Communication report and search
OHCHR.org

127 communications found
Date, Country,
Type and
ref. no. of
communication
Mandates Summary Replies
received
    17 Aug 2021
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary detention, threats and intimidation against human rights defenders, journalists and trade union leaders Mr. Sudesh Nandimal Silva, Mr. Senaka Perera, Mr. Tharindu Jayawardhana and Mr. Joseph Stalin.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
14 Oct 2021
    05 Aug 2021
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • executions
Information received concerning the recently announced plan to introduce what amounts to a mechanism for impunity regarding the serious human rights violations committed during the Troubles in Northern Ireland.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
11 Oct 2021
    07 Jul 2021
    Canada
    JAL
  • indigenous peoples
  • racism
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the delay in elaborating a plan of action to implement the recommendations formulated in the 2019 Final Report of the National Inquiry on Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls and in addressing the systemic causes of violence against indigenous women and girls, as well as Two-Spirit, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex and asexual (2SLGBTQQIA) people in Canada.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Oct 2021
    02 Jul 2021
    Kenya
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • health
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • racism
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged lack of effective remedies for the Kipsigis and Talai indigenous peoples who were subjected to human rights violations during the pre-colonial and colonial period in Kenya, associated primarily with the expropriation of land on Kericho County.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    07 Jun 2021
    El Salvador
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Información recibida en relación con la decisión de la Sala de lo Penal de la Corte Suprema de Justicia en su sentencia casacional del 8 de septiembre de 2020, de dictar la prescripción de la acción penal contra los supuestos autores intelectuales de la llamada “Masacre de los Jesuitas”.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
16 Jul 2021
16 Jul 2021
    31 May 2021
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • housing
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • racism
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged lack of effective remedies for the Kipsigis and Talai peoples which were subjected to human rights violations during the pre-colonial and colonial period in Kenya, associated primarily with the expropriation of land on Kericho County.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
30 Jul 2021
    31 May 2021
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received regarding the decision of the official Organization of the Behesht Zahra to not allow members of the Baha’i faith to bury their dead in new gravesites at Golestan Javid cemetery in Tehran.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Jul 2021
    16 Apr 2021
    Mexico
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • migrants
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con la falta sistemática de investigaciones efectivas y de cooperación transregional entre los países centroamericanos y México para atender los numerosos casos de desapariciones de migrantes, incluidas las desapariciones forzadas, informar a sus familiares, preservar los datos forenses, repatriar los restos humanos y proporcionar una reparación adecuada a las víctimas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    16 Apr 2021
    Honduras
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • migrants
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con la falta sistemática de investigaciones efectivas y de cooperación transregional entre los países centroamericanos y México para atender los numerosos casos de desapariciones de migrantes, incluidas las desapariciones forzadas, informar a sus familiares, preservar los datos forenses, repatriar los restos humanos y proporcionar una reparación adecuada a las víctimas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    16 Apr 2021
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • migrants
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con la falta sistemática de investigaciones efectivas y de cooperación transregional entre los países centroamericanos y México para atender los numerosos casos de desapariciones de migrantes, incluidas las desapariciones forzadas, informar a sus familiares, preservar los datos forenses, repatriar los restos humanos y proporcionar una reparación adecuada a las víctimas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
17 Jun 2021
    16 Apr 2021
    El Salvador
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • migrants
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con la falta sistemática de investigaciones efectivas y de cooperación transregional entre los países centroamericanos y México para atender los numerosos casos de desapariciones de migrantes, incluidas las desapariciones forzadas, informar a sus familiares, preservar los datos forenses, repatriar los restos humanos y proporcionar una reparación adecuada a las víctimas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
08 Jul 2021
    07 Apr 2021
    Holy See
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disability
  • sale of children
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant les nombreuses allégations dans le monde d’abus et violences sexuels commis par des membres de l’Église catholique contre des enfants et les mesures adoptées par l’Église catholique pour protéger les auteurs présumés d’abus, dissimuler les crimes, entraver la responsabilisation des agresseurs présumés, et éluder les réparations dues aux victimes.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    30 Mar 2021
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • racism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the failure to comply with the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice of 25 February 2019, in which it was declared that the United Kingdom must bring an end to its administration of the Chagos Islands in order to lawfully complete the process of its decolonization, and unwillingness to recognize and reconcile with the history of the UK Government’s forcible eviction of Chagossians.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
28 May 2021
    12 Mar 2021
    Colombia
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
Información recibida en relación con las intervenciones realizadas en el cementerio alterno de El Copey, ubicado en el departamento del Cesar, y la falta de protección de los restos de las víctimas de desapariciones forzadas y ejecuciones extrajudiciales allí enterradas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
11 May 2021
21 Jun 2021
    08 Feb 2021
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant l'absence de progrès substantiels du processus de justice transitionnelle décrit dans les lois organiques n°2013-53 et n° 2014-17, en particulier dans les domaines des réparations et de la redevabilité; ainsi qu'en ce qui concerne les tentatives d'invalidation du travail de l’Instance Vérité et Dignité et de son héritage, en soutien à la recherche de la vérité et de la justice pour les violations passées des droits de l'Homme commises en Tunisie. Les informations reçues concernant les projets de loi présentés au Parlement, et d'autres en cours d'élaboration, qui pourraient avoir des répercussions négatives sur les Chambres pénales spécialisées et la redevabilité pour les violations flagrantes des droits de l'Homme, la corruption financière et la mauvaise utilisation des fonds publics sont également portées à votre attention.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
08 Apr 2021
16 Jun 2021
    26 Jan 2021
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • human rights defenders
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information concerning the prosecution and imprisonment of Yuri Alexeevich Dmitriev, a historian and civil rights activist, that suggests the charges against him have been fabricated and are without grounds.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Mar 2021
24 Mar 2021
    24 Dec 2020
    Peru
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • cultural rights
  • disappearances
Información recibida en relación con los daños ocasionados al memorial “El Ojo que Llora.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
22 Apr 2021
    10 Dec 2020
    Sri Lanka
    JOL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the adverse impact of the 20th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka on the independence of the judiciary and the separation of powers
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Dec 2020
12 Dec 2020
    11 Nov 2020
    Peru
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida sobre la independización del terreno, destinado a la construcción del Santuario de la Memoria La Hoyada, a favor del Ministerio de Transportes y Comunicaciones (MTC) para la ampliación del Aeropuerto “Coronel FAP Alfredo Mendevil Duarte.”
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    09 Nov 2020
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the alleged regression in the transitional justice measures that Sri Lanka had adopted, or committed to implement, to address the serious human rights violations committed during the 25-year conflict, as well as the obstacles imposed on memorialization efforts led by victim’s groups and the intimidation of victims and civil society
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    06 Nov 2020
    Syrian Arab Republic
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • internally displaced persons
  • torture
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the absence in the political process between the Syrian government and the Syrian opposition, of negotiations regarding the design and implementation of transitional justice measures to address the gross violations of international human rights law and serious violations of international humanitarian law committed against civilians since March 2011, as well as the absence of meaningful victim participation in the process.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    06 Nov 2020
    President of the Syrian National Coalition
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • internally displaced persons
  • torture
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the absence in the political process between the Syrian government and the Syrian opposition, of negotiations regarding the design and implementation of transitional justice measures to address the gross violations of international human rights law and serious violations of international humanitarian law committed against civilians since March 2011, as well as the absence of meaningful victim participation in the process, including women and internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
05 Jan 2021
05 Jan 2021
05 Jan 2021
    19 Oct 2020
    El Salvador
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación al supuesto acoso judicial contra el Sr. Othon Sigfrido Reyes Morales, miembro fundador del partido de oposición “Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional” (FMLN), y su familia. Estos procesos judiciales no tendrían algún sustento legal y tendrían el objetivo de desprestigiar a líderes de partidos políticos de la oposición.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
22 Jan 2021
22 Jan 2021
22 Jan 2021
22 Jan 2021
22 Jan 2021
27 Jan 2021
    06 Oct 2020
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • cultural rights
  • disappearances
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning alleged police harassment and excessive use of force against demonstrators during a peaceful assembly for the International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances held on 30 August 2020, in the districts of Jaffna and Batticaloa.
Alleged victims: 8
More details...
    25 Sep 2020
    Colombia
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • torture
Información recibida en relación con el contexto de menoscabo y cuestionamiento de los mecanismos del Sistema Integral de Verdad, Justicia, Reparación y No Repetición, en particular sobre la Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz (JEP) y la Comisión para el Esclarecimiento de la Verdad, la Convivencia y la No Repetición (CEV), y de críticas y ataques a la reputación de los integrantes de ambas instituciones en virtud de sus actividades previas relacionadas con su labor en defensa de los derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    23 Sep 2020
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    JAL
  • executions
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación a presuntas vulneraciones y afectaciones a los derechos a la vida, integridad y libertad y seguridad personal durante el desarrollo de las protestas y otras situaciones de tensión, derivadas con posterioridad a las elecciones generales del 20 de octubre de 2019 en Bolivia.
Alleged victims: 906
More details...
26 Nov 2020
18 May 2021
18 May 2021
18 May 2021
18 May 2021
18 May 2021
18 May 2021
18 May 2021
18 May 2021
18 May 2021
18 May 2021
18 May 2021
    11 Sep 2020
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • housing
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the situation faced by the victims of the political repression of the Soviet era in respect of access to adequate housing and their right to a prompt and effective remedy.
Alleged victims: 1500
More details...
07 Oct 2020
09 Nov 2020
    03 Sep 2020
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning allegations of the continued refusal to disclose the circumstances of death and remains of thousands of political dissidents who were forcibly disappeared and then allegedly extrajudicial executed between July and early September in 1988 in 32 cities, and the authorities’ refusal to provide families with accurate and complete death certificates.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
    08 Jul 2020
    Senegal
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • executions
  • health
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant la libération temporaire, pour des raisons liées à la COVID-19, de l'ancien président du Tchad, Hissène Habré, de la prison sénégalaise où il purge actuellement une peine de prison à vie.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
04 Sep 2020
    01 Jul 2020
    India
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the sudden closure of the Jammu and Kashmir State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) in October 2019 which has currently left the people of the region with limited legal recourse to seek justice for potential human rights violations committed against them including enforced disappearances, extrajudicial killings, torture and sexual violence and created uncertainty as to how pending cases will be treated.
Alleged victims: 639
More details...
    29 Jun 2020
    Brazil
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • cultural rights
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged renewed public remarks made by President Jair Bolsonaro and members of his Government denying the existence of a military dictatorship in Brazil between 1964 and 1985, positively assessing the events occurred during this period, and trivializing the violations committed, as well as concerning the alleged interference with the work of existing transitional justice mechanisms.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
26 Aug 2020
    25 Jun 2020
    Sudan
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • executions
  • health
  • Sudan
  • torture
Information received concerning the request for release of the former president of Sudan, Omar Al-Bashir, due to a reported outbreak of COVID-19 in the facilities where he is currently detained.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    23 Jun 2020
    United States of America
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • toxics and human rights
  • human rights defenders
  • international order
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • unilateral coercive measures
Information received concerning the implementation of policies and initiatives aimed at influencing the independence of the International Criminal Court (ICC)
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jun 2020
    Colombia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • executions
  • human rights defenders
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con presuntas actividades de empleo irregular de capacidades de inteligencia militar relativas a la vigilancia y elaboración de perfiles – con base en la recolección de información pública y privada – de periodistas, defensoras y defensores de derechos humanos, incluyendo a líderes sociales y abogados de derechos humanos, magistrados, sindicalistas, personas vinculadas a los acuerdos de paz, y dirigentes políticos, entre otros, que habrían sido desarrolladas por miembros de las unidades de inteligencia de las fuerzas militares en Colombia.
Alleged victims: 57
More details...
05 Aug 2020
    11 Jun 2020
    Mauritania
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • African Descent
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant l'absence de recours effectifs pour les victimes de violations des droits de l'homme pendant la période dite du "Passif humanitaire" en Mauritanie et le projet de loi sur la justice transitionnelle présenté à l'Assemblée nationale à ce sujet.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Sep 2020
    04 Jun 2020
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the role of Keenie Meenie Services Ltd. as well as UK nationals employed and/or contracted by the company, in violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law that were allegedly committed during the armed conflict in Sri Lanka between 1984 and 1988, as well as the related lack of accountability and remedies for victims.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
02 Aug 2020
    04 Jun 2020
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the role of Keenie Meenie Services Ltd. as well as UK nationals employed and/or contracted by the company, in violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law that were allegedly committed during the armed conflict in Sri Lanka between 1984 and 1988, as well as the related lack of accountability and remedies for victims.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    04 Jun 2020
    Saladin Security Limited
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the role of Keenie Meenie Services Ltd. as well as UK nationals employed and/or contracted by the company, in violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law that were allegedly committed during the armed conflict in Sri Lanka between 1984 and 1988, as well as the related lack of accountability and remedies for victims.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
02 Aug 2020
02 Aug 2020
02 Aug 2020
06 Sep 2020
    11 May 2020
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • human rights defenders
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Concerns about policies with regards to addressing enforced disappearances in the country and recent statements from the Government on this issue.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 May 2020
    Iraq
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the cases of 432 army cadets missing from Tikrit since 12 June 2014.
Alleged victims: 432
More details...
14 Oct 2020
    30 Apr 2020
    Chile
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • health
  • torture
Información recibida en relación con la reactivación del proyecto de ley que regula la sustitución de penas privativas de libertad por razones humanitarias, más conocido como “Ley Humanitaria” (Boletín 12.345-073).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Apr 2020
    Mr. Antonio Guterres
    JAL
  • poverty
  • African Descent
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • housing
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • racism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • water and sanitation
Information received regarding the continued denial of effective remedies to the victims of the 2010 cholera outbreak in Haiti.
Alleged victims: 829000
More details...
26 Jun 2020
    28 Apr 2020
    Haiti
    JAL
  • poverty
  • African Descent
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • housing
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • racism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • water and sanitation
Informations reçues concernant le fait que les victimes de l'épidémie de choléra de 2010 en Haïti continuent de se voir refuser des recours efficaces.
Alleged victims: 829000
More details...
    16 Mar 2020
    Nepal
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the reported lack of effective consultation with victims concerning the amendment of the Act on the Commission on Investigation of Disappeared Persons, Truth and Reconciliation 2071 (2014).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Jun 2020
    17 Feb 2020
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged imposition of the statute of limitations –known as zastara- to wartime victims seeking reparations through the judicial system, as well as the imposition of court fees to victims whose claims have been barred due to the imposition of the aforementioned statute.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    27 Nov 2019
    Mexico
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con la falta de avances significativos en la implementación de la resolución emitida por la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos el 23 de noviembre de 2009, en el caso “Radilla Pacheco vs. Estados Unidos Mexicanos”.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
12 Feb 2020
    12 Sep 2019
    OCDE
    JAL
  • foreign debt
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informations reçues selon lesquelles deux banques, nommément KBL European Private Bankers et le Groupe KBC, auraient manqué de se conformer aux Principes directeurs de l'Organisation de coopération et développement économiques (OCDE) à l'intention des entreprises multinationales en violation de l’embargo décrété par le Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies sur les armes contre le régime d’apartheid de l’Afrique du Sud.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Oct 2019
    12 Sep 2019
    Luxembourg
    JAL
  • foreign debt
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informations reçues selon lesquelles deux banques, nommément KBL European Private Bankers et le Groupe KBC, auraient manqué de se conformer aux Principes directeurs de l'Organisation de coopération et développement économiques (OCDE) à l'intention des entreprises multinationales en violation de l’embargo décrété par le Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies sur les armes contre le régime d’apartheid de l’Afrique du Sud.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    12 Sep 2019
    Belgium
    JAL
  • foreign debt
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informations reçues selon lesquelles deux banques, nommément KBL European Private Bankers et le Groupe KBC, auraient manqué de se conformer aux Principes directeurs de l'Organisation de coopération et développement économiques (OCDE) à l'intention des entreprises multinationales en violation de l’embargo décrété par le Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies sur les armes contre le régime d’apartheid de l’Afrique du Sud.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Nov 2019
07 Nov 2019
    13 Aug 2019
    Brazil
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the remarks made by President Bolsonaro about the enforced disappearance of Mr. Fernando Augusto de Santa Cruz Oliveira.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    07 Aug 2019
    Paraguay
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación a la sentencia de la Cámara de Apelaciones de Paraguay de 22 de mayo del 2019. Dicha sentencia extingue la causa penal contra los procesados Camilo Almada Morel y Eusebio Torres Romero, por delitos relacionados con detención arbitraria, ejecución arbitraria y tortura, ocurridos entre abril de 1976 y mayo de 1979, y dispone su sobreseimiento definitivo. Dicha sentencia daría lugar a la impunidad de crímenes de lesa humanidad y sería contraria a la imprescriptibilidad de dichos crímenes.
Alleged victims: -
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14 Aug 2020
    02 Aug 2019
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informations reçues concernant une proposition de loi visant à démanteler les chambres criminelles spécialisées en Tunisie et à les remplacer par une institution qui impliquerait une impunité systémique pour les violations flagrantes des droits de l'homme commises en Tunisie entre 1955 et 2013, annulant ainsi les progrès essentiels que le pays a fait sur la voie de l'État de droit.
Alleged victims: -
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    18 Jul 2019
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
En este contexto, quisiéramos señalar a la atención urgente del Gobierno de Su Excelencia la información que hemos recibido en relación a los actos de intimidación, ataques y represalias en contra del Juez Pablo Xitumul de Paz, Presidente del Tribunal de Primera Instancia Penal de Mayor Riesgo Grupo “C”, así como en contra de la Jueza de Primera Instancia Penal Erika Lorena Aifán Dávila, con competencia en casos de Mayor Riesgo, Grupo “D”. Estos actos podrían estar relacionados a sus posiciones independientes en su función jurisdiccional en casos de alto impacto. Asimismo, quisiéramos manifestar nuestra preocupación sobre la falta de garantías que aseguren una actuación independiente tanto a nivel individual para las juezas y los jueces, como institucional. Dicha fragilidad crea barreras para el acceso a la justicia, verdad y reparación, en particular en los casos de justicia de transición, lo que puede significar un grave retroceso en la lucha contra la impunidad.
Alleged victims: 2
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25 Sep 2019
    30 May 2019
    Guatemala
    JOL
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación a la posible falta de renovación del Convenio Interinstitucional 24-2009 entre el Ministerio de Gobernación y el Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes sobre el Archivo Histórico de la Policía Nacional (AHPN), lo cual podría conllevar un eventual traslado del mismo y la pérdida o destrucción de documentos, así como su desmantelamiento.
Alleged victims: -
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28 Jun 2019
    16 May 2019
    Colombia
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con el asesinato del excombatiente Dimar Torres Arévalo en proceso de reincorporación en el marco de la implementación del Acuerdo Final para la Terminación del Conflicto y la construcción de una Paz Estable y Duradera. La información proporcionada se enmarca en el día 22 de abril de 2019.
Alleged victims: 1
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12 Jul 2019
    16 Apr 2019
    Argentina
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con los proyectos a realizar en la guarnición militar de Campo de Mayo -donde se localizaron numerosos centros clandestinos de detención durante la dictadura-, que podrían poner en riesgo los derechos de las víctimas de crímenes de lesa humanidad, en particular el derecho a conocer la verdad sobre las circunstancias de las desaparición forzada, la evolución y los resultados de la investigación, y el paradero de la persona desaparecida y/o fallecida, y a obtener garantías de no repetición de las violaciones sufridas tales como la preservación de los sitios de memoria histórica.
Alleged victims: -
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14 Jun 2019
14 Jun 2019
14 Jun 2019
14 Jun 2019
14 Jun 2019
    12 Apr 2019
    Nepal
    JOL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the reported lack of impartiality, independence and transparency in the existing procedure for the appointment of the members of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and Commission on the Investigation of Enforced Disappearance (CIEDP), which may affect the selection of new commissioners in April 2019; the reported lack of progress in the work undertaken by both commissions; and the possible amendment of the Act on the Commission on Investigation of Disappeared Persons, Truth and Reconciliation 2071 (2014).
Alleged victims: -
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07 Jun 2019
    28 Mar 2019
    Brazil
    AL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning commemorations to be held to celebrate the 1964 military coup in Brazil.
Alleged victims: -
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03 Apr 2019
    25 Mar 2019
    Turkey
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received alleging violations and their consequences afterwards attributable to Turkey in relation to the tragic events that affected the Armenian minority from 1915 to 1923.
Alleged victims: 600000
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17 May 2019
17 May 2019
17 May 2019
    22 Feb 2019
    Colombia
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • human rights defenders
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación a amenazas de muerte y actos de intimidación cometidos en contra de la Sra. Alfamir Castillo Bermúdez, su abogado el Sr. German Romero Sánchez, y la Fundación Nydia Erika Bautista y sus integrantes, en relación con el juicio del general Mario Montoya Uribe.
Alleged victims: 7
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16 Apr 2019
    30 Aug 2018
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the United Kingdom’s alleged involvement in torture and extraordinary renditions in the context of the so-called “war on terror”, between 2001 and 2010.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
07 Nov 2018
    24 Aug 2018
    Egypt
    JOL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning a draft law approved by the House of Representatives of Egypt that would grant amnesties to a designated cadre of high-ranking military officers.
Alleged victims: -
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25 Oct 2018
    23 Aug 2018
    Uruguay
    JAL
  • disability
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con el acceso a reparaciones por parte de la Sra. Silvia Flores Mosquera en su condición de víctima y de viuda de víctima del terrorismo de Estado en Uruguay, y como ello afectaría la recepción de su pensión por discapacidad.
Alleged victims: -
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03 Dec 2018
    02 Aug 2018
    Sri Lanka
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • privacy
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning allegations of harassment of Ms. Sandya Ekneligoda in reprisal to her efforts to seeking the truth about the fate and whereabouts of her husband.
Alleged victims: 1
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    06 Jun 2018
    Nicaragua
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • education
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • older persons
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con alegaciones de uso excesivo de la fuerza por parte de cuerpos de seguridad del Estado, incluyendo policía anti-motines y grupos armados pro-gubernamentales (también llamados ‘turbas’, para-policías o paramilitares, ‘motorizados’) en contra de manifestantes en zonas urbanas y rurales, y de estudiantes (incluyendo adolescentes), la cual ha causado, desde su inicio el 18 de abril hasta el 3 de junio al menos 120 muertos, y aproximadamente 1200 personas heridas en varias ciudades del país.
Alleged victims: 1100
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    30 Apr 2018
    Tunisia
    OL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informations reçues relatives aux derniers évènements relatifs au processus de la justice transitionnelle, en particulière en ce qui concerne l’Instance Vérité et Dignité. Ces observations sont aussi présentées à la lumière des conclusions et recommandations formulées suite à la visite officielle du Rapporteur spécial dans le pays (A/HRC/24/42/Add.1).
Alleged victims: -
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29 Jun 2018
29 Jun 2018
    06 Apr 2018
    Guatemala
    JOL
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con la iniciativa de ley número 5377 que persigue reformar la Ley de Reconciliación Nacional, Decreto 145-96, la cual buscaría establecer una amnistía general y una extinción total de la responsabilidad penal de los responsables de delitos y graves violaciones a los derechos humanos cometidos durante el conflicto armado interno de Guatemala.
Alleged victims: -
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    22 Mar 2018
    India
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the temporary detention in a Police Station of Boniyar Police Station for an hour of Advocate Parvez Imorz, Patron of the Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons and President of Jammu Kashmir Colaition of Civil Society, as well as three other lawyers, Advocates Kartik Murukutla, Ghulam Nabi Khan and Qazi Irfan. and the verbal direction from Police preventing them from holding prayers and laying a tombstone on the grave of Mr. Atta Mohammed Khan in Bimyar Village of Chehal, in the Baramulla district of Kashmir.
Alleged victims: 4
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    13 Feb 2018
    Poland
    JOL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • racism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
In this connection, we would like to bring to your Excellency’s Government’s attention information we have received concerning the recent passage of law that penalizes certain statements about Poland’s role in the Holocaust.
Alleged victims: -
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18 Apr 2018
    01 Feb 2018
    Colombia
    JUA
  • business
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con alegaciones de amenazas de muerte y agresiones por parte de grupos paramilitares contra el Sr. Germán Graciano Posso, integrante de la Comunidad de Paz de San José del Apartadó, que presuntamente se relacionarían con su labor como defensor de derechos humanos y con su participación en el Foro de Naciones Unidas sobre Empresas y Derechos Humanos de Naciones Unidas de 2017, pudiendo constituir represalias bajo las resoluciones 12/2, 22/6 y 24/24 del Consejo de Derechos Humanos.
Alleged victims: 1
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    11 Dec 2017
    Mexico
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • privacy
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación al proceso legislativo en curso para la eventual aprobación de una “Ley de Seguridad Interior”, dirigida, entre otras cuestiones, a regular la participación de las Fuerzas Armadas en tareas de seguridad. La ley fue adoptada por la Cámara de Diputados el 30 de noviembre y ha sido remitida al Senado para su debate y adopción.
Alleged victims: -
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13 Dec 2017
07 Mar 2018
    08 Dec 2017
    Peru
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida sobre la posible adopción de un indulto presidencial en favor del expresidente Alberto Fujimori, quien fuera sentenciado en 2009 a 25 años de prisión por serias violaciones a los derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: -
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13 Dec 2017
    06 Dec 2017
    Philippines
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning allegations of human rights violations resulting from the continued refusal of the Republic of the Philippines to espouse claims against the Government of Japan for crimes of sexual violence suffered by thousands of women and girls at the hands of Japanese military forces during the Second World War.
Alleged victims: -
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03 Apr 2018
    19 Oct 2017
    Colombia
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informacion recibia en relación con el deterioro de la situación de los defensores y defensoras de derechos humanos en Colombia y el incremento de ataques, intimidaciones y asesinatos en su contra durante 2017, afectando particularmente a defensores que son líderes sociales, campesinos y personas defensoras que han apoyado el proceso de paz.
Alleged victims: 4
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    13 Oct 2017
    Peru
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida sobre el proceso de acusación constitucional iniciado contra el Sr. Manuel Miranda Canales, Presidente del Tribunal Constitucional, la Sra. Marianella Ledesma Narváez, Vicepresidenta del Tribunal Constitucional, y los Sres. Carlos Ramos Núñez y Eloy Espinosa-Saldaña Barrera, magistrados de ese mismo Tribunal, por haber emitido una auto corrigiendo un error afectando su sentencia STC N° 01969-2011-HC/TC de 2013 relativa al caso conocido como El Frontón.
Alleged victims: 7
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    02 Aug 2017
    Chad
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • violence against women
Informations reçues concernant les mesures de réparation ordonnées par la Cour d'appel de N'Djamena pour les violations des droits humains commises sous le régime répressif de l’Etat tchadien entre 1982 et 1990, ainsi que les peines de travaux forcés, dictées par la Cour.
Alleged victims: 7000
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    27 Jul 2017
    Nepal
    JOL
  • disappearances
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • violence against women
Information received concerning the Nepal Act on the Commission on Investigation of Disappeared Persons, Truth and Reconciliation 2071, adopted on 25 April 2014 (henceforth “TRC Act”); the lack of significant progress in the work of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and Commission on the Investigation of Enforced Disappearance (CIEDP); and the need to enhance participation and to better guarantee the protection of victims and witnesses.
Alleged victims: 3
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31 Jul 2017
    12 Jul 2017
    Guatemala
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Información recibida en relación al veredicto de la Junta de Honor del Ejército de Guatemala, en el que recomendó la cancelación de despachos militares y la baja del Ejército del Coronel de Infantería Edgar Rolando Rubio Castañeda, tras la publicación del libro “Desde el Cuartel; Otra Visión de Guatemala”. Asimismo, quisiéramos referirnos a las alegaciones de intimidaciones y amenazas contra el Coronel Rubio Castañeda y su familia en relación con esta publicación.
Alleged victims: 1
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    15 Jun 2017
    Argentina
    JOL
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con la decisión de la Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación Argentina (CSJN) relativa a la aplicación de la ley 24.390 (llamada ley 2x1) en casos de crímenes de lesa humanidad y la adopción de la ley 27.362, que establece que disposiciones de la ley 24.390 no son aplicable en casos de delitos de lesa humanidad, genocidio o crímenes de guerra.
Alleged victims: -
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11 Aug 2017
11 Aug 2017
11 Aug 2017
11 Aug 2017
11 Aug 2017
    14 Jun 2017
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • executions
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information received regarding the threats of additional prison terms and relocation to remote detention of Ms. Maryam Akbari Monfared, imprisoned since December 2009, allegedly to keep her from writing open letters about the fate and whereabouts of several thousand political prisoners extrajudicially executed in the summer of 1988. In addition, information has been received about the desecration of mass grave sites in Ahvaz and Mashhad that contains the remains of at least 184 people and 170 people, respectively, who were extra-judicially executed during the summer of 1988.
Alleged victims: 1
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11 Aug 2017
11 Sep 2017
    26 May 2017
    Sri Lanka
    JUA
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the systematic and ongoing harassment and intimidation of Father Elil Rajendram, a Tamil Jesuit Priest and human rights defender, by Sri Lanka’s law enforcement authorities in connection with his involvement organising a peaceful memorialization project for victims of Sri Lanka’s armed conflict. Moreover, we are concerned about his possible imminent arrest, in view of the fact that he has been requested to hand over a list of the names of those carved on the stones in the memorial.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    08 May 2017
    Uruguay
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • disappearances
Información recibida en relación con las amenazas de muerte contra los señores Pablo Chargoñia y Louis Joinet, así como otras once personas involucradas en la promoción de los derechos humanos y la lucha contra la impunidad en Uruguay.
Alleged victims: 15
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27 Jun 2017
03 Jul 2017
    08 May 2017
    France
    JUA
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informations reçues concernant des menaces de mort fait par un groupe prétendument composé d'anciens officiers de l'armée uruguayenne à l’encontre de M. Louis Joinet, magistrat à la retraite et défenseur des droits de l’homme renommé, qui seraient directement liées à diverses initiatives qu’il a prises en sa qualité de défenseur des droits de l’homme.
Alleged victims: 14
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15 May 2017
    05 May 2017
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informations et des allégations très inquiétantes reçues concernant des graves atteintes aux droits de l’homme, y compris contre des enfants, attribuées à des militaires des Forces armées de la République démocratique du Congo (FARDC) et d’autres acteurs étatiques, ainsi qu’à des membres de milices de Kamuina Nsapu.
Alleged victims: 143
More details...
    27 Apr 2017
    Nigeria
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
In this connection, we would like to bring to the attention of your Government information we have received concerning the White Paper on the report of the Judicial Commission of Inquiry into the clashes between the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN) and the Nigerian Army (NA) in Zaria, Kaduna State, between Saturday 12 and Monday 14 December 2015, issued on 5 December 2016 (hereafter “The White Paper”), and in particular some findings and recommendations by the Commission.
Alleged victims: 2
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    08 Mar 2017
    Colombia
    JOL
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con el actual debate legislativo referente a la creación de la Unidad para la Búsqueda de Personas dadas por Desaparecidas en el contexto y en razón del conflicto armado, contemplada dentro del Sistema Integral de Verdad, Justicia, Reparación y No Repetición, del proceso de paz en Colombia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    02 Dec 2016
    Sri Lanka
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the “Policy and Legal Framework of the proposed Counter Terrorism Act of Sri Lanka”, insofar as its compatibility with international norms and standards on human rights, particularly as set forth in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, is concerned.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
05 Dec 2016
    03 Aug 2016
    Sri Lanka
    JOL
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Observations from Special Procedures on the ratification of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (25 March 2016), the Prevention of Terrorism Act No 48 of L979 (PTA), and the bill providing for the establishment of the Office on Missing Persons (OMP).
Alleged victims: -
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04 Aug 2016
    01 Jul 2016
    Tunisia
    OL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Inquiétudes et difficultés concernant l’adéquation des dispositions du « Projet de loi organique relative aux procédures spéciales concernant la réconciliation dans les domaines économique et financier » avec les obligations internationales de la Tunisie en matière de droits de l’homme, notamment avec les conclusions et recommandations formulées suite à la visite officielle du Rapporteur special dans le pays.
Alleged victims: -
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27 Sep 2016
    18 Mar 2016
    Burundi
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allégations de violations du droit à la vie et des droits à la liberté d’expression et d’association. Selon les informations reçues, suite à la visite de la Mission d’Experts indépendants des Nations Unies sur le Burundi (UNIIB) dans le pays (1-9 mars 2016), réalisée dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre de la résolution S-24/1 du Conseil des droits de l’homme des Nations Unies, plusieurs défenseurs des droits de l’homme ayant collaboré avec les experts auraient fui le pays en raison de menaces qu’ils auraient reçues de la part des services de renseignements burundais. De graves préoccupations sont exprimées quant aux allégations d’intimidation et de représailles contre des défenseurs des droits de l’homme qui ont rencontré les experts et les risques pour leur sécurité, ainsi que celle de leurs proches.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 Mar 2016
    Republic of Korea
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Non-compliance with international human rights law and standards of an agreement made between the Governments of Japan and the Republic of Korea on 28 December 2015. According to the information received, on 28 December 2015, the Foreign Ministers of Japan and the Republic of Korea met and agreed on the issue of “comfort women”, an expression commonly used in reference to women and girls who were subjected to sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese Army in occupied territories prior and during World War II. Serious concern is expressed at this agreement in light of both States’ international obligations and women victims’ human rights, including the right to truth, justice and reparation. Further serious concern is expressed at the distress in which this agreement has left the surviving women victims by considering this agreement as a “final and irreversible” solution of the issue. A letter with similar content was addressed to the Government of Japan, see above, case no. JPN 1/2016.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Jun 2016
03 Apr 2017
    10 Mar 2016
    Japan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alleged non-compliance with international human rights law and standards of an agreement made between the Governments of Japan and the Republic of Korea on 28 December 2015. According to the information received, on 28 December 2015, the Foreign Ministers of Japan and the Republic of Korea met and agreed on the issue of “comfort women”, an expression commonly used in reference to women and girls who were subjected to sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese Army in occupied territories prior and during World War II. Serious concern is expressed at this agreement in light of both States’ international obligations and women victims’ human rights, including the right to truth, justice and reparation. Further serious concern is expressed at the distress in which this agreement has left the surviving women victims by considering this agreement as a “final and irreversible” solution of the issue. A letter with similar content was addressed to the Government of the Republic of Korea, see below, case no. KOR 2/2016.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
27 Dec 2016
    26 Feb 2016
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Comunicación relativa al desarrollo de tres procesos judiciales sobre violaciones manifiestas de las normas internacionales de derechos humanos y violaciones graves del derecho internacional humanitario, ocurridas durante el período del conflicto armado interno en Guatemala. Según las informaciones recibidas, procedimientos judiciales habrían iniciado en tres causas conocidas por los nombres de CREOMPAZ; Molina Theissen; y Sepur Zarco. Dieciocho militares en situación de retiro habrían sido objeto de órdenes de captura y habrían sido acusados de varios delitos incluyendo delitos de lesa humanidad, masacres, desaparición forzada, incluso en el caso de un niño, Marco Antonio Molina Theissen, así como la esclavitud sexual y laboral de mujeres q’eqchíes que vivían en la comunidad de Sepur Zarco, donde estaba ubicada una base militar durante la época del conflicto armado interno. En el contexto de estos procesos judiciales, se reportan un creciente número de mensajes y actos intimidatorios, incluyendo de grupos ligados a los militares acusados, que buscarían desacreditar y presionar a las víctimas y a quienes les apoyan en este proceso. Esta comunicación se refiere a comunicaciones anteriores enviadas el 22 de diciembre de 2014, ver A/HRC/29/50, caso no. GTM 8/2014; 18 de agosto de 2014, ver A/HRC/28/85, caso no. GTM 5/2014; el 2 de mayo 2014, ver A/HRC/27/72, caso no. GTM 4/2014; el 30 de octubre 2013, ver A/HRC/25/74, caso no. GTM 9/2013; el 17 de mayo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso, no. GTM 5/2013; y el 15 de marzo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso no. GTM 2/2013.
Alleged victims: -
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06 Apr 2016
24 May 2016
    07 Dec 2015
    Burundi
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allégations de violations des droits à la liberté d’association et liberté d’opinion et expression de plusieurs associations ainsi que du directeur d’un journal indépendant au Burundi. Selon les informations reçues, les comptes bancaires de dix organisations non-gouvernementales auraient été gelés et une ordonnance ministérielle aurait ordonné la suspension de leurs activités. Un ordre d’extradition aurait été formulé contre M. Antoine Kaburahe en lien avec ses activités légitimes en tant que journaliste. Des préoccupations sont exprimées quant au fait que ces mesures cherchent à restreindre les activités légitimes des organisations de la société civile et des médias au Burundi. Des préoccupations sont exprimées quant au fait que ces atteintes au droit à la liberté d’association et au droit à la liberté d’opinion et d’expression auraient lieu dans un contexte de graves violations des droits de l’homme dont seraient responsables notamment les forces de sécurité burundaises, et pourraient faire partie d’une répression systématique de la société civile et des médias indépendants au Burundi. Cette situation pousserait un nombre croissant de défenseurs des droits de l’homme et de journalistes à fuir le pays.
Alleged victims: 1
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    23 Nov 2015
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allegations concerning the imminent execution of two individuals in Bangladesh following unfair trials. According to the information received, in 2013, Mr. Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid and Mr. Salauddin Quader Chowdhury were sentenced to death by the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh on charges of war crimes and genocide. Their trial and appeal processes reportedly failed to meet international standards on fair trial and due process. On 17 and 18 November 2015, the Appelate Division of the Supreme Court rejected the defendants’ review applications, which were effectively their last appeal. The defendants may be executed at any time. Mr. Chowdhury and Mr. Mujahid were the subject of two previous communications sent on 3 October 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. BGD 6/2012, and 16 November 2012, see A/HRC/22/67, case no. BGD 8/2012. Mr. Chowdhury was also the subject of one earlier communication sent on 21 February 2011, see A/HRC/18/51, case no. BGD 2/2011.
Alleged victims: 2
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    13 Nov 2015
    Burundi
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allégations de violations du droit à la vie et des libertés d’expression, de réunion et d’association pacifique ainsi que de cas de torture. Selon les informations reçues, le corps de M. Welli Nzitonda, aurait été retrouvé dans une maison du quartier de Mutakura où il avait été arrêté deux heures auparavant par la police. Ce fait s’ajoute à de nombreuses allégations d’exécutions arbitraires, détentions arbitraires, torture, de violations des libertés d’expression, de réunion pacifique et d’association, des restrictions à la liberté de circulation, ainsi que des allégations de discours d’incitation à la violence de la part de représentants de l’Etat.
Alleged victims: 1
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07 Jan 2016
29 Jan 2016
    15 Jul 2015
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allegations relative to judicial proceedings, with no access to appeal procedures, against a journalist and a group of 23 individuals for exercising their legitimate right to freedom of expression. According to the information received, on 2 December 2014, Mr. David Bergman, a journalist, was convicted and sentenced by the International Crimes Tribunal of Bangladesh under contempt of court charges for having published on his blog three articles challenging the ‘death figure’ of the 1971 Liberation War and expressing criticism of the Tribunal. Reportedly after 49 persons signed a letter expressing concern at his conviction, 23 of them were charged for contempt and, on 10 June 2015, one of the signatories, Mr. Zafrullah Chowdhury, was found guilty by the Tribunal. It is further reported that the law does not provide access to appeal in such cases. Following a petition with the High Court division of the Supreme Court, Mr. Chowdhury made an “Application for Complete Justice” at the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh, the hearing of which is due to take place on 26 July 2015.
Alleged victims: 2
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    03 Jun 2015
    United States of America
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • international order
Alleged arbitrary detention and torture of an Italian citizen of Moroccan origin in the context of the secret detention, rendition and torture programme operated by the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency after 11 September 2001. According to the information received, between March 2002 and April 2011, Mr. Abou Elkassim Britel was secretly detained in Pakistan and Morocco, with the alleged complicity of Italian authorities, as well as alleged involvement, in the form of logistical support to the rendition programme, of Portuguese authorities. During this period, Mr. Britel was subjected to torture and ill-treatment, without access, or with obstructions to access, to his family or lawyers, and was not presented before a court within a reasonable time. Mr. Britel was pardoned and released on 14 April 2011. To date, no investigation has reportedly been initiated into the alleged events and no reparation or adequate psychological and medical rehabilitation has been provided to him and/or his family members. Communications with the same contents are also being addressed to the Governments of Italy, Morocco, Pakistan and Portugal.
Alleged victims: 1
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03 Aug 2015
    03 Jun 2015
    Portugal
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • international order
Alleged arbitrary detention and torture of an Italian citizen of Moroccan origin in the context of the secret detention, rendition and torture programme operated by the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency after 11 September 2001. According to the information received, between March 2002 and April 2011, Mr. Abou Elkassim Britel was secretly detained in Pakistan and Morocco, with the alleged complicity of Italian authorities, as well as alleged involvement, in the form of logistical support to the rendition programme, of Portuguese authorities. During this period, Mr. Britel was subjected to torture and ill-treatment, without access, or with obstructions to access, to his family or lawyers, and was not presented before a court within a reasonable time. Mr. Britel was pardoned and released on 14 April 2011. To date, no investigation has reportedly been initiated into the alleged events and no reparation or adequate psychological and medical rehabilitation has been provided to him and/or his family members. Communications with the same contents are also being addressed to the Governments of Italy, Morocco, Pakistan and the United States of America.
Alleged victims: 1
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05 Aug 2015
    03 Jun 2015
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • international order
Alleged arbitrary detention and torture of an Italian citizen of Moroccan origin in the context of the secret detention, rendition and torture programme operated by the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency after 11 September 2001. According to the information received, between March 2002 and April 2011, Mr. Abou Elkassim Britel was secretly detained in Pakistan and Morocco, with the alleged complicity of Italian authorities, as well as alleged involvement, in the form of logistical support to the rendition programme, of Portuguese authorities. During this period, Mr. Britel was subjected to torture and ill-treatment, without access, or with obstructions to access, to his family or lawyers, and was not presented before a court within a reasonable time. Mr. Britel was pardoned and released on 14 April 2011. To date, no investigation has reportedly been initiated into the alleged events and no reparation or adequate psychological and medical rehabilitation has been provided to him and/or his family members. Communications with the same contents are also being addressed to the Governments of Italy, Morocco, Portugal and the United States of America.
Alleged victims: 1
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09 Jun 2015
    03 Jun 2015
    Morocco
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • international order
Allégations de torture d’un citoyen italien d’origine marocaine, dans le cadre du programme de détention secrète, transfert et torture mis en place par la Central Intelligence Agency des États-Unis après le 11 septembre 2001. Selon les informations reçues, M. Abou Elkassim Britel aurait été maintenu en détention secrète au Pakistan et au Maroc, avec la complicité présumée des autorités italiennes, ainsi que la complicité du Portugal, sous la forme de soutien logistique au programme de transfert, entre mars 2002 et avril 2011. Au cours de cette période, M. Britel a été soumis à de la torture et à des mauvais traitements, sans accès ou avec des obstructions à l’accès, à sa famille ou à des avocats, et n’a pas été présenté devant un tribunal dans un délai raisonnable. À ce jour, il semble qu’aucune enquête n’ait été ouverte en ce qui concerne les faits allégués et aucune réparation ou réhabilitation psychologique au médicale adéquate ne semble avoir été apportée à M. Britel et/ou aux membres de sa famille. Des communications avec le même contenu sont également adressées aux Gouvernements de l’Italie, des États-Unis, du Pakistan et du Portugal.
Alleged victims: 1
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    03 Jun 2015
    Italy
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • health
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • international order
Alleged arbitrary detention and torture of an Italian citizen of Moroccan origin in the context of the secret detention, rendition and torture programme operated by the United States’ Central Intelligence Agency after 11 September 2001. According to the information received, between March 2002 and April 2011, Mr. Abou Elkassim Britel was secretly detained in Pakistan and Morocco, with the alleged complicity of the Italian authorities, as well as alleged involvement, in the form of logistical support to the rendition programme, of Portuguese authorities. During this period, Mr. Britel was subjected to torture and ill-treatment, without access, or with obstructions to access, to his family or lawyers, and was not presented before a court within a reasonable time. Mr. Britel was pardoned and released on 14 April 2011. To date, no investigation has reportedly been initiated into the alleged events and no reparation or adequate psychological and medical rehabilitation has been provided to him and/or his family members. Communications with the same contents are also being addressed to the Governments of Morocco, Pakistan, Portugal and the United States of America.
Alleged victims: 1
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05 Aug 2015
    26 May 2015
    Chile
    JAL
  • foreign debt
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Comunicación relativa a concesión de préstamos recibida durante la dictadura militar de Augusto Pinochet y posible complicidad financiera que habría contribuido a las violaciones manifiestas de los derechos humanos cometidas en Chile en ese período. La carta solicita información sobre las medidas tomadas para dar seguimiento a las conclusiones del informe de 1978 del Relator Especial de la Subcomisión de Prevención de Discriminaciones y Protección a las Minorías sobre el impacto de la ayuda económica y la asistencia extranjera sobre el respeto de los derechos humanos en Chile (E/CN.4/Sub.2/412, vols. I-IV), y sobre otras posibles medidas en favor de la investigación y análisis de estas cuestiones, por ejemplo en el marco de procedimientos judiciales, el trabajo de comisiones de la verdad, instancias académicas y sobre las medidas tomadas para que esta cuestión sea incorporada en el currículo de la educación pública.
Alleged victims: -
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    30 Apr 2015
    Burundi
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allégations relatives à l’usage excessif de la force par la police contre des manifestants qui aurait entrainé la mort de plusieurs d’entre eux, ainsi qu’à l’arrestation de plus de 200 manifestants, à la suspension de l’émission de plusieurs radios et à l’arrestation et détention provisoire d’un défenseur des droits de l’homme. Selon les informations reçues, le 26 avril 2015, de larges manifestations pacifiques auraient eu lieu à Bujumbura contre la candidature de l’actuel président Pierre Nkurunziza à la prochaine élection présidentielle. La police aurait tenté de disperser les manifestants et utilisé des gaz lacrymogènes, des canons à eau, des grenades et des armes à feux à balles réelles. Certains rapports indiquent un bilan d’au moins six morts, dont un policier, et 15 blessés au cours des affrontements, et plus de 200 arrestations de manifestants. Le gouvernement aurait interdit la réalisation et émission de reportages en direct des lieux des manifestations par la Radio Publique Africaine (RPA), la Radio Isanganiro et la Radio Bonesha FM. Le 27 avril 2015, M. Pierre-Claver Mbonimpa, défenseur des droits de l’homme, aurait été arrêté à la Maison de la Presse de Bujumbura alors qu’il s’y rendait pour donner une interview. M. Mbonimpa a fait l’objet de communications précédentes envoyées le 26 novembre 2009, voir A/HRC/13/22/Add.1, paras. 213- 218, cas BDI 3/2009 et le 28 mai 2014, voir A/HRC/27/72, cas BDI 1/2014.
Alleged victims: 1
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04 May 2015
    25 Mar 2015
    Spain
    JAL
  • executions
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alegaciones relativas a la decisión del Consejo de Ministros de rechazar las solicitudes de extradición de varios ciudadanos españoles, presentadas por autoridades judiciales argentinas, con relación a una serie de delitos que incluirían violaciones graves de los derechos humanos y crímenes de lesa humanidad cometidos durante el franquismo. Según la información recibida, el 13 de marzo de 2015, el Consejo de Ministros habría tomado la decisión de rechazar dicha solicitud de extradición, sin iniciar procedimientos judiciales a nivel nacional para investigar y sancionar a los responsables de violaciones graves de los derechos humanos, incluyendo tortura, ejecuciones sumarias y desapariciones, cometidas durante el régimen franquista. Esta decisión negaría los derechos de las víctimas y sus familiares a la justicia y a la verdad. Se expresa grave preocupación por los argumentos esgrimidos por el Gobierno, los cuales ignorarían las normas y estándares internacionales de los derechos humanos, así como las recomendaciones formuladas por varios mecanismos internacionales de derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: -
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    07 Jan 2015
    Spain
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alegaciones relativas al presunto inminente cierre del laboratorio de la Asociación para la Recuperación de la Memoria Histórica (ARMH) en el Campus Ponferrada de la Universidad de León. Según las informaciones recibidas, el laboratorio de la ARMH, cedido por la Universidad de León, donde se llevan a cabo exhumaciones de restos de víctimas encontradas en fosas de la Guerra Civil y la represión franquista, cesaría sus actividades en debido a la falta de financiación.
Alleged victims: -
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04 Aug 2015
    22 Dec 2014
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alegaciones sobre la posible aplicación de una amnistía por los delitos de genocidio y crímenes de lesa humanidad, retrasos en el proceso judicial y alegaciones relativas a la falta de garantías de imparcialidad e independencia en la selección de magistrados de la Corte Suprema y salas de apelaciones. Según las informaciones recibidas, los retrasos debidos a la anulación de una fase del debate del juicio por genocidio y crímenes de lesa humanidad contra el ex Jefe de Estado Sr. Efraín Ríos Montt; la posible re-victimización de los testigos y víctimas si tuvieran que volver a dar testimonio; la posible aplicación de una amnistía a delitos que constituirían violaciones graves de los derechos humanos, crímenes de lesa humanidad y genocidio; así como la falta de garantías para la imparcialidad e independencia de la justicia señaladas en el proceso de selección de magistrados de la Corte Suprema y salas de apelaciones, vulnerarían el derecho a la verdad y el acceso a la justicia para las víctimas y familiares de violaciones graves de los derechos humanos cometidas en Guatemala durante el conflicto armado interno. Esta comunicación se refiere a comunicaciones anteriores enviadas el 18 de agosto de 2014, ver A/HRC/28/85, caso no. GTM 5/2014; el 2 de mayo 2014, ver A/HRC/27/72, caso no. GTM 4/2014; el 30 de octubre 2013, ver A/HRC/25/74, caso no. GTM 9/2013; el 17 de mayo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso, no. GTM 5/2013; y el 15 de marzo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso no. GTM 2/2013.
Alleged victims: -
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26 Dec 2014
15 Jan 2015
    27 Nov 2014
    Philippines
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allegations concerning the slow progress of the trial in the case of the “Maguindanao Massacre”, the killing of witnesses to the trial, and the lack of reparations to the victims. According to the information received, the trial on the massacre of 58 persons, including 24 women and 30 journalists, started in 2010 before the Regional Trial Court of Quezon City; however, not a single case has been concluded. Reportedly, at least four witnesses have been killed and relatives of witnesses have also reported attacks, threats and harassment. No form of reparation has been provided to the victims. Media coverage of the trial has reportedly been banned since mid-2014. This case was the subject of earlier communications sent on 30 November 2009, see A/HRC/14/23/Add.1, paras.1840-1880 (case no. PHL 11/2009), on 23 December 2009, see A/HRC/16/52/Add.1, para. 167 (case no. PHL 13/2009) and on 19 July 2010 see A/HRC/17/27/Add.1, paras. 1815-1822 (case no. PHL 7/2010).
Alleged victims: -
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    14 Nov 2014
    Russian Federation
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alleged court application for the closure of an umbrella human rights organization and defamation of an affiliated non-governmental organization (NGO). According to the information received, on 17 January 2013, the Ministry of Justice warned that the Historical, Educational, Human Rights and Charitable Society Memorial (Society Memorial) had violated the Law governing NGOs. On 21 July 2014, the Ministry registered Human Rights Centre Memorial (HRC Memorial), which is a member of Society Memorial, as a “foreign agent”. That decision is under appeal. On 24 September 2014, the Ministry filed a case with the Supreme Court, citing infringements of the law. A hearing was to be held on 13 November 2014 but was deferred to 17 December at the request of the Ministry. On 26 September 2014, members of HRC Memorial were allegedly denied access to the villages of Vremenniy and Gymry, in Dagestan, during investigations carried out by them into alleged human rights violations. On 10 October 2014, state television channel NTV broadcasted footage of the attempted visit and accused members of HRC Memorial of providing support to terrorists allegedly hiding in Vremenny. The above-mentioned laws and HRC Memorial were the subject of three previous communications dated 13 June 2013, see A/HRC/25/74, case no. RUS 3/2013; 18 December 2013, see A/HRC/26/21, case no. RUS 13/2013; and 20 June 2014, case no. RUS 5/2014.
Alleged victims: -
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17 Dec 2014
    28 Jul 2014
    Serbia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alleged attacks, threats and acts of intimidation against members of a non-governmental organization (NGO) actively involved in commemorating the Srebrenica genocide of 1995. According to the information received, on 8 July 2014, during a commemoration of the genocide, Ms. Staša Zajovic, co-founder of the NGO Women in Black, and three staff members of the same organization, were physically and verbally attacked in Valjevo by a group of assailants, some of whom were wearing t-shirts bearing the image of Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic. The police reportedly failed to provide adequate protection. Prior to this incident, the then spokesperson of the Anti-Terrorist Unit of the Ministry of Interior had incited hooligans to act violently against members of Women in Black. A nationalist right wing organization also organized a hostile protest in front of the organization’s premises.
Alleged victims: -
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18 Nov 2014
11 Dec 2014
    03 Jul 2014
    Nepal
    JAL
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alleged incompatibility of the recently adopted Nepal Act on the Commission on Investigation of Disappeared Persons, Truth and Reconciliation, 2071 (2014), with international obligations. According to the information received, the Act, adopted on 25 April 2014, is incompatible with international obligations in the areas of 1) the competence of the Commission to recommend amnesties for perpetrators, including for gross violations of human rights and serious violations of international humanitarian law, 2) the competence of the Commission to initiate reconciliation processes in the absence of a request by the victim or the offender, and 3) the selection procedures for Commission members.
Alleged victims: -
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12 Dec 2014
    26 Jun 2014
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allegations concerning the confirmation of death sentences against 220 individuals in Egypt, following unfair and politically motivated trials. According to the information received, on 24 March 2014, a Court in Minya sentenced 529 people to death on charges related to an attack in August 2013 on a police station in Matay, in protest of the violent dispersal of supporters of former President Mohamed Morsi. The sentences were pronounced following legal proceedings reportedly marred with irregularities. On 28 April 2014, another group of 683 individuals were provisionally sentenced to death by the same Court in connection to an attack on a police station in al-Adwa, following a similar trial purportedly similarly procedurally flawed. Also on 28 April 2014, the Court confirmed 37 of the 529 provisional death sentences imposed on 24 March 2014. On 21 June 2014, the Court upheld 183 of the 683 provisional death sentences imposed on 28 April 2014. The defendants are all allegedly supporters of former president Mohamed Morsi.
Alleged victims: -
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04 Jul 2014
    02 May 2014
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alegaciones de abuso de poder por parte del Tribunal de Honor del Colegio de Abogados y Notarios de Guatemala que suspendió a una jueza del ejercicio de la profesión de abogada por un año. Según la información recibida, el Tribunal de Honor informó el 4 de abril de 2014 a la Jueza Yassmin Barrios que iba a ser sancionada pecuniariamente, amonestada y suspendida en el ejercicio de su profesión de abogada por un año por haber supuestamente cometido una falta grave durante el juicio contra el Sr. Efraín Ríos Montt y el Sr. José Mauricio Rodríguez Sánchez por genocidio y delitos contra los deberes de humanidad. Se informa que el abogado que habría presentado la denuncia ante el Tribunal de Honor era uno de los defensores del imputado Rodríguez Sánchez. Se alega que el Tribunal de Honor actuó fuera de su competencia y que el órgano legalmente competente para evaluar las actuaciones de los jueces e imponerles las sanciones disciplinarias, la Junta de Disciplina Judicial, ya había desestimado la misma denuncia. Se expresa profunda preocupación ante la decisión emitida por el Tribunal de Honor que se enmarca en un contexto de ataques, amenazas e intimidación que afecta a los operadores de justicia que luchan contra la impunidad de graves violaciones a los derechos humanos en Guatemala. La Jueza Barrios ya fue objeto de un llamamiento urgente previo en el cual se denunciaban supuestas amenazas e intimidaciones, enviada con fecha 30 de octubre de 2013, ver A/HRC/25/74, no. de caso GTM 9/2013.
Alleged victims: 1
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    01 Apr 2014
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
The communication addresses the situation surrounding the decision of the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina of 22 October 2013 ordering the quashing of the verdicts in the cases of ten individuals convicted of war crimes against civilians and genocide, following the decision of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in the case of Maktouf and Damjanovic vs. Bosnia and Herzegovina. Concerns are raised as to the legal developments in Bosnia and Herzegovina following the domestic application of this ECtHR judgement, specifically about the following issues: 1) the apparent automatic application of the aforementioned ECtHR judgment in at least a dozen cases in Bosnia and Herzegovina in contravention of the actual ruling of the same judgment; 2) the release of the defendants, guilty of genocide and war crimes against civilians, without remand pending re-trial, and its impact on the protection of victims from violence, re-victimization and intimidation; and 3) the lack of a comprehensive transitional justice strategy to complement the criminal justice process in the country.
Alleged victims: 10
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20 Jun 2014
    25 Mar 2014
    Spain
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • terrorism
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alegaciones relativas a la adopción de la Ley Orgánica 1/2014, de 13 de marzo, que modifica la Ley Orgánica 6/1985, de 1 de julio, del Poder Judicial, relativa a la justicia universal, y que restringiría la aplicabilidad del principio de jurisdicción universal por los tribunales españoles.
Alleged victims: -
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08 Jul 2014
    30 Dec 2013
    Algeria
    JAL
  • executions
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Des allégations sont exprimées quant aux droits des victimes de disparition forcée et leurs familles, notamment concernant le droit à la vérité et l’accès à la justice. Selon les informations reçues, le 12 août 2013, un charnier aurait été découvert près du village de Ras El-Ma, Azzaba, dans la wilaya de Skikda, qui pourrait contenir les corps de personnes qui seraient des victimes de disparition forcée. Il a été rapporté qu’une enquête serait en cours. Les familles de victimes de disparition forcée n'auraient cependant pas été dument informées du déroulement et possibles conclusions d’une enquête. Des préoccupations sont exprimées concernant les articles 45 et 46 de l’ordonnance n° 06-01 du 28 Moharram 1427, correspondant au 27 février 2006, portant sur la mise en œuvre de la Charte pour la Paix et la Réconciliation Nationale, notamment à l’égard du droit à la vérité et l’accès à la justice.
Alleged victims: -
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11 Apr 2014
    25 Nov 2013
    Other actors
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • cultural rights
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Presunto cierre de la Oficina de Tutela Legal (Tutela Legal) de la Arquidiócesis de San Salvador y de su archivo que contendría información sobre casos de violaciones a los derechos humanos, incluyendo desapariciones forzadas. Según la información recibida, el día 30 de septiembre de 2013, la Arquidiócesis de San Salvador decretó el cierre de la Oficina de Tutela Legal de dicho Arzobispado. Se expresa preocupación por la protección de los aproximadamente 50.000 archivos en poder de Tutela Legal y por la preservación de la confidencialidad de los datos que contiene. Se señala la importancia del resguardo del Archivo, por el riesgo que podría representar para numerosas víctimas, familiares y testigos y para la promoción de la verdad, la justicia, la reparación y las garantías de no-repetición. La decisión de cerrar la Oficina de Tutela Legal ocurre diez días después de la admisión por la Sala de lo Constitucional de una demanda de inconstitucional contra la Ley de Amnistía General para la Consolidación de la Paz; proceso que podría permitir la apertura de procesos judiciales y en el marco de los cuales la documentación y archivos de la Oficina de Tutela Legal podrían jugar un rol central.
Alleged victims: -
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    25 Nov 2013
    El Salvador
    JAL
  • disappearances
  • cultural rights
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Presunto cierre de la Oficina de Tutela Legal (Tutela Legal) de la Arquidiócesis de San Salvador y de su archivo que contendría información sobre casos de violaciones a los derechos humanos, incluyendo desapariciones forzadas. Según la información recibida, el día 30 de septiembre de 2013, la Arquidiócesis de San Salvador decretó el cierre de la Oficina de Tutela Legal de dicho Arzobispado. Se expresa preocupación por la protección de los aproximadamente 50.000 archivos en poder de Tutela Legal y por la preservación de la confidencialidad de los datos que contiene. Se señala la importancia del resguardo del Archivo, por el riesgo que podría representar para numerosas víctimas, familiares y testigos y para la promoción de la verdad, la justicia, la reparación y las garantías de no-repetición. La decisión de cerrar la Oficina de Tutela Legal ocurre diez días después de la admisión por la Sala de lo Constitucional de una demanda de inconstitucional contra la Ley de Amnistía General para la Consolidación de la Paz; proceso que podría permitir la apertura de procesos judiciales y en el marco de los cuales la documentación y archivos de la Oficina de Tutela Legal podrían jugar un rol central.
Alleged victims: -
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26 May 2014
26 May 2014
    30 Oct 2013
    Guatemala
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Presuntas amenazas de muerte e intimidaciones contra una jueza en Guatemala. Según las informaciones recibidas, la Sra. Yassmin Barrios, Presidenta del Tribunal que juzgó durante 2013 un caso por delitos de genocidio y de lesa humanidad, habría recibido amenazas de muerte e intimidaciones que pudieran poner en riesgo su vida y su integridad física y mental. La jueza habría recibido una llamada del extranjero en la que se le comunicaba un plan para asesinarla. La Jueza Barrios presidió el tribunal que llevó a cabo el juicio contra el ex jefe de Estado, Efraín Ríos Montt, y el ex jefe de inteligencia, José Mauricio Rodríguez Sánchez, por genocidio y crímenes de lesa humanidad, el cual se desarrolló entre el 19 de marzo y el 10 de mayo de 2013. La patrulla asignada para vigilar su residencia habría sido retirada en varias ocasiones sin justificación, dejándola sin protección adecuada. El 28 de junio de 2013, la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos otorgó medidas cautelares a favor de la Jueza Barrios.
Alleged victims: 1
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06 Jan 2014
    14 May 2013
    Uruguay
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Presunta clausura y potencial clausura de ciertos casos judiciales relativos a desapariciones forzadas, tortura y ejecución ocurridos durante el período dictatorial uruguayo. Según la información recibida, con fechas 22 de febrero de 2013, 8 de marzo de 2013, 13 de marzo de 2013, y 8 de abril de 2013 la Suprema Corte de Justicia de Uruguay ha resuelto la inconstitucionalidad de los artículos 2 y 3 de la Ley 18.831 de 2011 que habilitaba la investigación de los delitos cometidos por oficiales de las fuerzas armadas y policiales durante el período dictatorial finalizado en 1985 e impedía la aplicación de plazos de prescripción a los mismos por considerarlos delitos de lesa humanidad. Según se informa, estas decisiones de la Suprema Corte de Justicia consideran que la referida norma viola el principio de constitucionalidad legal y de irretroactividad de la ley penal más gravosa estableciendo así la imposibilidad de que esa ley opere retroactivamente y declarando la prescripción de los delitos cometidos durante la dictadura.
Alleged victims: 1
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25 May 2013
25 Jul 2013
25 Jul 2013
25 Jul 2013
25 Jul 2013
25 Jul 2013
25 Jul 2013
    22 Mar 2013
    Nepal
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • disappearances
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alleged threats of violence widely published in mass media and official harassment of human rights defenders and an alleged physical attack against a human rights defender. According to the information received, Ms. Mandira Sharma and Messrs. Subodh Pyakhurel, Kanak Mani Dixit, Sushil Pyakhurel, Charan Prasai and Kapil Shrestha, all members of the Accountability Watch Committee (AWC), have been the subject of stigmatising remarks in newspapers, online news portals and on radio stations. These reports have also included calls to 'people's action' against them, understood in the Nepalese context to imply violent attacks. All these media are reportedly affiliated with a Maoist political party currently in government. It is alleged that the threats have been motivated by AWC efforts in securing the arrest in Britain of an army colonel now being investigated for torture incidents in Nepal in 2005 as well as the arrest of Maoist cadres for the murder of a journalist in 2004. Additionally, Ms. Mandira Sharma has received messages of an investigation being opened against the organisation, Advocacy Forum, of which she is the head, potentially putting its human rights activities at risk. Furthermore, Mr.Yadav Prasad Bastola, the executive director of the Human Rights Alliance, was allegedly attacked by six unidentified masked persons on 28 February 2013 while walking home.
Alleged victims: 7
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    22 Mar 2013
    Burundi
    UA
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allégations quant à certaines dispositions du projet de loi portant création, mandat, composition, organisation et fonctionnement de la Commission Vérité et Réconciliation. Selon les informations reçues, la dernière version du projet de loi pose six préoccupations majeures, notamment : 1) pardon et la réconciliation, 2) la stratégie globale concernant les mesures de justice transitionnelle, 3) l’indépendance et l’impartialité de la CVR, y compris la procédure de sélection de ses membres, 4) le mandat de la CVR, 5) l’amnistie pour les crimes de génocide, crimes de guerre, crimes contre l’humanité, crimes de violences sexuelles et des violations flagrantes des droits de l’homme et 6) la protection des victimes et des témoins.
Alleged victims: -
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    22 Mar 2013
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • housing
  • minority issues
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alleged increasing climate of violence in the context of the protests related to the trials before the Bangladesh International Crimes Tribunal. According to the information received, large-scale protests have been held across Bangladesh since 5 February 2013. The protests were reportedly triggered by the pronouncement of verdicts against the leaders of the opposition Party Jamaat-e-Islami before the Bangladesh International Crimes Tribunal. It is alleged that the protests turned violent, leading to clashes and attacks, including lethal attacks, perpetrated by both State and non-State actors. At least 88 persons were allegedly killed from 5 February to 5 March 2013. A large number of deaths were reportedly caused by the excessive use of force by the security forces while policing the protests. It is reported that serious attacks occurred against the members of the Hindu community, as well as against journalists and other media workers. At the time of drafting this communication, the protests and the ensuing violence in Bangladesh was still on-going. The proceedings undertaken and the sentences pronounced by the Bangladesh International Crimes Tribunal have been the subject of previous communications (see A/HRC/22/67, case no BGD 6/2012 and BGD 8/2012, and A/HRC/23/51, case no BGD 3/2013).
Alleged victims: 38
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    15 Mar 2013
    Mexico
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • disappearances
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Presuntos actos de hostigamiento contra colaboradores de la Comisión de la Verdad para la Investigación de las Violaciones a los Derechos Humanos Durante la Guerra Sucia de los años sesenta y setentas del Estado de Guerrero. Según las informaciones recibidas, los días 26, 27 y 28 de enero de 2013, varios individuos habrían preguntado por el Sr. Carlos Ernesto López, un miembro del equipo de investigadores especializados en documentación de la Comisión, en la zona donde vive. Posteriormente, el Sr. López habría recibido un mensaje amenazante. El autor del mensaje le habría advertido que sabía dónde vivía y que iría allí a menos que despidiera a uno de sus empleados sin remplazarlo. El 3 de febrero de 2013, el Sr. Miguel Flores Leonardo, sobreviviente de una presunta desaparición forzada e hijo de un presunto desaparecido, habría afirmado que una persona asociada con él habría recibido amenazas. El autor de una de las presuntas amenazas se habría referido al Sr. Flores Leonardo.
Alleged victims: 2
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    15 Mar 2013
    Guatemala
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alegaciones de existencia de un clima de violencia e intimidación en contra de abogados, jueces, fiscales y otros sujetos procesales, que actualmente se padece en el país. Según se informa, esto afecta especialmente a aquéllos operadores de justicia que conocen procesos penales de alto riesgo e impacto social, particularmente los relacionados con casos de corrupción así como casos de graves violaciones a los derechos humanos ocurridas en el pasado, como crímenes de genocidio y lesa humanidad. Respecto a la grave situación de los operadores de justicia que trabajan en casos relacionados con la corrupción, nos referimos en particular al asesinato el 14 de febrero de 2013 de la abogada penalista la Sra. Lea De León.
Alleged victims: 1
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09 Sep 2013
    22 Oct 2012
    Nepal
    AL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Possible promulgation of an ordinance that would allegedly contravene international standards and promotion of public officials allegedly involved in serious human rights violations or violations of international humanitarian law in the context of the armed conflict in Nepal. According to the information received, in the absence of a legislative body, on 28 August 2012, the Council of Ministers transmitted an ordinance establishing a Commission on Investigation of Disappeared Person, Truth and Reconciliation to the President of Nepal. In the event the ordinance is promulgated, the Commission would reportedly be vested with the competence to recommend to the Government the granting of amnesties including for crimes under international law. Additionally, the Commission would have the competence to initiate reconciliation processes in the absence of an application from the victim or the perpetrator.
Alleged victims: -
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    16 May 2012
    Brazil
    JAL
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
The National Truth Commission of Brazil was formally constituted with the appointment of the Commission members on 16 May. Since the signing into law by President Rousseff in November 2011, this is the next critical step towards the establishment of the National Truth Commission responsible for investigating human rights violations, including killings, torture and forced disappearances committed under military rule between 1964 and 1985. The Special Rapporteurs referred to the benefits of a commission of inquiry (A/HRC/19/61) and the integral role the mechanism can provide to facilitating the formal investigation of legacies of killings, torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and pave the way to effective and fair prosecutions. Reference was also made to HRC Res. 18/7 of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence, who can contribute, upon request, to the provision of technical assistance or advisory services on issues pertaining to that mandate.
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