Communication report and search
OHCHR.org

80 communications found
Date, Country,
Type and
ref. no. of
communication
Mandates Summary Replies
received
    29 Jul 2021
    Haiti
    JUA
  • mercenaries
  • executions
Informations reçues concernant l'assassinat du Président Jovenel Moise en Haïti, et les allégations de recrutement et d'utilisation de personnel d’entreprise militaires ou de sécurité privées.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    03 May 2021
    Viet Nam
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • mercenaries
Information received concerning a recent cyber-attack against the civil society organisation The Vietnamese Overseas Initiative for Conscience Empowerment (VOICE) reportedly carried out by a government-backed hacking group named Ocean Lotus.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    08 Apr 2021
    Switzerland
    JAL
  • torture
  • business
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
Informations reçues concernant des allégations de mauvais traitements commis par le personnel de sécurité appartenant aux entreprises privées, Securitas et Protectas, à l’encontre des requérants d’asile, y compris des mineurs, dans quatre centres fédéraux d’asile.
Alleged victims: 10
More details...
03 Jun 2021
    08 Apr 2021
    Securitas
    JAL
  • torture
  • business
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
Informations reçues concernant des allegations d'actes de mauvais traitements qui auraient été commis par certains employés des entreprises privées de sécurité, Securitas et Protectas, à l’encontre de requérants d’asile, y compris des mineurs, dans quatre centres fédéraux.
Alleged victims: 10
More details...
07 Jun 2021
    08 Apr 2021
    Protectas
    JAL
  • torture
  • business
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
Informations reçues concernant des allégations de mauvais traitements commis par le personnel de sécurité appartenant aux entreprises privées, Securitas et Protectas, à l’encontre des requérants d’asile, y compris des mineurs, dans quatre centres fédéraux d’asile.
Alleged victims: 10
More details...
07 Jun 2021
    26 Mar 2021
    Lobaye Invest
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
Information received concerning the recruitment and use of private military and security personnel in the context of the ongoing hostilities in the Central African Republic in support of the Central African Army Forces.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Mar 2021
    Central African Republic
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
Information received concerning the recruitment and use of private military and security personnel in the context of the ongoing hostilities in the Central African Republic in support of the Central African Army Forces.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
25 Jun 2021
25 Jun 2021
25 Jun 2021
25 Jun 2021
25 Jun 2021
    19 Mar 2021
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
Information received concerning the involvement of Russian private military and security personnel in the context of the ongoing hostilities in the Central African Republic in support of the Central African Armed Forces and their alleged involvement in international humanitarian law and human rights abuses including extrajudicial killings, enforced disappearances and torture, some of which may amount to international crimes.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
20 May 2021
    19 Mar 2021
    Mozambique
    JAL
  • internally displaced persons
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • executions
  • food
  • housing
  • mercenaries
  • older persons
Information received concerning allegations of human rights violations and mass displacement in Mozambique in the context of attacks and military operations in Cabo Delgado province.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    15 Jan 2021
    United States of America
    JUA
  • migrants
  • arbitrary Detention
  • business
  • health
  • mercenaries
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • water and sanitation
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the lack of appropriate protection measures in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, lack of access to healthcare, ill-treatment, and medical abuses, including unwarranted gynaecological surgeries performed on migrant women without their fully informed consent at the Irwin County Detention Center.
Alleged victims: 819
More details...
11 May 2021
    15 Jan 2021
    Irwin Center
    JUA
  • migrants
  • business
  • health
  • mercenaries
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • water and sanitation
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the lack of appropriate protection measures in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, lack of access to healthcare, ill-treatment, and medical abuses, including unwarranted gynaecological surgeries performed on migrant women without their fully informed consent at the Irwin County Detention Center.
Alleged victims: 819
More details...
    02 Dec 2020
    Serbia
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • health
  • migrants
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged ill-treatment and excessive use of force by private security guards on unaccompanied migrant children living in the Asylum Center in Bogovađa, which is under the overall responsibility of the Commissariat for Refugees and Migration of the Republic of Serbia.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    02 Dec 2020
    DEKAPOLIT DOO
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • health
  • migrants
  • torture
Information received concerning the alleged ill-treatment and excessive use of force by private security guards on unaccompanied migrant children living in the Asylum Center in Bogovađa, which is under the overall responsibility of the Commissariat for Refugees and Migration of the Republic of Serbia.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    06 Nov 2020
    Turkey
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • torture
Information received concerning the involvement of your Excellency’s Government in recruiting Syrian fighters to take part in military operations in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in support of Azerbaijani armed forces, resulting in the effective use of mercenaries in an armed conflict, as well as the human rights impact of this practice.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
21 Jan 2021
    06 Nov 2020
    Azerbaijan
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • torture
Information received concerning the use of Syrian fighters to take part in military operations in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in support of your Excellency’s Government armed forces, thus effectively using mercenaries in an armed conflict, as well as the human rights impact of this practice.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
09 Nov 2020
13 Nov 2020
26 Nov 2020
26 Nov 2020
    10 Jul 2020
    Steppe Gold Limited
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • mercenaries
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding allegations of physical and sexual harassment of woman human rights defender Ms. Mungunkhun Dulmaa, and lack of appropriate compensation, for her work defending the land and environmental rights of her community facing the establishment of the Steppe Gold mine in the province of Dornod.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    10 Jul 2020
    Mongolia
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • mercenaries
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding allegations of physical and sexual harassment of woman human rights defender Ms. Mungunkhun Dulmaa for her work defending the land and environmental rights of her community facing the establishment of the Steppe Gold mine in the province of Dornod.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    10 Jul 2020
    Canada
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • business
  • environment
  • housing
  • mercenaries
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received regarding allegations of physical and sexual harassment of woman human rights defender Ms. Mungunkhun Dulmaa for her work defending the land and environmental rights of her community facing the establishment of the Steppe Gold mine in the province of Dornod.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
04 Sep 2020
    10 Jun 2020
    Turkey
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • executions
  • sale of children
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations that Turkey recruited, deployed and paid fighters, including children, from several Syrian armed groups to take part in military operations in the Libyan capital Tripoli in support of the Government of National Accord, thus effectively deploying mercenaries to an armed conflict.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
17 Sep 2020
    10 Jun 2020
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations that Russian private military personnel were involved in the abduction and extrajudicial killing of Mr. Abu Ajila Ali Enbis, Mr. Muhannad Abu Ajila Ali Enbis and Mr. Hamza Ammar Juma’ Burbash and attempted killing of Mr. Husam Abu Ajila Ali Enbis and Mr. Mohammad Abu Ajila Ali Enbis near the Libyan capital Tripoli, among further reports that Russian private military personnel took direct part in hostilities near Tripoli.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
04 Aug 2020
    10 Jun 2020
    Libyan National Army Chief of Staff Office
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • torture
Information received concerning the human rights impact of the use of mercenaries and related actors in support of the Libyan National Army in the context of hostilities near Tripoli.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    10 Jun 2020
    Libya
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • sale of children
  • torture
Information received concerning the use of mercenaries and related actors in the context of hostilities near Tripoli and the human rights impact of this practice.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    08 Jun 2020
    United States of America
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • housing
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • mercenaries
  • minority issues
  • older persons
  • poverty
  • racism
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • torture
  • toxics and human rights
Information received concerning several recent killings of people of African descent in apparently State-endorsed operations in the United States
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
04 Aug 2020
    04 Jun 2020
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the role of Keenie Meenie Services Ltd. as well as UK nationals employed and/or contracted by the company, in violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law that were allegedly committed during the armed conflict in Sri Lanka between 1984 and 1988, as well as the related lack of accountability and remedies for victims.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
02 Aug 2020
    04 Jun 2020
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the role of Keenie Meenie Services Ltd. as well as UK nationals employed and/or contracted by the company, in violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law that were allegedly committed during the armed conflict in Sri Lanka between 1984 and 1988, as well as the related lack of accountability and remedies for victims.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    04 Jun 2020
    Saladin Security Limited
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • torture
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Information received concerning the role of Keenie Meenie Services Ltd. as well as UK nationals employed and/or contracted by the company, in violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law that were allegedly committed during the armed conflict in Sri Lanka between 1984 and 1988, as well as the related lack of accountability and remedies for victims.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
02 Aug 2020
02 Aug 2020
02 Aug 2020
06 Sep 2020
    22 Apr 2020
    United States of America
    JUA
  • migrants
  • business
  • health
  • mercenaries
  • torture
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the lack of necessary protection measures in light of the COVID-19 pandemic for migrants in detention, including at the Northwest Processing Center (NWPC) in Tacoma, Washington
Alleged victims: 1500
More details...
21 Sep 2020
    22 Apr 2020
    The GEO Group Inc.
    JUA
  • migrants
  • business
  • health
  • mercenaries
  • torture
  • water and sanitation
Information received concerning the lack of necessary protection measures in light of the COVID-19 pandemic for migrants in detention, including at the Northwest Processing Center (NWPC) in Tacoma, Washington
Alleged victims: 1500
More details...
    02 Apr 2019
    Australia
    JAL
  • health
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
  • torture
Information received concerning the continued effective confinement of, and inappropriate access to health care by, the asylum seekers and refugees who remain in Australia’s custody in its offshore facilities in Nauru and on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea.
Alleged victims: 1000
More details...
03 Jun 2019
    23 Jan 2019
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • international order
  • mercenaries
Information received concerning the killing of three Russian journalists, Mr. Orkhan Djemal, Mr. Alexander Rastorguev; and Mr. Kirill Radchenko, in the Central African Republic.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
12 Apr 2019
    23 Jan 2019
    Central African Republic
    JAL
  • Central African Republic
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • international order
  • mercenaries
Information received concerning the killing of three Russian journalists, Mr. Orkhan Djemal, Mr. Alexander Rastorguev; and Mr. Kirill Radchenko, in the Central African Republic.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    04 Jan 2019
    Australia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the risk of arbitrary deprivation of life and violations of other human rights of foreign nationals, including possibly Australian nationals, facing prosecution and trials for offences carrying capital punishment under Iraq’s Anti-Terrorism Law no. 13, in relation to their alleged membership in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
27 Feb 2019
    17 Dec 2018
    Armenia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the risk of arbitrary deprivation of life and violations of other human rights of foreign nationals, including possibly Armenian nationals, facing prosecution and trials for offences carrying capital punishment under Iraq’s Anti-Terrorism Law no. 13, in relation to their alleged membership in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
04 Oct 2019
    13 Dec 2018
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • terrorism
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant le risque de privation arbitraire de la vie, ainsi que d’autres violations des droits de l’Homme, encourus par les ressortissants etrangers, dont un certain nombre serait de Tunisie, poursuivis en Irak.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Feb 2019
    28 Nov 2018
    Iraq
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the risk of arbitrary deprivation of life and violations of other human rights of foreign nationals facing prosecution and trials for offences carrying the capital punishment under Iraq’s Anti-Terrorism Law no. 13 of 2005, in relation to their alleged membership in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Alleged victims: 40000
More details...
30 Jan 2019
    21 Nov 2018
    Canada
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the risk of arbitrary deprivation of life and violations of other human rights of foreign nationals, including possibly Canadian nationals, facing prosecution and trials for offences carrying capital punishment under Iraq’s Anti-Terrorism Law no.13, in relation to their alleged membership in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
08 Feb 2019
    15 Oct 2018
    Belgium
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • terrorism
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant le risque de privation arbitraire de la vie, ainsi que d’autres violations des droits de l’homme, encourus par les ressortissants belges poursuivis en Iraq
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Dec 2018
21 Dec 2018
    12 Oct 2018
    United States of America
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • business
  • disability
  • food
  • health
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • slavery
  • torture
Information received concerning the increased use of immigration detention and the human rights violations committed at the Stewart Immigration Detention Center and the Irwin County Immigration Detention Center, which are privately run by for-profit prison companies “CoreCivic Inc.” and “LaSalle Southwest Corrections”, respectively.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    12 Oct 2018
    LaSalle Corrections
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • food
  • health
  • migrants
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • slavery
  • torture
Information received concerning human rights violations committed at the Irwin Immigration Detention Center, including the lack of provision of adequate food and water, lack of adequate health care, racial and religious discrimination, solitary confinement as a form of punishment, which may be amounting to cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment, violations of due process guarantees and violations of the right to maintain a family life.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    12 Oct 2018
    CoreCivic Inc.
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • business
  • food
  • health
  • migrants
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • slavery
  • torture
Information received concerning human rights violations committed at the Stewart Immigration Detention Center, including the lack of provision of adequate food and water, the lack of adequate health care, racial and religious discrimination, forced labor, solitary confinement as a form of punishment, which may be amounting to cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment, violations of the right to life, of due process guarantees and of the right to maintain a family life.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    08 Oct 2018
    France
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • terrorism
  • torture
Informations reçues concernant le risque de privation arbitraire de la vie, ainsi que d’autres violations des droits de l’homme, encouru par les ressortissants français poursuivis en Irak, en vertu de la Loi anti-terrorisme n° 13, pour appartenance présumée à l’Etat islamique d’Irak et du Levant (Daech).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Dec 2018
    14 Sep 2018
    United States of America
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the risk of arbitrary deprivation of lives of nationals of the United States of America prosecuted and sentenced to death by the Iraqi authorities, or facing or awaiting trial or execution, in relation to their alleged membership of with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and offences under Iraq’s Anti-Terrorism Law no.13.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 Sep 2018
    Kyrgyzstan
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • mercenaries
Information received concerning the risk of arbitrary deprivation of life and violations of other human rights of nationals of Kyrgyzstan facing prosecution and trials for offences carrying capital punishment under Iraq’s Anti-Terrorism Law no. 13, in relation to their alleged membership in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)..
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    03 Sep 2018
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • terrorism
  • torture
Information received concerning the risk of arbitrary deprivation of lives of nationals of the Russian Federation prosecuted and sentenced to death by the Iraqi authorities, or facing or awaiting trial or execution, in relation to their alleged membership of with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and offences under Iraq’s Anti-Terrorism Law no.13.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Oct 2018
    31 Aug 2018
    Turkey
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • mercenaries
Information received concerning the risk of arbitrary deprivation of lives of nationals of the United States of America prosecuted and sentenced to death by the Iraqi authorities, or facing or awaiting trial or execution, in relation to their alleged membership of with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and offences under Iraq’s Anti-Terrorism Law no.13.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
17 Dec 2018
    28 Aug 2018
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • mercenaries
Information received concerning the risk of arbitrary deprivation of lives of British nationals prosecuted and sentenced to death by the Iraqi authorities, or facing or awaiting trial or execution, in relation to their alleged membership of with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and offences under Iraq’s Anti-Terrorism Law no.13.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
13 Nov 2018
    28 May 2018
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • mercenaries
Information received concerning the death of investigative journalist Maxim Borodin following the publication of his investigative work on mercenaries connected to the Wagner Group.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
28 Jun 2018
    01 Jun 2016
    Nauru
    JUA
  • health
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
  • torture
  • business
Information received concerning the deteriorating health condition of Mr. Milad Zonar Saghar, Ms. Nages Alizadeh, Mr. Daryosh Alizadeh, Mr. Jabar Hamvadi and Mr. Mosa Hamvadi while being based at the Regional Processing Centre on Nauru.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    01 Jun 2016
    Broadspectrum
    JUA
  • health
  • business
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
  • torture
Information received concerning the deteriorating health condition of Mr. Milad Zonar Saghar, Ms. Nages Alizadeh, Mr. Daryosh Alizadeh, Mr. Jabar Hamdavi and Mr. Mosa Hamdavi while being based at the Regional Processing Centre on Nauru.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
16 Jun 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
04 Oct 2016
    01 Jun 2016
    Australia
    JUA
  • health
  • mercenaries
  • migrants
  • torture
  • business
Information received concerning the deteriorating health condition of Mr. Milad Zonar Saghar, Ms. Nages Alizadeh, Mr. Daryosh Alizadeh, Mr. Jabar Hamdavi and Mr. Mosa Hamdavi while being based at the Regional Processing Centre on Nauru.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
29 Jun 2016
14 Jul 2016
    12 Nov 2015
    Papua New Guinea
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • torture
  • mercenaries
Allegations of undue restrictions, harassment, intimidation and retaliation against human rights defenders and journalists documenting, and reporting on the situation of asylum seekers held at immigration detention facilities at Manus Island. According to the information received, these human rights defenders and journalists are documenting and reporting on the conditions of detention and allegations of ill-treatment in these centres, which may amount to torture A communication with the same content is being addressed to the Governments of Australia and Nauru, see above, case no. AUS 6/2015 and case no. NRU 2/2015 respectively.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    12 Nov 2015
    Nauru
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • torture
  • mercenaries
Allegations of undue restrictions, harassment, intimidation and retaliation against human rights defenders and journalists documenting, and reporting on the situation of asylum seekers held at immigration detention facilities in Nauru. According to the information received, these human rights defenders and journalists are documenting and reporting on the conditions of detention, and allegations of ill-treatment in these centres, which may amount to torture. A communication with the same content is being addressed to the Governments of Australia, see above, case no. AUS 6/2015, and Papua New Guinea, see below, case no. PNG 1/2015.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    12 Nov 2015
    Australia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • torture
  • mercenaries
Allegations of undue restrictions, harassment, intimidation and retaliation against human rights defenders and journalists documenting, and reporting on the situation of asylum seekers held at immigration detention facilities under the control of the Government of Australia. According to the information received, these human rights defenders and journalists are documenting and reporting on the conditions of detention and allegations of ill-treatment in these centres, which may amount to torture. They are also reporting on the impact of the adoption of the Border Force Act, which includes provisions leading to the potential criminalization of journalists and human rights defenders, as well as restrictions to the right to freedom of expression. A communication with the same content is being addressed to the Governments of Nauru and Papua New Guinea, see below, case no. NRU 2/2015 and case no. PNG 1/2015 respectively.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Jan 2016
15 Jan 2016
    07 Jul 2015
    Other actors
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • environment
  • business
Alleged beating, abduction and murder of environmental human rights defenders by private security guards hired by a subsidiary pulpwood supplier company in Indonesia. According to the information received, on 27 February 2015, Mr. Indra Pelani and Mr. Nick Karim engaged in an argument with private security officers at a checkpoint owned by Wira Karya Sakti, a subsidiary pulpwood supplier company of Asia Pulp and Paper – Sinar Mas Group. It is alleged that the argument became violent and that subsequently, Mr. Pelani was severely beaten by the private security officers while Mr. Karim managed to flee and seek help. When Mr. Karim returned with around 30 local villagers, Mr. Pelani had disappeared and the security guard on duty denied all knowledge of the incident. On 28 February 2015, Mr. Pelani’s body tied with rope and his mouth stuffed with a T-shirt was discovered during a police search over five kilometres from the site of the attack. Mr. Pelani worked closely with Friends of the Earth Indonesia and was a member of the Tebo Farmers Union. A similar communication on this case was also sent to the Government of Indonesia on 7 July 2015, see above, case no. IDN 3/2015.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
23 Jul 2015
    07 Jul 2015
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • environment
  • business
Alleged beating, abduction and murder of environmental human rights defenders by private security guards hired by a subsidiary pulpwood supplier company in Indonesia. According to the information received, on 27 February 2015, Mr. Indra Pelani and Mr. Nick Karim engaged in an argument with private security officers at a checkpoint owned by Wira Karya Sakti, a subsidiary pulpwood supplier company of Asia Pulp and Paper – Sinar Mas Group. It is alleged that the argument became violent and that subsequently, Mr. Pelani was severely beaten by the private security officers while Mr. Karim managed to flee and seek help. When Mr. Karim returned with around 30 local villagers, Mr. Pelani had disappeared and the security guard on duty denied all knowledge of the incident. On 28 February 2015, Mr. Pelani’s body tied with rope and his mouth stuffed with a T-shirt was discovered during a police search over five kilometres from the site of the attack. Mr. Pelani worked closely with Friends of the Earth Indonesia and was a member of the Tebo Farmers Union. A similar communication on this case has also been sent to Asia Pulp and Paper, see below, case no. OTH 3/2015.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    17 Nov 2014
    Papua New Guinea
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • torture
  • mercenaries
Alleged acts of intimidation and ill-treatment of two asylum-seekers, one a human rights defender of asylum seekers’ rights and the other a witness to the violent incidents that took place between 16 and 18 February 2014 in Manus Regional Processing Centre, Papua New Guinea. According to the information received, on 14 July 2014, two asylum-seekers were held incommunicado in the Manus Regional Processing Centre, an immigration detention centre whose security is operated by a private company contracted by the Australian Government, for three and four days respectively, tied to chairs and threatened with physical violence, rape and criminal prosecution if they refused to retract the statements they had made regarding the violent incidents of February 2014. Concern is expressed at the alleged ill-treatment of the two asylum-seekers and their physical and psychological integrity in the Centre. The violence surrounding the protests in February 2014 and the situation of asylum-seekers in the Manus Regional Processing Centre were the subject of two previous communications dated 27 March 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case nos. PNG 2/2014 and AUS 1/2014.
Alleged victims: 2
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    17 Nov 2014
    Australia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • torture
  • mercenaries
Alleged acts of intimidation and ill-treatment of two asylum-seekers, one a human rights defender of asylum seekers’ rights and the other a witness to the violent incidents that took place between 16 and 18 February 2014 in Manus Regional Processing Centre, Papua New Guinea. According to the information received, on 14 July 2014, two asylum-seekers were held incommunicado in the Centre for three and four days respectively, tied to chairs and threatened with physical violence, rape and criminal prosecution if they refused to retract the statements they had made regarding the violent incidents of February 2014. Concern is expressed at the alleged ill-treatment of the two asylum-seekers and their physical and psychological integrity in the Centre. The violence surrounding the protests in February 2014 and the situation of asylum-seekers in the Manus Regional Processing Centre were the subject of two previous communications dated 27 March 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case nos. PNG 2/2014 and AUS 1/2014.
Alleged victims: 2
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16 Dec 2014
    05 May 2014
    Other actors
    JAL
  • indigenous peoples
  • mercenaries
  • housing
  • food
  • health
  • poverty
  • foreign debt
  • water and sanitation
  • international order
  • business
Letter related to the review of the Environmental and Social Policy and Public Information Policy of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). The communication calls upon the EBRD to include more explicitly its commitment to human rights in its good governance policies, including by making reference to the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and its due diligence framework. It urges the EBRD to clarify that it will refrain from financing projects that would result in human rights violations or have serious negative human rights impacts and provides suggestions as to how its draft policies could be improved.
Alleged victims: -
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22 May 2014
    02 Apr 2014
    United Republic of Tanzania
    JAL
  • indigenous peoples
  • torture
  • mercenaries
Alleged beatings of three Maasai pastoralists of Sukenya Village, an area subject to ongoing dispute regarding access. According to the information received, Sukenya Farm constitutes the ancestral territory of Maasai pastoralists from both Sukenya and Mondorosi villages. The land has been traditionally used by these pastoralists for grazing livestock, accessing important water sources and for moving between villages and sub-villages. Since 2006, the Maasai have not been able to access this land and resources freely as Sukenya Farm’s leasehold was sold by Tanzania Breweries Limited (TBL) to Tanzania Conservation Limited (TCL) for tourism purposes. TCL is owned by a locally incorporated company called Thomson Safaris Company (TSC). Thomson Safaris is a subsidiary of Wineland-Thomson Adventures Inc. based in Boston, United States of America. It is alleged that in the past years, agents and employees including private security guards of Thomson Safaris have been exerting pressure on Maasai pastoralists to leave the Sukenya Farm area. Maasai pastoralists are alleged to have been subjected to forcible evictions, beatings (including Munjaa son of Musa, Kendo son of Maiwa, and Naboye Ngukwo of Sukenya Village), and arrests and detentions when they have attempted to access Sukenya Farm.
Alleged victims: 3
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    27 Mar 2014
    United States of America
    AL
  • mercenaries
Alleged risk of violation of the right to a remedy. According to the information received, Mr. Taha Yaseen Arraq Rashid, Mr. Asa’ad Hamza Hanfoosh Al-Zuba’e and Mr. Suhail Najim Abdullah Al Shimari, were prevented from travelling to the U.S. to participate in their lawsuit against a private military contractor concerning alleged torture and ill-treatment at Abu Ghraib in Iraq. The three men were all granted visas to travel to the U.S. on a flight scheduled for 15 March 2013, but were informed right before departure that the U.S. authorities would not permit them to board the flight. The three men risked the dismissal of their case if they were unable to appear for deposition in the U.S. The case was subsequently dismissed in June 2013 on the basis that the court did not have jurisdiction as the alleged abuses occurred overseas. Concerns are raised at the risk of violation of the right to a remedy due to the three men being prohibited from boarding their flight to participate in their lawsuit and at the subsequent dismissal of their case. Further questions are raised concerning the court decision on which the case dismissal was based. An earlier communication dated 31 May 2013 was transmitted to the U.S. Government to which no response was received.
Alleged victims: 3
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30 Sep 2014
    27 Mar 2014
    Papua New Guinea
    JAL
  • migrants
  • executions
  • torture
  • mercenaries
  • health
Allegations concerning the indefinite detention of asylum seekers, the detention of children, the detention conditions and the violent response to protests against these conditions. According to the information received, at the end of January 2014, asylum seekers at the Manus Island Regional Processing Centre staged protests about their conditions. On17 and 18 February 2014, protests violently escalated in the Manus Island Regional Processing Centre. The G4S security guards (the private company providing security at the detention facility) allegedly responded with excessive use of force when protests escalated. It is alleged that the Papua New Guinea police responded with gun fire. This left one man dead and at least 53 asylum seekers injured. The Manus Island Regional Processing Centre is a closed detention centre which was set up pursuant to the adoption of the Regional Resettlement Arrangement in 2013 between Australia and Papua New Guinea.
Alleged victims: 1
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    27 Mar 2014
    Australia
    JAL
  • migrants
  • executions
  • torture
  • mercenaries
  • health
Allegations concerning the indefinite detention of asylum seekers, the detention of children, the detention conditions and the violent response to protests against these conditions. According to the information received, at the end of January 2014, asylum seekers at the Manus Island Regional Processing Centre staged protests about their conditions. On17 and 18 February 2014, protests violently escalated in the Manus Island Regional Processing Centre. The G4S security guards (the private company providing security at the detention facility) allegedly responded with excessive use of force when protests escalated. It is alleged that the Papua New Guinea police responded with gun fire. This left one man dead and at least 53 asylum seekers injured. The Manus Island Regional Processing Centre is a closed detention centre which was set up pursuant to the adoption of the Regional Resettlement Arrangement in 2013 between Australia and Papua New Guinea.
Alleged victims: 1
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26 May 2014
19 Dec 2014
    14 Nov 2013
    United Republic of Tanzania
    JAL
  • indigenous peoples
  • mercenaries
Alleged forcible eviction and other alleged human rights violations affecting indigenous Maasai pastoralists. According to the information received, Sukenya Farm is a locality encompassing approximately 12,617 acres in the Loliondo Division, Ngorongoro District, in the Arusha Region. Reportedly, Sukenya Farm is a large grazing area that constitutes part of the ancestral territories of Maasai pastoralists. Maasai groups have used this territory to carry out their traditional activities including grazing cattle and accessing important water sources. In 1984, the Government of Tanzania in conjunction with the Ngorongoro District Council allocated 10,000 acres within the then Soitsambu village to the parastatal company Tanzanian Breweries Limited (TBL). Subsequently, in 2006, TBL sold its remaining 96-year leasehold to a tourism company known as Tanzania Conservation Limited (TCL). It is reported that since the 2006 evictions, private security guards connected to TCL and local police have continually subjected Maasai pastoralists to acts of intimidation, harassment, and beatings when they have attempted to graze their cattle or access water points in the disputed land area.
Alleged victims: -
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    27 Aug 2013
    Honduras
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • indigenous peoples
  • executions
  • mercenaries
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • business
Presunto asesinato, amenazas y otros actos intimidatorios en contra de defensores de derechos medio-ambientales, derechos a la tierra, y derechos de los pueblos indígenas. Según las alegaciones, el 22 de mayo de 2013, Nahum Ricardo Domínguez habría sido el objeto de un acto intimidatorio después de dar unas conferencias de prensa. El 24 de mayo de 2013, Berta Cáceres y Tomás Gómez Membreño, defensores de los derechos del pueblo indígena lenca, habrían sido detenidos en una operación militar. El 15 de julio de 2013, el dirigente indígena lenca Tomás García habría sido asesinado por el Ejército Hondureño durante una manifestación. El 24 de julio de 2013, la comunidad de La Nueva Esperanza habría sido objeto de actos intimidatorios y habrían sido secuestrados temporalmente dos defensores que realizaban labores de acompañamiento internacional a dicha comunidad.
Alleged victims: 11
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20 Sep 2013
    18 Jun 2013
    Honduras
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • executions
  • mercenaries
Alegaciones de asesinato del Sr. Valentín Avelar Caravante, Sr. Celso Victorino Ruiz Martínez, y Sra. Marilú Miranda Orellana, y lesiones de gravedad sufridas por los Sres. Adolfo Melgar ySantos Aníbal Melgar Vargas. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 17 de mayo de 2013, guardias de seguridad de la Compañía Azucarera Hondureña (CAHSA), habrían disparado contra campesinos del Movimiento Campesino de San Manuel (MOCSAM) en San Manuel, Valle de Sula, cuando intentaban entrar en las tierras expropiadas de manera supuestamente ilegal. Además, se indica que después de estos acontecimientos, el 20 de mayo de 2013, cuatro personas habrían asesinado a la Sra. Marilú Miranda Orellana, miembro del MOCSAM, mientras salía de su casa.
Alleged victims: 5
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    31 May 2013
    United States of America
    JAL
  • torture
  • mercenaries
Alleged risk of violation of the right to a remedy. According to the information received, Mr. Taha Yaseen Arraq Rashid, Mr. Asa’ad Hamza Hanfoosh Al-Zuba’e and Mr. Suhail Najim Abdullah Al Shimari, were prevented from travelling to the United States of America (U.S.) to participate in their lawsuit against a private military contractor concerning alleged torture and ill-treatment at Abu Ghraib in Iraq. The three men were all granted visas to travel to the U.S. on a flight scheduled for 15 March 2013, but were informed just before departure that the U.S. authorities would not permit them to board the flight. The three men risked the dismissal of their case if they were unable to appear for deposition in the U.S. The case was subsequently dismissed in June 2013 on the basis that the court did not have jurisdiction as the alleged abuses occurred overseas. Concerns are raised at the risk of violation of the right to a remedy. An earlier communication on the same subject was sent on 31 May 2013, see A/HRC/24/21 case no. USA 6/2013.
Alleged victims: -
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    31 Oct 2012
    Honduras
    JAL
  • executions
  • mercenaries
Presunta violación del derecho de los pueblos a la libre determinación en el contexto de una supuesta represión contra campesinos y miembros de organizaciones de derecho a la tierra por parte de miembros de fuerzas de seguridad y de seguridad privada. Según las informaciones recibidas, fuerzas de seguridad del Estado y de la policía llevaron a cabo diversas operaciones de forma conjunta con agentes de seguridad privada que trabajan para empresas de palma africana en la región de Bajo Aguán, Colón. Según se informa, desde enero de 2010 hasta finales de julio de 2011, se han producido 39 asesinatos que testigos atribuyen a los guardias de seguridad de plantaciones de palma. Las fuentes también afirman que tan solo el mes de agosto de 2011, se produjo una serie de otros 16 asesinatos relacionados. De acuerdo con la información recibida, los guardias de seguridad de las plantaciones de palma están implicados en ataques armados contra comunidades, en tiroteos desde coches, secuestros y torturas. El 22 de septiembre de 2012 el Sr. Antonio Trejo, abogado que representaba a campesinos en la defensa de sus tierras en el Bajo Aguán, fue asesinado por pistoleros desconocidos en Tegucigalpa.
Alleged victims: -
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    02 Oct 2012
    Colombia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • mercenaries
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Posible adopción por el Congreso de la República del “Proyecto de acto legislativo por el cual se reforman los artículos 116, 152 y 221 de la Constitución Política de Colombia” (Fuero Penal Militar), el cual podría afectar seriamente el Estado de Derecho y la lucha contra la impunidad en Colombia.
Alleged victims: -
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30 Oct 2012
30 Oct 2012
    21 Sep 2012
    Liberia
    JAL
  • executions
  • mercenaries
Alleged violation of the right of peoples to self-determination in the context of Liberian mercenaries’ attacks on civilians in Côte d’Ivoire. According to the information received, Liberian mercenaries have been involved in attacks against civilians in Côte d’Ivoire, along the border with Liberia. On 13 April 2011, Liberian authorities captured in eastern Liberia a Liberian mercenary, Mr X, who allegedly helped to orchestrate two massacres in Côte d’Ivoire. Mr X reportedly acknowledged that he was hired as a mercenary to fight in support of the previous government of Laurent Gbagbo. Despite this admission, Mr. X was released on bail by the Monrovia Circuit Court on 1 February 2012. In January 2012, Liberian police arrested 73 Ivorians and one Liberian person identified as a mercenary recruiter near Liberia’s border with Côte d’Ivoire, suspected of planning an attack on Côte d’Ivoire. Reportedly, all detainees were released on 20 February 2012. On 24 April 2012, a group of approximately 20 Ivorian and Liberian men attacked the Ivorian village of Sakré. Seven civilians were killed, two were injured, several houses were destroyed and more than 3000 civilians fled to nearby villages. Reportedly, Ivorian forces managed to capture four Ivorian attackers. In June 2012, seven UN peacekeepers were killed in Côte d’Ivoire by unidentified militia fighters near the Liberian border. It has been alleged that mercenaries were involved in the attack.
Alleged victims: -
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    08 Dec 2011
    United States of America
    AL
  • mercenaries
Alleged impact on human rights compliance and accountability for human rights violations of proposed new legislation and recent domestic court decisions. According to the information received, although the Status of Forces Agreement between the United States and Iraq will expire on 31 December 2011, some U.S. private military and security companies will remain in the country. The legal status and accountability of PMSCs in Iraq and elsewhere is unclear. The Civilian Extraterritorial Jurisdiction Act, which would extend United States jurisdiction over PMSC employees that commit certain crimes while working for the United States abroad, contains a carve-out for authorised intelligence activities that undermines the possibility of comprehensive criminal accountability for PMSC employees involved in serious human rights violations. Also according to information received, several recent United States court cases directly relate to, or potentially affect, contractor accountability: Kiobel v. Royal Dutch Petroleum, Minneci v. Pollard, Al-Quraishi v. Nakhla, Al Shimari v. CACI, Saleh v. Titan and Mohamed v. Jeppeson Dataplan.
Alleged victims: -
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01 Jun 2012
    29 Jul 2011
    Colombia
    AL
  • mercenaries
Alegación que el “Acuerdo complementario para la Cooperación y Asistencia Técnica en Defensa y Seguridad entre los Gobiernos de la República de Colombia y de los Estados Unidos de América” puede afectar negativamente a los derechos humanos y obstaculizar el ejercicio del derecho de los pueblos a la libre determinación. Según la información recibida, la Corte Constitucional de Colombia decidió el 10 de agosto de 2010 que el Acuerdo complementario para la Cooperación y Asistencia Técnica en Defensa y Seguridad entre los Gobiernos de la República de Colombia y de los Estados Unidos de América, firmado el pasado 30 de octubre 2009, fue inconstitucional por no haber sido aprobado por el Parlamento colombiano. A la luz de las nuevas informaciones recibidas, el grupo de Trabajo quisiera preguntar sobre la situación jurídica del Acuerdo, en particular si las empresas militares y de seguridad contratadas en virtud del Acuerdo siguen operando en Colombia y sobre qué base legal. La carta actual también se refirió a alegaciones abordadas en dos cartas enviadas el 19 de noviembre de 2009 y el 30 abril de 2010 (vea A/HRC/15/25/Add.1 p. 5, párr. 16 – 19) en las cuales se señaló información en relación con el Acuerdo, en particular sobre los temas que se refieren a los contratistas y empleados de contratistas definidos en el artículo I, literales d y e, del Acuerdo.
Alleged victims: -
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    13 May 2011
    United States of America
    AL
    USA 7/2011
  • mercenaries
Follow-up to earlier communication (see A/HRC/7/7/Add.1, para 84), concerning Mr. Luis Posada Carriles, who had been accused of mercenary-related acts of terrorism and was then in U.S. custody on immigration-related charges.
Alleged victims: 1
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    18 Mar 2011
    United States of America
    JAL
    USA 3/2011
  • executions
  • mercenaries
Follow-up to a communication sent on 12 July 2010, which asked for clarification as to the precise identity and chain of command of the Afghan Special Guards in light of information indicating that the Afghan Special Guards are an Afghan private entity operating as a security company working with or led by American Special Forces in Afghanistan, or armed international intelligence services (see A/HRC/17/28/Add.1 page 397 and A/HRC/15/25/Add.1, paras.64-67).
Alleged victims: -
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    18 Mar 2011
    Afghanistan
    JAL
    AFG 2/2011
  • executions
  • mercenaries
Follow-up to a communication dated 17 July 2009, which requested information on reports of a shooting incident on 29 June 2009 involving armed Afghan Special Guards (see A/HRC/14/24/Add.1, page 13 and A/HRC/15/25/Add.1, paras. 5 and 6).
Alleged victims: -
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    23 Feb 2011
    Libya
    JUA
    LBY 1/2011
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • executions
  • torture
  • mercenaries
  • disappearances
Alleged excessive use of force against protesters. According to the information received, security forces used live ammunition against demonstrators in the cities of al-Bayda and Benghazi in the context of peaceful demonstrations. The authorities allegedly enlisted the assistance of =mercenaries‘ brought in from other countries. The death toll between 17 and 23 February 2011 was at least 233 people. The following were allegedly killed: Naji Jumaa Jordane Al Kawafi, aged 18; Motaz Abdel Ati Al Darouqi, aged 19; Hamad Al Allam, aged 27; Faouzi Hussein Al Sabiri, aged 36; Marwan Al Shattat, aged 20; Mohamed Salem Boujnah, aged 21; Idris Ali Raslan Al Maghribi, aged 13; Rami Saleh Al Maghribi, aged 18; Moayed Fathi Boujlaoui, aged 26; Mohamed Abdeladim Al Saiti; Aboubakr Fathi Al Tachani; Ahmed Kamal Al Chahini; and Salem Abou Madi. The following human rights defenders and activists, including their family members, were reportedly arrested and their fates and whereabouts remained unknown: Mr. Al Mahdi Saleh Hmeed, Mr. Sadek Saleh Hmeed, Mr. Ali Saleh Hmeed and Mr. Fredj Saleh Hmeed. In addition, Mr. Mohamed Srit, and Mr. Fathi Tarbal were arrested and subsequently released. Unconfirmed reports indicate that 17 activists, lawyers and former political prisoners were arrested, including Mr. Abdelhafuz Ghogha, a prominent human rights lawyer. The authorities reportedly cut all landline and wireless means of communication in the country and blocked websites, including the Al-Jazeera website, as well as social networking sites.
Alleged victims: 7
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    16 Feb 2011
    Honduras
    JUA
    HND 2/2011
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • mercenaries
Supuestas amenazas dirigidas a abogados. Según la información recibida, el Sr. Dionisio Díaz García, que trabajaba como abogado en la Asociación para una Sociedad más Justa (ASJ), fue asesinado el 4 de diciembre de 2006. Desde entonces, otros miembros de la ASJ habrían recibido amenazas. El 31 de enero de 2011, una abogada de la ASJ habría recibido amenazas por mensaje de texto en su teléfono móvil. La misma abogada habría recibido en septiembre 2010 varias advertencias por parte de empleados del Ministerio del Trabajo según las cuales el vicepresidente del Ministerio de Trabajo habría mostrado interés en su trabajo de investigación y que debería tener cuidado. La ASJ fue objeto de comunicaciones anteriores (ver A/HRC/4/37/Add.1, para 309, A/HRC/7/28/Add.1, paras. 1007,1014, 1019 y 1043, A/HRC/4/25/Add.1, para 168, A/HRC/17/27/Add.1, para 829).
Alleged victims: 1
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    19 Jan 2011
    Liberia
    AL
    LBR 1/2011
  • mercenaries
Alleged recruitment of mercenaries by the Defence and Security Forces of Cote d’Ivoire. According to the information received, clashes have taken place in Cote d‘Ivoire and in particular in the capital Abidjan since the elections of 28 November 2010. Liberian mercenaries reportedly participated in the clashes in the streets of Abidjan and were reportedly recruited to target certain groups in the population. According to certain sources, the Defence and Security Forces (FDS) allegedly led a harassment campaign against supporters of the Rassemblement des Houphouétistes pour la Démocratie et la Paix (RHDP) and mercenaries were allegedly seen amongst the ranks of the FDS
Alleged victims: -
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    19 Jan 2011
    Côte d'Ivoire
    AL
    CIV 1/2011
  • mercenaries
Allégation de recrutement de mercenaires. Selon les informations reçues, depuis les élections du 28 novembre 2010, des affrontements ont eu lieu dans le pays et notamment dans la capitale. Des mercenaires libériens auraient participé à ces affrontements dans les rues d‘Abidjan et auraient été recrutés pour s‘attaquer à certains groupes dans la population. Selon certaines sources, les Forces de Défense et de Sécurité (FDS) auraient mené une campagne de harcèlement contre les partisans du Rassemblement des Houphouétistes pour la Démocratie et la Paix (RHDP) et des mercenaires auraient été aperçus parmi les rangs des FDS.
Alleged victims: -
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    20 Dec 2010
    Israel
    AL
    ISR 15/2010
  • mercenaries
Alleged training of paramilitary groups and drug cartels. According to the information received, Mr. Yair Klein, a former Lieutenant-Colonel in the Israel Defence Force, had established a private military and security company that trained right-wing paramilitary groups and drug cartels involved in killings in Colombia during the 1980s. In 2001, he was tried in absentia by the Criminal Court of the Manizales District in Colombia, found guilty of providing training to paramilitary groups and drug traffickers, and sentenced to fourteen years‘ imprisonment. Mr. Klein was arrested in Moscow in August 2007 and the Colombian authorities sought his extradition. However, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the extradition would violate art. 3 of the European Convention of Human Rights. According to reports, Mr. Klein was released from prison in Moscow and returned to Israel in November 2010.
Alleged victims: 1
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    20 Dec 2010
    Colombia
    AL
    COL 21/2010
  • mercenaries
Alleged training of paramilitary groups and drug cartels. According to the information received, Mr. Yair Klein, a former Lieutenant-Colonel in the Israel Defence Force, had established a private military and security company that trained right-wing paramilitary groups and drug cartels involved in killings in Colombia during the 1980s. In 2001, he was tried in absentia by the Criminal Court of the Manizales District in Colombia, found guilty of providing training to paramilitary groups and drug traffickers, and sentenced to fourteen years‘ imprisonment. Mr. Klein was arrested in Moscow in August 2007 and the Colombian authorities sought his extradition. However, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the extradition would violate art. 3 of the European Convention of Human Rights. According to reports, Mr. Klein was released from prison in Moscow and returned to Israel in November 2010.
Alleged victims: 1
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