatment, right to health and rights of of persons belonging to minorities.
Alleged victims: 16
More details...
31 Jul 2020
    30 Apr 2020
    Viet Nam
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning allegations of threats, harassment, travel restrictions, surveillance, and acts of violence against the independent religious communities and human rights defenders who sought to participate or participated in the 2019 international conference on freedom of religion or belief in Southeast Asia, that took place in Bangkok (Thailand).
Alleged victims: 14
More details...
    23 Apr 2020
    Other actors
    JAL
  • slavery
  • business
  • migrants
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the situation of the employees of Grace Road Group in Fiji, who are allegedly subjected to abusive and exploitative labour conditions, which may amount to forced labour. Other human rights abuses reported refer to child labour, restricted freedom of movement, obstructed access to healthcare and education, as well as physical and psychological abuse.
Alleged victims: 403
More details...
24 Apr 2020
29 Apr 2020
01 May 2020
01 May 2020
22 May 2020
29 May 2020
31 May 2020
    23 Apr 2020
    Fiji
    JAL
  • slavery
  • business
  • migrants
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the situation of the members of the Grace Road Church and employees of Grace Road Group, who are reportedly based in Navua, Fiji and allegedly subjected to abusive and exploitative labour conditions, which may amount to forced labour, and other human rights violations, such as child labour, restricted freedom of movement, obstructed access to healthcare and education, as well as physical and psychological abuse.
Alleged victims: 403
More details...
22 Jul 2020
    08 Apr 2020
    Sri Lanka
    JOL
  • religion or belief
  • health
  • minority issues
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the circular by the Ministry of Health of Sri Lanka providing standard guidance on the autopsy practice and the disposal of COVID-19 related dead body.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    06 Apr 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • executions
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the risk of execution, as a result of an unfair trial, of Mr. Houshmand Alipour and the unfair trial of Mr. Mohammad Ostadghader.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    25 Mar 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the imposition of the death penalty upon seven individuals, members of the Sunni Kurdish minority in Iran, as a result of legal proceedings, which have been reportedly marked by violations of due process and of fair trial standards.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    16 Mar 2020
    Mauritania
    JUA
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Informations reçues concernant des allégations de détention de 15 personnes en raison de la tenue et de la participation à une réunion pacifique, dont 6 qui se trouvent actuellement en détention et risqueraient l’application de la peine de mort.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
24 Apr 2020
    12 Mar 2020
    Belarus
    JUA
  • Belarus
  • arbitrary Detention
  • migrants
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the case of imminent extradition of Mr. Nikolai Makhalichev, Jehovah’s Witness from the Russian Federation, in violation of the non-refoulement principle.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
17 Apr 2020
    02 Mar 2020
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning Ali Ebrahim Mohamed Ameen Ebrahim AlArab, Husain Ali Redha Ebrahim Khamis Barbar, Isa Jaafar Isa Hasan AlAbd, Majeed Ahmed Habib Ahmed, Ali AbdulAziz Ali Husain Mohamed, Salah Saeed Saleh Ali Hasan AlHammar, Ali Hasan Ali Ashoor Ali, and Sadiq Jaafar Isa Abdulla Hasan AlAbd who reportedly have been subjected to torture or other ill-treatment.
Alleged victims: 8
More details...
09 May 2020
    28 Feb 2020
    India
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
Allegations of excessive use of force, arrests and arbitrary detention of protestors since December 2019, in the context of demonstrations against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA).
Alleged victims: 31
More details...
    17 Feb 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JOL
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning discrimination on the grounds of religion in the application process for national identity cards in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    21 Jan 2020
    India
    JUA
  • privacy
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the continued harassment intimidation and violation of the right to privacy of journalist Ms. Rana Ayyub, as well as the alleged failure by the authorities to provide effective protection.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    14 Jan 2020
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • education
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the persisting challenges faced by Non-Muslim students in area of education, as well as the existence of textbooks with content that stigmatizes ethno-religious minorities in Pakistan.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    20 Dec 2019
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant le harcèlement et les menaces dont est victime M. Mounir Baatour, y compris les menaces de mort, diffusées sur les médias sociaux en lien avec ses activités légitimes de défenseurs des droits de l’homme.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
18 Feb 2020
    06 Dec 2019
    Egypt
    JUA
  • minority issues
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the the arbitrary arrest, detention and torture of human rights defender, Mr. Ramy Kamel Saied Salib, reportedly in connection to his human right work and to prevent his participation at the 12th session of the Forum on Minority Issues, which took place in Geneva from 28 to 29 November 2019.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Mar 2020
24 Aug 2020
    29 Nov 2019
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the possible unlawful imposition of the death sentence, and execution, of the four individuals mentioned below.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
26 Feb 2020
    28 Nov 2019
    Republic of Korea
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Preliminary reactions to the Act on Transfer to and Performance of Alternative Military Service (the draft bill)
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Feb 2020
    25 Nov 2019
    Philippines
    JAL
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning hatred, verbal harassment and threats against Rhadem Camlian Morados, including death threats and threats of kidnapping, disseminated on social media on account of his work on sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics and his advocacy as a gay Muslim claiming that his religion is inclusive and affirmative of his sexuality.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    20 Nov 2019
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the treatment and detention conditions of journalist Nguyen Van Hoa and environmental activist Lê Ðình Lu?ng, following their public activism in the aftermath of the Formosa steel plant toxic spill.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
27 Mar 2020
    08 Nov 2019
    Burkina Faso
    JAL
  • executions
  • disappearances
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant des allégations d’usage excessif de la force, d’exécutions arbitraires, de torture et d’enlèvements, ainsi que des destructions de biens culturels, et ce depuis décembre 2018. Ces actes auraient été commis dans le contexte des opérations militaires antiterroristes menées par les Forces de défense et de sécurité (FDS) en réponse aux attaques de groupes non armés dans plusieurs régions du pays. Les opérations des FDS prendraient pour cible principalement la communauté pastorale Peule, une minorité ethnolinguistique représentant 10% de la population burkinabé. En conséquence de ces attaques, de nombreux habitants de ces régions ont dû abandonner leurs villages et sont actuellement déplacés.
Alleged victims: 1008
More details...
07 Jan 2020
13 Feb 2020
    07 Nov 2019
    Maldives
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the launching of investigations against the human rights organisation Maldivian Democracy Network, public calls for its de-registration, as well as the intensified online harassment, intimidation and threats against its staff members, including Ms. Shahindha Ismail and Mr. Mushfiq Mohamed.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
15 Jan 2020
    07 Nov 2019
    India
    JAL
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the denied access to an independent medical examination and lack of investigation into allegations of torture and ill-treatment of Mr. Jagtar Singh Johal, as a result of his detention since in November 2017.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    01 Nov 2019
    China
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
  • torture
We offer the following comments on the effect and application of the Counter-Terrorism Law of the People’s Republic of China (Counter-Terrorism Law) promulgated on 27 December 2015 effective as of 1 January 2016 and its Regional Implementing Measures, the 2016 Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Implementing Measures of the Counter-Terrorism Law of the People's Republic of China.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Dec 2019
    01 Nov 2019
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the continued imprisonment and other human rights violations in prison, including restrictions on religious practices and family visits, against Ms. Hajar Mansoor Hasan, and her cellmate Ms. Medina Ali, as well as the continued imprisonment and deteriorating health of human rights defender Mr. Nabeel Rajab.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
29 Dec 2019
    24 Oct 2019
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, solitary confinement, as well as on-going prosecution of Mr. Junaid Hafeez under blasphemy charges.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    18 Oct 2019
    Germany
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the motion CDU/CSU, SPD, FDP and Bündnis90/Die Grünen “Resisting the BDS Movement with Determination – Combating Anti-Semitism” adopted by the German Bundestag on 17 May 2019, which includes undue restrictions to the rights to freedom of opinion and expression, peaceful assembly and of association.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
14 Jan 2020
    14 Oct 2019
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance and torture of 20 individuals convicted in a mass trial. The individuals were accused of belonging to a terrorist organization under the Act No. 58 of 2006 on the Protection of Society from Terrorist Acts. We received information that, all of the 20 individuals convicted have remained in prison and have exhausted all available domestic remedies. In particular, we are concerned that the allegations of arbitrary arrests, disappearances, and deficiencies in fair trial proceedings have not been addressed by your Excellency’s government to date.
Alleged victims: 20
More details...
    27 Sep 2019
    Nigeria
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning allegations of excessive use of force by Nigerian police officers against members of the Islamic Movement in Nigeria (IMN) during a demonstration in Abuja on 22 July 2019 and during the Ashura processions in different cities of Nigeria on 10 September 2019.
Alleged victims: 88
More details...
    20 Aug 2019
    China
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the alleged police intimidation and harassment since 2005 and subsequent detention on 9 December 2018 of Mr. Wang Yi and Mrs. Jiang Rong, founders of the Early Rain Covenant Church.
Alleged victims: 15
More details...
    19 Aug 2019
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • disability
  • health
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • minority issues
  • older persons
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the risk of forcible closure of an home for older persons and persons with disabilities managed by the Bahá’í community for the past 20 years. Your Excellency’s Government is allegedly involved in attempts to forcibly evict the residents in an attempt to close the nursing home in ways contrary to international human rights law.
Alleged victims: 42
More details...
    16 Aug 2019
    Qatar
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the discriminatory treatment of Bahá'ís in Qatar on the basis of their faith.
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
16 Oct 2019
18 Nov 2019
    22 Jul 2019
    Nicaragua
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • religion or belief
Información recibida relativa a ataques en diferentes iglesias de Nicaragua durante celebraciones religiosas entre junio y julio de 2019. Las celebraciones se llevaron a cabo en conmemoración de algunas víctimas que perdieron su vida durante las protestas y como consecuencia de hechos violentos acaecidos desde el 18 de abril de 2018. En dichas celebraciones participaron familiares de víctimas, personas recientemente liberadas, incluyendo a personas liberadas bajo la Ley de Amnistía (Ley 996) y público en general.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    11 Jul 2019
    Greece
    OL
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the recently adopted law (4609/2019), which regrettably fails to recognize the status of conscientious objectors (COs) to military service in accordance with international human rights standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
14 Aug 2019
    05 Jul 2019
    Germany
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning discriminatory measures against Scientologists on the basis of religious belief.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
02 Sep 2019
    19 Jun 2019
    Ethiopia
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Comments on A Proclamation to Provide for the Prevention and Suppression of Terrorism 2019 (“the Proclamation”), which raises serious concerns regarding a number of human rights and advance my views on this pending legislation, encouraging review and reconsideration of certain key aspects to ensure that new legislation is in compliance with Ethiopia’s international human rights obligations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    29 May 2019
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • cultural rights
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning death threats and incitement to violence by a militant Islamist group against women human rights defender Ms. Sultana Kamal.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    27 May 2019
    Sri Lanka
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • health
  • housing
  • internally displaced persons
  • migrants
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the increasing communal violence targeting the religious minorities in Sri Lanka, and in particular Muslims, as well as the reported acts of violence and intimidation threatening the living and security conditions of refugees and asylum seekers belonging to persecuted minorities.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
29 May 2019
31 Jul 2019
    27 May 2019
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the risk of execution of Dr. Abbas Alabbad as a result of unfair trial and discrimination based on religion.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Jun 2019
    27 May 2019
    India
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
Follow-up letter with the regard to the ongoing process of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) update in the State of Assam and its potential adverse effects on the lives of millions of people, most of whom may belong to minorities.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Aug 2019
02 Sep 2019
02 Sep 2019
02 Sep 2019
    17 May 2019
    Canada
    JOL
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
Informations reçues concernant le projet de Loi sur la laïcité de l’État, déposé le 28 mars 2019 à l’Assemblée nationale du Québec.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
30 Jun 2020
    06 May 2019
    China
    JAL
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the case of prolonged detention of nine Tibetans from Ngawa (Aba), in Sichuan province, who, in December 2016, were sentenced to prison for their participation in celebrations for the Dalai Lama’s 80th birthday in 2015, and their advocacy for the cultural and religious rights of the Tibetan minority in China.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
07 Jun 2019
    29 Apr 2019
    Yemen
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the prosecution’s response towards Mr. Hamid Kamali bin Haydara’s appeal against his death sentence.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    01 Apr 2019
    Brunei Darussalam
    JOL
  • executions
  • religion or belief
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the criminalisation of adultery and consensual same sex relations and the imposition of cruel, inhuman and degrading punishments for such acts, including stoning, whipping and amputation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
08 Apr 2019
    20 Mar 2019
    Belarus
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged imminent deportation of Iranian national Mr Mehrdad Mohammed Jamshidian from Belarus to Iran where he would be at risk of execution and torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
15 May 2019
    13 Feb 2019
    India
    JOL
  • migrants
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the adoption, on 8 January 2019, by the Lok Sabha (House of the People) of the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2016.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    17 Jan 2019
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning threats, including death and rape threats, travel restrictions and other human rights violations against two human rights defenders and allegations regarding further acts of reprisals, including physical abuse in detention against the mother-in-law of a well-known defender who is currently outside the country.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
11 Mar 2019
    20 Dec 2018
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning allegations of arbitrary detention of Mr. Dennis Christensen, Jehovah’s Witnesses, by armed police and agents of the Federal Security Service.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
16 Jan 2019
    20 Dec 2018
    Denmark
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism

Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    19 Dec 2018
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the alleged rise of religious fundamentalism and extremist violence against religious minorities, human rights defenders and secular writers or media workers, as well as the fear of targeted violence against religious minorities in the context of the upcoming general elections.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    13 Dec 2018
    India
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the impending deadline of 31 December 2018 for the closure of the Claims and Objections period with regards to the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in the State of Assam.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Aug 2019
02 Sep 2019
02 Sep 2019
02 Sep 2019
    11 Dec 2018
    India
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the extrajudicial executions of 15 Muslim individuals, in Uttar Pradesh between 2017 and 2018, allegedly killed intentionally by the Police whilst in their custody and then covered up as encounter killings, the failure to conduct adequate investigations into these cases, and the harassment and intimidation of two human rights defenders, involved in promoting an investigation of the cases namely Mr. Rajeev Yadav and Mr. Akram Akhtar Chaudhary, as well as of family members of victims and statements from state government and police officials seemingly inciting, justifying and/or sanctioning the killings.
Alleged victims: 21
More details...
    20 Nov 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning Mr. Mohammad Ali Taheri, who is currently serving a five-year prison sentence for the offence of “spreading corruption on earth”.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Jan 2019
    16 Nov 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the persecution of Mr. Salman al-Awdah, an influential religious figure who has over 14 million followers on Twitter, who is known for his calls for reforms and as an advocate for greater respect of human rights within the framework of the Shari’a law.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
11 Jan 2019
    12 Nov 2018
    China
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the revision of the Xianjian Uyghur Autonomous Region Regulation on De-extremification, which targets Turkic Muslim ethnic, linguistic and religious minorities as well as Kazakh nationals.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    07 Nov 2018
    Republic of Korea
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Follow-up to the communication KOR 2/2018, with regard to the issue of criminalization of conscientious objection
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 Nov 2018
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance and torture of 20 individuals convicted in a mass trial after they were accused of belonging to a terrorist organization.
Alleged victims: 20
More details...
04 Jan 2019
16 Jan 2019
    30 Oct 2018
    Ukraine
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the seizure and vandalism of Ukrainian Orthodox Churches, acts of intimidation and harassment against journalists and the disruption of the All-Ukrainian Cross Procession and violence against peaceful believers.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 May 2019
    12 Oct 2018
    United States of America
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • business
  • disability
  • food
  • health
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • slavery
  • torture
Information received concerning the increased use of immigration detention and the human rights violations committed at the Stewart Immigration Detention Center and the Irwin County Immigration Detention Center, which are privately run by for-profit prison companies “CoreCivic Inc.” and “LaSalle Southwest Corrections”, respectively.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    12 Oct 2018
    Other actors
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • food
  • health
  • migrants
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • slavery
  • torture
Information received concerning human rights violations committed at the Irwin Immigration Detention Center, including the lack of provision of adequate food and water, lack of adequate health care, racial and religious discrimination, solitary confinement as a form of punishment, which may be amounting to cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment, violations of due process guarantees and violations of the right to maintain a family life.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    12 Oct 2018
    Other actors
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • food
  • health
  • migrants
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • slavery
  • torture
Information received concerning human rights violations committed at the Stewart Immigration Detention Center, including the lack of provision of adequate food and water, the lack of adequate health care, racial and religious discrimination, forced labor, solitary confinement as a form of punishment, which may be amounting to cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment, violations of the right to life, of due process guarantees and of the right to maintain a family life.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    12 Oct 2018
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning Ms. Meiliana, who has been convicted of blasphemy and sentenced to 18 months in prison for complaining about the volume of a Muslim call to prayer from a local mosque, and the related attacks to Chinese and Buddhist places of worship.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
16 Oct 2018
    10 Oct 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the arbitrary arrests and detentions of the human rights defenders, Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham, Ms. Samar Badawi, Ms. Nassima Al-Sadah, Ms. Nouf Abdulaziz, Ms. Mayya Al-Zahrani, Ms. Hatoon Al-Fassi.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
29 Oct 2018
29 Jan 2019
    04 Oct 2018
    Algeria
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Informations reçues concernant les barrières administratives et judiciaires auxquelles font face les membres de la minorité chrétienne protestante, notamment, le refus des autorités de statuer sur l’approbation du nouveau Bureau exécutif de l’Église protestante d’Algérie, la fermeture d’Églises protestantes ainsi que les poursuites judiciaires entreprises à l’encontre des leurs membres pour l’importation de matériel religieux chrétien.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    03 Oct 2018
    Other actors
    UA
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the criminal proceedings initiated against over 20 Bahá’í individuals and the subsequent trial that did not meet the guarantees for a fair trial.
Alleged victims: 20
More details...
    28 Sep 2018
    Yemen
    UA
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the criminal proceedings initiated against over 20 Bahá’í individuals and the subsequent trial that did not meet the guarantees for a fair trial.
Alleged victims: 20
More details...
    14 Sep 2018
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the continued criminalization of Jehovah’s Witnesses in the Russian Federation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
05 Oct 2018
    31 Aug 2018
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning continuous harassment and violations of the freedom of religion or belief of independent religious communities in Viet Nam.
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
25 Apr 2019
    31 Aug 2018
    Brazil
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the denial of pastoral agents to officially register and entry into centers of detention to offer religious services to persons deprived of liberty.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
14 Nov 2018
    30 Aug 2018
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • executions
Information received concerning violent attacks against the Ahmadiyya minority in East Lombok.
Alleged victims: 25
More details...
03 Sep 2018
    30 Aug 2018
    Hungary
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning discriminatory measures against the Church of Scientology on the basis of religious belief.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    06 Aug 2018
    China
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the policies and legislation of a two-track passport system, which subjects Tibetans residing in the Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai, Sichuan and Yunnan, to an onerous application process, restricting them from travel for religious purposes, and leaving them at risk of police investigations, interrogations, family home searches and arbitrary detention.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
26 Oct 2018
    26 Jul 2018
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • racism
Information received concerning the detention of five Scientologist leaders in St. Petersburg
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
04 Oct 2018
    23 Jul 2018
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning discriminatory provisions in the Pakistani domestic law and related acts of persecution against the Ahmadiyya minority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 Jul 2018
    17 Jul 2018
    Pakistan
    JOL
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the lack of implementing the Supreme Court decision from 19 June 2014, which requests the Government of Pakistan to take concrete measures to protect members of religious minorities and their places of worship.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
27 Nov 2018
    11 Jul 2018
    Nepal
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the National Integrity and Ethics Policy 2074 (Policy). The Policy emanates from the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers and is pending final approval by the Council of Ministers Cabinet by the end July 2018.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    11 Jun 2018
    India
    JOL
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the National Register of Citizens (NRC), which was due to be updated by 31 May 2018.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Aug 2019
02 Sep 2019
02 Sep 2019
02 Sep 2019
    28 May 2018
    Republic of Korea
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • privacy
Information received concerning the continued criminalization of conscientious objection in South Korea.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Sep 2018
    16 May 2018
    India
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning the imminent threat to life of journalist Ms. Rana Ayyub, stemming from the dissemination of false information online and pursuant death threats as well as the alleged failure by the authorities to provide effective protection.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Dec 2019
    14 May 2018
    Mauritania
    JOL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • cultural rights
Informations reçues la révision de l’article 306 du Code pénal mauritanien. Le projet de loi portant révision du Code pénal a été validé par le Gouvernement le 17 novembre 2017, lors du Conseil des ministres. Le 27 avril 2018, le projet de loi a ensuite été adopté par consensus par l’Assemblée Nationale.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    09 May 2018
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged detention, torture and short-term enforced disappearance of poet Galal el Behairy and the issuance of an arrest warrant against musician Ramy Essam, in connection with their song and video “Balaha” that has been recently released on social media.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
26 Oct 2018
    20 Apr 2018
    Maldives
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the criminal prosecution of Ms. Shahindha Ismail, human rights defender in the Maldives for the legitimate exercise of freedom of expression on Twitter.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Jul 2018
    06 Apr 2018
    Pakistan
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the recent decision of the High Court in Islamabad that ordered obligatory declaration of one’s religion or belief in all official documents
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    27 Mar 2018
    Sri Lanka
    JUA
  • cultural rights
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
Information received in connection with the attacks perpetrated against Muslims by Sinhalese groups between 5 and 8 March 2018 in several locations in Kandy district and the destruction of Muslim owned businesses and houses as well as Muslim places of worship.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    08 Feb 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the imminent execution of Mr. Abbas Haiji A. al-Hassan and fourteen other individuals for charges which do not meet the “most serious crimes” threshold, following trials that allegedly did not meet fair trial and due process guarantees, including allegations of confessions obtained under torture.
Alleged victims: 32
More details...
22 Mar 2018
    07 Feb 2018
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the sentencing to death of Messrs. Mohamed AbdulHasan Ahmed Kadhem AlMutaghawi, Fadhel Sayed Abbas Hassan Radhi and Sayed Alawi Husain Alawi Husain along with three other individuals.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
06 Mar 2018
    02 Feb 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • health
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Information received concerning the sentencing of Pastor Victor Bet Tamraz, Amin Afshar Naderi and Hadi Asgari (three Iranian Christian men) whose final court hearing will take place on Sunday 4 February 2018 at the Revolutionary Court in Tehran.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    01 Feb 2018
    India
    JUA
  • health
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations of torture and ill-treatment of Mr. Jagtar Singh Hawara, in Tihar Jail, Delhi, India.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    29 Jan 2018
    Maldives
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning death threats and harassment of Ms. Shahindha Ismail, a human rights defender in the Maldives.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Jul 2018
    29 Jan 2018
    India
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations of torture and ill-treatment of Mr. Jagtar Singh Johal, in various police stations in the State of Punjab, India.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jan 2018
    Yemen
    JUA
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
Information received concerning the death sentence of Mr. Hamid Kamali bin Haydara.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jan 2018
    Other actors
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
Information received concerning the death sentence of Mr. Hamid Kamali bin Haydara.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    23 Jan 2018
    Thailand
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning arbitrary arrest and detention of Pastor A Ga and his family, facing possible deportation to Viet Nam.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
25 Jan 2018
01 May 2018
    17 Jan 2018
    Eritrea
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • Eritrea
Information received concerning the alleged violent repression of peaceful protests against Government interference at the Al Diaa school in Asmara, Eritrea, on 31 October 2017, and the arbitrary arrest and detention of several people including those linked to the school, protesters and perceived protesters, apparently in reaction to the legitimate exercise of their rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and to freedom of expression.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
21 Feb 2018
    22 Dec 2017
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the members of the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA) and other prominent human rights defenders, religious figures, writers, journalists, academics and other civic activists, whose rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly appear to be severely restricted.
Alleged victims: 19
More details...
22 Mar 2018
    22 Dec 2017
    Mauritania
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • cultural rights
Informations reçues concernant la disparition de M. Cheikh Ould Mohamed M’kheitir depuis le 9 novembre 2017 et la procédure pénale engagée contre lui.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Jan 2018
    01 Dec 2017
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • health
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning serious deterioration in health of Ayatollah Sheikh Isa Qassim and restrictions on his access to medical care to the point that his life is endangered and his continuing house arrest.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
13 Dec 2017
    13 Nov 2017
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the alleged kidnapping and possible harm of Amnah AlJuaid, in connection with policies discriminating against women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
04 Jan 2018
    16 Oct 2017
    Eritrea
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • religion or belief
  • Eritrea
Information received concerning the continued detention of Patriarch Abune Antonios of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewhado Church in Asmara, Eritrea. Abune Antonios (Patriarch Antonios) was the subject of two previous joint urgent appeals sent on 30 May 2007 (ERI 2/2007) and 19 July 2012 (ERI 1/2012). We regret that we have yet to receive a reply from your Government on any of the urgent appeals
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    21 Sep 2017
    Viet Nam
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the arrest and incommunicado detention of Mr. Nguyen Bac Truyen, Mr. Truong Minh Duc; Mr. Nguyen Trung Ton, Mr. Pham Van Troi and Mr. Nguyen Van Truc, as well as of Mr. Le Dinh Duong, allegedly in relation to their activities as human rights defenders and pro-democracy activists.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
05 Jan 2018
    15 Sep 2017
    Nepal
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning provisions relating to the freedom of religion or belief and freedom of opinion and expression in the recent “Bill designed to amend and intergrate prevalent laws relating to Criminal Offense”.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    29 Aug 2017
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Information received concerning Seyed Hossein Kazemeini Boroujerdi, an Iranian cleric, who has been placed under house arrest without a judicial order since he was released from prison on temporary medical leave on 4 January, and who is reportedly facing continued intimidation and death threats by Iranian authorities.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    25 Aug 2017
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged torture and death in custody of Mr Nguyen Huu Tan, an independent Hoa Hao Buddhist, at the Temporary Detention Centre of Vinh Long Provincial Police Department and the alleged threats and intimidation against his family after his death.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Nov 2017
    19 Aug 2017
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • migrants
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the adverse situation and the violations of human rights of Qatari migrants in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, as well as Saudi Arabian migrants in the State of Qatar as a result of the Saudi Arabian government’s decision to suspend ties with the State of Qatar.
Alleged victims: 12409
More details...
12 Dec 2017
    18 Aug 2017
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Information received about the transfer of 53 political prisoners from hall 12 to hall 10 of ward 4 of the prison, after which they went on a joint hunger strike and up to 14 prisoners were transferred to solitary confinement.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    28 Jul 2017
    India
    JUA
  • executions
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the alleged attacks on Muslims and Dalits by “cow protector” vigilante groups, acting against beef consumption, including killings of at least 10 Muslim persons since 2015 and injuries to many other Muslim and Dalit individuals.
Alleged victims: 10
More details...
    19 Jul 2017
    Sri Lanka
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning alleged ongoing attacks, violence and harassment against Evangelical Christian communities in Sri Lanka.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    19 Jul 2017
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, detention and deportation of numerous Uyghr students and their family members.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Sep 2017
    19 Jul 2017
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the arrest, detention and deportation of numerous Uyghr students and their family members.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
19 Sep 2017
    11 Jul 2017
    Kenya
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning a persisting trend of extrajudicial executions by Kenyan police and other security agencies.
Alleged victims: 489
More details...
    28 Jun 2017
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • cultural rights
Information received concerning the alleged harassment and death threats received by Mr. Rana Tanveer, These actions appear to be closely related to his activities as a minority rights defender.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    28 Jun 2017
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • religion or belief
  • women in law and in practice
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning the alleged threats of arrest, exile and violence by a fundamentalist group called Hefazat-e-Islam Dhaka City Committee, received by Ms. Sultana Kamal, human rights defender, and the recent request from a Supreme Court lawyer to arrest her for having allegedly hurt the religious feelings of the Muslim majority in the country.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    14 Jun 2017
    Serbia
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the alleged destruction of a mezhdit (house of God) of a small Muslim Ashkali community, and physical threats and violence against individuals during the course of the demolition operation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    13 Jun 2017
    Sri Lanka
    JUA
  • minority issues
  • cultural rights
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning alleged attacks and violence against Muslims in Sri Lanka since April 2017, including attacks against businesses, places of worship, property and homes. It is alleged that such violent incidents have been instigated by the Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) leadership, including as a result of inflammatory anti-Muslim rhetoric used by BBS Secretary General Mr. Galagoda Gnanasara Thero, in his recent speeches.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
15 Jun 2017
    29 May 2017
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Information received concerning the arrest,detention and conviction of members of the Bahá’í community in Iran as well as attacks on their property, sealing of their shops, exclusion from universities and threats.
Alleged victims: 41
More details...
21 Aug 2017
12 Oct 2017
06 Dec 2017
    22 May 2017
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations of severe infringements on the right to life, the right not to be subjected to torture and ill-tretament, the rights to freedom of religion or belief, freedom of expression, freedom of peaceful assembly and freedom of association in Bahrain.
Alleged victims: 14
More details...
20 Jul 2017
    19 May 2017
    Other actors
    UA
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning escalation of religious persecution of Yemeni Bahá’ís through arrest orders, court summons, detention and disappearances.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    19 May 2017
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • international order
Information received concerning the recent blasphemy conviction and imprisonment of Mr. Basuki Tjahaja Purnama.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 May 2017
21 May 2017
    18 May 2017
    Yemen
    UA
  • religion or belief
information received concerning escalation of religious persecution of Yemeni Bahá’ís through arrest orders, court summons, detention and disappearances.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    09 May 2017
    United States of America
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning intensified screening of travelers at the United States border, leading to undue and discriminatory interference with the rights to freedom of expression and privacy of travelers based on their religious affiliation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
14 Sep 2017
    08 May 2017
    Egypt
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • internally displaced persons
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • cultural rights
Information received concerning attacks against Coptic Christians and the State of Emergency declared recently in Egypt.
Alleged victims: 171
More details...
    05 May 2017
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • cultural rights
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the killing of Mr. Mashal Khan, a 25-year-old journalism student at Abdul Wali Khan University in Mardan, at the hands of a mob numbering in the hundreds, after having been accused of “blasphemy”.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Jul 2017
    04 May 2017
    Maldives
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the killing of Mr. Yameen Rasheed, a 29-year-old human rights defender, blogger and well-known social media activist in the Maldives.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    27 Apr 2017
    Nigeria
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
In this connection, we would like to bring to the attention of your Government information we have received concerning the White Paper on the report of the Judicial Commission of Inquiry into the clashes between the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN) and the Nigerian Army (NA) in Zaria, Kaduna State, between Saturday 12 and Monday 14 December 2015, issued on 5 December 2016 (hereafter “The White Paper”), and in particular some findings and recommendations by the Commission.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    18 Apr 2017
    Other actors
    JOL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Transmission to the President of the ECOSOC, of a letter sent on 5 April 2017 to the Chair of the Committee on NGOs of the Economic and Social Councilabout the decision of the NGOs Committee not to grant ECOSOC’s consultative status to the non-governmental organization Christian Solidarity Worldwide (CSW), as well as the Committee’s working methods.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    13 Apr 2017
    Brazil
    JOL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning two Projects of Law (PL), PL 867/2015 and PL 193/2016, called the federal “School Without Party Programme” bills, which contain provisions that unduly restrict the right to freedom of expression of students and teachers in Brazil.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Jun 2017
    06 Apr 2017
    Algeria
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Informations reçues concernant des perquisitions et poursuites judiciaires à l’encontre des membres de la communauté Ahmadiyya en Algérie ainsi que les allégations d’arrestations et de détention arbitraires à leur encontre.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Jun 2017
    05 Apr 2017
    Other actors
    JOL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the decision of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) not to grant ECOSOC’s consultative status to the non-governmental organization Christian Solidarity Worldwide (CSW), as well as the Committee’s working methods.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Apr 2017
    04 Apr 2017
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Information received concerning the death sentence issued by Tehran Revolutionary Court against Ms. Marjan Davari, a researcher and translator.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
08 Aug 2017
15 Mar 2018
    30 Mar 2017
    Sudan
    JUA
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • Sudan
Information received concerning threats against Ms. Shamael Al-Nur, a journalist, by radical Islamists.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
18 Jul 2017
    23 Mar 2017
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the Government’s recent lawsuit to liquidate the Administrative Center of Jehovah’s Witnesses in St. Petersburg and to ban the religious activities of Jehovah’s Witnesses in the Russian Federation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 May 2017
    08 Feb 2017
    Nigeria
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary detention of Mr. Ibrahim Al-Zakzaky and his wife Zeinat Al-Zakzaky, since 14 December 2015.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    31 Jan 2017
    United States of America
    JUA
  • migrants
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • arbitrary Detention
Information received concerning the Executive Order of 27 January 2017 which inter alia stops the entire US refugee programme for 120 days, indefinitely bans Syrian refugees, and suspends all nationals from entering the United States of America from seven Muslim-majority countries: Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
20 Apr 2017
    29 Dec 2016
    Egypt
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the new Law on construction and renovation of churches and the attacks against Christians, including the latest bombing at St Mark’s Coptic Orthodox Cathedral compound.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Dec 2016
    Uzbekistan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning disruption of peaceful religious gatherings in private homes, severe censorship of any religious content and confiscation of religious materials in Uzbekistan, leading to undue restrictions on the rights to freedom of religion, freedom of expression and freedom of peaceful assembly.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
20 Feb 2017
    16 Dec 2016
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the increased discriminatory restrictions imposed against the Ahmadis since the establishment of National Action Plan, recent raids of Ahmadiyya offices in Rabwah, the attack of the Ahmadiyya mosque in Dulmihal and open incitement to persecution of Ahmadis by clerics.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    16 Dec 2016
    Myanmar
    JAL
  • education
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • Myanmar
Information received concerning measures that may amount to systematic discrimination against religious minorities, particularly the Rohingya Muslims, including arbitrary restrictions on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and to manifest one’s religion or belief in worship, obervance, practice and teaching.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
11 Apr 2017
    12 Dec 2016
    China
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the detention and surveillance of Ms. Nyima Lhamo and Ms. Dolkar Lhamo, women human rights defenders and relatives of late Tenzin Delek, and the criminalization of the legitimate exercise of rights of monks and local people in Lithang and Nyakchuka to freedom of expression, freedom of religion and freedom of peaceful assembly.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    01 Dec 2016
    Afghanistan
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning deliberate sectarian attacks at the minority Shia Muslims.
Alleged victims: 695
More details...
    29 Nov 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Information received concerning the serious health status of Mr. Mohammed Ali Taheri.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
08 Feb 2017
    29 Nov 2016
    Azerbaijan
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information received concerning disruption of religious services of Jehovah’s Witnesses and police interference with publicly manifesting belief in Azerbaijan.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Jan 2017
    28 Nov 2016
    Mauritania
    JUA
  • cultural rights
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Informations reçues concernant les poursuites pénales à l’encontre de M. Cheikh Ould Mohamed M’kheitir pour « apostasie », un crime passible de la peine de mort en Mauritanie
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    07 Nov 2016
    China
    JAL
  • cultural rights
  • environment
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning severe restrictions of religious freedom in Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture: mass expulsion of religious practitioners from Larung Gar and Yachen Gar, demolitions of monastic homes in Larung Gar and the cultural and environmental impacts of the mining activities at the Holy Gong-ngon Lari Mountain as well as excessive use of force against, and arbitrary arrest and detention of, peaceful protestors.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
05 Dec 2016
    01 Nov 2016
    Viet Nam
    UA
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning numerous cases harassment and violations of the freedom of religion or belief of independent religious communities in Viet Nam.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Jan 2017
    31 Oct 2016
    Greece
    AL
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the prosecution and punishment of persons who refuse to perform the compulsory military service based on reasons of conscientious objections, including Mr. Petros Sotiropoulos.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    30 Sep 2016
    Yemen
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the arrest of sixty individuals attending a youth event organized by the Yemeni Bahá'í community and the indictment and deferred trial of Mr. Hamid Kamali (Hamid Kamali Bin Haydara) since 3 December 2013.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    16 Sep 2016
    Jordan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • cultural rights
Information received concerning the criminalization of expression through the arrest and detention of Mr. Nahed Hattar, writer and journalist, for publications made on social media.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    15 Sep 2016
    Oman
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning allegations regarding criminalization of expression through the conviction of Mr. Hassan al-Basham, human rights defender and former diplomat, for posts made on social media in Oman.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
11 Nov 2016
    10 Aug 2016
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning systematic persecution and repression of the Shias in Bahrain through undue restrictions to their rights to freedom of religion or belief, freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, including: dissolution of Al-Wefaq National Islamic Society, shutting down of faith based organizations, restriction on the practice of Khums, harassment of Shia clerics, restrictions on Friday Prayers and peaceful assembly, denaturalization of Ayatollah Sheikh Isa Qassim and other Shias, discriminatory treatment of Dr. Abduljalil Al-Singace in prison and the travel ban imposed on Sheikh Maytham Al-Salman.
Alleged victims: 28
More details...
09 Sep 2016
22 Sep 2016
    28 Jul 2016
    Russian Federation
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the recently adopted amendments to the Criminal Code and other laws, collectively known as the “Yarovaya Law,” which raise concerns about potential interference with the exercise of the right to freedom of opinion and expression both within and outside Russia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Oct 2016
    20 Jun 2016
    Singapore
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Information we have received concerning the trial of a 17 year old blogger.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
01 Dec 2016
    03 Jun 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Information received concerning growing incitement of hatred against the Baha’i citizens in Iran and multiple human rights violations apparently targetting the religious practices of the Baha’i community.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
    30 May 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • cultural rights
  • religion or belief
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
In this connection, we would like to draw the attention of your Excellency’s Government to information we have received regarding the alleged patterns of continuous discrimination against the Bahá'í population in Iran, which are undermining human rights in the areas of religion and culture. Such discrimination, inter alia, takes the form of destruction of sites, including cemeteries, which are of fundamental historical, religious and cultural significance for the Bahá'ís. The desecration of the Bahá'í cemetery in Shiraz was the subject of two joint urgent appeals sent on 8 May 2014 (see A/HRC/27/72 , case no. IRN 8/2014) and on 20 August 2014 (see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 17/2014) by the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Special Rapporteur on minority issues. We acknowledge receipt of the response of your Excellency’s Government. SUMMARY : Alleged patterns of continuous discrimination against the Bahá’í community in Iran, inter alia, through the destruction of historical and religious sites. According to the information received, the Bahá’í population of Iran has experienced a long history of discrimination, which is undermining their human rights in the area of religion and culture. Since 1979, numerous sites of historical, cultural and religious significance, including cemeteries, have been seized, desecrated and destroyed. Despite the importance of these sites, no consultation process about the closure of some of these cemeteries involved the affected families and co-religionists. Efforts of the Bahá’ís to redress the destruction of their cultural heritage and bring the perpetrators to justice have been unsuccessful to date. The desecration of the Bahá’í cemetery in Shiraz was subject of two previous communications sent on 8 May 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 8/2014; and on 20 August 2014, see A/HRC/28/85.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    27 May 2016
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • violence against women
Alleged arbitrary detention of a Lutheran pastor and harassment and torture of his wife, in Gia Lai province, Vietnam. According to the information received, Pastor Nguyen Cong Chinh was arrested on 28 April 2011, repeatedly tortured and sentenced to 11 years in prison for “undermining national unity policy”. He remains in prison. On 14 April 2016, Mrs. Tran Thi Hong, his wife, was arrested for several hours and tortured by the police, who tried to force her to provide information on a meeting she had held on 30 April 2016 with the Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom of the United States of America. She is regularly subjected to surveillance and harassment by the police. Despite Mr. Nguyen Cong Chinh’s attempts to have the Lutheran American-Vietnamese Protestant Church registered according to Vietnamese law, its application was rejected in 2010.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
13 Apr 2017
    11 May 2016
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Allegations concerning the criminalization of a Hindu community and decision to demolish Hindu temples in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. According to the information received, on 17 September 2015, the district court of Vetluzhsky, Nizhny Novgorod Region, ruled that three Hindu temples located in the district were “unauthorized construction” and ordered their demolition. On 22 December 2015, the decision was confirmed by the Appeals Court. The demolition order reportedly follows a series of attempts by the Government to put a halt to the activities of the Hindu community in Vetluzhsky, including through the initiation of criminal action against their members and the raiding of their premises based on Article 239 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (‘Creating a religious or public association, whose activities involve violence against citizens or somehow harm their health, as well as managing such an association’). It is reported that, as a result of the difficulties to exercise their religious freedom in the Russian Federation, the monks have left the country and continue their religious activities abroad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
20 Jul 2016
    22 Apr 2016
    Kuwait
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Allegations of intimidation of a woman human rights defender. According to the information received, on 8 March 2016, Ms. Shaikha Binjasim, an advocate for freedom of conscience and speech, stated in an interview on a Kuwaiti television channel that “anyone who believes that the Quran, or sharia, or the interpretations of these religious texts are above the Constitution is betraying the State of Kuwait.” On 14 March 2016, she was called for questioning by the public prosecutor, accused of contempt of religion, and released the same day. Concern is expressed at the alleged intimidation of Ms. Binjasim for her exercise of the right to freedom of opinion and expression in Kuwait.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
27 Apr 2016
09 Jun 2016
    18 Apr 2016
    Malaysia
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning forced religious conversion of children, denial of the right to access to justice and to a remedy by their mothers as well of their equal rights and responsibilities in matters relating to their children. According to the information received, in the cases of Ms. X and Ms. Y, the religious conversion of their husbands to Islam had legal consequences, resulting in the violation of their equal rights and responsibilities on matters related to their children, including their custody, as well as their access to justice and their right to a remedy. In the case of Ms. Y, the failure of the High Court, while deciding the custody of the children, to recognize and consider her history of abuse by her former husband as well as the alleged violent abduction of her son by him, combined with the inaction of the authorities to act, raises concern as it may justify and legitimize acts of gender-based violence. In both cases, judicial decisions undermine the primacy of constitutional laws over religious and customary laws, due to the existence of an inconsistent dual legal system, resulting in violations of women’s rights to equality in law, their right to remedy and non-discrimination in marriage and family relationships.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
23 Feb 2017
    01 Apr 2016
    Yemen
    UA
  • religion or belief
Alleged arrest, detention and charges brought against a Bahá’í follower based on his religion of belief. According to the information received, on 8 January 2015, the Specialized Criminal Prosecution of Yemen indicted Mr. Hamid Kamali (also known as Hamed Kamal bin-Haydara) for “compromising the independence of the Republic of Yemen”, reportedly in relation to his work for the Universal House of Justice, the supreme governing institution of the Bahá’ís based in Israel. Mr. Kamali was also accused of spreading the Bahá’í faith in the Republic of Yemen. On 8 March 2015, at his first hearing, Mr. Kamali denied all charges against him and his case was adjourned to 4 April 2015, and subsequently to 8 November 2015. At that hearing, the judge allegedly rejected evidence of torture that Mr. Kamali had been subjected to while he was under the jurisdiction of the National Security Agency. However, following the request of his lawyer, Mr. Kamali was released on bail on medical grounds. On 12 February 2016, Mr. Kamali appeared in a closed hearing where the General Prosecutor pursued the maximum punishment for the charges brought against him, namely execution and asset forfeiture. The next court hearing was set for 3 April 2016. This case was the subject of a previous communication sent on 15 October 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. YEM 5/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    19 Feb 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged mass conviction of Baha’is for peaceful exercise of their right to freedom of religion, expression and association. According to the information received, on 5 January 2016, Branch 2 of the Revolutionary Court in the city of Gorgan, Golestan Province of Iran, sentenced 24 Iranian Baha’is (Shahnam Jazbani, 48 years old; Sheida Ghoddousi, 47 years old; Farahnaz Tebyanian, 48 years old; Pouneh Sanaie, 43 years old; Parisa Shahidi, 46 years old; Mona Amri, 32 years old; Mojdeh Zohouri Golkenari, 43 years old; Behnam Hasani, 42 years old; Hona Aghighian, 53 years old; Hona Koushk-Baghi, 37 years old; Bita Hedayati, 45 years old; Vesagh Sanaie, 39 years old; Shohreh Samimi, 41 years old; Tina Mowhebati, 21 years old; Parivash Shojaie, 37 years old; Roufia Pakzadan, 27 years old; Nazi Tahghighi Hesari, 50 years old; Soudabeh Mehdinejad Behnamiri, 42 years old; Mitra Nouri, 55 years old; Shiva Rowhani, 45 years old; Navid Moallem, 47 years old; Houshmand Dehghan, 46 years old; Karmilia Bidelian, 42 years old; Maryam Dehghan, 60 years old) to lengthy prison sentences, ranging from 6 to 11 years. The Revolutionary Court reportedly convicted them for violating the country’s national security laws, especially articles 498, 499, 500 and 508 of the Islamic Penal Code. Concern is expressed that the arrest, detention and sentencing of the 24 aforementioned Baha’is may be solely related to the peaceful exercise of their right to freedom of religion, expression and association.
Alleged victims: 24
More details...
26 May 2016
    02 Feb 2016
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the reported abduction and subsequent forced conversion and marriage of a 15 year old Hindu girl, in Allah Dino Magsi Village, Qambar Shahdadkot, Sindh province. On 19 April 2015, six men allegedly kidnapped a 15 year old girl in her home at 1 p.m. in front of her parents. Thereafter her parents reportedly tried to register a First Information Report at the police station on several occasions but were repeatedly sent away. On 25 April 2015, a statement from the girl was reportedly published in a newspaper in which she declared that she was 22 years old, had converted to Islam, changed her name and had married a boy. The parents allegedly brought the case to the Session Court of Qambar Shahdadkot, Larkana, which decided on 2 June 2015 to have the girl placed in a shelter called Dar-ul-Aman and have her age determined. One of the alleged perpetrators reportedly filed an application before the High Court Sindh, Circuit Court, Larkana to challenge the decision of the judge from the Session Court. On 24 June 2015, the High Court allegedly judged that the girl was an adult under Sharia law and suspended the decision of the Session Court thus sending her back to live with the aforementioned boy.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    20 Jan 2016
    Sudan
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • minority issues
  • Sudan
Allegations concerning a trial in Sudan against 22 Muslim men and three children for apostasy. According to the information received, 27 persons (24 male adults and three male children) were arrested in Khartoum on 2 and 3 November 2015 on the charge of apostasy, which is punishable by death under article 126 of the Sudanese criminal code. On 30 November 2015, the three boys, who had been held in custody together with adults, were released by the Khartoum Criminal Court on the condition that they attend the upcoming trial. On 9 December 2015, the Court released two of the men due to insufficient evidence. On 14 December 2015, the remaining 22 adult males were released on bail pending the next hearing, to be held on 9 February 2016. The 25 defendants follow an interpretation of Islam different from the Government-supported denomination and deny the charges of apostasy filed against them.
Alleged victims: 25
More details...
29 Apr 2016
    29 Dec 2015
    Germany
    AL
  • religion or belief
Allegations concerning the removing of 42 children of members of the Twelve Tribes religious community in Bavaria. According to the information received, on 5 September 2013, around 100 police officers and 50 youth workers raided two locations of the Twelve Tribes religious community in Klosterzimmern and Woernitz, Bavaria, and removed 42 children from 13 families. The authorities reportedly justified their actions by pointing to the need of protecting the children from corporal punishment, which the Twelve Tribes openly admits to apply as part of their Bible-based education. Members of the Twelve Tribes also complained about excessive restrictions to their rights as parents after the court decision to remove the children from their custody.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
08 Mar 2016
    29 Dec 2015
    Djibouti
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégations concernant l’usage excessif et de manière indiscriminée de la force par les forces de sécurité, dans le cadre d’affrontements entre des manifestants et les autorités. Selon les informations reçues, le 21 décembre 2015, des affrontements auraient éclaté suite à la tentative des forces de police de disperser une cérémonie religieuse. Les forces de sécurité auraient répondu en faisant un usage excessif et aveugle de la force en ouvrant le feu, tuant au moins 27 personnes et blessant 150 autres. Le même jour, des forces de sécurité auraient violemment interrompu une réunion pacifique de l’opposition politique, l’Union pour le Salut National, organisée suite à ces événements. Plusieurs dirigeants auraient été violemment battus et blessés par des tirs de balles en résine de 6mm, dont M. Houssein Robleh qui serait actuellement hospitalisé dans l’Hôpital Militaire Français Bouffard à Djibouti dans un état grave. Le personnel médical aurait indiqué qu’il nécessiterait une évacuation rapide dans un autre pays pour suivre des traitements urgents. La rétention, par les autorités djiboutiennes, du passeport de M. Robleh empêcherait son évacuation urgente pour raison médicales.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
11 Jan 2016
    11 Dec 2015
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of arbitrary convictions and sentences of two bloggers and human rights defenders, including corporal punishment. According to the information received, in 2014, Mr. Raef Badawi and Mr. Milif bin Daham al Shammari were sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment and 1000 lashes, and two years’ imprisonment and 200 lashes, respectively. Both sentences were upheld on appeal. The individuals remain in detention and may be publicly flogged at any time. Mr. Badawi was the subject of five previous communications sent on 12 July 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. SAU 9/2012; 31 January 2014, see A/HRC/26/21, case no. SAU 2/2014; 31 October 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. SAU 13/2014; 22 January 2015, case no. SAU 1/2015, see A/HRC/29/50; and 12 June 2015, see A/HRC/31/79, case no. SAU 3/2015. Mr. Badawi was also the subject of Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Opinion No. 38/2015 issued on 4 September 2015, see A/HRC/WGAD/2015/38. Mr. Al Shammari was the subject of five previous communications sent on 1 March 2012, see A/HRC/20/30, case no. SAU 6/2012; 3 May 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. SAU 7/2012; 12 July 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. SAU 9/2012; 12 September 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. SAU 8/2013; and 8 December 2014, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. SAU 14/2014.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    11 Dec 2015
    Republic of Korea
    AL
  • religion or belief
Alleged imprisonment of conscientious objectors in South Korea. According to the information received, at least 600 conscientious objectors are currently in prison in South Korea for refusing to undergo compulsory military service. The Military Service Act establishes a compulsory military service for all males aged between 18 and 35, which lasts between 21 and 24 months. Contrary to recommendations made by the United Nations Human Rights Committee and the South Korean National Human Rights Commission, South Korea does not offer an alternative civil service to compulsory military service, and the refusal to undertake the service is punished with up to three years´ imprisonment and lifetime exclusion from public employment.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 Feb 2016
    08 Dec 2015
    Tunisia
    AL
  • religion or belief
Allégation de suspensions multiples d’une hôtesse de l’air à Tunisair pour avoir porté son voile au travail. Selon les informations reçues, Madame Nebiha Jallouli, en sa qualité de Chef de Cabine, a été suspendue par le commandant de bord qui a refusé qu’elle assure sa mission en raison de son voile. Le 10 septembre 2015, Mme Jallouli a déposé une plainte contre Tunisair devant le Tribunal Administratif. La section de l’emploi du Tribunal administratif a délivré un jugement en référé, le 19 septembre 2015, faisant injonction à Tunisair de permette à Mme Jallouli de reprendre ses fonctions, et de lui verser toutes ses rémunérations et indemnités. Tunisair continuerait, cependant, et malgré cette décision de justice, à exclure Mme Jallouli des plannings des vols et continuerait à bloquer son salaire. Le 29 octobre 2015, Mme Jallouli a été entendue par le conseil de discipline au sujet du port du voile. Elle risquerait, selon ses dires, d’être suspendue pour une durée d’un mois, comme sanction disciplinaire.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
11 Apr 2016
    03 Dec 2015
    Kuwait
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • health
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention, initially incommunicado, torture and ill-treatment, including forced confessions, denial of access to adequate medical treatment and services, and religious intolerance, including at least two instances of denial of religious practice in detention, of 8 Kuwaiti citizens by Kuwaiti security forces. According to the information received, Mr. Hasan Al Attar, Mr. Jassim Mohamed Ghadanfari, Mr. Abdul Mohsen AlShatti, Mr. Hasan Ali Jamal, Mr. Mohamed Jasim al-Meraj, Mr. Hasan Abdulhadi Hajih, Mr. Mohammed al-Husaini, and Mr. Abdulla al-Husain were all arrested, separately, in August 2015, and transferred to the State Security detention centre where they were held incommunicado and allegedly tortured for several days. Following forced confessions, they were transferred to the Central Prison of Kuwait. Several of them were reportedly denied access to a lawyer.
Alleged victims: 8
More details...
17 Dec 2015
21 Jan 2016
    30 Nov 2015
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • cultural rights
Allegations concerning the imposition of the death sentence following an unfair trial against a poet of Palestinian origin in Saudi Arabia. According to the information received, on 25 May 2014, Mr. Ashraf Fayadh was sentenced to four years imprisonment and 800 lashes for allegedly having committed apostasy. The prosecution appealed the verdict and, on 17 November 2015, the General Court of Abha sentenced Mr. Fayadh to death under the same charge. Mr. Fayadh, who had no legal representation during the judicial proceedings, was given 30 days to appeal the sentence. He remains in detention.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
04 Mar 2016
    27 Nov 2015
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary detention and prosecution of the Secretary General of the main opposition political party in Bahrain, Al-Wefaq National Islamic Society, and a well-known religious figure in the country. According to the information received, on 28 December 2014, Sheikh Ali al Salman was arrested two days after his re-election as Secretary General of Al-Wefaq. On 16 June 2015, he was sentenced to four years imprisonment on charges including inciting change of regime by non-peaceful means and insulting the Ministry of Interior. After several appeal hearings were postponed, an appeal hearing is scheduled for 14 December 2015. Grave concern is expressed at allegations that Sheikh Al Salman is being detained for the expression of his political views and opinions, as political opposition leader and a Shi’a religious figure. Sheikh Al Salman was the subject of a previous communication sent on 16 January 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. BHR 1/2015.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
12 Dec 2015
    26 Nov 2015
    China
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged demolition of 37 Christian Catholic and Protestant churches, removal of over 500 churches in Zhejiang Province and enforced disappearance of a Pastor for protesting against the planned demolition of a church. According to the information received, since October 2013, the Zheijang provincial Government systematically removed and destroyed Christian symbols and places of worship in an attempt to reduce the visibility of the Christian religion. Pastor Huang Yizi was arrested and sentenced to one year imprisonment for publicly opposing the demolition of a church in Wenzhou, Zheijang´s biggest city. It is reported that he was repeatedly tortured while in custody. He was released on 1 August 2015 after serving his sentence, but arrested again on 12 September 2015. Authorities acknowledged the arrest but have kept him incommunicado and concealed his fate and whereabouts.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
22 Jan 2016
    24 Nov 2015
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • cultural rights
Allegations concerning the killing of a Bangladeshi publisher and writer as well as of violent attacks against another publisher. According to the information received, on 31 October 2015, Mr. Faisal Arefin Dipan, a Bangladeshi publisher and writer, was murdered at his publishing house in Dhaka. He had recently published books by the secular writer and blogger Mr. Avijit Roy who was murdered in February 2015. Earlier that day Mr. Ahmedur Rashid Tutul, another Bangladeshi publisher, was the victim of a violent attack, which left him injured and hospitalized. Mr. Tutul had published four of Mr. Roy’s books. It is reported that the responsibility for these attacks has been claimed by the armed group Ansar al-Islam, Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS). Concern is expressed at what appears to be a pattern of violence and intimidation against secular writers, publishers, bloggers/journalists and other intellectuals in the country, ostensibly in response to the exercise of their human right to freedom of expression and freedom of thought, conscience and religion or belief. A previous related communication was sent on 30 April 2015, see A/HRC/30/27, case no. BGD 2/2015.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
25 Nov 2015
    11 Nov 2015
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged persecution of Jehovah´s Witnesses in the Russian Federation. According to the information received, 16 Jehovah’s Witnesses are currently on trial for their religious activities, all religious literature produced by Jehovah´s Witnesses is banned from online access and importation, and their international website has been blocked. The Government, backed by a decision of the Supreme Court of 2 December 2015, considers Jehovah’s Witnesses an “extremist” organization. It has criminalized all of its activities, including organizing and attending religious services, and its doctrine, liquidated local Jehovah’s Witnesses groups, prosecuted and convicted its leaders, seized shipments of religious books and ordered all Internet providers to block access to the official international website of Jehovah´s Witnesses.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
21 Dec 2015
    11 Nov 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged imminent executions of two men who were under the age of 18 at the time of the alleged offences and of one political activist in Iran, following repeated torture during detention and the extraction of confessions under torture and after trials that did not comply with due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, Mr. Mohammad Ali Zehi is currently imprisoned in Adelabad Prison, where he is to be executed for his alleged involvement in drug trafficking for activities that occurred when he was under the age of 18. Mr. Milad Azimi was convicted for allegedly causing death by stabbing in a fight that the court has acknowledged occurred when he was 17 years old. Mr. Shahram Ahmadi was convicted of “waging war against God” through “links to Salafi groups” and “propaganda against the system, through participating in ideological and political classes and possessing, selling, and buying books and CDs of speeches related to Sunni beliefs.” He is being held in Raja’i Shahr Prison. All three men are at risk of imminent execution.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
18 Apr 2016
04 May 2016
    06 Nov 2015
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged attacks by protesters on, as well as Government-enforced closure and demolition of, Christian Catholic and Protestant churches in Aceh Singkil Province, Indonesia. According to the information received, on 12 October 2015, the Government decided to close down 10 churches. On 13 October 2015, a large number of anti-Christian protesters gathered outside a Christian Protestant church in Suka Makur village. The protest turned violent and the church was burnt down. Protesters then attempted to attack another church in Dangguran village, but the police and the military intervened and protected the church. One protester was killed in the resulting confrontation. The attacks on churches have caused the internal displacement of around 4,000 Christians, who have fled to the neighbouring province North Sumatra. Some of the internally displaced persons have returned to Aceh Province, but the situation is still tense and the Christian community fear further attacks.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    30 Oct 2015
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • poverty
  • cultural rights
Alleged patterns of continuous discrimination against Shia citizens, including through cultural, economic, educational and social government policies in Bahrain since 2011. According to the information received, peaceful protestors and other Shia citizens have experienced excessive use of force during and after the protests of 2011, with Shia religious clergy being particularly targeted. Government violence has also led to the destruction of many Shia mosques and sites of religious and cultural significance and of other signs of Shia presence in the country. The official historical narrative which systematically undermines the role of Baharna and Shia religious and cultural heritage in the country is also promoted in the official school curricula and media. Shia citizens allegedly also experience discrimination in access to citizenship, public sector employment and government social policies, particularly housing and welfare programs, making them more vulnerable to poverty. Various aspects of this situation, including the destruction of two mosques and withdrawal of citizenship, have already been raised in previous communications sent on 5 may 2011, see A/HRC/18/51, case no. BHR 8/2011, and on 29 November 2012, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. BHR 12/2012.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 Dec 2015
01 Feb 2016
    29 Oct 2015
    Croatia
    JAL
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged increasing number of cases of ethnically motivated incidents, including hate speech and intolerance directed against the Serbian minority in Croatia. According to the information received, there has been an increased use of the Ustasha salute and symbols, and other graffiti with pro-Nazi, anti-Serb intent, and documented instances of severe hate speech that incite physical violence, as well as violent physical attacks on individuals and attacks on property, including sites of religious or historical significance, on the basis of Serbian ethnicity. The Croatian authorities have reportedly failed to effectively and systematically condemn such incidents.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Jan 2016
    14 Oct 2015
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • cultural rights
Alleged destruction of various Mosques and sites of religious, historical and cultural importance in Saudi Arabia. According to the information received, Government authorities have destroyed many sites linked with important religious and historical figures all over the country, which are considered by many Muslim believers, especially Shias and Sufis, as significant sites for their cultural and religious identity. It is alleged that the destructions have been continuous over years in an effort to prohibit religious practices that are not recognized by the country’s dominant interpretation of Islam, in violation of international human rights standards relating to the right to freedom of religion and belief and the right to take part in cultural life, including the right to have access to and enjoy cultural heritage.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Oct 2015
30 Jun 2016
    13 Oct 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • health
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations concerning the deteriorating health conditions of a political prisoner. According to the information received, Mr. Mohammed Ali Taheri, who has been sentenced to death for “corruption on earth”, is currently engaged in a hunger strike that is approaching two months in length. He is protesting the illegitimacy of the crime he was convicted of as well as the deprivation of due process in the case and for the subsequent appeal. Mr. Taheri’s medical condition is deteriorating quickly and he is at risk of death. Mr Taheri has been the subject of five previous urgent appeals sent on 10 July 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 11/2013; 22 August 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 13/2013; 24 March 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 4/2014; 25 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 28/2014; and 10 August 2015, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 12/2015.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Nov 2015
    21 Sep 2015
    Kyrgyzstan
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged persecution of religious minorities in Kyrgyzstan in the form of a raid and closure order against a Baptist Church, and a raid, arbitrary detention and torture of Jehovah´s witnesses. According to the information received, on 9 July 2015, authorities conducted an illegal raid on the premises of Baptist Church Elchilik Jiyini in Kemin. On 29 July 2015, authorities allegedly issued an official warning against Elchilik Jiyini Church for not having submitted compulsory reports and for possession of illegal publications. On 5 August 2015, authorities allegedly issued a decree ordering the suspension of the Church’s activities. On 9 August 2015, in another case, the police, led by an officer who has reportedly been involved in previous violations against Jehovah´s Witnesses, stopped a religious Jehovah Witnesses service in Osh city and arrested 10 of the participants, all of them male adults: Mr. Eldiyar Ormonov, Mr. Arstan Botokhanov, Mr. Iskander Kambarov, Mr. Zhakonchir Asanbayev, Mr. Nurlan Usupbayev, Mr. Chorobek Kadyrov, Mr. Bakytbek Kubanychbek Uulu, Mr. Manas Bilal Uulu, Mr. Razan Korgolov and Mr. Islamedin Kombarov. The police allegedly also tortured the latter six and filed an administrative case against Mr. Nurlan Usupbayev, the organizer, which was however dismissed by the Osh City Court.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
18 Jan 2016
    15 Sep 2015
    Bulgaria
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • cultural rights
Allegations concerning the initiation of archaeological excavations in the vicinity of a mosque and planned conversion of the religious site into a museum. According to the information received, on 14 June 2015, the local government of Karlovo started excavation works aimed at exposing archaeological remains in and around Kurshun Mosque and at converting the site into a museum, without prior notification or consultation with the Muslim community of Bulgaria. The ownership of the Kurshun Mosque has been long disputed and is currently not open for worship; however, it reportedly bears great religious importance for the Muslim community, who views the works as an act of desecration. Similar projects of public works and excavations have allegedly also been carried out at other sites of religious significance for the Muslim community without prior consultation, including at Hamza Bey Mosque in Stara Zagora, Makbul Pasha Mosque in Razgrad and Mihaloglu Mosque in Ihtiman. Controversies regarding the ownership and use of mosques in Bulgaria have reportedly caused tension in the country, including protests against the religious use of Muslim places of worship.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Nov 2015
    17 Aug 2015
    United States of America
    JAL
  • indigenous peoples
  • religion or belief
  • cultural rights
Alleged desecration of Mauna Kea Sacred Mountain located in Hawai’i for the construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope. According to the information received, the construction violates United States of America’s international obligations to protect the human rights of indigenous peoples to participate in cultural life, to freedom of religion and belief and to be meaningfully involved in decision making-processes that impact on their human rights. It is alleged that the decision to adopt the project was made without appropriately consulting the people for whom the mountain has high cultural and religious value, and that no serious consideration was given to alternative locations for the construction.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Nov 2015
    10 Aug 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations concerning the imposition of the death penalty on an honorary doctor for his spiritual beliefs and practices. Dr. Mohammad Ali Taheri, honorary doctor, author of alternative medicine theories used in Iran and abroad, and founder of Erfan-e-Halgheh (inter-universalism), was arrested on 4 May 2011 and again in October 2011, and reportedly sentenced to five years in prison for allegedly having insulted Islamic sanctities. The sentence was related to his spiritual beliefs and practices. While serving his five year sentence, the charge of Mosfed fel Arz (spreading corruption on earth) was introduced at a second trial that took place in two sessions on 11 March and 29 April 2015. On 1 August 2015, Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Court sentenced Dr. Taheri to death for establishing Erfan-e-Halgheh. Dr. Taheri was the subject of four previous communications sent on 10 July 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 11/2013; on 22 August 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 13/2013; on 24 March 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 4/2014; and on 25 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. 28/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jul 2015
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • international order
Non-conformité présumée de divers articles d’un projet de loi organique relatif à la lutte contre le terrorisme et à la répression du blanchiment d’argent avec un certain nombre de dispositions du Pacte international relatif aux droits civils et politiques. Selon les informations reçues, plusieurs dispositions du projet de loi n° 2015-22 relatif à la lutte contre le terrorisme et à la répression du blanchiment d’argent soulèveraient des questions quant à leur compatibilité avec les obligations internationales de la Tunisie en matière de droits de l’homme, notamment les articles 2, 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12 à 22 et 26 du Pacte.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    24 Jul 2015
    Nepal
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Alleged incompatibility of provisions relating to the freedom of religion or belief in the new draft constitution of Nepal with international human rights standards. According to the information received, article 31 subsections 1 and 2 of the draft constitution do not provide for the freedom to convert while subsection 3 bans “any act to convert another person from one religion to another”. Furthermore, subsection 3 of article 31 contains a broad and vague reference to “any act or behaviour [which may] undermine or jeopardize the religion of each other” that is also punishable by law. Although it is noted that Section 22 subsection 2(a) of the current draft constitution guarantees the right to freedom of opinion and expression, this right may be derogated from on the several grounds, including defamation, or incitement to an offence, or any act which is deemed contrary to public decency or morality (Section 22, subsection 2(1)). These provisions, if adopted in their current form, would seriously curtail the right to freedom of religion or belief and freedom of opinion and expression as provided by international human rights law.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    21 Jul 2015
    Egypt
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • international order
Alleged non-compliance of the draft national anti-terrorism law with a number of provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. According to the information received, on 2 July 2015, the Egyptian State Council approved a number of amendments to the Egyptian anti-terrorism law. The draft law should enter into force after the President approves it. The amendments were reportedly introduced after the killing of the prosecutor general in a car bomb attack in Cairo on 29 June 2015, and a number of simultaneous attacks launched on several checkpoints in North Sinai, in early July 2015. Reportedly several proposed provisions of the draft anti-terrorism law would be incompatible with Egypt’s international human rights obligations, particularly as they arise from Articles 2, 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14 to 22 and 26 of the Covenant.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
05 Aug 2015
    22 Jun 2015
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • education
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged systematic and persistent human rights violations of individuals belonging to Shia, Christian, Ahmadi, Hindu, Sikh and Sufi minority communities in Pakistan by non-state actors, and failure of the authorities to prevent, protect and investigate those acts with due diligence. According to the information received, since 2013, a large number of attacks in the form of intimidation, forced marriage, including child marriage, forced conversion, persecution, discrimination, hostility, violence and killings, and targeting members of religious minorities have taken place. The climate of impunity is allegedly fostered by Pakistan’s blasphemy laws and anti-Ahmadi laws, which allow for heavy punishments and have been used to prosecute and punish members of religious minorities and those who attempt to defend or speak out for them. Currently, there are at least 17 individuals on death row and another 19 serving life sentences for blasphemy in Pakistan. Reference is made to previous related communications sent on 22 November 2010, see A/HRC/16/53/Add.1, paras. 326-335; on 22 March 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. PAK 3/2012; on 16 April, 22 May and 30 May 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case nos. PAK 5/2014, PAK 7/2014 and PAK 8/2014; on 23 October and 5 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case nos. PAK 11/2014 and PAK 13/2014; and on 1 December 2014, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. PAK 14/2014.
Alleged victims: 10
More details...
21 Aug 2015
    12 Jun 2015
    Sudan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • minority issues
  • Sudan
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary detention and criminal charges against two clergymen as well as undue restrictions of religious freedom of the Christian communities in Sudan. According to the information received, on 2 December 2014, 39 Sudan Evangelical Presbyterian Church members who peacefully assembled around the church to defend the property from being confiscated by the authorities were arrested. Reverends Yat Michael Ruot Puk and Peter Yien Reith were arrested separately on 14 December 2014 and 11 January 2015 respectively, and held incommunicado until their transfer to Omdurman Men’s Prison on 1 March 2015. Reportedly, on 4 May 2015, they were both brought to the Khartoum Bahri Criminal Court for hearings. Reverend Michael and Reverend Peter reportedly face six criminal charges, some of which carry the death penalty or life imprisonment. Both clergymen were recently transferred to Kober prison, a high security facility, and have had no access to their families and lawyers since 4 June 2015. Reports also indicate that the religious autonomy of churches, the rights to freedom of expression, religion and of peaceful assembly of the Christian religious minorities have been seriously undermined by ongoing mass expulsions, arrests, detentions of foreign Christians and confiscation or destruction of church properties since the end of 2012.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    12 Jun 2015
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged imminent resumption of the public flogging of a Saudi Arabian human rights defender in violation of the right to be free from torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. According to the information received, on 7 June 2015, the Supreme Court in Riyadh upheld the sentence of 10 years in prison, 1000 lashes, a 10-year travel ban to start on expiration of his prison sentence, a ban on using media outlets and a fine of one million Saudi Riyals (267,000 USD) against Mr. Raef Badawi for “insulting Islam and religious authorities” in relation to his human rights activities. This sentence was handed down by the Jeddah Criminal Court on 7 May 2014 and upheld by the Jeddah Court of Appeal on 1 September 2014. On 9 January 2015, Mr. Badawi received the first 50 lashes ordered by the Ministry of Interior. Following a medical examination which concluded that Mr. Badawi’s wounds had not healed from the first round of flogging and that he would not be able to withstand another round of lashes, the second round of public flogging had been suspended since 16 January 2015. After the Supreme Court’s decision, the public flogging of Mr. Badawi may reportedly resume as early as 12 June 2015. Mr. Badawi was the subject of four previous communications sent on 12 July 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. SAU 9/2012; on 31 January 2014, see A/HRC/26/21, case no. SAU 2/2014; on 31 October 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no, SAU 13/2014; and on 22 January 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. SAU 1/2015.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
17 Jun 2015
    13 May 2015
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • executions
Alleged imposition of the death penalty after a trial that did not comply with due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the new information received, Mr. Sheikh Nimr Baqir Al-Nimr, who was sentenced to death on 15 October 2014 after a trial that allegedly did not meet the most stringent due process and fair trial guarantees, has been subjected to increasing ill-treatment. In addition, it has been reported that in April 2015 the authorities performed a medical intervention to extract a bullet from his body to prepare him for the execution. It is reported that it is a common practice in the country to remove, prior to an execution, all foreign objects from a person, which suggests that his execution may be imminent. Mr. Sheikh Nimr Baqir Al-Nimr was the subject of two previous communications sent on 28 August 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. SAU 7/2014, and on 17 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. SAU 12/2014.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 May 2015
26 Oct 2015
    12 May 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged mass arrest and harassment of Ahwazi Arab minorities in Khuzestan Province. According to the information received, on 14 March 2015, Mr. X, an Ahwazi Arab, reportedly set himself on fire in response to repeated harassment from local authorities regarding licensure of his produce stand. Mr. X reportedly later died as a result of inadequate medical attention to his burns. In response, protests were held in several Arab-majority cities. On 17 March 2015, about one thousand protestors were reportedly detained in Ahwaz and released only after signing a pledge. Several protestors remain incarcerated with criminal charges pending against them. Following Mr. X’s death, his family has reportedly been harassed by authorities. From mid-March to April 2015, up to one hundred Ahwazi Arabs, including activists and several minors, were arrested without warrants by armed masked men following peaceful protests leading up to the tenth anniversary of the 15 April 2005 Ahwazi uprising.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
04 Mar 2016
    11 May 2015
    Myanmar
    JAL
  • Myanmar
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • health
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged discriminatory nature of a package of four Bills seeking to “protect race and religion”. According to the information received, the Bills discriminate against ethnic and religious minorities, as well as against women. The Religious Conversion Bill establishes a State-regulated system for changing religion, which contravenes the right to freedom of religion and belief. The Population Control Healthcare Bill adopts a selective and coercive approach to improving living standards. This includes a potential requirement of birth spacing that would violate women’s right to choose freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children and could be used to target areas with large minority communities. The Buddhist Women’s Special Marriage Bill regulates interfaith marriages between Buddhist women and non-Buddhist men and is discriminatory on many grounds. The Monogamy Bill adopts a restrictive and discriminatory approach to marriage regulation. The Religious Conversion Bill was the subject of a previous communication sent on 19 June 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. MMR 4/2014.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    04 May 2015
    Iraq
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of mass summary executions of Yezidi men and of forced conversion to Islam and deportation of Yezidi women and girls held captive by the so-called Islamic State from Iraq to Syria. According to the information received, up to 2,500 members of the Yezidi minority community, who are being held by the so-called Islamic State (ISIL) in the territory of Tal Afar in Iraq’s Nineveh province, have been forced to convert to Islam. Older girls and young women have allegedly been sold to, abused, sexually exploited and enslaved by ISIL fighters. On 26 April 2015, ISIL troops moved the 2,500 captive members of the Yezidi minority community to a school in Tal Afar. Subsequently, up to 700 men and teenage boys were reportedly separated from the rest of the group and moved to the village of Jino near Tal Afar. Furthermore, girls of a young age were reportedly also separated from the rest of the group. On 27 April 2015, up to 400 Yezidi men, from the above-mentioned group, were executed in an unknown location in Ayathiya and/or Zummar sub-districts. The remaining women and children are allegedly to be moved to Syria.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    23 Apr 2015
    Afghanistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • cultural rights
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the public lynching and setting on fire of an Afghan woman accused of burning a copy of the Quran. According to the information received, on 19 March 2015, after having been accused of burning a copy of the Quran at a public shrine in Kabul city, a mob comprised of approximately 30 men physically assaulted a 27-year-old student named Farkhunda with stones and sticks and ran her over with a vehicle three times. As a result, the victim died and her corpse was subsequently set on fire. Reportedly the police arrived at the scene while the lynching was ongoing but failed to adequately respond to the mob violence and prevent the victim’s death. On 20 March 2015, President Ashraf Ghani appointed a commission to investigate the case from a religious and legal point of view. On 24 March 2015, the criminal investigation, which was initiated by the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) of Kabul province, was reportedly transferred to the CID at the Headquarters of the Ministry of Interior given the high profile of the case.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    25 Feb 2015
    Spain
    JAL
  • migrants
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alegaciones relativas a las “Recomendaciones en intervenciones con personas de origen árabe” emitidas por la Jefatura Provincial de Andalucía Occidental de la Policía Nacional. Según la información recibida, dicha Jefatura de Policía habría emitido recomendaciones a sus agentes sobre el uso de perfil étnico y racial, fomentando una vigilancia desproporcionada e injustificada hacia un sector de la población. Aunque estas recomendaciones hayan sido posteriormente anuladas, se expresa preocupación por que dichas medidas pudieran fomentar actitudes racistas e islamófobas por parte de agentes públicos y de la población en general.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
04 Aug 2015
    10 Feb 2015
    Republic of Moldova
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged violation of the rights to freedom of religion or belief, freedom of association, and freedom of expression of the members of two spiritual associations. According to the information received, in December 2013 and January 2014, Buiucani Court and Chisinau’s Commercial Court received a complaint accusing Falun Dafa and Qigong Falun Gong Moldova, two associations that share the same beliefs and practice of Chinese spiritual discipline, of being extremist organizations, requesting their emblem consisting of one large and four small “sauwastika” symbols be banned and both associations dissolved. On 20 January 2014, Buiucani Court issued a decision banning the organizations’ emblem and, on 18 April 2014, Chisinau’s Commercial Court ordered the dissolution and liquidation of both organizations. Appeals lodged before the Chisinau Court of Appeal, in April and July 2014, by the two organizations, as well as Moldova’s Ministry of Justice, were dismissed and, on 28 January 2015, the Supreme Court ordered the inclusion of the associations’ emblem in the State Registry of Extremist Materials. The Supreme Court is set to deliberate on the dissolution of Falun Dafa and Qigong Falun Gong Moldova on 11 February 2015.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
30 Mar 2015
    22 Jan 2015
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged public flogging of a Saudi Arabian human rights defender, 19 planned repetitions, and attempts on the part of the Government to silence human rights activists in the country. According to the information received, on 9 January 2015, Mr. Raef Badawi was subjected to 50 lashes outside the Al-Jafali mosque in Jeddah. Mr. Badawi is due to receive 950 more lashes in weekly batches of 50. Based on a medical check, conducted before the second round of flogging, doctors concluded that his wounds from the first 50 lashes had not healed and that he would not be able to withstand another round of lashes. The flogging scheduled for 16 January 2015 was temporarily suspended at the last moment. In the light of the anti-terrorist law of April 2014, the arrest, detention and conviction of Mr. Badawi appears to form part of a broader attempt on the part of the Government to silence human rights activists in the country. Mr. Badawi was the subject of three previous communications sent on 12 July 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. SAU 9/2012; on 31 January 2014, see A/HRC/26/21, case no. SAU 2/2014; and on 31 October 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. SAU 13/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Jan 2015
    16 Jan 2015
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and prosecution of the Secretary-General of the main opposition political party in Bahrain. According to the information received, Sheikh Ali al-Salman, a key religious figure in Bahrain, was re-elected as Secretary-General of “Al-Wefaq National Islamic Society” on 26 December 2014. The following day, he received a summons requesting to present himself to the Criminal Investigation Directorate of the Ministry of Interior of Bahrain on 28 December 2014. Upon presenting himself, Sheikh Al-Salman was arrested and detained by security forces of the Ministry of Interior on the instructions of the Public Prosecution. He was held at the Criminal Investigation Directorate for the first night of his detention and subsequently transferred to the East Riffa Police Station, where he reportedly remains detained. On 5 January 2015, he was formally charged with, amongst others, inciting a change of regime by non-peaceful means and insulting the Ministry of Interior. Sheikh Al-Salman’s arrest was subsequently extended for an additional period of 15 days. The first of the grievances for release of Sheikh Al-Salman pending trial submitted to the Chief General Attorney within the Public Prosecution was rejected without any reasons being given; the second is pending decision.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
12 Feb 2015
    02 Dec 2014
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary detention and risk of persecution, torture and killing upon deportation from the United Kingdom to Pakistan of an asylum seeker. According to the information received, Mr. Liaquat Ali Hazara, a human rights activist and campaigner for a Shia minority group, the Hazaras, continues to be detained pending deportation from the United Kingdom to Pakistan. Serious concerns remain that Mr. Hazara continues to face the risk of being tortured or killed should he be deported to Pakistan, given the widespread and growing pattern of violent attacks, including numerous killings, against members of religious communities, as well as his prominent role as a blogger and activist defending the rights of the Hazara minority in Pakistan. Mr. Hazara was subject of a previous communication sent on 20 October 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. GBR 3/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Feb 2015
    02 Dec 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged imposition of the death penalty and risk of execution of a photographer on charges of “insulting the Prophet of Islam”. According to the information received, in November 2013, Mr. Soheil Arabi, a 30-year-old photographer, was arrested by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) at his home in Tehran. He was placed in solitary confinement in Evin Prison for two months before being transferred to another section of the prison. Mr. Arabi was reportedly pressured into making a confession of guilt during interrogations. On 30 August 2014, the Criminal Court of Tehran sentenced Mr. Arabi to death for “insulting the Prophet of Islam” (Sabbo al-Nabbi) in connection with postings Mr. Arabi purportedly had made on Facebook. On 4 September 2014, a Tehran Revolutionary Court, in a separate case stemming from the same Facebook postings, sentenced Mr. Arabi to three years’ imprisonment for “spreading propaganda against the system” and “insulting the leader”. On 24 November 2014, the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence against Mr. Arabi.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    01 Dec 2014
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of abduction, child marriage and forced conversion to Islam in Pakistan. According to the information received, a 12-year-old Hindu girl was abducted, taken to a Madrassa “Dar Ul Uloom Ahsan Al Barakat”, forced into marriage and converted to Islam. Grave concern is raised that this case may be part of an ongoing pattern of violations affecting the Hindu religious minority community in Pakistan, as during October and November 2014 there have been at least four similar reported cases in Sindh Province alone. Particular concern is further expressed at allegations that Pakistan police in the above-mentioned cases have refused to duly fulfill their role and provide support and protection to parents belonging to the Hindu religious minority community, of which the daughters have been abducted.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    25 Nov 2014
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Allegations of ongoing harassment and violation of freedom of religion or belief of independent religious communities in Viet Nam, as well as reprisals for co-operating with the United Nations, its mechanisms and representatives in the field of human rights. According to the information received, Mr. Nguyen Bac Truyen, a human rights defender; independent Hoa Hao Buddhists; and Duong Van Minh believers have faced grave reprisals before, during and after meeting with the United Nations Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief during his visit to Viet Nam in July 2014. In addition, concerns are expressed at the forced renunciation campaign launched against Duong Van Minh believers in Bac Kan Province. Further, concerns are expressed at the series of attacks that have taken place against the Evangelical Mennonite Church since June 2014, including beatings, arrests and detention of members of the Church, and raids and attacks at places of worship. There is also imminent risk of the demolition of Lien Tri Pagoda due to an urban development project in Thu Thiem Peninsula. Mr. Nguyen Bac Truyen was the subject of a previous communication sent on 26 March 2014, see A/HRC/27/72 case no. VNM 4/2014.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
16 Mar 2015
    25 Nov 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged physical and psychological torture and ill-treatment, including prolonged solitary confinement and denial of adequate medical care, of a spiritual leader, and the arrest and detention of a blogger, in reprisal for their cooperation with the United Nations, its mechanisms and representatives in the field of human rights. On 25 October 2014, Dr. Mohammad Ali Taheri began a hunger strike in protest of his continued detention in solitary confinement and the introduction of a new charge against him, namely corruption on earth (Mofsid fil Arz), in relation to his letter addressed to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. If convicted, the new charge could result in the imposition of the death penalty. Even though Dr. Taheri became unconscious on 15 November 2014, he was not sent to hospital for proper treatment. Mr. Mohammad Reza Pourshajari, who was released on 23 August 2014 after serving a four year prison term, was rearrested on 30 September 2014, including for contacts with the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran. He is reportedly currently awaiting his court trial. Dr. Taheri and Mr. Pourshajari were the subject of previous communications sent on 10 July 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 11/2013; on 22 August 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 13/2013; and on 24 March 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. IRN 4/2014.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
21 Apr 2015
    20 Nov 2014
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged religious intolerance and violence against Church members in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. According to the information received, on 29 May 2014, members of Santo Fransiscus Agung Banteng Church in Sleman City were attacked by a mob during a prayer gathering in the garage of Mr. Julius Felicianus’ house. During this attack, a number of church members were beaten up, an 8-year-old girl was electrocuted, and Mr. Felicianus was injured. On 1 June 2014, a similar incident took place in Pangukan Village in Sleman Regency where a Sunday service of El’Shaddai Pentecostal Church-GDPI was disrupted by a mob. Even though the police was able to stop the violence from escalating, the mob returned later that day and damaged the church building and the house of the Pastor of the Church. On 16 October 2014, Sleman-Yogyakarta District Court sentenced one of the perpetrators of the attack on Mr. Felicianus’ home to a short prison sentence of three months minus time spent in pre-trial detention, while no other perpetrators have been held accountable.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    17 Nov 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • health
  • minority issues
Alleged arbitrary detention, inhuman treatment, lack of adequate medical treatment and infringement of due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, on 15 October 2014, Sheikh Nimr Baqir Al-Nimr was sentenced to death by the Specialized Criminal Court in Saudi Arabia for “disobeying the ruler”, “inciting sectarian strife” and “encouraging, leading and participating in demonstrations”. Information received indicates that Sheikh Nimr Baqir Al-Nimr could be executed at any time. Concerns are raised that the death penalty was issued after a trial that did not comply with the most stringent due process and fair trial guarantees. Concerns are also raised at the alleged denial of medical treatment while in detention. Sheikh Al-Nimr was the subject of a previous communication sent on 28 August 2014, see above, case no. SAU 9/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
31 Dec 2014
    14 Nov 2014
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
Alleged arrests and detention of the leader and followers of a Buddhist organization. According to the information received, there has been ongoing religious repression of Mr. Wu Ze Heng, the leader of the Hua Zang Dharma Buddhist Community, and his disciples in connection with the practice of their religion in different parts of China. Mr. Wu was imprisoned for 11 years in 1999, during which detention he was subjected to extensive forms of torture and harsh treatment. Since his release, he has been continuously monitored and his religious activities restricted by the police. He was repeatedly arrested, questioned and detained between 2010 and 2012 on “suspicion of intending to organize an illegal assembly”. On 29 July 2014, Mr. Wu and about 80 of his Buddhist disciples were again arrested and detained for unknown reasons. To date, the majority of the detainees have been released. However, Mr. Wu and 19 others are still being held at various detention centres in Zhuhai city. Concerns are expressed at the intrusive searches and arrests without warrants; interrogations without the presence of lawyers; lack of access to lawyers as well as harsh detention conditions.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    13 Nov 2014
    Jordan
    UA
  • religion or belief
Allegations concerning the deportation of church personnel residing in Amman, Jordan. According to the information received, Reverend Jody Patrick Miller, an American national, and his assistant, Mr. Maged Wefki Gergis Hanna, an Egyptian national, have been residing in Jordan since 1998 and 2000 respectively, under the sponsorship of the Free Evangelical Church. In recent years, both men have been working for Grace Church, affiliated with the Free Evangelical Church, providing humanitarian assistance to Iraqi and Syrian refugees. Grace Church’s activities have reportedly been closely monitored by the Jordanian General Intelligence Department (GID). On 23 October 2014, the US Embassy in Jordan informed Reverend Miller of a complaint received from the GID alleging that he had been distributing bibles thereby “harming national unity”. On 4 November 2014, he was detained and on 6 November 2014 deported back to the United States of America without any official reason being provided to him. Subsequently, Mr. Hanna was also informed of his imminent arrest and deportation; on 9 November 2014 his passport was confiscated by a GID officer and he was summoned to appear at the GID offices on 13 November 2014.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    12 Nov 2014
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • health
Alleged inadequate medical attention and treatment in prison of a Hoa Hao Buddhist leading to a critical health condition. According to the information received, Ms. Mai Thi Dung was arrested in August 2005 and sentenced to 11 years imprisonment for her activism in protest of the suppression of religious freedom in the Mekong Delta. Since her arrest, Ms. Dung has been transferred to several prison facilities in different locations far away from her hometown, resulting in her family having limited access to her. She is currently being held in Thanh Xuan prison, near Hanoi. After her arrest, Ms. Dung was held in solitary confinement for more than two years and denied medical attention until the end of September 2013. When she was finally allowed a medical examination, Ms. Dung was diagnosed with, amongst others, heart failure and gallstones, but subsequently denied the necessary medical treatment outside of prison. Ms. Dung’s husband appealed to Thanh Xuan prison authorities twice in 2014, without any success, for her temporary release in order to receive proper medical treatment.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Jan 2015
    05 Nov 2014
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • executions
Allegations of a death sentence on blasphemy charges upheld by the High Court, after a trial that did not comply with fair trial and due process guarantees. According to the information received, the Lahore High Court Appellate division has upheld the death sentence against Ms. Asia Bibi, a member of the Christian minority from the village of Ittanwali, Punjab Province. The death sentence was first handed down in November 2010 by the Trial Court on charges of insulting the Prophet Muhammad. Ms. Bibi has denied the charges of blasphemy and previously submitted a petition for pardon under article 45 of the Constitution. There are furthermore allegations of procedural irregularities in both the investigation and the trial of Ms. Bibi. Ms. Bibi was the subject of two previous communications sent on 22 November 2010, see A/HRC/16/53/add.1, para. 326-335, and on 22 March 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. PAK 3/2012.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    03 Nov 2014
    Austria
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Allegations concerning a draft revision of the 1912 Islamic Law which may impinge on the religious autonomy of Islamic communities in Austria. According to the information received, on 2 October 2014, the Government of Austria presented a draft revision of the 1912 Islamic Law to Parliament and invited national stakeholders to submit their comments by 7 November 2014. The draft revision allegedly contains controversial provisions that attempt to regulate the content of teachings to Islamic communities; prohibit continuous foreign funding of mosques and religious activities; and further regulate the training, hiring and removal of Muslim clerics. Moreover, there is concern that this may also affect clergies from other religious minorities.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
21 Jan 2015
    31 Oct 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Alleged sentencing of a blogger for “insulting Islam” under Anti-Cyber Crime Law. According to the information received, on 7 May 2014, Mr. Raef Badawi, co-founder of the Free Saudi Liberals website, was sentenced by the Jeddah District Criminal Court to 10 years’ imprisonment, 1000 lashes and a fine of 1 million Saudi riyals (266,545 USD). He was banned from using media outlets and a ten year travel ban was imposed on him. On 1 September 2014, the sentence was upheld by the Jeddah Court of Appeal. Grave concern is expressed at the sentencing of Mr. Badawi, which appears to reflect a pattern of criminalizing the activities of human rights defenders in Saudi Arabia. Further concern is expressed regarding the severe sentence that was handed down to him. He was the subject of a previous communication sent on 31 January 2014, see A/HRC/26/21, case no. SAU 2/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Jan 2015
    30 Oct 2014
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Presunta adopción del reglamento parcial 1987 de la Ley 351 de Otorgación de Personalidades Jurídicas que restringe de manera la libertad de asociación de las personas. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 30 de abril de 2014 el Consejo de Ministros habría decretado el Reglamento Parcial 1987 de la Ley 351 de Otorgación de Personalidades Jurídicas decretada por la Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional el 19 de marzo de 2013. La Ley y su Reglamento restringirían de manera desproporcionada la capacidad de las asociaciones de operar de manera libre e independiente. El Comité de Derechos Humanos requirió que el Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia modifique la Ley 351 en sus Observaciones finales el 6 de diciembre de 2013 (CCPR/C/BOL/CO/3).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
02 Jan 2015
13 Feb 2015
13 Feb 2015
    23 Oct 2014
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • minority issues
Alleged killing of two members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community in Pakistan. According to the information received, on 22 September 2014, Mr. Mubashar Ahmad Khosa Sahib, a 50-year-old Ahmadiyya Muslim from Satellite Town, Mirpur Khas, was shot dead by two unknown motorcyclists. On 15 October 2014, Mr. Lateef Alam Butt, a 62-year-old Ahmadiyya Muslim from Kamrah, District Attock, was shot dead by unknown assailants when returning home from work. Mr. Alam Butt was a well-known Ahmadiyya Muslim and his house was a prayer centre for local members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community (Jamaat). The attack against Mr. Alam Butt took place after Sipah-e-Sahaba, a banned extremist organization, announced plans to carry out targeted killings of Ahmadiyya Muslims during a high-level internal meeting.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    20 Oct 2014
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary detention and risk of deportation to Pakistan of an asylum seeker in violation of the principle of non-refoulement. According to the information received, since 18 July 2014, Mr. Liaquat Ali Hazara, a prominent Pakistani human rights activist and campaigner for the Hazaras, a Shia minority group, has been in detention in the United Kingdom. He was arrested after the Home Office rejected his asylum claim on 16 July 2014. However, Mr. Hazara’s removal directions were issued by the Home Office only on 3 October 2014. Reportedly, the Home Office has ignored Mr. Hazara’s solicitor’s notice about the judicial review claim to the High Court and transferred Mr. Hazara to the detention facility Brook House at Gatwick Airport on 18 October 2014, where he currently remains detained. His deportation is reportedly scheduled for 21 October 2014. Grave concern is expressed that upon deportation, Mr. Hazara risks being persecuted, tortured and killed for his religious beliefs.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Oct 2014
06 Nov 2014
    15 Oct 2014
    Yemen
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • minority issues
Alleged arbitrary detention and torture of a Bahá’í follower in Yemen. According to the information received, Mr. Hamid Kamali was arrested on 3 December 2013 at his place of work, in Balhaf, Shabwa province, allegedly on orders of the Head of the National Security Agency of Yemen. He has since been detained at the National Security Prison in Sana’a. Mr. Kamali has allegedly been subjected to forty-five days of “electric torture”, severe beatings and starvation in detention. He is reportedly accused of “spying for Israel” and proselytizing the Bahá’í faith. On 16 September 2014, Mr. Kamali was interrogated by the lead judge on his case in connection with the charges against him in the presence of his attorney, who, despite objections raised, was not allowed to speak. Concerns are raised in relation to the independence of the members of the judiciary and their reported discriminatory and intolerant speech towards religious minorities.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    09 Oct 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations of arbitrary detention and mistreatment in prison of nine members of the Gonabadi dervish religious minority in Iran. According the information received, Messrs. Mostafa Abdi, Reza Entesari, Hamidreza Moradi and Kasra Nouri, and their lawyers, as well as Messrs. Amir Eslami, Farshid Yadollahi, Mostafa Daneshjoo, Afshin Karampour and Omid Behrouzi, all of them currently imprisoned, are members of the Gonabadi dervish religious minority. Most of the above-mentioned individuals were reportedly arrested and detained in September 2011, during a wave of arrests of Gonabadi dervishes. Reportedly, the nine men were all held in prolonged solitary confinement without access to their lawyers and families. In 2013, they were sentenced to different prison terms on various charges, including “colluding against national security through membership in a deviant sect”, “disseminating propaganda against the state”, “disturbing public opinion”, and “disturbing public order”. Since 31 August 2014, the detainees have been on hunger strike in order to stop the Iranian authorities from imprisoning Gonabadi dervishes and their lawyers, and destroying their houses of worship (hosseinieh). Concerns are raised about the physical and psychological integrity of the detainees. Mr. Kasra Nouri was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 16 April 2013, see A/HRC/24/21, case no. IRN 7/2013.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
    02 Oct 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged imminent execution of an Iranian national. According to the information received, on 1 October 2014, Mr. Seyyed Hossein Kazemeyni (Ayatollah) Boroujerdi, who was sentenced to 11 years imprisonment in June 2007 on charges of “waging war against God” (Moharebeh) and acting against national security, was transferred to an unknown location by prison authorities for his imminent execution. Reportedly, his family was not informed of his transfer or the planned execution. Prior to the transfer, on 23 September 2014, the Prosecutor of the Special Clerical Court had allegedly threatened Mr. Boroujerdi with execution for the contents of his new book, which he considered heretical. It is further alleged that the threat of execution may also have been triggered by Mr. Boroujerdi’s open letter to the United Nations Secretary General published on 22 September 2014. Mr. Boroujerdi was the subject of a previous communication sent on 10 July 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. IRN 11/2013.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
09 Feb 2015
    25 Sep 2014
    Brunei Darussalam
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the non-compliance with international human rights standards of the Shariah Penal Code Order, 2013 (SPC), enacted in Brunei Darussalam. According to the information received, the SPC’s implementation is taking place in three phases. The first phase became operational on 1 May 2014. The second and third phases are expected to commence in 2015 and 2016 respectively. Reportedly, contrary to international human rights standards, the SPC provides inter alia, for the mandatory death penalty and its use for some non-violent acts, including same-sex relations, insulting Islam and its doctrines, and witchcraft. The SPC also stipulates stoning as a method of execution, as well as corporal punishment by amputation and flogging, and allows reliance merely on the accused’s confession in order to reach a guilty verdict. Concern is expressed that the SPC discriminates against women and religious minorities; institutionalizes gender-based stereotypes of women regarding their social role and responsibility to preserve the honour of the family; criminalizes blasphemy; and imposes restrictions on the right to freedom of opinion and expression.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
13 Nov 2014
11 Mar 2015
    28 Aug 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • minority issues
Alleged arbitrary detention, inhumane treatment, lack of adequate medical treatment and infringement of due process and fair trial guarantees. According to the information received, on 8 July 2014, Sheikh Nimr Baqir Al-Nimr, a 55-year-old who had been denouncing the Saudi Arabian Government over discrimination faced by members of the Shi’a community, was arrested and detained without charge by Saudi Arabian security forces in al-Awwamiya, Eastern Province. On 25 March 2013, his case was sent to the Specialized Criminal Court where the prosecution accused him of "haraba" or banditry, which carries the death penalty. In a hearing that took place in August 2014, the Saudi prosecution allegedly demanded his “death by crucifixion” under several new accusations, including “igniting sectarian incitements”, “aiding terrorists” and “waging war on God”. Information received indicates that Sheikh Al-Nimr could be executed at any time. Concerns are raised about the fairness of the proceedings which did not comply with international human rights law and his health conditions while in detention.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    20 Aug 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged desecration of an old Bahá’í cemetery in Shiraz, Iran. According to the information received, at the beginning of August 2014, the Islamic Revolutionary Guards in Fars Province restarted construction work on the cemetery, which led to the dumping of the remains of those who were disinterred in a trench. Concerns are raised at a series of actions by the Iranian authorities, which appear to be motivated by religious discrimination against the Baha’i community through restricting their fundamental human rights to freedom of observance and practice of one’s religion or belief, including those in connection with such important rituals associated with life and death. The desecration of the cemetery was the subject of a previous communication sent on 8 May 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case no. 8/2014.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Jan 2015
    11 Aug 2014
    Sri Lanka
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged arbitrary detention and forced deportation of Pakistani asylum seekers by Sri Lankan authorities in violation of the principle of non-refoulement. According to the information received, at present, around 1400 Pakistani asylum seekers in Sri Lanka are registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Reportedly, on 9 June 2014, a special operation began to arrest asylum seekers and refugees, and on 1 August 2014, the Government of Sri Lanka started to forcefully deport the detainees to Pakistan. Reportedly over 200 asylum seekers remain in detention. It is also alleged that immigration officers have confiscated passports and UNHCR documents of Pakistani Christian asylum seekers, while many were still waiting for their first instance interviews. The Pakistani asylum seekers belong to religious minorities in Pakistan, including Ahmadiyya Muslims, Christians and Shias, and if deported to Pakistan risk persecution and gross human rights violations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Aug 2014
    08 Aug 2014
    Kyrgyzstan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary detention and risk of torture upon extradition in violation of the principle of non-refoulement. According to the information received, since November 2013, Mr. Izblakhat Itakhunov has been in detention in Kyrgyzstan. He was arrested after an extradition request was made by Uzbekistan’s authorities through Interpol, accusing him of involvement in advocacy of overthrowing the constitutional order and activities related to religious extremism. Currently he is at imminent risk of extradition from Kyrgyzstan to Uzbekistan. Grave concern is expressed that upon rendition Mr. Itakhunov risks being persecuted for his religious beliefs, detained without access to a fair trial and subject to torture.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
03 Sep 2014
    14 Jul 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • health
  • minority issues
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged arbitrary detention and infringement of due process and fair trial guarantees of 33 Kurdish men; and allegations of inhumane treatment and denial of urgent medical treatment in detention. According to the information received, between 2009 and 2010, 33 Kurdish men, including one minor, were arrested by Iranian officials in Kurdistan. They were convicted of several national security offenses. Four of them, Messrs. Hamed Ahmadi, Jameshed Dehghani, Jahangir Dehghani and Komal Molaye, were reportedly sentenced to death following a summary trial without the presence of a lawyer and subjected to both physical and psychological torture while in detention. The Supreme Court upheld their death sentences in September 2013 as well as those of four others of the group of 33 Kurdish men - Seyed Jamal Mousavi, Abdorahman Sangani, Sedigh Mohammadi and Seyed Hadi Hosseini. The other 25 men remain on death row pending review by the Supreme Court. Messrs. Hamed Ahmadi, Jameshed Dehghani, Jahangir Dehghani and Komal Molaye were the subject of a previous communication sent on 17 June 2014, A/HRC/28/85, case no. IRN 10/2014.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    11 Jul 2014
    Mauritania
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégations de menaces de mort contre une défenseure des droits de l’homme renommée. Selon les informations reçues, Mme Aminetou Mint El Moctar, défenseure des droits de l’homme renommée et présidente de l’Association des femmes chefs de famille, fait l’objet de menaces de mort depuis qu’elle a dénoncé des actes de persécutions et de harcèlement commis par des groupes islamistes radicaux contre les personnes accusées d’apostasie. Il est rapporté que les autorités étatiques n’ont mis en place aucune mesure de protection pour assurer la sécurité de Mme Mint El Moctar.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Jun 2014
    Sri Lanka
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • minority issues
Alleged systematic attacks and violence against members of religious minorities. According to the information received, on 15 June 2014, a protest rally instigated by Bodu Bala Sena, an extremist Buddhist group, turned violent as its supporters moved in procession through Muslim neighbourhoods, allegedly chanting anti-Muslim and racial slogans. Muslim-owned homes, shops and mosques were reportedly attacked and some set ablaze by mobs carrying poles and other weapons. Despite a curfew and deployment of police, violence apparently continued into the night as Muslim homes and properties were targeted in nearby Beruwala, Welipenna, and Dharga. Reportedly, four people were killed and about 80 others injured. The latest incident was not an isolated one; during the last two years there have been documented reports of more than 350 incidents of violent attacks on Muslims and more than 150 incidents of violent attacks against Christians. Serious concern is raised at the risk of eruption of further violence against religious minorities.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
02 Oct 2014
    26 Jun 2014
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allegations concerning the confirmation of death sentences against 220 individuals in Egypt, following unfair and politically motivated trials. According to the information received, on 24 March 2014, a Court in Minya sentenced 529 people to death on charges related to an attack in August 2013 on a police station in Matay, in protest of the violent dispersal of supporters of former President Mohamed Morsi. The sentences were pronounced following legal proceedings reportedly marred with irregularities. On 28 April 2014, another group of 683 individuals were provisionally sentenced to death by the same Court in connection to an attack on a police station in al-Adwa, following a similar trial purportedly similarly procedurally flawed. Also on 28 April 2014, the Court confirmed 37 of the 529 provisional death sentences imposed on 24 March 2014. On 21 June 2014, the Court upheld 183 of the 683 provisional death sentences imposed on 28 April 2014. The defendants are all allegedly supporters of former president Mohamed Morsi.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
04 Jul 2014
    19 Jun 2014
    Myanmar
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • Myanmar
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Concerns expressed in relation to the draft bill on Religious Conversion in Myanmar. According to the information received, the draft bill sets out a cumbersome application and approval process for conversion. Some provisions and requirements set forth are vague and subject to interpretation that may be discriminatory against the poor or religious and ethnic minorities. It could lead to arbitrary denial of the right to change or adopt a religion or belief. The draft law furthermore provides for disproportionate criminal sanctions on offenders. Reportedly, a number of civil society and human rights activists who oppose the proposed package of draft bills, including a proposed interfaith marriage bill and a religious conversion bill, have been threatened.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 Jul 2014
    30 May 2014
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • minority issues
Alleged killing and systematic persecution of Ahmadiyya Muslim minorities in Pakistan. According to the information received, on 13 May 2014, Messrs. Khalil Ahmad, Ghulam Ahmad, Israr Ahmad and Mubashir Ahmad were arrested by police on blasphemy charges in Sharaqpur, Pakistan. While three of these individuals were released on bail, Mr. Khalil Ahmad was kept in detention, where he was shot dead by a visiting minor. It is unclear why the minor was allowed to visit Mr. Ahmad. On 26 May 2014, Mr. Mehdi Ali Qamar, a US citizen, member of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community and a doctor on a humanitarian visit to Pakistan, was murdered in Rabwah, Pakistan. He was killed by two unknown men on motorbikes. Concerns are raised that the killing and persecution of these individuals may be related to their choice and peaceful practice of their religious beliefs.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
02 Jun 2014
    27 May 2014
    Malaysia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged systematic persecution and discrimination against Shi’a Muslims in Malaysia. According to the information received, on 21 April 2014, Mr. Mohd Kamilzuhairi Abdul Aziz, a Shi’a religious cleric, was arrested by police during a peaceful religious meeting in Taman Sri Gombak. On 9 April 2014, a novel written by Mr. Mohd Faizal Musa was banned by the Ministry of Home Affairs in order to stop Shi’a propaganda. The ban appears to be imposed as a result of the 1996 fatwa issued by the National Council for Islamic Affairs, which declared Shi’a school of Islam as a deviant sect and any production, broadcast and distribution of any books, pamphlets, films and video deviating from the Sunni teaching as haram (forbidden).
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    22 May 2014
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged threats made against and the killing of a human rights lawyer related to his legitimate work as a lawyer. According to the information received, Mr. Rashid Rehman, who was coordinator of the Punjab office of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, had been threatened in April 2014 in relation to his representation of a client on trial for blasphemy. On 7 May 2014, Mr. Rehman, together with a colleague and the client, were shot at by two unknown individuals in his office. Mr. Rehman died from the wounds he sustained, while the two other men survived the attack. Grave concern is expressed at the threats made against and killing of Mr. Rehman as it appears to be in connection with his peaceful work promoting and protecting human rights. Further concern is expressed regarding the physical integrity and safety of lawyers who work on blasphemy cases in Pakistan.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 May 2014
    20 May 2014
    Eritrea
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • Eritrea
Alleged arrest and arbitrary detention of five Christian men for their religious beliefs. According to the information received, five Christian men set to be ordained in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Asmara were arrested by security officers in Asmara, shortly after the public announcement of their ordination on 20 April 2014. Reportedly, they are detained at Police Station Number 2 in Asmara. Allegedly, the five men have not been formally charged and have not been brought before a judge. It is reported that family members are delivering food supplies and clothing but are not allowed to visit them. Representatives of the Church have also been denied access to the five men. The Evangelical Lutheran Church is one of the four officially recognized religions.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    19 May 2014
    Viet Nam
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged acts of reprisals against the head of the Buddhist Youth Movement in the form of arbitrary detention through house arrest. According to the information received, in March 2013, Mr. Le Cong Cau was threatened with prosecution for writing articles advocating human rights and supporting the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam. On 1 January 2014, Mr. Le Cong Cau was arrested and detained when boarding a plane for Ho Chi Minh City and placed under house arrest without written justification. On 11 February 2014, Mr. Le Cong Cau addressed an audio message to a side-event during the Human Rights Council session in Geneva before Viet Nam’s examination under the Universal Periodic Review. He remains under house arrest, and it is believed that his house arrest is related to his engagement with United Nations human rights mechanisms. Concern is expressed at Mr. Le Cong Cau’s arbitrary detainment due to his peaceful work promoting the rights of Buddhists in Vietnam.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Jul 2014
    14 May 2014
    Sudan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Sudan
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of arbitrary detention, denial of a fair trial and due process, ill-treatment and the issuing of an unlawful sentence on the basis of unfounded evidence and improper indictment on grounds of adultery and/or of apostasy. According to the information received Ms. Meriam Ibrahim, a 27-year-old pregnant Sudanese woman, is currently detained at Omdurman’s Women Prison near Khartoum with her 20 month-old son. She is facing the punishments of public flogging and execution under the 1991 Criminal Act if found guilty of charges of apostasy and adultery in a hearing to be held by Sudan’s Criminal Court on 15 May 2014. Concerns are expressed at the physical and mental safety of Ms. Ibrahim, a pregnant woman in prison with her son under harsh conditions; the existence of legislation that permits flogging; at the restrictions on Ms. Ibrahim’s right to practice and profess peacefully her religious beliefs; and at her right to a fair trial and due process.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    08 May 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations of imminent risk of desecration of an old Bahá’í cemetery in Shiraz, Iran. According to the information received, at the end of April 2014, a land plot in Shiraz, where an old Bahá’í cemetery is located, was turned into a construction site, possibly leading to the destruction of the cemetery. Reportedly, the cemetery is of religious and cultural value for local Bahá’ís, and although it can no longer be used for burials, it remains a site for praying and for paying respect to the memory of the deceased. Numerous requests were made by the local Bahá’í community to spare the parts of the plot of land where the cemetery is located, either through letters or repeated visits to various authorities, to no avail. An administrative order to halt the construction work was issued by the local department on Planning of Town and Public Spaces, but it was ignored and construction work nevertheless began. Concerns are raised at a series of actions by the Iranian authorities, which appear to be motivated by religious discrimination against the Baha’i community through restricting their fundamental human rights to freedom of observance and practice of religion or belief.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Jan 2015
    05 May 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary detention of a human rights defender for his participation in a peaceful protest in 2009 calling for an end to discrimination against the Shi’a Muslim community, and for his reports of such discrimination. According to the information received, on 17 April 2014, the Specialized Court in Riyadh convicted Mr. Fadhel Maki Al Manasif, human rights activist and member of the Arab Institute for Human Rights, to 15 years imprisonment, a subsequent 15-year travel ban and a fine of 100,000 Saudi Riyals (about 26,700 USD). The charges against Mr. Al Manasif included “breaking allegiance to the ruler”, “stirring sedition and sectarian division between citizens by inciting protests and marches”, “communicating with foreign media to harm the Government, its people and national unity” and “founding a banned association”. Mr. Al Manasif has reportedly appealed the decision of the Court, of which the final judgment is expected on 8 May 2014. Mr. Al Manasif was the subject of two earlier communications sent on 12 May 2011, see A/HRC/18/51, case no. SAU 5/2011, and 12 July 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. SAU 9/2012.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    05 May 2014
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • housing
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of arrest and ill-treatment in detention of a human rights defender. According to the information received, Ms. Ge Zhihui participated in a training outside of China about the United Nations human rights mechanisms in early 2014. Ms. Zhihui was reportedly arrested at her home on 1 March 2014, and is currently detained in Fengtai District Detention Centre on charges of “illegal assembly”, “creating a disturbance” and “using cult to undermine implementation of the law”. Ms. Zhihui has reportedly been ill-treated in detention; she has been handcuffed and chained, denied permission to shower for twenty days and denied toilet breaks during her interrogations. She has reportedly been transferred to hospital on two occasions in relation to a brain infarct, anemia and kaliopenia due to her treatment in detention. Grave concern is expressed that her arrest and detention may be directly linked to her legitimate human rights activities and her participation in a training about the United Nations human rights mechanisms.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    30 Apr 2014
    Iraq
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • cultural rights
NOT APPLICABLE This letter is not to be made public in any communications report. !NEVER!
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    24 Apr 2014
    Cyprus
    JAL
  • migrants
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged denial of asylum to an Iranian national and his family, who has reportedly been persecuted in the Islamic Republic of Iran for holding beliefs critical of Islam. According to the information received, Mr. X and his family arrived in Cyprus in 2000 and lodged an application for asylum through Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. He submitted an asylum claim again in mid-2002 to the Asylum Service of the Republic of Cyprus, but it is alleged that relevant documents were removed from the file and his case was subsequently evaluated and rejected. He filed additional documents in December 2012 to reopen his case. It is alleged that Mr. X and his wife have been detained several times for visa issues in Cyprus and concern is expressed that Mr. X could be at risk of torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or capital punishment, in case of deportation to Iran.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
01 Jul 2014
    17 Apr 2014
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • health
Alleged arrest, detention, sentencing and ill-treatment while in detention of human rights defenders, in particular bloggers. According to the information received, on 11 September 2013, Mr. Ngo Hao was sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment and 5 years’ probation for publishing online articles promoting human rights. Allegedly, his health in detention has severely deteriorated as a result of hard labour and lack of adequate healthcare. Mr. Le Quoc Quan was arrested on 27 December 2012, and the charges of “tax evasion” against him were upheld on 18 February 2014 and he is reportedly denied access to legal counsel, books and religious guidance. Mr. Le Quoc Quan was the subject of a previous communication sent on 14 January 2013, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. VNM 1/2013. Grave concern is expressed regarding the deteriorating health condition of Mr. Ngo Hao in detention and the use of legislation to restrict the space for the promotion and defence of human rights and freedom of opinion and expression in Viet Nam, particularly online.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
15 Jul 2014
    17 Apr 2014
    Bahrain
    UA
  • religion or belief
Alleged religiously-motivated discrimination against the most senior religious leader of the Shi’a Muslim community. According to the information received, on 12 April 2014, Bahraini security officers raided Mr. Hussain Mirza Abdelbaqi Najati’s office and home. On 15 April 2014, Mr. Najati complied with the order to report to the Head of the National Security agency, who interrogated and ordered him to leave the Kingdom of Bahrain for Iraq within 48 hours. He also requested Mr. Najati to hand over his Bahraini passport, as his citizenship had been revoked. Reportedly, Mr. Najati was warned that failure to comply would result in his possible arrest together with his young son. Concern is raised that targeting the most senior and influential Shi’a religious figure in the Kingdom of Bahrain may amount to intimidation and thus discrimination against the entire Shi’a Muslim community in the country. Mr. Najati is one of 31 individuals, whose Bahraini citizenship was revoked on 7 November 2012 by the decision of the Ministry of Interior, and who were the subject of a communication sent on 29 November 2012, see A/HRC/22/67/Corr.2, case no. BHR 12/2012.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    16 Apr 2014
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • executions
Alleged arbitrary detention, prosecution and death penalty imposed due to practice of religion and in contravention of international law. According to the information received, on 7 March 2013, Mr. Sawan Masih was detained and accused of insulting the Prophet Mohammed. On 27 March 2014, he was sentenced to death on charges of blasphemy, which does not constitute a most serious crime under international law. Mr. Masih was also ordered to pay a fine of 200,000 Pakistani rupees. The defendant repeatedly denied the charges, asserting that the false accusation was made as a result of a property dispute. Serious concern is expressed that the arrest and death sentence imposed against Mr. Masih may be part of what appears to be a growing trend of misuse of blasphemy legal provisions for personal reasons as well as their unfair and disproportionate application against members of minority groups, particularly religious minorities.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
16 Apr 2014
    28 Mar 2014
    Malaysia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary arrest and persecution of several members of the Shi’a Muslim minority community in Malaysia for their religious belief. According to information received, on 8 March 2014, Mr. Mohd Kamilzuhairi Abd Aziz, a local leader of Malaysian Shi’a Muslims, together with 113 other individuals, including Messrs’ Abdullah Hassan, Mohammad Ridzuan, Abdul Manap Abdul Hamid, Idris Mat Desa, Abu Bakar Ahmad, Abdullah Isa and Ms. Nur Azah Binti Abdul Halim, and other women and children, were arrested by the Perak’s Islamic Religious Affairs Department and the police, while they attended the commemoration of a religious celebration. Serious concern is expressed that the arrests may be part of a crackdown on, and persecution of members of, the Shi’a Muslim community in Malaysia, which has been allegedly ongoing since adoption of a 1996 fatwa by the Fatwa Committee of the National Council for Islamic Affairs that describes Shi’ism as a “deviant ideology”.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    26 Mar 2014
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of harassment and assault of a human rights defender and his wife, and the ongoing detention of three of his friends. According to the information received, on 9 February 2014, Mr. Nguyen Bac Truyen’s house was raided by around 100 police officers. Mr. Nguyen was beaten by the police, his belongings were confiscated and he was transferred to Chi Hoa prison in Ho Chi Minh City. Mr. Nguyen was released the following day. On 11 February 2014, a group of 21 colleagues and friends of Mr. Nguyen went to visit his family. All 21 individuals were arrested by the police. On 13 February, 18 of the individuals were released, while Ms. Bui Thi Minh Hang, Ms. Nguyen Thi Thuy Quynh, and Mr. Nguyen Van Minh are still in detention. On 24 February 2014, Mr. Nguyen Bac Truyen and his wife were on their way to a meeting at a diplomatic mission when they were brutally attacked by four undercover police officers.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
30 May 2014
    21 Mar 2014
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • housing
  • minority issues
  • cultural rights
Alleged forced eviction of the residents of the Con Dau village, near Da Nang city, in Central Viet Nam. According to the information received, in 2007, the local government of Da Nang city announced a plan to expropriate the Con Dau village. The land was leased to a private company to build an eco-resort. Compensation was poor and the request of the parishioners to be resettled near their church was rejected twice. By 2013, hundreds of residents had moved under threats and harassment or after their homes had been forcefully demolished. The company stopped its project and began selling its land use rights by lots to private buyers. On 7 March 2014, the local government of Da Nang city gave a deadline to a remaining hundred households to give up their land and move out by 15 April 2014. Concerns are expressed that the forced eviction of the residents of Con Dau violates international human rights standards and seriously disrupts the cultural and religious life of the community.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 May 2014
    07 Mar 2014
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged undue restrictions of the right to freedom of association contained in the Foreign Contributions Bill (2013). According to the information received, the Bill, which regulates the utilization of foreign contributions by national and international non-governmental organizations, imposes undue restrictions on such recipients.. Such provisions concern, inter alia, the registration, suspension or cancellation of certificates; auditing/monitoring of these organizations, as well as restrictions on the utilization of foreign contributions they receive; and limitation on activities they intend to pursue.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    03 Feb 2014
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • disappearances
  • minority issues
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arrest and detention of ten Tibetan singers and musicians. According to the information received, artists Gongpo Tsezin, Trinley Tsekar, Kelsang Yarphel, Lolo, Pema Trinley, Chakdor, Khenrap, Nyagdompo, Shawo Tashi, and Achok Phulshung are either currently being detained or their fate and whereabouts are unknown. It is alleged that these artists have been arrested in connection with their songs supporting Tibetan culture and reflecting the situation in the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Serious concerns are expressed that the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention or enforced disappearance of the aforementioned 10 Tibetan singers and musicians may be linked to their legitimate human rights activities. The Tibetan singer Lolo was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 9 August 2012, see A/HRC/22/67/Corr.2, case no. CHN 8/2012.
Alleged victims: 10
More details...
30 Apr 2014
    31 Jan 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
Alleged detention and prosecution of a blogger and organizer of a conference to mark the “day of liberalism” on charges of insulting Islam and “apostasy”. According to the information received, on 17 June 2012, Mr. Raef Badawi was arrested in Jeddah after organizing a conference to mark the “day of liberalism” and was subsequently detained in a prison in Briman. In July 2012, a trial against Mr. Badawi started before the General Court in Jeddah, with jurisdiction over apostasy cases, but was later referred to the Criminal Court of Jeddah as the General Court decided that Mr. Badawi should not be tried for apostasy. The charges brought against Mr. Badawi relate to a number of articles he had written and published on his website and on social media deemed to be insulting Islam. On 29 July 2013, the Criminal Court in Jeddah convicted Mr. Badawi under the information technology law of “founding a liberal website”, “adopting liberal thought” and for insulting Islam. Mr. Badawi was sentenced to seven years and three months in prison, and 600 lashes. On 11 December 2013, the Court of Appeal ruled that the case should be reviewed again, dropped the apostasy charges, and sent it back to the Criminal Court in Jeddah, which in turn remanded Mr. Badawi to the General Court on charges of “apostasy”, an “offence” punishable by death.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
12 Feb 2014
26 Jan 2015
    31 Jan 2014
    Kazakhstan
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged persecution of several Jehovah’s Witnesses for alleged illegal missionary activity. According to the information received, on 23 November 2013, Mr. Yuriy Toporov, a 36 years old lawyer, was arrested by police and subsequently charged with illegal missionary activities when he participated in a weekly peaceful religious meeting of Jehovah’s Witnesses. If convicted, Mr. Toporov is at risk of being deported from the Republic of Kazakhstan to Russia. Serious concern is expressed that the arrest and charges against Mr. Toporov occurred in retaliation for his professional activities as a lawyer and human rights defender and may be part of a crackdown on and persecution of Jehovah’s Witnesses, which is allegedly ongoing since the adoption of amendments to the Law on “Religious Activity and Religious Associations” on 11 October 2011. Allegedly, other targeted Jehovah’s Witnesses include Mr. Dmitriy Bukin, Mr. Nurzhan Agalkov, Ms. Nadezhda Shefer, Mr. Sergey Chuvashkin, Mr. Eduard Malykhin and Ms. Irina Malykhin.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
28 Mar 2014
07 Apr 2014
    28 Jan 2014
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arrest, threats and harassment against members of the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam (UBCV) in Hue and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. According to the information received, since early January 2014 members of the UBCV’s executive have been subjected to police harassment and placed under house arrest, as part of an alleged on-going crack down on the UBCV. In addition, the security police have purportedly prevented the new UBCV leadership from organizing a Memorial Day ceremony on 10 January. In the days and hours leading to the commemoration of Memorial Day, security police intercepted and prevented members of the UBCV from attending the celebrations that were taking place despite the ban. Several leaders of the UBCV youth movement were harassed and placed under house arrest, they are: Ho Nguyen Minh, Y, Ho Van Nich, Hoang Nhu Dao, Hoang Tanh, Hoang Thi Hong Phuong, Lê Cong Cau, Lê Nhat Thinh, Lê Van Thanh, Ngo Duc Tien, Nguyen Chien, Nguyen Dinh Mong, Nguyen Duc Khoa, Nguyen Sac, Nguyen Tat Truc, Nguyen Thi Huong, Nguyen Van De, Truong Dien Hieu, Truong Minh Dung, Truong Trong Thao, Van Dinh An, Van Dinh Tat, Van Thi Hieu, Van Tien Nhi.
Alleged victims: 29
More details...
14 Apr 2014
    22 Jan 2014
    Malaysia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged reprisals against COMANGO, a coalition of Malaysian non-governmental organisations (NGOs) for their engagement with the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process. According to the information received, the alleged public harassment against COMANGO, in Parliament and in the press, occurred prior to and since Malaysia’s second review under the UPR process on 24 October 2013. On 8 January 2014, the Ministry of Home Affairs allegedly issued a press statement declaring COMANGO to be illegal. Grave concern is expressed that the recent banning of COMANGO might be an act of reprisal for its engagement with the UPR process.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
09 Sep 2014
    14 Jan 2014
    Egypt
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Concerns expressed in relation to the final draft of the new Constitution as approved by the Egyptian Constituent Assembly on 3 December 2013, which could negatively impact upon the enjoyment of human rights in the Arab Republic of Egypt, especially as regards freedom of religion or belief and freedom of opinion and expression. The adopted text will be submitted on 14-15 January 2014 for approval by the people of the Arab Republic of Egypt through a national referendum. As they currently stand, articles 2, 3, 10, 24, 53, 64, 65,67,71,72, 74, 104, 144, 165 and 235 of the draft Constitution still need to be brought into line with international human rights treaties to which the Arab Republic of Egypt is a party.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
29 Jan 2014
09 Sep 2014
    28 Nov 2013
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations concerning legislation which discriminates against women and girls, including provisions allowing for child marriage, including between a child and legal guardian, and polygamy. According to the information received, article 1401 of the Civil Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran provides for marriage of girls at 13 years; the 2013 Family Protection Law of the Islamic Republic of Iran reportedly allows for two types of marriage contracts, full or temporary, and polygamy is also legal under this law. Furthermore, on 22 September 2013, the Islamic Consultative Assembly reportedly ratified the “Unsupervised or III Supervised Children and Youth Protection Bill”, Article 27 of which allows for a marriage between a child and his/her legal guardian in circumstances where a child “has reached maturity / puberty” and “marriage with the guardian would be in the best interests of the child”.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
14 Feb 2014
    27 Nov 2013
    Myanmar
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • Myanmar
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegation of physical attacks against a human rights defender in Myanmar, and violation of his rights to freedom of opinion and expression, freedom of peaceful assembly and of association and freedom of religion or belief. According to the information received, on 22 October 2013, Mr Aung Zaw Oo, a 33 year old Muslim from Taunggyi in Shan State, was asked by military Special Branch officers to sign a written statement committing him not to engage in political activities in exchange for the removal of his name from a political activists watch list. Following his refusal to do so, he was reportedly hit on three separate occasions by motorbikes driving at him. Police have reportedly failed to take up his case. There are concerns that the alleged attacks may be related to his civil society work in Rakhine State.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    14 Nov 2013
    Malaysia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged violation of the freedom of religion or belief and the freedom of expression and media through prohibition of the usage of word “Allah” by possibly all non-Muslims in Malaysia. According to the information received, on 14 October 2013, the Court of Appeal of Malaysia ruled in favour of the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Government of Malaysia in a litigation over the legality of imposition of a condition in the publication permit of the “Herald – The Catholic Weekly”, which is published on behalf of the Bishops of Peninsular of Malaysia. Reportedly, the condition was the prohibition of the name “Allah” in the aforementioned publication by an administrative decision of the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Government of Malaysia, dated 7 January 2009. Allegedly the decision may have far-reaching implications and may affect the rights of all non-Muslims in Malaysia. It is reported that the aforementioned ruling had been appealed and, at the time of writing, was pending consideration at the Federal Court level.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 Oct 2013
    Myanmar
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Myanmar
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • minority issues
Allegations of arrest and incommunicado detention, inhumane and degrading treatment, torture, denial of access to medical treatment and lack of a fair trial in line with international standards. According to the information received, Mr Brang Yung, a national of Myanmar and ethnic Kachan, living in an internal displacement camp was arrested on 12 June 2012. It is reported that Mr Yung was initially taken to a monastery in Tar Law Gyi village and subsequently sent to Myitkyina prison on 2 July 2012, where he remained at the time of writing. He was allegedly accused of being associated with the Kachin independence Army and tried in court under article 17 of the Unlawful Associations Act 1908. It is further alleged that following his arrest, Mr Yung was held incommunicado, subjected to inhuman and degrading treatment and torture, denied medical treatment, denied access to a lawyer and his family and did not receive a fair trial.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
18 Dec 2013
    07 Oct 2013
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged killing of a Baha’i. According to the information received, on 24 August 2013, Mr Ataollah Rezvani, a member of the Baha’i religious minority in the Islamic Republic of Iran, was shot in the back of the head by an unknown person. His body was reportedly found in his car, near the railway station on the outskirts of the city of Bandar Abbas. It is alleged that Mr Rezvani may have been killed because of his religion. Reportedly, he had received threats and been intimidated previously on the basis of his religious belief.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
17 Dec 2013
    02 Sep 2013
    Egypt
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged violence against members of Christian religious minorities in Egypt, including killings. According to the information received, there has been an upsurge of violence against Christian religious minorities in Egypt by supporters of the ousted president, Mohamed Morsi. It is reported that they have attacked members of the Christian minority community, their property and religious objects in locations across Egypt since two pro-Morsi sit-ins were violently dispersed by the security forces. Since the military crackdown on demonstrations in Cairo on 14 August 2013, as many as 61 Egyptian churches have been attacked, vandalized and desecrated. Some attacks have been small scale attacks, while in other incidents churches have been fired on with bullets or gutted by fire. Mobs have also allegedly attacked several Christian schools, dozens of Christian-owned businesses and homes, and an orphanage. In addition, a number of killings and injuries of members of the Christian minority have been reported.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
02 Jan 2014
02 Jan 2014
    22 Aug 2013
    Uzbekistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary arrest and ill-treatment of a local Christian Protestant. According to the information received, Mr Sardorbek Nurmetov was arrested by the police and taken to Urgench Police Station where he reportedly was beaten in the chest and head, and kicked in the legs. Mr Nurmetov’s request for an ambulance was allegedly rejected and he was not allowed to move, drink water or go to the toilet. It is further alleged that two police officers broke into Mr Nurmetov’s house and confiscated Christian literature as well as other personal belongings. When Mr Nurmetov went to the hospital, the doctors reportedly refused to formally certify Mr Nurmetov’s injuries. It is also reported that Mr Nurmetov underwent a forensic examination at the request of the Urgench City Prosecutor’s Office. The results of the examination were sent to the police in Urgench, who subsequently opened an administrative case against Mr Nurmetov for illegally storing religious materials. Despite being pressured not to do so, Mr Nurmetov has filed a complaint against the chief of the local police.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
11 Nov 2013
    22 Aug 2013
    Kazakhstan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • health
Alleged psychiatric detention of two mentally fit human rights defenders. According to the information received, human rights lawyer, Ms Zinaida Moukhortova, who had been subjected to forced psychiatric treatment in the past, was seized from her home on 9 August 2013 and put in psychiatric detention. It is also alleged that a case was opened against human rights defender, Mr Aleksandr Kharlamov, on 25 January 2013 on charges of inciting religious hatred on the basis of atheist texts he has published. On 14 March 2013, he was arrested and, placed in psychiatric confinement. After passing a psychiatric exam Mr Kharlamov was moved to pre-trial detention and, at the time of transmission of this communication, his trial was on-going.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
22 Sep 2014
    22 Aug 2013
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged imminent execution and grave threats to the health of Dr Mohammad Ali Taheri. According to the information received, Dr Taheri, doctor and author of alternative medicine theories, was reportedly arrested on 4 May 2011, subjected to solitary confinement, torture, and mock executions, and deprived of the possibility of contacting a lawyer. In October 2011, he was allegedly convicted to seven years’ imprisonment, seventy-four lashes, and a fine of nine billion and one hundred million rials, for the crimes of apostasy (irtidad), threat against national security, offense against sacred Islamic beliefs, and spreading corruption on Earth (mufsid fil-ard). On 12 July 2013, Dr Taheri reportedly started his ninth hunger strike, which is still on-going. On 8 August 2013, Dr Taheri’s close family members were reportedly informed by officials of Evin Prison, where he is detained, that a death verdict had been rendered against him and that he would soon be executed.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
12 Feb 2014
    26 Jul 2013
    Uzbekistan
    AL
  • religion or belief
Alleged persecution of Mr Khayrullo Tursunov for peacefully practicing Islam. According to the information received, Mr Tursunov fled to Kazakhstan in September 2009, allegedly in fear of being persecuted for practicing his religious beliefs in Uzbekistan. Charges were brought against Mr Tursunov under several articles of Uzbekistan’s Criminal Code in January and February 2012, including for participating in a religious extremist organisations, proselytism, and incitement of religious hatred. Mr Tursunov was subsequently arrested by Kazakhstani authorities in April 2012 and extradited to Uzbekistan in March 2013, where Mr Tursunov has reportedly been sentenced to twelve years of imprisonment for alleged “extremist religious activity”.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
27 Sep 2013
    24 Jul 2013
    Myanmar
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • Myanmar
  • religion or belief
  • health
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary detention of a Rohingya Muslim community leader and human rights defender in relation to a population verification exercise in Rakhine State, Myanmar. According to information received, on 26 April 2013, Mr Kyaw Hla Aung was held in police custody for questioning in relation to protests against the population verification exercise and for supporting a movement aiming to create a Rohingya State.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Aug 2013
    22 Jul 2013
    China
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of excessive use of force in dispersing a peaceful religious gathering of Tibetans celebrating the birthday of the Dalai Lama. According to the information received, on 6 July 2013, when monks from Nyitso monastery and nuns from Gedhen Choeling nunnery, as well as laypeople, gathered at the bottom of the Machen Pomra mountain in Dawu, Ganzi county, to celebrate the birthday of the Dalai Lama, security forces brutally dispersed the peaceful crowd, opening fire and using tear gas. It is reported that several individuals were critically injured, as well as arrested and detained.
Alleged victims: 14
More details...
10 Sep 2013
    10 Jul 2013
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • health
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged death in custody of Mr Afshin Osanlou and ongoing detention of a number of others. According to the information received, Mr Afshin Osanlou, a trade unionist, who was serving a five-year sentence reportedly died from a heart attack in prison on 20 June 2013. His family was not informed of his death until 22 June 2013, although they had inquired about this whereabouts. Messrs Pastor Behnam Irani, Pastor Saeed Abedini, Ayatollah Hossein, Ghazi Heidari, Houtan Kian and Mohammad Reza Pourshajari and Ayatollah Hossein Kazemeyni Boroujerdi, all allegedly detained for their religious beliefs or for expressing their opinions, reportedly all face a high risk of dying in detention and are all in urgent need of medical attention.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
28 Feb 2014
    28 Jun 2013
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations concerning the revised Islamic Penal Code which provides for the use of the death penalty for some non-violent acts and discriminates against women and religious minorities. According to the information received, the revised Islamic Penal Code (IPC), which was approved by the Parliament and subsequently signed by the President on 1 June 2013, provides for the use of the death penalty for some non-violent acts and discriminates against women and religious minorities. It retains stoning as punishment and provides for the death penalty for sodomy for the non-Muslim party in same-sex relations; insulting the Prophet Mohammad; possessing or selling illicit drugs;, theft for the fourth time; Moharebeh (enmity against God) and Fisad-fil-arz (corruption on earth). The Code also incorporates diverse corporal punishments inter alia, amputation, flogging and crucifixion.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    11 Jun 2013
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged threats against the Central Assembly of God (AOG) Church in Tehran and harassment of its members. The security forces allegedly threatened the church with closure if it did not cease all its services in Farsi. During the week of 21 May 2013, authorities reportedly interrogated for five hours Pastor Vartan Avanessian, former superintendent of Iran’s AOG churches. On the same day, authorities allegedly raided Pastor Asserian’s house and confiscated some of his belongings, including computer equipment and books. They reportedly arrested him while he was leading a prayer meeting at the church. Prior to his arrest, on 23 December 2011, the police had arrested four other leaders of AOG Church in Ahwaz, including Pastor Farhad Sabokrouh, his wife Shahnaz Jeizan, Minister Naser Zamen Dezfuli, and Minister Davoud Alijani.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    05 Jun 2013
    United States of America
    JAL
  • indigenous peoples
  • religion or belief
Allegations concerning the increasing number of state-level regulations that restrict the religious freedoms of Native American prisoners. According to the information received, indigenous peoples in the United States face high rates of imprisonment with an approximate 29,700 Native Americans incarcerated in prisons across the country as of 2011. Reportedly, while in prison, a significant number of Native Americans rely upon their freedom to carry out traditional religious practices for rehabilitation purposes and as a means to maintain their identity as members of indigenous peoples. However, numerous recent regulations in state correctional facilities have allegedly restricted Native American prisoners from engaging in traditional religious practices and possessing religious items. It is further alleged that the majority of these regulations are modified or created without meaningful consultation with Native Americans beyond processes for general public comment.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
05 May 2014
16 Jul 2014
    30 May 2013
    Myanmar
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • Myanmar
  • religion or belief
Allegation of violation of the right to freedom of religion or belief and freedom of opinion and expression of a monk teaching the doctrine of an alternative Buddhist order. According to information received, U Ottama is imprisoned in Taunggyi Prison, Shan State, Myanmar for reportedly teaching a doctrine known as Moepyar. On 3 October 2012, the Kalaw Township Court in Shan State charged him with violating Section 295A of the Penal Code for insulting religion, and sentenced him to two years in prison. The Taunggyi District Court and Shan State High Court on 19 February 2013 reportedly dismissed the appeal without a hearing, and the matter is now pending before the Supreme Court.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Jul 2013
    07 May 2013
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • minority issues
Alleged detention on blasphemy charges and torture. According to the information received, on 21 March 2012, Mr. Hamid Hussain, a Shia Muslim, was arrested and subsequently accused of blasphemy in connection with the publishing and distribution of a booklet against the “holy personages and companions (Sahaba) of the Holy Prophet”. Mr. Hussain was allegedly tortured to confess his involvement in publishing the booklet and kept in solitary confinement for many days. Family members have accused the police officer in charge of the police investigation, the judge in charge of the case before the Anti-Terrorist Tribunal, and Landhi prison’s authorities of bribing the family to obtain money in exchange for Mr. Hussain’s exoneration and protection. It is further reported that witnesses and suspects to the case have failed to identify Mr. Hussain in connection to the blasphemy case. Members of the family have reportedly been threatened by the police and extremist groups for their involvement in the case. Lawyers have allegedly refused to take up Mr. Hussain’s case due to fear of reprisals from extremist groups.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    02 May 2013
    Sudan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged persecution of Christians and members of African ethnic groups, and withholding of licenses to new churches in Sudan. According to the information received, in December 2012, a campaign of repression against Christians in northern Sudan began as part of an alleged attempt to Islamise the country and eliminate the Christian presence. Arrests, deportations, detention and questioning by the security services, as well as confiscation of personal belongings of Christians and of those suspected of having links to them, have reportedly increased, particularly in Khartoum and Omodorum. It is also reported that members of African ethnic groups, particularly the Nuba, have been systematically targeted as part of the resurgence of an official agenda of Islamisation and Arabisation in the country. In addition, according to the information received, on 17 April 2013, the Government announced that no new licenses for building churches would be issued due to a lack of worshipers since South Sudan’s secession.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    26 Apr 2013
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged closing down of the Al Misbah Ahmadi mosque in the city of Bekasi, West Java, Indonesia. According to the information received, on 14 February 2013, the Administration of the city of Bekasi placed a sign in front of the Al Misbah mosque prohibiting any activities from being conducted there. In May 2013, members of the Public Order Agency reportedly locked the gates of the mosque leaving several members of Ahmadi congregation trapped inside for several hours. On 4 April 2013, members of the Public Order Agency allegedly installed a fence around the mosque preventing the Ahmadi congregation from carrying out religious activities there, leaving 40 members of the congregation locked inside the mosque.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    16 Apr 2013
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged deteriorating state of health of two men on hunger strike. According to the information received, Mr Kasra Nouri and Mr Saleheldin Moradi, both members of the Nematollahi Gonabadi Dervish religious order, have been on hunger strike since 16 January 2013, having switched to a dry hunger strike on 21 March 2013. They are reportedly in poor physical condition and have lost approximately 35 kilograms in weight, are experiencing difficulty talking and seeing and their nails have blackened due to malnutrition. They have also reportedly been subject to forced feeding by officials from the prison as well as the Ministry of Intelligence. Both are allegedly currently receiving fluids through intravenous drip. Mr Nouri was reportedly recently severely beaten in a facility run by Ministry of Intelligence.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
03 Feb 2014
    12 Apr 2013
    Viet Nam
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged harassment and threats against a Buddhist activist, writer and human rights defender. According to the information received, in June and July 2012, Mr. Le Cong Cau was prohibited from joining demonstrations during the massive crackdown on anti-China protesters around the country. Following an intensive 7-hour interrogation with regard to the articles he wrote online about the Communist Party’s policies on Buddhism and China, he was reportedly not allowed to leave his house which was surrounded by police. In March 2013, he was again summoned for another interrogation, which lasted for two and a half days. Security Police accused him of slandering the regime and spreading propaganda and, before releasing him, forced him to write a statement admitting that he had written articles criticizing the Communist Party.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
02 Jul 2013
    02 Apr 2013
    Myanmar
    JAL
  • Myanmar
  • religion or belief
Alleged violation of the right to freedom of religion or belief. According to the information received Mr. Ha Ri Shin Nyana, a 75 year old Buddhist monk, has been convicted and sentenced to 20 years in prison under section 67 of the Myanmar penal code. Mr. Nyana’s conviction is related to his activities in organizing and establishing an association which practiced a different form of Buddhism from the Theravada branch.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
09 Jul 2013
    28 Mar 2013
    Azerbaijan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Reported amendments to the Code of Administrative Offences, the law “On non-governmental organizations (public associations and foundations)” and the law “On grants” which will allegedly affect the work of religious organizations and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), including those working for the promotion and protection of human rights. According to the information received, on 15 February 2013, the Parliament of the Republic of Azerbaijan adopted new amendments to the mentioned legal texts which will imply increased penalties for violation of the requirement to register grants with the Ministry of Justice; will introduce liability (fines and confiscation) for carrying out activities under a grant in the absence of a grant agreement; and will only allow donations in cash to the amount of up to 200 AZN if the recipient is an NGO that has charitable activities indicated as a primary statutory purpose. It is reported that the legislative changes were submitted hastily to the Parliament without due consultation with civil society organizations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Aug 2013
    27 Mar 2013
    Turkey
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged risk of deportation, as well as of torture and execution in case the deportation takes place. According to the information received, Ms. Khadihej Mohibati, a citizen of the Islamic Republic of Iran, is at risk of being deported on 28 March 2013 from Turkey to the Islamic Republic of Iran, following a deportation order issued on 13 March 2013 by the Nevsehir Police Department in Turkey. Allegedly, if forcibly returned to the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ms. Mohibati is at high risk of being tortured and executed, due to the pending death penalty sentence imposed against her by a court in Tehran in 2008 for changing her religion from Islam to Christianity, as well as for engaging in non-coercive persuasion of others to change their religion.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
09 Apr 2013
    26 Mar 2013
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged persecution against Tibetans who express their views regarding freedom of religion and autonomy in the Tibet Autonomous Region. According to the information received, on 10 February 2013 six Tibetan men were arrested in Zuogang county, Qamdo Prefecture for their alleged involvement in a peaceful demonstration calling for religious freedom and autonomy in the Tibet Autonomous Region. Their identities, condition and whereabouts were reportedly unknown. Reports also indicate that, on 10 February 2013, six Tibetan monks were detained after staging a peaceful protest in response to restrictions introduced by Chinese authorities at the Drakdeb Monastery in Mangkang county, Qamdo Prefecture. Details on the six detained monks, their whereabouts and their conditions were reportedly unknown. Further information indicates that, on 21 February 2013, Mr. Ngawang Topden, a Tibetan student who had been arrested in the city of Lhasa in October 2012 for storing in his mobile phone images of Tibetans self-immolations and the Tibetan flag, was sentenced to two years of prison. Reports further indicate that on 1 September 2012, five monks were arrested during a surprise raid on the Nyatso Zilkar Monastery, in Chenduo county in Yushu, Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province. The monks were identified as Mr. Lobsang Jinpa, Mr. Sonam Sherab, Mr. Sonam Yignyen, Mr. Ngawang Monlam and Mr. Kalsang Tsultrim. Three of the detainees were sentenced to prison (the latest on 23 February 2013), two were hospitalized after being allegedly beaten and tortured while held in detention, and one was released. The whereabouts of Mr. Jinpa were reportedly unknown at the time this communication was sent. It was also reported that, on 10 March 2013, three Tibetan monks from Ganden Samten Dhargyeling Monastery, Mr. Lobsang Samten, Mr. Sonam Namgyal and Mr. Thupten Gelek, as well as two lay Tibetan men, Mr. Ngawang Gyatso and Mr. Lobsang Kelsang, were arrested in connection to their involvement in a peaceful demonstration in Dzachuka area in Serxu County. Their whereabouts were reportedly unknown.
Alleged victims: 11
More details...
28 May 2013
    22 Mar 2013
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • housing
  • minority issues
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alleged increasing climate of violence in the context of the protests related to the trials before the Bangladesh International Crimes Tribunal. According to the information received, large-scale protests have been held across Bangladesh since 5 February 2013. The protests were reportedly triggered by the pronouncement of verdicts against the leaders of the opposition Party Jamaat-e-Islami before the Bangladesh International Crimes Tribunal. It is alleged that the protests turned violent, leading to clashes and attacks, including lethal attacks, perpetrated by both State and non-State actors. At least 88 persons were allegedly killed from 5 February to 5 March 2013. A large number of deaths were reportedly caused by the excessive use of force by the security forces while policing the protests. It is reported that serious attacks occurred against the members of the Hindu community, as well as against journalists and other media workers. At the time of drafting this communication, the protests and the ensuing violence in Bangladesh was still on-going. The proceedings undertaken and the sentences pronounced by the Bangladesh International Crimes Tribunal have been the subject of previous communications (see A/HRC/22/67, case no BGD 6/2012 and BGD 8/2012, and A/HRC/23/51, case no BGD 3/2013).
Alleged victims: 38
More details...
    13 Feb 2013
    Iraq
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged abduction of a minor girl by a man, for the purpose of marriage and converting her to Islam. According to the information received, on 9 January 2013, Ms X, an 11-year old girl from the Yazidi community of northern Iraq was forcefully abducted by Mr. Y of the Goran tribe, from Kalakchi village. Mr. Y is a 20-year old vegetable vendor who has been selling his produce at the market of Sheikha. Ms X was forced into a car and taken away by Mr. Y. The alleged intention of Mr. Y was to marry the girl, and it is feared that she may have been raped. It is reported that the two individuals have since married. The father of the abducted girl reported the incident to police authorities, including to the Alqush Police Station which forwarded the file to the Telkaif Court. Furthermore, the father opened a case with the Shekhan Court, which belongs to the Kurdistan Regional Government, but no investigation or prosecution had taken place at the time of sending the communication.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    28 Jan 2013
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged detention and attacks against a Christian on allegations of committing “actions against the national security of Iran”. According to the information received, on 26 September 2012, Mr. Saeed Abedinigalangashi, an Iranian-US citizen, was arrested in the Islamic Republic of Iran before catching a flight back to the United States of America, where he resides. He has been held in Evin prison, Iran, ever since. His lawyer was denied access to the detainee and his file, and no information was provided about the charges brought against him. On 14 January 2012, his lawyer was reportedly informed that Mr. Abedinigalangashi’s trial would start on 21 January 2013, and allowed access to his file. Mr. Abedinigalangashi has allegedly been held in solitary confinement for four weeks and subjected to beating while in prison. Mr Abedinigalangashi was previously summoned to court in 2005 on account of his religious activity and was detained in 2009. He was released after agreeing to cease his involvement with the ‘house churches”.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    18 Jan 2013
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
Alleged attack on, and stabbing of, a prominent blogger in Dhaka. According to the information received, on 14 January 2013, Mr. Asif Mohiuddin was attacked by three unidentified men as he was leaving his office in Uttara district. He was stabbed several times in the neck and back and was in critical condition at the time of sending the communication. Mr. Mohiuddin is a prominent blogger, whose Bengali language blog “Almighty only in name, but impotent in reality” is reportedly one of the most visited websites in Bangladesh. In his blog, Mr. Mohiuddin, who is an atheist, frequently criticized religion, and also provided commentaries on free speech and other human rights issues.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
29 Jan 2013
    16 Jan 2013
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
Alleged arrest and detention of a freelance journalist, and judicial harassment of further journalists for peacefully criticizing the President and the Government. According to information received, Mr. Mohamed Sabry was arrested and detained on 4 January 2013 by members of the armed forces while filming a report for Reuters in a military zone in Rafah near the Egyptian-Gaza border. Mr. Sabry was allegedly prevented from contacting his lawyer and his family before having been placed into detention. He was charged with trespassing and filming in a prohibited military zone (Articles 80(e)2 and 80(e)4 of the Penal Code), and at the time the communication was sent, he was detained at the Central Prison of Arish and was scheduled to appear before a military court on 9 January 2013. Mr. Bassem Youssef, a satirist and host of a CBC TV show El-Bernameg, was at the time of sending the communication under investigation on charges of denigrating the head of state. Complaints were also reportedly filed against the daily newspaper Al-Masri Al-Youm and several of its journalists, including Mr. Yousri Al-Badri and Ms. Doaa El-Adl, by the President’s office, accusing them of ‘spreading false news endangering public peace and security and affecting the presidency’. Ms. El-Adl, the paper’s cartoonist, was also reportedly facing investigation in connection with a cartoon which was deemed to have offended religion.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    11 Jan 2013
    Egypt
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of violence in the context of protests in Cairo, including killings, injuries and acts of torture and sexual harassment. According to the information received, on 5 December 2012 pro President Morsi groups attacked government opposition protesters, those attacks reportedly continuing until the early hours of the following day. A total of five individuals were killed (Mohamoud Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohamed Khalaf Eissa, Mohamed Mamdouh Ahmed El Husseiny, Mohamed Mohamed El Senoussi and Dr. Karam Guirguis, in addition to another 697 injured. Moreover, three more deaths have been reported from Al Zahraa Hospital (Hani Mohamed Sayed Al Imam, Alaa Tewfiq and an unidentified body). Pro President Morsi groups allegedly tortured some of the protesters. It is further reported that Security forces did not intervene until late. Engineer Mina Philip Gadwas was allegedly stripped of his clothes and brutally tortured. It has been alleged that Ola Shebaya, a woman human rights defender, was brutally beaten, sexually harassed and abducted. According to sources, pro-government protesters stated that they arrested two opposition protesters because they were found to be Christians. Pro President Morsi groups allegedly attacked and attempted to destroy the Satellite transmission units set up by Egyptian state television to cover the protests. Journalist Al Housseiny Abu Deif was allegedly shot and reported to be in the hospital, in a highly critical situation.
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
    21 Dec 2012
    Iraq
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • terrorism
Alleged religious intolerance, arbitrary detention, summary execution, torture and unfair trial proceedings. According to the information received, on 19 January 2007, individuals from the Followers of Imam Ahmed El Hassan El Yamani (al-Mahdi) group were attacked in the city of Najaf, their schools burned down and their books confiscated or burnt. On 18 January 2008, a Shi’a sanctuary along with other residences and mosques was attacked by army and police forces in the cities of Basra and Nassiriya, which reportedly resulted in the summary executions of at least 18 unarmed members of the Followers of Imam Ahmed El Hassan El Yamani and 378 arrests. Detainees were purportedly subjected to torture and ill-treatment and detained for extended periods waiting for their trials. All but 45 of the detainees were eventually released. On 26 February 2009, the Appeal Criminal Court of Zi Kar Governorate convicted 28 of the accused to death sentences (pending imminent execution), including Najah Taleb Salman, Ghanem Archij Salem, Rahim Bashi Awad, Sabah Nuri Dagher, Mahmoud Razzak Mohamed, Ali Attia Rahima, Haider Kadhem Doeij, Hussein Sharif Mazuk, Abdullah Naim Delli, Mohamed Sharif Mazuk, Mohamed Jawad Hussein, Aqeel Kassem Mohamed, Hassan Charif Marzuk, Hussein Abd El Zahra Ouda, Mohamed Ali Hattab, Dia’ Azib Lahoud, Akil Jassem Mohamed, Azhar Thajil Edham, Fadel Mohamed Cha’in, Ali Dakhil Salem, Ala’ Khalaf Abed Ali, Haidar Youssef Aziz, Thaeir Hattab Ati, Mohamed Abed Al Amir Jaafar, Kazem Wahid Hussein, Ahmed Hachem Jaber, Hussein Archik Salem and Ghassan Monzer Mahouss, and 16 to life imprisonment.
Alleged victims: 29
More details...
    20 Dec 2012
    United States of America
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Alleged possible trial of a conscientious objector. According to the information received, Ms. Kimberly Rivera left the army without authorization while on leave from deployment to Iraq in early 2007. Ms. Rivera went to Canada after she made a decision that she could no longer morally participate in the war in Iraq or any other conflict. When she was in Canada, Ms. Rivera spoke out publicly about her objection to the conflict in Iraq. It has been reported that Ms. Rivera has been detained by the US military authorities since 20 September 2012 and may be tried before a court martial. If convicted, Ms. Rivera could face up to five years of imprisonment.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
08 Apr 2013
    18 Dec 2012
    Gambia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • disappearances
Alleged arrest and continued detention of human rights defender. According to the information received, on 3 December 2012, Imam Baba Leigh, prominent Imam and supporter of the promotion and protection of human rights in Gambia, was arrested close to his home by two civilian clothed men, who reportedly identified themselves as officers of the National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The officers reportedly informed Imam Baba Leigh that he was being taken to NIA headquarters for questioning, without providing additional information. Imam Baba Leigh was reportedly detained in an unknown location by the NIA and had not been provided with access to a lawyer and to family members. It is further reported that no charges had been presented. Sources also indicate that the evening of his arrest, Imam Baba Leigh had earlier delivered a sermon at Kanifing East Mosque, during which he expressed concern at the state execution of nine prisoners in August 2012, and at other reported killings in the country.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
19 Dec 2012
    30 Nov 2012
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Alleged possible blasphemy charges against a law lecturer in Aceh. According to the information received, Mr. Mirza Alfath has been voicing some criticisms concerning the implementation of the Sharia Law on his Facebook page. On 3 July 2012, Mr. Alfath reportedly wrote on the Facebook page his opinions on Sharia Law that had caused Mr. Teuku Zulkhairi, a Muslim activist, to react by writing a letter to Serambi, the largest daily newspaper in Aceh, on 20 November 2012 complaining that Mr. Alfath had allegedly insulted Islam. Subsequently, an angry mob reportedly went to Mr. Alfath’s house in the evening of 20 November 2012, throwing stones and planning to attack him. The police came allegedly to secure Mr. Alfath but he was taken into police custody where he remains to the present day.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    29 Nov 2012
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged interrogation and deportation of human rights defender and withdrawal of citizenship of 31 political activists. According to the information received, on 15 November 2012, Dr. Nada Dhaif, along with her husband and two children, were denied access to Kuwait and were subsequently deported. Upon their arrival at Alniuissib Port, Dr. Dhaif was allegedly separated from her family and interrogated on her role in alleged anti-Government protests. She was reportedly also questioned on her and her husband’s religion, and was denied legal representation during the interrogation. Dr. Dhaif, Chairperson of Bahrain Rehabilitation and Anti-Violence Organization, was subsequently informed that her name was on a list of Bahraini citizens who were denied entry to Kuwait, reportedly provided by the Government of Bahrain in July 2012. Furthermore, on 7 November 2012, the Ministry of the Interior published a list of names of 31 individuals, whose Bahraini citizenship was allegedly revoked by the Ministry on the grounds that the listed persons were allegedly “damaging the security of the State”. Of the published names, the majority are reportedly Shiite political activists, two of which are human rights defenders: Mr. Abbas Omran and Mr. Taymour Karimi. 19 of the 31 listed individuals do not reportedly hold another nationality and are therefore now stateless.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
08 Jan 2013
    21 Nov 2012
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Allégation concernant l'adoption d'une nouvelle constitution par l'Assemblée Nationale Constituante (ANC) de la Tunisie qui pourrait compromettre la jouissance des droits de l'homme dans le pays, en particulier le droit à la liberté de religion ou de conviction ainsi que le droit à la liberté d'opinion et d'expression. Selon les informations reçues, le 14 août 2012, l'ANC aurait publié une compilation d’avant-projets des différents articles de la Constitution qui sont en cours d'examen par le Comité de coordination et par six commissions permanentes de l'ANC. Selon le calendrier proposé, l’ANC examinera probablement le projet complet de la Constitution en mars 2013. Certains avant-projets d'articles visent à garantir la liberté de religion ou de conviction et la liberté d'opinion et d'expression; néanmoins, d'autres sections du projet de constitution pourraient porter atteinte à la jouissance de ces droits.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    16 Nov 2012
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged break-in at human rights association and acts of harassment and intimidation against its staff. According to the information received, the office of the Centre for Human Rights Education (CHRE)-Pakistan was broken into on 25 October 2012 and three computers were stolen. After a complaint was filed with the local police, Mr. Naeem Haroon, CHRE’s program coordinator, received an anonymous phone call saying that the computers will not be returned as a result of the case having been recorded with the police. Unknown individuals have been observed outside CHRE’s office and outside the homes of CHRE staff members, including CHRE’s director, Mr. Samson Salamat, and its finance officer, Mr. Naveed Raphael. Individuals claiming to be public officials, notably from the tax authority, have approached staff members and their neighbours with a view to getting information from them while not being able to provide any official identification. It is reported that this has come about following a number of public events organized by CHRE to raise awareness about social exclusion and religious extremism and their impact on the human rights situation in Pakistan.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
19 Nov 2012
    22 Oct 2012
    Myanmar
    JAL
  • Myanmar
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged discriminatory restrictions and systematic violations of the right to freedom of religion or belief of Chin Christians in Myanmar. According to the information received, Chin Christians face many difficulties in getting permission to renovate or construct a church or to erect a Christian cross. Reportedly, they had to resort to using “house” churches but more than 100 churches, including “house” churches were allegedly closed down by the authorities in 2010. Furthermore, Chin Christians must also get permission for religious gathering; even when permission is obtained, gathering is often disbanded by the army. Between 1992 and 2009, 15 separate incidents of monasteries and pagodas were allegedly built using forced labour of the Chin Christians and on land forcibly confiscated from them. It was further alleged that the Chin Christians faced immense pressure to convert during food security crisis in order to obtain humanitarian aid. Many Chin Christian students face induced and coerced conversions at Na Ta La schools or are subjected to harsh punishment, hard labour and de facto military conscription.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    18 Oct 2012
    Armenia
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged continued prosecution, conviction and imprisonment of Jehovah’s Witnesses for their conscientious objection to military service in Armenia. According to the information received, there are more than 40 conscientious objectors in Armenian prisons. Further 29 conscientious objectors have been reportedly convicted and/or prosecuted since July 2011. In February 2012, appeals were filed on behalf of 52 conscientious objectors requesting their immediate release and the clearance of their criminal records, but the Cassation Court allegedly rejected all. 23 new conscientious objectors have been called to perform military service in 2012. On 7 May 2012, an application was submitted to the Government requesting that their call-up be postponed until genuine alternative civilian service is offered to conscientious objectors. The application was reportedly ignored and criminal prosecutions were launched in some of these cases.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 Dec 2012
    12 Oct 2012
    Kazakhstan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged arrest and risk of extradition of an Uzbek citizen facing religious persecution in Uzbekistan. According to the information received, Mr. Makhset Abdullayevich Djabbarbergenov,an Uzbek citizen, converted to Christianism in 2000 and became an active house church leader in Nukus, the capital of Karakalpakstan Republic. An arrest warrant was reportedly issued against him on 20 August 2007. Mr. Djabbarbergenov fled to Kazakhstan to avoid his arrest. On 26 February 2008, UNHCR granted refugee status to Mr. Djabbarbergenov, however this was reportedly revoked later by the Ministry of Migration of Kazakhstan. Mr. Djabbarbergenov appealed the decision in court but the appeal was allegedly rejected on a number of occasions. The case is now pending a decision by the Supreme Court of Kazakhstan. Meanwhile, in February 2012 Mr. Djabbarbergenov was put on a wanted list of the Commonwealth of Independent States and an arrest with a view to his extradition was issued against him. Reportedly, Mr. Djabbarbergenov was subsequently detained by police officers in Almaty, Kazakhstan, and is currently waiting for a decision regarding his extradition.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    03 Oct 2012
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged detention and attacks against an atheist on allegations of “Defamation of Religion”. According to the information received, on 13 September 2012, a crowd gathered in front of Mr. Albert Saber Ayyad’s apartment with the intention of attacking him over a video he had posted that was viewed to be “defaming” Islam. Mr. Ayyad’s mother called the police for protection but when the police arrived, they arrested Mr. Ayyad and confiscated his computer and a CD, without a warrant. Mr. Ayyad was allegedly attacked by the crowd while he was transferred to the El-Marg police station. He was also allegedly attacked by inmates at the police station, after the arresting officer reportedly told them that Mr. Ayyad insulted Islam. Mr. Ayyad was charged with defamation of religion based on Article 98 of the Egyptian Penal Code and interrogated for hours about his religious beliefs. His lawyer was allegedly sent out of the interrogation room after commenting on the inappropriateness of the line of questioning. An appeal against the detention order was filed by a group of human rights organizations but reportedly denied.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
01 Nov 2012
    02 Oct 2012
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged arbitrary detention of two Ahmadiyah Muslim community members in a jail located in al-Aziziya, in the ‘Ar-‘Ar area. According to the information received, on May 14 2012, Mr. Sultan al-Enezi and Mr. Saud al-Enezi were detained by the police without formal charges being brought against them. While in custody, the police and scholars from the Ministry of Islamic Affairs have reportedly visited them daily to convince them to recant their faith, and threatened them with the death penalty if they failed to do so. In the jail where they were held, they allegedly had limited means of communication with the outside world. The local Ahmadiyya Muslim community feared that they would be charged with apostasy, which carries the death penalty.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    28 Sep 2012
    India
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of new acts of harassment against members of the Peoples Movement Against Nuclear Energy (PMANE) and other human rights defenders. According to the information received, on 10 September 2012, law enforcement authorities brutally repressed a peaceful demonstration near the Koodankulam plant raising concerns related to adverse effects on their health and livelihoods. Women, men and children were reportedly beaten and some were subsequently admitted to hospital. Those injured included Mr. Udayakumar, Mr. Sahaya Initha, Ms. Initha, Ms. Chennammal, Ms. Jesu Ammal,. Mr. Gnanaprakasam, Mr. David, Mr. Gloudin, Mr. Jeniker, Mr. Selvan,. Mr. Joseph, Mr. Michael,. Mr. Valan, Mr. Thangasamy, Mr. Jeniker, Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Selson, Mr. Siluvai John and Mr. Jesu. Messrs. Selson, Siluvai John and Jesu were reportedly hospitalised and later transferred to an unknown location. Several demonstrators, including four minors, were arrested and charged with offences, including sedition and rioting, under which they face life imprisonment. Warrants have also been issued for the arrest of Mr. Udayakumar and his associate Mr. Pushparayan.In addition, several media personnel were injured while covering the peaceful protest. In the aftermath of the protest, the police reportedly desecrated the Lourdu Matha shrine, breaking idols and spitting and urinating inside the church. Finally, a number of peaceful protests in solidarity with PMANE took place in the following days and were repressed, most notably in Manappad, Thoothukudi district, where Mr. Anthony Samywas reportedly shot dead while peacefully demonstrating. Messrs Suseendaran, Vivekanandan and Thirumurugan were arrested while extending solidarity for students protesting of Nandanam Arts and Science College. Another protestor, Mr. Sahayam Francis, died of a heart attack after a plane belonging to the India Coastal Guards reportedly flew at a very low altitude where protestors had gathered again near the Koodankulam plant. Members of PMANE were the subject of an earlier communication (see above, case no IND 6/2012).
Alleged victims: 29
More details...
08 Aug 2013
    20 Sep 2012
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of disproportionate use of force during demonstrations, resulting in the death of two protesters. According to the information received, on 9 July 2012, in the Qatif Province, a demonstration organized in response to the arrest of a prominent Shiite activist, Sheikh Nimr Baqr al-Nimr, was met with excessive use of force by law enforcement officials resulting in the death of protesters Mr. Akbar al-Shakuri and Mr. Mohammed al-Filfil. A number of participants were arrested and charged with illegal gathering. On 25 July 2012, hundreds of people gathered in Jeddah to protest against the detention of their relatives, but the police used tear gas bombs, rubber and live bullets to dispense the protesters injuring dozens of them. Around 14 protesters were reportedly arrested, including seven children. Amongst those arrested was Mr. Mohamed Al Shakoury, whose brother was killed during the 9 July demonstrations.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    05 Sep 2012
    Libya
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • minority issues
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged destruction of religious and historic sites, desecration of graves, intimidation and the excessive use of force against protesters. According to the information received, attacks on Sufi sites in Tripoli began in October 2011. In late August, some armed assailants reportedly launched a series of attacks destroying Sidi Abdul- Salam al-Asmar al-Fituri, Asmariya Islamic University complex, al-Sha'ab Mosque, shrine of Sheik Ahmad Zaruq, Gurgi Mosque, Uthman Pasha Madrassa and desecrating Sufi Muslim graves in Tripoli, Misurata, Derna and Zliten. The Ministry of the Interior had allegedly “authorised” the operation and maintained that the Supreme Security Council (SSC) forces did not seek to stop the demolition in order to “maintain order” and to avoid violence. It was reported that peaceful protestors of the demolition of the Al-Sha’ab mosque were obstructed from protesting by armed men while several demonstrators were physically threatened and intimidated. Nabil Shebani, a journalist from the Libyan television station, Alassema, was also reported to be detained whilst attempting to report on the destruction of the Al-Sha’ab mosque. An imam of a Tripoli mosque, Ashraf Jerbi, who took part in the protest, was physically intimidated and subjected to cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment by Libyan security forces after being detained.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
07 Sep 2012
    31 Aug 2012
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegation that a new “Bill on Societal Organizations” can unduly restrict the right to freedom of association. According to the information received, on 3 October 2011 the House of Representatives of the People's Consultative Assembly established a Special Committee (Panitia Khusus) to draft a “Bill on Societal Organizations”. It is reported that consultations with civil society organizations were held in late November 2011. The bill contains a number of provisions that regulate foreign “societal organizations” operating in the country. It has been reiterated that some of the provisions can have a serious impact on foreign civil society organizations in Indonesia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    27 Aug 2012
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged accusation of blasphemy against human rights defenders. According to the information received, on 8 June 2012, a blasphemy accusation was filed against Ms. Shazia Parveen, Ms. Najma Khalil and Messrs. Anjum Raza Mattu and Imran Anjum by kiln owner Mr. X. Ms. Parveen, Ms. Khalil and Messrs. Mattu and Anjum are staff members of Insan Dost Association (IDA), a human rights organization based in Punjab which works for the promotion and protection of the rights of bonded labourers and their families, including kiln workers. It is alleged that Mr. Y also accused IDA of being involved in anti-government activities and has called for its registration to be revoked. The first hearing of the case reportedly took place on 9 July, during which the complainant allegedly presented two witnesses who claimed that IDA staff members convert Muslim persons to Christianity. A decision on whether the accused will be charged with blasphemy would reportedly be made on 27 August. Sources indicate that if convicted, the four accused face a sentence of life imprisonment or the death penalty.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
27 Aug 2012
    21 Aug 2012
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged attacks on Shi’a Community and blasphemy charges their religious leader in Sampang, Madura of East Java, Indonesia. According to the information received, there have been multiple attacks against the Shi’a community, their places of worship and religious leader, Mr. Ali Murtadho alias Tajul Muluk, in Nangkrenang village of Sampang, East Java since 2006. Reportedly, On 4 April 2011, a group of people claiming themselves as Ahl as-sunnah wa al-Jamaah (Sunni), besieged Nangkrenang village to stop the celebration of Maulid of the Prophet Muhammad organized by the Shi’a followers at Tajul Muluk’s residence. Following another attack on 29 December 2011, about 335 villages, including at least 107 children were reportedly evacuated to a temporary shelter at a sports complex in Sampang. On 1 January 2012, the Sampang branch of the Indonesia Ulema Council (MUI) allegedly issued a religious decree (fatwa) declaring Tajul Muluk’s teachings as deviant teachings. Subsequently, Tajul Muluk was tried before the Sampang District Court for blasphemy on 24 April 2012 and 12 July 2012. On 12 July 2012, the District Court disregarded the witnesses’ testimonies and concluded that Tajul Muluk’s views on the non-authenticity of the existing Quran have desecrated Islam, hence, sentencing him to two years imprisonment.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Aug 2012
    Egypt
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • housing
  • minority issues
Alleged loss of homes and businesses of the Coptic Christian community by sectarian violence in the village of Dahshur. According to the information received, on 27 July 2012, Mr. Sameh Samy, a Coptic Christian laundryman, inadvertently burned the shirt of a Muslim client, Mr. Ahmad Ramadan. Despite the agreement by both men to settle the grievance that evening, Mr. Ramadan allegedly returned in the afternoon with about 3000 armed Muslims and surrounded Mr. Samy’s house and laundrette. As the fighting intensified, Mr. Samy hurled a fire bomb which hit a Muslim passer-by, Mr. Moaz Hasab-Allah who died from third degree burns on 31 July 2012. 120 families reportedly fled the village on the same day for fear of the revenge attacks. On 1 August 2012, it was reported that hundreds of Muslims torched and looted homes and businesses of Coptic Christian community in the village, and the security forces present during the incident allegedly did not protect most Coptic properties except for the small church of St. George and some houses close to the church.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    09 Aug 2012
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • education
  • disappearances
  • minority issues
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged systematic undermining of the autonomous functions and the rights to freedom of religion, culture and expression of the Tibetan Buddhist community. According to the information received, new management policies of the monasteries and patriotic re-education or legal education campaigns in the Tibet Autonomous Region have led to the closure of monasteries and the violation of freedom of religion or belief. Tibetans are allegedly restrained from observing certain religious holidays or celebrations. Furthermore, there have reportedly been 46 cases of self-immolation since 2009; about 600 Tibetans were detained after the first incident of self-immolation in Lhasa while several hundreds of Tibetans were expelled from Lhasa. There were also reports of the arrests of Tibetan pilgrims who attended a ten-day teaching - the Kalachakra Initiation- given by the Dalai Lama in India. As many as 64 Tibetan intellectuals, including artists, writers, singers and teachers were allegedly arrested for exercising their right to freedom of expression and participation in cultural life especially after March 2008. Allegedly, the whereabouts of 37 of the detained intellectuals, including artists, are unknown.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
28 Sep 2012
    07 Aug 2012
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged attacks on the Ahmadiyah place of worship and followers by the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) in Singaparna and Batam. According to the information received, on 20 April 2012, FPI members attacked Baitul Rahim mosque in Singaparna, West Java after the FPI leader delivered a speech at the mosque asserting that it should be closed down. Some mosque properties were reportedly destroyed. Before and during the attack, the police was allegedly present but did not take any measures to prevent it. On 27 April 2012 in Batam, the FPI members went to the Ruko Nagoya, an Ahmadiyah religious place, and took away all the books, Qurans and pictures of the fourth Ahmadiyah’s Khalifah; and allegedly assaulted Mubaligh Nasrun, the Ahmadiyah leader in that location. Reportedly, the FPI members took Mr. Nasrun and two other Ahmadiyah members, Messrs. Suwadi and Arief, to the Barelang District Police Station demanding the police to detain three of them, close down Ruko Nagoya or make them denounce their faith.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    03 Aug 2012
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • health
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged denial of access to medical treatment of a pastor in Ghezal Hesar Prison. According to the information received, Pastor Benham Irani was arrested on 31 May 2011, and transferred to Ghezal Hesar Prison where he is currently serving his sentences. Pastor Behnam Irani has allegedly been denied hospital treatment for severe bleeding due to stomach ulcers and complications with his colon that have caused him to lose consciousness temporarily. It was reported that Pastor Irani has received death threats from fellow prisoners and sustained regular beatings from his cell mates and prison authorities. It is reported that as a result of injuries sustained during these assaults, he has difficulty walking. Pastor Irani also has problem with his vision and is in poor health. Pastor Irani was the subject of previous communications (see A/HRC/18/51, IRN 4/2011).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    27 Jul 2012
    Mauritania
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • terrorism
  • slavery
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégation de détentions de défenseurs de droits de l’homme et procédures judiciaires à leur encontre en violation du droit à un procès équitable. Selon les informations reçues, M. Biram Ould Dah Ould Abeid, président de l’Initiative pour la Résurgence du Mouvement Abolitionniste en Mauritanie (IRA), ainsi que M. Yacoub Diarra, M. Abidine Ould Maatala, M. Ahmed Hamdy Ould Hamar Vall, M. Boumediane Ould Batta, M. Leid Ould Lemlih et M. Oudeid Ould Imgine , membres et sympathisants de l’IRA, sont en détention depuis leur arrestation le 28 avril 2012. Leurs arrestations feraient suite à la destruction par le feu, par M. Ould Dah Ould Abeid, de livres de droit islamique qui seraient, selon lui, utilisés pour justifier l’esclavage. Le 2 mai 2012, M. Ould Dah Ould Abeid et des sympathisants de l’IRA auraient été présentés à un magistrat et accusés d’atteinte à la sûreté de l’Etat, d’obscénité et de violation du Code des Associations, sans la présence de leurs avocats. M. Ould Dah Ould Abeid a fait l’objet de communications antérieures (voir A/HRC/18/51, MRT 3/2010).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    19 Jul 2012
    Eritrea
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • health
Alleged seven-year incommunicado detention and violation of the right to freedom of religion. According to the information received, Patriarch Abune Antonios of the Eritrean Orthodox Tewhado Church was put under house arrest in January 2006 for refusing to excommunicate 3,000 members of the Medhane Alem Sunday School movement and calling for the release of other imprisoned Christians. On 27 May 2007, Patriarch Antonios was forcibly removed from his residence and brought to an undisclosed location. He has since then been detained incommunicado. Patriarch Antonios, who is 85 years old, has allegedly been denied medical assistance for his severe diabetes and deteriorating health. Patriarch Antonios has also been allegedly denied access to religious support and has not been able to celebrate the Holy Eucharist and observe special feast days. This case was the subject of an earlier communication (see A/HRC/7/10/Add.1, para 91 ).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    13 Jul 2012
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged imminent execution of a follower of the Ahl-e Haqq faith in Mahabad prison. According to the information received, Mr. Yunes Aghayan, a follower of the Ahl-e Haqq (Yarsan/Yari) faith in the village of Ooch-Tappeh was sentenced to death on the charge of “mohareb” (enmity against God) on the basis of “armed resistance against the Islamic Republic of Iran” for his participation in clashes between the police and followers of his faith. On 20 June 2012, Mr. Yunes Aghayan was reportedly transferred from Orumiyeh Prison to Mahabad Police Headquarters, suggesting that his execution may be imminent. . Allegedly on 23 June 2012, the Head of Mahabad Prison Sentence Enforcement Unit stated that they were awaiting orders from the Supreme Court, and if Mr. Aghayan’s sentence was finalized, the execution would take place over the coming days This case was the subject of an earlier communication (see A/HRC/13/40/Add.1, para 147).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Sep 2012
    12 Jul 2012
    Viet Nam
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of harassment and intimidation of individuals participating or attempting to participate in peaceful protests across the country. According to the information received, on 30 June 2012, following calls made by the patriarch Thich Quang Do, Supreme Patriarch of the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam (UBCV), as well as bloggers, to peacefully protest against the alleged recent incursions of Chinese vessels into areas of the South China Sea, police forces cordoned the Thanh Minh Zen Monastery in Ho Chi Minh City, where the patriarch Thich Quang Do has reportedly been under de facto house arrest, as well as the Giac Hoa Pagoda, where the Secretariat of the UBCV is located and which is the residence of Venerable Thich Vien Dinh, UBCV’s deputy leader. Police reportedly also raided the private quarters of Venerable Thich Thien Hanh, head of the UBCV’s provincial committee in Hue. On 1 July 2012, a series of peaceful demonstrations were reportedly held across the country. In Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, bloggers were reportedly harassed, put under surveillance, and briefly detained by the police. These include Ms. Nguyen Hoang Vi. In Hue and Ho Chi Minh City, all the monks, nuns and other Buddhist followers who tried to join the protests were allegedly either apprehended on their way to the protests, or prevented from leaving their pagoda or homes. In Hue, police forces reportedly attacked UBCV followers at the An Cuu bridge.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
27 Sep 2012
    11 Jul 2012
    Sri Lanka
    AL
  • religion or belief
Alleged assault by a Buddhist Monk teacher on a student in the Kandy District. According to the information received, Mr. X, a 14 year-old student at Mahanama College Geatam was assaulted by his teacher, Mr. Y, when he refused to learn Buddhism by stating that he is a Catholic. Mr. X was allegedly assaulted until his left ear started bleeding and was left without recourse to any medical treatment while he was also told not to tell anyone about the assault. Mr. X reportedly became ill and was hospitalized in the following days. His father, Mr. Z, filed a complaint with the Kandy Police (WCIB 1/84/16) despite some threats of violence from Mr. Y.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
14 Jun 2013
    09 Jul 2012
    Mali
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • cultural rights
Alleged destruction of cultural and religious sites inscribed on the World Heritage List, as well as the ban on music by Ansar Dine group in the cities of Timbuktu, Gao and Kida. According to the information received, on 1 July 2012, the armed members of Ansar Dine group attacked a cemetery located in the south of Timbuktu in the suburb of the eponymous Djingareyber mosque built in 1327 and destroyed the tombs of Sidi Mahmoud, Sidi Moctar and Alpha Moya. On the following day, they attacked Cheikh el-Kebir's mausoleum. The western gate of Sidi Yahia mosque was also destroyed. Ansar Dine spokesman allegedly claimed that the group was acting in the name of God and threatened to destroy every mausoleum in the city without exception. Reportedly, the Ansar Dine group also issued a ban on music in Timbuktu, Gao and Kidal as soon as they took control of these areas in April 2012.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 Jul 2012
    Tunisia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • cultural rights
Allégations relatives à des atteintes commises à l’encontre des libertés artistique et académique en Tunisie, sous la pression notamment de groupes dits « salafistes ». Selon les informations reçues, de graves incidents, impliquant violences et menaces contre des artistes et des membres du personnel académique, se seraient produits, en juin 2012 à l’occasion de la tenue de la foire d’art contemporain « Le printemps des Arts », de même que, depuis la fin de l’année 2011, au sein de divers établissements d’enseignement supérieur. Le doyen de la Faculté des Lettres, des Arts et des Humanités de l’Université de la Manouba, M. Habib Kazdaghli, aurait subi des violences et des pressions de la part des groupes salafistes. Deux jeunes blogueurs, MM. Djabeur Mejri et Ghazi Bedji, auraient été condamnés à sept ans de prison pour avoir diffusé sur Facebook des caricatures de Mahomet. M. Nabil Karoui, propriétaire de la chaîne de télévision Nessma TV, aurait été condamné à une amende pour la diffusion du film « Persépolis » en octobre 2011, contenant des scènes avec un Dieu personnifié.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
30 Nov 2012
07 Dec 2012
    25 Jun 2012
    Kyrgyzstan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged destruction of the Kingdom Hall of Jehovah Witnesses in Toktogul. According to the information received, on 17 April 2012, some Jehovah’s Witnesses began to reconstruct their Kingdom Hall that was destroyed by a mob of local villagers in 2010. A group of people allegedly started throwing stones repeatedly at the volunteers helping out with the reconstruction. On 23 April 2012, Mr. Jonibek Kojamambetov, one of Jehovah’s Witnesses, contacted the police and requested their assistance. The reconstruction came to near completion by 10 May 2012. It was reported that by late nights of 10, 13, 15 and 16 May 2012, a mob gathered in front of the Kingdom Hall and hurled stones at it for about 30 minutes, causing significant damage. On 18 May 2012, Mr. Kojamambetov was informed that the mob had broken into the Kingdom Hall and stolen all items of property inside; it was also set on fire. This case was the subject of an earlier communication (see A/18/51, case no. KGZ 4/2010).
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
04 Oct 2012
    15 Jun 2012
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
Alleged plot to kill human rights defender. According to the information received, a credible source has informed Ms. Asma Jahangir of a plot to assassinate her which has allegedly been formulated “at the highest level of the security apparatus”. In response to the alleged plot, she has reportedly been provided with additional protection by the Government. Ms. Jahangir is a human rights lawyer and former President of the Supreme Court Bar Association. She previously served as UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions and UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief for a combined total of 12 years.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    11 Jun 2012
    Uzbekistan
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged imminent deportation of Jehovah’s Witnesses from Uzbekistan. According to the information received, Ms. Elena Tsyngalova and her two minor children were scheduled for deportation to Russia on Tuesday, 12 June 2012. On 5 September 2011, Ms. Tsyngalova was allegedly convicted for sharing her religious views as a Jehovah's Witness with an interested person. She was fined "50 times" the minimum wage. It was reported that on 6 September 2011, the police searched Ms. Tsyngalova's apartment and seized religious literature regarding the Jehovah's Witnesses. She was again convicted and fined another "50 times" the minimum salary for possessing this religious literature. In early June 2012, she was allegedly summoned by the migration police who told her that she is to be deported on 12 June 2012. To her knowledge, there has been no court hearing or any court decision ordering her deportation. The migration police told Ms. Tsyngalova that due to her alleged violation of Uzbek law by her "illegal religious activity", they were revoking her residence permit and ordering her deportation.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
21 Aug 2012
    07 Jun 2012
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged abduction, forced conversion and forced marriage of three Hindu women, and death threats against two parliamentarians who criticized a Supreme Court decision that allowed their return to their alleged kidnappers. According to the information received, Ms. X, Ms. Lata Kumari and Ms. Y were kidnapped, forcefully converted to Islam, and forced into marriage in early 2012. It is reported that the Supreme Court intervened in these cases and on April 18, 2012, ordered that the women be allowed to decide whether they wished to remain with their husbands. They agreed to do so. It is alleged that the Court did not take into consideration the violent nature of the abduction, and the climate of fear and intimidation faced by these women and their families, when requesting them to take a decision. After the Supreme Court hearings, Messrs. Khursheed Khokhar and Pitamber Sewani, criticized this decision and later received death threats for defending minority rights in the country.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
07 Jun 2012
    04 Jun 2012
    Cambodia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • Cambodia
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • housing
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arrests, charges and acts of coercion against human rights defenders for the land disputes in Phnom Penh. According to the information received, on 24 May 2012, thirteen women of Boeung Kak Lake community - Kong Chantha, Tol Sreypov, Tep Vanny, Pov Sophea, Suong Samai, Pan Chhunret, Heng Nom, Chan Navy, Po Davy, Nguon Kimleang, Song Sreyleap, Chheng Leap and Nget Kun; were sentenced to up to two and a half years imprisonment after a summary trial by the Phnom Penh Court of First Instance. The police allegedly arrested two other Boeung Kak representatives, Ms. Ly Channary and Mr. Say Sareoun, who were waiting outside the courthouse to testify. Venerable Loun Sovath reportedly participated in a peaceful gathering in front of the court to express his solidarity with the community and was forcibly taken away by police in plain clothes, gendarme and military police, intervention police and monks to Botum Pagoda where about 50 religious leaders questioned him over his activism.
Alleged victims: 16
More details...
    14 May 2012
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • minority issues
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Alleged new arrests and continued detention of the members Bahá’í faith community in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, Mr. Bakhtiyar Rasekh, Mrs. Farahnaz Naimi (Rasekhi), Ms. Farin Rasekhi, Mr. Arman Mokhtari, Mr. Shayan Tafazoli, Ms. Naghmeh Zabihian, Mrs. Sousan Badavam (Farhangi), Ms. Nadia Asadian (Abdu’l-Hamidi), Ms. Shiva Kashaninejad (Samiian), Mr. Natoli Derakhshan, Mr. Faramarz Firouzian, Mr. Shahnam Golshani, Ms. Maryam Akhzari, Mr. Nima Dehghan,Ms. Mojgan Emadi, Ms. Yekta Fahandezh, Ms. Mojdeh Fallah, Mr. Sam Jaberi, Mr. Sina Sarikhani, Mr. Payam Taslimi, Ms. Semitra Momtazian, Mr. Farid Emadi, Mr. Iman Rahmat Panah (Khah), Mr. Farshid Yazdani, Mr. Houman Zarei, Mr. Badiollah Nakhie, Mr. Taghi Haeri, Mr. Vahid Hasankhani, Ms. Baji Gez, Mr. Hasan Khani, Mr. Zabihollah Raoufi, Ms. Sayyareh Raoufi, Mr. Aminollah Raoufi, Mr. Nader Mavvadati, Mr. Nourollah Mavaddati, Mr. Vahid Kholousi, Mr. Haydar Kholousi, Mr. Zekrollah Yegan, Ms. Samin Ehsani, Mr. Vahed Kholousi and Ms. Mahsa Mehregani were arrested and detained in different parts of the Islamic Republic of Iran on various charges, mostly related to their faith.
Alleged victims: 39
More details...
19 Jun 2012
12 Jul 2012
12 Jul 2012
    11 May 2012
    Russian Federation
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • cultural rights
Alleged detention of band members of ‘Pussy Riot’ in Moscow on the charge of “hooliganism”. According to the information received, on 4 March 2012, Ms. Nadezhda Tolokonnikova and Ms. Maria Alekhina were arrested and charged with hooliganism for allegedly performing a punk prayer at the Christ the Saviour Cathedral. Reportedly, Ms. Ekaterina Samutsevich was arrested on 15 March 2012 and charged with similar offence. Since their arrest, some of their family members, some people supporting them as well as one of their lawyers allegedly received threats. On 19 April 2012, Tagansky Court in Moscow had reportedly extended the detention of the three women to 24 June 2012.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
17 Aug 2012
    11 May 2012
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Alleged charges of disseminating information aimed at inflicting religious hatred and religious blasphemy in Padang, West Sumatra of Indonesia. According to the information received, Alexander Aan posted a link on his Facebook wall that related to a comic strip of the Prophet Mohammad allegedly slept with Zainab, the wife of his adopted son, Zaid. Mr. Aan allegedly was not aware that his Facebook wall privacy setting was public. His post caused much controversy and he was assaulted by some men from Pulau Punjung who accused him of blasphemy. It was reported that later, the police processed Mr. Aan’s case and charged him for disseminating information aimed at inflicting religious hatred under Article 78 of the Internet Law and religious blasphemy under Articles 156 a and 156b of the Criminal Code.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    11 May 2012
    Cyprus
    UA
  • religion or belief
Alleged imminent deportation of a woman of the Bahá’í faith and her daughter from Cyprus to the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, Ms. X and her daughter, Iranian citizens, applied for refugee status in Cyprus on 14 October 2010. Reportedly, Ms. X’s application was rejected twice and her case was appealed to the Supreme Court, where the hearing was expected to take place on 14 May 2012. Ms. X was a Muslim who converted to Bahá’í faith in Cyprus in December 2010. Following her conversion, her deportation to the Islamic Republic of Iran could risk her facing severe punishment under the Iranian Apostasy Law and losing her custody over her daughter as her ex-husband’s family threatened so.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
30 May 2012
    07 May 2012
    Sri Lanka
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged attack on Jumma Mosque in Dambulla and other places of worship. According to the information received, a crowd of about 2000 Sinhalese Buddhists, including high-ranking monks, protested and attacked the 60 year-old mosque on 20 April 2012. Reportedly, the Prime Minister’s office released a statement on 22 April 2012, ordering the removal and relocation of the mosque. The decision was allegedly taken without consultation with the Muslim religious leaders or the local community. There were also reports of other incidents of attacks of places of religious worship in Anuradhapura, Illangaithurai Muhathuwaram (Lanka Patuna), Kalutara and Ambalangoda.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    17 Apr 2012
    Uzbekistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged deportation and secret detention in Uzbekistan. According to the information received, Mr. X fled to the Republic of Korea in 2008 to escape religious persecution in Uzbekistan. Reportedly, on 7 February 2012, he was arrested on the basis of alleged illegal entry and stay in the country and was taken to Seoul Immigration Office where he remained detained for four days before he was transferred to the Hwasung Foreigner Detention Center. Allegedly, Mr. X was not allowed to file an asylum seeker application until after UNHCR intervened. On 21 March 2012, Mr. X was notified of the rejection of his application for refugee status and was deported to Uzbekistan. Mr. X was reportedly not given a chance to appeal to the Minister of Justice which he was entitled to within 14 days. His mother later learned from the local police that her son had been taken to the National Security Service by the so-called secret police. His fate and whereabouts remained unknown.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    17 Apr 2012
    Republic of Korea
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged deportation and secret detention in Uzbekistan. According to the information received, Mr. X fled to the Republic of Korea in 2008 to escape religious persecution in Uzbekistan. Reportedly, on 7 February 2012, he was arrested on the basis of alleged illegal entry and stay in the country and was taken to Seoul Immigration Office where he remained detained for four days before he was transferred to the Hwasung Foreigner Detention Center. Allegedly, Mr. X was not allowed to file an asylum seeker application until after UNHCR intervened. On 21 March 2012, Mr. X was notified of the rejection of his application for refugee status and was deported to Uzbekistan. Mr. X was reportedly not given a chance to appeal to the Minister of Justice which he was entitled to within 14 days. His mother later learned from the local police that her son had been taken to the National Security Service by the so-called secret police. His fate and whereabouts remained unknown.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
21 Jun 2012
29 Aug 2012
    27 Mar 2012
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
Alleged abduction, forced marriage and forced conversion to Islam of a seventeen-year-old Hindu girl in Pakistan. According to the information received, Ms. X was abducted from her home on 24 February 2012, by Mr. Y and other armed men, including Mr. Z. Allegedly, she was held in custody in the residence of Mr. A, a member of the National Assembly. On 25 February 2012, Ms. X pleaded before a civil judge in Ghotki court to return home to her parents, she testified that she had been kidnapped and forced to change her religion against her will. On 27 February 2012, Ms. X again appeared in court but in Mathelo. During this second hearing, Ms. X was under pressure and changed her statement. The civil judge announced that she has embraced Islam and that she would be in the custody of Mr. Y. Since the court’s announcement, Ms. X’s whereabouts remained unknown to her family.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
12 Jul 2012
    22 Mar 2012
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • executions
Alleged death sentences on blasphemy charges in Pakistan. One of the cases was already the subject of an earlier communication (see A/HRC/16/53/add.1, case no. PAK 15/2010). According to the information received, a district court in Punjab province upheld Mr. Muhammad Ishaq's death sentence handed down to him in July 2009 for insulting the Prophet Muhammad. Mr. Ishaq has denied the charges of blasphemy. He was also denied bail and he has been in prison since the accusations were brought over three years ago. Furthermore, Ms. Asia Bibi was also sentenced to death for blasphemy since November 2010. Ms. Bibi has appealed her death sentence, however, her trial allegedly will not take place for another two years.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
22 Mar 2012
    22 Mar 2012
    Cuba
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alegaciones de detenciones arbitrarias, actos de hostigamiento y de violación del derecho de reunión pacífica de disidentes y de integrantes de las Damas de Blanco en la ciudad de la Habana, en el contexto de la próxima visita del Papa Benedicto XVI a Cuba. Según la información recibida, entre los días 17 y 18 de marzo de 2012, alrededor de unos 50-70 miembros del grupo de las Damas de Blanco habrían sido detenidos en el contexto de unas marchas pacíficas en la ciudad de la Habana.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
26 Mar 2012
    09 Mar 2012
    Nigeria
    JAL
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • terrorism
Alleged religion and ethnicity based violence by Boko Haram in northern Nigeria. According to the information received, Boko Haram had engaged in a series of attacks and bombings targeted on churches, Christians and the security forces since Christmas Day 2011. Boko Haram also allegedly imposed on the Christians and southerners a three-day deadline to leave the north on 1 January 2012. After the deadline, Boko Haram continued to launch attacks and showed a total disregard for human life in different parts of northern Nigeria. At least 185 people died in an attack in Kano on 20 January 2012. The latest attack on 26 February 2012, at Jos headquarters of the Church of Christ in Nigeria denomination (COCIN) reportedly killed three people and injured 37.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 May 2012
    02 Mar 2012
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • minority issues
Alleged killing of members of the Shia religious minority. According to the information received, Oon 28 February 2012, an attack on a bus in Kohistan, northern Pakistan, left at least 18 Shia Muslims dead when attackers, allegedly in military fatigues, separated them from Sunni travellers and shot them at the roadside. This act follows an incident on 17 February when, reportedly, more than 30 people were killed or wounded when a suicide bomber exploded a bomb close to a mosque in a mainly Shia neighbourhood in the Kurram tribal region.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    02 Mar 2012
    Malaysia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
Alleged arrest and deportation of a journalist. According to the information received, on 9 February 2012, Mr. Hamza Kashgari was arrested at Kuala Lumpur International Airport following the issue of an arrest warrant by the Saudi Arabian authorities. Mr. Kashgari is a journalist for Al-Belad (The Country), a newspaper owned by the Saudi Arabian Government, and a blogger. He was allegedly held in detention in the Travel Control Section in the Bukit Aman area of Kuala Lumpur. Prior to his arrest he had reportedly fled Saudi Arabia after accusations of apostasy were made against him in relation to an online post he had made concerning the Prophet Mohammed. On 12 February 2012, he was allegedly deported from Malaysia to Saudi Arabia and has since remained in detention in Riyadh. Despite publicly repenting and declaring himself a Muslim, Mr. Kashgari is reportedly at serious risk of being charged with blasphemy and consequently receiving a death sentence as a result of his post on Twitter.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
04 Jun 2012
    23 Feb 2012
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged intimidation and attacks targeted at the congregation of the Taman Yasmin Indonesian Christian Church (Gereja Kristen Indonesia, GKI) by some Islamist groups in Bogor, West Java. According to the information received, on 22 January 2012, members of the Islamic Reform Movement (Garis) and Muslim Communications Forum (Forkami), gathered near the site of the church where the congregation of the Taman Yasmin Indonesian Christian Church has its weekly services. For safety reasons, the congregation had decided to move its weekly service to a member’s home near the church. Allegedly, Garis and Forkami protesters intimidated and verbally abused some of the congregation as they made their way to the service at the house. At least 50 Bogor Municipal Administrative Police (Satpol PP) officers arrived at the scene and shortly after, the protestors intimidated the congregation and shouted for the members to leave. The congregation refused to leave until the Bogor District Police Chief agreed to guarantee protection of the congregation. This case was the subject of an earlier communication (see A/HRC/19/44, case no. IDN 4/2011).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    21 Feb 2012
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
Alleged risk of death sentence. According to the information received, on 7 February 2012, Mr. Hamza Kashgari, a blogger, fled Saudi Arabia following accusations of apostasy in relation to an online post he had made concerning the Prophet Mohammed. On 9 February 2012, he was allegedly arrested at Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia, after an arrest warrant was reportedly issued by the Saudi Arabian authorities. On 12 February 2012, Mr. Kashgari was allegedly deported from Malaysia to Saudi Arabia and has since remained in detention in Riyadh. He is reportedly at serious risk of receiving a death sentence as a result of his post on Twitter.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Sep 2013
    14 Feb 2012
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • migrants
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • violence against women
Alleged arrest and detention of Ethiopian Christians linked to their exercise of freedom of religion. According to the information received, on 15 December 2011, a group of 35 Ethiopian Christians was arrested in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia while travelling to their place of worship. Twenty nine women have been held in Amber 2 section of Briman Prison and the six men were held in section 10 of Briman Prison. Their arrest and detention is reportedly linked to their exercise of freedom of religion; they have been informally charged with “illicit mingling with the opposite sex”. The detainees face imminent deportation and had not had access to consular assistance. Further allegations were received on ill-treatment in detention and violence against female detainees.
Alleged victims: 35
More details...
    10 Feb 2012
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allegations of excessive use of force against peaceful protestors in Luhuo, Seda and Rangtang Counties, Sichuan Province. According to the information received, on 23, 24 and 26 January 2012, security forces opened fired on unarmed protestors in Luho, Seda and Rangtang Counties respectively. At least seven persons were allegedly killed, and 60 injured. Several individuals were also arrested and detained. The allegedly peaceful protestors were demanding, inter alia, the end of religious repression and the return of the Dalai Lama. At the time of drafting the urgent appeal, the situation remained very tense, and access to these locations by independent human rights monitors and foreign media was reportedly prohibited.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Apr 2012
    15 Nov 2011
    Cuba
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Acerca de alegaciones recibidas indicando la persistencia de actos de intimidación, acoso, actos de violencia y detenciones de mujeres integrantes de la organización Damas de Blanco en el contexto de las marchas pacíficas que este colectivo organiza cada domingo desde el mes de julio de 2011 a fin de solicitar la liberación de familiares y amigos que se encuentran en prisión. Según la información recibida, mujeres del colectivo de las Damas de Blanco vienen sufriendo presuntas restricciones indebidas del legítimo ejercicio del derecho a la libertad de expresión y reunión pacífica, asi como del derecho a la libertad de religión y a manifestar las creencias religiosas mediante actos intimidatorios por parte de fuerzas y cuerpos de seguridad del Estado, detenciones con violencia y restricciones de movimiento así como amenazas de grupos de persones afines al Gobierno.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    31 Oct 2011
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged harassment and kidnapping of individuals of the Christian minority. According to the information received, the late Governor of Punjab, Mr. Salman Taseer, was murdered on 4 January 2011 (see A/HRC/18/51, PAK 1/2011). On 26 August 2011, his son Mr. Shahbaz Taseer left his residence, not accompanied by police protection. Reportedly, Mr. Shahbaz Taseer was forced out of his car, and driven away. Ms. Shehar Bano Taseer, sister of the missing Mr. Shahbaz Taseer, had reportedly received death threats by members of religious parties, to withdraw the case against the man who is allegedly responsible for the murder of her father. Both Ms. Shehar Bano Taseer and Mr. Shahbaz Taseer are reported to have been targeted due to their father seeking reform of the blasphemy provisions in Pakistan. Furthermore, Pakistani Minorities Minister Shahbaz Bhatti, a Christian member of Pakistan’s Cabinet, was reportedly shot dead by gunmen in Islamabad due to his calls for reform of blasphemy laws.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    11 Oct 2011
    Egypt
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged harassment of the Coptic Christian community, restricting religious freedom and right to assemble, worship and practice. According to the information received, on 9 October 2011, thousands of protestors were marching from the Shubra district of northern Cairo to the State television building in Masepro Square, Cairo. Reportedly, clashes between Coptic Christians and security forces took place during the initially peaceful protest. According to unconfirmed reports, at least 24 people were killed, including Coptic Christians and members of the security forces and more than 200 were injured. A military vehicle allegedly ran over at least five people during the protest.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    07 Oct 2011
    Nepal
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Alleged restrictions on the freedom of religion or belief in the draft new constitution and the draft new penal code. According to the information received, proposals relating to religion or belief in the new constitution by the Constituent Assembly, if adopted in their current draft form, would seriously curtail the right to freedom of religion or belief. Reportedly, the current anti-conversion clause provides no space for religious conversion as being a positive choice. The proposals concerning offences related to religion for the new penal code are reportedly extremely broad and vague, and therefore open to abuse.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    06 Oct 2011
    China
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • disappearances
  • minority issues
Alleged harassment and repression of the monastic community in and around Ngaba Kirti Monastery, and self-immolation of three young monks. According to the information received, on 26 September 2011, Mr. Lobsang Kalsang Harutsang (aged 18) and Mr. Lobsang Kunchok set themselves alight in protest at the alleged severe repression inflicted on the monastic community. Reportedly, Chinese security forces and the police extinguished the fire and the two monks were taken away to an unknown location. On 3 October 2011, Mr. Kelsang Wangchuk (aged 17) reportedly set himself alight on the main street in Ngaba County. Reportedly, while putting out the fire, he was beaten by the security forces. These events follow the death on 16 August 2011 of Mr. Tsewang Norbu (29 years old) from the Nyitso monastery in Kardze, Sichuan, a monk also calling for religious freedom. Dhonyoe Dorjee, Kunchok Tsultrim, Lobsang Dhargay, Lobsang Gyatso and Lobsang Khedup were reportedly sentenced to three years imprisonment in criminal proceedings on unknown charges.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    16 Sep 2011
    Myanmar
    JAL
  • Myanmar
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged attempts to destroy a Muslim cemetery. According to the information received, on 25 July 2011, three bulldozers belonging to a private company entered the Muslim cemetery in Meikhtila and began to destroy the gravesites in order for the land to be used for commercial purposes. Despite intervention by members of the local Muslim community, extensive damage was reportedly caused to the graves, tombstones and walls. The cemetery, along with an adjacent mosque, has been situated in Meikhtila for over 150 years, with the land titles reportedly belonging to the religious committee responsible for the premises. Moreover, since 2003, the cemetery remains a heritage site and does not have any new burials in accordance with an administrative order.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    09 Sep 2011
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
Alleged kidnapping, forced conversion and forced marriage. According to the information received, Ms. X, a 24-year-old nursing student at the Shiekh Zaid Medical College in Rahi Yar Khan, was kidnapped while at school. One of the alleged kidnappers, a Muslim bank clerk, allegedly forced Ms. X to convert from Christianity to Islam and later forced her to marry him. Ms. X was reportedly threatened, beaten and forced to sign a declaration stating that she freely converted to Islam. Ms. X’s mother reportedly went to the local police station to file a report. The police officers allegedly refused to intervene on the justification that nothing could be done. Ms. X's mother was reportedly able to file a First Information Report against the perpetrators only after strong protests by the local Christian population. Subsequently, the family allegedly received threats from the police and the alleged kidnappers to convince them to drop the case.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    30 Aug 2011
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • disappearances
  • minority issues
Alleged arrest and possible enforced disappearance of Buddhist monk. According to the information received, on 20 August 2011, the Buddhist monk Mr. X was arrested in the hotel “Z-hong Yan” in Hezou, Kanlho prefecture. His fate and whereabouts remained unknown. On 21 August, some 50 security personnel allegedly raided Mr. X's room at Lhabdrang Monastery, checking his belongings and seizing CDs. Mr. X had given a video testimony in 2008 regarding torture he reportedly suffered during a 42-day period of detention from 28 March 2008, following protests in Lhabdrang Monastery.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Aug 2011
    Turkmenistan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • health
Alleged arbitrary detention, harassment and restriction of religious freedom and prevention of medical facilities. According to the information received, from March 2010 until September 2010, members of the Svet Miru church have reportedly been harassed by the police. Allegedly the police forced members of the Svet Miru Church to submit written accusations against Pastor Ilmurad Nurliev accusing him of swindling large sums of money. Reportedly, on 27 August 2010, Pastor Ilmurad Nurliev was arrested and on 21 October 2010, he was convicted on charges of swindling approximately 500 USD. He was given a four year sentence, which he reportedly has to serve in the general regime labour camp in Seidy. Pastor Ilmurad Nurliev is a diabetic and reportedly has no access to medical treatment. Furthermore, prison authorities have reportedly denied Pastor Nurliev a Bible. Reportedly the Svet Miru church has also been repeatedly denied registration since 2007.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    22 Aug 2011
    Armenia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary detention and harassment of members of the Jehovah’s Witnesses community. According to the information received, members of the Jehovah’s Witnesses community had been facing harassment, as well as the imprisonment of the following 72 Jehovah’s Witnesses: David Mnatsakanyan, Vigen Sargsyan, Vladimir Sargsyan, Gagik Toplakhaltsyan, Harutyun Gagyan, Gor Aslanyan, Ishkhan Grigoryan, Aram Apresyan, Kamo Sahakyan, Arkadi Mardoyan, Vanik Soghomonyan, Grigor Safaryan, Lyudvik Arshakyan, Raphael Manukyan, Karapet Aghadjanyan, Hakob Babudjyan, Artak Kroyan, Vahram Grigoryan, Gevork Sargsyan, Roman Minasyan, Andranik Martirosyan, Aghasi Sargsyan, Hayk Ghazaryan, Spartak Khanumyan, Levon Vardanyan, Vardan Vardanyan, Hovhannes Kasemyan, Taron Pirapyan, Artur Torosyan, Karapet Sargsyan, Samvel Prutyan, Ashot Khachikyan, David Martirosyan, Arayik Nahapetyan, Zorayr Arakelyan, Narek Seyranyan, Levon Tumanyan, Rafael Khalatov, Narek Chinaryan, Narek Pogosyan, Suren Tonoyan, David Khlghatyan, Andranik Bagiryan, Edouard Ohandjanyan, Levon Avakyan, Alik Davtyan, Sevak Aghekyan, Manuk Khechoyan, Derenik Minasyan, Vahe Avetisyan, Artur Hayrapetyan, Hakob Engibaryan, Harutyun Mnatsakanyan, Gor Mesropyan, Artashes Arshakyan, Vardan Antonyan, Vahagn Alikhanyan, Anri Khachatryan, Nikolay Poghosyan, David Muradyan, Ashot Voskanyan, Samvel Sargsyan, Arutyun Kirakosyan, Arman Nersisyan, Andranik Geghamyan, Hayk Sargsyan, Hovik Gasparyan, Hovhannes Sardaryan. The individuals have reportedly been charged under the Armenian Criminal Code for their conscientious objection to military service on religious grounds. Reportedly, a further three had been held in pretrial detention. On 19 July 2011, Garegin Avetisyan was allegedly convicted as a conscientious objector, sentenced and arrested for refusing military service. Religious conventions and meetings organized by Jehovah’s Witnesses have reportedly been cancelled, allegedly due to pressure from Government officials and from priests of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    29 Jul 2011
    Viet Nam
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged sentencing of human rights defenders. According to the information received, on 30 May 2011, Pastor Duong Kim Khai, Ms. Tran Thi Thuy, Mr. Nguyen Thanh Tam, Mr. Pham Van Thong, Mr. Nguyen Chi Thanh, Ms Pham Ngoc Hoa and Mr. Cao Van Tin appeared before the People’s Court of Ben Tre, Mekong Delta charged with “attempting to overthrow the socialist Government” under Article 79 of the Vietnamese Penal Code, a charge which carries the death penalty. This charge is reportedly linked to their affiliation with the human rights organization Viet Tan. They reportedly received prison sentences varying from 2 to 8 years. Allegedly, Pastor Duong Kim Khai has previously been arrested and detained 13 times while trying to organize prayers sessions. Since their arrests in July and August 2010, the aforementioned human rights defenders had reportedly been held incommunicado and denied access to their families. Furthermore, Mr. Nguyen Chi Thanh and Ms. Pham Ngoc Hoa had allegedly been denied access to their lawyers.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
    28 Jul 2011
    Tajikistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • education
Alleged restrictions on the rights of children and their parents to religious education. According to the information received, on 21 July 2011, the Upper Chamber of the Parliament of Tajikistan adopted the Parental Responsibility Law. Pursuant to its article 8, parents are obliged “not to let children-teenagers participate in the activity of religious organizations, with the exception of those officially enrolled in religious education.” Article 9 reportedly “bans the encouragement of children to receive education in illegal schools and education institutions as well as from individual persons who do not have permission for such activity” and requires parents “not to allow the education of adolescent children abroad without the permission of appropriate state agencies”. The Upper Chamber of the Parliament reportedly also adopted amendments to the Criminal Code on 21 July 2011. Article 160 as amended punishes organizers and participants in “unapproved gatherings, meetings, demonstrations, pickets and street processions”. Furthermore, a new article 307-4 punishes illegally teaching religious “extremist” doctrines.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Jul 2011
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • disappearances
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged arbitrary detention, harassment and disappearances in Kardze County. According to the information received, concerning the tense situation in Kardze County, Sichun Province, 54 individuals have been arrested and detained, reportedly in order to suppress the protests comprising mainly nuns and monks. Reportedly, the fate and whereabouts of the following 47 individuals remained unknown: Mr. Tsewang Tashi (18 years old); Mr. Gyurmey Sonam (18 years old); Mr. Oser Phuntsog (31 years old); Ms. Tseyang; Ms. Ringa (Rinchen Choetso); Ms. Jampa Lhatso; Mr. Gowang (Goyang, 30 years old); Ms. Tsewang Dolma; Ms. Dega; Mr. Pema Tsering (31 years old); Mr. Passang Rinchen; Ms. Yeshi Lhatso (22 years old); Ms. Tenzin Lhatso (27 years old); Ms. Tashi Choedon; Ms. Ngawang Lhamo; Ms. Jampa Choedon (31 years old); Ms. Sheh Lhamo; Ms. Yanchen (Tashi Tsetso, 28 years old); Mr. Ngawang Lobsang (37 years old); Mr. Richen Gyatso (21 years old); Mr. Lama Tsering (22 years old); Ms. Lobsang Yangtso (26 years old); Ms. Lobsang Khando (34 years old); Ms. Thinley Dolma (30 years old); Ms. Choenyi Lhamo (29 years old); Ms. Jamtuk Dolma (21 years old); Ms. Dolma Palmo (20 years old); Ms. Choesang (31 years old); Ms. Peltuk (34 years old); Phurga (40 year old); Mr. Lobyang; Ms. Chunyi Lhamo (29 years old); Palmo; Dewang; Ms. Dekyi Lhamo (18 years old); Ms. Kunga Choezom (22 years old); Karma Yeshi; Mr. Karma Samten; Mr. Jigtak; Mr. Sherab; Mr. Gaya Tashi; Mr. Urgen Samten; Mr. Karma Soepa; Mr. Karma Monlam; Mr. Dosam, Mr. Dorgay and Mr. Ngawang Phuntsok (34 years old). On 27 June 2011, two nuns, reportedly from the Lamdrak monastery, were arrested on their way to work. On 12 July 2011, eight monks are reported to have been arrested from the Surmang Monastery, Nangchen County, in Qinghai Province and were reportedly taken to the Nangchen County Detention Center. Severe restrictions are reported to have been imposed on the freedom of movement of monks and nuns in particular, with prior permission being required to travel outside Kardze County.
Alleged victims: 20
More details...
    28 Jul 2011
    Algeria
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Allégation d'atteinte à la liberté de religion ou de conviction de personnes de confession chrétienne. Selon les informations reçues, le 14 avril 2011, Monsieur X aurait donné à un voisin un CD contenant des informations relatives au Christianisme. Monsieur X et un de ses amis auraient ensuite été arrêtés. Monsieur X aurait été détenu pour trois jours, et son domicile aurait été perquisitionné. Le 17 avril, Monsieur X et son ami auraient été déférés devant le Procureur et interrogés au sujet de leur foi et des raisons de leur conversion au Christianisme. Le 4 Mai, Monsieur X aurait été condamné par le Tribunal correctionnel de Djamel (Oran) en vertu de l’article 144(b) 2 du Code pénal algérien pour avoir insulté le Prophète. Le 25 mai, Monsieur X aurait été condamné à cinq ans d’emprisonnement et à une amende de 200 000 dinars algériens. En outre, le 23 avril 2011, trois policiers en civil se seraient rendus dans une église de la ville de Makouda située dans la province de Tizi Ouzou. Ils auraient ordonné au pasteur de l’église de fermer l’église avant 48 heures. De plus, le 22 mai, le chef de la police de Bejaiah aurait notifié au président de l’Eglise Protestante d’Algérie, l’ordre de fermer tous les immeubles de Bejaiah utilisés pour l’exercice de cultes chrétiens. Il est rapporté que la notification faisait également part de l’ordre de fermer tous les édifices religieux du pays qui n’étaient pas destinés au culte musulman.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Sep 2011
    26 Jul 2011
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
Alleged death sentence on charges of apostasy. According to the information received, Mr. X, a 33-year-old member of the Church of Iran and pastor in the city of Rasht, was found guilty of apostasy and given a death sentence in September 2010. Following Mr. X's appeal, the Supreme Court of the Islamic Republic of Iran reportedly upheld the death sentence in a written verdict of 12 June 2011. The written verdict reportedly states that unless the accused decides to repent, i.e. to renounce his Christianity, he will be executed by hanging. Furthermore, Mr. X’s lawyer, Mr. Y, was reportedly sentenced on 3 July 2011 by a court in Teheran to nine years imprisonment and a ten-year ban on practicing law or teaching at university allegedly for “actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime”.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    18 Jul 2011
    Hungary
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged restriction of religious freedom and right to assemble, worship and practice of those belonging to minority faiths. According to the information received, on 10 June 2011, four Christian Democrat members of Parliament submitted a draft law concerning “The Right to Freedom of Conscience and Religion and on the Status of Churches, Religions and Religious Communities” to Parliament. On 14 June 2011, the draft legislation was reportedly approved by the Committee on Human Rights, Minority, Civil and Religious Affairs, and was scheduled for a vote before parliament on 11 July 2011. Reportedly, the draft bill introduces a re-registration system, and all churches have to re-register, with three categories that identify what constitutes a church. Religious communities that do not fall within these categories will reportedly be forced to de-register, and then re-register as religious organisations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    08 Jul 2011
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged harassment of members of the Christian community, restricting religious freedom and right to assemble, worship and practice. According to the information received, in a letter dated 28 June 2011, residents of the Curug Mekar village in Bogor, West Java, called upon the local government authorities and the police to stop all religious services and activities of the Taman Yasmin Indonesian Christian Church (Gereja Kristen Indonesian, GKI), in West Java. Since 2008, the church had reportedly remained closed, since the congregation has conducted weekly services on the pavement outside the church and has been the subject of at least six attacks. Reportedly, protests were organized by the local residents on 3 July 2011, with threats reportedly being made by leaders of the community, should the service and activities continue.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    27 Jun 2011
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged attacks on the Shia community, restricting religious freedom and right to assemble, worship and practice. According to the information received, On 5 June 2011, hundreds of individuals belonging to the Shia community were attacked during religious gatherings in villages and cities across Bahrain, including in Ma’ameer, Sitra, Karzakan, Buri, A’ali, Dair, Kuwara Hamal, and Duraz. Several residents were reportedly injured in the city of Sitra, with one house set on fire. Furthermore, some participants were reportedly detained for their participation in the processions.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    09 Jun 2011
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged arrests and arbitrary detention of members of religious minorities, in particular those belonging to the Bahá’í faith. According to the information received, on 21 May 2011, raids were carried out in at least 30 homes of individuals involved in the activities of the Bahá’í Institute for Higher Education. These households were reportedly subjected to extensive searches which took place simultaneously in cities throughout the country, including Gohardasht, Ishfan, Karaj, Sari, Shiraz, Tehran and Zahedan, with 15 individuals being arrested. A further eight other members of the Bahá’í faith were reportedly interrogated by intelligence officers, and were released on the same day. These events reportedly form part of a continuous effort to deny access to education to members of the Bahá’í faith, who are reportedly being prevented from entering public and private universities and vocational training institutions in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Alleged victims: 15
More details...
05 Oct 2012
    09 Jun 2011
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • education
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged expulsion of university students following participation in protests. According to the information received, on 13 March 2011, peaceful protests took place on the campus at the University of Bahrain, Manama to commemorate a student who was killed during the recent social unrest. Forty protesters were allegedly asked to report to a university “investigation panel”. During the first two weeks of May 2011, the forty students reportedly received official expulsion letters signed by the president of the university on the basis of violations of the university’s rules of conduct, including “causing any noise within the university campus” and “protesting against the legitimate institutions and agitating against national unity”.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    30 May 2011
    Pakistan
    JAL
    PAK 5/2011
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged attacks and harassment against Christians. According to the information received, on 21 March 2011 a church gathering was interrupted at Hurr Camp, Sindh Province, by a few Muslim youth. A violent clash erupted, and around six Muslim men reportedly opened fire, killing Mr. Jamil Sardar and Mr. Younis Masih, who both died on the spot. Mr. Siddiq Masih and Mr. Waseem George received serious injuries. On 13 May, armed Muslim men belonging to an influential Gujjar family reportedly arrived at the home of Mr. Abid Masih, in a village near Sheikhupura. Mr. Masih, his sister Rakhel, an uncle and cousin were allegedly beaten in order to disclose the whereabouts of the Muslim woman identified as Ms. Saleha, and Mr. Sajid who had allegedly eloped. On 2 May, Mr. Babar Masih, a 25 year old man who reportedly suffers from mental illness, was allegedly charged under the blasphemy law, with his relatives forced to flee their homes. On 30 April, Aziz colony, a predominantly Christian colony in Gujranwala, was reportedly attacked in the wake of blasphemy rumors. On 27 April, Mr. Sarfraz Ashraf, son of pastor Ashraf, was reportedly shot dead by members of the Islamic organization Tehreeke-Gazi Bin Shaheed, for not paying Jizya (Islamic tax). On 5 April, Mr. Arif Masih, a 40 year old man from Faisalabad was reportedly arrested and detained on the charges of having desecrated the Qur‘an. On 15 March, Mr. Qamar David was reportedly found dead in a prison in Karachi. Mr. David had been convicted of blasphemy on 24 May 2006, reportedly on weak grounds, and sentenced to life imprisonment. Reportedly, seven Christians had been accused of blasphemy since the assassination of Mr. Shahbaz Bhatti, the Minister for Minority Affairs, on 2 March.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
    30 May 2011
    Kyrgyzstan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
Alleged conviction of Jehovah’s Witnesses for crimes they did not commit. According to the information received, Mr. Janibek Nosirov (aged 22) and Mr. Iskender Kambarov (aged 18) were convicted and sentenced by the Kadamjai District Court on 18 May 2011 to seven years imprisonment for possessing two videos produced by the organization Hizb ut-Tahrir. However, Mr. Nosirov and Mr. Kambarov, who are cousins and both members of Jehovah‘s Witnesses, claimed that they had never seen or viewed these two videos and that the videos had been left in their apartment by an officer from the State National Security Service. Mr. Kambarov and Mr. Nosirov had been detained at Kadamjai Police Station. Even though they repeatedly asked to have religious literature and raised this issue at the beginning of their trial, the prosecutor called for the move to be rejected and the judge ruled against it. Mr. Kambarov and Mr. Nosirov were the subject of an earlier communication (see A/HRC/18/51, case no. KGZ 2/2011).
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    12 May 2011
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged arrest and incommunicado detention. According to the information received, Mr. Fadhel Al Manasif had observed and documented arrests carried out by security forces in the context of peaceful protests. Reportedly, on 1 May 2011, Mr. Al Manasif was arrested and transferred to the Criminal Investigation Department at Al Kutaief police station. He was allegedly accused of inviting international media to demonstrations, as well as participating in, and gathering information about demonstrations. On 2 May, Mr. Al Manasif was allegedly transferred to Al Thakbah police station, where he had been held in incommunicado detention. Two days before Mr. Al Manasif was arrested, he was reportedly actively involved in the dissemination of information to international organizations regarding amendments made to the Press and Publications Law. On 29 April 2011, King Abdullah bin Abd al-=Aziz issued a decree amending the 2000 Press and Publications Law, placing further restrictions on the right to freedom of speech in Saudi Arabia. The amendments made to the aforementioned law, allegedly prohibit publishing anything that ?contradicts rulings of the Islamic Shari‘a Law or regulations in force?. It is also prohibited to publish anything that ?calls for disturbing the country‘s security, or its public order, or services foreign interests that contradict national interests, […] causes sectarianism or that spreads divisions between citizens, […] and damages public affairs in the country?. It is further alleged that the amendments made to the aforementioned law prohibit violating the ?reputation, dignity, or the slander or libel? of the chief mufti, members of the Council of Senior Religious Scholars, or any other government official or government instruction.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    12 May 2011
    Republic of Korea
    JUA
    KOR 2/2011
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged risk of deportation to Uzbekistan. According to the information received, Mr. Abdoolla Raviev, a national of Uzbekistan born in 1976, arrived in Korea in 2001, and was detained in February 2009 for overstaying his visa. Mr. Raviev allegedly attempted to apply for refugee status in 2007. On 17 June 2009, his refugee claim was rejected by the Ministry of Justice, reportedly without an official explanation. Reportedly, Mr. Raviev‘s father was an Imam before he passed away, and Mr. Raviev studied Islam in the Kyrgyz Republic. Members of his family were reportedly affiliated with Hizbuttahrir. In 2002, the Uzbek Government reportedly began to arrest members of the Hizbuttahrir, and in 2003 some of Mr. Raviev‘s family members were arrested. Reportedly, prisoners, in particular those imprisoned on political or religious grounds, are often tortured.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    12 May 2011
    Egypt
    JUA
    EGY 7/2011
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged attacks on Coptic churches. According to the information received, on 7 May 2011 an armed group of Salafi Muslims attacked the Coptic Saint Mina church, located in Imbaba, Cairo. The Saint Mina church and some nearby Christian-owned houses and shops were reportedly set on fire. Subsequently, the Coptic church of Virgin Mary was also burned. 12 persons were reportedly killed during the attacks and about 230 injured. On 8 May, Egypt‘s Supreme Council of the Armed Forces reportedly ordered the transfer to the Supreme Military Court of those 190 individuals arrested in connection with the events in Imbaba.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 May 2011
    United States of America
    JUA
  • indigenous peoples
  • religion or belief
  • cultural rights
Alleged imminent desecration and destruction of ceremonial and burial site. According to the information received, Sogorea Te, now located within the city of Vallejo, California, had been in existence for 3,500 years and has been used continually by the Northern California indigenous peoples, who consider this site sacred. Allegedly, the City of Vallejo had planned to level and pave over the Sogorea Te Sacred Area in order to construct a parking lot and public restrooms. A continuous occupation of the site by local native peoples and organizations had held off the bulldozers that were due to begin the works on 15 April 2011. The Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples sent a follow up letter on this issue on 19 September 2011, see above USA 18/2011.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
22 Nov 2011
    05 May 2011
    Bahrain
    AL
    BHR 8/2011
  • religion or belief
Alleged demolition of Shi’a mosques. According to the information received, on 17 April 2011 security forces demolished the Emir Mohammed Al-Berbegi mosque in Aali, a Shi‘a mosque located on Shaikh Khalifah highway to Manama. The construction of this mosque dates back to several decades and was registered with the Jaffari Waqf (Endowment) Directorate. Also on 17 April, the Imam Sadeq mosque in Salmabad was reportedly demolished by security officials. The construction of the mosque dates back 150 years and was registered with the Jaffari Waqf (Endowment) Directorate.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    29 Apr 2011
    China
    JUA
    CHN 12/2011
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • food
  • minority issues
Alleged police killings and arrest of monks. A communication was sent on 21 April 2011 concerning the harassment of the monastic community and the deteriorating situation at Ngaba Kirti Monastery (see above, case no. CHN 9/2011). According to the new information received, on the evening of 21 April and morning of 22 April 2011, more than 300 monks were arrested in Ngaba Kirti Monastery and driven away in army trucks to undisclosed locations. A group of elderly lay people who were standing vigil at the monastery gate were allegedly beaten by the police and their arms and legs were broken. Ms. Sherkyi, 65 years old, and Mr. Dhonkho, 60 years old, reportedly died as a result of the beatings by the police. Among the monks who were reportedly arrested, the following remained detained: Mr. Lobsang Rinchen (37 years old), Mr. Lobsang Samten (39 years old), Mr. Lobsang Tsering (32 years old), Mr. Chuka Samten (30 years old), Mr. Dakpa (29 years old), Mr. Samten Dher (31 years old), Mr. Sangye (45 years old), Mr. Lopel (38 years old), Mr. Loepo (32 years old), Mr. Takho (31 years old), Mr. Woesel (38 years old), Mr. Choephel (43 years old), Mr. Lobsang Sopa (42 years old), Mr. Samdup (39 years old), Mr. Jamyang Tempa (45 years old), Mr. Tsondu (30 years old), Mr. Yeshi (28 years old), Mr. Lhundup Ringmo (29 years old), Mr. Thupten Jamyang (32 years old), Mr. Tsezin (38 years old), Mr. Shedup, Mr. Lhundup Ringmo, Mr. Jampa (30 years old), Mr. Choejay (28 years old), Mr. Khai Sang (29 years old), Mr. Wangdak (30 years old), Mr. Tenchok (31 years old), Mr. Gedhun Tsering (35 years old), Mr. Khayon Sangye (38 years old), Mr. Khayon Tashi (31 years old), Mr. Jamyang Tenzin (45 years old), Mr. Choephel (29 years old), Mr. Tsering (25 years old), Mr. Jampel Tsultrim (31 years old), Mr. Tsering Thoepa (33 years old), Mr. Choezing (19 years old), Mr. Tsering (18 years old), Mr. Choe chok (18 years old), Mr. Jigme (21 years old), Mr. Dakpa Gosay (45 years old), Mr. Woezo Lhundup (47 years old), Mr. Tsongon Trulku (48 years old), Mr. Tse Trulku (50 years old), Mr. Lobsang Sherab (33 years old), Mr. Jamyang (41 years old), Mr. Dakpa Nag (34 years old), Mr. Ngenkho (35 years old), Mr. Dakpa Chung (27 years old) and Mr. Lobsang Kelsang (34 years old).
Alleged victims: 44
More details...
    28 Apr 2011
    China
    JAL
    CHN 10/2011
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
Alleged torture and death of Falun Gong detainees. According to the information received, on 21 February 2011, Jiamusi prison set up a "Strict Management Team" to increase the ?transformation rate? among detained Falun Gong practitioners. Nine practitioners, including Mr. Qin Yueming, Mr. Yu Yungang and Mr. Liu Chuanjiang were taken to the section. They were reportedly under constant pressure to renounce Falun Gong. Mr. Qin Yueming, 47 years old, was reportedly arrested in April 2002 and sentenced to ten years imprisonment. On 25 February 2011, two inmates allegedly inserted a tube into Mr. Qin‘s mouth and poured milk and salt down the tube. He reportedly gave out cries during the process. The prison doctor indicated that the reason for Mr. Qin‘s suffering could be that the feeding tube was inserted into his lung rather than his stomach. Reportedly, Mr. Qin died on the morning of 26 February. Mr. Qin‘s family reportedly found bruises and purple marks all over his body. Mr. Yu Yungang, 48 years old, was reportedly arrested in February 2009 and sentenced to eight years imprisonment. On 1 March 2011, Mr. Yu allegedly passed out as a result of torture. He was then sent to hospital and underwent surgery on his skull. On 3 March he underwent another emergency treatment. On 5 March, several officers reportedly surrounded the ICU. Mr. Yu‘s family reportedly realized his death when the officers were about to carry his body away. Mr. Liu Chuanjiang, 55 years old, was reportedly arrested on 26 July 2008. On 21 February 2011, Mr. Liu was allegedly tortured, and his condition deteriorated quickly. Prison personnel were reportedly hesitant to send Mr. Liu to hospital. He was first taken back to ward No. 3, then sent to the prison hospital. On 8 March, Mr. Liu died in the hospital. On 10 March, his family was allegedly forced by the authorities to approve his cremation.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    21 Apr 2011
    Other actors
    UA
  • religion or belief
Alleged restrictions on religious worship for members of the Greek Orthodox community. An earlier communication was sent on 17 February 2011 (see above, case no. OTH 2/2011). According to new information received, on 20 April, the Turkish Cypriot authorities rejected the request submitted by Father Savvas Hadjionas to celebrate a religious service at the Saint Georgios Church in the Vatyli village on Easter Monday. The Bishop of Karpasia reportedly could not hold a mass in the village of Rizokarpaso on 25 March because the Turkish Cypriot authorities had rejected his request to celebrate a religious service on that day. Since 17 March 2011, pilgrims to the Monastery of Apostolos Andreas had reportedly been required to pay an entrance fee. Furthermore, on 17 March 2011, Turkish Cypriot authorities reportedly confiscated 100 copies of the New Testament and 104 copies of prayer books which were destined for school children.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
03 May 2011
    21 Apr 2011
    China
    JUA
    CHN 9/2011
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • food
  • minority issues
Alleged harassment of monastic community. According to the information received, on 16 March 2011, marking the third anniversary of a demonstration at Ngaba Kirti Monastery in which 10 Tibetans were reportedly killed, the late monk Phuntsok Jarutsang, aged 21, set himself on fire. Subsequently, over 1,000 monks and laymen took to the streets to express their anger. Reportedly, at least 33 individuals were arrested and the Chinese Government imposed an indefinite ban on the religious activities at the Monastery. The protestors were reportedly dispersed by a large military force using steel truncheons and electric batons, with several monks and laymen being detained. On 8 April, the following three monks from the Ngaba Kirti Monastery were reportedly arrested: Mr. Dhonyoe Dorjee, Mr. Tenzin Jamko and an unidentified monk. On the same day, following a protest in front of the Public Security Bureau Office at Warma Township in Dzamthang County, an unidentified man was reportedly critically injured in a police offensive and died later in hospital. On 30 March, two monks, Mr. Lobsang Ngodup, 32 years old, and Mr. Lobsang Choephel, 24 years old, were reportedly detained and their whereabouts remained unknown. On 25 March, Mr. Lobsang Tsepak, 27 years old, was reportedly detained by police in Beijing. He is a student at the Central Nationalities University and also affiliated to the Ngaba Kirti Monastery. On 23 March, Mr. Wolkho, Mr. Dorjee, Mr. A-Dor and Mr. Woeser Dorjee were reportedly arrested and detained. This was following a protest in Namda Township, a neighboring township in Ngaba, to express solidarity with the protesters in Ngaba County. On 20 March, Mr. Lobsang Tenzin, a 19-year-old monk of Ngaba Kirti Monastery was reportedly arrested and detained. Furthermore, in September 2010, Order No. 8 entitled ?Management measure for Tibetan Buddhist monasteries and temples? was reportedly issued by the State Administration for Religious Affairs (SARA), entering into force on 1 November 2010. Order No. 8 reportedly curtails traditional Buddhist practices including the transmission of teachings and traditional practices of Buddhist hierarchy as well as enabling Government authorities to implement policies uniformly across the monastic institutions.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    20 Apr 2011
    Brazil
    JAL
    BRA 2/2011
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
  • cultural rights
Allegation that cultural festival will cease to exist due to the building of a luxury condominium. According to information received, the Festa da Lavadeira (?Washerwoman Festival?), which has been held each year for the last 25 years on 1st May in Paiva Beach, Cabo de Santo Agostinho, Pernambuco State, will cease to take place due to the building of a luxury condominium on that beach. This festival reportedly gathers groups of varied popular cultures, it is a religious expression of followers of African-Brazilian religions, and it was recognized as the cultural heritage of the people of Pernambuco. Three business groups (Ordebrecht Real Estate, Cornélio Brennand and Ricardo Brennand) are said to have teamed up to build a luxury condominium along the Beach of Paiva. Allegedly, since 2005, these groups have attempted to prevent the conduct of the festival.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 Apr 2011
    Greece
    JAL
    GRC 2/2011
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged attacks against mosques and properties belonging to the Muslim minority in Western Thrace. According to the information received, there has been an increase in the number of hate motivated attacks experienced by members of the Muslim minority in Western Thrace, including on their places of worship and property. On 3 February 2011, unknown persons reportedly cut a pig‘s head and nailed it to the entrance door of a mosque. On 2 March, unidentified assailants reportedly broke the windows of the mosque in the village of Uysalli in Komotini. On 2 March, unidentified assailants broke into a sheep pen killing thirty sheep in the village of Uysalli. The sheep pen reportedly belongs to Mr. Sali Fikret, a member of the Muslim minority. On the same night, unidentified assailants reportedly fired at a cattle herd belonging to Mr. Fikret, cutting tyres of three cars and two tractors also belonging to him.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    24 Mar 2011
    United States of America
    JAL
  • racism
  • religion or belief
Alleged burning of the Qur’an. According to the information received, the Dove World Outreach Center in Gainesville, Florida publicly announced on a website that it would hold a mock trial entitled “International Judge the Qur’an Day” on 20 March 2011. On that day, a copy of the Qur’an was set on fire by a pastor. Around 30 people attended this event in Gainesville, and photos of the mock trial were subsequently posted online.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    24 Mar 2011
    Turkey
    AL
    TUR 1/2011
  • religion or belief
Alleged restrictions on the right to freedom of religion. According to the information received, on 27 January 2011, the Turkish Court of Cassation published a ruling which granted substantial parts of St. Gabriel Monastery (Mor Gabriel), an Assyrian Christian religious center established in south-east Anatolia, to the Turkish Treasury. This case is reportedly one of many involving members of the Assyro-Chaldean community who continue to face difficulties in property and land registration procedures. Furthermore, the monastic community reportedly receives constant death threats from local people. In 2007, a monk was reportedly kidnapped by village guards, and there have been repeated attacks with land surrounding the villages being set on fire. In addition, the Assyro-Chaldean community reportedly continues to face restrictions in practicing their faith including bans on building new churches and celebrating their services, which is only permissible after preliminary approval by state authorities.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Mar 2011
    Kyrgyzstan
    JUA
    KGZ 2/2011
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged arrests of Jehovah’s witnesses. According to information received, Mr. Janibek Nosirov (aged 22) and Mr. Iskender Kambarov (aged 17) were arrested on 29 January 2011 for possessing extremist material, namely two videos produced by the organization Hizb ut-Tahrir. Reportedly, the videos were planted on them, and the arrests were related to the recent application for registration by Jehovah‘s Witnesses in the district of Batken Oblast. Both Mr. Nosirov and Mr. Kambarov were subsequently taken to court, and had been held in a pre-trial detention facility in Pulgon in Kadamja. On 10 January 2011, Ms. Nurjan Bekboyeva and Ms. Gulkaiyre Moldosheva, both Jehovah‘s Witnesses, were reportedly stopped on a street in the city of Kara Kul, for preaching on the street. They were reportedly taken to the SNSS headquarters in Kara-Kul where they were interrogated. Reportedly, during the interrogation the SNSS officials insisted that the two women were preaching and that it was unlawful for them to do so without first obtaining registration.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    22 Feb 2011
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
    IRN 4/2011
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • minority issues
Alleged arrests and detention of members of religious minorities. According to information received, the following Christians had been arrested and/or detained: Mr. Mostafa Shokrollahi, Mr. Khalil Yar-Ali, Mr. Arastoo Faroukh Samani, Mr. Abrahim Firouzin, Mr. Leonard Keshishian (whose place of detention remained undisclosed), Mr. Yasaman Yar-Ahmadi, Mr. Basir Amini, Mr. Rafi Nadipoor, Ms. Leila Akhavan, Ms. Sara Akhvan, Mr. Mehdi Forootan, Ms. Ladan Nouri, Mr. Farshid Fathi, Mr. Mohammad Zardouz, Ms. Nasrin Hosseini Nia, Mr. Javad Zare, Ms. Anahita Zare, Mr. Davood Abdi, Mr. Rasool Abdolahi, Ms. Maryam Abdolahi, Pastor Abrahamian, Mr. Mojtaba Keshavarz-Ahmadai, Mr. Shahin Rostami Azar-Kordi, Mr. Reza Estifan, Mr. Ehsan Behrouz, Mr. Ali Shahvari. In January 2011, Pastor Behnam Irani was found guilty for ?action against the order?. On 24 January 2011, as Pastor Behnam was leaving the tribunal, he was allegedly kidnapped and his whereabouts remained unknown. Arrest and detention of members of the Bahá'í faith: On 30 December 2010, four Intelligence Ministry officers allegedly came to Mr. Adib Haghpajouh‘s home in Shiraz, Fars province, confiscated all material related to his religion, and arrested him. On 28 December 2010, officers of the Intelligence Ministry reportedly searched the homes of Ms. Shiva Karimi, Ms. Homeyra Parvizi, Mr. Navid Marghi and Mr. Masrour Fazli in Oroumiyeh, West Azerbaijan province. Material related to the Bahá'í faith were confiscated. Ms. Karimi, Ms. Parvizi and Mr. Marghi were allegedly arrested. Mr. Fazli, Mr. Ehsan Amouzegar and Mr. Akbar Arsalani were arrested on 30 December 2010. On 20 December, Ms. Anisa Safarian was arrested at her home in Babolsar, Mazandaran province. Before taking her into custody, Intelligence Ministry agents reportedly searched the home and confiscated material related to the Bahá‘í faith. On 8 December 2010, Intelligence Ministry officers came to the home of Mr. Omid Ghanbari in Sari, Mazandaran province and arrested him. Agents later arrested his wife, Ms. Fattaneh Nouri (Ghanbari), and his sister, Ms. Roya Ghanbari. Concern was expressed about the personal security of seven detained Bahá'ís: Ms. Fariba Kamalabadi, Mr. Jamaloddin Khanjani, Mr. Afif Naeimi, Mr. Saeid Rezaie, Mr. Behrouz Tavakkoli, Mr. Vahid Tizfahm and Ms. Mahvash Sabet. They were the subject of earlier communications (see A/HRC/10/8/Add.1, paras. 93-94 and paras. 101-112; A/HRC/13/40/Add.1, paras. 130-135; and A/HRC/16/53/Add.1, paras. 185-195).
Alleged victims: 44
More details...
    17 Feb 2011
    Other actors
    AL
  • religion or belief
Alleged restrictions on the right to worship and to exercise freedom of religion. According to the information received, on 25 December 2010, Turkish Cypriot authorities interrupted the service taking place in the Church of Saint Sinesios in Rizokarpaso, forced the congregation out of the church and subsequently sealed it. Reportedly, the Church is one of seven religious sites in the area where religious services can be performed without advance permission. The same day, Turkish Cypriot authorities reportedly refused permission for the performance of Christmas mass in the Church of the Holy Trinity (Ayia Triada) in the nearby village of Yialoussa. On 4 February 2011, Christian worshippers on the Karpas peninsula were allegedly banned from holding evening masses. Reportedly, a new procedure had been introduced by the Turkish Cypriot authorities, requiring that all religious celebrations (apart from those on Sundays) in the village churches seek permission with at least 30 days advance notice.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
03 May 2011
    17 Feb 2011
    Indonesia
    JUA
    IDN 1/2011
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • minority issues
Alleged harassment and attacks against the Ahmadiyyah community. According to the information received, on 6 February 2011, over 1,000 armed people stormed the house of an Ahmadiyyah community leader in Umbulan village in West Java. Three members of the community, Mr. Adi Mulyadi (24 years old), Mr. Roni (34) and Mr. Tarno (33), were allegedly beaten and stoned to death. Mr. Ferdiaz (30) and Mr. Deden Sujana (45) were stabbed, Mr. Bebi (45) received a serious injury to his head and Mr. Masihudin was stripped naked and beaten. The attackers reportedly destroyed the house and vehicles parked around it. This follows an incident on 5 February, when the house of the local Ahmadiyyah leader Mr. Ismail Suparman was attacked. On 28 January 2011, an Ahmadiyyah congregation was reportedly evacuated following an attack on the congregation in the Makassar mosque, in the capital of South Sulawesi. The minister for security reportedly reminded Ahmadiyyah members of the joint ministerial decree of 9 June 2008, which instructs adherents of the Indonesian Ahmadiyyah Congregation, as long as they claim to be Muslims, to stop the spreading of the belief that there is another prophet after Muhammad.
Alleged victims: 8
More details...
    16 Feb 2011
    Malaysia
    JUA
    MYS 2/2011
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged risk of ill-treatment and discrimination in relation to deportation. According to the information received, Mr. X, aged 33, from Karachi, Pakistan, submitted his application for asylum in Kuala Lumpur on 29 November 2010. He belongs to the Ahmadiyyah community. Since 2008, Mr. X had reportedly been threatened in Pakistan and targeted by religious leaders, due to his practice and preaching of the Ahmadiyyah faith. Mr. X was allegedly forced to flee from Pakistan in 2010, leaving behind his pregnant wife and son. Their safety and well being is also reportedly at risk. Mr. X had been awaiting the status of his asylum application in Kuala Lumpur.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    08 Feb 2011
    Thailand
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged arrest and detention of 60 Ahmadis of Pakistani origin. According to the information received, the following refugees and asylum seekers along with members of their families were arrested on 14 December 2010 and taken to the Bangkok Detention Centre: Mr. Azhar Ahmad Khalid, Mr. Rana Haroon Siddique, Mr. Umer Sultan, Sheikh Tahir Ahmed, Mr. Hafeez Ahmed, Mr. Aadil Zia Kahloon, Mr. Munawer Ahmad Cheema, Mr. Tahir Mehmood, Mr. Jameel Ahmad , Mr Sakhawat Ali, Mr. Mansoor & Adnan, Mr Mansoora Riwan, Mr. Altaf Hussain Bukhari, Mr. Abdul Qudus, Mr. Nimatullah. The persons listed above belong to the Ahmadiyyah faith and had reportedly taken shelter in Bangkok following the killings and attacks on two Ahmadiyyah mosques in Pakistan in May 2010. The detention centre had reportedly been overcrowded, with poor sanitation and hygiene conditions.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Mar 2011
    08 Feb 2011
    China
    JUA
    CHN 2/2011
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Alleged arbitrary arrest, torture and harassment of a Christian human rights lawyer. According to the information received, Dr. Fan Yafeng is a legal academic, human rights lawyer and a Christian church leader. On 30 October 2010, Dr. Yafeng was summoned by the authorities, and subsequently detained at the Shuangyushu hotel. On 7 November 2010, he was summoned and charged with disturbing the peace, following a gathering at the Shengshan Church. Dr. Yafeng was detained until 19 December 2010. During this time, he was allegedly taken to a hotel and hooded. Subsequently, he was taken to an unknown location where he was beaten and threatened by the guobao police. Under this pressure, Dr. Yafeng reportedly promised to abandon all his efforts in the context of human rights activism.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    01 Feb 2011
    Republic of Moldova
    AL
    MDA 1/2011
  • religion or belief
Alleged refusal to register religious minority group. According to the information received, religious minority groups have encountered difficulties in getting registered under the procedure in accordance with articles 16 to 23 of the 2007 Law on religious denominations and religious communities. The Muslim group ?Islam. Sermon and Guidance in the Republic of Moldova? had reportedly on three occasions applied for registration, however, all their efforts were declined on technical grounds. The authorities had reportedly argued that they will only register one official Muslim community; however, as other Muslim groups also exist in the Republic of Moldova (Tuhanteli Tatar, Tatar Community Ideli, etc.), the authorities‘ argument would mean that none of them could be registered as long as there is plurality of Muslim groups. The Ministry of Justice had also reportedly refused to register a Falun Gong group.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    24 Jan 2011
    Pakistan
    JUA
    PAK 1/2011
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Allegation that the implementation of the blasphemy provisions has triggered a general atmosphere of fear. According to the information received, the death of the late Governor of Punjab Mr. Salman Taseer on 4 January 2011 was related to his opposition against the blasphemy provisions. In November 2010, Parliamentarian and former Information Minister Ms. Sherry Rehman submitted a private members‘ bill seeking to eliminate the death penalty for the use of derogatory remarks in respect of the Holy Prophet and penalize false blasphemy accusations. Subsequently, two fatwas demanding her death were declared. The journalist Mr. Kamran Ali Chisti received death threats after lodging complaints against the Imam of the Sultan Mosque in Karachi following the issuance of the fatwa against Ms. Rehman. Mr. Shazad Kamran, who provides moral, legal and financial support for people convicted of blasphemy, reportedly received death threats. There have been death threats to other activists and lawyers, including Ms. Asma Jahangir, President of the Supreme Court Bar Association and former UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief. Ms. Sherbano Taseer, daughter of the late Mr. Salman Taseer, has reportedly received death threats. On 8 December 2010, Imam Yousuf Quershi of the Mohabat Khan mosque in Peshawar, reportedly pronounced a reward for anyone who kills Ms. Asia Bibi, member of the Christian minority who had been sentenced to death on blasphemy charges on 7 November 2010. The Minister for Minorities, Mr. Shabhaz Bhatti had reportedly received death threats. On 29 October 2010, Muslim inmates at a prison in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province allegedly stoned a young Christian man named Imran Masih. On 11 January 2011, Mr. Mohammed Shafi and his son Mr. Mohammed Aslam were reportedly jailed to life imprisonment for blasphemy.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    18 Jan 2011
    Hungary
    JAL
    HUN 1/2011
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Allegation that new media laws limit the rights to freedom of opinion and expression and thought, conscience and religion. According to the information received, the Press and Media Act (Act CIV of 2010) and the Media Services and Mass Media Act (Act CLXXXV of 2010) were adopted by the parliament of Hungary on 20 December 2010, and came into effect on 1 January 2011. Allegedly, these Acts constitute a regressive step for press freedom and all individuals‘ right to freedom of opinion and expression in Hungary. The types of media content deemed illegal in the two Acts are reportedly overly broad and vague, and the Acts would be enforced by a non-independent entity.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Jan 2011
    Afghanistan
    JUA
    AFG 1/2011
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • minority issues
Alleged detention of Christian converts. According to the information received, Mr. X, a convert to Christianity, was arrested in Kabul on 31 May 2010 by security officers working with the Ministry of Interior, detained in Oullayat Prison in Kabul, and subjected to sleep deprivation, sexual abuse, beatings and mockery. On 29 October 2010, Mr. X was transferred to Kabul Detention Center compound. Reportedly, no Afghan attorney had been willing to represent him and a foreign attorney was turned away by Afghan officials. It was feared that Mr. X‘s could face death penalty on charges of apostasy. On 20 October 2010, Mr. Y was allegedly arrested by Afghan National Police in Mazar-e-Sharif for giving a Bible to a man. He was charged with promoting Christianity and told to return to Islam. Mr. Y remained detained, although the court in Mazar-e-Sharif, on 6 January 2011, dismissed the case against him on the grounds that he was mentally unstable.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    06 Jan 2011
    Greece
    JAL
    GRC 1/2010
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged attacks against mosques, cemeteries and associations belonging to the Muslim minority. According to the information received, growing intolerance and hate-motivated incidents and attacks have been experienced by members of the Muslim minority of Western Thrace. In 2010, the following hate-motivated incidents and attacks were reported: On 21 March, unidentified assailants broke the windows of a building of the Turkish Youth Union of Komotini. In May, some gravestones in the cemeteries of Kahveci and Kirmahalle of the city Komotini were destroyed. On 12 August, the Consulate General of Turkey in Thessaloniki was attacked. On 13 August, the Muslim cemetery of Pospos (Pospos) and Ifestos (Kalkanca) districts were desecrated. On 18 September, the Consulate General of Turkey in Thessaloniki was again attacked. On 13 December, the Beyköy (Avato) Mosque in Xanthi was attacked with a firebomb.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 Jan 2011
    Egypt
    JAL
    EGY 1/2011
  • religion or belief
  • minority issues
Alleged attack and threats against minority Coptic Christian worshippers. According to the information received, on 1 January 2011, a bomb attack targeted Coptic Christian worshippers who had emerged from a New Year‘s mass in the Al-Qiddissin Church in Alexandria. The bombings killed 23 Coptic Christians and injured at least 97 others. Reportedly, a statement on an Islamist website posted about two weeks before the bombings had called for attacks on Egypt‘s churches and had listed among them the Al-Qiddissin Church. Following the bombing, several hundreds of Copts took to the streets in protest, clashing with Egyptian police and security forces. There had reportedly been further threats against churches made on Islamist websites.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    30 Dec 2010
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
    IRN 36/2010
  • arbitrary Detention
  • religion or belief
  • executions
Alleged detention and death sentence on charges of apostasy. According to the information received, Mr. Behrouz Sadegh-Khanjani, the Chair of the Pastoral Council of the Church of Iran, had been held in a security prison in Shiraz since June 2010 on charges of apostasy. In the period between his arrest and late November 2010 Pastor Khanjani was given access to his attorney only once. During most of his imprisonment he was held in solitary confinement. Mr. Yousef Nadarkhani, a 33-year-old member of the Church of Iran ministry and pastor in the northern city of Rasht, had been in prison in Lakan since 12 October 2009. On 21 and 22 September 2010, Mr. Nadarkhani was put on trial, found guilty and given a death sentence. An appeal was filed by Mr. Nadarkhani‘s lawyer on 5 December 2010. Unless the appeal proves successful, Mr. Nadarkhani is to be executed by hanging for the crime of apostasy.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    07 Dec 2010
    Ukraine
    AL
    UKR 7/2010
  • religion or belief
Alleged attack against members of LGBTI organizations. According to the information received, on 20 November 2010, Insight organized a candlelight vigil, film exhibition and discussion on transgender issues, in cooperation with the Visual Cultural Centre, to promote the Transgender Day of Remembrance held in memory of those killed due to anti-transgender violence in Ukraine. While the film was being screened, a group of ten men wearing masks reportedly attempted to enter the Centre by force; however, they were denied entrance by the organizers of the event including Mr. Timur Lysenko, the coordinator of the transgender programme of Insight. The masked men consequently attacked and beat Mr. Lysenko and sprayed tear gas at those present, severely injuring Mr. Lysenko and Ms. Anastasia Medco, a representative of the NGO Fulcrum, among others.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...