Communication report and search
OHCHR.org

97 communications found
Date, Country,
Type and
ref. no. of
communication
Mandates Summary Replies
received
    13 Aug 2021
    China
    JAL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Information received concerning the erosion of the right to freedom of speech, education and academic freedom in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) since the enactment of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, also known as the National Security Law (NSL), on 30 June 2020. Issues of concern include the disciplining of educators for their social activism and for exploring political issues in class, particularly in the university context, textbook censorship, the removal of educational components aimed at fostering critical thinking from a core secondary school curriculum, and an announced plan to insert national security components into almost all subjects in primary and secondary curricula. Also of concern is the possible chilling effect of the NSL on the freedom of expression of journalists and teachers due to increased self-censorship.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    09 Aug 2021
    Ghana
    JOL
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the tabling of a bill entitled “Promotion of Proper Human Sexual Rights and Ghanaian Family Values Bill, 2021” before the Parliament of Ghana. According to information at our disposal, the first reading of the bill took place on 2 August. The consideration of the bill is expected to resume in October, after Parliamentary recess and public engagement.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    03 Aug 2021
    Canada
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • education
  • health
  • indigenous peoples
Information received concerning the persistent challenges faced by members of the Inuit indigenous community of Nunavut, Canada in receiving essential public services in their language, in particular public education, healthcare and the justice system. Some 75% of Inuit in Nunavut speak Inuktut as their first language. The Inuit of Nunavut live mostly along the Arctic coast in the northern regions of Canada. Nunavut is a semi-autonomous territory with regional self-governance created in 1999 through a series of agreements with Canada. Approximately 85% of the population of Nunavut are Inuit, one of the three Aboriginal groups recognized under section 35 the Constitution of Canada. As such, Canada must recognize and protect the rights of the Inuit people to self-determination to pursue their social and cultural development, and autonomy or self-government over their internal and local affairs.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    20 Jul 2021
    France
    JAL
  • water and sanitation
  • education
  • environment
  • housing
  • poverty
Information reçue concernant les coupures des services publics d’approvisionnement en eau potable en Guadeloupe et leurs impacts négatifs sur le droit humain à l’eau potable de la population, mais aussi sur la gestion de la pandémie de COVID-19, notamment pour les établissements de santé et scolaires.
Alleged victims: 400000
More details...
    14 Jul 2021
    India
    JUA
  • housing
  • education
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • minority issues
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the imminent threat of forced evictions and demolitions of around 10,000 homes, which will leave over 100,000 people, primarily belonging to minorities, at risk of homelessness, in the Khori Gaon informal settlement, Faridabad, Haryana state.
Alleged victims: 100000
More details...
    30 Jun 2021
    Ukraine
    JAL
  • disability
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • housing
  • older persons
  • poverty
  • sale of children
  • torture
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the situation of persons with disabilities in institutions, including in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    29 Jun 2021
    Democratic People's Republic of Korea
    JAL
  • Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
  • education
  • slavery
Information received concerning the use of orphans for child labour at coal mines and other potentially harmful and hazardous working environments.
Alleged victims: 200
More details...
    31 May 2021
    Latvia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • education
  • minority issues
  • unilateral coercive measures
Information received concerning the adoption and enforcement of a series of measures which appear to impose limitations affecting the use of minority languages in Latvia. In particular we have received new information regarding education laws, some of which we had previously raised concerns about in 2018 and 2019, as well as about a range of new laws or related policies adopted or applied since 2020 that raise serious concerns about their potential effects on the enjoyment and promotion of minority linguistic rights in the country.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
27 Jul 2021
    31 Mar 2021
    Fiji
    JAL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning the deportation of Professor Pal Ahluwalia, the Vice-Chancellor from the University of the South Pacific’s, and his spouse Sandra Jane Price.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    30 Mar 2021
    United States of America
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • business
  • education
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the alleged role of Omegle, a live video chat website based in the United States of America, in facilitating self-generated and live video streamed sexual activities and material online that depicts or otherwise represents children appearing to engage in sexually explicit conduct.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    30 Mar 2021
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • business
  • education
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the alleged role of Omegle, a live video chat website based in the United States of America, in facilitating self-generated and live video streamed sexual activities and material online that depicts or otherwise represents children appearing to engage in sexually explicit conduct.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
17 Jun 2021
    30 Mar 2021
    TikTok
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • business
  • education
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the alleged role of Omegle, a live video chat website based in the United States of America, in facilitating self-generated and live video streamed sexual activities and material online that depicts or otherwise represents children appearing to engage in sexually explicit conduct.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
28 May 2021
    30 Mar 2021
    Omeagle LCC
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • business
  • education
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the alleged role of Omegle, a live video chat website based in the United States of America, in facilitating self-generated and live video streamed sexual activities and material online that depicts or otherwise represents children appearing to engage in sexually explicit conduct.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    30 Mar 2021
    Mexico
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • business
  • education
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the alleged role of Omegle, a live video chat website based in the United States of America, in facilitating self-generated and live video streamed sexual activities and material online that depicts or otherwise represents children appearing to engage in sexually explicit conduct.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
02 Jun 2021
    30 Mar 2021
    India
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • business
  • education
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the alleged role of Omegle, a live video chat website based in the United States of America, in facilitating self-generated and live video streamed sexual activities and material online that depicts or otherwise represents children appearing to engage in sexually explicit conduct.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    30 Mar 2021
    China
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • business
  • education
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the alleged role of Omegle, a live video chat website based in the United States of America, in facilitating self-generated and live video streamed sexual activities and material online that depicts or otherwise represents children appearing to engage in sexually explicit conduct.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 May 2021
    30 Mar 2021
    Apple Inc.
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • business
  • education
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the alleged role of Omegle, a live video chat website based in the United States of America, in facilitating self-generated and live video streamed sexual activities and material online that depicts or otherwise represents children appearing to engage in sexually explicit conduct.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    30 Mar 2021
    Android (google)
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • business
  • education
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding the alleged role of Omegle, a live video chat website based in the United States of America, in facilitating self-generated and live video streamed sexual activities and material online that depicts or otherwise represents children appearing to engage in sexually explicit conduct.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 Mar 2021
    Malaysia
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • education
  • migrants
  • minority issues
  • slavery
  • torture
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the situation of refugee and asylum-seeking children, including unaccompanied and separated children, among whom child sexual abuse survivors, who continue to be at a heightened risk of abuse and exploitation including extortion, sale, child force labour, trafficking, sexual exploitation, child marriage and other gender-based violence upon arrival in Malaysia, and when apprehended and detained at Imigratin Immigration Detention Centres (IDCs).
Alleged victims: 49077
More details...
03 May 2021
    09 Mar 2021
    Belarus
    JAL
  • water and sanitation
  • Belarus
  • education
Information received regarding the interruption of the water supply to "Novaya Borovaya" district in Minsk for political reasons, as retaliation for residents’ participation in anti-Government protests and activities.
Alleged victims: 15000
More details...
17 May 2021
    25 Feb 2021
    Nigeria
    JUA
  • trafficking in persons
  • education
  • sale of children
  • slavery
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received received concerning allegations of mass abduction and trafficking of children in the Northern region of Nigeria.
Alleged victims: 500
More details...
26 Feb 2021
    19 Feb 2021
    Japan
    JAL
  • racism
  • education
  • migrants
  • minority issues
Information received regarding the recently established program, “Emergency Student Support Handout for Continuing Studies.” We are concerned that this program violates Japan’s obligations under international human rights law, including the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD), to which Japan is a State party.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
19 Apr 2021
    17 Feb 2021
    Eritrea
    JAL
  • education
  • Eritrea
  • health
  • slavery
  • torture
Information received concerning national service requirements obliging all secondary school students in the country to complete their final year at the Warsai Yekalo Secondary School, located in the Sawa military camp, and to undertake mandatory military training for approximately five months of that year, as well as regarding related practices and conditions that impact on the right to education, academic freedom and the right to not be discriminated in the field of education.
Alleged victims: 500
More details...
    12 Feb 2021
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • education
  • environment
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Información recibida sobre el presunto abuso y explotación sexual de niños, niñas y adolescentes, asi como su reclutamiento como intermediarios para el tráfico de drogas en la comunidad Amazónica de Bella Vista, en el departamento de Beni. También quisieramos señalar la presunta falta de investigación de los hechos por las autoridades competentes.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Apr 2021
    10 Feb 2021
    China
    JAL
  • violence against women
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • education
  • health
  • minority issues
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary detention and ill-treatment, including gender-based violence against Ms. Gulbakhar Jalilova, a Kazakh national and businesswoman and member of the Uyghur minority, as well as the lack of gender-specific measures that meet the needs of women detainees at Detention Centres No. 2 and No. 3 in Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang Uyhgur Autonomous Region (XUAR).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 May 2021
    01 Feb 2021
    Brazil
    JAL
  • disability
  • education
Information received concerning the new national policy on special education, as enshrined in presidential decree No. 10.105, adopted on 30 September 2020, which contains provisions that could restrict the right to inclusive education for children with disabilities in Brazil.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
30 Apr 2021
    25 Jan 2021
    Germany
    JAL
  • disability
  • education
Information received concerning a 15-year-old child with learning disabilities, who has been denied the right to inclusive and quality education, as well as reasonable accommodation in Koblenz (Rhineland-Palatinate State).
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
10 Aug 2021
    20 Jan 2021
    Poland
    JAL
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • cultural rights
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning (i) the increased use of hate speech and violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and gender diverse (“LGBT”) persons, including the creation of so-called “LGBT Free” zones by municipalities, (ii) restrictions on and attacks against Pride marches, (iii) a proposed bill to criminalize sexuality education, and (iv) restrictions on Polish schools’ initiative “Rainbow Friday”; (v) possible withdrawal from the Istanbul Convention, and (vi) the Polish Episcopal Conference’s calling for the creation of “conversion therapy” clinics.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Mar 2021
    29 Dec 2020
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • executions
  • education
  • internally displaced persons
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged intentional killings of Mr. Yerimia Zanambani, a reverend and Mr. Rufinus Tigau, a catholic church worker, by Indonesian security forces and injuries to a child through excessive use of force as well as the reported lack of access by internally displaced persons to essential services, the use of a school by the army and the destruction of a health facility.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
20 Jan 2021
    18 Dec 2020
    Spain
    JUA
  • housing
  • disability
  • education
  • food
  • health
  • migrants
  • minority issues
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida en relación con la situación de las personas residentes en el asentamiento informal “Cañada Real Galiana”, en particular de 1.812 niños y niñas, afectadas por cortes en el suministro de electricidad durante meses marcados por bajas temperaturas.
Alleged victims: 1812
More details...
22 Apr 2021
    19 Oct 2020
    Ghana
    JOL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information received concerning the proposed Public University Bill 2020, which reportedly will affect the autonomy of the universities and thus, academic freedoms.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    30 Sep 2020
    Kenya
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • albinism
  • education
  • health
  • poverty
  • slavery
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the annual child marriage ceremonies, the most recent ones having reportedly taken place in March and September 2020, in Bunisa, Marsabit region of Kenya, where reportedly hundreds of underage couples have been married in traditional ceremonies.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    11 Sep 2020
    Romania
    JOL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning proposed bills that reportedly (i) prohibit sexual education unless there is parental written consent, and (ii) impose a blanket ban on a discussion regarding “gender theory or opinion” in Romanian educational establishments.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
08 Dec 2020
18 Dec 2020
    29 Apr 2020
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • poverty
  • education
  • health
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida en relación con el creciente deterioro de la situación de los derechos humanos en Venezuela en un contexto de agudización de la crisis económica, aumento de la desigualdad, incremento de la pobreza, acentuación del hambre y la desnutrición, deterioro acelerado de los servicios públicos y profunda crisis en el sector educativo.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Feb 2020
    India
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
Allegations of excessive use of force, arrests and arbitrary detention of protestors since December 2019, in the context of demonstrations against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA).
Alleged victims: 31
More details...
    14 Jan 2020
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • education
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the persisting challenges faced by Non-Muslim students in area of education, as well as the existence of textbooks with content that stigmatizes ethno-religious minorities in Pakistan.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    11 Nov 2019
    Armenia
    JOL
  • disability
  • education
Information received concerning the decision by the Government of Armenia to endorse the “Caritas City” or “Children’s City” program of the Armenian Caritas organization which would, if implemented, violate Armenia’s obligations under international human rights law, including the Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities and the Convention on the rights of the child.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Feb 2020
    07 Nov 2019
    Maldives
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the launching of investigations against the human rights organisation Maldivian Democracy Network, public calls for its de-registration, as well as the intensified online harassment, intimidation and threats against its staff members, including Ms. Shahindha Ismail and Mr. Mushfiq Mohamed.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
15 Jan 2020
    01 Nov 2019
    China
    JOL
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • privacy
  • religion or belief
  • torture
We offer the following comments on the effect and application of the Counter-Terrorism Law of the People’s Republic of China (Counter-Terrorism Law) promulgated on 27 December 2015 effective as of 1 January 2016 and its Regional Implementing Measures, the 2016 Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Implementing Measures of the Counter-Terrorism Law of the People's Republic of China.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Dec 2019
    28 Oct 2019
    Belarus
    JAL
  • Belarus
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • health
  • torture
Information received regarding the situation of children arrested and detained in relation to drug offences.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
03 Jan 2020
    24 Sep 2019
    Latvia
    JOL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • minority issues
  • racism
Information received concerning the adoption by the Cabinet of Ministers of the regulation on pre-school education No. 716, which appears to impose restrictions on the use of minority languages in pre-school educational institutions.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
27 Nov 2019
    15 Aug 2019
    Syrian Arab Republic
    JAL
  • education
  • executions
  • health
  • internally displaced persons
  • terrorism
Information received concerning an increase in the attacks against healthcare and school facilities between 1 April and 4 July 2019 in Syria, especially in southern Idlib and areas of northern Hama.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    30 Jul 2019
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • minority issues
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the detention of the teacher Ms. Zara Mohammadi by the Iranian authorities.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    22 Jul 2019
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • education
  • food
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • indigenous peoples
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida proveniente de diferentes actores nacionales sobre los impactos negativos que han tenido una serie de desalojos forzosos ejecutados desde 2017 a la fecha, en varios derechos humanos entre ellos el derecho a vivienda, alimentación, agua, saneamiento, educación, de las personas que viven en el área rural y que pertenecen a pueblos indígenas y a comunidades campesinas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    07 Jun 2019
    Global Partnership for Education
    OL
  • education
Information received concerning the draft GPE Private Sector Engagement Strategy, which is to be discussed at the next meeting of the GPE Board, from 11 to 13 June 2019 in Stockholm, Sweden.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
10 Jun 2019
    17 Apr 2019
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
In this connection, we would like to bring to your attention information that we have received regarding the alleged arrest and continued detention of Mr. Abdulaziz Saeed Saad Halwan Abdullah, a Qatari national (ID number 29563404734) in Saudi Arabia.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Apr 2019
    05 Apr 2019
    Spain
    JAL
  • disability
  • education
  • health
Información recibida en relación con la situación de un niño autista de 14 años, a quien se le habrían negado y/o suspendido los ajustes razonables para una educación inclusiva en el CEIP Salgado Torres y en el EIS Elviña de A Coruña.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
04 Jun 2019
    03 Apr 2019
    Japan
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • education
  • environment
  • food
  • health
  • housing
  • slavery
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the situation of workers and families living on farms in the abaca plantations of the Japanese company Furukawa Plantaciones C.A. in Ecuador.
Alleged victims: 200
More details...
13 Jun 2019
    03 Apr 2019
    Furukawa Plantaciones C. A.
    JAL
  • slavery
  • African Descent
  • business
  • education
  • environment
  • food
  • health
  • housing
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida en relación con la situación de los trabajadores y las familias que viven en haciendas en las plantaciones de abacá de la empresa japonesa Furukawa Plantaciones C. A. del Ecuador.
Alleged victims: 200
More details...
31 May 2019
    03 Apr 2019
    Ecuador
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • education
  • environment
  • food
  • health
  • housing
  • slavery
  • water and sanitation
Información recibida en relación con la situación de las personas trabajadoras y familias que viven en haciendas en las plantaciones de abacá de la empresa japonesa Furukawa Plantaciones C. A. del Ecuador.
Alleged victims: 200
More details...
02 Jun 2019
    28 Mar 2019
    Google, Inc.
    JAL
  • business
  • education
  • privacy
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the availability on the Google’s application store of the Saudi mobile phone application ‘‘Absher’’, allowing millions of “male guardians” to technologically monitor and restrict women’s whereabouts and freedom of movement in Saudi Arabia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 May 2019
    28 Mar 2019
    Apple Inc.
    JAL
  • business
  • education
  • privacy
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the availability on the Apple’s application store of the Saudi mobile phone application ‘‘Absher”, allowing millions of private “male guardians” to technologically monitor and restrict women’s whereabouts and freedom of movement in Saudi Arabia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Feb 2019
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • education
  • privacy
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning legislation and social practices of “male guardianship” in Saudi Arabia, including the mobile phone application ‘Absher’, which seem to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
17 Apr 2019
    20 Dec 2018
    Canada
    JOL
  • cultural rights
  • disability
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning changes to the sexuality education curriculum of the Province of Ontario.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 May 2019
    08 Nov 2018
    Latvia
    JOL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • minority issues
Information received regarding the adoption of amendments to the Law on Institutions of Higher Education, which appear to impose restrictions on the educational and linguistic rights of minorities in Latvia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Jan 2019
    12 Sep 2018
    Hungary
    JOL
  • cultural rights
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning a directive of Your Excellency’s Government forbidding the teaching of the subject of gender studies at institutions of higher education.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 Sep 2018
    Hungary
    JAL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • international solidarity
  • migrants
  • racism
Information received concerning the recent adoption of a series of laws that introduce undue restrictions on the rights to freedom of association, peaceful assembly and freedom of expression in Hungary and risk to further fuel the already existing xenophobic and discriminatory public discourse on migration and negative narrative about civil society, in particular when its activities are related to migration issues.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Aug 2018
    Peru
    JOL
  • education
  • women in law and in practice
información recibida referente a una próxima decisión de la Corte Suprema que anularía el enfoque de género en el Currículo Nacional para la Educación Básica.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    06 Jun 2018
    Nicaragua
    JUA
  • disappearances
  • education
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • older persons
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Información recibida en relación con alegaciones de uso excesivo de la fuerza por parte de cuerpos de seguridad del Estado, incluyendo policía anti-motines y grupos armados pro-gubernamentales (también llamados ‘turbas’, para-policías o paramilitares, ‘motorizados’) en contra de manifestantes en zonas urbanas y rurales, y de estudiantes (incluyendo adolescentes), la cual ha causado, desde su inicio el 18 de abril hasta el 3 de junio al menos 120 muertos, y aproximadamente 1200 personas heridas en varias ciudades del país.
Alleged victims: 1100
More details...
    18 May 2018
    Brazil
    JOL
  • education
  • food
  • foreign debt
  • housing
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the negative impacts of budget cuts, structural adjustment and austerity measures implemented since 2014, on several human rights, notably the rights to health, education, social security, food, as well as on gender equality, and in particular the negative impacts linked to the Constitutional Amendment No 95, also known as “Expenditure Ceiling”, in force for over 16 months.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
01 Aug 2018
    22 Feb 2018
    United Republic of Tanzania
    JAL
  • women in law and in practice
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • violence against women
Information received concerning governmental decisions banning pregnant girls and adolescent mothers from attending schools and barring the dissemination of materials relevant to this issue.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    20 Feb 2018
    Turkey
    JOL
  • poverty
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • terrorism
Response to the reply of Turkish Government of 27 July 2017 to the communication dated 11 April 2017 (AL TUR 4/2017).
Alleged victims: 1
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13 Apr 2018
30 Apr 2018
    06 Feb 2018
    France
    JAL
  • education
  • housing
  • minority issues
  • racism
Informations reçues concernant des expulsions forcées de familles Roms basées à Marseille, sans consultation préalable, sans garantie d’accès à un logement adéquat par la suite et avec des effets négatifs sur la scolarisation des enfants issus de ces familles.
Alleged victims: -
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    26 Jan 2018
    Latvia
    JOL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • minority issues
Information received concerning the proposed amendments by the Government to the Law on Education with regard to the medium of instruction in basic and secondary education, as well as the recent judgment by the Constitutional Court that accepted the constitutionality of the “loyalty” clause for teachers and schools administrators introduced in the Law on Education in 2015 and 2016.
Alleged victims: -
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28 Mar 2018
09 Apr 2018
    17 Jan 2018
    Eritrea
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • Eritrea
Information received concerning the alleged violent repression of peaceful protests against Government interference at the Al Diaa school in Asmara, Eritrea, on 31 October 2017, and the arbitrary arrest and detention of several people including those linked to the school, protesters and perceived protesters, apparently in reaction to the legitimate exercise of their rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and to freedom of expression.
Alleged victims: -
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21 Feb 2018
    12 Jan 2018
    China
    JOL
  • minority issues
  • cultural rights
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information received concerning the directive on bilingual education issued on 28 June 2017 by Hotan’s Education Department.
Alleged victims: 1
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15 Mar 2018
    29 Aug 2017
    Philippines
    JOL
  • education
  • health
  • executions
Information received concerning Memorandum Order No. 64, which calls for and allows random and mandatory drug testing at higher education institutions in the Philippines, as well as other measures affecting primary and secondary education institutions which will act as barriers to the enjoyment of the rights to education and health of students, including children.
Alleged victims: -
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18 Oct 2017
15 Aug 2018
    28 Aug 2017
    Sudan
    JAL
  • education
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • Sudan
Information received concerning alleged acts of racial discrimination, continuous harassment and violence targeting Darfuri students.
Alleged victims: 1
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    19 Aug 2017
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • migrants
  • racism
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the adverse situation and the violations of human rights of Qatari migrants in the United Arab Emirates, as well as Emirati migrants in the State of Qatar as a result of the United Arab Emirates government’s decision to suspend ties with the State of Qatar, particularly their right to movement and residence, family unity, education, work, freedom of opinion and expression, health and the right to property.
Alleged victims: 12409
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18 Sep 2017
18 Sep 2017
18 Sep 2017
18 Sep 2017
18 Sep 2017
    19 Aug 2017
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • migrants
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the adverse situation and the violations of human rights of Qatari migrants in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, as well as Saudi Arabian migrants in the State of Qatar as a result of the Saudi Arabian government’s decision to suspend ties with the State of Qatar.
Alleged victims: 12409
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12 Dec 2017
    19 Aug 2017
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • migrants
  • racism
  • terrorism
Information received concerning the adverse situation and the violations of human rights of Qatari migrants in the Kingdom of Bahrain, as well as Bahraini migrants in the State of Qatar as a result of the Kingdom of Bahrain government’s decision to suspend ties with the State of Qatar, particularly their right to movement and residence, family unity, education, work, freedom of opinion and expression, health and the right to property.
Alleged victims: 12409
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18 Sep 2017
    18 Aug 2017
    United Republic of Tanzania
    JAL
  • education
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning a governmental decision banning pregnant girls and adolescent mothers from attending schools.
Alleged victims: -
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16 Aug 2017
    11 Aug 2017
    Honduras
    JAL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
Información recibida en relación con alegaciones sobre la criminalización de estudiantes universitarios participantes en manifestaciones públicas bajo los delitos de usurpación y privación de la libertad, así como sobre actos de intimidación y amenazas de uso excesivo de la fuerza por parte de elementos de seguridad privada y de la Policía Nacional con el fin de dispersar manifestaciones estudiantiles pacíficas.
Alleged victims: 3
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24 Nov 2017
    23 Jun 2017
    Nauru
    JUA
  • education
  • health
  • migrants
Information received concerning the allegation of the physical and sexual harassment of a fourteen-year-old girl and the violation of her fundamental rights, including her right to education.
Alleged victims: 2
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    23 Jun 2017
    Australia
    JUA
  • education
  • health
  • migrants
  • torture
Information received concerning the deteriorating health conditions and violation of human rights of fourteen-year old girl and her four-year old brother in the context of their detention at the Australian Regional Processing Centre.
Alleged victims: 2
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27 Jul 2017
    29 May 2017
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Information received concerning the arrest,detention and conviction of members of the Bahá’í community in Iran as well as attacks on their property, sealing of their shops, exclusion from universities and threats.
Alleged victims: 41
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21 Aug 2017
12 Oct 2017
06 Dec 2017
    13 Apr 2017
    Brazil
    JOL
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning two Projects of Law (PL), PL 867/2015 and PL 193/2016, called the federal “School Without Party Programme” bills, which contain provisions that unduly restrict the right to freedom of expression of students and teachers in Brazil.
Alleged victims: -
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12 Jun 2017
    11 Apr 2017
    Turkey
    JAL
  • education
  • poverty
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Information received concerning alleged violations of economic and social rights caused by the exercise of emergency powers and the implementation of emergency measures by the Government in the aftermath of the coup attempt of 15 July 2016 and the consequent situation of poverty that many of the affected individuals and their families reportedly suffer.
Alleged victims: -
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06 Jun 2017
27 Jul 2017
27 Jul 2017
27 Jul 2017
    23 Mar 2017
    Brazil
    JOL
  • education
  • poverty
A follow-up letter in response to the reply of the Brazilian Government to the previous communication dated 8 December 2016 (AL BRA 7/2016), concerning the constitutional amendment (EC-95) and its negative impact on the realization of economic and social rights in Brazil.
Alleged victims: -
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    22 Mar 2017
    Australia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • sale of children
  • torture
  • education
Information received concerning a range of severe human rights violations perpetrated against children with disabilities in the public, as well as private, educational institutions of Australia.
Alleged victims: -
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23 May 2017
    07 Feb 2017
    UNFICYP
    JAL
  • health
  • education
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged detention and deportation of a Nigerian citizen on the basis of her health status, which was determined through testing without her informed consent.
Alleged victims: 1
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16 May 2017
    19 Jan 2017
    Argentina
    JAL
  • disability
  • education
Información recibida respecto a la presunta falta de operatividad del derecho a la educación inclusiva sin discriminación por motivo de discapacidad, al denegar al Sr. Alan César Rodríguez, un joven con síndrome de Down, del título oficial de terminación de estudios secundarios en igualdad de condiciones con los demás estudiantes.
Alleged victims: 1
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20 Mar 2017
    16 Dec 2016
    Myanmar
    JAL
  • education
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • housing
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • Myanmar
Information received concerning measures that may amount to systematic discrimination against religious minorities, particularly the Rohingya Muslims, including arbitrary restrictions on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and to manifest one’s religion or belief in worship, obervance, practice and teaching.
Alleged victims: -
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11 Apr 2017
    08 Dec 2016
    Brazil
    JAL
  • education
  • health
  • poverty
Information received concerning the possible adoption of Constitutional Amendment Bill No. 55 (“PEC 55/2016”) and its impact on the realization of economic and social rights in Brazil.
Alleged victims: -
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12 Dec 2016
21 Dec 2016
23 Dec 2016
23 Jan 2017
    09 May 2016
    Spain
    JAL
  • education
  • housing
  • food
  • health
  • minority issues
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
Presuntas violaciones de los derechos humanos a la vivienda, al agua y al saneamiento, a la salud, a la educación y a la alimentación de miembros de una comunidad romaní. Según la información recibida, desde 2005, unas 435 personas, habitantes de un asentamiento informal conocido como “El Gallinero” en Madrid, viven en condiciones precarias y de insalubridad. Las viviendas tendrían un acceso limitado a la electricidad y al agua potable; y carecerían de servicios de saneamiento y de recolección de basura adecuados. Los riesgos graves de salud y contaminación ambiental podrían ser la causa de varios casos de diarreas y deshidratación en niños pequeños. Debido a razones administrativas relacionadas con el empadronamiento o la situación irregular de las familias, los habitantes también tendrían un acceso limitado a medicamentos o servicios de salud, a servicios educativos y a ayudas económicas para la alimentación.
Alleged victims: -
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19 Jul 2016
    08 Mar 2016
    Liberia
    AL
  • education
Allegation of potential adverse impact on the right to education from a proposed privatization of public schools by the Government of Liberia through a public-private partnership agreement. According to the information received, Liberia is negotiating to replace 50 public pre-primary and primary schools with schools operated by a private education provider, Bridge International Academies. The Government reportedly intends to privatize all public primary schools within five years. Concerns are raised that this may result in violations of the right to education.
Alleged victims: -
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25 May 2016
    21 Sep 2015
    Philippines
    JAL
  • indigenous peoples
  • education
Allegations concerning a government directive to close community schools and disruption of classes in Mindanao, regions XI and XII, due to systematic attacks reportedly committed by state and alleged paramilitary forces on schools. According to the information received, an official communication from the Department of Education of 12 May 2015 has instructed the closure of at least 24 community schools in Davao (region XI) and Caraga (region XIII), affecting more than 2,800 indigenous children, and their replacement by schools with military personnel as “para-teachers”. Additionally, other community schools in Mindanao have been increasingly disrupted or suspended due to alleged systematic attacks on schools and harassment of teachers, students and parents reportedly perpetrated by state and alleged paramilitary forces, often in collusion with local authorities.
Alleged victims: -
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07 Jan 2016
    22 Jun 2015
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • education
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged systematic and persistent human rights violations of individuals belonging to Shia, Christian, Ahmadi, Hindu, Sikh and Sufi minority communities in Pakistan by non-state actors, and failure of the authorities to prevent, protect and investigate those acts with due diligence. According to the information received, since 2013, a large number of attacks in the form of intimidation, forced marriage, including child marriage, forced conversion, persecution, discrimination, hostility, violence and killings, and targeting members of religious minorities have taken place. The climate of impunity is allegedly fostered by Pakistan’s blasphemy laws and anti-Ahmadi laws, which allow for heavy punishments and have been used to prosecute and punish members of religious minorities and those who attempt to defend or speak out for them. Currently, there are at least 17 individuals on death row and another 19 serving life sentences for blasphemy in Pakistan. Reference is made to previous related communications sent on 22 November 2010, see A/HRC/16/53/Add.1, paras. 326-335; on 22 March 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. PAK 3/2012; on 16 April, 22 May and 30 May 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case nos. PAK 5/2014, PAK 7/2014 and PAK 8/2014; on 23 October and 5 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case nos. PAK 11/2014 and PAK 13/2014; and on 1 December 2014, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. PAK 14/2014.
Alleged victims: 10
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21 Aug 2015
    18 Jun 2015
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • education
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the possible detrimental impact of the ongoing reform of the 1929 Child Marriage Restraint Act on the rights of women and girls in Bangladesh. According to the information received, the Government of Bangladesh is currently reforming the 1929 Child Marriage Restraint Act. It is alleged that a proposed amendment includes an exception to the current minimum age of marriage of 18 for girls and 21 for boys. The suggested provision allegedly allows for the marriage of girls from the age of 16 with the consent of parents and the agreement of the court. It is further alleged that the revised Act has not been shared with civil society. Concern is expressed regarding the aforementioned envisaged exception in the revised Act which would in effect condone and legitimize child and forced marriages.
Alleged victims: -
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22 Jun 2015
    03 Nov 2014
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • women in law and in practice
  • education
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
Allegations concerning persistence of legislation which directly or indirectly discriminates against women and girls, including provisions allowing for child marriage and polygamy. According to the information received, the 1929 Child Marriage Restraint Act, the 1872 Special Marriage Act and the 1961 Muslim Family Law Ordinance contravene international human rights law and standards in that they establish a different age for marriage for boys and girls, allow for girls to be married as young as 14 and permit polygamy. Concern is expressed that permitting girls’ marriage under the age of 18 is a discriminatory practice, rooted in prejudicial, customary or other practices based on stereotyped roles for men and women, and for boys and girls.
Alleged victims: -
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    22 Mar 2013
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • education
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of forced cessation of activities of a human rights non-governmental organization working on, inter alia, women’s rights in Gilgit-Baltistan. According to the information received, on 25 February 2013, the Home Secretary of Gilgit-Baltistan, upon reception of a letter from the Home Department of Gilgit-Baltistan, issued an order to deputy commissioners and police officers of various districts to stop all activities of AGHE-Pakistan. This decision was allegedly taken due to pressure from religious extremist groups, which had previously made threats to members of the NGO to compel them to stop working on women's rights and girls’ education. AGHE-Pakistan has reportedly been the target of a defamation campaign by sectarian and fundamentalist groups which publicly labeled the NGO as a foreign organization; a number of government agencies reportedly exerted pressure on the organization to stop various projects funded by foreign donors
Alleged victims: -
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25 Mar 2013
    12 Oct 2012
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • education
  • executions
  • violence against women
Alleged assassination attempt against an advocate for girl’s education by the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). According to information received, on 9 October, 2012 two gunmen stopped the school bus in which Ms. Malala Yousafzai was returning home from school in the Swat Valley, Pakistan, and shot her and two other girls, critically injuring Ms. Yousafzai. On 10 October, a spokesperson for the TTP claimed responsibility for the attack in a statement to national and international media, and indicated that if she survives, she, and others who preach “secularism and so called enlightened modernism” will be targeted again.
Alleged victims: 1
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27 Mar 2013
    20 Sep 2012
    Eswatini
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • education
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged excessive use of force against student protesters. According to the information received, on 16 August 2012, dozens of students attempted to conduct a protest march against cuts in provisions of scholarships. The march was reportedly stopped by heavily armed police forces, which reportedly targeted Mr. Sibusiso Dlamini, chairperson of Kwaluseni Campus of the University’s Students’ Representative Council (SRC). Police officers shot with rubber bullets to disperse student protesters, and Mr. Nkosinathi Methula and Mr. Brian Sangweni, two students, were reportedly severely injured. Mr. Bonginkhosi Dlamini, one of the students’ leaders, was also arrested during the protest and released a few hours later without any charge. On 4 September, another student march was stopped by police officers who used batons to disperse the crowd. It is reported that that these student protests follow similar demonstrations from civil servants and teachers which were also met with excessive use of force by police officers, including against pupils who joined the teachers’ strike.
Alleged victims: 4
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    09 Aug 2012
    China
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • education
  • disappearances
  • minority issues
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged systematic undermining of the autonomous functions and the rights to freedom of religion, culture and expression of the Tibetan Buddhist community. According to the information received, new management policies of the monasteries and patriotic re-education or legal education campaigns in the Tibet Autonomous Region have led to the closure of monasteries and the violation of freedom of religion or belief. Tibetans are allegedly restrained from observing certain religious holidays or celebrations. Furthermore, there have reportedly been 46 cases of self-immolation since 2009; about 600 Tibetans were detained after the first incident of self-immolation in Lhasa while several hundreds of Tibetans were expelled from Lhasa. There were also reports of the arrests of Tibetan pilgrims who attended a ten-day teaching - the Kalachakra Initiation- given by the Dalai Lama in India. As many as 64 Tibetan intellectuals, including artists, writers, singers and teachers were allegedly arrested for exercising their right to freedom of expression and participation in cultural life especially after March 2008. Allegedly, the whereabouts of 37 of the detained intellectuals, including artists, are unknown.
Alleged victims: -
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28 Sep 2012
    28 Jul 2011
    Tajikistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • education
Alleged restrictions on the rights of children and their parents to religious education. According to the information received, on 21 July 2011, the Upper Chamber of the Parliament of Tajikistan adopted the Parental Responsibility Law. Pursuant to its article 8, parents are obliged “not to let children-teenagers participate in the activity of religious organizations, with the exception of those officially enrolled in religious education.” Article 9 reportedly “bans the encouragement of children to receive education in illegal schools and education institutions as well as from individual persons who do not have permission for such activity” and requires parents “not to allow the education of adolescent children abroad without the permission of appropriate state agencies”. The Upper Chamber of the Parliament reportedly also adopted amendments to the Criminal Code on 21 July 2011. Article 160 as amended punishes organizers and participants in “unapproved gatherings, meetings, demonstrations, pickets and street processions”. Furthermore, a new article 307-4 punishes illegally teaching religious “extremist” doctrines.
Alleged victims: -
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    09 Jun 2011
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • education
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Alleged expulsion of university students following participation in protests. According to the information received, on 13 March 2011, peaceful protests took place on the campus at the University of Bahrain, Manama to commemorate a student who was killed during the recent social unrest. Forty protesters were allegedly asked to report to a university “investigation panel”. During the first two weeks of May 2011, the forty students reportedly received official expulsion letters signed by the president of the university on the basis of violations of the university’s rules of conduct, including “causing any noise within the university campus” and “protesting against the legitimate institutions and agitating against national unity”.
Alleged victims: 1
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    26 May 2011
    Israel
    JAL
  • education
  • minority issues
  • water and sanitation
  • cultural rights
Alleged threats of forced displacement and discrimination against the Bedouin of the West Bank. According to the information received, the Bedouin of the West Bank were displaced from their tribal lands in the Negev desert in 1948. They are allegedly continuously exposed to the threat of forced displacement and discrimination, and live in an area of the occupied West Bank trapped between the policies of the Government of Israel and the Palestinian Authority. They are allegedly prevented from enjoying the minimum requirements of a dignified life, including lack of access to safe drinking water and sanitation. Community representatives report that the Bedouin are no longer allowed to visit their relatives in the Negev. The rangeland and water that the Bedouin depend on for their livestock has reportedly become fragmented by the establishment of closed military areas, Israeli settlements, nature reserves, check points and the West Bank Barrier.
Alleged victims: -
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26 Oct 2011