Communication report and search

OHCHR.org

356 communications found
Date, Country,
Type and
ref. no. of
communication
Mandates Summary Replies received
    22 Jul 2019
    Kazakhstan
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning acts of harassment and discrimination directed towards a young lesbian couple and the unauthorized filming and posting of a video in social media, affecting their right to privacy.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
19 Sep 2019
    15 Jul 2019
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información relativa a la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Jul 2021
    15 Jul 2019
    Uruguay
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información relativa a la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Aug 2019
    15 Jul 2019
    Trinidad and Tobago
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Suriname
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning the ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Saint Lucia
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning the ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Saint Kitts and Nevis
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Peru
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información relativa a la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Paraguay
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información relativa a la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Panama
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información relativa a la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Nicaragua
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información relativa a la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Mexico
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
La información relativa a la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 Jan 2020
    15 Jul 2019
    Jamaica
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Honduras
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
La información relativa a la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Haiti
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Informations concernant la ratification prioritaire de l' Accord régional sur l’accès à l’information, la participation publique et l’accès à la justice à propos des questions environnementales en Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes (Accord Escazú).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Guyana
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning the ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Guatemala
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
26 Aug 2019
    15 Jul 2019
    Grenada
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    El Salvador
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información relativa a la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Ecuador
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Dominican Republic
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Dominica
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Cuba
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Costa Rica
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Colombia
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Chile
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Brazil
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
26 Jul 2019
    15 Jul 2019
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Belize
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Barbados
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Bahamas
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Jul 2019
    Argentina
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la ratificación del Acuerdo Regional sobre el Acceso a la Información, la Participación Pública y el Acceso a la Justicia en Asuntos Ambientales en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú) como una cuestión de prioridad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Jul 2019
    15 Jul 2019
    Antigua and Barbuda
    JOL
  • African Descent
  • business
  • development
  • disability
  • environment
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • toxics and human rights
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • internally displaced persons
  • international order
  • international solidarity
  • older persons
  • racism
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information concerning ratification of the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement) as a matter of priority.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    08 Jul 2019
    Argentina
    JAL
  • health
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con los obstáculos enfrentados por una menor de edad víctima de violación para acceder a la interrupción legal del embarazo regulada en el artículo 86 del Código Penal de la República Argentina.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
12 Sep 2019
12 Sep 2019 (Annex)
12 Sep 2019 (Annex)
12 Sep 2019 (Annex)
    28 Jun 2019
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • health
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the continued arbitrary detention of Ms. Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, Mr. Kamran Ghaderi and Mr. Ahmadreza Djalali by the Iranian authorities.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
22 Oct 2019
    20 Jun 2019
    Spain
    JAL
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la promulgación de sentencias judiciales en el país que están basadas en estereotipos y prejuicios de género en casos de mujeres víctimas de delitos sexuales.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
19 Aug 2019
    18 Jun 2019
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the deteriorating health situation of the detained human rights defender and journalist, Ms. Narges Mohammadi, currently serving a 16-year prison sentence in Evin Prison. Ms. Narges Mohammadi suffers from several serious health conditions, including a pulmonary embolism and a neurological disorder that can result in partial paralysis.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    29 May 2019
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • cultural rights
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning death threats and incitement to violence by a militant Islamist group against women human rights defender Ms. Sultana Kamal.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    14 May 2019
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the reported arrest and arbitrary detention of human rights defender Ms. Yasaman Aryani, Ms. Monireh Arabshahi and Ms. Mojgan Keshavarz by the Iranian authorities.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
02 Jul 2019
14 Nov 2019
    10 May 2019
    Malaysia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning investigations into the organisers of a women’s day march in Kuala Lumpur under the Sedition Act, and the summoning of LGBT+ human rights defender Mr. Numan Afifi
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
24 Jan 2020
    01 Apr 2019
    Brunei Darussalam
    JOL
  • executions
  • religion or belief
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the criminalisation of adultery and consensual same sex relations and the imposition of cruel, inhuman and degrading punishments for such acts, including stoning, whipping and amputation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
08 Apr 2019
    28 Mar 2019
    United States of America
    JAL
  • business
  • privacy
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning legislation and social practices of “male guardianship” in Saudi Arabia, including the mobile phone application ‘Absher’, which seem to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
21 Jun 2019
    28 Mar 2019
    Google, Inc.
    JAL
  • business
  • education
  • privacy
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the availability on the Google’s application store of the Saudi mobile phone application ‘‘Absher’’, allowing millions of “male guardians” to technologically monitor and restrict women’s whereabouts and freedom of movement in Saudi Arabia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 May 2019
    28 Mar 2019
    Apple Inc.
    JAL
  • business
  • education
  • privacy
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the availability on the Apple’s application store of the Saudi mobile phone application ‘‘Absher”, allowing millions of private “male guardians” to technologically monitor and restrict women’s whereabouts and freedom of movement in Saudi Arabia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    21 Mar 2019
    Kenya
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the alarming high number of cases of sexual and gender-based violence during the electoneering period in 2017 in the Dandora informal settlement, Nairobi County, and in the Vihiga and Kisumu counties.
Alleged victims: 60
More details...
    20 Mar 2019
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the alleged arbitrary arrest and detention of transgender woman and LGBTIQ human rights defender, Ms. Malak Al-Kashif.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    12 Mar 2019
    Nicaragua
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • privacy
  • terrorism
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con alegaciones de severos actos de represión a las actividades de las organizaciones de derechos humanos de la sociedad civil y limitación al derecho a la libertad de reunión pacífica a través de la cancelación de la personalidad jurídica de varias organizaciones no gubernamentales, allanamientos ilegales a sus oficinas y a las de ciertos medios de comunicación. Asimismo, se alega que algunos de los actos descritos en esta comunicación son represalias como consecuencia de la cooperación de miembros de organizaciones de la sociedad civil con las Naciones Unidas, sus representates y mecanimos en la esfera de los derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    26 Feb 2019
    Spain
    JAL
  • executions
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida sobre alegaciones acerca del posible impacto de las actuaciones del estado Español en relación con la criminalización de la labor en favor de los derechos humanos de los migrantes de una defensora de derechos humanos, y con respeto a alegaciones de declaraciones difamatorias contra su organización.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Apr 2019
    22 Feb 2019
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • education
  • privacy
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning legislation and social practices of “male guardianship” in Saudi Arabia, including the mobile phone application ‘Absher’, which seem to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
17 Apr 2019
    18 Feb 2019
    Croatia
    JAL
  • health
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning hundreds of alarming cases of violence and abuse against women during the performance of medical procedures related to their reproductive health in Croatia.
Alleged victims: 500
More details...
11 Apr 2019
    11 Feb 2019
    Russian Federation
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received in connection with allegations of new acts of persecution against people who are or are perceived to be gay, bisexual or lesbian in Chechnya
Alleged victims: 40
More details...
    08 Feb 2019
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning torture, sexual harassment and ill-treatment of six women human rights defenders in prison.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
05 Apr 2019
    18 Jan 2019
    Tunisia
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Suite aux recommandations formulées dans le rapport du Groupe de Travail suite à sa visite officielle réalisée en janvier 2013
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    17 Jan 2019
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning threats, including death and rape threats, travel restrictions and other human rights violations against two human rights defenders and allegations regarding further acts of reprisals, including physical abuse in detention against the mother-in-law of a well-known defender who is currently outside the country.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
11 Mar 2019
    09 Jan 2019
    Honduras
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con amenazas dirigidas en contra de la defensora de derechos humanos, Sra. Indyra Mendoza.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    07 Jan 2019
    Ukraine
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • international order
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations received concerning the adverse environment for human rights defenders in Ukraine, most recently illustrated by the killing of Ms. Kateryna Handziuk.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
07 Mar 2019
    31 Dec 2018
    Brazil
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • executions
  • foreign debt
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • racism
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Follow-up to the communication on the murders of Ms. Marielle Franco and her driver.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
09 Jan 2019
20 Feb 2019
    21 Dec 2018
    Kazakhstan
    JAL
  • migrants
  • slavery
  • trafficking in persons
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning Mr. Babaraim Akimov, a Kyrgyz migrant worker who recently managed to return to his country of origin after having reported being subjected to trafficking for the purpose of forced labour and being held in extremely exploitative conditions in Kazakhstan. This case is representative of a pattern of human rights violations that can amount to trafficking for the purpose of forced labour and labour exploitation against a larger number of migrant workers from neighbouring countries, especially from Kyrgyzstan.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
18 Feb 2019
06 Mar 2019
    20 Dec 2018
    Israel
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the targeting of the Israeli Information Centre for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, known as B’Tselem and its staff, including allegations of reprisals against Mr. Hagai El-Ad and physical and judicial harassment of Ms. Manal Al-Ja’bri.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
    20 Dec 2018
    Canada
    JOL
  • cultural rights
  • disability
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning changes to the sexuality education curriculum of the Province of Ontario.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 May 2019
    11 Dec 2018
    India
    JUA
  • cultural rights
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the threats against journalist Ms. Swati Chaturvedi.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    20 Nov 2018
    United States of America
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • international solidarity
  • migrants
  • racism
  • torture
  • trafficking in persons
  • women in law and in practice
Information received regarding threats from US authorities against the migrants travelling in caravans towards the United States.
Alleged victims: 8000
More details...
    20 Nov 2018
    Mexico
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • torture
  • trafficking in persons
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la situación de las personas migrantes en caravana, en dirección de los Estados Unidos.
Alleged victims: 8000
More details...
25 Jan 2019
25 Jan 2019 (Annex)
25 Jan 2019 (Annex)
25 Jan 2019 (Annex)
25 Jan 2019 (Annex)
25 Jan 2019 (Annex)
    20 Nov 2018
    Honduras
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • torture
  • trafficking in persons
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la situación de las personas migrantes en caravana, en dirección de los Estados Unidos.
Alleged victims: 8000
More details...
21 Jan 2019
    20 Nov 2018
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • health
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • torture
  • trafficking in persons
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la situación de las personas migrantes en caravana, en dirección de los Estados Unidos.
Alleged victims: 8000
More details...
26 Feb 2019
    16 Nov 2018
    Malaysia
    JOL
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the criminalization of consensual sexual relations between adults and the application of punishments for such acts that are contrary to the absolute prohibition of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 Nov 2018
    Nicaragua
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • privacy
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con las campañas de desprestigio, hostigamiento, amenazas, ataques, detenciones y cargos criminales contra diez defensoras de derechos humanos y en relación con la detención de cuarenta personas que caminaban hacia el punto de reunión de una manifestación.
Alleged victims: 10
More details...
    23 Oct 2018
    Colombia
    JAL
  • African Descent
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • indigenous peoples
  • internally displaced persons
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning individual cases of attacks against Afro-Colombian minorities and indigenous communities.
Alleged victims: 32
More details...
02 Jan 2019
    22 Oct 2018
    Italy
    JOL
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning potential serious retrogression in the advancement of the rights of women and their protection from domestic and gender-based violence in the city of Rome and throughout Italy.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
29 May 2019
    18 Oct 2018
    Nigeria
    JAL
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the exclusion of women candidates from the political process in relation to ongoing elections.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
27 Nov 2018 (Ack.)
    12 Oct 2018
    Honduras
    JAL
  • executions
  • human rights defenders
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con los recientes casos de intento de asesinato; hostigamiento, agresiones y amenaza de muerte; robo de cámaras de seguridad; violación e intimidación y persecución del líder del grupo de mujeres trans Las Muñecas de Arcoíris, y miembros del Centro para el Desarrollo y la Cooperación LGBTI (“Somos CDC”).
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    10 Oct 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • terrorism
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the arbitrary arrests and detentions of the human rights defenders, Ms. Israa Al-Ghomgham, Ms. Samar Badawi, Ms. Nassima Al-Sadah, Ms. Nouf Abdulaziz, Ms. Mayya Al-Zahrani, Ms. Hatoon Al-Fassi.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
29 Oct 2018
29 Jan 2019
    28 Sep 2018
    India
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • terrorism
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the arrests and arbitrary detentions of five human rights defenders, particularly active in defending the rights of the Dalit minority: Ms. Sudha Bharadwaj, Mr. Gautam Navlakha, Mr. Vernon Gonsalves, Mr. Arun Ferreira, Mr. Varavara Rao.
Alleged victims: 10
More details...
    26 Sep 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the reported arrest and arbitrary detention of human rights defenders Ms. Hoda Amid, Ms. Najmeh Vahedi and Ms. Rezvaneh Mohammadi, by the Iranian authorities, as well as the continued detention and aggravated charges brought against human rights defender Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh, and the subsequent arrest of her husband, Mr. Reza Khandan.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
    26 Sep 2018
    Egypt
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • privacy
  • terrorism
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the human rights defenders Mr. Shadi al-Ghazali Harb, Ms. Amal Fathy, Mr. Wael Abbas, Mr. Mohamed Ibrahim Radwan, and Mr. Haytham Mohamadein, who are all being detained on charges relating to freedom of expression and association.
Alleged victims: 5
More details...
23 Jan 2019
    18 Sep 2018
    IAAF
    JOL
  • health
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns related to the Eligibility regulations for the female classification (athletes with differences of sex development) recently published by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Sep 2018
    Sudan
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information recieved concerning Ms. Wini Omer.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    12 Sep 2018
    Hungary
    JOL
  • cultural rights
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning a directive of Your Excellency’s Government forbidding the teaching of the subject of gender studies at institutions of higher education.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    04 Sep 2018
    Paraguay
    JOL
  • poverty
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con una iniciativa para reformar la ley sobre los trabajadores domésticos, actualmente en revisión ante la Cámara de Diputados.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    31 Aug 2018
    Guatemala
    JOL
  • health
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación a la pronta adopción de la iniciativa de ley 5272 (Ley para la protección de la vida y la familia), la cual presenta graves inconsistencias con los estándares internacionales de derechos humanos que afectan en particular los derechos de las mujeres, niñas y las personas LGBTI.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Aug 2018
    Peru
    JOL
  • education
  • women in law and in practice
información recibida referente a una próxima decisión de la Corte Suprema que anularía el enfoque de género en el Currículo Nacional para la Educación Básica.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    27 Jul 2018
    Syrian Democratic Council (SDC)
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the detention of Emilie König and her three children in the Roj camp in the Northeast of Syria.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    13 Jul 2018
    Syrian Arab Republic
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the detention of Emilie König and her three children in the Roj camp in the Northeast of Syria.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    13 Jul 2018
    France
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
Informations reçues concernant la détention d’Emilie König et de ses trois enfants dans le camp Roj situé au Nord Est de la Syrie.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
13 Sep 2018
    11 Jul 2018
    Lebanon
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • African Descent
  • migrants
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the criminalization, arbitrary detention and risk of deportation of a migrant worker from Kenya who was physically assaulted by ten people on 17 June 2018.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
11 Oct 2018
    06 Jul 2018
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women in law and in practice
  • freedom of opinion and expression
Information received concerning the arrest and charges against Ms. Nasrin Sotoudeh.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    14 Jun 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • disappearances
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • poverty
  • women in law and in practice
Informations received concerning the arrest and charges against a number of women’s human rights defenders, along with acts of reprisal against Ms. Loujain Al-Hathloul.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
    13 Jun 2018
    Argentina
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Proyecto de ley que despenaliza la interrupción del embarazo en las primeras catorce semanas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Jul 2018
    24 May 2018
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Information received concerning the recent arrest and continuous harassment of a woman human rights defender, Ms. Amal Fathy.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    23 May 2018
    India
    JAL
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning allegations of a pattern of discrimination and violence against Dalit women and girls across India, and the failure of State authorities to effectively respond to various forms of gender-based violence.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
30 Dec 2019
    18 May 2018
    Brazil
    JOL
  • education
  • food
  • foreign debt
  • housing
  • poverty
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the negative impacts of budget cuts, structural adjustment and austerity measures implemented since 2014, on several human rights, notably the rights to health, education, social security, food, as well as on gender equality, and in particular the negative impacts linked to the Constitutional Amendment No 95, also known as “Expenditure Ceiling”, in force for over 16 months.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
01 Aug 2018
    16 May 2018
    United States of America
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • health
  • migrants
  • racism
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Directive 11032.3, eliminating a presumption against immigration detention of pregnant women.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 May 2018
    Sudan
    JUA
  • cultural rights
  • executions
  • Sudan
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the decision to impose the death penalty upon a juvenile for the killing of a man she was forced to marry after he had raped her and was about to rape her again.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
18 May 2018
12 Jun 2018
    09 May 2018
    Russian Federation
    JAL
  • disability
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the removal of two foster children from the home of Yulia Savinovskih.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
07 Aug 2018
    03 May 2018
    Chile
    JUA
  • disability
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida con respecto a la situación de una mujer con discapacidad de 29 años que está en la semana 29 de gestación, a quien el Estado no está garantizando los ajustes razonables necesarios para dar a luz en igualdad de condiciones con las demás mujeres del Hospital Gustavo Frike de Viña del Mar en Chile.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
04 Sep 2018
    01 May 2018
    United States of America
    JOL
  • migrants
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • torture
Information received concerning the availability of asylum for survivors of domestic abuse and other forms of violence in the United States
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    25 Apr 2018
    United Republic of Tanzania
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information we have received concerning the arrest, detention, and prosecution of human rights defender Sophia Donald, as well as the arrest and detention of Ms. Donald’s mother.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    25 Apr 2018
    North Macedonia
    JOL
  • minority issues
  • racism
  • sale of children
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the practice of removing Roma children from their families on poverty-related grounds and their placement in state care institutions where they experience violence, including sexual violence.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    13 Apr 2018
    Mexico
    JAL
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con alegaciones de hostigamiento, difamación y violencias contra una, defensora de derechos sexuales y reproductivos.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
17 Sep 2018
    29 Mar 2018
    Armenia
    JOL
  • cultural rights
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the Law on Prevention of Violence within the Family, Protection of Victims of Violence within the Family and Restoration of Peace in the Family, adopted by the National Assembly (Parliament) of Armenia on 8 December 2017.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
31 May 2018
    22 Mar 2018
    Brazil
    JAL
  • executions
  • housing
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • African Descent
  • racism
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • foreign debt
  • poverty
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the killing of Ms Marielle Franco and her driver.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Mar 2018
27 Mar 2018
12 Sep 2018
    12 Mar 2018
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • human rights defenders
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the arrest, arbitrary detention and charges against human rights defender Ms. Noha Al-Balawi.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
29 Mar 2018
    22 Feb 2018
    United Republic of Tanzania
    JAL
  • women in law and in practice
  • education
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • violence against women
Information received concerning governmental decisions banning pregnant girls and adolescent mothers from attending schools and barring the dissemination of materials relevant to this issue.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    30 Jan 2018
    Poland
    JOL
  • health
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning a proposed amendment to the Act of 7January 1993 on Family-Planning, Human Embryo Protection and Conditions of Legal Pregnancy Termination, which would further restrict the already limited access to abortion in Poland. If adopted, the proposed amendment would repeal point (2) of article 4(a)(1) of the above-mentioned Act and would consequently prohibit the termination of pregnancy in case of foetal impairments despite the fact that, according to information received, the majority of terminations of pregnancy in Poland (96% in 2016) are carried out on the grounds of severe or fatal foetal impairments.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
19 Aug 2019
    24 Jan 2018
    Kenya
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning instances of sexual and gender-based violence during the election periods.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    08 Jan 2018
    Israel
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • women in law and in practice
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
Information received concerning an escalating wave of reprisals, smear campaigns, arrests and arbitrary detention targeting prominent human rights defenders in the West Bank, the Occupied Palestinian Territory since December 2017, including the alleged arbitrary detention of and judicial harassment against Ms. Ahed Tamimi, Ms. Nariman Tamimi, Ms. Nour Tamimi, Ms. Manal Tamimi, Mr. Bassem Tamimi, as well as Mr. Munther Amira, Mr. Jamil Barghouti and Mr. Yousef Sharqawi.
Alleged victims: 8
More details...
    19 Dec 2017
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • women in law and in practice
information we have received concerning allegations of ongoing travel restrictions, in the form of a travel ban, imposed on woman human rights defender, Ms. Nedal Al-Salman.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    06 Dec 2017
    Philippines
    JAL
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning allegations of human rights violations resulting from the continued refusal of the Republic of the Philippines to espouse claims against the Government of Japan for crimes of sexual violence suffered by thousands of women and girls at the hands of Japanese military forces during the Second World War.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
03 Apr 2018
    29 Nov 2017
    Malaysia
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the criminalisation of adultery under the Sharia Criminal Offences (Federal Territories) Act 1997 which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 May 2018
    28 Nov 2017
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Penalización del adulterio en virtud del Código Penal de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 Jan 2018
    17 Nov 2017
    Pakistan
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery under the Offence of Zina (Enforcement of Hudood) Ordinance, (1979) which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    17 Nov 2017
    Maldives
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery under the Penal Code of the Maldives (Act 9/2014) and the Sexual Offences Act (Act 17/2014) which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    17 Nov 2017
    Libya
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery under Law No. 70 of 1973 establishing the punishment for adultery and amending the Penal Code which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    17 Nov 2017
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Préoccupations relatives à la criminalisation de l'adultère en vertu de Loi n° 16/008 du 15 juillet 2016 modifiant et complétant la loi n°87-010 du 1er aout 1987 portant Code de la Famille, qui semble être contraire aux normes et standards internationaux relatifs aux droits humains.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    16 Nov 2017
    Lebanon
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery under the Lebanese Penal Code, which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    16 Nov 2017
    Kuwait
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns regarding the criminalisation of adultery under the Penal Code (Act. N°16 of 1960), which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
05 Dec 2017 (Ack.)
15 Jan 2018
    16 Nov 2017
    Jordan
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery under the Penal Code of 1960, which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
19 Apr 2018
    16 Nov 2017
    Iraq
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery under the 1969 Penal Code of Iraq and the Shari'a law which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    16 Nov 2017
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery under Shari'a law (as applied in Iran) and the Islamic Penal Code of Iran which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    16 Nov 2017
    India
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery in India under Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code, which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    16 Nov 2017
    Egypt
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery in Egypt under the Egyptian Penal Code of 1937 which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Nov 2017
    Mali
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Préoccupations relatives à la criminalisation de l'adultère en vertu de la loi no 61-99 AN-RM du 3 aout 1961 portant Code Pénal malien, qui semble être contraire aux normes et standards internationaux relatifs aux droits humains.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Nov 2017
    Congo
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Préoccupations relatives à la criminalisation l'adultère par le Code Pénal de la République du Congo, qui semble être contraire aux normes et standards internationaux relatifs aux droits humains.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Nov 2017
    Burundi
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Préoccupations relatives à la criminalisation de l'adultère en vertu de la Loi no 1/05 du 22 avril 2009 portant révision du Code pénal burundais, qui semble être contraire aux normes et standards internationaux relatifs aux droits humains.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Nov 2017
    Brunei Darussalam
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery under the Syariah Penal Code Order which came into effect on 1 May 2014, which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    15 Nov 2017
    Afghanistan
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns relating to the criminalisation of adultery under the the 1976 Penal Code of Afghanistan, which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2017
    Yemen
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received related to the criminalisation of adultery under Law No. 12 of the Year 1994, Yemen’s Criminal Code, which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2017
    United States of America
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received related to the criminalisation of adultery in the United States of America under a number of state laws, which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
29 Jan 2018
    14 Nov 2017
    United Arab Emirates
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received related to the criminalisation of adultery under Federal Law no. 3 of 1987, the United Arab Emirates Penal Code, which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2017
    Tunisia
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Informations reçues relatives à la criminalisation de l'adultère en vertu du Code Pénal tunisien, qui semble être contraire aux normes et standards internationaux relatifs aux droits humains résumés ci-dessous.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2017
    Syrian Arab Republic
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received relating to the criminalisation of adultery under the Penal Code of 1949 which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2017
    Sudan
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received related to the criminalisation of adultery under the Sudan Criminal Act 1991, which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2017
    Somalia
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received relating to the criminalisation of adultery under Somalia’s Penal Code of 1962, which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2017
    Saudi Arabia
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received relating to the criminalisation of adultery in Saudi Arabia which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2017
    Qatar
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received relating to the criminalisation of adultery under the Law No. 11/2004 issuing the Qatari Penal Code which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 Jan 2018
    14 Nov 2017
    Philippines
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received related to the criminalisation of adultery in the Philippines under the Philippine Revised Penal Code, which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 Nov 2017
02 Feb 2018
    14 Nov 2017
    Papua New Guinea
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received related to the penalisation and de facto criminalisation of adultery under the Adultery and Enticement Act of 1988 and the rulings of village courts which seem to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2017
    Oman
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received relating to the criminalisation of adultery under Royal Decree 7/74, the Omani Penal Code which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Jan 2018
    14 Nov 2017
    Nigeria
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Information received relating to the criminalisation of adultery under the Penal Code (Northern States) Federal Provisions Act (No. 25 of 1960) which seems to contravene international human rights norms and standards as outlined below.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2017
    Morocco
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Informations reçues relatives à la criminalisation de l'adultère en vertu du Code Pénal marocain du 26 novembre 1962, qui semble être contraire aux normes et standards internationaux relatifs aux droits humains résumés ci-dessous.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2017
    Mauritania
    OL
  • women in law and in practice
Informations reçues relatives à la criminalisation de l'adultère en vertu de l’Ordonnance 83-162 du 09 juillet 1983 portant institution d’un Code Pénal, qui semble être contraire aux normes et standards internationaux relatifs aux droits humains résumés ci-dessous.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    13 Nov 2017
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • religion or belief
Information received concerning the alleged kidnapping and possible harm of Amnah AlJuaid, in connection with policies discriminating against women in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
04 Jan 2018
    03 Nov 2017
    Ecuador
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • indigenous peoples
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con alegaciones de procesos judiciales, intimidaciones y vigilancia contra la Sra. Gloria Hilda Ushigua, así como por el asesinato de su cuñada, la Sra. Casiela Dahua Cují, que parecen vinculados a su activismo en contra de la explotación petrolera en los territorios del pueblo indígena Sápara, en la provincia de Pastaza, en Ecuador.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
16 Nov 2017 (Ack.)
03 Jan 2018
03 Jan 2018 (Annex)
    30 Oct 2017
    Egypt
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the continuation of the criminal and administrative proceedings pursued under Case 173/2011 against several human rights defenders, including Ms. Azza Soliman, as well as allegations of irregularities in the appointment of the investigative judge of the case. Together with the aforementioned, we would like to refer to the enactment of the Law No. 70 for Regulating the Work of Associations and Other Institutions Working in the Field of Civil Work. All of these measures have the impact of severely restricting the legitimate and independent work of human rights defenders and non-governmental organizations in Egypt.
Alleged victims: 6
More details...
    26 Oct 2017
    Délégation Permanente de l’Union Européenne
    JOL
  • women in law and in practice
  • cultural rights
  • food
  • housing
Informations reçues concernant des mesures discriminatoires dont auraient été victimes des femmes rurales Abbeys dans deux villages du sud de la Côte d'Ivoire (Offa et Gouabo) relativement à leur droit à la propriété de la terre dans le cadre d’un projet financé par l’Union Européenne.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    26 Oct 2017
    Côte d'Ivoire
    JAL
  • cultural rights
  • food
  • housing
  • women in law and in practice
Informations reçues concernant des mesures discriminatoires dont auraient été victimes des femmes rurales Abbeys dans deux villages du sud de la Côte d'Ivoire (Offa et Gouabo) relativement à leur droit à la propriété de la terre dans le cadre d’un projet financé par l’Union Européenne.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
30 Oct 2017 (Ack.)
03 Jan 2018
    26 Oct 2017
    Cameroon
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Informations reçues concernant des attaques physiques, menaces de mort et actes d’intimidation et de harcèlement contre Mme Maximilienne Ngo Mbe et Mme Alice Nkom.
Alleged victims: 2
More details...
11 Jul 2018
    20 Oct 2017
    Mexico
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación a las alegaciones de tortura recibidas respecto de las señoras Sofía Viridiana Sánchez Guerra, Verónica Razo Casales, Corina de Jesús Utrera Domínguez, Denise Blanco Lobato, Guillermina Martínez Torres, Gloria Elena Bautista Gómez, Vianey Cedillo Trejo, Brenda Quevedo Cruz y Taylin Narda Meylin Clotet Wang.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
05 Apr 2018
    19 Oct 2017
    United States of America
    JOL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • migrants
  • racism
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the implementation of the Executive Order on Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements and the Executive Order on Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States, raising particular concerns over increased and expedited deportations, including a disproportionate impact on women, in possible violations of the non-refoulement principle, infringing migrants’ rights to a due process and lacking proper individual assessment, the increased use of immigration detention, the lack of access to services for migrants, regardless of their status and the stigmatisation of migrants as criminals.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Mar 2018
    19 Oct 2017
    Colombia
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Informacion recibia en relación con el deterioro de la situación de los defensores y defensoras de derechos humanos en Colombia y el incremento de ataques, intimidaciones y asesinatos en su contra durante 2017, afectando particularmente a defensores que son líderes sociales, campesinos y personas defensoras que han apoyado el proceso de paz.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
    12 Oct 2017
    Spain
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • migrants
  • privacy
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con diversos actos de intimidación, difamación y amenazas de muerte en contra de la Sra. Helena Maleno Garzón, mismos que parecen relacionarse con su condición de mujer y con sus actividades como defensora de derechos humanos en materia de migración.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
25 Jan 2018
    02 Oct 2017
    Philippines
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the deterioration of the situation for human rights defenders in the Philippines since 2016, the defamatory and intimidating public statements directed at the Commission on Human Rights of the Philippines (CHR), its members and the Chairperson Mr. Chito Gascon.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
20 Oct 2020
    25 Sep 2017
    Papua New Guinea
    JAL
  • business
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning 119 women victims in relation to alleged sexual violence and excessive use of force by mine security and police guarding the Porgera Joint Venture (PJV) gold mine and a failure to provide effective remedy for the women victims.
Alleged victims: 119
More details...
    25 Sep 2017
    Canada
    JOL
  • business
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning 119 women victims in relation to alleged sexual violence and excessive use of force by mine security and police guarding the Porgera Joint Venture (PJV) gold mine and a failure to provide effective remedy for the women victims.
Alleged victims: 119
More details...
13 Dec 2017
    25 Sep 2017
    Barrick Gold Corporation (Barrick)
    JAL
  • business
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning 119 women victims in relation to alleged sexual violence and excessive use of force by mine security and police guarding the Porgera Joint Venture (PJV) gold mine and a failure to provide effective remedy for the women victims.
Alleged victims: 119
More details...
23 Nov 2017
    13 Sep 2017
    Thailand
    JAL
  • violence against women
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning alleged acts of intimidation, harassment and death threats online against Ms Angkhana Neelapaijit, Ms Anchana Heemmina and Ms Anchana Hemmina, which appear to be in connection with the exercise of the right to freedom of expression in the performance of their human rights work.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
22 Sep 2017 (Ack.)
    18 Aug 2017
    United Republic of Tanzania
    JAL
  • education
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning a governmental decision banning pregnant girls and adolescent mothers from attending schools.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
16 Aug 2017 (Ack.)
    16 Aug 2017
    Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
    JAL
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con el deterioro del sistema de salud en Venezuela, incluyendo la escasez de anticonceptivos, lo que estaría afectando seriamente el disfrute del derecho al más alto nivel de salud física y mental, en especial de mujeres y pueblos indígenas.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Jul 2017
    Chile
    JOL
  • health
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida respecto respecto al actual proyecto de ley que permitiría la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo en casos específicos y la actual demora de su aprobación. Asimismo, quisiéramos señalar a la eventual atención del Tribunal Constitucional los aspectos que se exponen a continuación, en caso que llegara a conocer del proyecto de ley en control de constitucionalidad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
20 Mar 2018 (Annex)
20 Mar 2018 (Annex)
20 Mar 2018 (Annex)
20 Mar 2018 (Annex)
20 Mar 2018
30 Mar 2018 (Annex)
    10 Jul 2017
    Honduras
    JAL
  • executions
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con el reciente asesinato, en los alrededores de la capital, Tegucigalpa, de una mujer transexual, que también era una activista de los derechos de las personas LGBTI, la Sra. Sherlyn Montoya.
Alleged victims: 106
More details...
    04 Jul 2017
    Morocco
    JOL
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Informations reçues concernant le projet de loi 103-13 sur les violences faites aux femmes, approuvé par le Conseil de gouvernement le 17 mars 2016, voté et amendé par la Chambre des représentants le 20 juillet 2016 et actuellement examiné par la Chambre des Conseillers en vue d’un possible vote.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Jun 2017
    Bangladesh
    JUA
  • cultural rights
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • religion or belief
  • women in law and in practice
  • human rights defenders
Information received concerning the alleged threats of arrest, exile and violence by a fundamentalist group called Hefazat-e-Islam Dhaka City Committee, received by Ms. Sultana Kamal, human rights defender, and the recent request from a Supreme Court lawyer to arrest her for having allegedly hurt the religious feelings of the Muslim majority in the country.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    20 Jun 2017
    United States of America
    JOL
  • health
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the draft Reproductive Health Act introduced in the New York State Senate on 17 January 2017, and currently awaiting approval by the state Senate.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
29 Aug 2017 (Ack.)
    26 May 2017
    El Salvador
    JAL
  • women in law and in practice
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • sexual orientation and gender identity
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
Información recibida en relación con 3 asesinatos de mujeres trans en la ciudad de San Luis Talpa, así como las alegaciones de actos de intimidaciones y amenazas, incluidos actos de extorsión contra una defensora de derechos humanos.
Alleged victims: 4
More details...
21 Jul 2017
    25 Apr 2017
    Honduras
    JOL
  • health
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida respecto al actual proyecto de reforma del Código Penal y la total prohibición del aborto que debería ser debatido próximamente en el Congreso.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Jun 2017
    06 Apr 2017
    Saudi Arabia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the alleged use of discriminatory male guardianship laws to arbitrarily arrest and detain a woman human rights defender in retaliation for her human rights work.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
20 Apr 2017
22 May 2017
    27 Mar 2017
    Philippines
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the alleged intimidation, persecution and threats, as well as the judicial harassment, arrest and detention of Ms. Leila M. De Lima, a senator, in connection with her criticism of government policies surrounding the drug war in the Philippines, including the extrajudicial killing of drug suspects and the proposal to reinstate the death penalty.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
07 Apr 2017 (Ack.)
19 Oct 2020
    24 Mar 2017
    United Arab Emirates
    JUA
  • women in law and in practice
  • migrants
  • executions
  • violence against women
information received concerning the alleged unfair trial and sentencing to death of Ms. Jennifer Dalquez.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
20 Apr 2017 (Ack.)
25 Apr 2017
    23 Mar 2017
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • disability
  • executions
  • sale of children
  • trafficking in persons
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación al fatídico incendio que se produjo en el Hogar Seguro Virgen de la Asunción, en el municipio de San José Pinula, departamento de Guatemala, el 8 de marzo de 2017, el cual resultó en la muerte de al menos 40 niñas mientras que decenas más resultaron heridas, algunas de ellas de gravedad.
Alleged victims: 40
More details...
01 Jun 2017
01 Jun 2017 (Annex)
    02 Feb 2017
    Guatemala
    JOL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • racism
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida referente a las reformas constitucionales propuestas por el Estado en el sector de la justicia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    23 Dec 2016
    Bangladesh
    JOL
  • health
  • sale of children
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the recently tabled revision bill of the Child Marriage Restraint Act 1929 which contains provisions which would violate the rights of the child, and particularly the rights of the girl child.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
23 Dec 2016 (Ack.)
    12 Dec 2016
    El Salvador
    JOL
  • health
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida con respecto al proyecto de Decreto para despenalizar el aborto en ciertas causales.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    12 Dec 2016
    Bahrain
    JAL
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • health
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning allegations of continuous detention and judicial proceedings against a woman human rights defender which appear to be related to her legitimate human rights activities and represent criminalization of the exercise of her right to freedom of expression, including on the Internet.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
27 Jan 2017
    09 Dec 2016
    Egypt
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the recent arrest and continuous harassment of a woman human rights defender, Ms. Azza Soliman, which appears to be related to her human rights advocacy.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
03 Feb 2017
    01 Dec 2016
    Malaysia
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the situations of human rights defenders, Ms. Maria Chin Abdullah, Ms. Ambiga Sreenevasan and Mr. Mandeep Singh, in relation to violence and threats to their lives and that of their relatives; harassment; and the violation of their rights to freedoms of expression, peaceful assembly and association, as well as the arbitrary detention of Ms. Maria Chin Abdullah.
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
28 May 2018
    23 Nov 2016
    Serbia
    JUA
  • disability
  • health
  • housing
  • minority issues
  • older persons
  • racism
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the alleged discriminatory billing against the Roma residents of Crvena Zvezda in Nis by an electricity company “Elektroprivreda Srbije”, and the continued withdrawal of electricity supply to the community since 22 August 2016.
Alleged victims: 356
More details...
07 Feb 2017
    28 Sep 2016
    Mexico
    JAL
  • health
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida respecto al caso de Citlali, una niña que habría sido víctima de agresión sexual y a la que se le habría negado el acceso a un aborto legal y seguro en el Estado de Sonora, lo que no estaría en conformidad con las leyes y normas nacionales e internacionales de derechos humanos y habría seriamente puesto en peligro el disfrute de los derechos humanos de la víctima, en particular los derechos de la niña a la integridad física y al más alto nivel posible de salud física y mental.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
14 Dec 2016
    07 Sep 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • torture
Additional information received regarding the arrest and detention of Ms. Homa Hoodfar.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
23 Jan 2017
    26 Jul 2016
    Argentina
    JAL
  • health
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en respecto a la situación de una mujer, quien fue condenada a ocho años de prisión después de haber sufrido, según consta, un aborto espontáneo.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
26 Sep 2016
02 Nov 2016
    25 Jul 2016
    Dominican Republic
    JOL
  • health
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con la reforma del código penal de la Republica Dominicana, que fue adoptada recientemente por la Cámara de Diputados del Congreso dominicano.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    22 Jul 2016
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    JUA
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Informations reçues concernant une tentative d’atteinte à la vie de Mme. Aline Bahogwerhe en représailles de l’action en justice intentée par la victime pour viol contre un agent de l’Etat.
Alleged victims: 1
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    14 Jul 2016
    El Salvador
    JUA
  • health
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida respecto a la situación de María Teresa Rivera, una de las mujeres que cumplen penas de prisión por cuestiones relacionadas con el embarazo así como la penalización del aborto en El Salvador la cual no está en conformidad con las leyes y normas internacionales de derechos humanos, ya que continúa restringiendo el derecho de las mujeres y las niñas a la integridad física y al más alto nivel posible de salud física y mental.
Alleged victims: 1
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    08 Jul 2016
    Egypt
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning allegations of travel ban against a woman human rights defender, Ms. Mozn Hassan.
Alleged victims: 1
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12 Aug 2016
    24 Jun 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • health
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • independence of judges and lawyers
Information received concerning the arrest and detention of Ms. Homa Hoodfar. Ms. Homa Hoodfar, aged 65, is an internationally renowned and widely published anthropologist researcher, of Iranian, Canadian and Irish nationalities. She studied a range of issues related to women’s roles and status in Muslim contexts as well as on development, refugees and informal economy. Apart from teaching at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada, she regularly participated in international research projects, including in partnerships with universities, research-based networks such as Women Living Under Muslims Laws, and civil society organizations such as Shirkat Gah (Women’s Resource Centre).
Alleged victims: 1
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22 Aug 2016
    13 Jun 2016
    Malaysia
    JOL
  • health
  • sale of children
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Information received concerning the Amendment to the 2001 Child Act which does not explicitly include child pornography offences and subsisting legislation which permits child and forced marriage.
Alleged victims: -
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09 Feb 2017
    01 Jun 2016
    Peru
    JOL
  • health
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Información recibida en relación con el proyecto de código penal presentado al Congreso el 19 de mayo pasado. Este proyecto no estaría en conformidad con las leyes y normas internacionales de derechos humanos y podría seriamente poner en peligro el disfrute de los derechos humanos en el país, en particular los derechos de las mujeres y las niñas a la integridad física y al más alto nivel posible de salud física y mental.
Alleged victims: -
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    27 May 2016
    Honduras
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • indigenous peoples
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • environment
Alegaciones relativas a agresiones físicas y amenazas, y a la falta de protección adecuada de manifestantes y defensores de derechos humanos por parte de las fuerzas de seguridad en el marco de una manifestación pacífica. Según la información recibida, el 15 de abril de 2016, se desplazaba un grupo de personas para participar en una manifestación del Encuentro Internacional de los Pueblos “Berta Cáceres Vive”. En este contexto, se habrían producido graves incidentes, incluyendo agresiones físicas, contra varios centenares de personas que habrían sido parte de esta caravana. Asimismo, varias personas habrían proferido amenazas directas contra varios manifestantes, incluyendo los Sres. Tomás Gómez y Sotero Chavarría, integrantes de la Coordinación General del Consejo Cívico de Organizaciones Populares e Indígenas de Honduras (COPINH). Además, el 9 de mayo, se reportaron represiones violentas de otra manifestación pacífica por parte de miembros del COPINH, cuyos miembros habrían llegado desde las comunidades indígenas lencas hasta las inmediaciones de la Casa Presidencia en Tegucigalpa para exigir la instauración de una Comisión Internacional e Independiente para investigar el asesinato de Berta Cáceres. Después de la movilización, miembros del COPINH habrían sido objeto de detenciones así como de seguimientos y hostigamientos por parte de agentes de la policía. En particular, desde el 10 de mayo de 2016, se habrían producido diversos pronunciamientos e intimidaciones directas relacionadas con el trabajo realizado por la defensora de derechos humanos Giulia Fellin. Similares asuntos destacados en esta comunicación han sido abordados en comunicaciones anteriores: el 8 de junio de 2004, caso HND 3/2004, el 12 de agosto de 2004, caso HND 6/2004, el 7 de abril de 2006, caso HND 1/2006, el 6 de julio de 2009, caso HND 5/2009, el 27 de agosto de 2013, referencia A/HRC/25/74, caso HND 4/2013, el 2 de abril de 2014, referencia A/HRC/27/72, caso HND 2/2014, el 9 de abril de 2014, referencia A/HRC/27/72, caso HND 3/2014, el 8 de marzo de 2016, caso HND 2/2016, el 18 de marzo de 2016, caso HND 3/2016.
Alleged victims: 2
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    04 May 2016
    Mexico
    JAL
  • torture
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones sobre la adopción de un proyecto de Decreto de reforma constitucional al artículo 4° propuesto en el Estado de Veracruz. Según la información recibida, el 13 de enero de 2016, el Gobernador del Estado de Veracruz presentó al Congreso un proyecto de Decreto que adiciona un segundo párrafo al Artículo 4 de la Constitución Política del Estado de Veracruz, que garantiza el derecho a la vida desde la concepción y que prevalece sobre otros derechos humanos. El 21 de enero de 2016, el Congreso aprobó en primera votación el Decreto. A partir del 2 de mayo, el Congreso se reunirá en sesiones durante las cuales se podría presentar de nuevo el Decreto para una segunda aprobación. Se expresa preocupación respecto al proyecto de Decreto de reforma constitucional en el Estado de Veracruz, que podría limitar el acceso de las mujeres y de las niñas a servicios esenciales de salud sexual y reproductiva, entre los que se encuentra la terminación de un embarazo.
Alleged victims: -
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    02 May 2016
    Poland
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged detrimental human rights impact of a draft law proposed by a civic committee, aiming at prohibiting and criminalizing abortion under all circumstances. According to the information received, in April 2016, the “Stop abortion” civic committee presented a draft law revising the Family Planning, Human Embryo Protection and Conditions of Permissibility of Abortion Act of 7 January 1993 and the Penal Code of 1997. The proposed revisions include replacing the term “human foetus” by “the conceived child” or “the unborn child”, prohibiting abortion under all circumstances and criminalizing all persons intentionally causing the death or the severe impairment/injury of the foetus, including the woman herself. Under current legislation abortion is authorised in cases of threat to the life and health of the woman, when the foetus suffers from a “severe and irreversible foetal defect or incurable illness [threatening] the foetus’ life” and when the pregnancy results from rape and incest.
Alleged victims: -
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30 Jun 2016
    28 Apr 2016
    India
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged harassment, attacks and threats against five women human rights defenders. According to the information received, on 3 October 2015, a resolution was passed by the Bastar Bar Association, prohibiting Ms. Shalini Gera and Ms. Isha Khandelwal, two human rights lawyers, from representing their clients, indigenous Adivasis, in Jagdalpur. Following a complaint by the lawyers, an interim order allowed them to practice again. On 18 February 2016, the landlord of Ms. Gera and Ms. Khandelwal was pressured by police to evict the lawyers from their offices. In January 2016, after Ms. Bela Bhatia had assisted several Adivasi women who had allegedly been raped by police officers, she faced intimidation from a police organisation. Police visited her home numerous times and her mobile phone was tracked. On 20 February 2016, the landlady of Ms. Bhatia was called to the police station in Jagdalpur and pressured to ask Ms. Bhatia to leave her home. On 7 February 2016, the home of Ms. Malini Subramanium, a journalist, was targeted by a group of 20 persons shouting abusive slogans at her. On 18 February, Ms. Subramanium’s landlord was forced by the police to evict Ms. Subramanium from her residence. On 1 August 2015, Ms. Soni Sori, an indigenous rights defender, held a press conference on the murder of a villager, and subsequently became the object of a slander campaign. On 20 February 2016, she was attacked by three unidentified men throwing chemical substance near Jawbanga, Chhattisgarh, resulting in her hospitalisation.
Alleged victims: 5
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    19 Apr 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Alleged arbitrary detention and charges brought against a human rights defender with serious medical conditions, for her legitimate human rights work and the exercise of her rights to freedom of association and freedom of expression. According to the information received, in May 2015, Ms. Narges Mohammadi was detained and charged with several offences allegedly related to her human rights work at the Defenders of Human Rights Center. In October 2015, she suffered from seizures and was transferred to hospital where she was handcuffed to the bed and constantly supervised by security officers. Security officers returned her to prison, against her doctor’s advice, where she remains to date. The next hearing of her trial is scheduled to take place on 20 April 2016. Serious concern is expressed for Ms. Mohammadi’s health and the alleged reason for her detention and the charges brought against her, namely her human rights work. Ms. Mohammadi was the subject of five previous communications sent on 29 October 2015, see A/HRC/31/79, case no. IRN 20/2015; 19 May 2015, see A/HRC/30/27, case no. IRN 5/2015; 27 March 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. IRN 5/2012; 11 October 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. IRN 13/2011; and 23 June 2010, see A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, case no. IRN 16/2010.
Alleged victims: 1
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09 Aug 2016
08 Sep 2017
    18 Apr 2016
    Malaysia
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning forced religious conversion of children, denial of the right to access to justice and to a remedy by their mothers as well of their equal rights and responsibilities in matters relating to their children. According to the information received, in the cases of Ms. X and Ms. Y, the religious conversion of their husbands to Islam had legal consequences, resulting in the violation of their equal rights and responsibilities on matters related to their children, including their custody, as well as their access to justice and their right to a remedy. In the case of Ms. Y, the failure of the High Court, while deciding the custody of the children, to recognize and consider her history of abuse by her former husband as well as the alleged violent abduction of her son by him, combined with the inaction of the authorities to act, raises concern as it may justify and legitimize acts of gender-based violence. In both cases, judicial decisions undermine the primacy of constitutional laws over religious and customary laws, due to the existence of an inconsistent dual legal system, resulting in violations of women’s rights to equality in law, their right to remedy and non-discrimination in marriage and family relationships.
Alleged victims: 9
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23 Feb 2017
    14 Apr 2016
    El Salvador
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones de violaciones del derecho de las mujeres y las niñas a la integridad física y al más alto nivel posible de salud física y mental en El Salvador. Según la información recibida sobre la situación de los derechos a la salud sexual y reproductiva de las mujeres en El Salvador, en particular, en el contexto de los riesgos del virus Zika para las mujeres embarazadas, el derecho de las mujeres y las niñas a la integridad física y al más alto nivel posible de salud física y mental, continúan siendo restringidos en El Salvador. A pesar de los esfuerzos realizados por el Gobierno para responder a la epidemia del Zika, las mujeres todavía tienen que enfrentar obstáculos en el acceso a la anticoncepción, incluida la anticoncepción de emergencia. También se expresan preocupaciones con respecto a un posible aumento de los abortos inseguros en este contexto, dada la prohibición total de la interrupción del embarazo en el país.
Alleged victims: -
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06 Jul 2016
    10 Mar 2016
    Republic of Korea
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Non-compliance with international human rights law and standards of an agreement made between the Governments of Japan and the Republic of Korea on 28 December 2015. According to the information received, on 28 December 2015, the Foreign Ministers of Japan and the Republic of Korea met and agreed on the issue of “comfort women”, an expression commonly used in reference to women and girls who were subjected to sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese Army in occupied territories prior and during World War II. Serious concern is expressed at this agreement in light of both States’ international obligations and women victims’ human rights, including the right to truth, justice and reparation. Further serious concern is expressed at the distress in which this agreement has left the surviving women victims by considering this agreement as a “final and irreversible” solution of the issue. A letter with similar content was addressed to the Government of Japan, see above, case no. JPN 1/2016.
Alleged victims: -
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15 Jun 2016
03 Apr 2017
    10 Mar 2016
    Japan
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • torture
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alleged non-compliance with international human rights law and standards of an agreement made between the Governments of Japan and the Republic of Korea on 28 December 2015. According to the information received, on 28 December 2015, the Foreign Ministers of Japan and the Republic of Korea met and agreed on the issue of “comfort women”, an expression commonly used in reference to women and girls who were subjected to sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese Army in occupied territories prior and during World War II. Serious concern is expressed at this agreement in light of both States’ international obligations and women victims’ human rights, including the right to truth, justice and reparation. Further serious concern is expressed at the distress in which this agreement has left the surviving women victims by considering this agreement as a “final and irreversible” solution of the issue. A letter with similar content was addressed to the Government of the Republic of Korea, see below, case no. KOR 2/2016.
Alleged victims: -
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27 Dec 2016
    10 Mar 2016
    Israel
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • Palestinian territories occupied since 1967
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged administrative detention and sentencing of a woman human rights defender, as well as harassment and tear-gas attack against another woman human rights defender. According to the information received, on 7 December 2015, Ms. Khalida Jarrar, was sentenced to 15 months’ imprisonment, a fine of 10,000 NIS (approximately 2,515 USD), and a suspended sentence of 12 months with a five year period by Ofer Military Court on charges of “membership on an illegal organisation” and “incitement to kidnap Israeli soldiers”, two of the initial 12 charges against her. During the court case material used as evidence was kept secret from Ms. Jarrar and her lawyer. She is currently serving the 15 months in Hasharon prison in Israel. On 15 January 2016, the home of Ms. Manal Tamimi was surrounded by Israeli soldiers who fired multiple tear-gas canisters in her direction without any obvious provocation. Ms. Tamimi was subsequently taken to the hospital where she was treated for breathing difficulties.
Alleged victims: 2
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    01 Mar 2016
    Colombia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones sobre actos de hostigamiento, amenazas de muerte, y un plan de desaparición contra una periodista y defensora de derechos humanos, así como por fallas en un proceso judicial por tortura psíquica de la cual fue víctima, así como sobre amenazas y hostigamiento a su abogado y familias respectivas. Según las informaciones recibidas, la Sra. Claudia Julieta Duque Orrego, actualmente víctima y testigo en dos juicios penales en contra de funcionarios de la dirección general de inteligencia y funcionarios de contrainteligencia, ha sido objeto de nuevas amenazas y hostigamiento, las cuales han incrementado en el marco del desarrollo de los juicios. Se alegas asimismo fallas en el desarrollo efectivo de las investigaciones e interpelación de los presuntos responsables de estos hechos. La Sra. Duque ha sido objeto de comunicaciones anteriores, enviadas el 23 de septiembre de 2004, véase E/CN.4/2005/101/Add.1 caso no. COL 41/2004, el 23 de mayo de 2008, véase A/HRC/10/12/Add.1 caso no. COL 12/2008, el 13 de julio de 2009 y el 30 de octubre de 2009, véase A/HRC/13/22/Add.1, casos no. COL 16/2009, y no. COL 20/2009, y el 7 de octubre de 2011, véase A/HRC/19/44, caso no. COL 9/2011.
Alleged victims: 2
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13 Oct 2016
    26 Feb 2016
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • indigenous peoples
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Comunicación relativa al desarrollo de tres procesos judiciales sobre violaciones manifiestas de las normas internacionales de derechos humanos y violaciones graves del derecho internacional humanitario, ocurridas durante el período del conflicto armado interno en Guatemala. Según las informaciones recibidas, procedimientos judiciales habrían iniciado en tres causas conocidas por los nombres de CREOMPAZ; Molina Theissen; y Sepur Zarco. Dieciocho militares en situación de retiro habrían sido objeto de órdenes de captura y habrían sido acusados de varios delitos incluyendo delitos de lesa humanidad, masacres, desaparición forzada, incluso en el caso de un niño, Marco Antonio Molina Theissen, así como la esclavitud sexual y laboral de mujeres q’eqchíes que vivían en la comunidad de Sepur Zarco, donde estaba ubicada una base militar durante la época del conflicto armado interno. En el contexto de estos procesos judiciales, se reportan un creciente número de mensajes y actos intimidatorios, incluyendo de grupos ligados a los militares acusados, que buscarían desacreditar y presionar a las víctimas y a quienes les apoyan en este proceso. Esta comunicación se refiere a comunicaciones anteriores enviadas el 22 de diciembre de 2014, ver A/HRC/29/50, caso no. GTM 8/2014; 18 de agosto de 2014, ver A/HRC/28/85, caso no. GTM 5/2014; el 2 de mayo 2014, ver A/HRC/27/72, caso no. GTM 4/2014; el 30 de octubre 2013, ver A/HRC/25/74, caso no. GTM 9/2013; el 17 de mayo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso, no. GTM 5/2013; y el 15 de marzo 2013, ver A/HRC/24/21, caso no. GTM 2/2013.
Alleged victims: -
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06 Apr 2016
24 May 2016
    12 Feb 2016
    Dominican Republic
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones sobre la adopción de las reformas del Código Penal de la República Dominicana que debería haber entrado en vigor el 19 de diciembre de 2015. Según las informaciones recibidas, el 19 de diciembre de 2014, el Presidente de la República Dominicana promulgó la Ley 550-14 aprobada por el Congreso que reformaba el Código Penal. En enero de 2015, tres organizaciones de la sociedad civil apelaron la Ley 550-14 ante el Tribunal Constitucional para cuestionar la constitucionalidad de los artículos 107 a 110, relativos al aborto. El 2 de diciembre de 2015, el Tribunal Constitucional declaró inconstitucional el procedimiento que rodea la expedición del Código Penal, ya que la reforma fue aprobada solo por la Cámara del Congreso de los Diputados. La reforma debía incluir también los votos del Senado. Aunque el Tribunal no se ha pronunciado sobre las cuestiones de fondo relacionadas al aborto, se restablecieron las disposiciones del Código Penal de 1884 que criminalizan totalmente el aborto. Se expresa preocupación en cuanto al restablecimiento del Código Penal de 1884 y se reiteran las mismas preocupaciones relativas DOM 2/2014, a la violación de los derechos básicos de las mujeres y adolescentes, ya expresadas en la comunicación enviada el 11 de diciembre de 2014, ver A/HRC/29/50, caso no. DOM 2/2014. La reforma también incluía la tipificación del feminicidio establecida en la Ley 550-14.
Alleged victims: -
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    08 Feb 2016
    China
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning the forced closure of the Zhongze Women’s Legal Counseling and Service Centre in Beijing. Further to its country visit conducted from 12 to 19 December 2013 and exchanges of a previous follow-up letter, the Working Group on Discrimination against Women, as part of a continuing dialogue, inquires about the closure, as of 1 February 2016 upon the receipt of an order from the Government, of the Zhongze Women’s Legal Counseling and Service Center - a leading women’s legal aid centre in Beijing. The previous letter was sent on 28 April 2015, see A/HRC/31/79, case no. CHN 3/2015.
Alleged victims: -
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28 Feb 2016
    02 Feb 2016
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the reported abduction and subsequent forced conversion and marriage of a 15 year old Hindu girl, in Allah Dino Magsi Village, Qambar Shahdadkot, Sindh province. On 19 April 2015, six men allegedly kidnapped a 15 year old girl in her home at 1 p.m. in front of her parents. Thereafter her parents reportedly tried to register a First Information Report at the police station on several occasions but were repeatedly sent away. On 25 April 2015, a statement from the girl was reportedly published in a newspaper in which she declared that she was 22 years old, had converted to Islam, changed her name and had married a boy. The parents allegedly brought the case to the Session Court of Qambar Shahdadkot, Larkana, which decided on 2 June 2015 to have the girl placed in a shelter called Dar-ul-Aman and have her age determined. One of the alleged perpetrators reportedly filed an application before the High Court Sindh, Circuit Court, Larkana to challenge the decision of the judge from the Session Court. On 24 June 2015, the High Court allegedly judged that the girl was an adult under Sharia law and suspended the decision of the Session Court thus sending her back to live with the aforementioned boy.
Alleged victims: 1
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    27 Jan 2016
    Sierra Leone
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the delay in signing the Safe Abortion Bill in Sierra Leone, after its adoption by the Parliament. According to the information received, on 8 December 2015, the Parliament of Sierra Leone passed the 2015 Safe Abortion Bill by large majority. On 23 December 2015, the Bill was sent for signature to the President in order to become effective. The 2015 Safe Abortion Bill allows women to have an abortion during the first twelve weeks of gestation, under any circumstances, and between the thirteenth and twenty-fourth weeks of pregnancy in cases of rape, incest, foetal impairment or risk for the woman’s health. The Bill also authorizes abortion for girls under 18, with the consent of a parent, a guardian or an “adult acting in loco parentis”. However, on 6 January 2016, after a meeting with the Inter-Religious Council of Sierra Leone, the President decided to send the Bill to Parliament for reconsideration. After meeting with key parliamentary leaders on 14 January 2016, the Inter-Religious Council of Sierra Leone is expected to address the Parliament on 27 January 2016 in order to express their position on the Bill.
Alleged victims: -
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    20 Jan 2016
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Alleged imminent risk of execution by stoning of an Iranian woman. According to the information received, in November 2013, Ms. Fariba Khalegi was arrested on suspicion of involvement in the murder of her husband. While she was initially released without charge, Ms. Khalegi was later charged with having a sexual relationship with her husband’s alleged, and later convicted, murderer. On 15 October 2014, Ms. Khalegi was reportedly convicted of adultery (zina-ye mohsaneh) and sentenced to death by stoning. The sentence was reportedly upheld by the Supreme Court on 27 January 2015. It is believed that her execution is imminent as all legal avenues of appeal appear to have been exhausted.
Alleged victims: 1
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07 Jul 2016
    21 Dec 2015
    Sierra Leone
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged governmental policy that is discriminatory against pregnant girls and women. According to the information received, on 2 April 2015, the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology published a policy statement formally indicating that girls who were pregnant would not be allowed to attend school and complete exams during their pregnancy. This policy entered into force immediately. Grave concern is expressed as this policy seems to be based on misguided, discriminatory and stigmatizing attitudes, beliefs and stereotypes as well as perpetuating gender inequality and violating girls’ and women’s rights to education, economic opportunities, health, including reproductive health, privacy, and physical and psychological integrity and dignity.
Alleged victims: -
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    17 Dec 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Follow-up letter following the Government’s response to communication IRN 15/2015 about allegations of discriminatory legal provisions against women in marital status matters. The Working Group welcomes the additional information provided by the Government on the integration of gender equality in some aspects of women’s marital status. It requests specific details on the measures taken to advance reform of marital status legislation, including a reform of the Iranian Civil Code. Communication IRN 15/2015 was sent on 24 August 2015, see A/HRC/31/79.
Alleged victims: -
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14 Apr 2016
    17 Nov 2015
    India
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged practice of coerced, unsafe and unethical female sterilisation in Government sponsored camps in India often resulting in injury or death, lack of adequate accountability and access to remedies for victims and their families. According to the information received, the use of substandard sterilisation procedures in India remains common practice despite well-documented risks and abuses. In November 2014, sterilisations performed in Chhattisgarh resulted in the deaths of 13 women and critical injuries to many others. Numerous similar incidents have since occurred despite government reassurances that the situation would be ameliorated. Notably, in Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Madhya Pradesh where one woman died in July 2015 as a result of substandard sterilisation. These coerced sterilization practices are not limited to Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Jharkhand but appear to illustrate a pattern and an approach that infringes upon the liberty and physical integrity of women. The incidents in Chhattisgarh were the subject of a previous communication sent on 11 March 2015, see A/HRC/30/27, case no. IND 3/2015.
Alleged victims: -
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    27 Aug 2015
    Sudan
    JUA
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Sudan
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged sentencing to flogging and heavy fines for two female students for “indecent dress”. According to the information received, on 14 July 2015 and on 16 August 2015, Ms. Rehab Omer Kakoum and Ms. Ferdous al Toum were charged with “indecent dress” under Article 152 of the 1991 Penal Code of Sudan. Ms. Kakoum was sentenced to pay a fine of 500 Sudanese pounds and Ms. Al Toum was sentenced to be flogged 20 lashes and to pay a fine of 500 Sudanese pounds. Concern is expressed at the physical and psychological integrity of both women in relation to their reported sentences. This communication is sent in follow-up to a previous communication dated 16 July 2015, see above case no. SDN 5/2015.
Alleged victims: 10
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    24 Aug 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory legal provisions against women regarding marital status in the Iranian legislation. According to the information received, several articles of the Civil Code discriminate against women with regard to the legal age of marriage, consent for marrying, polygamy, marital rights, divorce, child custody, responsibilities between spouses and inheritance.
Alleged victims: -
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27 Oct 2015
    24 Aug 2015
    Indonesia
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in Indonesian national legislation. According to the information received, a number of provisions of Law No. 1 of 1974 on Marriage as well as of the Regulation No. 9 of 1975 in Indonesia discriminate against women in marital status, especially regarding polygamy, age of marriage, remarriage, divorce, and responsibilities between spouses.
Alleged victims: -
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    17 Aug 2015
    Mexico
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones de abuso sexual y violación de dos mujeres (incluyendo una menor) por soldados. Según la información recibida, el 10 de julio de 2013, la Sra. X, de 15 años, estaba en una habitación del hotel Centenario en Nuevo Laredo, cuando soldados entraron a su habitación. Un soldado le agarró la cabeza y tapó su boca mientras otro la violaba con violencia. Éste último, también la violó violentamente. Otro soldado la forzó a tener sexo oral, amenazándola con una pistola. Durante las agresiones, los demás soldados observaron la escena riéndose. Una semana después, patrullas del ejército fueron a su casa. La víctima reconoció algunos de los hombres que abusaron de ella y se sintió amenazada. Según la información recibida, el 19 de septiembre de 2013, la Sra. Y de 22 años, fue a un concierto con dos miembros de la Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional, luego del cual cuando les pidió que la llevaran a su casa, éstos la llevaron al cuartel militar de Nuevo Laredo, donde la sacaron a la fuerza del vehículo y la ingresaron a un cuarto donde la violaron sexualmente. La víctima fue amenazada de no denunciar el caso, fue golpeada en sus piernas y su abdomen y fue dejada en la calle. Después del incidente, percibió ser perseguida.
Alleged victims: 2
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    30 Jul 2015
    Israel
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in relation to marital status in personal laws and practices applicable in Israel. According to the information received, under Article 51(a) of the British Mandatory Law of 1922, which is still in force today, all recognized religious communities in Israel have their own religious legal courts. The Rabbinical Courts Jurisdiction (Marriage and Divorce) Law 5713-1953 cedes jurisdiction over marriage and divorce of Jewish women to the rabbinical courts which adjudicate in accordance with religious Jewish law, which discriminates against women in various ways. Most importantly, refusal of a husband to divorce his wife, whatever the grounds she has for filing a divorce, deprives a woman of any way of obtaining such a divorce and remarrying. These incapacities are not symmetrically imposed on men whose wives refuse to accept a divorce. The Shari’a courts, which adjudicate in accordance with Muslim religious law, discriminate against women as regards ease of divorce for women as compared with men, including possible deprivation of the custody of children after widowhood or divorce if the woman remarries.
Alleged victims: -
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07 Oct 2015
    16 Jul 2015
    Sudan
    JUA
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Sudan
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the arrest of 12 female students and charges against 10 of them for indecent dress, risking corporal punishment of up to 40 lashes. According to the information received, on 25 June 2015, the Public Order Police arrested 12 female students between 17 and 23 years old in front of the Evangelical Baptist Church, Khartoum, where they had attended a ceremony, and took them to a local police station. Two of the students were released about four hours after their arrest. The 10 others were released on bail on 27 June 2015 but charged with "indecent dress" under Article 152 of Sudan’s 1991 Criminal Act. The punishment, if found guilty, is 40 lashes or a fine or both. In practice the law has been reported to be used exclusively against women. One of the students, aged 17, appeared in court on 7 July 2015 and, because of her age, was transferred to a Juvenile Court. It is reported that the other nine students, have appeared or will appear in court on 9, 13, 16 and 17 July 2015.
Alleged victims: -
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    07 Jul 2015
    United Republic of Tanzania
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in marital legislation. According to the information received, Law of Marriage Act of 1971 discriminates against women in sections 10(2) and 15 in that a man is allowed to have more than one wife thus permitting polygamous marriages if it is contracted in Islamic form or according to rites recognized by customary law in Tanzania and the husband is not married in a monogamous marriage. Furthermore, sections 10(2), 13(1) and 15 of the Law permit the marriage of girls at the age of 15, while the minimum age of marriage for boys is 18. In addition the Local Customary Law (Declaration) Order, Government Notice N. 279 of 1963 allows discrimination against women in a number of areas including bride-wealth, inheritance for widows and divorce.
Alleged victims: -
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    22 Jun 2015
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • education
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged systematic and persistent human rights violations of individuals belonging to Shia, Christian, Ahmadi, Hindu, Sikh and Sufi minority communities in Pakistan by non-state actors, and failure of the authorities to prevent, protect and investigate those acts with due diligence. According to the information received, since 2013, a large number of attacks in the form of intimidation, forced marriage, including child marriage, forced conversion, persecution, discrimination, hostility, violence and killings, and targeting members of religious minorities have taken place. The climate of impunity is allegedly fostered by Pakistan’s blasphemy laws and anti-Ahmadi laws, which allow for heavy punishments and have been used to prosecute and punish members of religious minorities and those who attempt to defend or speak out for them. Currently, there are at least 17 individuals on death row and another 19 serving life sentences for blasphemy in Pakistan. Reference is made to previous related communications sent on 22 November 2010, see A/HRC/16/53/Add.1, paras. 326-335; on 22 March 2012, see A/HRC/21/49, case no. PAK 3/2012; on 16 April, 22 May and 30 May 2014, see A/HRC/27/72, case nos. PAK 5/2014, PAK 7/2014 and PAK 8/2014; on 23 October and 5 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case nos. PAK 11/2014 and PAK 13/2014; and on 1 December 2014, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. PAK 14/2014.
Alleged victims: 10
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21 Aug 2015
    18 Jun 2015
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • education
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the possible detrimental impact of the ongoing reform of the 1929 Child Marriage Restraint Act on the rights of women and girls in Bangladesh. According to the information received, the Government of Bangladesh is currently reforming the 1929 Child Marriage Restraint Act. It is alleged that a proposed amendment includes an exception to the current minimum age of marriage of 18 for girls and 21 for boys. The suggested provision allegedly allows for the marriage of girls from the age of 16 with the consent of parents and the agreement of the court. It is further alleged that the revised Act has not been shared with civil society. Concern is expressed regarding the aforementioned envisaged exception in the revised Act which would in effect condone and legitimize child and forced marriages.
Alleged victims: -
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22 Jun 2015
    09 Jun 2015
    Japan
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in Japanese national legislation. According to the information received, articles 731 and 733 of Japan’s Civil Code discriminate against women in that they permit 16-year-old girls to be married while the minimum legal age for marriage for boys is 18, and prohibit women from remarrying for six months after the dissolution or cancellation of a marriage.
Alleged victims: -
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    09 Jun 2015
    Afghanistan
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in national legislation. According to the information received, current marital law in Afghanistan discriminates against women in that the household’s supervision is solely the right of the husband. Furthermore, the wife’s right to leave the home is restricted, pursuant to Article 133 of the Shia Personal Status Law of 2009 of Afghanistan.
Alleged victims: -
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    05 Jun 2015
    Paraguay
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Carta que acusa recibo y agradece la respuesta al llamamiento urgente enviado con anterioridad sobre el caso de la niña embarazada. Asimismo, la carta toma nota y agradece la invitación cursada a todos los titulares de mandato implicados a visitar Paraguay. Los titulares de mandato reiteran su preocupación e interés en dar seguimiento al caso y se ponen a disposición de las autoridades para proporcionar el asesoramiento necesario acerca de los estándares internacionales aplicable así como sobre medidas para su adecuada implementación. Este caso fue objeto de una comunicación previa enviada el 8 de mayo de 2015, ver A/HRC/30/27, caso PRG 1/2015.
Alleged victims: 1
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    21 May 2015
    Mali
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Lettre concernant des normes discriminatoires envers les femmes dans la loi N°2011 – 087 de 2011 portant Code des Personnes et de la Famille du Mali. Selon les informations reçues, les articles 307, 316, 319, 366 et 373 du Code des Personnes et de la Famille du Mali de 2011 sont discriminatoires à l’égard de la femme et stipulent en outre que la polygamie est autorisée, que l’épouse doit obéissance à son mari, que le mari est le chef de famille et a le droit de déterminer la résidence familiale et que les femmes veuves ou divorcées, contrairement aux hommes, ne doivent pas se remarier avant un délai d’au moins trois mois à compter de la dissolution du mariage.
Alleged victims: -
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    21 May 2015
    Guinea
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Lettre concernant des normes discriminatoires envers les femmes dans le Code Civil de la République de Guinée de 1983. Selon les informations reçues, les articles 328 et 331 du Code Civil de la République de Guinée de 1983 sont discriminatoires à l’égard de la femme et stipulent en outre que le mari peut s’opposer à ce que sa femme exerce une profession séparée de celui-ci, et l’obliger à vivre dans une résidence choisie uniquement par lui-même.
Alleged victims: -
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    21 May 2015
    Dominican Republic
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Carta relativa a las normas discriminatorias contra la mujer en el Código Civil de la República Dominicana. Según las informaciones recibidas, los artículos 144 y 148 del Código Civil dominicano discriminan a la mujer y estipulan la diferencia de edad legal entre hombres y mujeres a la hora de contraer matrimonio.
Alleged victims: -
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    21 May 2015
    Cuba
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Carta relativa a las normas discriminatorias contra la mujer en el Código de Familia cubano de 1975. Según las informaciones recibidas, el artículo 3 del Código de la Familia de 1975 de la República de Cuba discrimina a la mujer y estipula la diferencia de edad legal entre hombres y mujeres a la hora de contraer matrimonio.
Alleged victims: -
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23 Jul 2015
    20 May 2015
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Lettre concernant des normes discriminatoires envers les femmes dans le Code de la Famille congolais de 1987. Selon les informations reçues, les articles 352, 353, 444, 448, 450, 454 et 497 du Code de la famille de la République démocratique du Congo de 1987 sont discriminatoires à l’égard de la femme et stipulent en outre que le mari est le chef du ménage et que l’épouse lui doit obéissance, qu’une femme doit obtenir la permission de son mari pour tous les actes juridiques dans lesquels elle s’oblige à une prestation qu’elle doit effectuer en personne, que le mari détermine la résidence familiale et peut gérer et administrer les biens de son épouse.
Alleged victims: -
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    20 May 2015
    Burundi
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Lettre concernant des normes discriminatoires envers les femmes dans le Code des Personnes et de la Famille du Burundi issu du décret/loi N° 1/024 du 28 Avril 1993. Selon les informations reçues, l’article 122 est discriminatoire à l’égard de la femme et stipule en outre, que le mari est le chef de la famille.
Alleged victims: -
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07 Aug 2015
    20 May 2015
    Algeria
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Lettre concernant des normes discriminatoires envers les femmes dans le Code de la famille algérien de 1984 modifié par Ordonnance N° 05-02 du 27 février 2005. Selon les informations reçues, les articles 8, 11, 30, 48, 53 et 54 du Code de la famille algérien de 1984 sont discriminatoires à l’égard de la femme et stipulent en outre que la polygamie est autorisée, qu’un tuteur masculin est imposé pour le mariage, qu’il est interdit aux femmes de religion musulmane d’épouser des non-musulmans et que les motifs de divorce sont plus restreints pour les femmes que pour les hommes.
Alleged victims: -
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    11 May 2015
    Myanmar
    JAL
  • Myanmar
  • racism
  • religion or belief
  • health
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged discriminatory nature of a package of four Bills seeking to “protect race and religion”. According to the information received, the Bills discriminate against ethnic and religious minorities, as well as against women. The Religious Conversion Bill establishes a State-regulated system for changing religion, which contravenes the right to freedom of religion and belief. The Population Control Healthcare Bill adopts a selective and coercive approach to improving living standards. This includes a potential requirement of birth spacing that would violate women’s right to choose freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children and could be used to target areas with large minority communities. The Buddhist Women’s Special Marriage Bill regulates interfaith marriages between Buddhist women and non-Buddhist men and is discriminatory on many grounds. The Monogamy Bill adopts a restrictive and discriminatory approach to marriage regulation. The Religious Conversion Bill was the subject of a previous communication sent on 19 June 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. MMR 4/2014.
Alleged victims: -
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    08 May 2015
    Paraguay
    JUA
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones de falta de debida diligencia por parte del Estado Paraguayo para prevenir abusos sexuales de una niña embarazada de 10 años, y asegurar una protección y tratamiento adecuado que garantice la integridad física y mental de la niña. De acuerdo con la información recibida, el 21 de abril de 2015, se estableció un embarazo de 21 semanas a un niña de 10 años, que presuntamente fue el resultado de los abusos sexuales reiterados por un pariente cercano, aunque su madre había denunciado los abusos sexuales al Ministerio Publico en 2014. A pesar de las solicitudes, en conformidad con la ley, de la madre de la niña y de expertos médicos, de acuerdo con la ley, para terminar el embarazo que pone en riesgo la vida de la niña, el Estado no ha tomado medidas para proteger la salud, así como la integridad física y mental e incluso la vida, de la niña de 10 años. La ley del aborto en Paraguay es muy restrictiva y sólo autoriza la interrupción del embarazo cuando la vida de la madre está en riesgo.
Alleged victims: 1
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12 May 2015
20 May 2015
    08 May 2015
    Kuwait
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of discriminatory provisions against women contained in Kuwaiti nationality legislation. According to the information received, Kuwaiti women continue to be denied the right to pass their nationality onto their children on an equal basis with Kuwaiti men. The current communication is sent in follow-up to the Government reply received to the previous communication on the same issue dated 14 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. KWT 3/2014.
Alleged victims: -
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    08 May 2015
    Brunei Darussalam
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Follow up letter following the Government’s response to communication BRN 2/2014 which concerned allegations of discriminatory provisions against women in domestic legislation. The Working Group thanks the additional information provided by the Government on gender equality in domestic legal provisions. It requests additional information on the actions taken to incorporate the obligations stemming from the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women in accordance with the accepted recommendation 113.79 it received during the UPR process. The above-mentioned previous communication was sent to the Government on 14 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. BRN 2/2014.
Alleged victims: -
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15 May 2015
    04 May 2015
    Iraq
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of mass summary executions of Yezidi men and of forced conversion to Islam and deportation of Yezidi women and girls held captive by the so-called Islamic State from Iraq to Syria. According to the information received, up to 2,500 members of the Yezidi minority community, who are being held by the so-called Islamic State (ISIL) in the territory of Tal Afar in Iraq’s Nineveh province, have been forced to convert to Islam. Older girls and young women have allegedly been sold to, abused, sexually exploited and enslaved by ISIL fighters. On 26 April 2015, ISIL troops moved the 2,500 captive members of the Yezidi minority community to a school in Tal Afar. Subsequently, up to 700 men and teenage boys were reportedly separated from the rest of the group and moved to the village of Jino near Tal Afar. Furthermore, girls of a young age were reportedly also separated from the rest of the group. On 27 April 2015, up to 400 Yezidi men, from the above-mentioned group, were executed in an unknown location in Ayathiya and/or Zummar sub-districts. The remaining women and children are allegedly to be moved to Syria.
Alleged victims: -
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    28 Apr 2015
    China
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Follow up letter to the recommendations made by the Working Group in its report on its official visit to China from 12 to 19 December 2013. In this letter, the Working Group requests an update on the implementation of the recommendations it made in its country visit report (A/HRC/26/39/Add.2). In addition, while reaffirming its appreciation for the Government’s cooperation during and after the visit, the Working Group raises questions about measures taken to overcome persistent challenges and barriers, especially regarding the situation of women human rights defenders, the enforceability of existing equality guarantees in national legislation, actions against domestic violence, women’s equal participation in economic and social life, the rights of women in vulnerable situations, as well as actions and measures taken to raise public awareness gender equality and women’s rights.
Alleged victims: -
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25 Jun 2015
    23 Apr 2015
    Afghanistan
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • cultural rights
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the public lynching and setting on fire of an Afghan woman accused of burning a copy of the Quran. According to the information received, on 19 March 2015, after having been accused of burning a copy of the Quran at a public shrine in Kabul city, a mob comprised of approximately 30 men physically assaulted a 27-year-old student named Farkhunda with stones and sticks and ran her over with a vehicle three times. As a result, the victim died and her corpse was subsequently set on fire. Reportedly the police arrived at the scene while the lynching was ongoing but failed to adequately respond to the mob violence and prevent the victim’s death. On 20 March 2015, President Ashraf Ghani appointed a commission to investigate the case from a religious and legal point of view. On 24 March 2015, the criminal investigation, which was initiated by the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) of Kabul province, was reportedly transferred to the CID at the Headquarters of the Ministry of Interior given the high profile of the case.
Alleged victims: 1
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    17 Apr 2015
    Ireland
    JAL
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations regarding the discriminatory effects of certain provisions contained in the Gender Recognition Bill (Number 116 of 2014). According to the information received, after being announced by the Government in September 2014, the Gender Recognition Bill (the Bill) was presented to the upper house of the Oireachtas – the Irish legislature - on 17 December 2014 and on 21 January 2015, and then examined on 5 March 2015 by the lower house. While acknowledging that the Bill is a positive attempt to provide access to legal recognition of gender identity for transgender people, concern is raised at provisions about mandatory medical certification, and disproportionate safeguards applied to children, which discriminate against transgender people and restrict their right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standards of physical and mental health, as well as their rights to privacy, equality before the law, and education.
Alleged victims: -
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30 Sep 2015
    13 Apr 2015
    Egypt
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of charges brought against a women human rights defender for testifying on the violent dispersal by police officers of a peaceful protest and the death of a female activist. According to the information received, on 24 January 2015, Ms. Azza Soliman, President of the Board of Trustees of the Centre for Egyptian Women’s Legal Assistance (CEWLA), witnessed the violent dispersal of a peaceful protest in Cairo - in which she did not take part - including the shooting of activist Ms. Shaimaa al-Sabbagh. After learning that Ms. Al-Sabbagh had died from her injuries, Ms. Soliman voluntarily went to the Prosecution’s Office to give testimony of the events and file a complaint against the involved security forces. After testifying, Ms. Soliman was however informed by the Prosecutor that she was being accused of breaching Law 107 of 2013 on the Right to Public Meetings, Processions and Peaceful Demonstration. On 23 March 2015, official charges were brought against Ms. Soliman for “illegal gathering” and “participating in an unauthorized protest that harmed public security” under Law 107. The scheduled first hearing before the Abdeen Misdemeanor Court of 4 April 2015 was postponed to 9 May 2015. Law 107 of 2013 was the subject of two previous communications sent on 12 February 2013, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. EGY 4/2013, and on 20 March 2013, see A/HRC/24/21, case no. EGY 5/2013. Ms. Al-Sabbagh was the subject of a previous communication sent on 30 January 2015, see A/HRC/29/50, case no. EGY 2/2015.
Alleged victims: 2
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28 Jul 2015
    01 Apr 2015
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the persistence of provisions in North Irelands’ domestic legislation relating to abortion which restrict women and girls’ right to health and physical integrity under international human rights law. According to the information received, under the 1861 Offences Against the Person Act and the 1945 Criminal Justice (Northern Ireland) Act, women or those who help a woman to have an abortion, may face life imprisonment. Furthermore, the 1967 Abortion Act does not apply in Northern Ireland. Abortion is only acceptable when there is a risk to the physical or mental health of the woman or existing children in the family, and abnormalities that could lead to a child being “seriously handicapped”. After the Ministry of Justice announced in December 2013 their intention to prepare a consultation document to review abortion laws in Northern Ireland, the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission was granted leave to pursue a judicial review of these laws on 2 February 2015, the next stage of this legal challenge being a three-day hearing in June 2015.
Alleged victims: -
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15 Jul 2015
    20 Mar 2015
    Spain
    JAL
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
  • disability
Presuntas restricciones del acceso a un aborto legal y seguro por parte de las menores y mujeres con capacidad legal modificada. Según las informaciones recibidas, la Proposición de Ley Orgánica 122/000195 para reforzar la protección de las menores y mujeres con capacidad modificada judicialmente en la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo, presentada ante la Mesa del Congreso de los Diputados el 18 de febrero de 2014, en caso de ser adoptada, limitaría el acceso al aborto a las menores de 16 y 17 años así como a las mujeres con capacidad modificada judicialmente privándolas de sus derechos de igualdad sexual y salud reproductiva y restringiendo indebidamente su derecho al más alto nivel de salud física y mental.
Alleged victims: -
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    11 Mar 2015
    India
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged existence of unsafe, substandard and unethical sterilisation camps resulting in medical complications and deaths of several women. According to the information received, on 8 and 10 November 2014, procedures performed in a sterilisation camp in the State of Chhattisgarh funded by the State Government of Chhattisgarh resulted in the deaths of 13 women and critical condition of 70 others. The procedures were reportedly performed without free and informed consent, in facilities of deplorable and unhygienic conditions, and with sub-standard clinical procedures. Women of low socio-economic standing were actively targeted and incentivised by the State Government of Chhattisgarh to undergo the sterilisation procedure, and there was a general lack of information regarding the consequences and risks of the sterilisation.
Alleged victims: -
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    19 Feb 2015
    Togo
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Allégations de dispositions discriminatoires à l’égard des femmes dans la législation togolaise sur la nationalité. Selon de nouvelles informations reçues, la législation togolaise continue de nier le droit des femmes togolaises à passer leur nationalité à leur mari d’origine étrangère. Bien que le Groupe de Travail apprécie les informations détaillées et fournies par le Gouvernement dans sa réponse à la communication en date du 14 novembre 2014, ref. A/HRC/28/85, TGO 1/2014, le Groupe de Travail sollicite des informations supplémentaires sur la réforme législative en cours visant à abroger cette législation.
Alleged victims: -
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    12 Feb 2015
    Sierra Leone
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of discriminatory provisions against women contained in Sierra Leone’s nationality legislation. According to the information received, Sierra Leonean women continue to be denied the right to pass their nationality on to their children born outside of the country. While the Working Group on discrimination against women in law and in practice appreciated the detailed information provided by the Government in reply to communication SLE 2/2014 and welcomed the reforms that the Sierra Leone Citizenship (Amendment) Acts (Acts No. 13 of 1976 and No. 10 of 2006) introduced to the 1973 Act No. 4, the main legislation on citizenship, it would appreciate receiving additional information on what measures are eventually envisaged to redress this situation. It further encouraged the Government to ensure that the revisions of the Constitution expressly provide women with the same nationality rights as men. The initial communication on this subject was sent on 14 November 2014 and the Governments’ reply received on 12 December 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. SLE 2/2014.
Alleged victims: -
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    11 Feb 2015
    United States of America
    JAL
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of retrogression in the enjoyment of the right to health, including reproductive health, and physical integrity by women and girls in Texas, United States of America. According to the information received, further to the implementation of the Texas House Bill 2 (HB2) relating to the regulation of abortion procedures, providers and facilities, of the 41 abortion clinics which were open in Texas in May 2013, only 17 remain open today. Most of these clinics are located in Texas’ five largest cities, which implies that access to safe abortion has been most severely curtailed for poor, rural, and immigrant women unable to travel to urban centres. Serious concern is expressed that HB2 and its implementation appears to gravely undermine women and girls’ enjoyment of their rights to health, including reproductive health, and physical integrity, in contravention of international human rights law and standards.
Alleged victims: -
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23 Jun 2015
02 Jul 2015
    10 Feb 2015
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Follow-up letter in response to information submitted by the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning a practice note on Sharia succession rules published by the Law Society. This note was considered to be discriminatory against women, especially Muslim women and/or women from minority communities. In this follow-up communication, the Working Group on discrimination against women in law and in practice welcomed the Law Society’s withdrawal of the practice note from its website. It noted however, that although the Law Society is an independent body, the Government has a due diligence obligation under international human rights law to prevent discrimination against women by private organizations. The initial communication was sent on 11 November 2014, see A/HRC/28/85, case no. GBR 4/2014.
Alleged victims: -
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    05 Feb 2015
    Myanmar
    JAL
  • Myanmar
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of physical abuse, rape and murder of two female ethnic Kachin schoolteachers by members of the Myanmar army in Northern Shan State. According to the information received, during the night of 19 January 2015, two ethnic Kachin schoolteachers were physically abused, raped and murdered in their rooms in the dormitory inside the Kachin Baptist Convention church compound. The incident occurred in Kaung Kha village between Nan Taung and Mung Baw village tracts, Muse Township in the Northern Shan State. The two female victims, Maran Lu Ra, aged 20, and Tangbau Hkwan Nan Tsin, aged 21, were allegedly found in a state of undress with signs of having been beaten with a blunt instrument. Reports suggest that locals have accused soldiers of the 503rd Light Infantry Battalion of the Myanmar Army (Tatmadaw), who are stationed around 100 metres from where the incident took place, of being involved in the rape and murder of the two young women. Furthermore, it was reported that an initial investigation into the double murder failed to implicate Government soldiers, and that a military representative warned that legal action would be taken against those who accuse soldiers of involvement in this case.
Alleged victims: 2
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    27 Jan 2015
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention of a woman human rights defender and member of the Council for Defence of Educational Rights in Iran. According to the information received, on 24 October 2014, Ms. Mehdieh Golrou was arrested after her participation in a peaceful protest on 22 October 2014 to denounce a series of acid attacks against women in Ispahan. She was taken to Evin Prison, where she was held in solitary confinement for 60 days, before being moved to another cell. While Ms. Golrou is yet to be charged, her case has been referred to Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran. Although she is allowed family visits, which are always attended by interrogators, Ms. Golrou has not been allowed to consult with the defence lawyer appointed by her family.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    31 Dec 2014
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged arrest and detention of two Saudi female human rights activists, in apparent defiance of a ban on women driving in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. According to the information received, Ms. Loujain al-Hathloul and Ms. Maysaa al-Amoudi were arrested and detained for driving their cars into Saudi Arabia on 30 November 2014 and 1 December 2014 respectively. It is alleged that both women were ordered by the authorities to drive their cars onto Saudi territory in the understanding that they would have to make a U-turn and return to the United Arab Emirates. However, as soon as they crossed the border, they found the authorities waiting to arrest them. The women are reportedly being detained in Saudi Arabia and on 25 December 2014, they were referred to a Saudi court established to try terrorism cases, reportedly for comments they made on social media. It is alleged that both women were arrested as part of attempts by the authorities to hamper the legitimate work of human rights defenders and suppress their right to freedom of opinion and expression. Concerns are raised regarding the persistence of policies which discriminate against Saudi women and restrict their equal enjoyment of their rights.
Alleged victims: 2
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29 Jul 2015
    11 Dec 2014
    Dominican Republic
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones sobre las consecuencias negativas que la adopción de la reforma del Código Penal de la República Dominicana tendría al mantener la penalización total del aborto. De acuerdo con la información recibida, el 18 de noviembre de 2014, el Congreso dominicano aprobó una reforma integral del Código Penal, la cual establece que las mujeres que obtengan servicios de aborto, y quienes presten estos servicios, se expondrán a sanciones penales. Se informa que, el 28 de noviembre de 2014, el Presidente de la República Dominicana tomó la decisión de no promulgar el Código Penal y envió una serie de observaciones al Presidente de la Cámara de Diputados sobre los artículos que criminalizan la interrupción del embarazo. Se expresa preocupación sobre el hecho de que, de aprobarse, la reforma vulneraría derechos básicos de las mujeres y las adolescentes, incluido el derecho a la vida y al más alto nivel de salud física y mental.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    01 Dec 2014
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of abduction, child marriage and forced conversion to Islam in Pakistan. According to the information received, a 12-year-old Hindu girl was abducted, taken to a Madrassa “Dar Ul Uloom Ahsan Al Barakat”, forced into marriage and converted to Islam. Grave concern is raised that this case may be part of an ongoing pattern of violations affecting the Hindu religious minority community in Pakistan, as during October and November 2014 there have been at least four similar reported cases in Sindh Province alone. Particular concern is further expressed at allegations that Pakistan police in the above-mentioned cases have refused to duly fulfill their role and provide support and protection to parents belonging to the Hindu religious minority community, of which the daughters have been abducted.
Alleged victims: 7
More details...
    27 Nov 2014
    Lebanon
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, nationality legislation which confers unequal rights to women and men regarding the possibility of passing their nationality on to their children and spouses remains in force. This letter is sent in follow-up to a previous communication dated 14 March 2012, see A/HRC/20/30, case no. LBN 1/2012, in which concerns were raised on the draft law issued by the Cabinet at that time regarding the reinstatement of Lebanese nationality solely to descendants of Lebanese fathers and grandfathers.
Alleged victims: -
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22 Dec 2014
    21 Nov 2014
    Colombia
    JAL
  • indigenous peoples
  • health
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Presuntos obstáculos al disfrute del derecho al más alto nivel de salud física y mental por parte de ciertas comunidades indígenas residentes en el Departamento del Chocó. De acuerdo con la información recibida, preocupa especialmente que el sistema de salud no responda a las necesidades de las mujeres debido a una ausencia de perspectiva de género y que las causas de morbilidad y mortalidad en estas comunidades, en especial las que afectano a niños y niñas, se consideren como evitables y prevenibles.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    20 Nov 2014
    Guatemala
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones recibidas relacionadas con disposiciones en la legislación y en la práctica que discriminan a las mujeres y las niñas de manera directa o indirecta, tal como aquellas disposiciones en el Código Civil que consienten el matrimonio precoz y refuerzan determinados estereotipos en detrimento de la igualdad de género. Autorizar el matrimonio de las niñas menores de 18 años es una práctica discriminatoria, enraizada en las prácticas perjudiciales, consuetudinarias u otras basadas en roles estereotipados de hombres y mujeres, y de niñas y niños.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    United Arab Emirates
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, women in the United Arab Emirates can only confer their nationality to their children if the father is unknown, stateless, his nationality is not known or filiation has not been established.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Togo
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Lettre concernant des normes discriminatoires envers les femmes dans la loi sur la nationalité. Selon les informations reçues, la loi sur la nationalité de 1978 ne permet pas aux femmes togolaises de transmettre leur nationalité à leurs enfants (art. 3) sauf dans la situation où le père est apatride ou de nationalité inconnue, ce qui est en contradiction avec l’article 32 de la Constitution de 1992, qui accorde la nationalité togolaise aux enfants à la fois de pères ou de mères togolaises.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
15 Jan 2015
    14 Nov 2014
    Syrian Arab Republic
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, legislation in the Syrian Arab Republic discriminates against women in that they can only confer their nationality to their children if they are born in the Syrian Arab Republic and the father does not establish filiation in relation to the child.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Suriname
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, legislation in Suriname discriminates against women in that those children born abroad of unmarried parents acquire Surinamese citizenship by descent if their father is a Surinamese citizen but not if their mother is.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Sudan
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, the 1994 Nationality Act in Sudan is not fully harmonized with Article 7 of the Interim Sudanese Constitution. The Act allows children to automatically acquire the nationality of their father if he has been residing in Sudan since 1956, whereas women who want to confer their nationality to their children must go through a reportedly complex and difficult application process.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Somalia
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, the 1962 Somali Citizenship Law provides that only children of Somali fathers acquire Somali citizenship.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Sierra Leone
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, legislation in Sierra Leone discriminates against women in that children born abroad acquire Sierra Leonean citizenship by descent if their father is a Sierra Leonean citizen but not if their mother is a Sierra Leonean citizen.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Dec 2014
    14 Nov 2014
    Qatar
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in Qatar discriminates against women in that they are not permitted to transfer their nationality to their children under any circumstances even if this would result in statelessness.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
02 Feb 2015
    14 Nov 2014
    Oman
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in Oman discriminates against women in that, although women can confer nationality to their children born either in Oman or abroad if the fathers are unknown or are former Omani nationals, they do not enjoy equal rights in this respect with men.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Nepal
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in Nepal discriminates against women in that a child born to a Nepalese father acquires citizenship under all circumstances whereas children born in Nepal to Nepali mothers and foreign citizen fathers have to apply for citizenship through a naturalization process. Reportedly no children have acquired citizenship in this way.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Mauritania
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Lettre concernant des normes discriminatoires envers les femmes dans la loi sur la nationalité. Selon les informations reçues, la loi No. 061-112 du 12 juin 1961 sur la nationalité ne prévoit pas la transmission automatique de la nationalité aux enfants nés à l’étranger de mères mauritaniennes et de pères étrangers ou inconnus, sauf si la nationalité est demandée avant la majorité de l’enfant. Une mauritanienne ne peut transmettre sa nationalité à son mari étranger qu’après 10 ans de mariage, contrairement à un mauritanien dont la femme étrangère acquiert la nationalité mauritanienne au moment de la célébration du mariage.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Malaysia
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in Malaysia discriminates against women in that, although a child born in the country to either a Malaysian father or mother and a child born abroad to a Malaysian father acquire Malaysian nationality, a child born abroad to a Malaysian mother can only gain nationality at the discretion of the Federal Government through registration at an overseas Malaysian consulate or at the National Registration Department in Malaysia.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Madagascar
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Lettre concernant des normes discriminatoires envers les femmes dans la loi sur la nationalité. Selon les informations reçues, la loi actuelle sur la nationalité à Madagascar discrimine les femmes du fait que, les mères ne sont pas autorisées à transmettre leur nationalité à leurs enfants issus d’un mariage que lorsque le père est apatride ou de nationalité inconnue. En outre, les enfants nés de mères malgaches et de pères étrangers peuvent demander à acquérir la nationalité malgache jusqu’à ce qu’ils atteignent la majorité.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Libya
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in Libya discriminates against women in that Libyan women married to foreign nationals are not allowed to automatically pass their nationality to their children except in cases where the father is unknown, stateless, of unknown nationality or does not establish filiation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Liberia
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in Liberia, specifically the Aliens and Nationality Law (1973), discriminates against women in that children born abroad to Liberian mothers are excluded from acquiring Liberian citizenship.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Kuwait
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in Kuwait discriminates against women in that fathers can confer their nationality to their children in all circumstances while mothers cannot.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
20 Nov 2014
20 Nov 2014
23 Mar 2015
    14 Nov 2014
    Jordan
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in Jordan discriminates against women in that it only allows women nationals married to foreign nationals to pass their nationality to their children in certain circumstances, such as where fathers are unknown, stateless, of unknown nationality or do not establish filiation.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
20 Jan 2015
    14 Nov 2014
    Iraq
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, Iraq’s 2006 nationality law limits the ability of Iraqi women to confer their nationality to children born outside the country. In such cases, the child of an Iraqi mother may apply for Iraqi nationality within one year of reaching maturity, provided that the child’s father is unknown or stateless, and that the child resides in Iraq at the time of the application.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in the Islamic Republic of Iran does not provide women equal rights with men to confer their nationality to their children, since only men can confer their nationalities to their children in all circumstances.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Eswatini
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, legislation in Swaziland discriminates against women in that they are not able to confer their Swazi nationality to their children. Reportedly, according to the 2005 Constitution children born inside or outside of Swaziland prior to 2005 to at least one Swazi parent acquires Swazi citizenship but children born after 2005 only acquire citizenship from Swazi fathers.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Burundi
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Lettre concernant des normes discriminatoires envers les femmes dans la loi sur la nationalité. Selon les informations reçues, le Code de la nationalité de 2000 ne permet pas aux mères burundaises de transmettre leur nationalité à leurs enfants sauf quand ils sont nés hors mariage d’un père inconnu ou s’ils ont été reniés par leurs pères (art.4).
Alleged victims: -
More details...
07 Aug 2015
    14 Nov 2014
    Brunei Darussalam
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in Brunei Darussalam discriminates against women in that Bruneian women cannot transmit their nationality to their foreign husbands and children on an equal basis with Bruneian men married to foreign nationals. Furthermore, children of Bruneian women married to foreign nationals need to follow an application process to be accorded Bruneian citizenship, pursuant to Section 6 of the Brunei Nationality Act.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Jan 2015
    14 Nov 2014
    Barbados
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in Barbados discriminates against women in that, although a child born in the country to either a Barbadian father or mother acquires Barbadian nationality, only children born abroad from Barbadian fathers, not mothers, can acquire Barbadian nationality.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    14 Nov 2014
    Bahrain
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law in Bahrain discriminates against women in that it allows mothers to confer their nationality to their children born either in their home countries or abroad only if the fathers are unknown or stateless. On the contrary, men may automatically confer their nationality to their children.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
27 Jan 2015
    14 Nov 2014
    Bahamas
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter concerning discriminatory provisions against women in nationality legislation. According to the information received, current nationality law of The Bahamas discriminates against women in that, although a child born in the country to either a Bahamian father or mother acquires Bahamian nationality, children born abroad can acquire Bahamian nationality only if they are born to Bahamian fathers, not mothers. Furthermore, unlike Bahamian men, Bahamian women cannot pass on their nationality to their spouses of foreign nationality.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    11 Nov 2014
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged discriminatory provisions on the basis of sex in a practice note on Sharia succession rules issued by the Law Society of England and Wales, affecting Muslim women and/or women from minority communities. According to the information received, in March 2014, the Law Society published a practice note for solicitors to assist them in the use of Sharia law succession rules, particularly on drafting wills compliant with Sharia Law, trust issues and disputes over Sharia estates. Paragraph 3.6 of the note advises that “male heirs in most cases receive double the amount inherited by a female heir of the same class. Non-Muslims may not inherit at all, and only Muslim marriages are recognised.” Despite criticism regarding the alleged discriminatory provisions, the Law Society stated that it had no plans to withdraw this note and, in June 2014, reportedly held its first introductory training course on Islamic rules for law firms. Although the Law Society is an independent body, the Government has a due diligence obligation to prevent discrimination against women by private organisations.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
09 Jan 2015
    11 Nov 2014
    Other actors
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged discriminatory provisions on the basis of sex in a practice note on Sharia succession rules issued by the Law Society of England and Wales, affecting Muslim women and/or women from minority communities. According to the information received, in March 2014, the Law Society published a practice note for solicitors to assist them in the use of Sharia law succession rules, particularly on drafting wills compliant with Sharia Law, trust issues and disputes over Sharia estates. Paragraph 3.6 of the note advises that “male heirs in most cases receive double the amount inherited by a female heir of the same class. Non-Muslims may not inherit at all, and only Muslim marriages are recognised.” Despite criticism regarding the alleged discriminatory provisions, the Law Society stated that it had no plans to withdraw this note and, in June 2014, reportedly held its first introductory training course on Islamic rules for law firms.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
24 Nov 2014
09 Jan 2015
    03 Nov 2014
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • women in law and in practice
  • education
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
Allegations concerning persistence of legislation which directly or indirectly discriminates against women and girls, including provisions allowing for child marriage and polygamy. According to the information received, the 1929 Child Marriage Restraint Act, the 1872 Special Marriage Act and the 1961 Muslim Family Law Ordinance contravene international human rights law and standards in that they establish a different age for marriage for boys and girls, allow for girls to be married as young as 14 and permit polygamy. Concern is expressed that permitting girls’ marriage under the age of 18 is a discriminatory practice, rooted in prejudicial, customary or other practices based on stereotyped roles for men and women, and for boys and girls.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    31 Oct 2014
    Afghanistan
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged persistence of legislation which directly or indirectly discriminates against women and girls, including provisions allowing for child marriage and polygamy. According to the information received, the Civil Code, the Shiite Personal Status Law and other general laws contravene international human rights law and standards in that they permit girls as young as 16 years old to get married whereas boys cannot marry before they reach the age of 18, and permit polygamy and temporary marriages. Concern is expressed that permitting girls’ marriage under the age of 18 is a discriminatory practice, rooted in prejudicial, customary or other practices based on stereotyped roles for women and men, girls and boys.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    29 Oct 2014
    Nicaragua
    JAL
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones relativas a la denegación de acceso a la justicia a una víctima de violencia contra las mujeres y a su familia en Nicaragua. Según la información recibida, la Sra. Dina Alexandra Carrión fue encontrada muerta con un impacto de bala en el garaje de su casa el 3 de abril del 2010, presuntamente asesinada por su esposo. Se alega que desde el inicio de las investigaciones se observaron serias anomalías por parte de las autoridades quienes tipificaron el caso calificándolo como un suicidio. Según la información recibida, existieron una serie de irregularidades durante la investigación y el proceso judicial, así como un retardo injustificado por parte de las autoridades judiciales en responder a las solicitudes de partes y esclarecer diligentemente el fallecimiento de la Sra. Carrión. Se expresa preocupación por las alegaciones referentes a los obstáculos presentes en el sistema de justicia nicaragüense que impiden tanto la interposición de denuncias como el debido proceso judicial en los casos de violencia contra las mujeres.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    27 Oct 2014
    Nicaragua
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Supuesto impacto restrictivo que el Decreto No. 42-2014 que contiene el “Reglamento a la Ley 779, Ley Integral contra la violencia hacia las mujeres de Reformas a las Ley No. 641 “Código Penal”, tendría en la regulación de la protección de la violencia hacia la mujer. Según la información recibida, el 31 de julio de 2014, el Presidente de la República emitió el Decreto No. 42-2014 que contiene el “Reglamento a la Ley No. 779, Ley Integral contra la violencia hacia las mujeres y de reformas a la Ley No. 641 “Código Penal”. De acuerdo con la información recibida, este decreto presidencial restringiría y contradiría más aún la reformada Ley No. 779 que regula la violencia hacia las mujeres. La reforma a la Ley No. 779 fue objeto de una comunicación previa enviada el 26 de noviembre de 2013, vea A/HRC/25/74, caso NIC 2/2013.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
25 Nov 2014
    02 Oct 2014
    El Salvador
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones recibidas sobre la situación de 17 mujeres encarceladas por razones relacionadas con el embarazo y respecto a la penalización del aborto en El Salvador bajo cualquier circunstancia que no parece estar en conformidad con las leyes y normas internacionales de derechos humanos, ya que continúa restringiendo el derecho de las mujeres y las niñas a la integridad física y al más alto nivel posible de salud física y mental.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    25 Sep 2014
    Brunei Darussalam
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the non-compliance with international human rights standards of the Shariah Penal Code Order, 2013 (SPC), enacted in Brunei Darussalam. According to the information received, the SPC’s implementation is taking place in three phases. The first phase became operational on 1 May 2014. The second and third phases are expected to commence in 2015 and 2016 respectively. Reportedly, contrary to international human rights standards, the SPC provides inter alia, for the mandatory death penalty and its use for some non-violent acts, including same-sex relations, insulting Islam and its doctrines, and witchcraft. The SPC also stipulates stoning as a method of execution, as well as corporal punishment by amputation and flogging, and allows reliance merely on the accused’s confession in order to reach a guilty verdict. Concern is expressed that the SPC discriminates against women and religious minorities; institutionalizes gender-based stereotypes of women regarding their social role and responsibility to preserve the honour of the family; criminalizes blasphemy; and imposes restrictions on the right to freedom of opinion and expression.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
13 Nov 2014
11 Mar 2015
    16 Sep 2014
    Philippines
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of non-compliance of the reform of the Criminal Code with international human rights law, including the right of women and girls to the highest attainable standard of health and physical integrity. According to the information received, on 19 August 2014, the Department of Justice of the Philippines announced the completion of Book II of the Criminal Code, which does not contain any exceptions to the total ban on abortions. As a result, it is reported that the Criminal Code will continue to impose criminal penalties on women and girls undergoing abortions under any circumstances, leaving them at serious risk of abuse, harassment and discrimination, as well as prosecution and punishment.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    28 Jul 2014
    Spain
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Supuesto impacto restrictivo que el proyecto de “Ley orgánica para la protección de la vida del concebido y los derechos de la mujer embarazada” tendría en la salud sexual y reproductiva de las mujeres en España. Según la información recibida, desde 2010, la legislación española permitía a mujeres y niñas acceder a un aborto a petición, durante el período inicial del embarazo. Sin embargo, el 20 de diciembre de 2013, un proyecto de ley habría sido adoptado por parte del Consejo de Ministros, el cual limitaría las posibilidades de realizar abortos legales. De acuerdo con la información recibida, según el proyecto de ley, el acceso a abortos legales quedaría limitado únicamente a casos en los que la salud física o mental de la mujer se vea en peligro y en los que el embarazo sea el resultado de violencia sexual.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
31 Mar 2015
    28 Jul 2014
    Serbia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Alleged attacks, threats and acts of intimidation against members of a non-governmental organization (NGO) actively involved in commemorating the Srebrenica genocide of 1995. According to the information received, on 8 July 2014, during a commemoration of the genocide, Ms. Staša Zajovic, co-founder of the NGO Women in Black, and three staff members of the same organization, were physically and verbally attacked in Valjevo by a group of assailants, some of whom were wearing t-shirts bearing the image of Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic. The police reportedly failed to provide adequate protection. Prior to this incident, the then spokesperson of the Anti-Terrorist Unit of the Ministry of Interior had incited hooligans to act violently against members of Women in Black. A nationalist right wing organization also organized a hostile protest in front of the organization’s premises.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
18 Nov 2014
11 Dec 2014
    21 Jul 2014
    Morocco
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Suivi des recommandations formulées dans le rapport du Groupe de Travail sur sa visite officielle au Maroc en février 2012. Dans cette lettre, le Groupe de Travail propose un bref état des lieux quant aux avancées et principaux défis constatés depuis la visite. Tout en saluant les efforts déployés à ce jour par le Maroc concernant les questions de la garantie de l’égalité de genre et des droits fondamentaux des femmes, le Groupe de Travail soulève de nombreuses questions et inquiétudes quant aux défis et possibles entraves à la consolidation des acquis dans ce domaine.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
12 Nov 2014
12 Nov 2014
    21 Jul 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
Alleged arrest, imprisonment and denial of medical care to journalists and human rights activists in the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the information received, during the months of June and July 2014, a number of prominent journalists, women’s rights activists, a filmmaker and a blogger critical of the Government were arrested, charged and imprisoned for what appears to be the exercise of their rights to freedom of opinion and expression, and of peaceful assembly and association. Ms. Mahnaz Mohammadi and Mr. Mehdi Khazali were arrested, Ms. Reyhane Tabatabaie and Ms. Marzieh Rasouli were summoned to prison to serve their prison term, and Mr. Mashaollah Shamsolvaeizan was charged with propaganda against the State for having given interviews and speeches. Mr. Mashaollah Shamsolvaeizan was released after posting bail, whereas Mr. Khazali was released on health grounds. Ms. Mohammadi was the subject of two earlier communications sent on 7 March 2007, see A/HRC/7/14/Add.1, Para. 276, and 8 July 2011, see A/HRC/19/44, case no. IRN 9/2011. Ms. Rasouli was the subject of an earlier communication sent on 16 February 2012, see A/HRC/20/30, case no. IRN 1/2012.
Alleged victims: 5
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    18 Jul 2014
    Yemen
    JAL
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged discriminatory legislation and practices against women and girls in the Republic of Yemen allowing for child marriage and trafficking in girls for sexual purposes or “tourism marriage”. According to the information received, since the Personal Status Law No. 20 of 1992 was abrogated in 1999, there is no legislative framework in Yemen expressly specifying a minimum age of marriage. Current law permits marriage of a girl less than 15 years old, with the consent of her guardian. In 2009, the Government of Yemen reportedly introduced a bill proposing a minimum age of marriage for both girls and boys of 17 years. Following a debate in the Yemeni national Parliament in 2010, the Shari’a Legislative Committee reportedly made recommendations against establishing a minimum age of marriage, claiming that setting such a minimum age contradicted Islamic principles. Subsequent discussion of the bill was postponed.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    10 Jul 2014
    Sudan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • Sudan
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged arbitrary closure of a human rights organization promoting women’s rights and gender equality. According to the information received, on 24 June 2014, the Salmmah Women’s Resource Centre, a human rights association promoting women’s rights and gender equality registered with the Ministry of Justice, was closed down by the authorities. It is reported that this measure was taken a few weeks after the organization promoted women’s rights and gender equality in various fora.
Alleged victims: -
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26 Aug 2014
    10 Jul 2014
    Libya
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged killing of a human rights defender by unknown assailants in Benghazi, Libya. According to the information received, on 25 June 2014, Ms. Salwa Bugaighis, co-founder of the Libyan Women’s Platform for Peace and vice-chair of the Preparatory Commission for the National Dialogue, was shot dead by unknown assailants in her home in Benghazi. Her husband, Mr. Issam Bugaighis, who is a member of the Benghazi municipal council, has been reported missing since the attack. The assassination of Ms. Bugaighis came on the day of the country’s parliamentary elections in a climate of increased violence targeted at human defenders and political figures in Libya.
Alleged victims: 2
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    03 Jul 2014
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Alleged risk of imminent execution of a young woman, after being sentenced to death under “qesas” (“retribution-in-kind”) for killing her husband in 2010. According to the information received, Branch 17 of the Criminal Court in Ahvaz convicted Ms. Razieh Ebrahimi for murder in 2010 and sentenced her to death. Her execution was reportedly due to be implemented several months ago, but was halted after she told the authorities that she had committed the crime when she was 17 years old. A subsequent appeal by the legal counsel of Ms. Ebrahimi to the Supreme Court of Iran, on the grounds that she was a minor at the time of the crime and did not understand the consequences of her actions, was unsuccessful. Ms. Ebrahimi had been forced to marry at the age of 14 and allegedly “snapped” and killed her husband after suffering years of abuse, both physically and psychologically, by him.
Alleged victims: 1
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30 Sep 2014
    02 Jul 2014
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged arbitrary detention and ill-treatment of 24 human rights defenders, including several women human rights defenders, following a demonstration against Law 107. According to the information received, on 21 June 2014, over 30 protesters were arrested in Cairo. On 22 June 2012, 24 protesters were charged with inter alia “sabotaging public properties” and “taking part in showing off force with the objective of terrorizing the public.” The first hearing of the 24 arrested protestors, including Ms. Yara Sallam, member of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) and Ms. Sanaa Seif (member of the “No to Military Trials for Civilians” campaign) took place on 29 June 2014 and the next hearing has been scheduled for 13 September 2014. Grave concern is expressed at the alleged ill-treatment in custody of women human rights defenders protesting Law 107. Four previous communications have been sent on Law 107; on 12 February 2013, see A/HRC/23/51, case no. EGY 4/2013; on 17 April 2013, see A/HRC/24/21, case no. EGY 6/2013; on 24 December 2013, see A/HRC/26/21, case no. EGY 19/2013; and on 19 June 2014, see above case no. EGY 8/2014.
Alleged victims: 5
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28 Nov 2014
    01 Jul 2014
    India
    JAL
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • minority issues
  • water and sanitation
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged abduction, gang-rape, and murder of two teenage girls and failure of the authorities to effectively respond after their abductions were reported. According to the information received, on the night of 27 May 2014, Ms. X and Ms. Y, both minors, were abducted as they walked to a field to relieve themselves because they had no access to sanitation at home. After being made aware of this incident, the girls’ fathers reportedly went to the police station in the village to report their daughters as missing. However, the local police officers insulted them and refused to help, reportedly because the two young women belonged to a lower caste. The girls were later found dead, hanging from a tree in a mango orchard. It is reported that they had been gang-raped before they were killed.
Alleged victims: 2
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    26 Jun 2014
    Egypt
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • terrorism
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
  • truth
  • justice
  • reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence
Allegations concerning the confirmation of death sentences against 220 individuals in Egypt, following unfair and politically motivated trials. According to the information received, on 24 March 2014, a Court in Minya sentenced 529 people to death on charges related to an attack in August 2013 on a police station in Matay, in protest of the violent dispersal of supporters of former President Mohamed Morsi. The sentences were pronounced following legal proceedings reportedly marred with irregularities. On 28 April 2014, another group of 683 individuals were provisionally sentenced to death by the same Court in connection to an attack on a police station in al-Adwa, following a similar trial purportedly similarly procedurally flawed. Also on 28 April 2014, the Court confirmed 37 of the 529 provisional death sentences imposed on 24 March 2014. On 21 June 2014, the Court upheld 183 of the 683 provisional death sentences imposed on 28 April 2014. The defendants are all allegedly supporters of former president Mohamed Morsi.
Alleged victims: -
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04 Jul 2014
    13 Jun 2014
    Indonesia
    JUA
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged gang rape of a woman accused of engaging in extramarital sex and subsequent threat of corporal punishment by caning. According to the information received, on 7 May, 2014, Ms. X, a 26-year-old woman from Kampung Lhok Bani, Kota Langsa, was gang raped by a group of eight vigilantes who accused her of engaging in extramarital sex. After the assault took place, the attackers took Ms. X to the Shariah police where it was determined that she should be caned as a form of punishment for allegedly engaging in extramarital sex. Serious concern is expressed regarding the physical and psychological integrity of Ms. X, and information indicating that she could, despite being a victim of gang rape, be subjected to corporal punishment through caning.
Alleged victims: 1
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    05 Jun 2014
    Pakistan
    JUA
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged brutal murder of a 25-year-old woman by members of her own family in what they describe as a crime in the name of honour. According to the information received, on 27 May 2014, Ms. Farzana Praveen and Mr. X were on their way to the Lahore High Court to make a statement that Ms. Praveen had married Mr. X of her own free will, after her father filed a complaint of kidnapping against Mr. X. A short distance from the High Court gate, the couple was reportedly stopped by Ms. Praveen’s father, her two brothers, three cousins, and approximately 20 other men and women. Ms. Praveen was beaten up until she fell down. One of her brothers then reportedly delivered several blows to her head with a brick, resulting in her death. Serious concern is expressed that the brutal killing of Ms. Praveen took place outside of the Lahore High Court allegedly without the intervention of police or other law enforcement officials and that, in general, gender-motivated killings of women, including killings in the name of honour, do not receive stringent punishment.
Alleged victims: 1
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    14 May 2014
    Sudan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Sudan
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of arbitrary detention, denial of a fair trial and due process, ill-treatment and the issuing of an unlawful sentence on the basis of unfounded evidence and improper indictment on grounds of adultery and/or of apostasy. According to the information received Ms. Meriam Ibrahim, a 27-year-old pregnant Sudanese woman, is currently detained at Omdurman’s Women Prison near Khartoum with her 20 month-old son. She is facing the punishments of public flogging and execution under the 1991 Criminal Act if found guilty of charges of apostasy and adultery in a hearing to be held by Sudan’s Criminal Court on 15 May 2014. Concerns are expressed at the physical and mental safety of Ms. Ibrahim, a pregnant woman in prison with her son under harsh conditions; the existence of legislation that permits flogging; at the restrictions on Ms. Ibrahim’s right to practice and profess peacefully her religious beliefs; and at her right to a fair trial and due process.
Alleged victims: 1
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    06 May 2014
    United States of America
    JAL
  • racism
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged prosecution and conviction of a domestic violence survivor, after she fired a warning shot into the ceiling, during an altercation with her abuser. According to the information received, Ms. Marissa Alexander, an African-American woman from Florida, was arrested on 1 August 2010, after shooting upward into the ceiling during an altercation with her abusive husband. Ms. Alexander reportedly had earlier obtained a court issued “Injunction for Protection” against her husband. It is reported that no one was injured from the shot fired by Ms. Alexander. She was nonetheless, charged with three counts of aggravated assault with a deadly weapon with no intent to harm. Subsequent to her sentencing, Ms. Alexander filed for appeal, and her retrial is scheduled for July 28, 2014. The State Attorney allegedly continues the prosecution of Ms. Alexander, and is now seeking 3 consecutive 20-year sentences.
Alleged victims: 1
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18 Jul 2014
    07 Mar 2014
    Tunisia
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Allégation concernant certaines dispositions de la nouvelle Constitution de la République tunisienne soulèvant des préoccupations au regard des normes internationales des droits de l’homme. Selon les informations reçues, un projet de loi déposée devant l’Assemblée Nationale Constituante vise la révision ou l’annulation d’un décret-loi relatif à la levée des réserves à la Convention sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes (CEDEF). Toutefois, le Groupe de travail salue certaines avancées en matière d’égalité de genre et de protection des droits fondamentaux des femmes dans la nouvelle Constitution qui a été adoptée et promulguée respectivement le 26 et 27 Janvier 2014. Des communications ont été envoyées précédemment par le Groupe de travail s’agissant du processus de rédaction de la Constitution le 4 août 2011, réf. A/HRC/19/44, no. TUN 2/2011 et le 16 août 2012, réf. A/HRC/22/67/Corr.2, no. TUN 3/2012.
Alleged victims: -
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    10 Feb 2014
    Pakistan
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged abolition of a quota system following a Constitutional amendment in 2010, resulting in decreased women’s political representation in four provinces in Pakistan. According to the information received, following the 18th Constitutional amendment in 2010 devolving local Government to the provinces in Pakistan, four provinces, Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, reportedly promulgated legislation to govern the formation of local governments. This legislation allegedly replaced the 2001 Local Governance Ordinance which expired in 2009 and with it the Local Government System which stipulated 33% seats reserved for women at the grass-roots level. This quota had reportedly provided the opportunity for many women to enter politics and it has been alleged that its loss has significantly reduced women’s political participation in the provinces. It has also been alleged that the use of the mixed method of elections denies women candidates on reserved seats the opportunity to gain direct votes from communities.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
    05 Feb 2014
    Kuwait
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of arbitrary arrest and detention of a Kuwaiti national on the basis of her gender identity. According to the information received, Ms. X was arrested by the police in the Hawalli neighbourhood on 21 January 2014 and taken to the Salmiya main branch of the Department of Criminal Investigation. On 23 January 2014, she was reportedly transferred to the Kuwait Central Prison and remained in detention at the time of writing. She was reportedly charged with “imitation of the opposite sex”, which is a criminal offence under Amendment 198 of the Kuwaiti Penal Code. According to reports, Ms. X had no prior criminal record and there was no indication that she was suspected of committing any criminal offence at the time of the arrest. She was arrested only on the basis of her gender identity and expression.
Alleged victims: 1
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    03 Feb 2014
    Kenya
    JAL
  • violence against women
  • housing
  • food
  • poverty
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of discrimination against women caused by provisions contained in the 2013 Matrimonial Property Bill. According to the information received, the 2013 Matrimonial Property Bill, adopted by the National Parliament of the Republic of Kenya on 12 November 2013, denies women the right to marital property upon divorce or death of their spouse, unless they can prove they made a financial contribution during their marriage. It has also been reported that only a minority of women own land title deeds in their own names or jointly with men in Kenya and that traditional customary laws regard property as the sole preserve of men, with women often struggling to provide for themselves and their children when they are widowed, divorced or separated.
Alleged victims: -
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    28 Jan 2014
    Sri Lanka
    JAL
  • migrants
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged discrimination against women of a circular issued by the Sri Lanka Bureau of Foreign Employment. According to the information received, Circular No. 13/2013, issued by the Sri Lanka Bureau of Foreign Employment on 7 June 2013, requests all licensed foreign employment agencies to obtain an assurance of the state of health and actual state of affairs at home from female domestic migrant workers in order to issue a clearance of “their state of affairs” in Sri Lanka so as to migrate for work abroad. It is alleged that the provisions of this circular discriminate against women and restrict their rights to freedom of movement and work.
Alleged victims: -
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27 May 2014
    22 Jan 2014
    United Arab Emirates
    JAL
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged detention, ill treatment and conviction of a woman, victim of rape who reported the crime to the police. According to information received, in the evening of 5 March and the early hours of 6 March 2013, Ms. X, a Norwegian national, was raped by a colleague at the hotel where she was staying, while on a business trip to Dubai. After reporting the rape to the police, Ms. X was placed in detention for four days, during which time she was allegedly held in an overcrowded communal cell with poor ventilation and sanitation facilities; not offered the opportunity of contacting either the Norwegian consulate, nor a lawyer or her family; forced to endure threats and intimidation by police officers; and made to sign documents she did not understand. On 16 July 2013, a Misdemeanour Court convicted and sentenced her to a total of 16 months in prison for, among others, “engaging in consensual sexual relations outside of marriage” and “illegal consumption of alcohol”.
Alleged victims: 1
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13 Mar 2014
    16 Jan 2014
    Fiji
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged abduction and rape of a woman, followed by her arbitrary detention. According to information received, on 28 November 2013, Ms. X, age 21, was forcefully abducted and raped by her ex-boyfriend. After reporting this incident to the Sigatoka police, she continued to be threatened and harassed by the perpetrator, and no action was taken to detain him or investigate the matter. On 1 January 2014, Ms. X was taken into police custody accused of providing false information, faking a kidnapping, and sending threats to herself. She was taken into custody for six days. It is reported that Ms. X did not have access to a court-appointed lawyer during her detention; she has continued to receive threats by the alleged perpetrator, and has suffered acts of intimidation, violence and coercion by the police.
Alleged victims: 1
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    29 Nov 2013
    Sudan
    JUA
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Sudan
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged risk of corporal punishment of up to 40 lashes of Ms Najlaa Mohammed Ali and Mr Amin Senada. According to information received, on 21 October 2013, Ms Ali and Mr Senada were arrested by members of Sudan’s police and security forces in Port Sudan and charged with ‘indecent behaviour’ for riding in the same car together. If convicted, both would be at risk of being flogged with up to 40 lashes in line with Article 152 of Sudan’s 1991 Criminal Code.
Alleged victims: 2
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    28 Nov 2013
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • health
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Allegations concerning legislation which discriminates against women and girls, including provisions allowing for child marriage, including between a child and legal guardian, and polygamy. According to the information received, article 1401 of the Civil Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran provides for marriage of girls at 13 years; the 2013 Family Protection Law of the Islamic Republic of Iran reportedly allows for two types of marriage contracts, full or temporary, and polygamy is also legal under this law. Furthermore, on 22 September 2013, the Islamic Consultative Assembly reportedly ratified the “Unsupervised or III Supervised Children and Youth Protection Bill”, Article 27 of which allows for a marriage between a child and his/her legal guardian in circumstances where a child “has reached maturity / puberty” and “marriage with the guardian would be in the best interests of the child”.
Alleged victims: -
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14 Feb 2014
    26 Nov 2013
    Nicaragua
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones en relación con la reforma de la Ley contra la violencia hacia las mujeres y de reformas del Código Penal de Nicaragua. Según la información recibida, el 25 de septiembre de 2013, la Asamblea Nacional aprobó la “Ley de Modificación al Artículo 46 y Adición a los Artículos 30 y 32 de la Ley 779, titulada Ley Integral contra la Violencia hacia las Mujeres y de Reformas a la Ley No. 641, Código Penal”. Resulta preocupante observar que, tras la aprobación de un marco legislativo comprensivo para la lucha contra la violencia de género, se haya introducido un mecanismo de mediación que supone un agravamiento en la situación de vulnerabilidad de las víctimas. Se considera absolutamente desafortunado el hecho que esta reforma pueda poner a las víctimas de violencia de género ante un riesgo aún mayor.
Alleged victims: -
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20 Jan 2014
    21 Nov 2013
    Spain
    JAL
  • migrants
  • health
  • trafficking in persons
  • poverty
  • foreign debt
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged concerns over the impact of austerity measures on people living in poverty in Spain, in particular the effects on the equal enjoyment of their human right to the highest attainable standard of health. According to the information received, a combination of budgetary, legislative and administrative measures structurally modified the Spanish healthcare system, from a model based on the right to health recognized universally for all persons to a multi-layered model, which bases delivery on the economic and employment condition of the beneficiary. Specific groups have been particularly affected by this situation, including older persons, people living with chronic diseases such as HIV/AIDS, migrants, women (especially those disproportionately exposed to gender-based violence and victims of trafficking in persons) and youth/children.
Alleged victims: -
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24 Jan 2014
    06 Nov 2013
    Sudan
    JUA
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Sudan
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged risk of corporal punishment of up to 40 lashes of Ms Amira Osman Hamed. According to information received, Ms Osman Hamed, a 35-year-old civil engineer and women’s rights activist, was charged with ‘indecent or immoral dress’ for refusing to wear a headscarf. If found guilty, Ms Osman Hamed could face corporal punishment of up to 40 lashes. Serious concern was expressed regarding the physical and psychological integrity of Ms Osman Hamed, and the existence of legislation that permits corporal punishment of women.
Alleged victims: 1
More details...
    04 Nov 2013
    Ecuador
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Supuesto impacto que el nuevo Código Penal de Ecuador tendría en la salud sexual y reproductiva de las mujeres en Ecuador. Según la información recibida, el actual Código Penal sólo permite el aborto si se practica para evitar un peligro para la vida o salud de la mujer embarazada, o si el embarazo es consecuencia de una violación, pero únicamente en una mujer que padezca de discapacidad mental. El nuevo Código Penal, cuya propuesta se discute actualmente en la Asamblea Nacional, no ampliaría los casos de despenalización del aborto. Se expresa preocupación ya que, en caso de que el Código Penal no sea revisado y modificado de acuerdo con las garantías de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos, el aborto continuará siendo criminalizado, lo que aumentaría el número de abortos inseguros y el riesgo de las mujeres a sufrir graves y duraderas consecuencias para su salud física y mental, incluyendo riesgo de muerte y discapacidad.
Alleged victims: -
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06 Jan 2014
    21 Oct 2013
    Haiti
    JUA
  • Haiti
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Allégations d’une attaque et d’une série d’actes d’intimidation et de menaces contre deux femmes défenseures des droits de l’homme. Selon les informations reçues, Mme Malya Villard Apollon et Mme Eramithe Delva auraient fait l’objet d’actes d’intimidation et de menaces et leurs enfants auraient subi une tentative d’enlèvement. Par ailleurs, les quatre chiens de Mme Apollon auraient été empoisonnés. Selon les dernières informations, le 23 août 2013, la maison de Mme Apollon aurait été prise d’assaut par un groupe d’hommes armés. Mme Apollon et Mme Delva travaillent pour la Commission des Femmes Victimes pour les Victimes (KOFAVIV), une organisation de femmes actives dans les zones les plus pauvres de Port-au-Prince.
Alleged victims: 2
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    08 Oct 2013
    Zimbabwe
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged excessive use of force by police and arbitrary arrest of individuals exercising their right to freedom of peaceful assembly. According to the information received, on 19 September 2013, police dispersed a peaceful demonstration organized by the Women and Men of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA), a civic movement that defends women’s rights and freedoms. Three leaders of the Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA), Ms Jenni Williams, Ms Magodonga Mahlangu and Ms Taurai Nyamanhindi, were arrested, before being released a few hours later. It is reported that WOZA members have been subjected to harassment due to their human rights activities for several years. WOZA members have been the subject of previous communications by Special Procedures mandate-holders dated 27 February 2012 (A/HRC/20/30), 26 October 2011 (A/HRC/19/44), 8 July 2011 (A/HRC/19/44), 22 April 2010 (A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, para 2536), 21 January 2010 (A/HRC/16/44/Add.1, para 2314-2316), 8 July 2008 (A/HRC/10/12/Add.1, para 2829-2833), 6 June 2008 (A/HRC/10/12/Add.1, para. 2799-2813), 12 June 2007 (A/HRC/7/28/Add.1, para 2077-2081), 7 December 2006 (A/HRC/7/28/Add.1, para 2050-2053), 15 September 2006 (A/HRC/4/37/Add.1, para 741), 16 February 2006 (A/HRC/4/37/Add.1, para 735), 28 June 2005 (E/CN.4/2006/95/Add.1, para 607), 20 May 2005 (E/CN.4/2006/95/Add.1, para 606), 19 April 2005 (E/CN.4/2006/95/Add.1, para 605), and 29 September 2004 (E/CN.4/2005/101/Add.1, para 622).
Alleged victims: 3
More details...
24 Oct 2013
    23 Sep 2013
    Republic of Moldova
    JUA
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of gang-rape of a pregnant woman by seven men; and of threats and acts of violence, harassment and intimidation by the alleged perpetrators. According to the information received, on 17 August 2013, while returning home, Ms X was approached by a young individual who offered to accompany her to the village of Y, her hometown. Soon after she accepted, Ms X was forced to get in a mini-bus and was taken to a field outside the village of Y. Ms X was brutally gang-raped by 7 men during the whole night. On 22 August 2013, five persons allegedly broke into Ms X’s house and threatened to kill her. It is reported that the alleged perpetrators were only apprehended by the police after a relative of Ms X had filed a formal complaint, and that they were released within 72 hours. It is further reported that the parents of the alleged perpetrators and a police officer visited Ms X and her relative at their home and forced her to sign a written declaration affirming that she had no complaint of rape against the alleged perpetrators. It is further alleged that the police failed to respond quickly and effectively after the above incidents were reported and that those officers investigating this case colluded with the alleged perpetrators.
Alleged victims: 1
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04 Mar 2014
    18 Sep 2013
    Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Presunta inadecuación de las disposiciones del Código Penal relativas a la penalización de los servicios de salud sexual y reproductiva con respecto a las obligaciones internacionales de derechos humanos. Tras la solicitud del Alto tribunal de la opinión de expertos independientes de las Naciones Unidas, esta carta presenta la opinión de dichos expertos sobre las obligaciones internacionales de derechos humanos en el contexto de la reproducción sexual y reproductiva con el fin de asistir al Alto Tribunal en la decisión sobre la revisión de los artículos 263 a 266 del Código Penal. La carta transmite la preocupación de que si el Código Penal no se revisa de acuerdo con las debidas garantías de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos consagrados en la Constitución Política de Bolivia y el derecho internacional de derechos humanos, la continua penalización del aborto incrementará el número de abortos inseguros exponiendo a las mujeres a consecuencias graves y duraderas para su salud física y mental, incluyendo el riesgo de muerte y discapacidad.
Alleged victims: -
More details...
20 Sep 2013
    12 Sep 2013
    Saudi Arabia
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged crackdown on human rights defenders, including arrests, detention, unfair trials and the use of torture. According to the information received, on 15 June 2013, Ms Wajeha Al-Huwaider and Ms Fawzia Al-Oyouni were sentenced to ten months imprisonment. On 3 July 2013, Mr Mohammed Saleh Al-Bajady´s family received news of him after almost 10 months of detention. Mr M. Saleh Al-Ashwan remained in preventative detention for over a year after his arrest and there have been allegations of torture. On 17 June 2013, Mr Miklif Al-Shammari was sentenced to five years of imprisonment despite allegations of torture, which remained uninvestigated. Mr Omar Al-Saeed was detained on 28 April 2013, physically harassed and forced to attend secret trials. Mr Fowzan Al-Harbi was subjected to judicial harassment and prevented from travelling. Mr Abdulkareem Al-Khoder was sentenced to eight years imprisonment on 24 June 2013, as a result of an allegedly unfair trial and intimidation of his lawyer.
Alleged victims: 9
More details...
    11 Sep 2013
    Iraq
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged violent attack against the residents of Camp Ashraf. According to the information received, on 1 September 2013, the residents of Camp Ashraf were subjected to a violent attack. While the facts were still being established, there were allegations that the attack might have been perpetrated by the Iraqi security forces. As a result, 52 individuals were reportedly killed and others were injured. It is alleged that the persons killed did not manifest any signs of aggression. In addition, seven residents of the camp, namely Ms Mahnaz Azizi, Ms Vajihe Karbalaey, Ms Fatehma Sakhie, Ms Fatemeh Tahoori, Ms Lila Nabahat, Ms Zahra Ramezany, and Mr Mohammad Ratebi, were reportedly abducted during the attack. It is alleged that they may be held by the Iraqi security forces and at the time of writing were at risk of imminent extradition to the Islamic Republic of Iran. The 42 residents, who remained in Camp Ashraf, were allegedly threatened with another attack.
Alleged victims: -
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11 Nov 2013
    10 Sep 2013
    Armenia
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of threats and harassment of Armenian women’s non-governmental organizations and women human rights defenders. According to the information received, the Women’s Resource Centre, a grass-roots non-governmental organization combatting discrimination based on gender and providing psychological and legal support to survivors of gender-based violence in Armenia, has been the subject of online threats and calls for violence against it following the adoption of draft Law No. 57 on Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities for Men and Women by the Armenian Parliament in May 2013. Reportedly, extremist groups manipulating the meaning of some provisions in the above-mentioned law and disseminate misleading information on social networks sites describing women’s NGOs and women human rights defenders as, inter alia, “traitors of the nation” and “destroyers of families”.
Alleged victims: -
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27 Feb 2014
    30 Aug 2013
    Slovakia
    JAL
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged 2011 legislative ban on the coverage of contraceptives under public health insurance which discriminates against women and adolescent girls. According to the information received, Act No. 363/2011 Coll. of Laws prohibits public health insurance coverage of any form of modern contraception if intended, under Art I. sections 16(4)(e)(1) and 37(5)©(6), “for the regulation of conception”. It is alleged that, in comparison with men, this ban disproportionally affects women’s enjoyment of many economic and social rights including the right to health, the right to work and participation in public life. It has also been reported that there is currently inadequate instruction on sex education in schools and that health workers are unable to adequately advise women on use of contraception.
Alleged victims: -
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12 Nov 2013
    28 Aug 2013
    Bahrain
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of arbitrary detention, torture and ill-treatment of Ms Rihanna Al-Musawi and Ms Nafeesa Al-Asfoor, and of lack of judicial safeguards while in detention; and of arbitrary detention of Mr Abas Al-Asfoor. According to the information received, on 20 April 2013, Ms Rihanna Abdulla Al-Musawi, Ms Nafeesa Al-Asfoor and Mr Abas Ibrahim Ahmed Al-Asfoor were arrested at the Bahrain International Circuit on charges of attempting to commit a terrorist act at the Formula 1 race competition. On 29 April 2013, during interrogations at Riffa Police Station, masked men reportedly beat and threatened Ms Rihanna Al-Musawi, and Ms Al-Asfoor with electric shocks and arresting relatives for the purposes of extracting confessions. The whereabouts of Mr Abas Al-Asfoor remained unknown at the time of transmission of this communication.
Alleged victims: 3
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01 Oct 2013
    29 Jul 2013
    Republic of Moldova
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • health
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged risk of restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly. According to the information received, the recent adoption of Law n°117 completing the Contravention Code could potentially limit the rights to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons and advocacy organizations. Concerns are expressed regarding the impact that that law could have on the promotion of the right to health in the Republic of Moldova, including of LGBT persons. Further concerns are expressed regarding the detrimental impact of the law on combatting the spreading of HIV/AIDS in the country.
Alleged victims: -
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08 Nov 2013
    09 Jul 2013
    Egypt
    JUA
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations relating to at least 90 cases of sexual violence against women since 30 June 2013 during protests, partly due to the absence of police. According to the information received, during several protests that have taken place in Egypt since 30 June 2013, numerous cases of sexual violence against women protesters have been recorded, partly due to the lack of police presence.
Alleged victims: -
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    04 Jul 2013
    India
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of arbitrary detention and forcible dispersal of women human rights defenders in the context of a peaceful protest in West Bengal. According to the information received, on 13 June 2013, at approximately 7.30 a.m., a group of human rights defenders from the women’s human rights network “Maitree” reportedly held a peaceful demonstration in the proximity of the residence of the Chief Minister of West Bengal. Defenders were protesting against the inadequate response by the Chief Minister to cases of gang-rape and killing of a 20 year old student as she returned home from Kamduni college on 7 June 2013, and of a 14-year-old schoolgirl in the Nadia district shortly after, on 10 June 2013.
Alleged victims: -
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    28 Jun 2013
    Lesotho
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged legislative discrimination against women in relation to succession rights. According to information received, a recent decision by the Lesotho High Court upheld a provision of the Chieftainship Act No 10 of 1968, which discriminates against women. Section 10 of this Act is a restatement and codification of Lesotho customary law regarding succession to the office of a Chief. Sections 10(2) & (3) of the Act only allow a son of a Chief to succeed to that office, denying the same right to a daughter. If no son is available Section 10(4) of the Act allows a Chief’s wife to succeed; however, once that wife’s tenure ends, only the brother or uncle of the previous male Chief may succeed. Despite the Lesotho Constitution protecting freedom from discrimination in section 18, sections 18(4)(b) & (c) create an exception for laws such as “application[s] of the customary law of Lesotho”.
Alleged victims: -
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02 Sep 2013
    28 Jun 2013
    Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    JAL
  • religion or belief
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Allegations concerning the revised Islamic Penal Code which provides for the use of the death penalty for some non-violent acts and discriminates against women and religious minorities. According to the information received, the revised Islamic Penal Code (IPC), which was approved by the Parliament and subsequently signed by the President on 1 June 2013, provides for the use of the death penalty for some non-violent acts and discriminates against women and religious minorities. It retains stoning as punishment and provides for the death penalty for sodomy for the non-Muslim party in same-sex relations; insulting the Prophet Mohammad; possessing or selling illicit drugs;, theft for the fourth time; Moharebeh (enmity against God) and Fisad-fil-arz (corruption on earth). The Code also incorporates diverse corporal punishments inter alia, amputation, flogging and crucifixion.
Alleged victims: -
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    13 Jun 2013
    Nepal
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of violent dispersal by law enforcement authorities of peaceful demonstrations organized by Kamlari activists in Nepal. According to the information received, from 31 May to 4 June, the police violently dispersed a series of peaceful protests held in Kathmandu, Dang, Kailai and Kanchanpur. The mentioned protests were organized by freed Kamlari activists to ensure accountability for the killing of a 12-year old Kamlari girl in Dang in March 2013. Moreover, Kamlari activists were protesting more generally against the Kamaiya traditional system of bonded labour in place in several parts of Nepal. In the course of the police operations, police officers injured many and sexually assaulted some protestors. The police also detained groups of protestors for several hours.
Alleged victims: -
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    18 Apr 2013
    El Salvador
    JUA
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Alegaciones recibidas sobre la situación de una mujer, a quien se le habría negado los procedimientos médicos necesarios para salvar su vida, misma que estaría en peligro por sufrir una patología grave resultado de un embarazo no viable. Segun la información recibida, la señora Beatriz Adriana García, de 22 años de edad, presenta una patología grave con un grado alto de peligro de muerte por cursar un embarazo que, además de poner en peligro la vida de la madre, no tendría viabilidad de sobrevivencia extrauterina por presentar anencefalia fetal. A pesar del diagnóstico, no se habrían aplicado los procedimientos necesarios para interrumpir el embarazo ya que la terminación del embarazo está prohibida bajo cualquier circunstancia en El Salvador.
Alleged victims: 1
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20 May 2013
    22 Mar 2013
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • education
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of forced cessation of activities of a human rights non-governmental organization working on, inter alia, women’s rights in Gilgit-Baltistan. According to the information received, on 25 February 2013, the Home Secretary of Gilgit-Baltistan, upon reception of a letter from the Home Department of Gilgit-Baltistan, issued an order to deputy commissioners and police officers of various districts to stop all activities of AGHE-Pakistan. This decision was allegedly taken due to pressure from religious extremist groups, which had previously made threats to members of the NGO to compel them to stop working on women's rights and girls’ education. AGHE-Pakistan has reportedly been the target of a defamation campaign by sectarian and fundamentalist groups which publicly labeled the NGO as a foreign organization; a number of government agencies reportedly exerted pressure on the organization to stop various projects funded by foreign donors
Alleged victims: -
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25 Mar 2013
    18 Mar 2013
    Czech Republic
    JAL
  • racism
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Possible establishment of a compensation mechanism for victims of non-consensual sterilizations in the Czech Republic. According to the information received, on 9 September 2004, the first in a series of complaints was filed to the Public Defender of Rights (“Ombudsman”) of the Czech Republic by a group of Romani women with allegations of non-consensual sterilization. These led first to a comprehensive report on the issue by the Ombudsman in 2005, and then in 2009 to an official expression of regret by the Government. On 17 February 2012, the Government Council for Human Rights recommended payment of compensation to all women victims of sterilization procedures carried out not in conformity with the legislation. The Government is yet to favorably consider the Council’s recommendations.
Alleged victims: -
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24 May 2013
    26 Feb 2013
    Maldives
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning legal provisions that allow sentencing of sexually abused minors on charges of fornication. According to the information received, a number of cases of sexually abused minors sentenced to flogging on charges of fornication have been reported in the news media. The Penal Code lacks specific provisions criminalizing sexual violence. In the absence of this, sentencing judges can resort to subsidiary law to sentence juveniles who have been victims of sexual violence on charges of fornication.
Alleged victims: -
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    13 Feb 2013
    Iraq
    JUA
  • religion or belief
  • sale of children
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • minority issues
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged abduction of a minor girl by a man, for the purpose of marriage and converting her to Islam. According to the information received, on 9 January 2013, Ms X, an 11-year old girl from the Yazidi community of northern Iraq was forcefully abducted by Mr. Y of the Goran tribe, from Kalakchi village. Mr. Y is a 20-year old vegetable vendor who has been selling his produce at the market of Sheikha. Ms X was forced into a car and taken away by Mr. Y. The alleged intention of Mr. Y was to marry the girl, and it is feared that she may have been raped. It is reported that the two individuals have since married. The father of the abducted girl reported the incident to police authorities, including to the Alqush Police Station which forwarded the file to the Telkaif Court. Furthermore, the father opened a case with the Shekhan Court, which belongs to the Kurdistan Regional Government, but no investigation or prosecution had taken place at the time of sending the communication.
Alleged victims: 1
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    11 Feb 2013
    Egypt
    JUA
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Allegation of repeated excessive use of force and physical assaults against protesters; and the adoption of emergency orders resulting in further restrictions to fundamental freedoms. According to the information received, since 24 January 2013, thousands of individuals have been participating in mass protests in Cairo and in other cities to mark the second anniversary of the revolution and to call for political reforms. During these protests, numerous cases of excessive use of force by police have been reported. Moreover, the protests have been characterized by a large number of sexual assaults against female protesters in Cairo’s Tahrir square. Reportedly, the number of sexual harassment cases has dramatically increased since November 2012. On 27 and 30 November 2012, Ms. Janet Abdel Alim, a rights activist, was sexually harassed in Cairo’s Tahrir Square, when she intervened to protect a colleague from being sexually harassed. In reaction to clashes and violence which have occurred during recent protests, President Morsi declared, on Sunday 27 January, a state of emergency, which will provide the authorities with the right to bring civilians before military courts.
Alleged victims: 1
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    08 Feb 2013
    Ireland
    JAL
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations concerning the impact of Ireland’s restrictive abortion laws on the reproductive health of women and girls. According to the information received, women and girls in Ireland are unable to access medical services for abortion under any circumstances, including where pregnancy poses a risk to the lives or health of women, cases of rape or incest, and cases where the foetus will not survive until the end of term. Procuring or assisting in an unlawful abortion is a criminal offence reportedly punishable by up to life imprisonment. It is also alleged that despite the Irish Supreme Court’s verdict that abortions are lawful in cases where there is a real and substantial risk to the life of the pregnant women, including the risk of suicide; medical services for abortion reportedly remain unavailable due to lack of legislation to give effect to this ruling. It is also alleged that in order to access safe and legal abortion services, women and girls travel outside Ireland. Women and girls who cannot afford to travel abroad to access safe and legal abortion services, allegedly often perform unsafe abortions in Ireland.
Alleged victims: -
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30 Apr 2013
    01 Feb 2013
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged killing of seven human rights defenders working for the non-governmental organisation Support with Working Solutions (SWWS). According to the information received, on 1 January 2013, the human rights defenders Ms. Shohrat Bibi, Ms. Rahila Gul, Ms. Zahida Bibi, Ms. Asmat Bibi, Ms. Gul Naz, Ms. Lubna Mahmoud and Mr. Amjid Ali were ambushed by four unidentified armed men while travelling home by car from Swabi. The seven were shot dead while the driver was injured. SWWS, the non-governmental organisation for which the human rights defenders worked, reportedly provides maternal healthcare, education and microfinance.
Alleged victims: 7
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04 Feb 2013
    12 Dec 2012
    Egypt
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Concerns expressed in relation to the final draft of the new Constitution as approved by the Constituent Assembly on 30 November 2012, and in particular in relation to provisions on equality, non-discrimination and protection and promotion of women’s human rights in the adopted text. According to the information received, only 1 woman participated in the Assembly’s final deliberations on and approval of the draft Constitution. The adopted text would be submitted on15 December 2012 for approval by the people of Egypt through a national referendum.
Alleged victims: -
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    22 Nov 2012
    United States of America
    JAL
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
The communication refers to the recent electoral process and outcome in the United States of America and emphasizes that this is an opportune moment in the US to advance equality and women’s human rights, including in political and public life. It also encourages the Government to fulfill its long-standing expression of intent to ratify the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
Alleged victims: -
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    09 Nov 2012
    Indonesia
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • health
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations in relation to a regulation on female genital mutilation passed in November 2010. According to the information received, in November 2010, regulation No.1636/MENKES/PER/XI/2010 concerning female circumcision, which authorizes certain medical professionals such as doctors, midwives and nurses to perform it, was passed. The regulation defines the practice of female circumcision as ‘the act of scratching the skin covering the front of the clitoris, without hurting the clitoris.’ (article 1.1). The procedure includes ‘a scratch on the skin covering the front of the clitoris (frenulum clitoris) using the head of a single use sterile needle’ (article 4.2 (g)). It has been reported that, in response to concerns raised by civil society organizations in a petition presented to the Ministry of Health, the latter replied that the regulation on female circumcision was to protect women from the harmful practices of female circumcision and female genital mutilation.
Alleged victims: -
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21 Jan 2013
    19 Oct 2012
    Australia
    JUA
  • poverty
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged threat to the enjoyment of human rights of over 100,000 single parents, some of the most marginalized and impoverished members of Australian society, by a number of provisions in the Social Security Legislation Amendment (Fair Incentives to Work) Act 2012, recently passed by the Australian parliament. According to information received, the new Act will move more than 100,000 single parents (over 90% of which are women), from receipt of the Parenting Payment to the Newstart Allowance. The Parenting Payment stands at 90% of the relative poverty line in Australia, while the Newstart Allowance is 77% of the official poverty line. It is alleged that the legislation will have significant and detrimental impacts on the human rights of over 100,000 Australians, many of whom are currently living in poverty, will provide an institutional obstacle to the full enjoyment of human rights for people living in extreme poverty and increase discrimination against sole parents.
Alleged victims: -
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    15 Oct 2012
    Tunisia
    JAL
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Allégations de viol commis par des policiers. Selon les informations reçues, Mme. X, âgée de 27 ans, aurait été appréhendée avec son compagnon le 3 Septembre 2012, par une patrouille de police dans la nuit du 3 au 4 septembre 2012. Suite au viol, la victime a été amenée dans une clinique. Par la suite, la victime et son compagnon se seraient rendus au Commissariat de police pour porter plainte pour viol, mais auraient étés aussi inculpés pour outrage public à la pudeur. La victime de viol collectif par des agents de police serait aujourd’hui poursuivie pour outrage public à la pudeur. De victime, elle serait maintenant aussi coupable.
Alleged victims: 1
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14 Feb 2013
    02 Oct 2012
    Colombia
    JAL
  • arbitrary Detention
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • mercenaries
  • violence against women
  • disappearances
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Posible adopción por el Congreso de la República del “Proyecto de acto legislativo por el cual se reforman los artículos 116, 152 y 221 de la Constitución Política de Colombia” (Fuero Penal Militar), el cual podría afectar seriamente el Estado de Derecho y la lucha contra la impunidad en Colombia.
Alleged victims: -
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30 Oct 2012
30 Oct 2012
    05 Sep 2012
    Sudan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • Sudan
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged sentencing to death by stoning for adultery of a 23-year old Sudanese woman resident of South Kordofan. According to information received, on 10 July 2012, Ms. Layla Ibrahim Issa was sentenced to death by stoning by the Mayo court in Khartoum, on charges of adultery under article 146 of Sudan’s Criminal Code of 1991 (Decision No. N/A/15/execution/2012). The charge of adultery was reportedly brought against Ms. Ibrahim Issa by her husband, who claimed her 6 month old child is not his. It is reported that the court did not brief Ms. Ibrahim Issa about her rights, that she did not have access to a lawyer during her trial in contradiction of Article 135 of the 1991 Criminal Procedure Act, and that she was convicted based on her alleged confession. She is reportedly now detained in Omdurman Women’s Prison in shackles together with her 6-month old baby.
Alleged victims: 1
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18 Sep 2012
    31 Aug 2012
    Mali
    JAL
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Allégation d’exécution par lapidation d’un couple non marié au Nord du Mali. Selon les informations reçues, le 29 juillet 2012, Mme Achamor wallet Boussa et M. Erlaf ag Ogaz auraient été tués par lapidation à Aguelhok, au Nord du Mali, par un groupe islamiste armé. La scène se serait produite devant une foule d’environ 200 personnes. La ville d’Aguelhok aurait été contrôlée par le groupe armé islamiste Ansar Dine (défenseurs de l’islam), allié d’Al-Qaïda au Maghreb islamique (AQMI) La ville d’Aguelhok aurait été quittée par la grande majorité de ses quelques 3000 habitants depuis qu’elle était contrôlée par les islamistes. D’autres femmes des localités proches d’Aguelhok et de Tessalit, en particulier les mères célibataires et les filles non mariées en état de grossesse, courraient le risque de subir le même sort. Leurs familles ne disposaient d’aucun moyen pour les faire partir vers les régions non-occupées du Sud du Mali.
Alleged victims: 2
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    16 Aug 2012
    Tunisia
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Préoccupations relatives à l'élaboration de la future Constitution de la République tunisienne, en particulier son article 28. Selon les informations reçues, cet article régresse sur les réalisations historiques de la Tunisie en matière d'égalité et des droits humains des femmes. Il prévoit que le rôle des femmes est également complémentaire à celui des hommes au sein de la famille." Le terme de «complémentarité» est une régression par rapport à l '«égalité» prévue dans la législation tunisienne précédente, y compris dans le Code du Statut Personnel de 1956.
Alleged victims: -
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09 Nov 2012
19 Dec 2012
    19 Jul 2012
    Thailand
    JUA
  • migrants
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged human rights implications of proposed regulations which would require the deportation of pregnant migrant workers from Thailand to give birth in their home country. According to the information received, the Minister of Labour has proposed to introduce a regulation to deport pregnant migrant workers from Thailand. A working group under the Labour Ministry’s Department of Labour Protection and Welfare has two months to draft regulations for the implementation of this proposal. Reportedly, many pregnant workers are uncertain about their ability to reclaim their jobs upon returning to Thailand, and are concerned about the possibility of additional expenses incurred related to travel and recruitment fees. It is also feared that pregnant migrant women may seek unsafe abortions as their only option to stay employed, exposing them to serious health risks, including risk of death.
Alleged victims: -
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26 Jul 2012
    22 Jun 2012
    Egypt
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged arbitrary restrictions on associations to receive foreign funding. According to the information received, some human rights associations, including the New Woman Foundation and the Center for Egyptian Women Legal Assistance (CEWLA), have been facing arbitrary refusal or unjustified delay in receiving funding from abroad. The restrictions have had serious implications on the work carried out by the concerned associations, which had to drastically reduce their activities.
Alleged victims: -
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    07 Jun 2012
    Pakistan
    JAL
  • human rights defenders
  • religion or belief
  • violence against women
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged abduction, forced conversion and forced marriage of three Hindu women, and death threats against two parliamentarians who criticized a Supreme Court decision that allowed their return to their alleged kidnappers. According to the information received, Ms. X, Ms. Lata Kumari and Ms. Y were kidnapped, forcefully converted to Islam, and forced into marriage in early 2012. It is reported that the Supreme Court intervened in these cases and on April 18, 2012, ordered that the women be allowed to decide whether they wished to remain with their husbands. They agreed to do so. It is alleged that the Court did not take into consideration the violent nature of the abduction, and the climate of fear and intimidation faced by these women and their families, when requesting them to take a decision. After the Supreme Court hearings, Messrs. Khursheed Khokhar and Pitamber Sewani, criticized this decision and later received death threats for defending minority rights in the country.
Alleged victims: 5
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07 Jun 2012
    05 Jun 2012
    Sudan
    JUA
  • arbitrary Detention
  • independence of judges and lawyers
  • executions
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged sentencing to death by stoning for adultery. According to information received, on May 13 2012, the criminal court of Ombada in Khartoum, central Sudan, sentenced Ms. Intisar Sharif Abdallah, 20 years old and mother of three children, to death by stoning based on charges of adultery, under article 146 of Sudan’s criminal code of 1991. It is reported that although she had initially pleaded not guilty, she admitted to the charges at a later hearing, after reportedly being beaten by her brother. The conviction was based solely on this testimony. It is reported that during the trial, Ms. Sharif Abdallah did not have access to a lawyer, nor an interpreter, despite the fact that she has a limited knowledge of Arabic, while the man co-accused of the same charges was simply released after denying them. Ms. Sharif Abdallah is reportedly being detained with her youngest son, who is four months old, while her two other children are in the care of her family.
Alleged victims: 1
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17 May 2013
    02 Apr 2012
    Lebanon
    JAL
  • migrants
  • torture
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Allegations of repeated physical and sexual abuse of an Ethiopian migrant domestic worker, leading to suicide. According to the information received, Ms. Alem Dechasa, a 33-year-old Ethiopian migrant domestic worker, was repeatedly physically and sexually abused by her employer. As a result of fleeing her employer’s house and seeking assistance at the Ethiopian Consulate in Lebanon, Alem Dechasa was physically beaten and forcibly dragged into a car by two men. It is alleged that Alem Dechasa was later taken to a mental institution where she committed suicide.
Alleged victims: 1
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30 May 2012
06 Jun 2012
08 Oct 2012
    26 Mar 2012
    Bangladesh
    JAL
  • executions
  • violence against women
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged acts of dowry related domestic violence leading to the death of two women. According to the information received, Ms. Akhi Shutrodhor and Ms. Mosammat Sabina Akhter were beaten by their husbands and in-laws, which led to severe injuries causing their death. The violence was allegedly related to the victims’ parents’ incapacity to pay the full dowry due to their financial situation.
Alleged victims: 2
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29 Mar 2012
    14 Mar 2012
    Lebanon
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Request for information in relation to a draft legislation under consideration in the Parliament that would reinstate Lebanese nationality solely to descendants of Lebanese fathers and grandfathers. The Working Group raised concerns about the fact that the original text of the draft legislation initially did not specify the sex of the person’s ancestry but was later amended to include specific reference to the father and relatives from the father’s side, in breach of international obligations related to non-discrimination on the grounds of sex, equality between men and women, and women’s human rights. The Working Group further stressed the importance of ensuring that the drafting process takes into account all of the current standards and understandings related to women’s rights and gender equality and thus contribute to the development of good practices in this regard.
Alleged victims: -
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10 May 2012
    19 Jan 2012
    Egypt
    JAL
  • freedom of opinion and expression
  • human rights defenders
  • violence against women
  • freedom of peaceful assembly and of association
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged violence against women by the Egyptian military in the context of the protests that took place in Cairo in November and December 2011. According to the information received, Ms. A (a journalist under training), Ms. B (an independent film maker), Ms. C (student), Ms. D (student), and a fifth victim (a reporter) were sexually assaulted and beaten for their participation in the peaceful protests taking place in Cairo in November and December 2011. According to information received, women human rights defenders who participate in demonstrations are increasingly targeted by security forces to prevent them from participating in the public sphere through the use of physical harm, intentional humiliation, and sexual assault accompanied by social stigma.
Alleged victims: 4
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04 Apr 2013
    21 Dec 2011
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    JAL
  • migrants
  • violence against women
  • trafficking in persons
  • slavery
  • women in law and in practice
Alleged negative impact of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) government proposal to abolish the Overseas Domestic Worker (ODW) visa system. According to the information received, the ODW visa system has been hailed as best practice and provides important safeguards to prevent abuse, exploitation and trafficking of migrant domestic workers. If the ODW visa system is abolished, this will contribute to facilitating contemporary forms of slavery practices, including trafficking, by allowing employers to bring migrant workers to the UK with no legal protection. Migrant domestic workers would also be tied to their employer and if their rights are violated, they may face the dilemma of continuing to suffer or fleeing and becoming irregular in the UK. Migrant domestic workers themselves would be unable to seek justice through criminal courts or employment tribunals for violations of their right to be free from servitude and other human rights violations.
Alleged victims: -
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23 Feb 2012
    16 Aug 2011
    Chile
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Solicitud de información sobre el proceso y planes relacionados con el proyecto de ley sobre la discriminación. El Grupo de Trabajo sobre la cuestión de la discriminación contra la mujer en la legislación y en la práctica solicitó información sobre el proceso y planes relacionados con un proyecto de ley sobre la discriminación que estaba siendo examinado por el Congreso. El Grupo de Trabajo expresó su apoyo en principio a los esfuerzos de la Comisión de Constitución, Legislación, Justicia y Reglamento (la Comisión) para diseñar y producir el proyecto de ley que establece medidas contra la discriminación (Número 3815-07). El Grupo de Trabajo también tomó la oportunidad de destacar la importancia de algunas provisiones originalmente incluidas en el proyecto de ley y que fueron, más adelante, descartadas del texto que el Congreso estaba considerando al momento de enviar la carta. El Grupo de Trabajo pidió entonces información sobre los planes de la Comisión de tener en cuenta todas las consideraciones anteriormente planteadas en el proceso de revisión de la ley que se le requirió emprender. El Grupo de Trabajo recordó al Gobierno que en la etapa crucial de adopción de una nueva legislación contra la discriminación, le incumbe esmerarse en incorporar todas las normas y conceptos relacionados con los derechos de las mujeres y contribuir al desarrollo de buenas prácticas.
Alleged victims: -
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16 Dec 2011
    04 Aug 2011
    Tunisia
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Lettre sollicitant des informations sur la participation politique des femmes dans le processus de transition et de post-transition. Le Groupe de travail chargé de la question de la discrimination à l’égard des femmes, dans la législation et dans la pratique, sollicita des informations sur les mesures mises en place afin de garantir les droits des femmes et l’égalité dans le processus de transition démocratique et de développement d’une nouvelle Constitution. Le Groupe de travail, bien que saluant l’adoption d’un décret établissant un système de parité de genre sur les listes électorales en vue de l’élection à l’Assemblée constituante, invita le Gouvernement intérimaire à saisir l’opportunité historique du processus de transition pour assurer une pleine participation des femmes dans ledit processus. Il demanda au Gouvernement intérimaire de lui fournir des informations sur la manière dont il a ou entend assurer la participation des femmes dans les toutes les instances gouvernementales transitoires. Il invita également le Gouvernement intérimaire à lui indiquer s’il entend profiter de la transition politique pour : inscrire le principe de l’égalité des sexes dans la nouvelle Constitution ; examiner la législation dans le but d’éliminer les dispositions discriminatoires à l’égard des femmes, tout particulièrement dans la loi sur la nationalité, dans le Code pénal et dans le Code du statut personnel ; et retirer la déclaration générale et les réserves à la Convention sur l’élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes.
Alleged victims: -
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    04 Aug 2011
    Egypt
    AL
  • women in law and in practice
Letter seeking information with regard to women’s political participation in the transitional and post-transitional process. The Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and practice sought information with regard to measures put in place in order to guarantee women’s rights and equality in the transition to democracy and in the process of constitutional reform. The Working Group invited the transitional Government to seize the historical opportunity of the democratic transition process to ensure full participation of women in the said process. It sought information on how the transitional Government has aimed or will aim to ensure the participation of women in the new government to be formed after the presidential elections as well the maintaining of the constitutional guarantee on gender equality in the new Constitution. It further invited the transitional Government to indicate whether it intends to take the opportunity of the momentum of the transitional process to, inter alia: review existing legislation and remove discriminatory provisions, including in the penal code and the personal status law; to remove reservations to the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women and to ensure that women candidates to elections are protected from gender-based violence. Clarifications were further sought in relation to the participation of women in the forthcoming presidential and legislative elections, including on quotas.
Alleged victims: -
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