Communication report and search
OHCHR.org

54 communications found
Date, Country,
Type and
ref. no. of
communication
Mandates Summary Replies
received
    16 Oct 2020
    Mauritania
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Informations reçues concernant l’arrêt de la Cour de cassation qui a réduit la condamnation d'un père pour viol commis sur ses six filles.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    30 Sep 2020
    Kenya
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • albinism
  • education
  • health
  • poverty
  • slavery
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the annual child marriage ceremonies, the most recent ones having reportedly taken place in March and September 2020, in Bunisa, Marsabit region of Kenya, where reportedly hundreds of underage couples have been married in traditional ceremonies.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Sep 2020
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • trafficking in persons
  • disappearances
  • executions
  • migrants
  • sale of children
  • slavery
  • torture
Información recibida en relación con las desapariciones de 73 migrantes que se dirigían de Venezuela a las islas de Curazao y Trinidad y Tobago en tres embarcaciones distintas durante el periodo comprendido entre abril y julio 2019
Alleged victims: 73
More details...
    14 Sep 2020
    Trinidad and Tobago
    JAL
  • trafficking in persons
  • executions
  • migrants
  • sale of children
  • slavery
  • torture
Information received regarding the disappearance of 58 Venezuelan migrants who were travelling from Venezuela to Trinidad and Tobago in two different boats, in the period between April and June 2019.
Alleged victims: 73
More details...
    14 Sep 2020
    Netherlands
    JAL
  • trafficking in persons
  • executions
  • migrants
  • sale of children
  • slavery
  • torture
Information received regarding the disappearance of 15 Venezuelan migrants who were travelling from Venezuela to Curacao on a boat in June 2019. A similar letter has been sent to the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
Alleged victims: 73
More details...
13 Nov 2020
    01 Sep 2020
    Somalia
    JOL
  • Somalia
  • health
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • slavery
  • torture
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the draft bill on “Sexual Intercourse Related Crimes”.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Jun 2020
    United States of America
    JAL
  • slavery
  • business
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Contemporary forms of slavery, forced labour and trafficking in human beings are allegedly facilitated by technologies that are available on the online platforms owned by Google, as well as other private companies, such as Apple and Facebook. In Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, these online applications serve as marketing platforms that allow online users to trade migrant women and girls as housemaids. The women and girls, mostly from South East Asian, South Asian and African countries, are working and living in private households, often in slavery-like situations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
09 Feb 2021
    19 Jun 2020
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • slavery
  • business
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Contemporary forms of slavery, forced labour and trafficking in human beings are allegedly facilitated by technologies that are available on the online platforms owned by Google, as well as other private companies, such as Apple and Facebook. In Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, these online applications serve as marketing platforms that allow online users to trade migrant women and girls as housemaids. The women and girls, mostly from South East Asian, South Asian and African countries, are working and living in private households, often in slavery-like situations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
17 Sep 2020
    19 Jun 2020
    Other actors
    JAL
  • slavery
  • business
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Contemporary forms of slavery, forced labour and trafficking in human beings are allegedly facilitated by technologies that are available on the online platforms owned by Google, as well as other private companies, such as Apple and Facebook. In Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, these online applications serve as marketing platforms that allow online users to trade migrant women and girls as housemaids. The women and girls, mostly from South East Asian, South Asian and African countries, are working and living in private households, often in slavery-like situations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Jun 2020
    Other actors
    JAL
  • slavery
  • business
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Contemporary forms of slavery, forced labour and trafficking in human beings are allegedly facilitated by technologies that are available on the online platforms owned by Google, as well as other private companies, such as Apple and Facebook. In Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Arab States Region, these online applications serve as marketing platforms that allow online users to trade migrant women and girls as housemaids. The women and girls, mostly from South East Asian, South Asian and African countries, are working and living in private households, often in slavery-like situations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
21 Aug 2020
    19 Jun 2020
    Other actors
    JAL
  • slavery
  • business
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Contemporary forms of slavery, forced labour and trafficking in human beings are allegedly facilitated by technologies that are available on the online platforms owned by Google, as well as other private companies, such as Apple and Facebook. In Kuwait and Saudi, these online applications serve as marketing platforms that allow online users to trade migrant women and girls as housemaids. The women and girls, mostly from South East Asian, South Asian and African countries, are working and living in private households, often in slavery-like situations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
30 Oct 2020
    19 Jun 2020
    Other actors
    JAL
  • slavery
  • business
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Contemporary forms of slavery, forced labour and trafficking in human beings are allegedly facilitated by technologies that are available on the online platforms owned by Google, as well as other private companies, such as Apple and Facebook. In Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Arab States Region, these online applications serve as marketing platforms that allow online users to trade migrant women and girls as housemaids. The women and girls, mostly from South East Asian, South Asian and African countries, are working and living in private households, often in slavery-like situations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Jun 2020
    Other actors
    JAL
  • slavery
  • business
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Contemporary forms of slavery, forced labour and trafficking in human beings are allegedly facilitated by technologies that are available on the online platforms owned by Google, as well as other private companies, such as Apple and Facebook. In Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, these online applications serve as marketing platforms that allow online users to trade migrant women and girls as housemaids. The women and girls, mostly from South East Asian, South Asian and African countries, are working and living in private households, often in slavery-like situations. slavery-like situations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Jun 2020
    Other actors
    JAL
  • slavery
  • business
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Contemporary forms of slavery, forced labour and trafficking in human beings are allegedly facilitated by technologies that are available on the online platforms owned by Google, as well as other private companies, such as Apple and Facebook. In Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, these online applications serve as marketing platforms that allow online users to trade migrant women and girls as housemaids. The women and girls, mostly from South East Asian, South Asian and African countries, are working and living in private households, often in slavery-like situations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    19 Jun 2020
    Kuwait
    JAL
  • slavery
  • business
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • women and girls
Contemporary forms of slavery, forced labour and trafficking in human beings are allegedly facilitated by technologies that are available on the online platforms owned by Google, as well as other private companies, such as Apple and Facebook. In Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, these online applications serve as marketing platforms that allow online users to trade migrant women and girls as housemaids. The women and girls, mostly from South East Asian, South Asian and African countries, are working and living in private households, often in slavery-like situations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
22 Jun 2020
24 Jun 2020
24 Jul 2020
    10 Jun 2020
    Turkey
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • executions
  • sale of children
  • torture
Information received concerning allegations that Turkey recruited, deployed and paid fighters, including children, from several Syrian armed groups to take part in military operations in the Libyan capital Tripoli in support of the Government of National Accord, thus effectively deploying mercenaries to an armed conflict.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
17 Sep 2020
    10 Jun 2020
    Libya
    JAL
  • mercenaries
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • sale of children
  • torture
Information received concerning the use of mercenaries and related actors in the context of hostilities near Tripoli and the human rights impact of this practice.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    21 May 2020
    Malawi
    JAL
  • trafficking in persons
  • arbitrary Detention
  • migrants
  • sale of children
Information received concerning the human rights abuses currently faced by a group of migrant children who had allegedly been detained at the border and were subsequently deported to a third country.
Alleged victims: 11
More details...
    12 May 2020
    Canada
    JUA
  • terrorism
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • food
  • health
  • migrants
  • sale of children
  • torture
  • women and girls
Information received concerning the need to protect the right to life of a Canadian orphan, currently detained in Al-Hol camp in the North-East region of the Syrian Arab Republic since March 2019.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
16 May 2020
20 May 2020
10 Jul 2020
    02 Apr 2019
    Holy See
    AL
  • sale of children
Rapports de nombreux cas d’abus et d’exploitation sexuels, ainsi que de vente d’enfants, commis par des membres du clergé de l'Église catholique à travers le monde depuis des décennies.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Mar 2019
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • food
  • housing
  • international solidarity
  • migrants
  • racism
  • sale of children
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • trafficking in persons
Información recibida en relación con la situación de las personas migrantes en caravana, en dirección a México y a los Estados Unidos de América, y en particular con referencia a un incidente violento y xenófobo contra personas migrantes en Tecún Umán, así como la necesidad de que el gobierno tome medidas activas para proteger los derechos humanos de todos los migrantes.
Alleged victims: 15552
More details...
28 May 2019
    19 Jun 2018
    United States of America
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • indigenous peoples
  • migrants
  • racism
  • sale of children
  • torture
Information received concerning the implementation of the memorandum for federal prosecutors along the Southwestern border on Zero-Tolerance for Offenses Under 8 U.S.C. § 1325(a) issued by the Attorney General, raising particular concerns over: the increased criminalization of migration; the increased use of immigration detention; the automatic separation of children from their families in violation of the best interests of the child and their rights to liberty and family life; increased and expedited deportations, in possible violation of the non-refoulement principle, infringing migrants’ rights to a due process and lacking proper individual assessment; the stigmatization of migrants as criminals; and the racialized impact of this memorandum on migrants from Latin American countries.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    13 Jun 2018
    France
    JOL
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • sale of children
Informations reçu concernant l’absence d’un deuxième plan d’action contre la traite et la précarisation des victimes de traite et des autres sujets vulnérables dans le projet de loi n° 714 « pour une immigration maîtrisée et un droit d’asile effectif », qui est en cours d’examen par le Senat, après avoir été adopté par l’Assemblée le 24 avril 2018.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
27 Aug 2018
    25 Apr 2018
    North Macedonia
    JOL
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • sale of children
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the practice of removing Roma children from their families on poverty-related grounds and their placement in state care institutions where they experience violence, including sexual violence.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Nov 2017
    Libya
    JAL
  • migrants
  • racism
  • slavery
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • international solidarity
  • African Descent
  • minority issues
  • sale of children
Information received concerning the enslavement and auctioning of enslaved African migrants in markets in Libya, which increasingly expose them to trafficking and forced labour.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Nov 2017
    Italy
    JAL
  • migrants
  • racism
  • slavery
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • international solidarity
  • African Descent
  • minority issues
  • sale of children
Information received concerning the enslavement and auctioning of enslaved African migrants in markets in Libya, which increasingly expose them to trafficking and forced labour, following the signature of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Italy and the Libyan Government of National Accord in February 2017.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Feb 2018
    14 Jul 2017
    Hungary
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • executions
  • health
  • sale of children
  • torture
  • violence against women
Information received concerning allegations of segregating people with disabilities in closed-type institutions and denying them the support needed to live independent lives in the community. It was also reported that violence, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment were widespread in these institutions, as well as an alarmingly high number of uninvestigated deaths in custody.
Alleged victims: 220
More details...
29 Aug 2017
    11 Jul 2017
    France
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • sale of children
Information reçues concernant le harcèlement juridique et les pressions administratives dont fait l'objet M. Cédric Herrou, des mesures qui seraient liées à ses activités en faveur de la protection et de la promotion des droits des migrants et en particulier des enfants migrants en France.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
11 Sep 2017
    23 Mar 2017
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • disability
  • executions
  • sale of children
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación al fatídico incendio que se produjo en el Hogar Seguro Virgen de la Asunción, en el municipio de San José Pinula, departamento de Guatemala, el 8 de marzo de 2017, el cual resultó en la muerte de al menos 40 niñas mientras que decenas más resultaron heridas, algunas de ellas de gravedad.
Alleged victims: 40
More details...
01 Jun 2017
01 Jun 2017
    22 Mar 2017
    Australia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disability
  • sale of children
  • torture
  • education
Information received concerning a range of severe human rights violations perpetrated against children with disabilities in the public, as well as private, educational institutions of Australia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 May 2017
    29 Dec 2016
    Ethiopia
    JUA
  • executions
  • sale of children
Information received concerning several attacks in the Gambella region in the last month that have resulted in the death of 7 persons and the abduction of 8 children.
Alleged victims: 15
More details...
    23 Dec 2016
    Bangladesh
    JOL
  • health
  • sale of children
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the recently tabled revision bill of the Child Marriage Restraint Act 1929 which contains provisions which would violate the rights of the child, and particularly the rights of the girl child.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Dec 2016
    21 Jun 2016
    Indonesia
    JOL
  • executions
  • sale of children
  • torture
Information received concerning the Presidential decree (Perppu No.1/2016), which modifies the 2002 Law No.23 on Child Protection and provides additional punishments for perpetrators of sexual violence against children such as chemical castration and the death penalty.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    13 Jun 2016
    Malaysia
    JOL
  • health
  • sale of children
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the Amendment to the 2001 Child Act which does not explicitly include child pornography offences and subsisting legislation which permits child and forced marriage.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
09 Feb 2017
    10 May 2016
    South Sudan
    JUA
  • sale of children
  • executions
Allegations concerning several attacks and inter-ethnic clashes in the Gambella region of Ethiopia and South Sudan since the beginning of the year with the latest having led to 208 deaths and the abduction of 137children. According to the information received, in January 2016, 26 children from the Anywa ethnic minority were reportedly abducted by armed men from the Murle ethnic group in Jor and Gog districts, Gambella region. In the context of these abductions 19 villagers were also reportedly killed in Gog district, Gambella region. Moreover, on 15 April 2016, raids and abductions by men from the Murle ethnic group were conducted against thirteen Nuer villages in the Jikaw and Lare districts, Gambella region, leading to the killing of 208 people and the abduction of 137 children. Eighty people were also reportedly wounded and over 2,000 cattle stolen. It is reported that these abducted children risk being sold, including for the purpose of labour exploitation and sexual exploitation. A communication with similar contents was transmitted to the Government of Ethiopia on 10 May 2016, see above, case no. ETH 1/2016.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 May 2016
    Ethiopia
    JUA
  • sale of children
  • executions
Allegations concerning several attacks and inter-ethnic clashes in the Gambella region of Ethiopia and South Sudan since the beginning of the year with the latest having led to 208 deaths and the abduction of 137 children. According to the information received, between January and April 2016, 26 children from the Anywa ethnic minority were abducted by armed men from the Murle ethnic group in Jor and Gog districts, Gambella region. In the context of these abductions, 19 villagers were also reportedly killed in Gog district, Gambella region. Moreover, on 15 April 2016, raids and abductions by men from the Murle ethnic group were committed against thirteen Nuer villages in the Jikaw and Lare districts, Gambella region, leading to the killing of 208 people and the abduction of 137 children. Eighty people were also reportedly wounded and over 2,000 cattle stolen. It is reported that these abducted children risk being sold, including for the purpose of labour exploitation and sexual exploitation. A communication with similar contents was transmitted to the Government of South Sudan on 10 May 2016, see below, case no. SSD 1/2016.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    02 Feb 2016
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the reported abduction and subsequent forced conversion and marriage of a 15 year old Hindu girl, in Allah Dino Magsi Village, Qambar Shahdadkot, Sindh province. On 19 April 2015, six men allegedly kidnapped a 15 year old girl in her home at 1 p.m. in front of her parents. Thereafter her parents reportedly tried to register a First Information Report at the police station on several occasions but were repeatedly sent away. On 25 April 2015, a statement from the girl was reportedly published in a newspaper in which she declared that she was 22 years old, had converted to Islam, changed her name and had married a boy. The parents allegedly brought the case to the Session Court of Qambar Shahdadkot, Larkana, which decided on 2 June 2015 to have the girl placed in a shelter called Dar-ul-Aman and have her age determined. One of the alleged perpetrators reportedly filed an application before the High Court Sindh, Circuit Court, Larkana to challenge the decision of the judge from the Session Court. On 24 June 2015, the High Court allegedly judged that the girl was an adult under Sharia law and suspended the decision of the Session Court thus sending her back to live with the aforementioned boy.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    22 Dec 2015
    Serbia
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • disappearances
Alleged shortcomings of the “draft law on determining the facts on the position of newborn infants suspected to have disappeared in maternity hospitals in the Republic of Serbia” to adequately secure the establishment of a mechanism aimed at providing individual redress to all parents of infants who have disappeared from maternity wards in Serbia. According to the information received, on 26 March 2013 the European Court of Human Rights found Serbia in violation of the European Convention on Human Rights in the lead case of Zorica Jovanovic v. Serbia, and held that Serbia “must […], take all appropriate measures, preferably by means of a lex specialis […] to secure the establishment of a mechanism aimed at providing individual redress to all parents in a situation such as, or sufficiently similar to, the applicant’s”. In July 2015, a draft law was reportedly circulated to a number of concerned civil society organizations by the Ministry of Justice of Serbia, yet a number of concerns have been raised regarding the content of the draft legislation, as well as the process by which it was drafted.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Sep 2015
    Zambia
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
Allegations concerning the release of a man convicted for the rape of a child following a presidential pardon. According to the information received, in February 2014, Mr. X was found guilty of the rape of a 14-year-old girl and sentenced to 18 years of imprisonment. This sentence was confirmed on appeal by the High Court of Zambia on 24 April 2014. However, in July 2015, the President reportedly announced his decision to pardon Mr. X during a visit to Mukobeko Maximum Security Prison in Kabwe. The President also reportedly decided to appoint Mr. X as ambassador for the fight against gender violence. Following his release, Mr. X allegedly assaulted one of his three wives. Moreover, it is alleged that, in August, he released a song in which he condemned those who had criticized his pardon and questioned the length of the sentence handed to him. It is reported that the child victim has suffered from trauma and stigmatisation resulting among others in her dropping out from school and she and her family having had to move houses several times due the public exposure related to her case.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    02 Sep 2015
    Pakistan
    AL
  • sale of children
Allegations concerning the sexual exploitation of up to 280 children by a gang of up to 25 individuals in the village of Husain Khan Wala in Kasur district and the production of around 400 related child abuse images. According to the information received, since 2006, a group of up to 25 individuals has been raping children using threats, violence or drugging them, and also forced them to perform sexual acts on each other. This sexual abuse was reportedly systematically filmed by the alleged perpetrators and around 400 videos were produced. The videos were apparently sold in the district and online to paedophiles abroad. At the beginning of 2015, the videos of the sexual abuse were reportedly circulated in the village and the relatives of the child victims first became aware of the ongoing exploitation. A mother purportedly attempted to file a complaint with the police but was reportedly beaten and threatened by the police officers who further refused to register her case. The local police has reportedly failed to interview the alleged victims, collect evidence, secure crime scenes and confiscate the videos of the sexual exploitation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    21 Aug 2015
    India
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
Allegations concerning the trafficking for sexual exploitation of two minors in the State of Assam, India. According to the information received, on 26 May 2015, two female minors from Kunthung Rongphar village were taken to Diphu by a distant relative. Once in Diphu they were allegedly locked up in different premises and repeatedly raped by four men over the following two days. The two victims were reportedly returned to their home in the evening of 28 May 2015. The parents of the victims have lodged a complaint with the relevant authorities. The alleged perpetrators, who were positively identified by both minors with the help of an Investigating Officer, were reportedly granted interim bail by the Guwahati High Court. It is further reported that their hearing has been repeatedly postponed.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
31 Aug 2015
    18 Jun 2015
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • education
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the possible detrimental impact of the ongoing reform of the 1929 Child Marriage Restraint Act on the rights of women and girls in Bangladesh. According to the information received, the Government of Bangladesh is currently reforming the 1929 Child Marriage Restraint Act. It is alleged that a proposed amendment includes an exception to the current minimum age of marriage of 18 for girls and 21 for boys. The suggested provision allegedly allows for the marriage of girls from the age of 16 with the consent of parents and the agreement of the court. It is further alleged that the revised Act has not been shared with civil society. Concern is expressed regarding the aforementioned envisaged exception in the revised Act which would in effect condone and legitimize child and forced marriages.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
22 Jun 2015
    04 May 2015
    Iraq
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of mass summary executions of Yezidi men and of forced conversion to Islam and deportation of Yezidi women and girls held captive by the so-called Islamic State from Iraq to Syria. According to the information received, up to 2,500 members of the Yezidi minority community, who are being held by the so-called Islamic State (ISIL) in the territory of Tal Afar in Iraq’s Nineveh province, have been forced to convert to Islam. Older girls and young women have allegedly been sold to, abused, sexually exploited and enslaved by ISIL fighters. On 26 April 2015, ISIL troops moved the 2,500 captive members of the Yezidi minority community to a school in Tal Afar. Subsequently, up to 700 men and teenage boys were reportedly separated from the rest of the group and moved to the village of Jino near Tal Afar. Furthermore, girls of a young age were reportedly also separated from the rest of the group. On 27 April 2015, up to 400 Yezidi men, from the above-mentioned group, were executed in an unknown location in Ayathiya and/or Zummar sub-districts. The remaining women and children are allegedly to be moved to Syria.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    20 Apr 2015
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    AL
  • sale of children
Allegations concerning numerous reported cases of sexual abuse and exploitation of children committed in various regions of the United Kingdom. According to the information received, between 1997 and 2014, numerous reported cases of sexual abuse and exploitation throughout the United Kingdom were improperly investigated by the authorities due partly to a culture of denial. Child victims were allegedly treated with contempt, re-victimized and did not receive the appropriate care required in such cases of sexual exploitation. Budget cuts to front line services have reportedly weakened the response available for child victims of sexual exploitation. General concerns are raised regarding the accountability of perpetrators and redress given to victims.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Jun 2015
    20 Nov 2014
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones recibidas relacionadas con disposiciones en la legislación y en la práctica que discriminan a las mujeres y las niñas de manera directa o indirecta, tal como aquellas disposiciones en el Código Civil que consienten el matrimonio precoz y refuerzan determinados estereotipos en detrimento de la igualdad de género. Autorizar el matrimonio de las niñas menores de 18 años es una práctica discriminatoria, enraizada en las prácticas perjudiciales, consuetudinarias u otras basadas en roles estereotipados de hombres y mujeres, y de niñas y niños.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    03 Nov 2014
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • women in law and in practice
  • education
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
Allegations concerning persistence of legislation which directly or indirectly discriminates against women and girls, including provisions allowing for child marriage and polygamy. According to the information received, the 1929 Child Marriage Restraint Act, the 1872 Special Marriage Act and the 1961 Muslim Family Law Ordinance contravene international human rights law and standards in that they establish a different age for marriage for boys and girls, allow for girls to be married as young as 14 and permit polygamy. Concern is expressed that permitting girls’ marriage under the age of 18 is a discriminatory practice, rooted in prejudicial, customary or other practices based on stereotyped roles for men and women, and for boys and girls.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    31 Oct 2014
    Afghanistan
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged persistence of legislation which directly or indirectly discriminates against women and girls, including provisions allowing for child marriage and polygamy. According to the information received, the Civil Code, the Shiite Personal Status Law and other general laws contravene international human rights law and standards in that they permit girls as young as 16 years old to get married whereas boys cannot marry before they reach the age of 18, and permit polygamy and temporary marriages. Concern is expressed that permitting girls’ marriage under the age of 18 is a discriminatory practice, rooted in prejudicial, customary or other practices based on stereotyped roles for women and men, girls and boys.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 Sep 2014
    Nepal
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • slavery
Allegations of abduction, rape and trafficking of two minors and the subsequent refusal of the police to register the complaints. According to information received, on 2 December 2013, Ms. X, 16 years old, was abducted and trafficked across the border while travelling from Asuraina Village Development Committee (VDC) to Hattiban, a town near the Indian border. She remained in captivity for 18 days during which she was sexually abused. She managed to escape and return to Nepal where she tried to file a complaint with the police. However, the police refused to register the first information report (FIR). Ms. Y, 17 years old, was abducted by a neighbour and his son on 16 June 2014 in the Rupandehi district. Her mother witnessed the abduction. The police refused to register a complaint that the victims’ brother was trying to file on 27 June 2014 because one of the perpetrators had filed an injunction before the District Court. Ms. Y’s whereabouts are still unknown.
Alleged victims: -
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    18 Jul 2014
    Yemen
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged discriminatory legislation and practices against women and girls in the Republic of Yemen allowing for child marriage and trafficking in girls for sexual purposes or “tourism marriage”. According to the information received, since the Personal Status Law No. 20 of 1992 was abrogated in 1999, there is no legislative framework in Yemen expressly specifying a minimum age of marriage. Current law permits marriage of a girl less than 15 years old, with the consent of her guardian. In 2009, the Government of Yemen reportedly introduced a bill proposing a minimum age of marriage for both girls and boys of 17 years. Following a debate in the Yemeni national Parliament in 2010, the Shari’a Legislative Committee reportedly made recommendations against establishing a minimum age of marriage, claiming that setting such a minimum age contradicted Islamic principles. Subsequent discussion of the bill was postponed.
Alleged victims: -
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    07 Jul 2014
    United States of America
    JAL
  • migrants
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
Alleged detention and deportation of unaccompanied migrant children arriving at the southwest border of the United States of America. According to the information received, since October 2013, immigration officials have apprehended tens of thousands of unaccompanied migrant children arriving at the southwest border of the United States of America, and detained them in improvised detention centres where they are held in inhumane conditions and do not receive special protection measures such as psychological or age-appropriate care. Many of the unaccompanied children are unable to access the refugee status determining procedures. Despite a sharp increase in the number of children claiming that they fear returning to their countries of origin, there have been reports of massive deportations.
Alleged victims: -
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25 Nov 2014
    28 Nov 2013
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
Allegations concerning legislation which discriminates against women and girls, including provisions allowing for child marriage, including between a child and legal guardian, and polygamy. According to the information received, article 1401 of the Civil Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran provides for marriage of girls at 13 years; the 2013 Family Protection Law of the Islamic Republic of Iran reportedly allows for two types of marriage contracts, full or temporary, and polygamy is also legal under this law. Furthermore, on 22 September 2013, the Islamic Consultative Assembly reportedly ratified the “Unsupervised or III Supervised Children and Youth Protection Bill”, Article 27 of which allows for a marriage between a child and his/her legal guardian in circumstances where a child “has reached maturity / puberty” and “marriage with the guardian would be in the best interests of the child”.
Alleged victims: -
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14 Feb 2014
    13 Feb 2013
    Iraq
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged abduction of a minor girl by a man, for the purpose of marriage and converting her to Islam. According to the information received, on 9 January 2013, Ms X, an 11-year old girl from the Yazidi community of northern Iraq was forcefully abducted by Mr. Y of the Goran tribe, from Kalakchi village. Mr. Y is a 20-year old vegetable vendor who has been selling his produce at the market of Sheikha. Ms X was forced into a car and taken away by Mr. Y. The alleged intention of Mr. Y was to marry the girl, and it is feared that she may have been raped. It is reported that the two individuals have since married. The father of the abducted girl reported the incident to police authorities, including to the Alqush Police Station which forwarded the file to the Telkaif Court. Furthermore, the father opened a case with the Shekhan Court, which belongs to the Kurdistan Regional Government, but no investigation or prosecution had taken place at the time of sending the communication.
Alleged victims: 1
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    15 Feb 2012
    India
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • slavery
Alleged trafficking of girl children from the districts of 24 North Parganas and Murshidabad, West Bengal State, for the purpose of sexual exploitation, and the alleged systematic failure of the police to investigate such incidents. According to the information received, Ms. A, aged about 14 years old, was trafficked on 9 October 2011 to Karnataka State, for prostitution. She was later rescued. Ms. B, aged about 14 years, was trafficked from her village. It is alleged that she was held in captivity and raped before her rescue. Ms. C, aged about 15 years old, was trafficked from her village on 30 May 2011, to Bangalore, where she was allegedly sold into prostitution. The victim to date has not been rescued. Ms. D, about 15 years old, was trafficked into Bangladesh. The victim allegedly married Mr X, and was allegedly sold by her husband into sex slavery in Bangladesh.
Alleged victims: 4
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08 Aug 2012
    09 Aug 2011
    China
    AL
  • sale of children
Dismantling of a child trafficking network for the purpose of illegal adoptions. According to information available to the Special Rapporteur, the Chinese police rescued in July 2011 in several provinces of China an important number of children, some of whom were abducted with the intention to be sold for illegal adoption. The Chinese police reportedly arrested hundreds of persons allegedly involved in this cross-border child trafficking network. The Special Rapporteur welcomed the on-going efforts undertaken by the Government in combating the sale of children for the purpose of illegal adoption and requested detailed information regarding the recent dismantling of the child trafficking ring.
Alleged victims: -
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