Communication report and search
OHCHR.org

149 communications found
Date, Country,
Type and
ref. no. of
communication
Mandates Summary Replies
received
    31 Aug 2020
    India
    JOL
  • environment
  • business
  • food
  • indigenous peoples
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the draft notification “Environment Impact Assessment Notification, 2020”, issued by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, which, if published, will supersede the Environment Impact Assessment notification dated the 14th September, 2006 and its subsequent amendments.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    13 Jul 2020
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • business
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • poverty
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the five year prison sentence handed down to woman human rights defender Ms. Houayheuang Xayabouly for sharing her views on corruption and environmental rights in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    24 Jun 2020
    Argentina
    JAL
  • water and sanitation
  • health
  • housing
  • poverty
Información recibida en relación a la situación de vulnerabilidad frente a la pandemia de COVID-19 de las personas que habitan en los barrios populares de Buenos Aires, debido a violaciones de sus derechos al agua y el saneamiento, y de las personas residentes en el asentamiento de La Toma, en Barranqueras, Provincia del Chaco, debido a la inseguridad jurídica en la tenencia de sus viviendas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 Aug 2020
24 Aug 2020
24 Aug 2020
24 Aug 2020
24 Aug 2020
24 Aug 2020
    23 Jun 2020
    Angus Soft Fruits LTD
    JAL
  • poverty
  • business
  • food
  • health
  • housing
  • migrants
  • slavery
  • violence against women
  • water and sanitation
Information received regarding the alleged human rights violations suffered by temporary migrant workers, and in particular women seasonal migrant workers from Morocco, employed to help during the harvest season in strawberry farms in the province of Huelva, in southern Spain.
Alleged victims: 3000
More details...
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
06 Aug 2020
19 Aug 2020
    23 Jun 2020
    Morocco
    JAL
  • poverty
  • business
  • food
  • health
  • housing
  • migrants
  • slavery
  • violence against women
  • water and sanitation
Informations reçues concernant des violations alléguées des droits de l'homme dont sont victimes les travailleurs saisonniers migrants, et en particulier les femmes travailleuses migrantes, employés pour contribuer aux récoltes dans les exploitations de fraises de la province de Huelva, dans le sud de l'Espagne.
Alleged victims: 3000
More details...
    23 Jun 2020
    Plus Berries y Agrícola El Bosque SL
    JAL
  • poverty
  • business
  • food
  • health
  • housing
  • migrants
  • slavery
  • violence against women
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida en relación con la situación actual y cada vez más alarmante de las violaciones sistemáticas de los derechos humanos que sufren los trabajadores migrantes temporales, y en particular las mujeres temporeras, empleados para ayudar durante la temporada de cosecha en las explotaciones agrícolas de fresas en la provincia de Huelva, en el sur de España.
Alleged victims: 3000
More details...
    22 Jun 2020
    Spain
    JAL
  • poverty
  • business
  • food
  • health
  • housing
  • migrants
  • slavery
  • violence against women
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida en relación con la situación actual y cada vez más alarmante de las violaciones sistemáticas de los derechos humanos que sufren los trabajadores migrantes temporales, y en particular las mujeres temporeras, empleados para ayudar durante la temporada de cosecha en las explotaciones agrícolas de fresas en la provincia de Huelva, en el sur de España.
Alleged victims: 3000
More details...
26 Jun 2020
    09 Jun 2020
    Philippines
    JAL
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • food
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
Information received concerning the alleged use of lethal force by the police in the enforcement of the Enhanced Community Quarantine that was imposed across the Philippines in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    08 Jun 2020
    United States of America
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • hazardous substances
  • health
  • housing
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • mercenaries
  • minority issues
  • older persons
  • poverty
  • racism
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • torture
Information received concerning several recent killings of people of African descent in apparently State-endorsed operations in the United States
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    28 May 2020
    India
    JAL
  • poverty
  • food
  • health
  • housing
  • minority issues
Information received concerning the humanitarian crisis of approximately 100 million internal migrant workers in India amid the COVID-19 pandemic, who are at risk of dying due to starvation, fatigue, rail and road accidents, in addition to lacking transport options, access to food, shelter, water and sanitation and social safety, while facing police brutality in the process of searching for food or travelling large distances from cities back to their villages.
Alleged victims: 100000000
More details...
26 Jun 2020
    22 May 2020
    Mexico
    JAL
  • water and sanitation
  • health
  • indigenous peoples
  • poverty
Información recibida sobre alegaciones de graves carencias en recursos médicos y en el acceso al agua y el saneamiento para hacer frente a la crisis provocada por la pandemia de COVID-19 en varias zonas de los estados de Chipas y Oaxaca, en el sur de México, que estarían afectando, entre otros, a los pueblos indígenas que las habitan.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
18 Jun 2020
18 Jun 2020
18 Jun 2020
18 Jun 2020
18 Jun 2020
18 Jun 2020
18 Jun 2020
18 Jun 2020
18 Jun 2020
18 Jun 2020
    14 May 2020
    Hungary
    JUA
  • health
  • poverty
Information received concerning the discharge of hospitalized individuals in Hungary, whose continued care and treatment, including for chronic and terminal diseases, are at risk following a government order to all Hungary’s hospitals to free up 60 percent of their beds to make room amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
18 May 2020
    08 May 2020
    Haiti
    JUA
  • housing
  • executions
  • health
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Informations reçues concernant une opération contre les bandits armés dans le Village de Dieu, à Port-au-Prince, qui pourrait exposer ses habitants à de graves violations des droits de l'homme.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    07 May 2020
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • women and girls
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • slavery
Información recibida en relación con la situación de las denominadas “madres cuidadoras” que laboran para la Secretaría de Obras Sociales de la esposa del Presidente. Las mujeres estarían sujetas a condiciones y posibles prácticas de explotación laboral que podrían constituir trabajo forzoso, y habrían sufrido actos de estigmatización de parte del gobierno tras reivindicar sus derechos. Además, estarían ahora en riesgo de perder su única fuente de ingresos sin ninguna posibilidad de reclamar sus derechos como trabajadoras, tras la intención anunciada del gobierno de cerrar el programa de “hogares sustitutos”.
Alleged victims: 684
More details...
04 Jul 2020
    30 Apr 2020
    Driscoll's, Inc.
    JAL
  • poverty
  • business
  • housing
  • water and sanitation
Information received regarding labor conditions of migrant workers in strawberry industry
Alleged victims: 1300
More details...
25 Jun 2020
    30 Apr 2020
    Spain
    JAL
  • poverty
  • business
  • housing
  • water and sanitation
Information received, and directly observed, concerning the situation of agriculture workers living in migrant settlements in Huelva
Alleged victims: 1300
More details...
    29 Apr 2020
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • poverty
  • education
  • health
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida en relación con el creciente deterioro de la situación de los derechos humanos en Venezuela en un contexto de agudización de la crisis económica, aumento de la desigualdad, incremento de la pobreza, acentuación del hambre y la desnutrición, deterioro acelerado de los servicios públicos y profunda crisis en el sector educativo.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Apr 2020
    Haiti
    JAL
  • poverty
  • African Descent
  • hazardous substances
  • health
  • housing
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • racism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • water and sanitation
Informations reçues concernant le fait que les victimes de l'épidémie de choléra de 2010 en Haïti continuent de se voir refuser des recours efficaces.
Alleged victims: 829000
More details...
    28 Apr 2020
    Mr. Antonio Guterres
    JAL
  • poverty
  • African Descent
  • hazardous substances
  • health
  • housing
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • racism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • water and sanitation
Information received regarding the continued denial of effective remedies to the victims of the 2010 cholera outbreak in Haiti.
Alleged victims: 829000
More details...
26 Jun 2020
    17 Apr 2020
    Bank of Ayuhaya
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Lao PDR.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
11 Sep 2020
11 Sep 2020
11 Sep 2020
    17 Apr 2020
    Export-Import Bank of Thailand
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Laos.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
    17 Apr 2020
    Korea Western Power Company
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Laos.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
    17 Apr 2020
    Krung Thai Bank
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Laos.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
16 Jun 2020
16 Jun 2020
16 Jun 2020
    17 Apr 2020
    Lao Holding State Enterprise
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Laos.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
    17 Apr 2020
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Lao PDR.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
24 Jun 2020
16 Jul 2020
    17 Apr 2020
    Ratchaburi Electricity Generating Holding
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Laos.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
    17 Apr 2020
    Republic of Korea
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Laos.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
06 Jul 2020
    17 Apr 2020
    SK Engineering Construction
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Laos.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
    17 Apr 2020
    Thailand
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Laos.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
    17 Apr 2020
    Thanachart Bank
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Laos.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
28 Aug 2020
    17 Apr 2020
    The Export-Import Bank of Korea (Korea Eximbank)
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Laos.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
    17 Apr 2020
    Xe-Pian Xe-Namnoy Power Company
    JAL
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the alleged negative human rights impacts caused by the collapse of an auxiliary dam in Attapeu province, in the south-eastern state of Lao PDR.
Alleged victims: 7001
More details...
12 Jun 2020
    14 Apr 2020
    Ireland
    OL
  • poverty
Information received concerning the Public Services Card (PSC), especially its impact on the human rights of beneficiaries of social welfare payments and other government benefits.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
21 Apr 2020
    15 Jan 2020
    Nigeria
    JAL
  • poverty
  • housing
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the escalation of the Lagos State Government’s renewed plans to privatize important parts of the water system in Lagos, despite widespread public opposition, and the negative impact of such privatization on the human rights of lower income Lagosians in the absence of essential safeguards.
Alleged victims: 21000000
More details...
    20 Nov 2019
    Lebanon
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • torture
  • women and girls
Information received concerning several incidents of alleged excessive force and ill-treatment by security forces and Lebanese army personnel against protesters, and failures to adequately protect protesters from violent attacks by alleged sympathizers of political groups, during overwhelmingly peaceful mass protests across towns and cities in Lebanon, including downtown Beirut, since 17 October 2019.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
20 Jan 2020
    05 Nov 2019
    Chile
    JUA
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Información recibida en relación a alegaciones de serias violaciones a los derechos a la vida y la integridad personal, a la libertad de expresión, de reunión pacífica y de asociación en Chile, en el contexto de las manifestaciones que han tenido lugar desde el 19 de octubre de 2019 a partir de la declaratoria del Estado de Excepción Constitucional de Emergencia y hasta la fecha de la presente, en particular sobre el uso excesivo de la fuerza en contra de manifestantes (incluyendo niños, niñas y adolescentes); lo cual ha causado al menos 4316 personas detenidas y 1574 heridas, incluyendo al menos 23 personas que habrían perdido la vida mientras participaban en las protestas. Hemos recibido también información sobre presuntas detenciones masivas, violencia sexual a mujeres, presuntas detenciones ilegales en domicilios particulares y hechos que podrían constituir tortura, tratos o penas crueles, inhumanas y degradantes en centros de detención.
Alleged victims: 4667
More details...
03 Jan 2020
03 Jan 2020
03 Jan 2020
03 Jan 2020
03 Jan 2020
03 Jan 2020
    25 Sep 2019
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
Information received concerning the potential disappearance of Mr. Od Sayavong.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
17 Jan 2020
    25 Sep 2019
    Thailand
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
Information received concerning the potential disappearance of Mr. Od Sayavong.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    24 Sep 2019
    North Macedonia
    JAL
  • health
  • minority issues
  • poverty
  • racism
Information received concerning the significant barriers to civil registration, including birth registration linked to obstacles in accessing healthcare, faced by persons belonging to the Roma minority in North Macedonia, which place them at risk of statelessness.
Alleged victims: 900
More details...
30 Dec 2019
    19 Aug 2019
    Thailand
    JAL
  • environment
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
Information received concerning the conviction of 14 land rights defenders and the imprisonment of 13 of them in connection with their resistance to eviction from lands belonging to the Sai Thong National Park.
Alleged victims: 14
More details...
10 Jun 2020
    22 Jul 2019
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • education
  • food
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • indigenous peoples
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida proveniente de diferentes actores nacionales sobre los impactos negativos que han tenido una serie de desalojos forzosos ejecutados desde 2017 a la fecha, en varios derechos humanos entre ellos el derecho a vivienda, alimentación, agua, saneamiento, educación, de las personas que viven en el área rural y que pertenecen a pueblos indígenas y a comunidades campesinas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    20 May 2019
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
Information received concerning the alleged continuing violations of the human rights of Mr. Jiang Tianyong. Mr. Jiang is a renowned human rights lawyer who represented clients in a number of high-profile cases over the last decade.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
27 Jun 2019
    17 Apr 2019
    Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
    JOL
  • disability
  • poverty
Information received concerning the importance of better promoting and protecting the rights of persons with disabilities in the Environmental and Social Framework (ESF) of this Bank, which aim at improving social and economic outcomes in Asia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    16 Apr 2019
    Haiti
    JAL
  • executions
  • health
  • housing
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Informations reçues concernant les exécutions arbitraires de 71 individus, la disparition de 2 personnes, le viol de 11 individus ainsi que des actes de vandalisme et de destruction de plus de 150 maisons, survenus dans le quartier de La Saline, dans la commune de Port-au-Prince.
Alleged victims: 84
More details...
29 Apr 2019
    01 Apr 2019
    Zimbabwe
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • foreign debt
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • poverty
  • violence against women
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the Government’s response to the country’s economic crisis
Alleged victims: 289
More details...
    27 Mar 2019
    Market Asset Management ltd.
    JAL
  • business
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • housing
  • minority issues
  • poverty
Information received concerning the alleged planned re-development of the Seven Sisters Indoor Market, in the London Borough of Haringey
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
10 Apr 2019
08 May 2019
    21 Jan 2019
    Myanmar
    JOL
  • food
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • minority issues
  • Myanmar
  • poverty
In this connection, we would like to bring to the attention of your Excellency’s Government information we have received concerning the Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Lands Management Law 2012 as amended by the Law Amending the Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Lands Management Law 2018 (Law).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    31 Dec 2018
    Brazil
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • executions
  • foreign debt
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • racism
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Follow-up to the communication on the murders of Ms. Marielle Franco and her driver.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
09 Jan 2019
20 Feb 2019
    14 Nov 2018
    Turkey
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • slavery
Information received concerning the detention of 24 construction workers on 19 September 2018 and an additional arrest of ten construction workers and trade union officials in October 2018
Alleged victims: -
More details...
10 Jan 2019
    04 Sep 2018
    Paraguay
    JOL
  • poverty
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con una iniciativa para reformar la ley sobre los trabajadores domésticos, actualmente en revisión ante la Cámara de Diputados.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    04 Sep 2018
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • older persons
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida en relación con el ininterrumpido deterioro de instalaciones específicas de salud en Venezuela, al grado de provocar la propagación de infecciones intrahospitalarias, la muerte prevenible de niños y niñas e impactar de manera desproporcionada la integridad física y mental de personas mayores.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
05 Nov 2018
    14 Jun 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • women in law and in practice
Informations received concerning the arrest and charges against a number of women’s human rights defenders, along with acts of reprisal against Ms. Loujain Al-Hathloul.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    06 Jun 2018
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • health
  • poverty
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information received that more than 132 people have been killed by security forces in Bangladesh since 15 May 2018 in the context of the announcement of a ‘war on drugs”; that more than 13,000 individuals have been arrested and a number of others have been subjected to enforced disappearance in the same context; that drug users have been facing increasing difficulties to access health care services; and that the draft Narcotics Control Act, 2018 extends the death penalty to additional drug offenses.
Alleged victims: 13000
More details...
    18 May 2018
    Brazil
    JOL
  • education
  • food
  • foreign debt
  • housing
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the negative impacts of budget cuts, structural adjustment and austerity measures implemented since 2014, on several human rights, notably the rights to health, education, social security, food, as well as on gender equality, and in particular the negative impacts linked to the Constitutional Amendment No 95, also known as “Expenditure Ceiling”, in force for over 16 months.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
01 Aug 2018
    24 Apr 2018
    China
    JAL
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • older persons
Information received concerning an increasing trend of land grabbing and forced evictions in Beijing.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    24 Apr 2018
    Japan
    JAL
  • disability
  • foreign debt
  • poverty
  • housing
  • older persons
Information received concerning the negative impact of measures reducing social protection benefits on the realization of rights by persons with disabilities, which particularly affect the enjoyment of the rights to live independently and to be included in the community and to an adequate standard of living and social protection.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
22 Jun 2018
    03 Apr 2018
    Cambodia
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • Cambodia
  • poverty
Information received concerning the the Draft Minimum Wage Law (the “Draft Law”), which contains provisions that may unduly restrict public discourse on minimum wage and associated labour issues.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Mar 2018
    Brazil
    JAL
  • executions
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • African Descent
  • racism
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • foreign debt
  • poverty
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the killing of Ms Marielle Franco and her driver.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Mar 2018
27 Mar 2018
12 Sep 2018
    20 Feb 2018
    Turkey
    JOL
  • poverty
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • terrorism
Response to the reply of Turkish Government of 27 July 2017 to the communication dated 11 April 2017 (AL TUR 4/2017).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
13 Apr 2018
30 Apr 2018
    30 Jan 2018
    Australia
    OL
  • poverty
Information received concerning the Social Services Legislation Amendment Act 2017 (Amendment Act) and Social Services Legislation Amendment (Welfare Reform) Bill 2017 (Welfare Reform Bill).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    03 Jan 2018
    South Africa
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
Information received concerning the killing of human rights defender, Mr. Sibonelo Patrick Mpeku.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    11 Dec 2017
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • housing
  • food
  • health
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida en relación con el sistemático deterioro de las condiciones de vida y el aumento de la pobreza y la extrema pobreza, en particular en relación con la protección y el ejercicio por parte de la población venezolana de los derechos humanos a una vivienda adecuada, a la alimentación y a la salud.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
11 Jan 2018
    10 Nov 2017
    India
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • poverty
  • racism
Information received concerning the alleged judicial harassment of and death threats received by Mr. Rajat Kalsan.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    31 Oct 2017
    Australia
    JAL
  • housing
  • migrants
  • poverty
Information received concerning the denial of income and housing support to asylum seekers through the issuance of “final departure Bridging E Visas”.
Alleged victims: 400
More details...
21 Dec 2017
    17 Oct 2017
    Australia
    OL
  • poverty
Information received concerning the Social Services Legislation Amendment Act 2017 (Cth) (No. 33 of 2017) and concerns that it may have a negative impact on the human rights of persons living in poverty, particularly single parents and their children.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Dec 2017
15 Jan 2018
    29 Aug 2017
    India
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • poverty
  • indigenous peoples
Information received concerning the mega project Sardar Sarovar Dam in the Narmada river valley reported to result in the forceful eviction and displacement of 40,000 families and the arrest on 7 and 8 August 2017 of human rights defender, Ms. Medha Patkar, and nine other human rights defenders; Ms. Gayatri, Ms. Vimla, Ms. Manjula, Ms. Pushpa, Ms. Bhagwati, Ms. Sewati, Mr. Dharmendra, Mr. Rameshwar and Mr. Baau, as they engaged in a peaceful protest and hunger strike in opposition to this eviction.
Alleged victims: 40010
More details...
    28 Aug 2017
    Brazil
    JAL
  • health
  • housing
  • poverty
Information received concerning alleged multiple human rights violations committed during and after a police intervention against residents of the neighborhood known as of ‘Cracolândia’, located in the center of São Paulo.
Alleged victims: 23
More details...
06 Mar 2018
    24 Aug 2017
    Philippines
    JAL
  • business
  • migrants
  • poverty
  • slavery
Information received concerning allegedly abusive labour practices of United Seemac Co., in violation of human rights of migrant workers originating from the Republic of the Philippines
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
05 Jan 2018
    23 Aug 2017
    Myanmar
    JUA
  • Myanmar
  • food
  • poverty
  • minority issues
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning deteriorating food security situation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
11 Jan 2018
    31 Jul 2017
    Egypt
    JAL
  • business
  • migrants
  • poverty
  • slavery
Information received concerning allegedly abusive labour practices of United Seemac Co., in violation of human rights of migrant workers originating from the Arab Republic of Egypt
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    31 Jul 2017
    India
    JAL
  • business
  • migrants
  • poverty
  • slavery
Information received concerning allegedly abusive labour practices of United Seemac Co., in violation of human rights of migrant workers originating from India.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    31 Jul 2017
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • business
  • migrants
  • poverty
  • slavery
Information received concerning allegedly abusive labour practices of United Seemac Co., in violation of human rights of migrant workers originating from the Republic of Indonesia.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
02 Aug 2017
13 Oct 2017
    31 Jul 2017
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • business
  • migrants
  • poverty
  • slavery
Information received concerning allegedly abusive labour practices of United Seemac Co., in violation of human rights of migrant workers originating from the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    31 Jul 2017
    Sudan
    JAL
  • business
  • migrants
  • poverty
  • slavery
Information received concerning allegedly abusive labour practices of United Seemac Co., in violation of human rights of migrant workers originating from the Republic of the Sudan.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
06 Nov 2017
    31 Jul 2017
    Yemen
    JAL
  • business
  • migrants
  • poverty
  • slavery
Information received concerning allegedly abusive labour practices of United Seemac Co., in violation of human rights of migrant workers originating from the Republic of Yemen.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    14 Jul 2017
    United Seemac Co.
    JAL
  • poverty
  • business
  • migrants
  • slavery
Information received concerning allegedly abusive labour practices of your company, the United Seemac Co., in violation of human rights of its migrant workers.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    11 Jul 2017
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • business
  • migrants
  • poverty
  • slavery
Information received concerning allegedly abusive labour practices of a Saudi construction operator, the United Seemac Co., in violation of the human rights of its migrant workers.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
18 Aug 2017
11 Sep 2017
    01 Jun 2017
    Turkey
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • poverty
Information received concerning the recent arrest of Ms. Nuriye Gülmen and Mr. Semih Özakça, two teachers protesting on hunger strike against the dismissal from their jobs under the state of emergency measures adopted in 2016, as well as the one-day arrest of Ms. Sultan Özakça and Ms. Esra Özakça, mother and wife of Mr. Özakça, who were conducting a hunger strike opposing his arrest. Also, information concerning the hunger strike conducted by Mr. Kemal Gün in Tunceli for over three months, which has now ended.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
21 Jul 2017
    16 May 2017
    Canada
    JAL
  • health
  • housing
  • poverty
  • indigenous peoples
Information received regarding systemic homelessness in Canada and regarding homeless camps facing eviction in several locations in British Columbia.
Alleged victims: 1652
More details...
28 Sep 2018
    28 Apr 2017
    China
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the alleged harassment by security agents as well as permanent surveillance of Ms. Wang Qiaoling, the wife of the detained human rights lawyer Li Heping, and of Ms. Li Wenzu, the wife of another detained human rights lawyer, Wang Quanzhang, following their expressions of support for their husbands and their campaigns in different media to voice their situation.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
29 May 2017
    11 Apr 2017
    Turkey
    JAL
  • education
  • poverty
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Information received concerning alleged violations of economic and social rights caused by the exercise of emergency powers and the implementation of emergency measures by the Government in the aftermath of the coup attempt of 15 July 2016 and the consequent situation of poverty that many of the affected individuals and their families reportedly suffer.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
06 Jun 2017
27 Jul 2017
27 Jul 2017
27 Jul 2017
    27 Mar 2017
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • cultural rights
  • housing
  • poverty
Information received concerning the alleged demolition of the historic neighbourhood of Al-Masora in the town of Awamia, Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which has been announced on 31 December 2016.
Alleged victims: 3000
More details...
24 May 2017
    23 Mar 2017
    Brazil
    JOL
  • education
  • poverty
A follow-up letter in response to the reply of the Brazilian Government to the previous communication dated 8 December 2016 (AL BRA 7/2016), concerning the constitutional amendment (EC-95) and its negative impact on the realization of economic and social rights in Brazil.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    20 Feb 2017
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
Information received concerning the recent arrest and detention of Mr. Issa Al Nukheifi, which seems directly linked to his activities aimed at defending and promoting human rights in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the exercise of his right to freedom of expression.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
20 Apr 2017
    08 Feb 2017
    Serbia
    JUA
  • health
  • housing
  • migrants
  • poverty
Information received concerning the lack of adequate emergency assistance to approximately 1,200 migrants living in Serbia, particularly vulnerable to the severe winter conditions registered in the country in December 2016, January and February 2017, and the lack of the provision of alternative adequate housing, aggravated by concerns over collective expulsion of approximately 600 migrants.
Alleged victims: 1200
More details...
11 Aug 2017
    27 Jan 2017
    Greece
    JUA
  • health
  • housing
  • migrants
  • poverty
Information received concerning the lack of adequate emergency assistance to migrants, particularly vulnerable to the severe winter conditions registered in the country in December 2016 and January 2017, and the lack of provision for alternative adequate housing, causing serious health and security concerns especially for children and older persons.
Alleged victims: 50000
More details...
27 Feb 2017
    28 Dec 2016
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
Information received concerning the disappearance of Mr. Jiang Tianyong, a prominent human rights lawyer who was the subject of the previous communication (UA CHN 13/2016), and the compulsory criminal measures allegedly imposed on him, which appear to be related to his longstanding human rights work and which carry serious consequences on his right to a fair trial.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
20 Jan 2017
    22 Dec 2016
    Colombia
    JAL
  • food
  • indigenous peoples
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • health
Información recibida señalando que Colombia ha fallado en tomar medidas cautelares y correctivas suficientes para prevenir los impactos en los derechos humanos de la población Wayúu, en el departamento de La Guajira, causados por la desecación del río Ranchería tras la construcción de la represa El Cercado
Alleged victims: 10000
More details...
27 Feb 2017
    08 Dec 2016
    Brazil
    JAL
  • education
  • health
  • poverty
Information received concerning the possible adoption of Constitutional Amendment Bill No. 55 (“PEC 55/2016”) and its impact on the realization of economic and social rights in Brazil.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Dec 2016
21 Dec 2016
23 Dec 2016
23 Jan 2017
    02 Dec 2016
    China
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
Information received concerning Mr. Jiang Tianyong, a renowned human rights lawyer who has been allegedly disappeared by the authorities due to his human rights work and partly in reprisal of his meeting with the Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights in August 2016.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
20 Jan 2017
    26 Oct 2016
    China
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • poverty
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of Ms. Li Wenzu, as well as alleged acts of intimidation and harassment against her and Ms. Wang Qiaoling, which are believed to be aimed at further intimidating their spouses, who are arbitrarily detained for their work in defence of human rights, and, in addition, in reprisal for cooperation of Ms. Li Wenzu and Ms. Wang Qiaoling with the Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, who visited China from 15 to 23 August 2016.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
09 Dec 2016
    11 Oct 2016
    Mauritania
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • poverty
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant la détention arbitraire et condamnation de défenseurs des droits de l’homme
Alleged victims: 13
More details...
19 Oct 2016
    02 Aug 2016
    Mauritania
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • torture
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Informations reçues concernant l’arrestation et la détention arbitraires, et allégations de torture et de mauvais traitements de vingt-trois personnes.
Alleged victims: 23
More details...
    21 Jun 2016
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • health
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the presence of arsenic in the drinking water of vast areas of Bangladesh and the resulting negative impacts on the human rights of the affected population to water, health, life and effective remedies.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    09 May 2016
    Spain
    JAL
  • education
  • housing
  • food
  • health
  • minority issues
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Presuntas violaciones de los derechos humanos a la vivienda, al agua y al saneamiento, a la salud, a la educación y a la alimentación de miembros de una comunidad romaní. Según la información recibida, desde 2005, unas 435 personas, habitantes de un asentamiento informal conocido como “El Gallinero” en Madrid, viven en condiciones precarias y de insalubridad. Las viviendas tendrían un acceso limitado a la electricidad y al agua potable; y carecerían de servicios de saneamiento y de recolección de basura adecuados. Los riesgos graves de salud y contaminación ambiental podrían ser la causa de varios casos de diarreas y deshidratación en niños pequeños. Debido a razones administrativas relacionadas con el empadronamiento o la situación irregular de las familias, los habitantes también tendrían un acceso limitado a medicamentos o servicios de salud, a servicios educativos y a ayudas económicas para la alimentación.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
19 Jul 2016
    08 Apr 2016
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • housing
  • food
  • poverty
  • disability
Alleged negative impact of the Welfare Reform and Work Act on the human rights of persons living in poverty, particularly children, large families, single parents and persons with disabilities. According to the information received, the Welfare Reform and Work Act, enacted in March 2016, introduces major cuts in social benefits, including, inter alia, a lower cap on the household benefit, a four-year freeze on working-age benefits and tax credits, restrictions on child tax credits and reduced support for persons with disabilities in the Work-Related Activity Group. Concerns are raised that these changes have been introduced without adequate assessments of their impact on the rights to social protection and an adequate standard of living, and may contribute to a rise in poverty and inequality.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
14 Jul 2016
    05 Apr 2016
    United States of America
    JAL
  • housing
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Alleged violations of the human rights of residents of Flint, Michigan, in the context of lead contamination of its water, including the rights to adequate housing, water and sanitation, and non-discrimination. According to the information received, water supplies in the city of Flint became contaminated with lead following the city’s decision in April 2014 to switch its water source to the Flint River as a cost-cutting measure and its failure to put in place corrosion control measures to mitigate the levels of lead and copper in the water. Despite the emergence of evidence and studies that indicated an elevated level of lead in the water as well as in the blood of the children in Flint, the city insisted that its water supplies complied with all state and federal standards, failing to take immediate mitigation measures. It is further suggested that Flint residents, who are in majority Black or African American and among the most impoverished of any metropolitan area, did not enjoy the same degree of protection from environmental and health hazards as that provided to other communities. A previous communication raising concerns about the water crisis in Flint was sent on 2 March 2016, see above, case no. USA 1/2016.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    11 Mar 2016
    Colombia
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • racism
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • poverty
  • African Descent
Allegations of individual human rights violations as well as specific concerns particularly affecting the Afro-Colombian community in the municipality of. Buenaventura, Valle de Cauca Department, Colombia. According to the information received, despite the increased presence of public security forces in Buenaventura since 2014, criminal organized groups continue to exercise strong social, economic and local control over the lives and activities of its inhabitants, including by implementing invisible frontiers and imposing curfews in some of the neighbourhoods. These groups are said to be responsible for various criminal activities such as extortion, death threats, murder, enforced disappearances, imposition of various types of punishments, sexual violence against women and girls, child recruitment and forced displacement and eviction, aimed at taking control of the territory and the different communities living in the urban area of Buenaventura.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Jan 2017
    25 Feb 2016
    Netherlands
    JAL
  • migrants
  • housing
  • poverty
Letter in follow-up to the response received from the Government of the Netherlands on 9 July 2015 to a communication regarding the failure to provide emergency assistance to homeless migrants in an irregular situation. The letter argues that various forms of shelter provided to irregular migrants in the Netherlands, elaborated in detail in the Government’s reply, still fail to prevent them from becoming homeless. The letter sets out the Netherlands’ obligation under regional and international human rights law to provide a minimum essential level of the right to adequate housing as well as other related economic, social and cultural rights for all, including irregular migrants on its territory. The above-mentioned previous communication was sent to the Government of the Netherlands on 12 December 2014, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. NLD 1/2014. For the response of the Government of the Netherlands of 9 July 2015 to communication NLD 1/2014, see A/HRC/31/79.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
04 Nov 2016
    19 Feb 2016
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • food
  • poverty
Carta enviada a las autoridades de Guatemala con el fin de alentar a las nuevas autoridades cumplir con cuarto sentencias del Juzgado de Niñez y Adolescencia del Departamento de Zacapa del 2013, centrales al derecho a la alimentación en Guatemala. Se alienta concluir a la brevedad posible los avances en la elaboración y aprobación del Protocolo de actuación para el ejercicio del derecho humano a la alimentación, en el marco del cumplimiento de estas sentencias.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
10 May 2016
    13 Jan 2016
    Australia
    JAL
  • Somalia
  • terrorism
  • poverty
  • business
Allegations concerning the negative impact of termination of accounts of Somali money transfer operators (MTOs) by commercial banks in Australia on the human rights of Somali-Australians and people living in Somalia who are dependent on remittances from Australia. According to the information received, the implementation and enforcement of domestic and international anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism (AML/CFT) legislation and regulations resulted in increasing and widespread closure of bank accounts of Somali MTOs in Australia. There are concerns that the closing of bank accounts of Somali MTOs and the accompanying reduction in the level of remittances to Somalia may have a direct and significant impact on the enjoyment of a wide range of human rights of Somali-Australians as well as people living in Somalia, including the rights to equality, culture, food, education, health and life. Related communications were sent to the Governments of Somalia, the Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America on 13 January 2016, see below, case nos. SOM 2/2015, GBR 5/2015 and USA 21/2015.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
17 Mar 2016
    13 Jan 2016
    Somalia
    JAL
  • Somalia
  • terrorism
  • poverty
  • business
Allegations concerning the negative impact of termination of accounts of Somali money transfer operators (MTOs) by commercial banks in diaspora countries on the human rights of people living in Somalia who are dependent on remittances from these countries. According to the information received, the implementation and enforcement of domestic and international anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism (AML/CFT) legislation and regulations in diaspora countries, such as the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia, resulted in increasing and widespread closure of bank accounts of Somali MTOs. While the closure is largely influenced by the regulatory environment in the diaspora countries, it is also allegedly influenced by the current state of Somalia’s banking system. There are concerns that the closing of bank accounts of Somali MTOs and the accompanying reduction in the level of remittances to Somalia may have a direct and significant impact on the enjoyment of a wide range of human rights of people living in Somalia, including the rights to food, education, health and life. Related communications were sent to the Governments of Australia, the United States of America and the Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on 13 January 2016, see above, case no. AUS 9/2015, and below case nos. GBR 5/2015 and USA 21/2015.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    13 Jan 2016
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • Somalia
  • terrorism
  • poverty
  • business
Allegations concerning the negative impact of termination of accounts of Somali money transfer operators (MTOs) by commercial banks in the United Kingdom on the human rights of Somali-Britons and people living in Somalia who are dependent on remittances from the United Kingdom. According to the information received, the implementation and enforcement of domestic and international anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism (AML/CFT) legislation and regulations resulted in increasing and widespread closure of bank accounts of Somali MTOs in the United Kingdom. There are concerns that the closing of bank accounts of Somali MTOs and the accompanying reduction in the level of remittances to Somalia may have a direct and significant impact on the enjoyment of a wide range of human rights of Somali-Britons as well as people living in Somalia, including the rights to equality, culture, food, education, health and life. Related communications were sent to the Governments of Australia, Somalia and the United States of America on 13 January 2016, see above, case nos. AUS 9/2015 and SOM 2/2015, and below, case no. USA 21/2015.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 Mar 2016
    13 Jan 2016
    United States of America
    JAL
  • Somalia
  • terrorism
  • poverty
  • business
Allegations concerning the negative impact of termination of accounts of Somali money transfer operators (MTOs) by commercial banks in the United States on the human rights of Somali-Americans and people living in Somalia who are dependent on remittances from the United States. According to the information received, the implementation and enforcement of domestic and international anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism (AML/CFT) legislation and regulations resulted in increasing and widespread closure of bank accounts of Somali MTOs in the United States. There are concerns that the closing of bank accounts of Somali MTOs and the accompanying reduction in the level of remittances to Somalia may have a direct and significant impact on the enjoyment of a wide range of human rights of Somali-Americans as well as people living in Somalia, including the rights to equality, culture, food, education, health and life. Related communications were sent to the Governments of Australia, Somalia and the Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on 13 January 2016, see above, case nos. AUS 9/2015, SOM 2/2015 and GBR 5/2015.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
13 May 2016
    30 Oct 2015
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • poverty
  • cultural rights
Alleged patterns of continuous discrimination against Shia citizens, including through cultural, economic, educational and social government policies in Bahrain since 2011. According to the information received, peaceful protestors and other Shia citizens have experienced excessive use of force during and after the protests of 2011, with Shia religious clergy being particularly targeted. Government violence has also led to the destruction of many Shia mosques and sites of religious and cultural significance and of other signs of Shia presence in the country. The official historical narrative which systematically undermines the role of Baharna and Shia religious and cultural heritage in the country is also promoted in the official school curricula and media. Shia citizens allegedly also experience discrimination in access to citizenship, public sector employment and government social policies, particularly housing and welfare programs, making them more vulnerable to poverty. Various aspects of this situation, including the destruction of two mosques and withdrawal of citizenship, have already been raised in previous communications sent on 5 may 2011, see A/HRC/18/51, case no. BHR 8/2011, and on 29 November 2012, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. BHR 12/2012.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 Dec 2015
01 Feb 2016
    23 Oct 2015
    Other actors
    JAL
  • Haiti
  • housing
  • health
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Letter sent in follow-up to the allegation letter transmitted to the United Nations Secretary General on 25 September 2014 concerning the cholera outbreak in Haiti in 2010. The letter expresses concern about the inability of the victims of the cholera outbreak to vindicate their rights and to obtain access to a remedy for the harms suffered to date. The letter urges the United Nations to provide the victims with access to a transparent, independent and impartial mechanism to review and decide on their claims in order to ensure adequate reparation. The first letter transmitted on 25 September 2014 is included in A/HRC/28/85, see case no. HTI 3/2014.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 Feb 2016
    28 May 2015
    Republic of Moldova
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • poverty
Alleged failure to fully implement the Moldova Roma Community Action Plan. According to the information received, the Government of Moldova has failed to place 48 Roma community mediators in 44 communities as originally envisaged by the Action Plan. The recent decentralization of the funding structure for the mediators has reportedly had the opposite effect and resulted in a decrease in the number of mediators engaged. The letter calls on the Government to fully implement the recommendations made by the former Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights following her country visit to Moldova in September 2013 and requests information on the development of a Roma Inclusion Action Plan for the next five-year period (2016-2020).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
03 Aug 2015
    15 May 2015
    United States of America
    JAL
  • housing
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Alleged large-scale disconnection of water services disproportionally affecting poor African-American or Black households in the city of Baltimore. According to the information received, the Department of Public Works of the City of Baltimore has started to disconnect water services for households who are six months or more in arrears of more than 250 USD providing only a ten-day notice. The City announced plans to disconnect about 150 household per day starting at the end of March 2015. The combination of high poverty rates and water and sanitation bills which have tripled since 2000 has made water increasingly unaffordable for a large number of households. The assistance programme, which offers 161 USD to certain low-income households, is reported to be insufficient and difficult to access because of procedural and documentation requirements. These disconnections affect several rights, including the right to life, to health, to housing, and to water and sanitation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Jul 2015
    12 Feb 2015
    Guatemala
    JUA
  • food
  • poverty
Alegaciones de reducción del salario mínimo que afectaría el derecho a un nivel de vida adecuado, incluyendo alimentación, vestido y vivienda, de trabajadores de manufactura. Según la información recibida, la aprobación de varios Acuerdos Gubernamentales (471 a 474/ 2014) por parte del Organismo Ejecutivo introducirían un nuevo nivel de salario mínimo para la industria de manufactura ligera, dedicada a productos de exportación en cuatro municipios: Estanzuela (Zacapa), Masagua (Escuintla) y San Agustín Acasaguastlán y Guastatoya (El Progreso). Dicho salario mínimo sólo cubriría el 46 por ciento de la canasta básica de alimentos (CBA) y el 25 por ciento de la canasta básica vital (CBV), respectivamente. Se expresa preocupación por el hecho de que dicho salario mínimo estaría muy por debajo del nivel de ingresos suficientes para cubrir los gastos básicos de vida, lo cual pudiera indicar una violación prima facie del derecho de toda persona a un nivel de vida adecuado para ella y su familia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
13 Mar 2015
13 Mar 2015
13 Mar 2015
13 Mar 2015
13 Mar 2015
    12 Feb 2015
    Other actors
    JAL
  • migrants
  • housing
  • poverty
Letter addressed to the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe concerning two recent decisions of the European Committee of Social Rights (ECSR) which found that the Netherlands had violated various provisions of the European Social Charter (Charter) by failing to provide adequate access to emergency assistance to irregular migrants. The letter underlines that the right to an adequate standard of living applies to anyone regardless of legal status and documentation, and urges the Committee of Ministers to adopt a recommendation endorsing the ECSR’s decisions calling on the Netherlands to take immediate steps to bring the situation in the country into full conformity with the Charter.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    12 Dec 2014
    Netherlands
    JUA
  • migrants
  • housing
  • poverty
Allegations concerning the failure of the Government of the Netherlands to provide emergency assistance to homeless irregular migrants. According to the information received, the Government denies emergency assistance, such as food, clothing and shelter, to adult homeless irregular migrants. Recently, in two separate decisions, the European Committee of Social Rights found that the Netherlands was violating the European Social Charter by failing to provide adequate access to emergency assistance to irregular migrants. Although over 60 municipalities have requested the Government to provide them with temporary budget support to offer such assistance to irregular migrants and to temporarily halt their eviction from centres for asylum-seekers as a way of preventing more individuals from becoming homeless, the Government has refused to honour their requests. Concern is expressed that the Government reportedly still maintains that it is not under any obligation to provide emergency assistance for homeless migrants in an irregular situation, which contradicts international human rights law.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
04 Feb 2015
09 Jul 2015
    20 Aug 2014
    Argentina
    JAL
  • poverty
  • foreign debt
Letter concerning the human rights impact of United States Court orders relating to litigation between investment funds and Argentina. Concern is expressed that the rulings may push Argentina into a debt crisis with negative implications for the economic, social and cultural rights of its people and may impede future debt restructurings. The letter argues that so-called “vulture fund” litigation, including the court orders secured by NML Capital Limited, prevents heavily indebted countries from using resources freed up by debt relief for their development and poverty reduction programmes, and therefore diminishes the capacity of these countries to create the conditions necessary for the realization of human rights for their people. Similar letters were sent to the Government of the United States of America on 20 August 2014, see case no. USA 15/2014 below, and to NML Capital Ltd on 20 August 2014, see case no. OTH 10/2014 below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
20 Oct 2014
    20 Aug 2014
    Other actors
    JAL
  • poverty
  • foreign debt
Letter concerning the human rights impact of United States Court orders relating to litigation between investment funds and Argentina. Concern is expressed that the rulings may push Argentina into a debt crisis with negative implications for the economic, social and cultural rights of its people and may impede future debt restructurings. The letter argues that so-called “vulture fund” litigation, including the court orders secured by NML Capital Limited, prevents heavily indebted countries from using resources freed up by debt relief for their development and poverty reduction programmes, and therefore diminishes the capacity of these countries to create the conditions necessary for the realization of human rights for their people. Similar letters were sent to the Government of Argentina on 20 August 2014, see case no. ARG 2/2014 above, and to the Government of the United States of America on 20 August 2014, see case no. USA 10/2014 below.
Alleged victims: -
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    20 Aug 2014
    United States of America
    JAL
  • poverty
  • foreign debt
Letter concerning the human rights impact of United States Court orders relating to litigation between investment funds and Argentina. Concern is expressed that the rulings may push Argentina into a debt crisis with negative implications for the economic, social and cultural rights of its people and may impede future debt restructurings. The letter argues that so-called “vulture fund” litigation, including the court orders secured by NML Capital Limited, prevents heavily indebted countries from using resources freed up by debt relief for their development and poverty reduction programmes, and therefore diminishes the capacity of these countries to create the conditions necessary for the realization of human rights for their people. Similar letters were sent to the Government of Argentina on 20 August 2014, see case no. ARG 2/2014 above, and to NML Capital Ltd on 20 August 2014, see case no. OTH 10/2014 above.
Alleged victims: -
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14 Oct 2014
    24 Jun 2014
    United States of America
    JUA
  • housing
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Allegations of unjustified disconnections of water services in Detroit. According to the information received, the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department has been disconnecting water services from households who have not paid bills for two months, and has accelerated its pace from early-June by disconnecting 3,000 customers per week. As a result, some 30,000 households are expected to be disconnected from water services over the next few months. Because of a high poverty and unemployment rate, the increased costs of water and sanitation make them are unaffordable for a significant portion of the population. Voluntary funds have too little funding to support all households who cannot pay their water bills.
Alleged victims: -
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17 Oct 2014
    30 May 2014
    Colombia
    JAL
  • housing
  • health
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Alegaciones sobre los posibles efectos del proceso de revisión del Plan de Ordenamiento Territorial (POT) de la Oficina de Planeación Municipal de Medellín. Según la información recibida, una gran proporción de personas viviendo en extrema pobreza en Colombia se ha concentrado en asentamientos informales en zonas urbanas y periféricas. En el asentamiento informal El Faro, en la ciudad de Medellín, los residentes se enfrentan a una situación precaria de alto hacinamiento, sin acceso a servicios públicos básicos como agua y recolección de basura, a pesar de que muchos residentes pagan impuestos de propiedad. Los derechos de los residentes a un nivel de vida adecuado, a una vivienda adecuada, al agua y al saneamiento, y al nivel más alto posible de salud mental y física se ven amenazados. El Municipio declaró los territorios del barrio como inadecuadas para toda construcción urbana, y anunció un proyecto para construir un tanque de almacenamiento de agua en dichos terrenos, requiriendo la relocación de 37 familias. Se expresa preocupación ante estas alegaciones.
Alleged victims: -
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26 Aug 2014
    30 May 2014
    Other actors
    JAL
  • housing
  • health
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Follow-up letter concerning alleged forced eviction of residents living in Jagatsinghpur District, Odisha, India and surrounding areas. According to the information received, up to 20, 000 people may be forced to leave their homes as a result of land being acquired for the construction of an integrated steel plant and a captive port by Korean steel corporation, Pohang Iron and Steel Corporation (POSCO). Reports suggest that the construction of the steel plant will result in serious violations of the human rights of affected people, including the right to an adequate standard of living, right to food, right to adequate housing, right to water and sanitation, right to health, right to education, and other related rights of people living in extreme poverty. Reports further indicate that the rights of those opposing the project have been suppressed resulting in a series of human rights abuses.
Alleged victims: -
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25 Jul 2014
    27 May 2014
    Republic of Korea
    JAL
  • housing
  • food
  • health
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Follow-up letter concerning alleged forced eviction of residents living in Jagatsinghpur District, Odisha, India and surrounding areas. According to the information received, up to 20, 000 people may be forced to leave their homes as a result of land being acquired for the construction of an integrated steel plant and a captive port by Korean steel corporation, Pohang Iron and Steel Corporation (POSCO). Reports suggest that the construction of the steel plant will result in serious violations of the human rights of affected people, including the right to an adequate standard of living, right to food, right to adequate housing, right to water and sanitation, right to health, right to education, and other related rights of people living in extreme poverty. Reports further indicate that the rights of those opposing the project have been suppressed resulting in a series of human rights abuses.
Alleged victims: -
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07 Aug 2014
    20 May 2014
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • housing
  • food
  • poverty
Alleged violation of the human rights of persons living in poverty in the context of austerity measures. According to the information received, the Government has undertaken a combination of wide-ranging legal reforms and policy interventions designed to reduce public expenditure at the national and local level. A number of these measures were brought into effect through the Welfare Reform Act 2012. In January 2014, it was announced that austerity measures would continue between 2015 and 2017, with a further £12 billion to be cut from welfare expenditure. Concerns are expressed that these measures could severely undermine minimum essential levels of economic and social rights (in particular the right to an adequate standard of living, the right to adequate housing, the right to food, and the right to social security) in certain circumstances. The interventions amount to retrogressive measures prohibited under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
Alleged victims: -
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10 Jul 2014
    05 May 2014
    Other actors
    JAL
  • indigenous peoples
  • mercenaries
  • housing
  • food
  • health
  • poverty
  • foreign debt
  • water and sanitation
  • international order
  • business
Letter related to the review of the Environmental and Social Policy and Public Information Policy of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). The communication calls upon the EBRD to include more explicitly its commitment to human rights in its good governance policies, including by making reference to the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and its due diligence framework. It urges the EBRD to clarify that it will refrain from financing projects that would result in human rights violations or have serious negative human rights impacts and provides suggestions as to how its draft policies could be improved.
Alleged victims: -
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22 May 2014
    03 Feb 2014
    Kenya
    JAL
  • violence against women
  • housing
  • food
  • poverty
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of discrimination against women caused by provisions contained in the 2013 Matrimonial Property Bill. According to the information received, the 2013 Matrimonial Property Bill, adopted by the National Parliament of the Republic of Kenya on 12 November 2013, denies women the right to marital property upon divorce or death of their spouse, unless they can prove they made a financial contribution during their marriage. It has also been reported that only a minority of women own land title deeds in their own names or jointly with men in Kenya and that traditional customary laws regard property as the sole preserve of men, with women often struggling to provide for themselves and their children when they are widowed, divorced or separated.
Alleged victims: -
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    26 Nov 2013
    Nigeria
    JAL
  • housing
  • poverty
Alleged concerns over the impact of the Multi-Year Tariff Order II (MYTO II) and its potential detrimental impact on the realization of human rights of people living in extreme poverty in Nigeria. According to the information received, the fact that there is no functioning metering system limits the ability to accurately set prices for electricity and leaves electricity bills vulnerable to mismanagement and arbitrary decisions, disproportionately affecting people living in poverty. Certain groups already vulnerable to poverty and social exclusion, including women heads of households and persons living in informal settlements and in rural areas, may be especially affected by the rise in tariffs under MYTO II enacted by the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC) on 1 June 2012.
Alleged victims: -
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    21 Nov 2013
    Spain
    JAL
  • migrants
  • health
  • trafficking in persons
  • poverty
  • foreign debt
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged concerns over the impact of austerity measures on people living in poverty in Spain, in particular the effects on the equal enjoyment of their human right to the highest attainable standard of health. According to the information received, a combination of budgetary, legislative and administrative measures structurally modified the Spanish healthcare system, from a model based on the right to health recognized universally for all persons to a multi-layered model, which bases delivery on the economic and employment condition of the beneficiary. Specific groups have been particularly affected by this situation, including older persons, people living with chronic diseases such as HIV/AIDS, migrants, women (especially those disproportionately exposed to gender-based violence and victims of trafficking in persons) and youth/children.
Alleged victims: -
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24 Jan 2014
    15 Nov 2013
    Spain
    JAL
  • housing
  • poverty
  • foreign debt
Alleged concerns over the impact of the economic crisis and austerity measures, in particular on the right to adequate housing and the right to an adequate standard of living. According to the information received, a combination of legal reforms, budget enactments and policy interventions conducted between 2010 and 2013 aimed at reducing public expenditures by historic margins at the national, regional and municipal levels. One of the main effects of the Government’s austerity policies has been that the number of people at risk of poverty and exclusion has significantly increased by over two million since 2008. The absence of official data on the number of evictions affecting family homes and the absence of regulations to relocate the evicted families reportedly has made it difficult to assess the dimensions of this problem.
Alleged victims: -
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07 Feb 2014
03 Apr 2014
    01 Oct 2013
    Israel
    JAL
  • food
  • poverty
Alleged policies and practices of the State of Israel negatively impacting the enjoyment of several economic, social, civil and political rights of persons living in the Gaza strip. According to the information received, naval attacks within three nautical miles off the Gaza coast have allegedly resulted in the destruction of fishing boats, nets and other fishing equipment. The alleged restriction of movement of farmers in the “buffer zone” has reportedly resulted in property and crops destruction and damage. Reports further suggest that the limited access to export markets created significant challenges for businesses based in the Gaza strip with 95% of the 3,900 industrial establishments having closed or been forced to suspend their work. According to the reports received, four residents of the Gaza strip have been subjected to these policies and practices and have allegedly sustained important losses, which have plunged them and their families in conditions of extreme poverty, deprivation, inadequate standards of living and food insecurity. Reports further suggest that due to legal and procedural obstacles, the alleged victims are reportedly unable to seek remedy or accountability from Israel.
Alleged victims: 4
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    29 Aug 2013
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • business
Alleged negative impact on lowest incomes of rising water costs leading to water poverty. According to a report by the House of Commons Library, in England and Wales water bills might not be affordable for a large number of people. Nearly one-third of those on the lowest incomes already have to pay more than 3 per cent of their income for their water and sewerage bills. If people pay more than 3 per cent of their income for water and sewerage, Government regards them as being affected by ‘water poverty’. According to a survey, 23.6 per cent of households in England and Wales paid more than 3 per cent of their net income after housing cost on water and sewerage in 2009-2010. Nearly half of those paid more than 5 per cent of household disposable income. This is a sharp increase compared to 9 per cent of households who were affected by ‘water poverty’ in 2002-2003. National Debtline received a record 19,667 calls for help with water debts in 2012 (up from 12,225 in 2011). The figure represents an increase of 251% since 2007.
Alleged victims: -
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28 Oct 2013
    21 Jun 2013
    Portugal
    JAL
  • housing
  • poverty
  • foreign debt
  • water and sanitation
  • business
Alleged unaffordability of water and sanitation for vulnerable groups as a consequence of the privatization of water and sanitation services in Portugal. According to information received, as part of the austerity measures the privatization of water and sanitation services in Portugal continues. While the human rights to water and sanitation do not prescribe a particular form of service delivery, there are allegations that concerned populations have not participated in the decision-making process and that the privatization has made water and sanitation services unaffordable for some people. This trend has reportedly also had a negative impact on access and affordability of adequate housing, disproportionally affecting vulnerable sectors of the population.
Alleged victims: -
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26 Sep 2013
    11 Jun 2013
    India
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • housing
  • food
  • health
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • international order
  • business
Alleged forced eviction of residents living in Jagatsinghpur District, Odisha, and surrounding areas in India. According to the information received, the Government of India granted concessions to the multi-national steel corporation, Pohang Iron and Steel Corporation (POSC), based in the Republic of Korea, for the construction of an integrated steel plant and a captive port, which could force up to 20,000 people to leave their homes and land. Sources suggest that the construction of the steel plant would result in serious violations of human rights, including the right to adequate standard of living, food, adequate housing, water and sanitation, health and education.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    11 Jun 2013
    Other actors
    JAL
  • housing
  • food
  • health
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • business
Alleged forced eviction of residents living in Jagatsinghpur District, Odisha, and surrounding areas in India. According to the information received, the Government of India granted concessions to the multi-national steel corporation, Pohang Iron and Steel Corporation (POSC), based in the Republic of Korea, for the construction of an integrated steel plant and a captive port, which could force up to 20,000 people to leave their homes and land. Sources suggest that the construction of the steel plant would result in serious violations of human rights, including the right to adequate standard of living, food, adequate housing, water and sanitation, health and education.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 Jan 2014
    11 Jun 2013
    Republic of Korea
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • housing
  • food
  • health
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • business
Alleged forced eviction of residents living in Jagatsinghpur District, Odisha, and surrounding areas in India. According to the information received, the Government of India granted concessions to the multi-national steel corporation, Pohang Iron and Steel Corporation (POSC), based in the Republic of Korea, for the construction of an intergrated steel plant and a captive port, which could force up to 20,000 people to leave their homes and land. Sources suggest that the construction of the steel plant would result in serious violations of human rights, including the right to adequate standard of living, food, adequate housing, water and sanitation, health and education.
Alleged victims: -
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14 Aug 2013
    23 May 2013
    Colombia
    JAL
  • food
  • minority issues
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • African Descent
  • business
Alegaciones sobre los daños ocasionados por el vertimiento de sedimentos acumulados en la represa del Bajo Anchicayá a las minorías afrodescendientes que habitan en la zona. Según información recibida, dichos sedimentos provocaron la extinción de la fauna de la cuenca media y baja del río Anchicayá y también la contaminación del río, que era la única fuente de agua potable de dichas minorías, afectando de esta manera al acceso a una alimentación adecuada y al agua potable y energía eléctrica. Asimismo, se expresa preocupación por el hecho de que no existe una sentencia firme y definitiva después de más de diez años desde el vertimiento de los sedimentos. En este sentido, también se expresa preocupación por el presunto incumplimiento de las medidas impuestas a la Empresa de Energía del Pacífico (EPSA) por el Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible.
Alleged victims: -
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13 Sep 2013
30 Dec 2013
30 May 2014
    17 May 2013
    Ireland
    JAL
  • health
  • minority issues
  • poverty
Allegations concerning the persistently deteriorating health condition of Irish Travellers in Ireland. According to the information received Irish Travellers allegedly continue to experience systematic denial of the enjoyment of the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health in Ireland. Furthermore, it is alleged that austerity measures adopted by the Government would further impact negatively on the health condition of Irish Travellers.
Alleged victims: -
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30 Jul 2013
    28 Mar 2013
    Portugal
    JAL
  • housing
  • minority issues
  • poverty
Alleged forced evictions of 49 persons living in a situation of extreme poverty in Bairro de Santa Filomena, located in Amadora and the threat of eviction of additional families living in the same settlement. According to information received 7 families (27 people), including children and persons with disabilities, were forcibly evicted from the settlement of Bairro de Santa Filomena, Amadora, on 26 and 27 July 2012 and their homes subsequently demolished. Reportedly, on 19 November 2012, 22 additional residents, including elderly people and children, were evicted from the Bairro de Santa Filomena settlement. Most of the concerned people are migrants from Cape-Verde, Sao Tome e Principe, Guinea, Angola and Brazil. Reportedly, no notice was provided to the residents with regard to the eviction date and no alternative accommodation was offered to the affected families. According to information received, additional families living in the settlement remain under threat of eviction.
Alleged victims: -
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10 Jul 2013
    12 Mar 2013
    Hungary
    JUA
  • housing
  • poverty
Alleged potential detrimental impact on the realization of human rights of homeless persons by the recent adoption of article 8 of the Fourth Amendment to Hungary’s Fundamental Law. According to the information received, on 11 March the Hungarian Parliament adopted the Fourth Amendment to Hungary’s Fundamental Law. Reportedly, article 8(3) of the amendment states: “an Act of Parliament or local government decree may outlaw the use of certain public spaces for habitation in order to preserve the public order, public safety, public health and cultural values.” Concern has been raised that article 8(3) authorizes national and municipal legislation to criminalize sleeping in public spaces. Allegedly, such legislation will have a disproportionate impact on homeless persons and may impede their enjoyment of various human rights, including the right to an adequate standard of living, the right to adequate housing, freedom of movement and the right to liberty and security of person. Furthermore, this amendment contradicts a recent decision taken by the Hungarian Constitutional Court (decision II/1477/2012), which annulled previous legislation that criminalized habitual living in public spaces.
Alleged victims: -
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14 Mar 2013
19 Apr 2013
    27 Dec 2012
    United States of America
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • poverty
Alleged limitations on access to justice for migrant farmworkers in fourteen states of the U.S.A. According to information received, lack of legislation and implementation of existing legislation enables the detrimental nation-wide practice of denying or not allowing certain human rights defenders, in particular legal advocates and other community service providers, meaningful access to migrant farmworker in labor camps, including by allegedly harassing and threatening these human rights advocates.
Alleged victims: -
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02 May 2014
    20 Dec 2012
    India
    JAL
  • housing
  • poverty
Alleged impacts of the expansion of the East Parej Open Cast Coal Mine on the rights of approximately 228 families in the Jharkhand state. According to the information received, 228 families (1200 persons) were at risk of being evicted to give way to an expansion of East Parej Open Cast Coal Mine, operated by Central Coalfields Limited, India. On 26 October 2012, and at two other occasions, representatives of the mining company surveyed households in the villages of Agarva Tola, Dudmitya Tola and Fakodih, for the purpose of acquiring their homes to facilitate the expansion of the mine. Over 1,000 people from surrounding villages have already been displaced in previous years by activities associated with the East Parej Open Cast Coal Mine. The affected households belonged to marginalized communities, including scheduled tribes and Dalits. They were allegedly resettled in inadequate sites and have suffered impoverishment since displacement.
Alleged victims: -
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    12 Dec 2012
    Philippines
    AL
  • poverty
Alleged evictions and confiscation of property of more than 350 vendors from Rizal Park (commonly known as Luneta Park) in Manila. According to information received vendors have been selling food and refreshments for many years inside Luneta Park. Reportedly, a zero-vending policy was adopted of the National Parks Development Committee in 2010. Subsequently, on several occasions, during February, March, April and June 2012, dozens of vendors have been evicted from the Park and their merchandise confiscated.
Alleged victims: -
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    19 Oct 2012
    Australia
    JUA
  • poverty
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged threat to the enjoyment of human rights of over 100,000 single parents, some of the most marginalized and impoverished members of Australian society, by a number of provisions in the Social Security Legislation Amendment (Fair Incentives to Work) Act 2012, recently passed by the Australian parliament. According to information received, the new Act will move more than 100,000 single parents (over 90% of which are women), from receipt of the Parenting Payment to the Newstart Allowance. The Parenting Payment stands at 90% of the relative poverty line in Australia, while the Newstart Allowance is 77% of the official poverty line. It is alleged that the legislation will have significant and detrimental impacts on the human rights of over 100,000 Australians, many of whom are currently living in poverty, will provide an institutional obstacle to the full enjoyment of human rights for people living in extreme poverty and increase discrimination against sole parents.
Alleged victims: -
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    26 Jul 2012
    Peru
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • executions
  • poverty
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alegaciones de actos de violencia y ejecuciones extrajudiciales en el contexto de las protestas sociales contra proyectos de explotación minera llevadas a cabo en Cajamarca y en Espinar. Según la información recibida, el 3 de julio de 2012, se habría convocado un acto de protesta en Celendín contra el proyecto de explotación minera Conga, ejecutado por la empresa Yanacocha, cuyo principal inversor es Newmont Mining Corporation. Se informa que hubo serios enfrentamientos entre la policía y los manifestantes, en su mayoría campesinos, con al menos 31 personas heridas incluyendo a 4 policías, y 5 manifestantes fallecidos por impacto de bala. Asimismo, el 21 de mayo se habría declarado una huelga indefinida en Espinar como acto de protesta por los estragos causados por la explotación minera de la empresa Xstrata Tintaya. El 28 de mayo se habrían registrado serios enfrentamientos entre la policía y los manifestantes, resultando en al menos 40 heridos y 2 manifestantes fallecidos por impacto de bala.
Alleged victims: -
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    25 Jul 2012
    Nigeria
    JAL
  • housing
  • poverty
Alleged forced eviction of up to 20,000 residents of the Abonnema Wharf Community in Port Harcourt. According to the information received, from 27 June to 2 July 2012, an estimated 10,000 to 20,000 residents of the Abonnema Wharf Community in Port Harcourt, capital of Rivers State, were evicted and their homes destroyed. Allegedly the Rivers State authorities declared that the eviction was carried out in order to reduce criminal gang activity in the area. Reportedly, the demolitions were carried out in bad weather and thousands of people were left homeless as most residents were not offered any compensation or alternative housing. Allegedly, a negotiation process to offer compensation to landlords was far from being completed when the eviction took place and an interim injunction order issued on 11 November 2011 by the Rivers State High Court had called upon the Rivers State authorities not to carry out demolitions and evictions in Abonnema Wharf pending a full hearing of the case.
Alleged victims: -
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06 Aug 2012
12 Nov 2012
    23 Jul 2012
    Portugal
    JUA
  • housing
  • minority issues
  • poverty
According to information received, in the settlement of Bairro de Santa Filomena, located in Amadora, 85 families (280 individuals) were living under the threat of imminent eviction without having been provided with adequate alternative housing options. The inhabitants were notified of demolitions starting 17 July, and others were scheduled for 19 and 25 July. Furthermore inhabitants were notified by the Municipal Council that they must leave their homes before the end of the month with no indication of a specific date. Half the families have been living in the neighbourhood for over ten years and several families have been living in the settlement for two to three decades. Rehousing alternatives proposed by the Municipal Council –either alternative housing for a selected number of families or social security support for a short period to rent elsewhere - are allegedly inadequate and unacceptable to the inhabitants. Inhabitants were allegedly notified that the demolition would happen with or without their cooperation and with police intervention if necessary.
Alleged victims: -
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24 Jul 2012
11 Sep 2012
    06 Jul 2012
    Other actors
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • indigenous peoples
  • housing
  • food
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged negative impacts on human rights of affected communities of a proposed Bangladesh domestic policy permitting the construction of an open-pit coal mine in the township of Phulbari. Concerns transmitted to GCM Resources plc, which through its subsidiary Asia Energy Corporation (Bangladesh) Pty Ltd works under a contract with the Government of Bangladesh on the Phulbari Coal Mine project. According to information received, the open-pit coal mine in Phulbari, if constructed, would have a significant impact on food production and access by destroying approximately 12,000 acres of productive agricultural land, and on water access by lowering the water table 12 to 25 metres and potentially poisoning water sources. The proposed mine would allegedly displace up to 220,000 people over time, 50,000 of whom are indigenous peoples belonging to 23 different tribal groups. Current plans reportedly do not provide adequate compensation or resettlement, and have not included consultations with affected communities. Finally, allegations have been raised concerning continued efforts to stop human rights defenders from protesting the Phulbari coal mine and the resulting infringements on their rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly.
Alleged victims: -
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31 Jan 2013
    15 May 2012
    Nepal
    JUA
  • housing
  • poverty
Alleged forced eviction of 994 informal settlers on the ‘thapathali’ settlement on the Bagmati River bank in Kathmandu. According to the information received, 994 residents in the thapathali settlement, including 401 children, were forcibly evicted on 8 May, and 249 houses and a community school destroyed in the process. Allegedly, no prior notice was issued to families, and excessive force was used during the eviction. No alternative accommodation or housing has been provided. It is reported that families, with nowhere else to go, have been staying on bare land at the site, in dire conditions. The government has allegedly not taken any relocation measures although it previously announced it intended to secure land for relocation and would cover three-months rent for each family as a temporary measure. Potential evictions of the Bagmati river bank settlements were the subject of a previous communication (see A/HRC/20/30, case no NPL 1/2012).
Alleged victims: -
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    11 Apr 2012
    Brazil
    JAL
  • housing
  • health
  • poverty
Alleged human rights violations committed during a specific police operation in São Paulo. According to the information received, since 3 January 2012, security forces at the São Paulo state level, in partnership with local authorities, have carried out operations in a central neighbourhood in São Paulo, unofficially named ‘Cracolândia’, with the declared objective to combat drug trafficking. In spite of the declared aim, the vast majority of people displaced through these operations are allegedly not drug traffickers, but drug users and persons living in poverty.
Alleged victims: -
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    22 Mar 2012
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • housing
  • food
  • poverty
Alleged threats to the right to an adequate standard of living, the right to food and the right to housing posed by illegal sand extraction. According to the information received, around 12,000 villagers living on Mayadip Island on the Meghna River face increased risk of food insecurity and homelessness as a consequence of soil erosion caused by sand extraction carried out by two companies without government authorization. Reportedly a court order issued on 26 April 2011 requiring the cessation of the sand extraction from the riverbanks close to Mayadip Island is not being enforced in practice. It is alleged that unless the practice of extracting sand is stopped, erosion will have a lasting impact on livelihoods and food insecurity in the area and result in the mass displacement of the island’s residents.
Alleged victims: -
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29 Mar 2012
    09 Mar 2012
    Australia
    JAL
  • indigenous peoples
  • poverty
Alleged threat to the enjoyment of human rights by Australia’s indigenous communities, in particular the right to equality and non-discrimination, following the proposed adoption of the Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory Bill 2012. According to information received, the Bill (third reading) extends the uniform alcohol bans and alcohol management regimes within so-called “alcohol protected areas” within Northern Territory communities (Sections 27). The Social Security bill extends measures enabling compulsory income management of Centrelink recipients in certain circumstances (Schedule 1). The bill also extends the Government’s Improving School Enrolment and Attendance through Welfare Reform Measure (SEAM) initiative, which allows for the suspension or cancellation of certain categories of Centrelink payments for lack of compliance with a notice relating to the school enrolment or attendance. The Stronger Futures Bill introduces “special measures” to allow the Commonwealth to amend Northern Territory legislation regarding leasing in Aboriginal community living areas and town camps (Part 3). In addition, there have reportedly been insufficient consultations with affected indigenous communities throughout the process of drafting the Stronger Futures Bills.
Alleged victims: -
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07 May 2012
20 Jul 2012
    15 Feb 2012
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • food
  • poverty
Alleged denial of food assistance to vulnerable groups caused by corruption. According to the information received, 1000 Vulnerable Group Feeding cards were allocated under the Vulnerable Group Feeding programme to the Monohorpur Union of the Gaibandha district to be distributed to the poorest and most food insecure in the area. Reportedly, the families who have been provided the feeding cards repeatedly do not receive the food they are owed, and families who fit the criteria for the food assistance programme have reportedly not received feeding cards. Allegedly, corruption amongst local public servants and political activists is at the root of the program’s reported failures at reaching the families in need. There is reportedly no administrative or judicial review process allowing local communities to voice complaints or concerns about the program.
Alleged victims: -
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22 Feb 2012
    21 Dec 2011
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • indigenous peoples
  • housing
  • food
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged negative impacts on human rights of affected communities of proposed domestic policy permitting the construction of an open-pit coal mine in the township of Phulbari. According to the information received, the open-pit mine in Phulbari, if constructed, would have a significant impact on food production and access, by destroying close to 12,000 acres of productive agricultural land, and on water access by lowering the water table 12 to 25 meters and potentially poisoning water sources. The mine would allegedly lead to the displacement of up to 220,000 people over time, 50,000 of whom are indigenous people belonging to 23 different tribal groups. Current plans reportedly do not provide for adequate compensation or resettlement and have not included consultations with affected communities. Finally, allegations have been raised regarding continued efforts to stop human rights defenders from protesting the Phulbari coal mine.
Alleged victims: -
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22 Dec 2011
    21 Dec 2011
    Hungary
    JAL
  • housing
  • poverty
Alleged threat of mass criminalization, evictions and incarceration of homeless population in Hungary following the adoption of several amendments to national and municipal legislation. According to the information received, amendment to Act 1997/LXXVII on the transformation and protection of urban environment and to Act 1996 XXI on territorial development and settlement, adopted in October 2010, defines the various functions of public spaces and empowers municipalities to criminalize any use of public space which is not in accordance with these functions. Law Act CLIII (adopted on 14 November 2011, and entered into force on 1 December 2011), states (Article 146/A), that a person repeatedly violating municipality regulations regarding the use of public spaces for habitual living, or the storage of movable properties on public places for the purposes of habitual living, can be punished with imprisonment or up to 150,000 Hungarian forints fine. Based on these amendments, during October 2011, Budapest police allegedly evicted homeless persons from 13 underpasses in the inner city and demolished dozens of homeless self-made shelters in various parts of the city. Allegedly, the evicted persons were not provided with alternative shelter options and some of the evicted persons were subject to short term arrest.
Alleged victims: -
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21 Feb 2012